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Full text of "The memoires of the Duke of Rohan : or, A faithful relation of the most remarkable occurrences in France, especially concerning those of the reformed churches there. From the death of Henry the Great, untill the peace made with them, in June, 1629 ; Together with divers politick discourses upon several occasions. Written originally in French"

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»» 1 W 1 i ii »tHwwp>l«^l»»)i—IIHiWW!H>— «!IW W »> fc i| . 

' (^/ THE 


«_-,. OF THE 

DaKE of RO 

OR, /*«/ ^:tT 


Of the moft Remarkable 



Especially concerning thofe of the 

Reformed Ghurches there. 
From the Death of H J^ iV^ r the Great^untill 

che Peace made v^ith them, in Jme^ 1629, 

With divers Polkick Difcourfcs upon 

Several Occafions. 

Written Originally in French^ by 

the Duke of Rohan 

And now Engliflied by Grorgo Bridges 
of LincolnS'Inne , Efq^ 

Thomas C^/Zw; andare to be fold ac their Shop, 
at the Middle-Temple Gate in Fleet-jlreet, i66o» 



^ir ^.^ 









To the Right Honourable , 


Lord-Marquefs ofOrmondyLord- 

Lieutenant o£ Ireland^ 5teward of 

His Majefties Houfhold^Knight of the moft 

Noble Order of the Garter, and one of His Ma- 
jefties moft Honourable Privy Councelj&c. 

O pretend an Ignorance of 
Your Perfon,which your Loy- 
alty, Cthe only Embcllifher 
of all other Vertues) hasren-^ 
dered fo Eminently TFamousf ^ 
and thence frame an Apologe- 
tique Preface^ to u(her in this 
Addrefs to Your Lordihip, would be a Crime 
greater than the Prefumption, and an unpardo- 
nable Offence againft that Goodnefs, which ne- 
ver frowned on the meaneft payment of that 
Jributc Your Merits juftly challenge from all 

A^i Men* 

The Epiftle Dedicatory. 

Men : 'Tis that , My Lord, which imboldens 
uie. Humbly to prefent Your Lordfliip with thi§ 
Tranflation of a Modern Hiftory, written Ori- 
ir^nattj^y the Duke of R o h a n, a Prince, 
vvhofe Valour 3 and other Rare Accompliih- 
tpcnts 3 not infcriour to th^ moft Eminent of 
his time^ had rendered his Reputation as clear, as 
great^had they not been uniortunately employed 
againft a Party, in which his King was interefled 
( Religion it felf having not power fufficient to 
Authorize Armes, raifed by Subjects againft 
their Soveraign) for one which payed ail hisfer- 
vices with Calumny and Detraftion. 

But far from me be the prefumption to dired 
Your Lordfhips Judgement of his Exploits, ei- 
ther in the Camp , or Cabinet -, either of his 
Sword, or Pen-, which I was principally induced 
p puMifli in our Language, by fome paffages 
tending to the Vindication of our late incompa- 
rable King, and Martyr, from no lefs falfc, thai? 
foule ^fperfions concerning Rochelle^ ( His care 
and diligence to order their relief, being here ac- 
knowledged by perfons more concerned, than^ 
pur pretended Propagators of Religion^ the Ro- 
ckllers ruine being chiefly occafioi\ed by their 
own Inconftancy, refufing to admit thofe fuc-^ 
fours when come, which they before^ even with 
iears implored, and their own inteftine divifions 
ind foaions ) with which His Blafphcmous, and 
Rebellious SubjeclS3 firft fought to wound His 
Fame, that with nior^ fecurity they might im- 

The Epiftle Dedicatory ."> 

6rew th^r Hands in His moft Sacred Blood: And 
knowing how zealous an AflertorYour Lordlhip 
has alwayes ihewen Your Self, both of His 
Rights and Innocence 5 and how indefatigable y 
{ though with the hazaini of the deareft Trea-' 
fures^ both of Your Life, and Fortune ) Your 
Induftry has been, for the reftoring of His Ma- 
jefty 3 ( by God's Miraculous Providence now 
Reigning over us ) even in thofe times, when 
Treafon having ufurped the Throne, Rewards 
'and Punifhrnents were with fuch prodigious Im- 
piety mifplaced, that Loyalty was daily cracifi- 
ed, when Villany was cheriflied^and advanced 5 
nor were our very thoughts exempt from the 
Tyrant's barbarous Inquifitions •, I could not 
more juftly offer it to the Patronage of any ^than 
Your Lordftiip 3 together with him, who, with 
Your Lord(hips pardon, humbly begs the Ho- 
nour to fubfcribe himfelf, -*# 

My L0R&5 
Tour Lordfhip mojl tiumhkj 

And moft obedient Servant^ 
Geokge Bripges." 



I ' - 1 -\r J \ HK 




HIS Treat! fe prefect's yoii nthh the HU 
fioryof three fVars f^flained tn France, 
I'ri defence of tl:e Reformed Churches 
there; the rxcafionofthefirfi iViVS Bearne; 
that of the fconi , the not observing 
the Teace made at Montpellier \ 
and thcit of th^hlrdy ivas the hope tofave Rochelle : 
Bnt oHr fws fot^k again fl tis ; for mjtead of profiting , 
i;per^cre hardnedhy the chafiifements (jod fent Hs, In 
the two fr ft War s^ the divif on' appeared hut asfcattered 
ffarkjy which in the lafi united tq makj a. general confla^ 
gration^ there being no place^ where Corruption had not 
feated itfeify and Avarice excluded Fiety ; fothat in^ > 
fie ad of expeBing any overtures f amour enemies-, every 
cne prof^hut'd himfef to fell his Religion^ and betrjijhis 
CoHntrey : Our Anceflours would have crufh^d fuch chil- 
dren tn their Cradles^ had they thought they would have 
proved inftruments of ^uine to thofe Churches which they 
had planted in the mid'^fl of F Limes ^and cherifhed tn de- 
Jpight of Torments';and wh& by their indefatigable pains y 
4indperfever.a:^cey had l^ft thsm p^ff^(^o/s of a glorio'^s 


The Author's preface to the Reader: 

^epfe : Nor will owr n^ofierity eafily believe themfelvei 
dejcendedf)'om[uch 7{^hle Grandfathers^ and. fuch In'* 
f^moHS Fathers^ if they look^not higher^ to wit ^ to God^ 
who raifes^and abates the Courages of men^ according as 
hi^ good fleafure is to dif cover his Wonders to his Churchy 
in rnifwg it from the dufi 5 when the powers of the world 
conceive it buried there ^ and deprejjing it agam^ when 
^ride^and an Abufe of his Graces y are the only Prodti^ 
of them. 

And here I jpeak^tojofi Princes yahdCemmorf-wealthsi 
-whom God hath honoured with his Knowledge ^ blefi with 
his F avQHrs ^advanced to the height of *T>ignity ^and even 
fatiatedwtth Riches ; take warningiyHSy and boafi not 
jour f elves in the Arme of ftejhy and the great nefs of your 
Forces ; in the height of yonr ^rojperlty beware a Fall ; 
for then are jqh nearefi danger : UMany of you have 
TPith dry Eyesy and letharglque ArmSy been SfeBators &f 
vHr Tragedyy without comributlng any thing to our re^ 
lief; and we our SelveSy have feen the Ships y and Ar-* 
wies of others ingr ate fully promoting the rulne of thofcj 
who relieved them In their neeeffity : God will not fall to 
do his workjwlthoHt yoUywhen the time of our deliverance^, 
fhallcome 5 He Is nearer tons In our Adverjltjy thanyofi 
ar€ to him in your Frofperlty ^ // we are obliged to Implore 
iiis Favour yyoH are much more to prevent his Judgments^ 
J^et the examples of others be your ImflruBlony and while 
it Is yet tlmcy conjider from what f^urce your'^blejf\ngs 
"fioWy and give the honour and glory of It to himy to whom 
tt Is only due» In the mean time ^prepare your f elves to fee 
hereyWlthoHt any dlfguife^the naked truth ofwhatpaf-* 
fed jn our late trouble^. 

1 have begun this Hlftory at the death of Henry the 
Great ; for that during the minority of the King , hU 
Sony the M^aximes laldd^wn by the Father y for ihe (jo^ 
Z'ernment of YrmcQy wre ch<ing'dy m^d the foundation 
ef thep^rjecution ofthojeofthe Jieformad Religion laid^ 


The Author's Preface to the Reader; 

which had like alfo to have proved the fuhverfon of all 
Chriftendonie> andgivenitsMoj^^rchytothe koafe of 


Heave it to ^ofierttyy to the end^that after my dearh\ 
the truth of thwgs which I have fee^y may noi: he obf cu- 
red^ either by the Fables of Flatterers ^ or the InveHives 
ef our ^erfecutors : I have done it^ without any th: lea ft 
tiUion<^or PajfioH^ and fhall leave every man his liber tj 
to judge of it^as he fhall fleafe^ 

TH ]^ 








A true Narration of thetnofl: remarkable 

Accidents in FRANCE^ 

from the death of Hc^ry the Great , until tha 

peace made with choie of the Reformed 
Churches there, in J»»^ 1629, 

The firft-Book. 

Containing the troubles during the minority 
of the King, 

Frer the Heath of Henry the Great) every one bc- 
g;an to think of his own affairs, the .^Mfftt to eftxj.- 
blifh her authority> the chief JKinijlers of State 
to maintain their own,, by advancing hers , .as 
being the eaCeft to be efFedcd (by reafon of the 
abfence of the firft Prince of the blood , the im- 
becillity of the fecond> and the m : sunder ft and ing that was bs* 
iween the thisd and cbcm:'Jand the other great one»toraifc thcm-^ 

B felYCfl 

i The Memoir es of the Dnke of Rohan. Book I, 

Selves from that abj eft condition, the precedent raign had caft 
them into. Amid'ft all which, hatreds were frequent , and the 
moft lubtlc among them made ufe of the paflion of others to ril- 
ine the authority of thofe that eclipfed theirs. 

He that received the firft fhock, after the Regency was fettle(i 
on the Queen? was the Duke of 5///(y, who by his fervices had ac- 
quired the honour of Frmc'ipalCmfident to the former Kingj and 
purchafed the ill-will of moft others : For a vcrtue, eminent , as 
was his, accompanied vviih the favour of his Matter, is alwayes at- 
tended on by envie, a vice as frequent among men, as unworthy 
thofe who pretend any profeflion of honour. Many were very 
2-ealousfor hisruinejand that for different reafonsj The Chan- 
cellor VilleYoy , and the Prefident ^an'm, to confirm their own 
po>ver In the government of the State, and take from among them 
a Man, whofe exaftneffe in the difcharge of his Offices was their 
fhame, fo clear-fightcd to difcern, and fo bold to difcover their 
faults; The Count of Soiffons out cf fome particular hatred he 
bore him : Tlie MarqueCTe d' Ancre for fear he fhouid nip his bud- 
ding fortune; andall the other Grandees, bccaufe they thought 
him too good a mannager of the Publick treafure; A nd the Prince 
of when he came to the Court, by the inftigatiou of the 
Marflial Bouillon, who bore him an inveterate malice, and drew 
<5n the Prince with hopes of confifcatlnghls goods: A powerful mo- 
tive to fet that Prince on work. 

The chiefeft means they uied to remove him from the helme j 
were, to raife a jealoufie in the Queen of the aufterity of his hu- 
niouf , who oppofed her in her liberalities ; and to perfwade her, 
f hat? having need cf the Popes favour to flrengthen her authori- 
ty, fhe c®uld not fufFer one^ of the Reformed Religion, to have 
any hand in the Government of the State, Prevalent reafons with 
a Princefs, who was a Forraigner little verfed in State matters, 
felttius of her authority, and diflrufiful of all fores of people i 
But in the end experience difcovered it to be the ruine of the State; 
For the Grandees grew up to a height that diminiflied the Royal 
power; the Treafuries were drained, the Arfenals ftrangely di- 
fperfed, and the comparifon of that miferable condition of France 
with that flour ifliing oncjthe Duke of $idly left it in, clearly de- 
tnondratcs, how highly prejudicial to the State, was his removal 
from his employments in it. 

The Marflial BoiiUlo'c^ a man of great courage and underfland-- 
ihg, able to procure great gC'od, and no leffe mifchief to a Com- 
mori-ivealth^ and who had been alwayes curbed by the late King, 
iVho was jealous of him, finding himfelf now at liberty, ufes all • 
fj! of inventionsj to make himrelf thought ufeful, and necef- . 
^ fary : 

Book I. TheLMcmolresoftheDukefKohl'^, :^ 

faiy: Thefirftwas to endeavour wholly ro pofTeflc the fpiric o' 
the Prince of Condey whofc kinfman he was, and to pci-rAade. him 
to become one of the Reformation, by due means to mnkc hin-iiclf 
the Chief, and Protcftor of a partyjthac was then very confldcia- 
ble; and with fuch indiiflry carrycd he on his Plo.tSj that the Qi^etn 
conceived great rufpitions of him; and therefore to divert this 
blowjfoughtafter him, who asfooneas he had made h!s conditi- 
ons with her, effaces the defires he had infufed into the P, ince, tot 
imitate the vcrtuous aftions of liis Anceftors; ihewirg him the 
thorncs were in the way to honour, the perils, hardfhlps and ad- 
verfe accidents are met withal, in the purfuit of it ; In fhort , the 
mifery and poverty that accompany it, which proved moil: cffcfluT 
all reafons to diflwade him from a dcfigne fo contrary to hiS 

The Dwke o^Rdban. in the mean time, who was Colonel of the 
Stvif^rs, was commanded away to the fiege of 5F'^ //i^'^S ta!a"n|z; 
with him a Regiment of the Srvh^ers, and havine, the command of 
the French Army In the abfcnce of the Marfhal ds la Ch,ifiic, who 
was the Lieutenant General. At his return from .this cxpedirloPr 
he finds how cruelly they opprefle his Father-in-Law the Duke of 
Sully J and thatj after they had taken from him the Bjfiillej to dl- 
fpofeofthe treafurein it 5 and his command of zhc Finances, to 
rob France with fuller liberty, they were now refolved upon his ut- 
ter deflru(?don, fo to deprive him of all means to rcfent fuch iBdlg- 
nities ; But feeing that it v/as beyond their skill by any ordinary 
waycs to blemlfh the admiiaiflration of any of his Offices, the 
Marlhal JB<;zii//(7«, who had infedcd the Prince o^ Co:iid^', and the. 
Count of Soijfoits with the fame raalitious intention? contivcd 
this defigne for his ruine, ^'/\. to procure a General AlTembly of 
thofe of the Religion, which was granted to be held at Chaficlle- 
raiU on the five and twentieth of May, in the year x 61 1, in which 
hepromlfcdhimfelf power enough to caiife the Duke of Sully to 
be entirely abandoned J fo that without any fenr of ihofe of the 
Religion} he might be arraigned before Commifiioncrs Impowercd 
for his trial; and moreover, that by his induflry he fhoiild fo or- 
der the Afrembly,and all the affairs of the Reformed paitv,ihat nz 
{hould make himfelf the only man confiderable : To bring this 
Projeft to paflfe, he valles It with a pretence of much aff.ftion to 
thofe of the Reformation, and large promlfes of an Am^l'oratiofi 
in their affairs; and communicates it to the Marfiial de 1-efdi- 
git'ieres^ and BiiVleJJis Mornay in particular, by Bcllagcoii an atten- 
dant of Lefdiguicres, who when he bad been with them, rcturncs 
with thefe foUov/lng Inftru(^ions from. D« ricjji!, 

' . B 3 l.Tha? 

4 The Memo'ires of the Dttkf of RohanJ Book.L 

1. That the Provinces be exhorted to choofe for Deputiesj the 
bed qualified and mofl fufficient perfons. 

2. That befides thofe) others of eminency among them, be al- 
fo defired by letters to that purpofe to be there. 

J. That the Deputies may have power to adhere to the plurali- 
ty of voices, and that the Aflcmbly be not dlflolved, till they 
have.reeeivedfull fatisfadion. 

4. That the demands of the Provinces be all fefunded exprefly, 
or upon confequences deduced from the former Edids and 

5. Amongft others, that the Edlft of , l^antes be revived again, 
and obferved as it was made with us, but iince abridged in 
many things without us, 

€. That our Grants for the places of fecurity be made good ro 
us> and the entire number of the Garrifons rcftored usj half 
of wh Ich have been wrefted from us. 
f. That the places we have loftj either by theGovcrnors change 

of their Religion, or otherwife, be alfo given back to us. 
5- That all the. places of fecurity be continued to us for ten 
years at leaft, and that they be paid quarterly, fully, and up- 
on the place J and that no money be upon any pretence whac- 
foever, removed from the places of receipt, till the faid quar- 
ter be fati^fied. 
^. That it may regularly be obtained alfo, and had for provifi- 
onsfor vacantGovernments,confidering the abufeswhich arej 
and maybe there committed, to the prejudice of our fafety, 
Xo. That we may be permitted to repair and fortlfi: all fuck 
places,as time has thrown into decay , and which for waBC 
of reparations will become wholly unufeful to us : And that 
Complaint be made, that under pretence of thefe Govern, 
ments, we are refufed all other Offices and Dignltics,con- 
trary to the ex|>re{le Article of the Edirt. 
II, That no refignations of fuch places of fecurity be allowed 
of without the confent of the Churches, which arc therein 
■ mod: concerned : The like alfo for Prefidents , and Coun- 
fellors of the Chambers. 
1 1. That we may haVe free liberty as before, to compofe, printj 
fell, and difperfc all manner of books concerning cur Do- 
13. That if there be any Town, whofe place for the exercife of 
their Religion is too remote from it, the King be petitioned 
fo grant one nearer, that being under the eye of the Magi- 
Urates , they may bs iefl'e fubjed to the infolency of the 

14. That 

Book L The {JHemoires of thfBhkf of Kohzn. 5 

14. That the Article concerning burying-places, which makc^ 
way for fo many Barbarifms, may be reformed. 

Ij, That the Penfions allowed the Churches, confidering the 
great number of ihemjmay be augmented. 

16. That the Jefuites may not have any refidcnce in outplaces 

17. That thofe Preachers and Frlersa who teachjthat all thofc 
who communicate with thofe of the Reformed Religion, or 
that ieive and aflift them, are damned, may be puniflicd, 
asfeditious difturbers of the publick peace, an4 infringers 
of the Edidsjby which their Majefties have publilhed their 
intentions} to reunite the affeftions of their people. 

18. That we may be allowed two Maflers of requeft, to be paid 
bythe King? for the fiift time, and one Notary in every 

Parliament, or at leaft in the places of fecurity, and to be 
p^yedby us. 

19. That fome place of fecurity be demanded? as well in the 
Provinces where there are none a as where there arc 
many of the Religion. But that it be referred to the pru- 
dence of the Affembly, to coafider haw far this demand be 

to. That we may have a Grant for a General Aflembly to be 
held every two years, for the renewing of our Deputies Ge- 
> 21. That itbcexprefly fpecified,that we may have two Depu- 
ties General in Ordinary at Court at the Kings charges, 
but to be nominated by the Aflembly. 
11, That the Provincial Deputies may addrefTe themfelvcs to 
the Deputies General v/ithout any previous applications 10 
be made to the G.oyernours of the Provinces. 

Thefe I'ftrudions were fent abroad among the Provincesju h^re 
every one u-'cording to the extent of his power , and credit got 
them received? and refolyed on. The aimes of thefe Gei>tlemen. 
wei-e diverfe 5 that of T>ii VUjJls was fincere , that of the Marfhal 
Lrfd}guiercs fas the whole courfe of his life hai difcovered) tend- 
ed only to his own incereft ; as alfo that of the Marfhal- Be'u''Uo?h 
who made ufe of the power of others to convert all to his own 
advantage : For having filled the Provinces with hopes of better- 
ing their conditicm and made them enter into moft flrift rcfolutl- 
oos for that endjdifcovers all at Courtjfhews them loViUrrcy^ and 
to the ^mbafladors of England and Holland, to whom he alfo pre- 
tended much 2,eal for the Reformed Religion: And after this takes 
^ journey to Sedanyih^i hs might ;he better give the Court leifu^e. 

6 Th^ {JVtemolres of the T>tike ^f Rohan.' Book !<, 

tofofter fsarsof the ifllie of this x^flembly, and finde out meanes 
to render it incffwdual : His defires in this met a vvifhed fuccefs • 
for ac hii return he treated fully with i^iil^t/o;' , and havinc^ made 
hiscondir.ons for the Government of Vdi6loic, worth three hun- 
dred tboufar-d Livers, either for himfelf, or to be difpofed of as 
he iliouidofder 5 and a hundred thoufand Livers augmentation 
u^cnth'2 Taxes of the common people, which by his appointmenc 
were d fpofcd to fcvcral particular perfons : he promifes to chancre 
all the refolutionsofthe Aflembly 5 andgiveit fuchan iflue, as, 
ihoLild highly conrent the Queen , which he confirmed by an irre- 
f.a£;abIv:Tcftiiaony j for revifiting the aforefaid Embafladours, 
and parricularly ^irjcna^ he begins a difcourfe concerning thofe 
of theRcfoimation, quite contrary to his former before his Voy- 
age to Sf^iZ?z , v'lT^. That during the Kings Minority they were 
b^ct<:r entertain a little patience, than thoughts of bettering their 
e-ondirion, and by tharmeans juftly purchafe the Kings favour, 
that for his pai t he went to the- AiTembly with thoughts tending 
or,ly CO peace^ and wholly bent to endeavour a rubmiflionof all to 
the pleafure of the Court. This much aftonifhed Arflns , who 
conceived now that his compofition was made, which he diflfcm- 
blcd net at all to his friends : When he had made this progrefs, 
hib favourites 3 ad creatures feconded it with difcourfes of the fame 
nature, the better at a diflance t® difpofe the people to a compli- 
ance with his d-;^f?res : Andbecaufe Chaftclleraut was within the 
Government of the Duke o^SuUy, whofe mine he thirfted after,he 
caufcd the Afiembly to adjourn from thence to Saumure, the gover- 
rnentofD^P'f/f/y-, that he might the more oblige him to a con- 
junction with him. 

■ Befoi-e the Scflion of the Afifembly, he informs Dii Vleffis by 
feveral perfons of quality that he would not be Prc/ident of it 5 
that chough they elcfted him, yet would he not accept of the 
charb^e, andthat it washis defire, he fliould impart this his re- 
folutiontoall hefhouldfce^ for that he thought it vciy impro- 
per for any of the great ones to undertake it. This extreameJy 
pleafed them all , cfpccially the Dukes o^ Rohan, and SuUy , uho 
now cafl their eyes upon Bu Vlcffls ^ and alTured him that they 
would carry it for him : But the Marfhal Bouillon:, coming the 
iaflofa'A , and after they had waited for him a day beyond the 
time prefixed, ( though not without much murmuring^, for that 
his rnifchlcvous dciigncs began now to be difcovcrcd j vifits Da 
Tljfjls, and tells nirn, that notwichflanding what had been faid 
concerning the PrclldenciTiip , lie now defired their nominationj 
for tha-' he knew the Duke of Su^y had with much boafling chrea- 
ic'iKd to prevent hinj. of it ^ thac i: was a thin^ that his- many fer- 

^ vices 

Boolk i. 7fe Kjllemoires of the Duke of Rohan. 7 

vices to the Party had merited of them ; and that in cafe they r^- 
ifufed him the honour ^ he would be gone the next moiiting:_j 
This change of his minde wrought no alteration at all in the re- 
folutlons of the Dukes, who found the greateft part of the Provin- 
ces difpofed to their inclinations; fo that whatever fult or parties, 
the Marfhal Bouillon, could make, he had the voices but of fix' 
Provinces, and Dit, Plcjfls often; who when he took his placcj 
had Chamicr a Minifter, chofenforhis afljflant, znd Desbordes 
Mercier for Secretary. This eledion fo settled De Bowllon.^xh^t 
returning to his Lodging he brake forth into words of difguft, and 
threats of vengeance againft all thofe that had hindred him of 
the Prefidentfhip ; finding well by this Eflayt that he was now' 
like tofaileof allhe had premifcd himfelf from the Aflfembly i* 
However, obliged both by prudence, and the importunate folli- 
citations of thofe that were equally friends to them both, he recon- " 
died himfelf to the Duke oi Sully, whom he had before declared 
to be his greateft enemy. 

The firft thing the AfTembly took Into their consideration, was^ 
the diforder committed at ChaUiUon^ contrary to the exprefs Or-^C 
dersoftheMarflial Bouillofi and the Sieur Frere Commlflioners 
appointed by the King for that particular affaire , for which the 
Marfhal pretended fo high a difpleafure, that having difpatch'd 
thither ^eauchamp , one of his Gentlemen^ to enquire into the 
truth of the matter, he declared as his opinion, chat it was fit 
the Aflembly fhouldchoofeS^«<^ for their Deputy, to be fent to 
the Court with full inftrudions 5 and a ftrift charge to declare. 
That they would not treat of any thin^ with the Kings Commlfl]- 
oners, before reparation were made for that wrong: But that 
violent heat quickly abated; for he prefently excufed himfelf 
from mcdling any further in ^it,? becaufe his CcmmifliQn was 

After this the Kings Commiflioners had audience, who In all 
their djfcourfes pretended,that the prefervation of thofe of the Re- 
formed Religion was involved with, and neceflary to that of the 
State , affuring them of their Majefties favour, that they would 
graciou fly receive all their Remonfirances and Petitions, caufe 
their Edifts and Conceflions to be obferved 5 put thofe that ha4. 
hitherto been neglefted, in execution ; and Imerpret ro their ad- 
vantage, what wasobfcure in them. Andlaftly, That they left ic 
to the choice of the AfTembly , either to put their Papers into 
their hands, or fend them to the Court, protefling, that which 
way foever they took, they {liould have a quick and favourable 

From thefe fair promlfes fprung' no lefs fair 'hopcs^ and ac?- 

B4. cording 

^' g The LMemolres of the Vftkf d>/ Rohan. Book J. 

^crding to the inftruftlons of the Provinces , were their papers 
'Prepared j the Ma.: (hal Bouillon not oppofing one Articlejhaving 
fceenthe Authol: of thofePropofitionSj which were put into the 
>Kands6f Lttfign'^ny Aubigny, and the other Deputies to exhibitc 
the principal points of them to the Kings Coram iflloners, whojaf- 
lerfome debate declared) that they had not power to determine 
any chins; concerning them : ' Bnt going to the Aflembly , advjfed 
them tomal'C their't;ddreiresby Deputie«to the King, to whom 
they would do them all good Offices 5 which was" concluded on. 
At the elefiion of the IXeputieSjthere happened a great ftirre , oc- 
ca/ioncd by the oppofition of contrary fadlons, which made the 
Afteinbly refolye not to 4fav/ up their Inftruftions and Commifli- 
ons, before theimoniinacion 5 that fo they might either inlarge 
or reftraine them according to the conditions of the perfons cho- 
fen, whowercl-^z Cafe,' Court aumer , Serlrier theMlnifter, Ml- 
vande and Armet^ who had no power to conclude' any thing, 
but only to debate (he proportions ; and having explained them y 
to give an account of all to the Aflenably, who would return them 
their refolutions thereupon : This reftriftion pleafed not all the 
Deputies, much lefs the Marflial Bouillo^jwho now plainly percei- 
ved, that h's defign was broken. 

While they were preparing their papers J there fell out two 
pirtic'ular things VvOrth y the obfei ving. The firfl: was on the feve- 
t z\ oppoGz'.on^ the M:n:{ha\ Boit'MoTt made to an Article j which 
theDuke'of Sully as earntftly prefled , T'i^. That the Aflembly 
Should intcrefs themfelves in hiscaufe , for that they endeavoured 
to deprive him of his offiresfor no other caufe? but of his Religi- 
on, in which the Mai:flial proceeded fofarre, as an attempt to 
ma' c the Ton renounce his Obligations to his Father-in-tawjwIiIcK 
lie violently purfued; efpecially one time going to vifit hini beiiag 
ficW, tellinghimthatit wasimDoflible 5 but that in the admini- 
flration of thofc great charges he had boi ne, efpecially in thajr of 
the Finances , when he was Cdmpcroler oftheExcheq,uer, there 
fhould be found fome faults committed; thoughnPtb.y him , yet 
by his Officers and Servants ; and that if the King fTiould iflue out 
a Commiffion to examine his actions, neirher the •>frcmbly, nor 
any other of the Reformed Religion ought to be offended at it; 
no, though the Commiflioners /hpuld do him wrong, fince it 
would be by the ordinary wayes of Juftice that he received itjacd 
that he thought the Duke of Rohyn fo honefl; a man^ja true French 
rnfan,' and (b great a 'friend to peace, that he would be nothing 
moved at it. This fpeech was but ill-received, and no better an- 
fwered by the Duke? who told him, that the Duke oi Sully* s irn- 
pcriint fervices deferved a better;, ihsn to be cxpofed, 
.'"■ '-^' '■ ■ ' '' ■ • ' '" - " i" ' • " »s 

Book I. The Memories (tf the Duke efKohzn, 9 

as a prey to thofe that had dlfferved the Statcj that his anions in 
difchargc of his Offices? free from all corruption > and mifdc- 
meanour> could not, by reafon ot his qualitie ? be inquired into, 
but by a Court of Peers j and that if he were otherwife dealt 
ivithal, ail his kindred, and efpecially he,his Ton in Law, with all 
their friends, would engage in his caufe, fo that after feveral Se& 
fiocs, the A flembjy proceeding to a determination of that Arti- 
clcV fo much urged by the Provinces alfo, advifed the Duke of 
^uUy not to accept of money in lieu of his Offices, and efpecially, 
not to quit that of Grand Mafter of the Artillery, promifing with" 
al> that if for that end they ihould ufe a^y undue, unlauful, and 
extraordinary procedures againfthim, they would publickly De- 
clare that they looked on the Duke of Sully's, as the fame with 
the general intereft of the Churches? and of Juftice; aud that 
therefore they were rcfolved by all juft and lawful means to aflift 
(lim : Andofthisihe Peputies general had an exprefs charge 
given them in their inftruftions. 

The other was concerning Berticheresy one of the Deputies 
{or the iowci: Langnedoc , a Gentleman of quality , and of good 
parts? who in the raign of the late King , who was difpleafed at 
nlm? byreafonof hisprafticeS) and intelligence with the Confta- 
blc Mpntmorency Governour of that Province, was fome what un- 
handfomely turn*douc ot his governments of Sommieresy and ^i^ 
guemortiS I to which having in vaine fought to be rcftored, he 
conceived this a favourable opportunity to make the Affcmbly em- 
brace his caufe, for that they were both places of fecurityj and, 
though they were in the bands of Gentlemen of the fameReligionj, 
yet he prefumcd they were perCons,that had not given fo great Tc- 
f^imoniesof their zealc for the good of the Churches, as he had 
done J ar]^d that though he had been conftrained to aec^|)t of a re- 
compence for his Command, yet was it only for that of Smfniers; 
biiztox ^igitemoites he never received any thing; and that fincc 
his fervices to their party had drawn upon him this prejudice , it 
\N'a« but reafon that they fhould own the Juflice of his Caufe: 
And forafmuch as he had brought with him Writings to vcrific 
what he alledged> he rnoved the AfTembly to appoint Commiflio- 
ners to examine them, and naake their report to them , that they 
riiight confider of them. 

It is to be obferved that this Bertkheres made a great profef- 
fionof friendfliip to theDuke of S«/i[>', who had done him many 
good Offtces to the late King, fo thathe defired fome of his chief- 
eft friends for CommifTioners, who made fo favourable a report 
of bis bufinefs to the AfTembly, that In fpight of the oppofition 
inadc by the Duke o( Boitillm, who fiood for Armbmcsj, to v. hot^^ 
15: ^' / " '. ' the 

I o The tjirtewalres of the Duke ^f Rohan . Book I. 

.-he Government of ^i^^/^orfef was given, it was fo well recelTed 
by the Aflcmbly, that the Deputies lefiding at the Court, were 
commanded to ufe all diligence in his behalf, it being a thing of 
fi^ensralconcernmentj and of great confcquence. When he had 
obtained this, he goes to the Court, where he fleers a new courre> 
^nd to arrive at his aimes, promifesmofl: powerfully to affift the 
Court-party, upheld by the Duke o^ Bouillon., in the A{rembly,and 
fey tills means got a quick and fatisfaftorydlfpatch for his re-entry 
into Aignemortes : Moreover in this journey he made the Confta- 
hle his friend, who embraced his caufe with the fame fervour, as If 
'^ had been his own proper concernment , and then returned to the 
AiTcmbly : Tiie iilae of this affair fliall be fecn in it* proper place i 
But lee us no/v return to the general affairs. 

When the Deputies of the Affembly were come to the Court, 
their firfl difpatch thence brought news of their fair reception? e- 
ipcciallyby the C?ucen, ( who commanded them to put their pa- 
pers into the hands ofBa'jjJfc, and BiMiom.) Counfellors of State ) 
and of the favourable anfwers they had at f:veral audiences recei- 
ved from the Council : But this was foon clouded by another 
mrlfagc from them quite contrary to the former, which informed 
the Aflembly, that the pronalfe to have their Propofitions anfvver- 
ed, and returned int® their hands, was now interpreted to be after 
the nomination ofthe Deputies general, and dlfTolutlon of the 
Affembly : This highly difpleafed them who had already di vul- 
ged among the Provinces, the good hopes they conceived from the 
firtt Inrelligence the Deputies gave them : But, forafmuch as i% 
was a thing contrary to the ufe and cuflome of the Kings Council? 
in affiires of ail forts to fend back the Deputies unanfwercd^ and 
that in all their difcourfcs with them there was no mention of any 
fuch condkicns, the Affembly linanlmouHy refolveaot todlflblve 
before thev had received an anfwer tO' their Articles ; which the 
Mirflial Bouillo'ri fecm'd to approve of , and promifed his Uf- 
moll: affiftince to procure them a handibme returne concern- 
ing it. 

But there was a great difference between the Letter, he fhewed 
the Affembly, and that which he fent away, which intimated his 
opinion, that'^leait feme of them fhould (ee the anfwers to their 
Propofitions before their diflblutlon: But the afhduous endeavors 
of the Deputies proving ineffeftual , they returned to Saunmrc ^ 
where Fr/*/'if>* in the nameof allthe rcfl, made a relation of the 
particularsof their whole voyage, by which they perceived thac 
Bullion was coming after with their Propofitions anfwered j but 
that before his arrival their Majefiies deiired the Deputies general 
Slight be nominated ; which notwlLbflandine was fuA^iended. 

Book I. The LMemoires of the Dnke of Rohatl. 1 1 

When Bullion came, he confirmed what the Deputies had re- 
portedjprotefted to many upon his damnationjthat thePropofitions 
were moft favourably anfwered s terrifies fomc with threatsjwhiies 
he fills others with hopes 5 and to encrcafc both their feares, and 
hopes, he fhcws the Patents he brought with him for the augmen- 
ting the penfions of "^arahere, and others, ^ and the Orders to can- 
cel thofe of the Dukes oi Rohan and Soubi^^e, The Marfhal BotVl- 
Ion. for his pare, employes all his Act to winnc the Deputies of the 
Aflembly by h®pes of a general deputation, and by the power he 
had todifpofeof theTax impofedupon the common people now 
raifcd to an hundred thoufand Livers more, the better to enable 
him to corrupt more men : The rcfolution alfo of the Aflembly to 
fend new petitions to their Majefties, that they might receive 
their anfwers before they diflblved, gave him an opportunity to 
play the notable Polititian: For though there was a very good 
jLinderflanding between the Marfhal Bo«.'Afo;? and Bullion, yet pre- 
tended they a difference in their opinions ', the one afluringthem, 
that it would be but lofl labour to importune the Court any more ; 
the other encouraging them to it with promifes of good fucceffe ; 
but his chief deiign was to weary feme v/ith delayes, that he might 
have the better opportunity to draw others to his party j and in 
the mean time covered all his projeds with a pretence of zeale , 
that the fimpler fort having lefs fufpicion of him, might the more 
eafily be imrapped : But falling in this attempt, he refolvcd with 
Bullion and his friends, to perfwade their Ma jcflies to write a let- 
ter (of which he f'ent them a draught ) peremptorily comman- 
ding the Alfembly to diflolvc, revoking the Licence granted for 
their meeting, and declaring null all their pafl or future Ads : 
And forafmuch as their Majeflies were informed, that all the Dc 
■ puties did not agree in this obflinacy and difobedience, they com- 
manded thofe Deputies that would obey to proceed amomg ihem- 
felvesto the eleftion of fix Deputies, who fhould receive from the 
hands of B///^io» the propofitions v/ith their anfwers ; which Let- 
ter was to be brought by one, that knew well enough how to play 
his Game. Bellngcon- thcM:iTCA2i[l-efd''giiieres his Agent, was 
made choice of for this employment, a fit Inflrument to execute 
fuch a Commifiion, being a crafty fellow, void both of honor and 
honcfly, whofe fubtle pate was alwayes bufied about things condu- 
cing cnlv to his own advantage. 

Before he be2;an this goodly journey, he takes his leave of 
the Affembly, falfly pretending, it was oh! y to fee his friends and 
klnrcd in Bmy , and then goes out of the Town upon an ordina- 
ry Hackny, but foon after takes poft : which being certified to the 
iiifcmbiy^ aS alfo his treacherciis pradices at Far is j together 


^^ The (JHemoires of the Duhe ^/ Rohan. Book I^ 

.«»ith the calumnies he afpcrfecl the Duke o^Rohan, and his friends 
. withalj he wav by thera declared unworthy to be re-admitted to 
this, and for the future to any other Affembly : But forafmuch 
as he had the honour of being a fervant to the Marflial Lefdigtd^ 
<ef€Sy theyrcferrcdhisfu ther doom to him. This ccnfure infi- 
nitely vexed the Marfhal Bo/i.'tfo/z , who employed all the power 
he had to get it revoked, declaring that it was by his command 
that he had undertaken this journey, but all in vainj which fo in- 
cenfsd him a«yainn: the Duke of Rohan, that they forbore to fpeak 
one to the other for a long time after. 

It WIS not lon^ before the effcrfts of this voyage were feen j 
for the Letter fo: their diflolution contrived at Sajmurt , but di- 
fpatched from the Court, came, and fpon after Bei7«geo,'Z, who de- 
clared that rhcy fiiould now receive full fatisfaftion: But when 
the Mirfliil Boit'llon went up to the Caftle, and (hewed the Let- 
ter to D« VleJJisy and L^ ForcCy endeavouring to gain their appro- 
bation of it, and the concents of it were fully underflood by them, 
then were they filled with amazement and difplcafurc ; which 
BtMon perceiving, he thought it convenient that DUr P/f/^jfhould 
impart the fubftance of itjtofuch of the Alfembly as he thought 
fir, that together they might contrive fome means to eompofe all 
difTercnces. Bi^U'foi alfo promifes to deferrc the delivery of the 
Letter, out of a fcemlng defire to feek out fome way for an acco- 
modation J and to that end dsfires a conference with T>u. Vkffts y 
which being yielded unto, after fome difcourfe, they agreed that 
in cafe they fh:)uld proceed to a nomination of fix D^^purics , and 
reft fatisfied with the anfwers were given them, he (although he 
had no Commlftion for it) (hould undertake to procure them fatif- 
faAion from their Majefties upon the foure or five principal Arti- 
cles, as, concerning the Chamber of Edids at P^ir^ , Provifion 
for Vacant places, the payment of the remaining part of Nine 
fcore thoufand Crowns, and the reftoring of thofe places of fecu- 
rity were taken from us ; arid all this to be done before the diflblu- 
lionofthe Alfembly; to which as P/^ VUjfn was ready to make 
his report of this conference , Bullion, fent him word,that he was in- 
formed, and that by very good intelilgence, that there were fome, 
who intended to take advantage of his difcourfesthe day before ; 
wherefore he retraced them, and defired he might be permit- 
ted to gointo the Aflembly to have the ^^enes Letter read, 
and difcharge his duty to the Conjmands he had received from 

This fudden change clearly difcovercd, that the end of this con- 
£crcnee was only to amufe the honeft party in theAfiembly, the 
|j£tter to furpriste thera before i^iiy thing was agreed odj. or tha'j 
' ■ ' ' ■ • they 

feook I. TheMemfflresoftheDnkjofKohin, i^ 
they were prepared for what they were to do , either in order lo 
their diflblutiojijor the Deputation, and cheat them of the thanks 
and benefit of their pal3»s: But both Eoiillion. and BuUlcji too> 
were not a little difmayed when they faw > that when uj^on the 
reading ohhzhtiiti Benicheres rofeupj and fald. That for his 
partjhe would obey? and that it was fit that thofe that were of his 
opinion fliould likewife declare ther&Ielvesj all of them with one 
Tolcc cryed out, that they were more refolved upon obedience 
than he , but that the bufinefle (hould be further difctiiffed, 
when the Commiflioner was withdrawn , which was accordingly 

But here it \s tobe obfer?ed, that notice being taken of the con- 
fultations which were commonly held night and day in the Mar- 
fhal lBo'iiition*s Lodgings, by five and twenty of the Aflerablj? 
( which were all he could draw to a confederacy with himj where 
Bullion alfo was often prefent, the refl of the Aflembly , to the 
number offiftyj with one confent conceived it fitter to yield tp 
the necefTity of the tiraesj than to make a divifion, which w«u!d 
inevitably force them to accept for Deputies generaJaperfcns whol- 
ly devoted to the Court fa<Rionjand that they were better feek out 
fome other way to redrcfs their evils. 

TheMarflialBo/^/7/o» perceiving that the refolutions taken 
iip by his ^ntagonifisy had fruftrated his hopes of procuring fome 
Creatures ofhis own to be chofen Deputies general, makes his 
applications by P/o;ry3 to the Duke of Rohan, for his confent to 
the refioring againe of Belli/gcofty and fharing the Deputation ge- 
neral between them two : In which the Duke of Sully alfo intcref- 
fcd himfelfj andfo farre prevailed with the Duke of Kohan, that 
he caufedan interview between them at his Lodgings, where the 
Marflial entreated him to abate his rigour towards Belliigecfiy which 
hepromifedhim todo: But as for fiiaring the Deputation, he 
was fo averfe from the very mention of it , that at the meeting on 
the day appointed for their cledion, the Duke of 5////y openly- 
blamed him for his obftinacyj telling him that he would ruine aU 
by his wilful nefs: But t^eiiTuedifcovered the contrary: For ha- 
ving affured himfelf of ten Provinces, he makes them agree to e- 
led the fixDeputies thatfhould be nominated by the Minifters of 
thofe provinces J which fucccedcd according as he had defigned 
it J for not one of thofe the Marflial would have promoted ( to 
his extream difcontent) were fo much as named. Thofe that were 
chofen, were Monthrun, Bcrihcville^and Rouvray for the Nobili- 
ty j and Af.73'rt/^, hoijj'eul, znd Mi lie ti ere, for theCommunal- 
^ : As for hellugcoTt} though the Duke cf Rohan no more oppo- 
Kdhim? yet was there much difficulty to revoke his ccnfure > ma> 


1 4 The C\femolres efthe Duke ^/Rohan. Book L 

ny rimes was it debated 5 it length, when a good part of the A f- 
fembly were rifen, thofe that remained, razed it out of their Re- 
cords .* The Regulations for the AfTembly were figned alfo , but 
theMarflial encred aProteftation under his hand and fealjnot to ac- 
knowledge the Minifters for a third eftate, or order. 

And hence fprang the Original of all our mifchiefs and divifi- 
onsj For the Marllial takes his journey to the Court, to receive 
ia recompence for hisfervices, and revenge hlmfelf upon ail thofe 
that had oppofed his defigns, principally the Duke of Kohan^ who 
feared him leaft, and had withftood him moft of any ; wherefore 
he layes a plot to out him of his Town of Saint John d' An^elyy of 
which he was Governour, and place therein i-^ Koche-bcaucowy-t 
the King's Lieutenant in his roomc^alledgingj that if he were once 
deprived of that retreat, he would be unable to attempt any thinn.: 
On the other fide, the Duke of Kohariy and his brother, at a Ccn- 
fultation held at Sanmiire before their departure thence, with thofe 
rhat were of their opinion,concluded that every one of them fhould 
give their refpeftivc Provinces an account of what had pafled, and 
inftigatc them by particular Deputies to the Court, to make new 
Remonflrances of their aggrievances, which they fo happily per- 
formed, that in fpight of the contradlftions of the Commifnoners 
appointed for the execution of the Edid, the years following there 
came to Varis Deputies from twelve Provjncej. 

In the mean while the Duke of Kohan goes to divert himfelf at 
his houfes in '^ritan^, and fo to the Aflembly of Eflates of that 
Province ; At his return from thence he v;as informed of the con- 
fpiracics laid at Saint^ohns in prejudice of his authority; to di- 
fcover which, and alfo to apply convenient preventions , he fends 
th\th.<^vHauUe FontainCj^^om whom receiving advice of the neceffity 
ofhisprefence, he hafts thither with all fpeed , and as he pafled 
through Vo'Mdih gave his friends intelligence of all, and fent Lou- 
dricre to Kochel. 

His unexpeded arrival much daunted his enemies, who never- 
thelcfle fent for Koch-kanco'irt to come fpeedily to their relief; but 
the Duke of Kohan's friends, flocking in every moment, grew to 
fuch a number, ?s that Rocbe-bcaucourt durll not ftir, but cemen- 
ted himfelf with giving the Court an account of what palled : 
Upon which information the King difpatches away La Tmtam to 
the Duke, in appearance to know what was the matter, but in ef- 
fed to confirni by letters, and encourage the Vanifam of Roche- 
^f.T/iCU'??, which 'the Duke, having treated him nobly, learnt out 
of L:i Fontaine, whom he returned^vith a faithful promife to waic 
upon their Majeflies, with a free account of all his anions, upon 
their fi:il commands, which withisa few dayes after he iQct'iyz^\ 


Book I, The Memoir es of the Duke of ^ohTiVi. i^ ' 
And prefentlyfetsforward to the Court, taking with him, amoog 
Qi\itiSy'RQche-beaiicoHn, and F^wc^w/f, whom he greatly fufpcfted; 
and leaving ici Saint Jo^?^Hfl///r£Fo??f^i«f with all neceffary Or- 
ders and Inftruftions, that at his return, he might not finde his own 
gates fhutagainft him. Being arrived at Court, he fhewed the 
Queen by feveral inftances, that he had behaved himfdf like an 
honeft man at the AfTcmbly of Saumure, and that he had oppofed 
the MarflialBo/iitej for that he knewjthat he took part with thofe 
of the Reformed Religion, for no other end, but to advance his 
own Interefts, and render himfelf morcconfiderable both of the 
one fide, and the other, and that had he compafl'cd hisdefignesj, 
fhe would have been the firft would have felt the cftcds of his ar- 
rogance ; But there were no eares open to his juftification, ( k 
being the conftant humour of Princes not eafily to be reafoncd 
out ofopinions,they have been prepofTeiTcd v/ithal^ fo tliat feeing 
the time for the Eledion of a new Major for the Town of Sdh:: 
^ohfi drew near , and that his abode at Court was to no purpofe, 
he pretended that his brother was fick,upcn which having got leave 
to be gone, he took poft that very night; which fell out well for 
him y For the Marfhal Bouillofi. having notice the next day of his 
departure, was very earneft to have him purfiied, and brought 
back again s but he made fuch hafle, as it was impcflible lo over^- 

Ashe pafled by P^'/f in the lower P(3.'c?o//, he tock Soubi-^c a- 
long with him, advertifcd his friends in Vo-^oii' of what had hap- 
pen'ed, and went to Sainf^ohriy whither Voucau-lt i a Captain of 
the Garrifon, whom he had taken with him to Varis , being fenc 
away from the Court, was come before him, and had fecretly af- 
fembled the Major and fome others of that Cabcily to out the 
Duke of the Government, and for that end offered them two thou- 
fandmen; which the Duke having notice of, prefently upoa his 
arrival at i'^i/^^Jo^^^, he commanded ToncaUrlt^ who was then a- 
bout three or four leagues thence, to return thither no more, and 
at the fame inftant fent away T^enis to their Ma ji:fties , to informe 
themof the juflcaufe he had, not to allow the faid Fo;;ri7,7,'; any 
inore acceffe to Sa'uu ^ohn. 

The time for the Ele(5tion of the Major being at hand, which 
is alwaves the Sunday before V^il'rne Sunday^ comes CUvcrie from 
theCourt with an cxprefs,which fignifiedjthat by reafon of the divi- 
sions of the Townjit was the Kings pleafurejfor the repofc ot ir,and. 
theavoidingof factions there, that the old Major fhouid be con- 
tinued, and that this precedent rhould not for the future any way 
impair the Pi iviledgcs of the Town ; whereupon the Duke of ^y- rcmonfl rates toil is Maje fly, h-iw that he was mif-inioimcd of 


^6 The .l/emotresoftheDH^eof'^ohm. Book t.' 

fhc condition of the Town, and of what coftfequencc It was j both 
to his fervicc, and the publick peace, that, according to their an- 
cient cuftome 5 they (hould proceed to Eleftion of a new Major, 
hoping that this would be affented to? and for that reafon fent his 
Secretary with this letter to the Court. 

Now the Marfhall Boiiilicn. rightly imagining, that the Duke of 
'Rohm\NQ\x\^ oppofe the continuation of the old Major, as a thing 
highly prejudicial to hirti, engaged the Royal authority in it to 
the uttermoftj that fb he might either ruine him by his voluntary 
fubmifliori, or by obliging the King to force him to a complyancej 
So that two dayes after the arrival of Claverie comes S:imt MorCy 
a younger brother of Merit au':;jeri and brother in law to Koch-beaii- 
cottrt with another, and flrider exprelTe to the fame purpofe .* But 
the Duke of Kohm knowing, that his own ruirie would aflliredly 
be the coiifcquehcc of the lofTe of Sai?U foh/t, conceived it 
l^afl: dangerous for him to fccure the Tbwnj and feared not to re- 
fufe all thofe Orders as prejudicial to the King's fervicc, and to 
proceed to the EIe(ftion of a new iMajor, according to the ufual 
cuftome of the Town, out of three of the Corporation , whofe 
names were fcrit by Deputies, conftituted for that purpoTe, to his 
Majcfty, to make choice of wl^ich of them he pleafed ; and for 
the fecurity of the place, the keys were, in the interim, put into 
the hands of thefirft Alderman. 

The report of thefe things caufed a great buflle at Court j 
Temy and Onglepied^ whom the Duke fonie few dayes before, had! 
fent thither, were committed prifoners to the Eaftille; his mother, 
wife, and fifterswcreforbid togo outofP^^rW j and Propofitions 
were alfo made of drawing down an Army to befiege him 5 Oii 
the otherfide the Duke, well knowing the power of his enemies at 
Court, and that he was to exped a violent perfecution from them, 
took great care to make all thofe of the Reformed Religion in 
France fen/ible, that the hatred conceived againft him, was occa- 
fioned only by the refolution and conftancy he had fhewed to the 
good of their affairsj thathis^and the lofTe of St.J-ohn.^ would dravv 
after them their deftrutflion alfo J that if their adverfarics found 
this eafily accomtjlivhable, they would not ftop theircourfe in fo 
fair a roade ; and then prepares himfelf the beft he could to make 
si brave refiibnce. But at length when all things were more ma- 
turely deliberated , the King's Council thought fitter to commit 
this bufincfle to a Treaty, and Thernmcs was fent to the Duke to 
determinate the diff-erence in a peaceabje way : The refult of his 
lirgotiation was, That, for eight dayes the Keyes of the Town 
fhouldbe left in the hands of the old Major, that they (hould pro- 
ceed to the rtomination of three, oat of whicli the King (hould^ 


Book L Ths iMemoires of the Duke of Rohatto i 7 

make choice of one ; and, that after this Eleft ion Roche- beaucourt 
and foucault ihould be permitted to return again to execute their 
charges, provided, notwithftahdihg thac the latter (hould prefently 
quit the Town again. 

Themines fent this agreement to the Court, where at firft it wa$ 
well enough liked ofj but when it was communicated to, and fcaii- 
n^i. by the Dukes enemies, it could by no means be approved of.: 
But had orders fent him, to infift upon the return of 
Kocbe-beancourt tmdFoKCaftlt, before the new Election, which the 
Duke oiKoha?i confented to ; and thus, for the prcfenr, was miti- 
gated tht heat of this affair? though the perfecutions againft the 
Dukeof Rtf&^a and his party continued in their former violence; 
cfpecially at Court, where the Marfhal BouiIIoti endeavoured, firft 
to corrupt the Deputies then to make divlfions among them; an4 
'^fl: ot all to deftroy rheir authority : And when the Provinces 
l^nt their Deputies to the Court to reraonftrate their refentments 
of the ill impredions were given their Majcfties of their loyalty^ 
to vindicate themfelves from the calumnies vented igainft them, 
and to obtain a grant of all their juft demands, fo neceflary , tQ 
their fubfiftence : The Marflial Bouillon, perceiving, that neither 
his conft^dcracies in the Provinces, nor the Commiflionei's purr 
pofely fent in to them, could hinder the deputations , turns novf 
his whole endeavours to render their Negotiation fiuitlefTej aU 
ledginga that it was a diminution of the Kings authority to <r\\^ 
audience to an AlTcmbly convened againft his wills that, if their 
requefts were yeilded to, and fatisfadion given them that way, ic 
would difguft the loyal part of his fubjsfts, and reunite the now 
disjoynsd Provinces with the Complainants j and openly difco- 
vering alfo great difpleafurc, that they (liould repay all his fervi- 
ces with flights, and envie; imputing unto him, upon all occafions> 
what ever raifchief befel them ; So that,though he could Bot pre- 
vent their audience? he fruftrated the contentment they hopec! 
thence, telling the Deputies general freelvjthat what he did^was in 
tevenge of the affronts he received from the AfTcmbly ixSaumure, 

Thcfe things paflinis thus, the Marfhal BoiiiUon continues his 
ill offices to the intereftsof thofe of the Reformed Religion in ge- 
neral, and thofe of the Duke of Kohan in particular j and having 
obtain'd the AmbafTadorfhip extraordinary for EnglA\n4 to gtt 
the alliance with Spaine approved of there, feeds himfelf alfo with 
hopes by the means of that iraployracnt, there to procure a diflikc 
of the adioHs" of the AfTcmbly of Sa/mnre : Cut the Duke of 
Rokm found an opportunity, by a Gentleman that attended on 
the Marfhal in the voyage, to give the King of England a true 
information of aUthingsjfo that as to that particularj theafifwer 


T 8 TX^ Memotres of the Dnke of Rohan . Book T. 

l^e received, was, that if the Queen fhould be induced to infringe 
the Edids made in favour of thofe of the Reformed Religion , To 
that it were manifeftjthat they were pcrfccuted for their Religions 
fake; hisMajefty required? in that cafe, that neither ihc League 
lately made with Trance, nor his prefenr confirmation of the fame, 
ihould be underftood to their prejudice : For Nature teaches eve- 
ry one, when he fees his neighbour aflaultcd for a quarrel which re- 
lates to himfelf, toforefee what he may expeft from the ifliie of it. 
As for his part) the King of f^zg/^i^^ exhorted the Marfhal to a re- 
conciliation with the Duke of Kohan, to whom alfo he intimated 
his pleafure in that particular : In reference to which, the Nati- 
onal 5ynod then held at Vrlnas-i endeavoured it alfo, and for that 
end, befides the Deputies general^ chofe Vn Moulin. , and Diirand^ 
Minifters, and V i{Le-gro lot an Elder, whofe care and pains in it 
ivere fo effedual, that the /ixteenth oiJugufti'm the year i^ii.'the 
Marfhals Bouillon, and Lefdeguiercs fipned thefe enfuing Articles, 
viz. That they would he err ^m to a face re reunion. , prom/fing to 
fiibmit their otvn particular inter eps to the common we If are of 
thofe of the Kc formed Keligio?ty by an Oblivion of all past in- 
juries : That they would freely renounce all tefintmemsy and ani^ 
moJitiK againji any perfons , and for what caufe foever :That 
they would love and honour every one according to his ranl^e and 
quality') giving them upon all occajionsy all teftimonies of friend" 
fhip, as far as the duty of true Chripans , and faithful SubjcBs 
of the King fhould oblige and permit them. They farther alfo 
protefted, that they defired nothing morcy than by a firm Union, 
and concord to fee the Kingdom of God advanced, and the 
Churches flourifh in a happy peace ^ under the obedience of 
fjis Majefty'y and, moreover, to imploy all their power , that ihe 
authority of the Synods be not invalidated , nor the 'Oifcipline 
infringed -, and that they would not favour , nor any wayes af- 
fft any particular perfons or Churches, that by unjuji or preju- 
dicial means fhould feparate from the tfrnon^ and conformity to 
the Do6irine and Difcipfme received in the Churches. This Ro- 
teftationwas alfo figned by the Dukes of V^ohan, Stdly, and Sou- 
hi%e, La force, and Du Fleffls ; to which they defired might be ad- 
ded thefe following Articles 5 v\. To caufe this Act to befigned 
i>y the Govtrnours of all places of fccurity j and other perfons of 
conpderation in the PrGvi?ices , and that by the way of Confe- 
rence 5 and, that a Claufe might be inferted, by which theyfhodd 
Mge thcmfclvcs to ooferve, as well all Politique , as Ucclefiaili- 
cal crder, and to reftore and confirm the authority of the Deputies 
gin-eral in their charges. 
. te for alUhefe gQodly appejirances^ the perfecutlons agalnfi 

Bobkt TheiMermlresoftheDtikeof^ohm^ 19 

thofe of the Religion J and theDukcofRo^^^^jCeafed not 5 which 
enforced them at laft 5 upon the grievances of the Province of 
Xaimonge to call an Aflembly of five Provinces, according to the 
regulation of the Aflembly of ^.^z/zry^///-^. 

Whiles thefe things were a doijig, there hapned a new accident, 
which hartncd the Aflembly: Bcrtichcres, fupported with the power 
of theCDnftable,theDecrec ortheAlfembly oiSan?pjHre yond the fa- 
vor of the Court, would needs repcfleflehi s government q^ A'^gne- 
mortes ; Bur the Province, advertlfcd of his demeanour by Saugeon, 
{whom theDuke had fent thither purpofely with acharadcr of him) 
fo ordered that affair, that,in fpight of the Conftable, they mflin-' 
tained Arcmbures in it, and kept Berlicheres out j which fo inccn- 
fed him, thathemadeS<z//gfo/ii a prifoner at yiUe-frMcl^ in Ro'iir 
€Jgue y which was more than he could do in his own governmenri 
When the Duke of Rehan, and the Province of Xaimonge heard 
this 3 they avowed the voyage, and owned the caufe of Sa7i>gfoH % 
The Aifemblyalfo mecat jRoC'^^/, notwithftanding the ill ufagc^ 
and traverfes occaltfened them by the MarChal Bo'iiUon, who fliow- 
cd himfelf more their eHemy,than all the Kings Council befidc 
(notwithflanding hi, engagement pafifed to the King of England.;, 
9nd the Deputies of the National Synod j and inlligatedthe Cler- 
gy of F/-a;*c? to go to the •^fi^^m, and hinder her giving any fa- 
vcurable anfwers to thofe of the Religion, fuppofing that fuchrl" 
gor would force them upon cxcremiciesj& would make them appear 
guilty of a defire of war, and give him an occafion to inccrpofa 
as a mediator for them at Court; that fo, he ; might render himfelir 
ufefui to both parties , and whatever happened, ftill make up his 
own reckoning. 

On the other fide, Va Vlcjjis tired with thefe perfecurions, from 
which he himfelf was not exempted , and fearing v/hat the ifTue of, 
thefe diflurbances would be, interpofes for the compofing of them, 
and comes to Rochel accompanied with Rmcvray, one of the Dcpu^ 
ties general, and brother to his Ton in law, bringing with him a 
draught of fomc Articles, not figned : But the fucceife of his ne- ' 
gociation , not anfwering his expeftation, he withdrew again, and. 
- with him, the Province o^Aniofi, (one of the five afl'embled) Ne- 
verthelefle, the other four continued well united, and by Mefli-n- 
gers, defircd the Duke of RdhaffsprQkncc at Rochel, to confulc 
with them about what was to be done : When he came, it was rc- 
folved, that they (hould fend a Gentleman to the x^ccti. -, in the 
name of the Provinces, to accepr, for thcprefent, the offers had 
been made them, referring the purfuance of the reft tp tlie Depu- 
ties general. But hearing, in the mean time, of the commotions 
ac the Court, of a bold ai^ion committed in the aifafrmation of 

C z the 

zo The Memoires of the Duks of Kohznl Book.!. 

the Baron de Lu':^^ to the great difpleafure of the •^eea , and 
violation of her authority j the Aflfembly took the boldnefle to 
fend Le Pare, ft* Archiati&nd Crejfomiere to their Ma jefties , with 
protcftations of their loyalty, and offers of their fervice? choofing 
rather to fubmit to their pleafures in accepting the offers made 
them, than CO augment the prefent troubles by their importunities: 
Btjfay alfo made a Speech to the fame effect, in the behalf of the 
Duke of Rohan, j and all were well received at Court : Thus end- 
ed this Aflembly, which though continually traverfed, as is before 
related? brought more benefit to the Publick, and comfort to the 
Duke of Rohii «, than that of SaumJti-e. 

The Ankles agreed on (and pretty well obfervedj wcre^ 

I. That the King's Atturncys fhould have Orders to receive the 
Atteftations of the Miniflers, without compelling them to add 
the Epithet, Pretended, to the Reformed Religion, 
a That the Ecclefiaflical pcrfons fhould be permitted the enjoy- 
ment of the fame liberty, they had in the raign of the late 
J. That they have a Toleration of Provincial Councils, for the 
ordering of their Politick affairs, as in the late Kings 


^. That the Miniflers, as well as other Ecclcfialiical perfons in 
Trame, may be exempted from the payment of all Taxes and 
' Sublidies, and that all neceffary provifions to thiseffeft,be 
given them. 
^. That all the Ediftsbe publifhed anew? together with a Decla- 
ration, confiimlng all Grantsj Favours, aad Conceffions of 
the late King> with an Ad of Oblivion, and a Decree,that all 
proceedings commenced againfl thofe of the Reformed Re- 
ligion become null, and as if they had neVerbeeii. 
S' That the Inhabitants of i^i^f/W be permitted to enquire into 
the oecafionof what hapned at Couldray 5 and be alfo freed 
from the jealoufies they may jiifllyder«ve from the two near 
approach of the Ships, and that, to that endj they be com- 
manded to ride farther from the fliore. 
7. That the Remonllrances of thclowzr Languedoc he received 
concerning Aigactnones', that provlfion be made for it; and 
that, inthemean time,the place be committed to the care of 
3, That the razing of Vefteres be fufpended , and the Remca- 
ftrances of the Piovince of langn^doc^ concerning that parti- 
cUafp bs rsceiveds 

p Tha^ 


Book I. The (^etnoiresoftWDtikeofKo^iin] 2t 

9. That nothing be changed in the Mas d* Agmois in the lower 
Gtiiennei and that La Vejjiere be replaced there. 

ID. That the Count of P^»?^ be defired by letter, to continue 
the Captain P/f in his command under him^ in Manfiete. 

i I. That the troops which-are in XaintongCi Voi5loUi and the pla- 
ces adjacentjbe removed. 

iz. Thax Koche-teauconrty and T'oucxult y be fent out of Sa'mt 

' 3. That the one of their Companies fhall be given to the Duke 
of i?o^.^??5 and the other to the King's Lieutenantjwhich {hall 
be placed there, in the place of La Roche-beat^coiwt, but with 
the approbation and good-liking of the Duke of Rohan. 

J4. That the Office of Serjeant Major of the place becoming 
voids either by death, or dtmiffion of the Officer, it (hall be 
fupplyed as the Duke fliall pleafe. 

tj. Thar the penfions ofthe Dukes of Man, and Soubi%e, ftiall 
be paid , both the arrearesj and whax fhall for the future 

16» That no violence be done' to the friends or fervants of the 
Duke of Rohan 5 that thofc that had peniions fhall receive 
them, as before the AfTembly of Saumme ; and that no inju- 
ry be done to the Baron de Smgeon , but that he he reftored 
• to his liberty. 

Whiles the Coure raifed thcfe tempefts in the Provinces, it 
fislf was not free from commotions. The Marfhal ci' Ancre, who 
had ingroffed the whole favour of the Queen, bred, and cherifhed 
divifions among the great ones, lefit their union fhould obPirud his 
advancement j fo equally ballancing all parties, that neicher could 
over-poife the other, and continually fomenting envle and jcalou- 
fiesamong them J lef^ their reQonciliation fhould prove his rulne : 
They on the other fide fuffering themfelves to be hurried en by the 
violence of paflion, rather than led by the calmer condud of 
reafon. To that all the Princes of the blood were fccn in op- 
pofition one againfl the other, and thcfe alfo of the houle of 
LorrainCy according as their prefenc enjoyments, or hopes of future 
favour moved them : But at length the Prince of Con.dc upon tlie 
Queens refufal to give him Chafleau Trompette^YaKad a party of dif- 
contents, under pretence of reforming the diforders in the govern- 
ment of the State;Thc Marfhal Bozii//(??2. the main contriver of thig 
Party, managed it with fuch artifice , that he caufcd the Prince,, 
the Dukes of LongneviUe, J^evcrs, Main^, and others , to abfenc 
themielves from the Court, whom he himfclf followed the lafl of 
allj and wiihtlw Q^eeas confeot too, upon the hopes he had given* 

22 The i^iemoiresofrhe^HkeofKohvOi, Book I. 

Jier of reducing all thofc Princes; And with fuch dexterity hand 
died he the affair? that he became both the Author and compofer 
<?f it; in which there was one very remarkable thing to be taken 
jiotice of, which was, that he imparted the whole bufinelTe to the 
knowledge of the Duke of Kohan's moft faithful friends, and con- 
cealed it from his own, whom in other things he had alwayes tru- 
fted ; for that he very well knew the corruption and fallhoodof 
the cne, and the integrity and fidelity of the other. 
'. The Prince with his Partifans retired to Afc^ie^'fi", a Town be- 
longing to the Duke oi Never s^ntOiX SedaK; TheDukcof Ai^i«e 
who was Go*Trnour of the Ijfle of Fran-ce, with the Towns of So'if" 
Jonh Noyom-yzrA the CaAle of Viernfons ; the MarquefTe de Ceu- 
'uresviithLao?!.'^ all very confiderable places , together with the 
Duke of I.O/?^t;ei'i/ifa» Governour of Vicardy, with all the friends 
and ferv.mts they could mufter in their governments joyning to 
the frontlrcs of GermMy, and Flanders, with the reft of the dif- 
contents in Fr^;?:^:^, made up a very formidable party; to which I 
iliall not adde? that upon the retaining of thefe Male-contents 
from the Court) the Duke o^Ve'iidofme being apprehended in the 
Xoi^v^T, and there detained prifoner; a few daycs after made his 
efcapc, and got into Britany his own government , where he made 
gi- eat preparations a! fo. 

Things being in this condition, the Vr'mce writes a letter to the 
•^C^:?? J whofe contents were nothing but complaints of the difor- 
^ders committed in the State under her authority ; that the Prin- 
ces of the blood, Dukes, Peers, and Officers of the Crown were 
excluded f;om the Publick affairS) which were managed by three 
Cr four only? who to m.aintain their own height , fowed divifion? 
among the Nobility, laviihing the treafures, and at their plea- 
fure,dirpofing of them, the Arfinals and Frontire Garrifons, which 
were intnifltd in the hands of ftrangq^s, who were in no wifere- 
fponfible for them ; that they defired an AiTembly of the States 
General, according to the Cuftome, during the Minorities of thejr 
KingSjin which the f^cT^ fhoiild finde a legal provifion made 
for the fupportof her authority, the prefervation of the Lawes,and 
reforming all abufcs that obftiufted theadmininftration of them, 
Mc writes a If© to the Parliament of F.iZr/V, and all the Grandees noc 
yetconfedcrated with him,to invite.them to a Conjunction with 
hii Party j and to the Deputies general alfo, telling them thac 
rhofe of the Religion were not forgotten inhisRemonftrances; 
He fent alfo Le MuretTjuiQuiQmwz of his guards, to the Duke of 
V\ohm to court him to arme in his behalf , protefling that he 
would net lifientoiinyagreemenc, but with his confent i But the 
' Dtike who cntlie cne fide kacw very well the credit the Mannal 

X>QliiliSn : 

Book I. The diemolres of the Duke of Kohin^ 2^ 

Bo'mllon. had gained among his moft intimate confidentsj and ^^ 
the otherj reraembring the continual ill offices he had receiv"** 
from him ever fince the Aflembly of Smmiire 1 and being not u*^* 
jealous that the war was only declared in words, whirft in trut^i 
they were already entrcd inro a Treaty, refolved to fend Uaultr. 
fofitain?, la whom he repofed great confidence, along with M.v et-7^ 
tomakeadifcovery of thetruepoftureof the Prmce his affairs; 
and in j;he interim made his addreflfes by letter to the Queem af- 


In the mean while the Vrmce came to S^int Mcnchould,^ ftrong 
place within the goycrnmenc of the Duke of Neycrs , which he 
hadfecured, and there alfo znWtd Haidt-foma'mc, where. In- 
ftead of a war proclaimed, he found a Treaty well advanced; He 
was received with much honour? and admitted alfo to their Coun- 
fcls; Upon his arrival, it was given out 5 that he came with ai^ 
ofFer of eight thoufand foot, and 'two thoufand horfe from his 
Mafler, on purpofc to haften che Treaty, and yet was he fent back 
to the Duke with an alTurance that there fhould be none , and a 
requefl to raife armes : But Hault- font aim afTured him that the 
Peace was concluded, and that Arnbot[e\^zs to be given to the 
Prince, MmehoiUd to the Duke of Nevers, and a round fumme of 
money to the Duke of Bo'mllony and that an AfTembly of the States 
general was promifed j which in a fliort time after was performed: 
And thus did their own private interefts intercept their regard to 
the confideration of tlie publick. 

The Duke or V^«<^o/'^^, who, after his efcape, had levied ma- 
ny men in Brit any ^ and engaged himfelf in the fortification of 
if/^i/ff, was much troubled to fee himfelf thus forlorne : He fenc 
V^oche Giffar to the Duke of Ro/ai??, with carneft perfwafions ta 
joyne with him, which were well mixed with faire promifcs in fa- 
vour of thofe of the Religion ; But all could extraA no other an- 
fwer from him , than that the beft counfel could be given him, was 
to digefl, as well as he could ,his dereliflionj and in time, to com-* 
ply, left his obftinacy fhould draw upon him an Inevitable ruinej 
But this advice had no operations upon his refolutlons 5 though 
the Prince, when he came into?€i5iofi, added his perfwafions tooj» 
and endeavours to approve of his precipitation of the peace : Thq. 
Prince was alfo very feriousto fee the Duke oiKdban, who to fa- 
tisfie him in that particular,came to LaKoche dcs Aubieres in. Aru 
j/>« , where he fhews him,how he had been forced to, fliuffle up 3 
peace the bsft he could^ for thac the Marfhal Bo'iiillm ambitious 

5 4 The tMemoIresQftheVftke of Koh^n. Book i' 

of all the thanks and profit, had debauched and feduced moft of 
his party ( fpeaking well indeed of none but the Duke of Nevers) 
fo that he was conftrained to accept of Amboife ; Thjit he hoped 
to procure an Affembly of the States General, inwhkh his par-^ 
ty would be the moft prevalent , for that every one in their 
Province, ftickled hard fer him ; and that it was there, the af- 
fairs of the Kingdom (hould- have a redrefs , and the Nobility 
enjoy their dignities , or ell'c that they fhould have moit forces , 
and abetter pretence for a Warj that though he had caft off 
many Gentlemen and Souldiers^ 31 yet he regarded not that muchi 
fbr tliac he knew , Vra'dce was alvvayes well ftored with difcon-* 


'' ' To which was anfw cred, that the States would rather oppofc 
his defigns, and inftead of augmenting, Icffen his authorityj for 
that the fear of evil, and hope of good, the moft prevalent mo- 
iivrs upon the afFcdl ions of men, were from the Q^i'e/?, not him 5 
and that the reafon,why many refufcd to takeArmcs, though he 
comm.andedthemjwa?,becaufe he himfelf did notg but had made 
his peace j for which he was upbraided both by the Duke of Ko- 
han, and his brother j of which he cxcufed himfelf the beft he 
could, with many large proteCations of friendftilp to thens, and a 
high approbation of the Counfel they had gjven the Duke of Ven^ 
eifjO^re J and thus was their interview terminated : After which? 
the Prince to make his advantage of all, wrote to the Prefident ^a- 
nin^ that he had defired a meeting from the Duke of Roha/t for no 
other end, but to break off the confederacy between the Duke of 
Vcrtdofm^! and him. 

This being paftjall parties were very induftrious to procure a no- 
mination of fuch Deputies in the Provinces, for the States Gene- 
ral, io be convened at P^rriV the winter following , as were moft 
devoted to them , • And in the mean while the K-^^ and ^iceen 
took their journey towards Britan.y to reduce the Duke of Ven,' 
dof?ne: When they came to VoiUitres^ y'ilitroy difpatches to the 
Dukeof KiJ^>7» ox\tViUette / whom he knew to be a friend of 
his) to let him know, that their Majefties palling within twenty 
Leagues of him) wouH take it ilHf he neglected to come and 
wait Upon them, alfuring him of a fair reception 3 and that it was 
fuch an opportunity to fet himfelf right againe with them , as in 
prudence heoug^ht not to let flip : Upon this- encouragement he 
wentthitherj where, after a very good welcome given him , they 
engaged him to be prefent at the States of ■Wit.iny to be held at 
JsTt/z^'i ,' where all their propofiiionswere anfwered with a free 
aflnt to then^ whtthet they concerned the Deputations for the 
States GsReral^ orthe Duke ofKf.Wo/wf ^ wfeo was fcreed to. 

gr>ok I. The Memoir es of the DukjefKohin. 2^ 

prefent hlmfclf before them, and wholly fubmit himfclf to their 
pleafures. This done, they returned thence, it being prefcntly 
after the Autumn > to Far is , whither a general curiofity carried 
every one to (ee what would be the iffue of the States General. 
The Prince was in very good intelligence with the ftrongeft party 
in tbc Parliament, occafioned rather by their hatred to the pre- 
fent government, than by a?iy influence from his vertue or good 
conduft i for had his life and aftions been in any degree propor- 
tionable to his pretences^and Rcmonfl:rances,he would have much 
diAiirbcdtht Queens government. 

Come we now to the Statesjwho aflembled at Tar is about the , 
latter end of OHoba; in the year i <$ i 4: where all things paf- 
fed according to the Q{^ff?? J defire, who notwithftanding dififol- 
ved them, without giving them any fatisfaftion at all : The 
Prince was faine to yield up ^;«^oi/e againe, which he had got- 
ten at the Treaty of S^iaf Mcnehould'y and that by the advice of 
the Marfhal Bo/<?tf(???, who thought by fhewing the power he had 
over the firft Prince of the blood, who only might lawfully que- 
fliontheaftions oit\\t Qwen, to render himfelf To acceptable 
ar^d confiderable, that of neceflity he {hould be employed in the 
management ot the pubhck affairs : But remembring that his fer- 
viccs had been lefs recompenfed than his diflervices, and that men 
flood in awe of that afpiring fpirit, fo apt and ready for any great 
undertakings, he rcfolves to imploy it again to mifchicf , and ta- 
king occafion from the ill propofitions made in the States, from 
the treacheries difcoYcrcd there, by a prefumption to eftablifh 
the Papal in prejudice of the Royal Authority, from the Decree 
made by them for the confummating the Marriages with Spai?ie ^ 
from the prodigious greatnefs ofcheMarfhal d^ Ancre univerfal- 
' iy envyed, and maligned, efpecially in Vcvris 5 and from the dif- 
contents the Deputies the States carried back into their provinces^ 
ill which things he fodexteroufly ordered for his purpofes, that 
from that foundation heraifeda broMiery of that importance,thac 
e-ven thofe that thought not at all of meddling in it, were infenfibly 
engaged in the party. 

The better to arrive at his aimes, theMarflial B^^iiite dreW' 
into the confederacy with the Prince all the Grandees of the 
Kingdoms} whom either fome particular in juries received, or en- 
vy ( the bafeft, yet moft common vice of all ) had difcontented ; 
handles the Parliament of Faris fo handfomely , that the greatcft 
part of them favoured his defign, prevailed fo farre upon the En- 
glifli EmbafTadour, that he incited his Mafter to countenance his 
party, ^tidTmAtKouvray ^ Desbordes-Mercier , and BertheviUey 
Psputics General from the Aflembly of thofe of the RelIgion,per- 
~ ^ - . for.s 

26 The LMemolres of the Duk^ of Koh^n. Book I^ 

fens of great abilities^ and good reputcj his own; {hewing them 
the remedies he would apply to the diforders of the State , the 
advantages {hould thence accrue to thofe of the Religion in gene- 
ral, and chemfelves in particular s towir, to the one the place of 
Embaflfadour into the Low Comtreys > to the othet the revenue of 
a Counfellor in the Chamber of Edids; and to the thirdjthe Depu- 
tation General ; all very perfwafivc arguments. 

When he had thusdifpofed his affairs , leave was granted for 
an Afl'embly to be held at fergeau, the fourth day of v^^ri/jwhich 
place was judged improper for a free debatc> and attaining the 
ends propofed^ wherefore it was removed to Grenoble the jfiftcenth 
€£ ^ulyy one thoufand fix hundrcdand fifteen > upon the inftant 
retjuett ot the Deputies General, and the Provinces, and the af- 
jGirance the Marfhal Lefdigukrcs gave the ^^^erty that he would 
order all things fo, that fhe fkould have no caufe to feare the ilfue 
of it ', wlilch place, though the vaft power 5 and well-known hu- 
mour of the Marfhal might caft fome umbrages of fufpicion on it, 
could not however be refufedj, becaufethat Dmph'me was a Pro- 
vince, in which thofe of the Religion were mofl: numerous and 
powerful? and where without danger they could not be dif- 

Whiles thefe things were in agitation) great care was taken to 
incenfethe fpirits of the Vanftxiis^ and with fuch effedj that the 
Parliament fet forth a Declaration 5 inviting the Prigce and 
Peers tojoyne with them in their Confultations; which though 
they were checked for, yet defifted they not, but proceeded to the 
prefenting of very bold Remonftrances to the King hirafelf, whofc 
fubftance was, that he ought not to begin the firft yeare of hi^ 
l4ijority vvith fuch abfoluce command:j, nor accullome himfelf to 
fuchadions) which good Kings, as himfelf, very rarely had re- 
eourfe to , and after an exaggeration of the great and fignal fervi- 
ccs of their Court ever fince its firft eftablifhracntj and that all 
the weighty and moll important affaires of the State were mana- 
ged by their Counfel, or that the Kings had repented' it, they re- 
monflrate the difpleafure they had to fee that the I-ate States 
fbould endeavour to fubvert the Fundamental Law of the King- 
dome, by rendering the Soveraign power of the King doubtful , 
and problematick i that for the fuppreflion of fuch pernicious 
Maximes, and that his Soveraignty which he holds only and im- 
mediately from (3ois^ himfelf, be not upon any pretence whatfoe- 
ver fubjeded to any other power, it were necefTary to ordaine,thac 
rhe Original Laws of the Nation? and the occafional decrees foun- 
ded on them be renewed and put in execution ; and thofe held for 
enemies to the Stat€:r that would fubjed the Royai Autboriry to 

Boolcl. The tMentotres of the D/<;^^o/RohanI 37 

any forraign domination : Moreover they rcmonftratc alfo how 
neccfl'ary it were to continue the ancient Alliances, andforraignc 
Confederacies renewed by the late King j that the King (hould be 
alfo advifed by the Princes, Officers of the Crown 5 and vete- 
rane Counfelloursj perfons experienced and interefled in the 
State? and that none be permitted to receive penlions of forraigne 
Princes or States : That all Officers be protefted in the difcharge 
of their duty : That for the future no furvivances or reverfions of 
Offices be granted : That the Military commands be not Vendibles 
That the governments of provinces, ftrong places , and principal 
Military commands be not conferred on flrangers: That for the 
confervation of the dignity and fplen dour of the Romifh Religi- 
on } without derogating from the Edids of pacification , and for 
the prefervation of the priviledges of the G^ific^ Church, andre- 
difying the abufes crept into it by means o^SHffragans andCoadjii- 
tars, there be not fnfFercd any multiplication of new Religious or- 
ders J and that Bifhopricks be conferred on perfons of good Fa- 
milies, and fuitable qualifications, both for age and vertue ; Thac 
the courfe of Jufticc be free, and all obfh-uftors of it punifhed i 
and that the Kings Council upon applications made to them, may 
not abrogate any decrees of the Parliament ; but that thofe who 
would fue for relief againft them, do it by the ufual and Legal 
wayes: That no pardon be granted to any Murthercrs: That 
Edids and Ordinances againft Duels be obferved : That the de- 
crees of the Kings Council be more flable, and not reverfeablc 
upon every occafion , either for money or favour : That the exa- 
ftionsand irregularities committed in the Chanceryes of the Par- 
liaments, and Prefidial feats, and Taxes raifed without verifica- 
tion in Parliament be fupprelTed: That all focicties of Coun- 
fellorsof Eftate, Intendants, and other Officers of the F'mancesy 
or Exchequer, together v/ith all partnerfhips, be forbidden : Thac 
all publlck gaming , and tippling-houfes be fupprelTed : Thac 
provifion be made againft the abufcs of treafurers, and the ofFcn- 
^ors punifhed 5 and thac the excefs of rewards be moderated s 
That the Government of the Exchequer be intrufled but to a few 
perfons, as in the time of the late King: That the profufion o£ 
the treafures may be compued from this^ that the Revenue is grea- 
ter now, than in the late Kings time , who fpent every yeare in 
buildings and other expences» now taken ofF,three millions of Li- 
vers, and laid up two millions s that if thofe five millions had 
been laid up every yeare fincc his death, there would be in the 
Treafury twenty millions; bcfides the fourteen millions he lefc 
shere, which, to the great regret of all good French men , are 
jiowconfumcd^ extravagancies of fuch a nature^ as will quickly 


i8 The iMemoms oftheDuke o/Rohan. Book 1. 

tcni a begging) if not remedied ; which cannot be but by a 
iidd inquiry into the ad ions of thofethac have been guilty of 
thefemale-adminiftrationsjofwhich they know their Majefties to 
hz intirely innocent : Wherefore they moft humbly implore their 
leave, to put in execution their decree made in M^rchyont thou- 
land fix hundred and fifteen) promifing to d:fclofe to them 
things of great concernments to the State, whicfe are yet h;dden 
from them 5 by means of which , provifion may be made for pre- 
vention of all thefe dlforders : But in cafe that the evil Counfels^ 
and crafcy Artifices of perfons interefled herein, fiiall hinder 
thefe R.emonftrances of a faire reception, the faid Parliament fo- 
iemnly protefiiS) That for the difcharge of their confcicnccs, for 
the fervice of their Majefties, and prefervatlon of the State , they 
IKiU be obliged hereafter to nominate freely the Authors of thefe 
abufcs, and lay open to the wotld their wicked comportmec,J;s > 
that remedies may be J^pplye4 in due feafon, when the affairs wiU 
more conveniently admit of them;} and his Majcfty fhall pleafc to 
take betternotice of them. 

This Remonftrance wrought the defigned cfFed 5 procuring 
the Parliament a {harp check, and affeftionating theni fo much 
che more to the Prince his party ; Hence enfucd great animofities 
and very liberal difcourfes of all fides i and prefently after, came 
Letters from the Vrliee to the Kjng-i the C^een. , and all the 
Grandeesbothof the Court and Parliament, together with hi« 
Declaration) which refuming the bufinefs from before the War of 
Saint Menehmldy complaines of the irregularities in the eleftions 
cf the Deputies for the States general, of the elufion of the Ar- 
ticle propofed by the third Eftate or Commons , for fecuring the 
IHe and authority of the King, againftthe defignes of the Pope; 
pf the exceflxve Offices and exorbitant power of theMarfhal d*A)in 
ere y and his extravagancies in the adminlftratipn of them, pre- 
suming CO def)rive the Princes of their governments, and procuring 
Lawsoppreffive to the people, for the fatisfying of his own ava- 
rice, and ambition,) difpofing of a !l the Qfiices of the Kingdome, 
as^vell Ecclefiaftical as Temporal, infringing the liberty of the^ 
States, to which the Prince was forbid ar\ accefs, caufing the 
Parliament of Varis to receive a fmart reproof for their Remon- 
flrance; concluding the n^arriagcs with 5/?^i«c', without (;ommu- 
nicating the bufinefs to thofe it ought to be imparted to , by fuch 
pa^ices flighting and deferring the Ancient AUyes cf ^hc Crown, 
and among others the Duke of S.t^'(5>' ; who, to the great dillio- 
nour of France , Is fufFered to be trampled in the duft ; caufing a> 
refufal of the propofitions made by the Nobility to the States, for 
die obfervation of the Edifts of JPacification j attempting to in;* 

Book L The Memoir es of the Bfike of l^ohia, 2p 

duce the Clergy of Trance to fwcare an entire obfervancc of the 
Council of Trent : That it was moft unreafonable that the Mar- 
ihal d^ Jficre, the Chancellour, the Commander de SiUery^Bul- 
liony and Dele, Authoursof ailthefe vioJent adidns , and mif- 
chievous Counfclsj Ihouldbe maintained in fuch an unlimited 
power : The Prince alfo further demanded, that before they pro- 
ceed to a confummation of the marriages with Spainc, Tome coiufc 
be taken for regulating the Counfels, and reforming, and compo- 
sing the abufesand difordcrs in the State : Afcout which, he had 
feveral conferences with ViUeroy^ to attiufe and intrap him , ra- 
ther than out of an intention to contrive any remedies for them : 
At length upon the Summons given him by Fontchartrai?ie , to the 
voyage into Gmenne to confummate the Marriages 5 fore feeing 
thence the wrack of his hopes, and pretences of a good Reformati- 
on, he declares that the Armeshe hadraifed, had no other aifnc 
than the prefervationof the Kings authority, and the gIory,and ho- 
nour of the Nation, inviting all good Trench men,both of the one, 
and the other i?cligionto joyn with him, and all the Ancient Al^ 
iyes of the Crown,to favour him in fo good a defign. 

When the Prince had publifhed this Declaration, he made his 
Levyes in Trance and Germany , and took his Canon at Sedan : 
The King alfo raifed an Army of ten thoufand Foot, and fifteen 
hundred Horfe, Commanded by the Marfhal de hois-Dauphin, to 
Oppofe the difcontents , and with other Troops fets forward to- 
wards Gmnne , attended on by the Duke of Gu'ife , who was to 
conduft Madame the Kings iifter to the Frontieres of Spaine , 
and thereto receive the Ufanca , and waite on her back to the 

. In the mean time the Prince earneftly follicltes the AflTembly at 
Grenoble^ by his Agent La Hay , who delivers them his Man'fcfioy 
and ihews them the advantages would redound to thofe of the Re- 
ligion, in cafe the Aflembly would comply with him in reforming 
the State, and oppofing the matches with Spaine j and further en- 
gages himfelf not to conclude any thingjbut by their advice. The 
Prince his party, nor their adherents, durft not open their moUths 
to fecond this motion 5 But yet the others imagining that from 
fo important an opportunity they might with good reafon derive 
ilror^ hopes of obtaining fome favour from the King? they depu- 
ted ^/^/^c^a^t: , Desbordes-Mercier, zndMailleray, to him, who 
found him at Toiiis, and prefented to him five and twenty Articles 
of greatefl confequence to their Interefls , humbly fupplicatin^ 
him to vouchfafe them fome fatisfadion thereupon. Of thefe De- 
puties, Desbordes-Mercier was of the Prince his faftion, the other 
swo were of the fame opinion with the Duke of Rchan.^ who 


50 The dfemoires of the Bake e?/ Rohan; Book f; 

chought the firft equally aflPefted to him with the others; of whofc 
abilities being very confciousj herepofcdan entire confidence in 
him : He received Letters from him from Pointers , which gave 
him notice of their diiTatisfaftionj and urged him ro a conjun- 
ftion with the Prince , afluririg him that the AlTembly would be 
fvell fatisfied with it, and alfo do the like themfelves : The other 
two Deputies governed by this? joyned in this intelligence, infor- 
ming him moreover, how much their Majefties flighted the Af- 
fembly, fo that adding to this, the refufal made him of the Sur- 
vivance, or Reverfion of the Government ©f Poi^ou, ( to which 
his father-in-law had given his confent ) contrary to the folemne 
promifes paflfed to him for it ; together with the perfwafions oi his 
iarother the Duke of S6ubi-7^i who was well afFefted to the Princc^^ 
he began to ftagger a little : Be fides, in his return to Samp\ 
^ohfi , from Saint Maixam , where he had been to fee the Duke 
cf SuUy, he met a Gemleman belonging to the Count of Saint 
VaiiU who defired his afliftance to oppofe the Marriages with 
Spaine, and was feconded by S'^iw/ ^i'a^cly Savignac, and Dora- 
dshcr , who in the name of all the Governours , and Nobility of 
the Religion, follicited the fame thing, andchofehim for their 
GcneraljConfirming him with an alTurancejthat the Count of Saiu 
Vaul would deliver up Fronfac to La Forces as a pledge for the per- 
formance of his word. 

The accumulation of all thefe things, to wit, the hope of 
Redeeming himfelf from the negleft and flights lately thrown upon 
him; theloUicitationof his brother, together with the defirche 
had tofervethofeofthe 2?eligion, overpoifed his former refolu- 
tions, and fent him into Guienne, where he found that the Count 
of Saint Pauly with the Romilh Catholicks , had made their 
peace, and a great confufion among thofe of the Religion ; ne- 
verthelefs , having gotten together La Torce^ Bdijfe-Pardaillan , 
Cbasieau-ncuf, Pavas, and Pami[fam , with others of the Reli- 
gion, it was refolved, that they fhould make ufe of the Icafure af- 
forded them by the Kings fl:ay at PoiQ;'iers y occafioned by the 
ficknefs of Madame the Princefs , to prepare for a War j feeding 
themfelves with hopes to raifc an Army of fix thoufand Foot, 
and five hundred Horfe , which at their firfl: /^endezvouz amoun- 
ted but to fix hundred Foot, and fifty Horfe j nor could all their 
power ever bring morejthan two thoufand men together 3 fo that 
the King eafily, and without any interruption got to Bonrdeaux y 
whence the ^iteen Mother dli^paichcdChefmy to the Duke of Ko- 
hariy with very fair offers, upon condition that he would joyne 
with her : But neither hcj nox Bois-de Cargois , who was depu- 
ted from the AlTembly with the like Comraiffion a could get any 


Book I. The Memoir es of the Dnke of Rohan J 3 1 

*>cher anfwer from himj than. That he would not faite to make 
good bis word J where he had engaged it : But this failing, thr 
^ueen. endeavours to rake cfT La Force,it\^ Boijfe-VardailLm from. 
him ; As for the former? he conceived himfelf obJig'd to 
the defence of Beam , and the other pcrfifted in his inte- 

The Duke of KoharCs chiefeft care now was to engage in the 
party he had embraced, all the Towns, and Communalties of 
the Religion, together with the A iTembly General, whom by ck- 
prefs Meffengers, he advertifesj that upon the refufal of favou- 
rable anfwers to their propofitions , and the earneft follicitations 
of their Deputies, he had now declared in Gmme , and his bro- 
ther in Voi^oUi perf vading them to own their adions, and ad- 
here to the Prince : The Duke of SmU-^ey who had ftaid at Sa^ns 
^hn duringthe Kings abode at Poi^i^^y, immediately after his 
departure, makes his levyes in Po/^«« , ^an^Xaintrnge^ andfud- 
denly took the field with four thoufand good Foot, and five hundred 
Horfe 5 which were very opportunely ready to receive the Prince at 
his arrival there. 

In the mean time the Duke of G;^i/^ condufts the Vmucffe 
towards Spaine , and brings thence the Infanta 5 whofe voyage 
afforded the Duke of Kohan. the opportunity to feizc upon Le- 
ilouYy by the affiflance of Fonterailles , who let him into the 
Town, where, when he was entered , he befieged the Caflle , 
and forced it to furrender , before the Duke of Gmfe could re- 
lieve it, orthe AlTembly ofthe higher Langi^e doc interrupt his de- 
sign : Fromthence he marches to i^erdim and Mmvo/in, which 
he could by no means draw to his party ; and thence to Montau^- 
bancy which, though with much reluftancy, he got to declare foe 
him : In this March he met with the Duke of Can-dale , who dis- 
covered to him his intention of embracing the Refomied Religi- 
on 5 after mutual complements they part, and the Duke of !?<?- 
han. keeps on his way towards Langnedoc , to the Affembly, who 
by reafon they had not the freedomc they expedcd at Grenoble , 
were adjourned to Nifmes , where his dexterous endeavours had 
fuch happy fuccefs, that raaugre the power of C hap lion , which 
ihevertueof his Anceftors had acquired him; he deflioyed all 
his credit with them, made himfelf be acknowledged General 06 
the Seuencs , and fo prevailed upon the Affembly , that all the 
oppofition Chafiil/on could make in it, or in La}7gmddC , could noc 
hinder their conjimftion with the Prince ; whofe Vanifans feeing 
tl\emfelves backed by the Dukes of Rohan ^ SnUy , and Soubr^e , 
at that time carried all before them ; and Desbordes-Mcrcier ^ 
Cfiifel , and Novialls ^ were deputed to carry the Aft of Union 


j2 TheMemolresoffheDHJ^eofRohzn. Book I; 

Co the Pf incejand get his fignature to the Articles agreed on; whofe 
fubflance was , 

< ■ -^ ■• 
Ta oppofe the reception of the Comcil ff/Trent 3 and the marriages 

with Spain. 

Toprocwre a reformation of the Coumh atid. ra obfervntion. of the 

EdiSis made in favour of thofe of the Religion j and that they 

[hoUld not defert one another ,lay down their Armesy mr hearken 

^ to any pacifications bitt by a mutftal cofifent ^ 

fit Montauban heard the Duke the firft news from the Prince , 
ehough he had difparched fevcral MefTengcrs to him $ and thither 
hefenthimword, That, nptwithftanding the cppofition of a 
/Irong and well-marrtialled Army, he had pafTed the Rivers of 
il/^rafjS'mz^, and the Loir^ 5 and that having gotten the flare 
of the adverle Army? he was now marching to joyn with him in 
Gidenne y defiring him to march towards the Dor^^^^ 5 and for 
the fecurity of his paflage, poflefs himfelf of fome places upon 
that River; which he quickly did 3 taking among others, SoU* 
iliac , one of the beft paflfes on it , and beating up the Quarters of 
the Count oiLaw^jtne's Regiment that was barricado'd in two great 

But the Prince, inftead of that, took the way o^Poiftoih where 
he very feafonably met with the Duke of Sonbi^e ; for he was very 
weak in Foot, and his whole Army fo haraffed , that had not 
the Town of Saint ^ohn received him, and the Duke of Sally 
at Icngthj with much ado jeyned with him, caufing alfo all the 
places he held in Poison, to declare for his party, he would have 
been but in a fad condition. 

In the mean while their Ma j eft ies return towards Tour^ , the 
Duke of Guife commanding the Army of the Marihal de Bok 
Vaii-phin-i and the Duke d' Efperno-t ^ with another, having the 
charge of their condud : All thefe conjun£iions with the Prince, 
raifed him from the contempt he lay under , to fo confiderable a 
height in the opinions of his Adversaries, that he is now fued to for 
an accommodation. 

Now it is to be undcrftood that the Marflial BoiiiUon and the 
Duke oiMayne^tin^, more ftridly ligued, and of greater intima- 
cy with the Prince than any of the whole party befides, and con- 
fequently more fought after by the Court, refolved to have a 
peace, and purchafe their own conditions at the expence of the 
whole confederacy : In order to which,a Ceflation of armes is a- - 
greed on; ani the Town of Londm made choice, ot for the place 
of Treaty j Invitations were fent alfo to the Afiembly General , 

Book I. The CMemolres of the Duks 0/ Robin. ^ ^ 

to draw as near to them as S.ti«f F(?y , where the Marilial Bou'. 
itlori was in great reputation ; But the Duke of beinaad • 
Vertircd by his brother of all their plots, difcovcrcd co hlsfifenJs 
inthe Aflemblythewholcmyftery, and let them know, that k 
were expedient the Allembly ilioLild inllamly remove 10 Kocbill^ 
where their authority would be greater, and their ftren^th mere 
confiderablejand that for his pat: he was refolved to go co'che Tro<i- 
ty, though not fummoned to it,kaving Boejfe Y^ardalU.iU^B. his ab- 
Itnce to command in G/-/if;2«:c'. : 

Before we proceed to the particularities of the Treaty, there 
are two very obfervable things to be taken notice of. The fiift 
was the Duke of Nevers _\\\s armings without declaring for either 
fide , but pretending as a Mediatour to enforce bo-ch parties to an 
accommodation? outof an appiehenfion he mig'it give them to 
fway the ballance on chat (ide he fli-juid incime to; A thing 
feafableby the Kino; of £;2^/.i<^i(^3 or of Spune-, but a ridiculous 
attempt for him. The oth:r was nxhingmore Judicious,and that 
wasa refemblmg action oftheD.ikvi of J^cit-ofries, who by the 
King'i Comm'idlons hadraifed a confiderable force , but joyncd 
not wich the Prince till after the trucej fo that, he fcrvcd for no« 
Jhing hut to in'iaimce the conditions of ch-it party he djclared f«r, 
and fruftrating himfclf of all means to make his own , being pf 
Himfelf not conlTderable, attrads to himlelf the odium and malig- 
nity borne to the whole party. ' , . - 
At this Treairy there were prefect of the K;ni];s parr, th: Mar- 
itiil BdaJfaCjl^iUeroy J the Prclidv°nt d' Tho/t y a' Vk , and Po/it^ 
chartrains , who feduloufly fought by fowing diviiicns among 
them, to weaken the confederates, .and confequendy Icilen thcli: » 
conditions: The P.ince, weary of the War , pretends nothing 
but a define of peace , renouncing in appearance , all further 
thoughts of the publick affairs , and demanding only a fatisfadi- 
on of the interefts of particular perfons 5 but refolving principal- 
ly to find his own there too : He had ingaged to the Duke of 
y.n. iofme , not to confent to any p.eace , unlefs he had the Cail:le 
of N-^^t?s given him: To ihe. Duke, ot Longucville he promlfcd 
the Cht^idcU of Amiens , and to thcfe of the Religion, a confir- 
mation of the Edids : But when. the Duke of M^yiie , and the 
Mirihal Bouillon were arrived at their. ends,'th'.'y quitted all 
thoughts, but how to make :he reft relinquifli theirs', to effcft 
which} they ufed all manner of Artifices, the moft crafty and 
pregnant inventions could furnifK them with : But the admirable 
conftancy of the AfTernbly General at Kochelly and rhe firm union 
between the other Grandees, threw infaperable difficulties in the . 
way CO their defigns^ D Bus 

3 4 '^'^^ Mtmoires of the Bnke of Rohan. Book I, 

But In the mid'ft of thefe trahfadions, "tfe.c Prince falls defpe* 
rately fick , which caufed a great confiifion among them all? ana 
made them more follicitous to have this affair d if patched : The 
Duke of Sally wasdefiredto goto the AfTemWy, and reprcfenc 
to them the dangers, that attended the prefent condition of things^ 
whence he returned, with a full aflUrance of their good inclinati- 
ons to peace j which three daycs after, they confirmed by ten 
Deputies they fent with an cxprefs charge to fupercede all former 
'demands J that might retard the concluiion of the Treaty; con- 
fining themfelvesto anobtention only of all expedients, necefla- 
ry to confirm and fecure to them their former Conccflions ; A- 
mong which were the continuation of the AfTcmbly where it was? 
iinrill the verification of the Edid ; the disbanding *of the Ar- 
iriyes; the reftitution of Tartas ; and the difpatch of the Com- 
liiifTioncrs appointed to put the EdiA in execution j according as 
the Duke of Sully had promifed them in the Princes name; which 
he clearly made appeare by his inftruftions , when the Prince re- 
ceded from the aforefaid promife : But the King*s Commiflioners 
encouraged under hand 5 infifted eagerly on the diflolution of 
the AlTcmbly , which had like to have broken all , had not the 
Duke of Sully , pregnant in evafions to prcveat mifchiefs^ firm- 
Jy perfifted in his endeavours to compole the bufinefs , offering 
another Writing to the Commiflioners j which they approved of> 
and defired hini to procure the Deputies of the Aflembly their af- ] 
fent to it alfo , which, with the affiftance of rhe Dukes of Kohatty 
Cajtdale, and Soubi'^e , he fo happily endeavoured , that they ] 
aflfented to it , upon condition, that there might be an alteration I 
©f fome tcrmes ; And forafmuch as the Commiflion of the Depu- ] 
ties was too reftriftive , they joyntlj fent an exprefs to Remon* 
ftrate to the Alfembly the necemty of terminating this affaire, 
and to that end defirefuch an enlargement of their power, as 
fho'uld oblige them to ratifie what they fl\ould conclude in their 
names , and with ihe advice of the Grandees of the Religion: 
The Djke of S////y thinking he had now finifhed all, carries the 
faid Writing to the King's Commlflioners , with whom were pre- 
fent the D.ikes of A''^^'^/-'^ , Maine, and Bo 'i /fa , who all con- 
firmed it , and after them rhe Deputies alfo:- But when he retur- 
ned with it again to the Commiflioners , ihey dcnyed what they 
had done ; but yet as the Duke was going from them , rhey re- 
called him againe 5 and after much conteflation came once', 
more ro an agreement* After which they all met at the Duke • 
<jf Nevers his Lodgings > who treated the whole company at 
Dinner 3 where the King's CommifTioners > for the third rimc> 
f6 akcied the Writing? that there was noihing left of irsfirft; 


J5 ook I. The CMcrf^otres of the Dnks ^/RobaHo ; ^ 

dc/ign 5 for which reafon the Dwke of Sully would no more 
tiouble himfelf with it. . 

.Whercupen the Prince caiifed the Grandees to be oiled ra 

/Tgnthe Peace; he was yet fo ill that he could neither unde.- 

Hand it, when it was read , nor comprehend the dimcukies vtc 

to be furinountcd : Neverrhelefs he called the Duke of Sully'' t^ 

Icnow what hindered the figning of it , which being told him, he 

calls yil/eroy , and having whifpered fomething to fiira fery fofc-. 

iy, prefently declares to the Duke of 5".'.'i(y, that y^Jlcroy had 2,1- 

venhlmthe Writing jull as it was at firll: dcfigned with the ad^ 

vice and confent of the Duke ; and without expeding the An -- 

fvver of the Aflfembly , or any reafcn to the contrary , iigned it ; 

Whereupon the Duke of BuUfllon had many fharp ccntefts, real, 

or pretended, and delufory 5 with yiUcroy > for that he defircd[ 

that the Engliih Embafladour,who had been a great inftrument of 

the Peace, fliould fign it too, which the other oppofed as a thins^ 

neither handfome, nor honorable for the King to fufrer. 

This precipitate ligning of the Peace by the Prince , cccaff- 
oned great and general murmurings among the reft of the Party, 
that faw themfelves thus deferred by thofe that were the Authors 
ofthe Warre : Aad the Duke of Bouillon ^ to enhaunce tho. 
price of the fcrvices he had done the King, bitterly invel^lis a- 
galnft the Aflembly , branding them, and all that fliould abet 
them, with the name of Rebells i offered to march agamfl thcnb 
and declared that he fliould efleem for eaemiesto the State , all 
thofe that upon any pretence whatfoever, fliould refufe to figne 
the peace ; But neither his, nor the threats of the Commiflio- 
ners prevailed ought upon the others conflancy. And t^caufe 
this b; angling was a difturbance to the Prince, the whole com- 
pany removed to the Countefs of Sd'iffons Lodgings , where e- 
very one 5 all other difficulties being cleared , to avoid 
difputes for the precedency , fubfcribed his approbation a- 
part , and nonej but the Prince, and the Deputies, figned the 

But when all was done, this War wrought no alteration at 
all in the publick affairs , but what was procured by thofe of the 
King's party, whomade ufeof thisoccaiion to revenge them- 
.-i^ves upon their enemies : So ylUeroy, and the Prefident ^anhf^ 
yvhomthcChancellour de Silleyy had formerly put by , that he 
might have the folc adminiftration of all affaires, caufed thefeals 
to be taken from him , and committed to the Prefident Du Valr : 
But Villeroy nothing advantaged himfelf hereby; for the Marfhai 
d* Ancre^ conceiving a jealoufie, that at the Treaty he held cor- 
r^rponicnce with the contrary party, to out him ofthe Cittadeli of 

X} % AmUns. 

3 6 The Mcmo'irei of the VhI^ of RohanJ EookJ. 

'Amicn-s, caufed his Office ©f Secretary of State j to be given to 

When this bu finefs was thus concluded, every one departed, 
but diverfely affcded , and very ill fatisfied one with another ; 
and the next day came the full power from the Aflembly to their 
Deputies to conclude the Peace. The Marfhal Bouillon , and the 
Duke of Trimouille , to infinuate themfelvesthe more into the 
King's favour 5 engaged themfelves to the CommiffionerSj by an 
Act under their hands and feals , to rout the Affembly , and all 
that fhould prefumeto juftifiethem , in cafe they refufed to dif- 
folve, after the fix weeks prorogation accorded them, was ex- 

If the number of the d fcontcnrs en the Princes fide was great , 
it was not Jefs en the other : The favour of the Marfhal d' Jme 
was more infuppoi table to thofe, that upheld, than thofe that op- 
pofedhim: andhealfo perceiving himfelf more tyrannifed by 
his creatures, than his enemies, made the late reconciled party 
believe he would enter into a firm and ftrid amity with them j 
which the Duke of Giiife fufpefting , he alfo, to crcfs the Mar- 
fhal d" An.CYe\ aimcsjfeeks after an union with them too ; And 
in order to it, makes his applications to the Marthal Bouillon y 
who fed him flill with very fair words, and hopes, that in cafe he 
failed of his end at the Court , he might have a good occafion to 
intangle it in new perplexities. 

Some dayes before the concluiion of the Peace , it was pro- 
pofed in the Prince his Council , that the Grandees of his party 
fhould enter into an inviolable T^eaguc amongft themfelves, that 
twoof them fhould alwayes in their turns, refide at Court, whi- 
left the others kept at a greater diflance from it j and that every 
one of them fhould embrace the particular interefts of the others; 
ThtMa.riha.\Bo!iillon rejeftedthatPropofition, asunfeafbnable > 
for that y having occafion to dif-oblige the greateft part of them , 
heforefawthis might difcover his intentions ; and befides , he 
was yet defirous to derive his advantage from the merits , and e- 
fleera of his fervices : But after the Treaty was concluded , him- 
felf renewed the former propofal , which was then alfo as unfea- 
fonible, bccaufe their mmds were now too much varied from what 
they were, and they fo jealous one.of anotheijthat every one fleer- 
ed his courfc bv his own particular intereft. 

The Prince went to take poflefTion of the government of ^cr- 
yy? given him in exchange for that of Guicrme ^ The Duke of 
Mayue y and the Marfhal Bouillon to the Court, to try how the 
pulfes beat theie, but principally ro reap the fruit of their fer- 
vic-esj The Duke of W/y to his government cf P('/^()v ; The 


Book I. The CMcmolres of the Dtike ef Rohan. ^ 7 

Duke of Man. to Roche U , ro inform the AfTerably of what had 
pafled at the treaty o^Londm, and 10 procure a nomination of 
good Deputies general : But the Court Catall bein^ uni- 
ted with the P-ince his faftion 3 and the hopes of favour, 
gratifications^ and pcnfions, he gave to th ofe that ftiould incline 
to his will wholly governed them^ fo that BctheviltCitind M.iimld 
v/ere chofen. 

The Duke of Kohan. feeing how he was hated at Court, and 
that the fuccefs of all things thwarted his projeftion , refolvesto 
makeanEflay upon the Duke o^ Sully for the government of 
Poicioii , ofwhom whcnhehad obtained ademiffionof it , his 
Patents were prepared 5 according to the tenor of the Articles of 
the TreatyjUpon condition that he fhould go to receive them ac 
Court 5 which he refolved to do ; and there delivers himfelf free- 
ly to the ^uecfi , telling her? that the flights flie had thrown up- 
on him 5 had induced him to let her Majefty know , that he was 
neither voide of refentmems 5 nor dcflitute of power; that, ic 
was true, hehadferVed and obliged a moft ingrateful pcrfon, 
which he was very fenfible of, and that if l"he pleafed to vouch- 
fafe him a pardon > and amnefty for his adlons againft her , and 
'admit him again to her favour j he vowed that except the party of 
the Religion, he would devote his mofT: faithful fervices to her? a- 
gainft all the world befides; of which offer and profeflation fli3 
reft ified her belief by her acceptance of it. 

But to return tothe Marflial BoniHotj he employed the ut- 

termoft ftrength of his whole abilities to gain an admilTion to the 

helm of State, declaring that he was the only man could, at his 

pleafure, rule? and difpofe of the Prince , who wasalfothe only 

pcrfon could prej;idice the authority of the ^^ecn , and that con- 

fequentlyhis fatisfaftion , and employment would free them from 

any further apprehenfionsjwhatfoevcr ; But the Marfhal a' Aji^ 

c d who had ingrofled all the pov/er , being the only Favourite , 

and intended to change the whole Council 5 to plnce therein 

creatures of his own, thought it not convenient to fuffer the intro- 

dudion of fuch a one; which the other perceiving,ftuffs, the Princes 

head with new jealoufies , to prevent his returne to the 

Court. , 

There were the Countefs of Soijfons ofthe one fide, and the 
Princefs of Cosde of the other 3 that extreamly rejoyced at the 
report of the Prince his intentions to return thither ; but all ( fo 
j.ealous were they one of another j agreed to divert him from 
them, unlefs It was by theit means that he came; which he 
kno.ving very well , waved them.aU, and by the mediation qf 
^cf^?/(jr/ , andthe Arch-B;{hopof jBi^/z/i'^s fecrecly made his 




;;S Th (Jl{c7^jp'iresofiheT>/^.ke of Roh2in, Book I 

peace witH the ^^eat , fixing himrelf upon her , and to protc 
theMirfhal d* Ancre -i with the excluficn of his own party ; pro- 
vided he m'l^ht be folelyintr lifted with the management ot ohc 
publick affaiis 3 and made Chief of the Council of the Re- 

ComiRg to V.irls againft the good liking of thofe afore- mcn> 
cionedj he was welcomed with loud acclamations, and applau- 
Ics J and refumed a great power in the State : The Duke of Ro^ 
iuTt^ with the •^«cr«j pcrmiflion, gave him a vifit , and fliarp- 
ly reproached him for fif^ninc^the Peace, without expecting the 
Commifilon from the AfTemMy s which he excufed, faying, that 
he was induced to icby anapprehenlionhe had , left the Duke 
fhouldhind.r t'leir grrmting it ; and u^icn he afterwards under- 
ftood that he wasreOoredtorhe <^ccns favour, he told him he 
tvasvery glad of it, fortha' hehad now brought no other re- 
folutions with him , but to enjoy himfelf, mind his own affairs, 
and no more to intermeddle in any fadions , but entirely to ad- 
here to the Kr'ig-, the ^em ^ and the Marfhal ^i' Ancre : And 
when the dififatisifaftion ot the Great ones, and principally of the 
Marfhal BGiiUlor!--, whowas fuppofcdto have an abfolute power 
over him 3 was objeftedto him 5 his anfwcrwas , That he now 
very well perceived his drift, and the fubtleties heufcd to pcr- 
fuade him, that the welfare of the State conlifted either in peace or 
War, according as he was plcafed, or difpleafed, and that he would 
no more ftcop 1:0 that Lure. 

On the other fide, the Marfhal 'BGuUlon thoughhe faw him- 
fclf quite caftctF, defpairsnot, but for fear of exafperating 
him, coverfthedifpleafure he had conceived againft the Prince , 
with a feeniing approbation of all that he had done ; and rJiat his 
Counfels might be of greater validity with him, draws the Duke 
of Guife i with his brothers, and the Duke of Never ^^ into an 
union with thofe of his party, taking advantage of the Parlia- 
ments, zn^Varifans hatred agaJnft the Marftial d' Ancre^ and 
by the means of Luhies ^ who now began to be the fole Favou-' 
rite, cxpofeshim to the King's alfo ; and communicated to ma- 
ny of the prime Nobility his defign to fecure the Court by the 
death of the Marfhal d' Ancre , who had bartered away the 
King's Lieutenancies in V'lcardy ^ and the Chtndel of Amims , 
together \v\i\\ that of Nermandy , which the Duke of Mohtba^or^ 
had , and refeived to himfelf the government of Veromie , Mont-- 
didier r> and Koye : 'Jhi:'D\x\it oi Lcngucvillc , enraged to fee 
Tilmfelf difappointed of >^wit;zr, and the reft of V'tcardy ^ pur- 
fueshls defign > loudly proclaims to the world his difcontcnts, an^, 
the Inullrgence he held \v:\h thsTown ofPs-T^'J/^^j enters it? and 

;■ • ■ > ■■ ■ - polSiTe: 

Book I. The i^emotres of the Dnke of ^oh^n. gp 

poflelTcshimfelf oftheCaftle, before anyone could ftir to pr?^^ 
vent him. Mangot , the new made Secretary oc State in the 
place of Villeroy , is fent thither by the King , but to no purpofc> 
for th*t the Caftle was already delivered : At his return from 
this ruccefTclefs voyage 3 the King j being advifed to handle this 
bafinefs with all gcntlenefs pofTiblea fends the Mar flial So/ij^ov, 
who tnade two journyes thither 3 but brought not back the fatlf- 
faftioDj wasdefiredi and Indeed his own particular aime was to 
confirm the Duke in his conqueft , to the end that he might en- 
gage him, and his friends, in the delign he ftill purfued. And 
one day, having affembled the chiefcft of his Confederates, to 
confult about the killing of the Marfhal d' Aucre , the Duke o£ 
Maine ^ who was fuppofed to be the moft zealous in the bufinefs, 
offered :o kill him himfelfjprovided that thePrlnce would be there, 
and that it was neceflary to know his refolutlon therein; the 
Marfhal BoaiUon. rcplyed , That they ought to beware of that, 
but that he would undertake to make the Prince avow the adi- 
on when It was executed , but that it was dangerous to impart ic 
to him before, and that he fhould not by any means have any 
notice of it, till it were ready to be put in execution, that he 
might not have leafure to retrad : But the obftlnacy of the Duke 
oi Maine carried it, and the Prince when he was acquainted 
with what they had refolved en , whether it was , that he feared 
the iflueof it , or that for this once he would be a man of his 
word, that very Evening let the Mirfhal a^ Ancre know, by 
the Arch-Bifhop of Bourges , that he could by no means abandon 
the Duke of Longueville , and that he revoked the proraife he 
had made to protedhlm; Whereupon the Marfhal , the fame 
night polled into Normaady^ and there feeing himfelf forfaken 
by the Prince, andmany of the Great ones , combined to alfaulc 
him in the Court it felf , contrived how he might prevent them • 
Informs the ^feen by fome of his Confidents 5 that the ^rir.ce 
deceives her , that the Marfhal Bouillon amufes her , that many 
of the great Nobility were refolred to deveft her of her au|hority, 
and that the bufinefs was already come tofach a point , that fhc 
had no other remedy left her, but to feize upon their perfons; 
on which flie refolved , with M.mgdt the Bifliop of Lucon y and 
Bxtbin , creatures of the Marfhal : And on the fiift day of 5"^- 
ptemher , upon a Thurfday at noon, was the Prince arreflecj in the 
Louvre, by Themines , who for that aftion was created Marfhal of 
Trance -y and that which is very remarkable in this, is , That up- 
on the fame day of the moneth, and of the week , and at the 
fame hourc was he born : They thought to have furprizcd the 
piikeof Maln^i and the Marfhal £czi///o,'j there alfoj but the 

D4 fov- 

4^ The tpliemoires of the VfikfG fRohin Book 

• ^ormsr lodging near SiUnt An.^hmy\ Gate, had opportunity 
^noagh toefrape; and the other being that day ['one toaSer- 
«iion at ChH,.in.tcn., wasadvifed by his friends to retiun no more 5 
lb they went to Sc/jfon-s y and the Duke of OuifeuinA his brother 
took the fi me. way alfo; Th^Duke of V ndofme a\[o fled to- 
wo-vis'Lit Frrc.y The Duke of /?o/?ir?2 j who at the very begin- 
-rsino; otthefe commotions had quitted the Prince 5 was not how- 
ever without his fears , when he faw hiai carried away by The- 
mi'ies y and rhit immediately upon it Saint Geran. came to eiii- 
quire after him fiora the King. ThiS arrcft caufed a e;reat tu- 
miilc i:i Pjris:^ which was'cncrcafcd by the Prince his Mother, 
ai d miny Gcniicmen , who animated the people of the Suburbs 
x)f Saint Germa'in.e to pkfndcr , and raze the Marfhal d' An-ot's 
. liOufe 5 which they found fo fweet an employmenc , that the pil- 
- iage of itlafted two caves j and indeed great prudence' was itj 
ncttooppoile th.;m in the heat of their fuvy : For the next A:\y 
Cttq.n Colonel of the Regiment of the Guards , with on^^ com; 
pnnyof them, and anorher of the Citizens? eafily took them off 
from chc prey, which in the height of the hurly burly would have 
proved 1 greater difficulty. 

Their Majeflies gave notice of this Mutiny to thofe of the 
Nob;Lry that remained in V^'-is , and likewifeto the ehietefb of 
the Council 5 among whom, the puke of Sully fpjike his mind 
freely , and declaring his di/like of the adion , advifed them to. 
compofe tho'.e differences by the intervention pf the Pope his 
VimcfOy and other EmbafTidours, but To, as that the full pow- 
er to determine all fliould rcmaine ftill in the King, and the 
Queen his Mother. But this Council was difapprovcd, and the 
way of fcrce made choice of : ■ in the mean while the Marfhal 
S<7/iii^5/7 fets all his wits on work , to engage the Duke of Gidfe 
fomewhat further, offering to make him chief of a party 5 where 
he fhould command all that durft dif^^ute the place with him: 
tCilshim mo'cover, that what they did, was to reflore the fiifl 
Prince of the Blood rb his liberty , and , take the King out of the 
hands of theiVIaiTnil a" Ancrc y againft whom theV,eneral ha- 
tred had ev'dentiy appeared by the burnir-g and pillaging of his 
\ houfe in P.n/f, even before the King's face ; phatif they fhould 
fpeedily gather together their friends , and fire all the Mills abouc- 
Vririsy jhev fhonid caufe a greater infurreftion there : But when 
he fawtha: thefc pcrfwafions prevailed nothing upon him, and 
that he was Creating for his return to, Court , where he w^as of- 
fered to Command the K.ns.'s ^rmves ; he then moyed to 
n^u'e h;m florp^d 5 v^vhich the Duke of l,\.iyn.e would not give 



Book I. TheMemotres oftherOi^hofKohm, 41 

Thusallthe Councils of the Mar fhal Bf^U'Uon were rejefted, 
though they were very good^ For , in excremkies , things will 
HOC admit of tedious deliberations 5 and ballancingsof future c- 
vents y an^ many times a raih attempt clofely purfued , meets a 
fortunate fuccefs 5 when circumfpeft.on (infuch a cafe ) ever • 
fails : Which clearly appeared here 5 for the Qu^een having 
drawn the Duke of Giiife and his.brothers > chan2;es the Offi- 
cers of State 3 giving the fcals to M^agot, the Office of Secre- 
tary of State to the Bifhop of Luct-ny the Intendancy of the fi- 
nances ^ or Treafurorihip to ^^?'^i^ 5 appeales all popular tu- 
mults > andby a Declaration} veiifiedin Parliament, crimina- 
lizes all that had abfcnted themfelvcs 5 Raifes feveral armies, 
iand gives the command of that in Champagne to the Duke of 
Giiife 5 that in the Iflc of 'Erance to the Count of AHvergne, and 
having made i^9«/i^''y MsnihAo^ France^ and Governour 06 
■B-erry •> fends him thiiKer ? who fecures the Province , and makes 
hlmfelf Maftei- of the Tower ot BoU'gcs : The Marfhal de Sou- 
viC does the like to the Caftle of Chimn.y which by the treaty of 
Loudim was give^itothe Piince. In the beginning of the yearc 
One thoufand fix hundred and feventeen , the Duke of Gnife 
flormes fome places held by the Duke of Nevers ^ which, with- 
out any great refiftancc made , he takes , and then prepares for 
the fie'ge of Meters. The Count of Auv^rgne alfo takes Vier- 
rcfots , and marches towards SotJJms : And the Duke of Main.e 
attempting to beat up the Quarters of the Duke ot Rohan ^ Co- 
lonel of "the light Horfe-men , in VHlkys-Cotrcts received a 
fhrewd repulfe : In the naean time the Marfhal Biuillon. retiics 
to Sedan , where he endeavours to flrcngthen himfelf with 
fome forraign a0iilance: Thus v/ere the affairs of the Princes 
but in a fad condition , even then when their deliverance appea- 
red by th^ death of the Mirlhal d' Ancre , vvhich occasioning a 
change ot the whqle face of thingSjic will not be impertinent,in this 
place to infert a particular relation of it. 

The unlimited po/vcr of Favourites is the ruine of a State : 
For either they change it themlcives for their own ends ,- or elfe 
ihey give the ambitious opportunities to attempt it , or at lead 
ate they made the pretences of all the difturbances that happen 
in it: For feyen years had the Marftial ^' 4«C''^ furniHied 
trance with fuch pretexts, and that great peoplcjwhom the ra'gn 
of Hen y the great had accuftomed to afubjetfliontothc govern- 
ment of their King himfelf, univerfally hated him , imputinc; 
all their mifchiefs continually to him; So that his death filled 
every one with hopes of an amelioration : But thofe quickly va- 
niihed^ whcnth^yfaw Luimsi amanof aIIleaElexcra(flion3cloa- 
• ' ' ' • • ■ ■ tned 

42 Th (JMemoires of the Dftke of Kohzn, Book I, 

thcdwith his fpciles, anHat the firft: rife advanced to greate'^ 
authority ; who by the paf-time , and delights he Ihevved the 
King in Hunting, and by his low fubmiflions had raifed himfelf 
to the highefl: place in the affeftions of a King > who was then but 
fifteen years old : A Prince very Angular , and jealous of his 
authoj'icy 5 which yet he underftood not at all, and more apt to 
believe the worft, than the beft : It was a matter of no great 
difficulty to perfwadehim, that the Marfhal d' A'U'f^ aimed at 
a power would prejf.idice his , and that the Queen Mother was 
ccjkifenting to it , that fhe might continlie the rains of Govern- 
ment, as in his Minority , in her own hands J For the infolen- 
cies which alwayes accompany great Favourites were exrearne ir^ 
the Marfhal ^ Ancre ; and the Queen Mothers negleft of her 
fonne too apparent : So that Luynes having before hand dealt 
with De.igcn-t the chief Deputy of B^rbm ,' who was Intcfidanc 
of the fin^inces , caufed him that night to entertain the King 
with adifcourfcof the mifchicvous plots were contriving againft: 
him J and out of hopes of fome great advancement , he made 
his treachery againft his Mailer the foundation of the defigne : 
Marclllac , his Afibciate > was he who had formerly betrayed the 
Prince to the Queen 5 and nowbetrayesherto the King: Def. 
fflaris an ordinary Souldier in the King's Guards , had a fhare ia 
this employment too , for that he had been a fervanc to Bran- 
tes y who was brother to Luyncs : In fliort, in the contrivance 
of thIsdelTgn were employed only bafe and infamous perfons; 
but to yityy Captaine of the Guards was the execution of 1% 
commicced , who was commanded to kill the Marfhal , and for 
recompence, was promifedtobemade Marflial of F/*<j;^dr<r; which 
accordingly he performed as he was entring the Louvre : At 
the fame time were arrefled alfo the Marllial d^ Jncre's Lady , 
M^t'f^got ^ theBidiopof L//Cij;z anlBrrbin , and then were the 
Chancellour de SiUery, D,i Fm ^ Keeper of the 5ea1s , ViUeroy^ 
and the prefident J.z.'W« fcnt for to refume their Offices. After 
this wQrc the Queenes guards taken from her , and fome of the 
King's lippointed to wait on her : A Gallery alfo that led from 
her Chamber to a Garden fhe had caufed to be made , was bro- 
ken down J nor was fhe fuffered , without leave , to fee any 
thing , bat the fad converfion of her authority and liber- 
ty , into a lor/ and dcfpicable condition , and miferable fer- 
ritude. , 

ExurefTes were fent into all parts to give notice of this change, 
all hofliliry ceafes , every one returns to the Court , where all 
flrive, who fhould foonefl and mofl impudently renounce that ,' 
^hichbu: four and twenty hours before ^ they adored^ It being 


Book I. The LMemolres of the Duke <?/Rohan. 4 5 
the property of generous fouls only to follow thofc in their ad- 
verfe » v/hotn they honoured ip their more profperous fortune ^ 
The Duke o( Rohan got leave tovifit the Queen-mother , the 
flrength of whofe conftancy was IHU fuperiour to the violence o£ 
her prefTures : And thens feeing himfelf regarded with a frown- 
ing eye , and taking fmall plcauire to fee thofe he had fo lately 
fought againft to be the only welcome perfons , goes into l?ied^ 
mont 5 where he arrived a little after the caking of Verfeily and 
paffing the Summer there , he faw an aftlon worthy co be ob- 
served , and related. "Don Vcdro de Toledo^ after he had taken 
Vn*/«/j which bad endured a long fiege 5 to refrefli it, divided his 
Army||into Montferrat, and the Dutchy of Milan. , and quarters 
ic about Alexandria ^ a Countrey abounding income, and all 
manner of necelfaries : In the meane while the Duke of Savoy's 
Army recruited , and the Treaty of peace was ftill continued by 
the mediation of the Cardinal Ludovijio on the Pope's behalfj and 
B^^te on the King*s ; ftveral conferences had they with VonVe^ 
dro -3 In the interim of which 5 the Marflial Lcfdigaires , who 
comrraanded the relief fentby the King to the Duke of S^iz'oy , to 
defend his Scates , but not to attempt upon the Duchy of Milafz j 
having fent to difcover how the Spamjh Army lay, made a propo- 
firion to beat up the Quarters of two thoufand men , that lay in 
Fel'U'an , a Village that was but flighciy barricadoed y and feated 
in the middeft of all the other Quarters : proving by many rca- 
fonsj that 5 though at lifirftght the defigne might feeme very 
hazardous) yet really was it not fo 5 for that marching that way 
one night with all his forces , at break of day he beat up that 
Qjartcrj which hindered the Sp/za^^; Armies rallying , and was 
the reafon rhat thofc he had left behinde him 5 having no retreat, 
were utterly lofl. This motion took the wifhed efFed ; For the 
Duke ofSd^oj having appointed his Rendezvous at /^y?, marched 
by a private way 5 which avoided Nice arid La Roque , and came 
to Feliffaa , which was inftantly begirt , and forced ? for they had 
no need of the Canon > which Shombcrg Marfhal of the Camp , 
was bringing up with the Rear-guard , with which he was com- 
manded to take in a Caftle ? to fecure the provifions , which he 
did : The next day was taken a place called ^^atordec'^'m which 
were four hundred fouldiers: The fame day the Duke of Savoy 
gives the Duke oi Rohan, three hundred horfe , to cut ofl- fome 
Cavalry of the eriemies 3 that were coming from -^/£';(r<z;z^r/^ : As 
he was marchrng to execute that defigne , he difcovers 300. horfs 
and iioo.foot marching from Ca'^al to Alexandria; He makes to- 
wards them with his whole party 3 but) notwichftanding he ufed 
all diligence poffibkj he ^ouid not reach them before it was 

' " ■ dark. 

44 The (J^iemoires of t^el>uk£ of Kohm, Book I, 

<3ark> an^that the enemy had Hieltred hioifelfin a veryadvan- 
geous hold y A propofition was then made for the incamping round 
about thein J and fending that night for two thoufand horfe, that 
might be ready there to defeat them by break of day ; and I be- 
lieve this project might have taken ; But the confideration of lea- 
ving the reft of the Infantry at Fe'ijfuft in the middeft of the 
eneraies Quarters , who might eajfiiy beat them up j caufed them 
to^rcfolve upon a retreat : So that after a dayes ftay at Ftliffaiiy 
they marched towards Nice, which they furrounded , and in 
twice four and twenty hours , was the Town forced , and the Ca- 
ft!e furrendrcd 5 in which were near two thoufand fighting men : 
- The next day finding -^-^ i^o^/ze quitted , they purfue thofe that 
were of the garrifon , who were all Swit'^crs , whom they over- 
- took 3 and made prifoners: Thus in the fpace of one week? were 
taken four thoufand fiv:: hundred of the enemies army ; whicli 
being fo weakc:n^d : and the Duke of Savoy finding himfelf to 
be more than twenty thoufand ftrong marching men j had defign- 
ed to enter in to the Duchy oi MlU/iy when lo , from France 
conifs the conclufion of the peace , with a Command to the 
• Klarfhal Lefd'g'uercs to get the Duke of Savofs aflcnt to it? which 
he effedicd : But return we now to the affairs o^ France, 

Liipies feeing that fo fhort a time had vefted him with the en- 
tire fpoyls of a moil eminent Favourites feven years toylejhaving 
the fole infl-ienc;; upon i young Prince of fifteen years old? whofe 
Mother he had mo'r tally off.- nde<i •> being himfelf but of mean 
parentage , and without any fupport in the Kingdom, i^ot ftudied* 
nor any way verfed in S:ate aflriirs? and yet governing all with 
amoft abfo'Ute authority , makes ufe of Deagen^, and M<?ic«:as 
his chief Co.mfcllois ; And the next care he had , was to 
impofe a Confeffor upon the Klng» of an immediate dc- 
pendance upon himfelf , fo to awe him by their fuperftition (a, 
powerful engine to work upon the fpirit of a young Prince } and, 
to place about his perfon petty inconfiderable fellows , who arau- 
fed him with childifn tayes, and kept fo clofe a fiege about his per- 
fon, that none could be admitted fo much as to fpeak to him in 
private: After this he caufed the Queen-niother to be conveyed 
to B//?^, where fhe was moll: ftridly guarded : And then> that 
he might enrich himfelf with her wealth alfo , proceeded to the 
arraignment , and trial of the Marfhal i* Ancre's Ladyj in which 
he ufedfuchunlavfulfollicitations , and took fuch unafual cour- 
^ fes to procure her death j that at her execution^ the former ha- 
tred of thePJA',';.i»y againft her was far exceeded by their paffi- 
cnate commifera.tlon of her prefent calamities ; caufed Ma^goi 
to be confined tohis ownho^^s ? ^^^c Eifiiop of luco-i to be rele- 

iBook I. TheMcmoires^oftheVnl^ofKohzii, ^<; 
gated to >4 "^ig^o;^ 5 and B.i>i;/« was fent to thcB^f/jV/c; and then 
marries the Duke of MoKf^<z\o;2's daughter to ftrengthen hira- 
felt with an Alliance not obnoxious to en vie 5 having for that rea- 
fon refufed the Duke of Vcndofm\ fifler. 

Whenhe had ordered thcfethings after this manner, hecaufed 
to be convened at /?o/ir»^ the mofl eminent of the NobUity? to- 
gthcr with the principal officers of the Pailiamenti. (called the 
iiireinbly of Notables) that without parting fiom the at alU 
he might put Ivmfelf in poiTeflion of the governiriint of Norman- 
fjly where the difunion of the Grandees, their infiddity, and pu- 
fiilanimityjtogether with the lafe and fcrvile Ipirits of the Offi- 
cers and Deputies of the Parliaments, prefent at this Aflembly, 
confirmed the Authority of thi:; upftart Favourite , fo that every 
one yeildingto his yoak , he began now to think himfclf fuifici- 
cnt to difpofe even of Fortune her felf. 

The Duke o^ Ko/;^», who was now allyed to him by his wife, 
who was of his family, courts him too, among the reft, endeavour- 
ing to reconcile him rather to the Q-iecn, than-the Prince, who 
from his Prifon had already fent him Ovetturcs and prcmifeSr 
that in exchange of his liberty, he would fupport him with his 
affiftance , and fixe him in an impregnable condition j He told 
iiim, that he could not Jong, keep them both prifoners ; that he 
that was there before, his advancement cowld have no colour to 
lay his reflraint to his charge j and that it was an eafie matter to 
hinder his deliverance, that the Queens condition was different, 
who one time or other would efcape from himj for though ftie 
were kept alfo under guards, yet was it with more refpeft 3 and 
hot as prifoner j and that fuch guards were not fo fecure : He 
added moreover , that if the Prince regained any power in the: 
State he would be a more dangerous oppoiite than the Q,}_een- 
Mother coidd , that he was of a good wit, quick, highly ambi- 
tiousjand covetousjthat though he was not of a vindicative nature, 
yet was he not obliging neither , nor had he the leafl friendfhip 
for any one J that being not able to detaine thcra both ftill in 
prTon, it was neccfTary he fliould ftrengthen himfelf with the af- 
fiftance of one of thena; and that however he had difpleafed, 
the (^ueen, yet would ftie prove his furer prop > for that flie was 
not fo prone to intermeddle with the aflairs , as the Prince wasi 
and the jealoufics that were i3etween the King and the Queen 
(which he knew well enough how to mould to his ownaavaniage) 
v/ould be his fecurity againft them both j Liiynes Teeming latU- 
fitd with the fe arguments , encoui aged the Duke by all means to 
mediate this reconciliation ; who leaving a fei vant nan ei La Fcr- 
If, who was an intimate 6:iehd' of Larbir^Sj had by that means an 


45 The LMemolrcs of the Duke tf/ Rohan. Boot t 
opportunity to let him know the fervlce he intended to the Queen 
his Miftreire, to which the Duke of MontbaT^riy Mj»w his Father- 
in-law, was alfo much inclined. Barbin^ fl^y the naeans of Bour- 
nortville^ Governour of the B/zi?/7/^5 where he was a prifonerj gave 
the Queen intelligence of what had paiTed, advifing her to write 
letters to the King, Luynts, and to the Duke of Montba':(^n. ; to the 
firft, full of complaints of vindication of her felf, and of relped:; 
to the other two to do her all good offices to the King : tlie 
draughts of which letters were firft carried to the Duke of Kohan-y 
ivho amended them, and corrcfted the acrimony of fome exprefli- 
onsinthem; But theBifliop who was to carry thsfe letters , in 
whom JS^r^i?? greatly confided, proved falfe, and moft perfidloufly 
betrayed the whole plot; yet, according to the inftruiS ions 
he received from Veagcdt, made he feveral journeys to the Queen, 
but with treacherous purpofes to work the ruine of her , and all 
clfe that had a hand in this bufinefle : But feeing that this defign 
tended only to a reconciliation ? and yellded no colourable pre^ 
fences to ground any accufation on, they fl[ie to fubtllties 5 and in 
Bourmnvillt's name, defire a Ring from the Queen, as a teftimony 
of her acceptance of his fervlce , for that being brother-in-law 
to the Maribal V'ltry , he could not otherwifc believe fhe could 
have any good thoughts of him ; .The Q^ueen, though fomewhac 
furprized with this demand, yet could it not raife any jealou Ties 
in her, for that the Bifliop who was employed in all thcfc errands^ 
was a creature of Barbms, made fome difficulty to part with the 
Ring he defired, as unwilling to give any thing that was not wor- 
thy of her, but promifed to have one bought purpofely at Parls^ 
But he iqiportuned her fo much, that fhe took one from one of the 
Ladies attending her, and gave it him: The Bifhop carries it to 
Dfk^^f;?/^, who kept that, and caufed another to be made juft like 
it, which he conveyed to BourmnviUe^ as if fhe had voluntarily^ 
and of her own accord fent it him : After this they infufed jca- 
loufies into the King-sthat the Nobility had a defign to furprize the 
Louvre to introduce the Queen, and rcflablifh her in her former 
. authority, and that all that were of the confpiracy, wore a blew 
Ring on their finger, which was the cognizance of the party :'^ 
And one day fhuts the Duke of Kohan into his chamber > 
where he entertained him with difcourfes, that the King was cer- 
tainly informed that he. was alwayes much devoted to the Queens 
fervice, that he knew all his machinations for that end, and the 
fccret negotiations of LuFeyte-y but of regard of his alliance to 
him, he had prevailed with the King to pardon him, and there- 
fore now it was tic he fhould tell him all; This propofition was 
wichrauchdii"dainercje«fledby the Duke, who replyed, that he 

ik)ok t. TheMemoIresoftheVukeofKoh^in. 47 

was no Informer, and that he was glad they knew his anions whicH 
had no other aime than the King's fervice; that he confelTcihc 
vvasa fcrvanttothe Queen-Mothcr> and that ir was the duty cf 
every good Frenchman fo to be. 

After all thefe contrivances, and many others which neve came 
to my knowledge La Ferte was taken prifoncr , and committed to 
ihc Bafiillei confronted with Barlin^^nd both of them were brought 
to their tryal 5 and notwithftanding the importunate follicitations 
made in favour of them, and were admitted of purpefely to in- 
langle more people, the refult of all was, the depriving BtfW??o»- 
•vUlcoi the Bajiilley the perpetual banifliment of Barbin, and of 
i^Fcr?^ for five years, who, notwithiftanding never ftirred at all 
frorh his Mafter. 

Thefe violent procedures filled the Queen wiih great fears and 
jealoufies, and made her more folicitous to free her felf from this 
captivity, being now well affured that the hopes Luyncs gave her 
of it, fometimesby Cadanety Sometimes by hlode^te were but only 
to amufe her, efpecially when fhefaw that the negotiation of /^r- 
Ttditx the Jefuite and the King's ConfefTour came to nothing ; this 
Jefuiie made the King folemnly fwear at Confeffion, never to dif- 
like what Lfjynes did , nor to meddle himfclf with any State 

Theconfiderationof all thefe things made her at length re- 
folve to work her enlargement 5 and co efFed it, by the advice of 
the Marfhal BdmUon^ ilie made choice of the Duke a* Efpcrn.on.9 
whom £he knew to be a man of great power? valour, and prudence; 
Buthe wasdifpleafed with her, and came to Court with full in- 
tention to fide with the King 5 he muft therefore be brought a- 
bout; which the Qiieens fervants derivJrg much advantage from 
the Favourites ill conduft, very dextroufly performed : And fiill> 
they terrifie Lu-yntf with the great power, and haughty humour of 
the Duke d* Esp^rnon -, qualities not tolerable by one who almes' 
at a general adoration: On the otherfide they exafperate the 
l)uke, who v/as of a touchy nature, and unacmftcmed to a bafe 
and fervile fubjedion : The firft occaficn they took from his at- 
tempts to promote his youngeft fonne to a Cardinalaty for the 
which he was the firft upon the Roll, and received all pofTiblc af- 
furance of it, but was put by, by the cenrrivances of WHleroy^ wiio 
.preferred Marquemont : But '^illcroy dyirg immediately after, he 
continues his purfuit, with great hopes fiill : But the Cardinal de 
^ff^ having made Ce^gf»f 5 and by that means gained i-z/Fiffjcar- 
tied it J but not without obliging himfelf bypromifes uimorthy 
a pcrfon of Cjuaiity, with poor and infamous fubmifiicns, which 
beftiUfoteligioufly obfervcd, that being aftcrwaids n?adc.Prc~ 

48 The Memoir e jf of the Dnke of Rohzn, Book I." 
(laent of the Council, he feemed rather to do the daty of a Depu- 
ty to D^^e^ttf, thanofaCardinah . r j • t 

This was opportunely feconded by another occafion derived 
from the Keeper of the Seals, Du S^ir, who, hurried by his own 
pride, or the inftigation ot thofe thatwere defirous of new trou- 
bles , would needs take place at the Councd-table, of all the 
Dukes and Peers of Frmce : The Duke d' Efieraon. , as the mofl 
ancient that was then there , complains , in the name of all the 
reft , of it to the King^ , who took it ill from him , and the in- 
tereft of the Gown-men,was preferred before that of the Pee; s of 
France : This ftomached him fo, that he brake out into many bitter 
jnvedlves , even againft the King himfelt ; fo that it was no hard 
matter to perfwade him that there was a defigne to fend him to 
the B.tftme, confideringthelatePrefidentsbetore his eyes : The 
Qieensfervants, (who would not difcover any thing ot their in- 
tentions to him while he remained in V^ns) fo handfomely im-^ 
proved his jealoufies, that one morning very early , and ujthouc 
taking leave of anybody, he goes thence to Ai:/^- When he 
was there, Kiiccelay, the whief contriver, and manager of the 
whole proied begins with him, by moving a reconciliation be- 
t.vecnhim, andW Mii fhal Boi^'te ; and then imparts to hiin 
the Queens defigne , with her req left to him , to procure her k^. 
berty , with many large promifes annexed to it, of vvhich , m 
fuch cafes none are fparing : The almoft infupcrable 
and dangers of this cnterprife, together with the ingratKude, the 
iifual recompcnce Princes reward great ferviccs withal , at h, It 
ftartlcd, and caufed fomc hefitation in the Duke of E.permn : But 
then the glory would attend the execution of fo high and noble a 
defigne, the indignation he conceived at the fmall regard was had. 
of him , together with his defire of revenge,' rpaflions predomi- 
nating in alf great courages) overcame all the fuggeftions of his 
•fears : When he hadrefolved on it, he proceeds^in it with tnac 
caution, fccrefie, and crood Fortune, that having made all necef- 
fary provifions for Aie/^, where the Kmg , purpofely to keep him 
at a diftance from the Court, where he feared him, amufed him 
with pretended and imag'iniry defignes, he paflcs through Frmce 
into his oQtfQvv\mimsQ( Xaimonge y and Aftgoul mo ^s y and there 
effeded The Qaeen-Mothers deliverance , on the one rnd t ven- 
tieth of February one thoufand fix hundred and nineteen, who 
cam- from Blois to Lochcs , a place belonging to the Duke, who 
there went to receive herwlchtwoor three hundred Gentlemer;j 
who all conduced her to Ari-goaiefme. ^ 

This efcapc of the Qjecn caufed a great confufion at the 
Court, where it was conceived that her party was much more 


humerous, or that k might quickly fwell to a bigger bufe j whcrfe- 
for€ great preparations were made for war > that tbre cftfuirg pcatc 
iftvight be raor« advantageous : The command of the Anny 10 hs 
fcnt againfV the Queen was given to the Duke of Maytf" ,- who 
was thought CO be the moft an enemy to lier > and moft faithful ro 
Luyntsy and bccaufe it was conceived that It would be acceptable 
rohimy to him alfo was committed the charge of the negotiati- 
on- of Sfffe«»f: Sollicitations werealfo made in the behalf of the 
Bilhop of Lueoti f who till then had remained in exile in Aviga.oTi) 
for his return to the Queen 3 and inforccd with promlfcs made in 
hisiiame, by his brothei; in LavV Voftt CouYlcy , foiiiclihc tlte 
Queen to fuch a peace as fhould ihoot with' the Kind's' defires* and 
alio to fowe jealoufies between the principal aiithori of her de- 
liverance 5 in which he flailed peiiher of his CRdeavoury , nor fuc- 
ccfle. TocKitcclAy , who had as largely contributed to her liber- 
ty as any one 3 left her in difconrent 5 and drew with him the Mar- 
i^tffc of Mauny <i SindThemines , who aftenvards proved one of 
the grcateft enemies totheC^e6n> who found herlelf but In a 
bad condition ro engage in a war? byreaion that rtiany envied 
the gallant adion of the Duke d* EFfe-inon^ ffw would fubmitto 
his imperious humour, and every one believed that all would end 
in ptacejand were therefore unwilling to imbarque in an affair^by 
which they fhould gaihe nothing but the King's dlfpleafure , and 
hatredawhilcft others carried away the glory of the enterprife : For 
which reafon alfo the Duke of Rahan y being fought tb, by thfc 
Queen, fent her word , that he was much troubled that he was 
not privie to , and imployed in the beginning of her defigne; 
which if he had , he would have ferved her moft faithfully ; Biic 
being at Court thes when fhe made her efcape,he was commanded 
by the King to his government olVo'icioin to preferve ic in peactj ? 
that, foi- his part he would do her jlo harmc, but advlfed her to 
make a peaccjin which he was confident BethftH-c would ferve her 7 
and that being in full liberty, and fecurity, {he would have iTicr? 
favorable convenicncics to raife a greater number of fervants an:^ 
friends than at prcfent : Schombcrg did dear c othefwife fortacn- 
deare hirafelf beyond the other Zealots for her ruinejhe laid a plor 
toWowhcr up by firing the Magazine at^\sh.\ch was 
happily difcovered, and prevented. At length v/as a' peace ccri- 
duded , and ziZziTourT was the interview , between the Kin<^ • and 
the Queen-mother , to whom w3sgiy,enothc government of An-^ 
JDu, and for her better fecurity,the C&fkbs is^ Afi-gicrsyront de Ce,' 

Come wc now to the affairs of &drtiy- tke- fourfe and rlfeof' 
•iiwr evils > whi«U wiUrctra^ our yiew as far back as the death 


50 ^^^ Mcnjoires of the Vuk^ of Rohanl Book.L 

of the Marfbal d' Ancre , after which "Du. Van , Keeper of the 
Seals 5 being reftored to his Office ; upon the foUicitatiors of the 
Bilhops of .Bc^r»j and imagining he fhould do fo eminent an 
adion 5 as v\ould[gaine him fuch reputation at "Rome , would ad- 
rance him to the dignity of a Cardinal , he procured an order of 
the King's Council , forreftoring to the Ecdefiafllques of that 
Countrcy their goods that were formerly aliened by authorityjond 
had for fourty , or fitty years been imployed for the maintenance 
of their Minifters , Academy, and the Garrifon in the Fort cal- 
led N^x/iirn /2J. L^ Foy^', then Governour of that Countrey> was 
at Court at the fame time , and mainly oppofed the Order, {hew- 
ing the difficulties would obftruft it , and the inconveniencics 
might arife from it 3 which I conceive he did with very Hncere in- 
tentions : But being over-powered , turns his defires to his 
ov\B private advantage 5 andpromifes to promote the execution 
of it 5 upon condition he might be made Marfhal of Tranccy 
which was promifed him : Buteither the difficulties he metwich- 
all, or rage to fee himfclf laughed at at Ccurtjmade him refolvc 
10 fland it out againft all ; In which he met with great oppofiti- 
on in the Countrey ? occafioned by thofe of the houfe of Ben.aCy 
backed with the Count of Grammond ^ his deadly enemies , and 
by the politick practices of the Court, fo that he was now hated 
by all parties for not doing what he might for the fatisfadion of 

The Duke of Kohan. , who was his friend , patronized him 
ftillat Court, and , feeing that the Kings Ccmmiflioner Renard 
caft all the blame of the ill fuccelTe he had in his voyage upon La 
Force, ufed all means pofliblc to ccmpofe the bufineflc , {hewing 
that if the Province of Beam fhould addrc{re themfelves to the 
Reformed Churches of Trance ^ their particular might grow into 
a general caufe, from whofe circumflances might arrive fome ac- 
cidents not eafie to be remedied, and that it was the wifefl couife 
to quench this fire before it were throughly kindled : That it was 
mofl reafonable ({ince the thing was begun) that the King fhould 
receiv;;fatisfadion , and the Countrcy alio {houl4 belccured; 
sfld that partial peifons were mofl: unfit to be imployed in it; 1 hefe 
reafons were the better relifhed , for that they already began to 
difcover fe veral A{femblics in the ProvJECcs, and to fear the event 
of them; And now ^. ere things in fo fair a way, that the Duke 
o^Kehan had obtained a re-imburfcment of the Itke fum of money 
reflored to the Eccleiia{liq!res, to be had out cf the next rcceiptsj 
and in cafe of nonpaymenr, permiflion was granted to the Coun- 
ir?y to fcile again upon the goods cf the Ecclefiafliqves. But for 
ssrauch as-L/i f#?ff fouixJ nos his advantages in this accommoda- 


Book I. The (iMemolres 6f the Duke <>/ Rohan, ^i 

tio'ri, he was cafHy induced to rejeft it , complaining* 
Court , that tb difcredit him thus y was the way to difable hiui 
for any future ferYlccs, and to thofeof the Religion, that it was 
an introduftiontothc ruine of the Reformed Religion in their 
Country: And notwithftandiog that all the Churches of F.- <«»?(•, 
were , upon eood deliberation » fatisfied wi h this agreementj yet 
hiver cauld the people be induced to it , fo that the difpute lafted 
till the Convocation of the General Aflembly of thofe of the Rc- 
lij^ion at Loadun » the three and twentieth of May, ©ne thoufaiid 
iJx hundred and nineteeh. 

Luyites in the mean tinie did all the HI offices he could to the 
Duke of Rohan. , endeavoured to criminalize him , for buying the 
government of MaiUc\ais , of Aubigny , and of a private houfc 
\n?o':6ton which was very ftrongj and which he compelled him 
to pull down J having, but a little before it was razed, engaged 
fome in an attcnrtpt to furprize it j and though thofe that had un- 
dertaken if> were taken as they were teady to put their defignc iii 
execution* yet ordered he things fo , that he could npthave ju- 
ftice done upon them : Afterthis, having releafcd the Prince from 
the Ba§fiUe , to ftrcngthen hirafelf with his power againft the 
Queen J and the Prince declaring himfelf an open enemy to the 
Duke ibf Kohanj the Duke refolves to adhere entirely to ths 
Queens fervice , of which he went to A??.giers to affure herj and 
undcrftandirigof the party was raifihg for her , he advifed her not 
to (lay there 5 but to r cmo\Q to Bo^rdeai^X'^ tha-t her moftfaichT 
full fervants were the Dukes of MayfiCy Espermn, and Rohan-j that 
being there,fHc would have a powerful Parliament w declare fer 
her , and that there (he was fecure from any inyafion before (ht 
had an army ready to difpute the £eld •, that if fiie fliyed at ^«^ 
gier^,-a.nd that if Pont de Ci were taken from her.fhe and her v/hole 
Party would be loft without one blow ftriking ', that (az ought ta 
eive the greater confidence to this Council , becaufe it was i6 
his own dlfadvatitage , for that being fo near the King, He was 
like to be the firft would fuflTer. , . ,. 

To this (he anfwered, That (lie much approved of hlsReafons^ 
but that if flie (hould follow his advice , ic would givc the Duke 
d* Espernm fiifpitions that (lie intended, to put herfelf wholly into 
the hands of the Duk e of M^y4e i Kefides , the:. hopes the Loun- 
lefll: of ^(j'j/Towr gave hcr from NO'r/iaK.dy ^ built upon he Sonne* 
hi law the Duke of LohgneviU: ., who ^vavi tately made Govcrnour 
of that Province 5 and was Mailer of D'eppe^and theGiandPrior 
who held Ca^n^ and both of them !iad great, corrcfpondsinces in 
Ro'iien , prevailed Co upon her , that fhe \iOu\6. l>y no riieans budge 
from Mgkfi I But dcfirei that the Aifembly as Liid^m^ ^/'^^^ be 

E 2. coiitiouedj 

<f 1 Tke Memoires of the Dnks of Rohan. Book I. 

€oncinued> which might hate bceoeffcfted, but ihen it muft 
have been by making fuch a di^ifion as at Saumnre j when ihf 
Dukeot /?9/>-2» had conferred about it with the chicfcft friends 
he had in the AlFcmbly , and among others , with the Count of 
Qrvaly his biocher-in-Law > who was very powerful among them, 
they concluded to accept of what the King offered, rt?;. Within fix 
BQoneths CO give the AfTvrablyfatisfadion inthcaffaii of Bearne, 
and the reftituticn of t^eto:ir, one of their cautionary To\' ns > 
i^hlch if not performed , then (hould the AlTembiy convene a- 
galn within one moncth after, and that at Rachel: This very 
Wll plcafedthc Q^ccn , to whom it was £u:ther maaifeftcd> that 
ihis new Convocation , being in fpight of the Court, to be in the 
mo(V considerable Town of their party, where none butfhcmoft 
rcfolued would corae> and fi mly blnde the Aflemblyto her, to- 
j^ethw with all the Reformed Churches in the Kingdom ; But 
wjthal they defired her , that in cafe any peace was made, they 
Baigiht be fatisfied concerning their two demands touching Bw>w, 
fend teatmYy which flic prcmifed. 

Now, fo violent and tyrannical was the goverrmen'* of Lftjwx, 
chat it had wearied all the world , and even his beft friends alfo^ 
as the Duke of M^'^ic-^ for whom, a little before, he had pro- 
cured the Government of Guienne , in exchange for that of tha 
Ifle of TMHce ; and, not fatikficd with this, he gives it to the 
I>uk* of Morttbd'^i histather-in-lawjandfeizcsupon that of Pi- 
r*^"^ with aH the FortrefTes there , and in lieu of it gives that of 
^§^mandy to the Duke of Len^Heville, Moreover, he and his two 
brothers were made Dukes, and Peers of F/ an-cc ^ and all vacanc 
Offices, EcclefiafticalBeneficesr and Pen/ionswere ingroflfedi by 
thefe three brethren, and d.flributed among their poor kindrea 
that flocked in to them , from the parts about Av'ignoft: So tha£ 
jealou/Ic, and envic', together with the badde admlnifti ation of 
the publique affairs had rendred them (o odious , that everyone 
betook hjmf.lf to the Queens party i Even the Prince of Pif^ 
Vtonty towhofe marriage with Madam the King's fiffer, he had, 
not Irrg before occafroned j Lnynes. feeing himfelf charged oa 
every fide , but fupponed by the Prince , perfwades the King to 
prevent the Qiieen his Mother j and whiles by divers mcfiengcrs^ 
he entertains her with hopes of an accommodation, and corruptly 
and feduces her followcrrj he makes frefh levies of fouldicrsj which' 
^c perceiving, does the like, andby the Vicounr5<»'<:^/^»y fendi 
a letter ro his Majeflyco let him know, haw fhe-isconflxaincd. 
46 providefor the fecurity of her pcrfon , to fave her (elf from th« 
fory of her enemies, who abufing his-authonty, imployicoo ruinff 
her. This j with jhe advice of the Prince a half ens the King 


Book I. The LMefHoireiofthe Duh of Rohan.' 5 1 

inco Normiftdy, to fccure that Provincc» which was in 1 tottering 
condition , and much enclined to the Queen ; but his Prcfencc, 
though accompanied with but a fmall force5foon fettled all : /?»«?« 
is feCLired , Caeft ycilded , AUncort alf«, and all the Nobility fub- 
mit. This hippy and unexpefted fucceflfe makes him piocccd 
to M^ins , and thence ftraighc to J/tgters ; Great was the confu- 
sion this caufcd in the other party, cfpecially in the Bi(hop of 
Lucon , who not fuffering the Q^^een-mochcr to go where her 
grcateft forces lay , for fear left (he (Hould get out of h s tuition^ 
makes her refolve upon a pitiful defence in a town of no confidera- 
tion y and an enemy to her party , that fo intangling her in ft ne- 
ceflity of fubmitting to an inglorious Accommodation, he might 
make his own peace upon better termcs ; which he did , and frotu 
chat time He ever held intJligencc with the King's party. More- 
over the Duke oCR.t'^^i whether it was, that his Uncle the 
Cardinal de Rf% had gained Him before, or whether his ap- 
prehenfion of the danger had altered his mind , moft certain it is, 
that feeing the King's forces ready to fall on upon the workfc of 
Po>it de Ce, of which he had undertaken chc defence, upon an ima- 
ginary difcontent that a peace was concluding without ha privity, 
nc fuddenly quits them, and wiA all his troops repaffestfie Loir^^ 
Thus wisPont de Ce taken, andthcQieen who had thirty thou» 
fand good men ready in Gmettn-Cy PoifloK^i Xaintongc , and Angoit' 
tnoif ywtis vanquifhedbylive or fix thoufand only, and reduced 
to a necefllty of accepting fuch Articles as her enemies pleafcd co 
vouchfafe her ; according to which, and her own particular ord«r, 
the Dukes of Maifte, d* E^rmn, ^dhariy ajid SMxe laid dow/l 
cheir Armes* 


Book II. 


<«« cav nr n» £K S '^ 





The iccond Book. 

Containing a Relation of the Warre againjlthofe 
of the Reformed Religion in Fraacc. 

ND now are we arrived at the fourfe of all our 
evils J and fatal commencement of tkc Warres 
againft thofe of the Reformed Religion. The 
King, having thus happily put a period to this 
War, goes to BoitrdeauXy where he fupprefles the 
authority of the Duke o( Mainey and command* 
the BeamQls that the late Decree be put in execu- 
tion : But they , neither knowing how to obey him, nor defend 
ihemfelvesj oblige him in perfoi^ to a voyage into Eearn : And 
there it was they firll began to flight and laugh at the performance 
of th.'ir pirol engigeme'nts •, For the next day after their arrJ/aU 
and a folemn: promiferaade to the B:ar?iois to prcferve their pri-? 
vil^dg:s cmire^were they totally dereftcd of them, by ihe rc-uni 

E 4 on- 

^6 The ' C^femoires of^he 7>uke c/Rohan. BjOok IL 

'en of BaneioVriiK'.?^ and changing, contrary to the engage- 
ment of ihcir (aith given the Governour of Uxvarrms. 

NIorecyerit istj? be known, that the Deputy general Tavas, 
■^ho vyas in piijftopf th^ gpyerpfficnt diLeStomm the behalf of 
Jiisfoi^, fh(5 more to induce th« Court to yeild tohif requeft, 
threatncd to fcn4 to thole at Ko^fef/ to convene the Affcnnbly ge- 
neral, according ro the pQ^ycr given them by the AiTembly at Lou- 
iitutt : But feeing, that prevailed not to compafle his defigne ? and 
Botconfidering how unfearonable it was, he writes to thofe of 
Kcc'ncl , from Bo^^rdeaux, to CAufe the faid Convention, advifing 
ihem alfo to repair therr fortifications ; And thus are the publiquc 
continually fwallowed up by private Imerefts. 

'W^hen the King was returned tp Ftfrif} the Affcmbly general 
mQti^2t Rcch^rajfidfaq^oj ftilj fello^es the Court jjto finde fome 
mtans to accompKfh his dcfircf; His Majefty iHthe-firft place, 
foibids the hold in[!, of the faid Aflembly, next commands their dif- 
folution , and lailly declares ihen^ Traytors : The chief of thofe 
of the Religion, conceiving that great prejudice to them would 
atrerd^heir obftinacy, \vcr8of opipion that ihev werebefttodif- 
folve upon cercain conditions, of which they nad hopes given 
ihcm from the Court : But the Letters which F^^t/^fent thence, 
$og4th« with the particular difceBtcnts of i-i F^wfc, and C/?^/?//- 
Un-j by reafon cf the hard ufage the one received in his Offices,and 
a defire the oclier ha4 to h^ve more, occafioned the continuance 
of the Aflembly; whence the King took a pretence to profecute 
his defjgiies to the utterm.oft , to which, the bafeneflc, and trea- 
chery of the Gcvjrnours of the Cautionary Towns facilitate^ 
i^^is ^ccefle. 

It is K> fee obf^rv^, that before the Kings departure from Tariff 
the Dukes ^f V^^^rf 2^ ^;;i^e were in great; dlfeonteut retire^ 
Irxo Champ c^nc-, and the Count of S e^ jf 01s 10 TienUv an It : The 
Duke de Layn:^^ that he might no-: leave fuch thorns in his bacjc, 
was vevy dci^pous to rect^r.cUe them; and to move them to it, f a- 
vas v/as fent to infor^-ie the Dukes, that he was now going to 
the Affembly with full fitiifa^ion to all their demands, and that 
it would be prudence in them to comply, before the detcrminatioia 
^i that affair ; she hk« fpeech was made to the Count cf Soijfans 
|»y il'ilta.rnoul^ which wrought all their returns to the Court , and 
©cfiafi©r>«d the re«eneilii«iw between the Cardinal ^G/^/'/f, and 

Afr^f the rfduc'.ng of thefe Princes, the affyrance ViUaYmKl 
gave of 5tf;JrftW^^, thcdtffeftionof the Governour* of iheCauti- 
onaty Towns' ia Pi>^^^>the revolt of Pardail^s* with apart o( 
l8>,V£i^ne^ thst 'itCUji^lkit in the !«wcr Lungiadoc^ ^nd that by the 

^ ^ ' • '■ ' ■' " '■ •' prifence 

Book II, The LMcmolres fifth Duke o/Rohan^ 57 

prefence of the Duke de Lefdlgniens they were aflurci alfo oC 
Danphin.2 ; the King fets forth? not to a Warre , bur a certainc. 
Viftory : The Duke de Luyttes , lately made Conftable o£ 
frarucy goes with him 5 who fo Abfolutely pofleffed his Matter* 
favour , mat in the progrefs of this Warre, we {hall fee, not the 
intentions of the King 5 butthe Treafons and difloyalties of thjj 
Upftart executed , who having by that means crept into a fortune^ 
ruled all with a Soveraign power which he continued even to hif 
death, leaving the King's Council fuch a Copy > whofe imitation 
vould prove the ruine of the Kingdom. 

The firft teftimony of the lubricity* and infinccrity of tbejf 
words, was given at Saumure, which, to the Violation of the 
fnUh engaged in his Patent , was taken fr©m Vu Vlejjis 
Momay :' The fame fuccefle alfo had all the Towncs in Pw* 

The Dukes of /Jofe/r^, and Seuh'i^ his brethcr, whohadoppo- 
fed the convocation of the Aflembly , and earneftly endeavoured 
their diflblution, when convened, feeing fuch a rout, refolved 
not to abandon the party: TheConftable, who was their kinf- 
,»an , many times fcnt to try their pulfes ; but neither his promi- 
'^ lies, n«r threats^ made the Icaft imprcflion on their confciences , 
orfidtliry: The laft MefTenger was the Colonel Arttaudy who 
brought them Letters from the King , full of perfwafions to ijuic 
their rcfolutions , and intermixed with menaces of an inevitable 
ruinc in cafe they obftinately perfcvered in them j and withal to 
ice them know that the firft iiege would be that of Saint ^hn tt 
Angely: But this jourrcy had a double end ; for, in cafe he pre- 
vailed not upon the two brothers , he had Orders to copferrc with 
the Major General Amac , who was then at Saim ^nUaii , a- 
bouta quarter of a League from S<i/«r ^ohn y with fourthoufan4 
men , to caufe him to put in execution a defign he was entred on 9 
by means of the intelligence he had with the Captaines, G^//<7;ar, 
and Vaux y and two of the inhabitants , whofe names were Ma.- 
/«rer, ^n^Kequm ^ who had promifed , if he would approad* 
with his Troops, and fall in upon the Suburbs called Mata , ajjd 
thence makeup ftraightto the Gate , they would be ready therc^ 
with their confederates, and keep it open ; which Auriac attejn* 
peed the very next day after Arnaud* sdc^rtwc from Saint ^ohn; 
Butthe prefence of the Pukes of Rohan SLtidScubi^e , bothwhjcji 
were yet in the Town , prevented their fuccefs ; Sokffiv^ wa^ rc- 
felved to abide a Siege J and Rohan three dayes aftejr went to Ro- 
ihtUty from whence he brought and putarfioufand men into the 
Town , with above an hundred Gemlemenj be/ides two Barques 
laden with all manner of provifions 5 gnd then went back to ^i^'^- 

m<* ••-..: 'He 

.5S Ths CMemciresoftheDiiksofKci:\ir\, Book If^ 

Hewasdciiredby the AiTembly to reconcile tx Force and 
Vrfd.iillan. , ro which the former was very much inclined j but 
^he och^r would not ^0 mach as fee the Duke of Kohm , by which 
he clearly perceived his engagement 10 the Court : Lx Fore de- 
fired Rohirt. to take a view of the Communalties of the lower 
Giiiettite ^ that he might the bftter take order for the fecurity of 
the divlfion th~ A{r:mbly had allotted him. From thence he goes 
to Berge-fdc i S.nat fey, CUrac ^ and To:i-y.?tns , and thence to 
Kerac , where the Chambc-? or Court of Juflice yet viasj but 
wuft be removed 3 before they c^uldf-ccure the Caflle, where the 
Court fare, and where the Prefident , a Kdmamrty lodged j who 
after many contcfts -, at length withdrew with one Gentleman » 
^yhom the Duke oi.Roh.vt gave him for his Convoy as tar as MiY' 
viande : ButtHs Picfident mide but an unhandrorae return of 
this civility : For when he returned to To?itiei/ts , he gave yig- 
notes intelligence of it , who about a League from Tonne'mi lay 
inambufhfor him , with fix or fevenfcore Gentlemen Volamiers 
armed at all points , and three other Troops, who let rhem pafs > 
and then the fi: ft Troop fcUowed their Rearc , the fccond mar- 
chedupto flanckchcm, and tlie third, which was the ftrongeft , 
■between the other tsvo:; thit they might be ready to relieve the o- 
ther upon all occafions: The Marqu;fs de la. Force , who com- 
manded i?o'u^*s light Horfem'ii, was left to make good the re- 
treat) with thirty of Li Fo-ce his guard, v/hom he caufed td ji- 
light from their Horf-S, and thirty other Horfe , among which 
there were but ten Cii'yrjijj'ts : The Mirquefs advcrtifes Ro- 
Ihiit and^/'^ Fj c- , that the en^my marched to.vards him, where- 
uponthey faceab-cit-i andad"'ance, commanding him to charge 
them: Bucthefic-ftTroof^ inflcadof eceiving the charge , flew 
off towards f^^g'o'es ; when prefcnrly half of L2 Forceps Guards 
gave them a Volley j v/hich killed and fiurt about five or fix Men 
and Horfes, which made them keep off ar a Mufquct {hot dl- 
Itance from them. The fecond Troop , which fimked them,pc - 
reiving a little Ditch between them ;indRob:iCi fell off, as the 
firftdid; Which y g^ioles feeing, advanced not at all with the 
third, fo that without any further interruption 5 they kept o^ 
their way to Ton-mlns : Among the Troops of Rohjn , ajid 
jL« Force, were there but four teene Cmaff^s ; andof Gentlemen* 
and their fervams, not above fevenry fix Horfe. 

After this, Roh,in left Li force who very cxaflly knew the 
Countrey of the lower Grncnn^ y and went from Nerac to Mon- - 
taitbrn , fetching? a compafs of above five and thirty Leagues, by 
reafon that the Mirlhil Thcmines lay in his way , and arrived , 
there on the eighteenth of J^ily , One thoufand fix hundred and .' 
"■ ' ' twenty ' 

Cook II. The M<^inolres of the Titike «>/ Rohan. 5^ 

^enty one : At Me»tauba?t he received intelligence that Nerae 
was befiegcd by the Duke of Maine , who commanded in to him 
theMarfhal, and all the Nobility of Guyenne : Lx Force at the 
lame time makes an attempt upon Cdumon-t , furprixes the Town, 
and laycs a iiege to the Caftle ; The Duke of Maine having a 
fttong Army , rcfolyes to releive it 3 and to continue the Siege of 
Nerac alfo, in which he had a fortunate fuccefs ; and the Duke 
cf^ Rohan, to divert Thcmines , lies down before Septfons , a 
place belonging to himfelf j and when he had drawn him thither^^ 
with above five hundred Volunticrs 5 he retired to RealviUeyani 
the Marihal to Puy-U Rgque r whence, after three or four dayes 
abode there 5 he drew away againe, and the Duke went to Mon.-. 
tauban, to preferve the adjacent Countrey from the ravage and 
fpoile ir^tended by the Marflial, who followed him thither, where 
there pafled between them fomc light skirmifhes, of no great con- 

Whiles the Duke of Roban. remained at Montatihan. , came 
news to him, of the rendition of Samt ^ehny and alfo of P(/«j , 
Yih\ch.yfz%{o\^hy Chaste aii-Muf , of the revolt of P^r^^///^^, the. 
IpUo^ Sa'mt fey , and alfo of Bergerac , by the treachery of 
TardaH/ai , anj, Van.ijfault j of the taking of 'Ncrac by rhe Duke 
ci Maine ( vvh6 was drawing towards Gafcony ) which was fol- 
Ipwed alfo with the lofs of Leftoiir , LeyraCyMas de f^erdknjMau" 
VoiJi», znd ihc IJle- Jour dan ', all which places the Govcrnours 
for money yielded up into the hands of the Duke o^ Maine, Nor. 
did they behave themfclves better in the lower Guienne : For 
Tournony Mont-Flanqutny Vuymirol , and divers other places, 
were delivered by their Govcrnours i and, which is moft prodi- 
gious, Favas , that was then with the Affembly general , at ^0- 
chelle , ccmtnanded his fonne to give up to the King Capl-Ja- 
loux y and Ca[lef^ two cautionary places, and remote from the 
King's way about twelve or fifteen Leagues. In (hcMrt , of all 
that great Province, no place made any ferablancc of op', 
pofition but Clerac , which was well fortified and manned , 
I ^herc being in it fcomprifing the Inhabitantsj three thoufand figh- 

Thefe great JofTcs made the Duk;e con<;cive, that feeing thcr^ 
! fed not been any refiftance made in La Force's divifion, he 
ihould fuddenly have the Royal Army upon him: Wherefore 
he takes care to provide iorlAontauban, marks fome of the out- 
places necefTary to be fortified , makes up rhe Regiment of the 
Count d' Orval ten Companies , reduces the Inhabitants into 
thirty, and orders all things fitting for a long Siege, and refolycs 
tl^jflafelf to go teCaffreSy thence into the \oviCr tun^ftcdoc ,' to 


6o Th iMemoiresofthe DukesfKoiun. Book 11^ 

raife up tKeirdejiftedlpirks there » and prepare fomc relief fori 

He departs thence attended o« by his o^vii guards, and ac* 
tempanied by the Count d* Orvd and his, fords oyer die 
Rircr 'Tarn near the Ifie of Albi^eois , where he met with fomc 
eppofiti^rt ; at this pafs , was die Captain of his guards wounded;! 
the Captain* wkhfomeof die Count d.* Qrvots guards, ani 
•ne of his Mdec were killed, and his Oendcmin ^ the Hoifc^ 
liad his Horre hurt .* Thus paflfed they to Caftres , whence 
the Count ^ Orvd returned to HorttaubaK to cxpeft iktj 

1« the mean while, iheDufec of-Ro&««, that he might loft 
no time , fends to the JevetjcT , and the lower LaKguedoe , fori 
fupply of four thoufaad men » and hehimfclf goes as far as M^^ 
Uudy where he underftood by the MefTengcrs he had fent thi^ 
ther, thatihoiigh the people were generally weW inclined, ye? 
would the Artifices of the difaffeded prevail over their good inten- 
tions, unlefs he himfdf adranced to die Sevenes. 

Cha.pUo'ti et the fame time, fent SriqtcemaLt to theDulrC 
©f Rohrn. , to invite hira to a conference , Which he accepted of > 
and CO that end advmced as far as Saint H'ppp'yte, where tlit 
tMBridnemxia returns a^aine to the Duke from ChujUUoft , to 
let him kno.v , that he very much woodrcd that he O»ould enter 
into the divilion allotted him , and thathefufpefted it was with 
adsfjgn to prejudice his autWority: It wasanfvercdhim. That 
certainly he had no good memory , and withal was fKewn hita 
£hel,etter h* had written to the Duke, thit the only expedient 
to drive him out of the , andftophis pafTascs into the 
lower Lin^iicdoi , was, not to impede the fuccours he had de- 
manded) which rather than fail e of > he would encounter aU 
difSculties whatfoever : that if he was defirous ot- an interview ^ 
he was vsry ready tofatisfiehim; and that if he would in pcr- 
fwi go to the relief of Morstaicbcin , as he had offered, he was 
Confident, they two would be able to procure the peace of tK<? 
wb®le Kingdom. 

In (hort, after he had ftrugled with many difficulties , he 
drew at length fpur thoufand Foot out of the lower Lan^ntdcC » 
and the Sev^n^s , and, with hi« o\vn money raifed a thouran4 
«orc , with which he returns againc towards MiUmd,(tom whenct 
ke fent Orders to JK<t/<^««^ff, tfr^«> and Saitt Romty who in his 
abfence commanded; thefirftin ALh'igtoK ^ and Rdiier^ae \ the 
fccond in fcix ; and the third in Lmraguait , to make ready the 
forces of the CoU^oqifs : He fent to Ca,^res alfQ»and upon his marek 
eaufed 9\\ v^cdSixcj PtQvi^ons e>f n^^ 9 and \nt2ii for th^ pou- 


Book 11. TheMemokes9fth$Dnksof'B<ckAn. ^1 

riihoicn^ of Ms Soul<fi«rs eo be made ready. 

Inibcmean time thcKiuw KaT.ngbefiegcJ) and byreafon 
of their t«reftiiic dlTifiemfor want of a Commander in Chief, 
taken Clerat , and feiied upon all the places about Mamanhon^ ex- 
cept Sam ArktoHiB , fotedown with his Artiay before Montatt- 
bail on the one and twentieth of Akiu^ > One thoufand fix hun- 
dred and twenty one , ^ where Fefcey with his cwo fons, were 
goer en in^ and fcnt die Duke of Angaulcfme > wiA fifteen hun- 
dred Horfc , and feure thoufand Foot , to lie upon the Rirer 
'Sam , and intercept the relief was preparing for Mmttmhcmi 
who made as if he would bcfiege LemSe\ , a place 9 abotar half a 
i.caguc from Healmonty where there was a Caftlc that cr-mmar-" 
dcd the Town > and held alwayes for the King;, The Duke of 
Kohariy rcceiring intcllig;ence of it from 31^/^»^r > and alfo of 
the confpiracy in agitacion for the delivery oiCa^ts^'ixh all fpec<l 
fends away Boye-^ one of his Colonels, with a thoufand foot, and a 
fcuthful promife to follow him Iliddenly with the reft of the 

When toyvr came to €itSres, he found that H:iU^ had 

drawn his main Bo^yzo KealmarH y whither his coming alfcj, with* 

this fupply, raifedthcDukeof Artgaulefms from before Lo;»^f^ i^ 

uihercupon Malam^t , inftead of expecting the arrival of che Dfifce 

a^ Rohan i arhe hadcommaiKfedhim , but fufferin^ himfelf to* 

&& carried away wirh rfie importunity of ehc aiulfitude, gocf 

with one piece of Canon , which he drew out of 'KealfT^tTTT * t<y 

k&fi«gc a Church that was Gacifon*d and Fortifi d , called La^ 

Saudj, whichas Boyer was viewing he was £aine, andtheDuSre 

«f An^oHlefme at the inftant the Church was furrcndred , came 

and inclofed the reiiofthcpartywith his whole Army: Afccrfe* 

^ral chargcsand skirmifhes , in which B.?/*f«^f behaved himfelf 

with much Gallantry, tuxv^Saim Rome alfo , in refcuins^ hrtJ, 

([for he charged' through the mid'ft of the enemy, with jfrtry Geil- 

'ij ticmen (many of whom he loft) they capitulated ro march off 

. with their Armcr, all.but their Canon j and, forthe fpaceof fiC 

\ OBonthft not to beare Armesfor the party ; Thus were all the for- 

^j I oe* with their Chiefs and all the Nobility of Aib'ig'eky^r^A Lam^- 

V ^ifjdilablcd from anyfcrvicc for the remaining part of that, an<^ 

i^: untill M^ii'CW the year following. 

1" The Duke of /?a^;?», for his pare, lofc«norime, but advan* 

Wj ces with his Troops, and while his Rear-guard was marching \:i^ 
% tO'him I drawrthe Canon out of MillAud , takes Saint Cioge 
m a fmalj, bur well inclofed place , and- Lut^anfbrii a privare 
Wj houfc lying bewv^en MlLiiid^.\and Sodst Afriqne , in- which 
l| lH*ccwa»aCarifcniha:excrcafittly incommoded his callage j and 


<52 The Memoir €S of the Dpih^ of %ohm, ^ook II.' 

hid continued till he had cleared the whole way » had not thi; 
inrclligcnce he receircd of the defeat at Tnuch diverted hiffl'j 
r.hat made him double his pace , fo that he came very oppor- 
tunely to Cafircsj for Lombc^ was furrendied , Rcalmont was ifi 
Trearyt and the whole Countrey in a drooping condition: He 
cheered them up the beft he could , yet all he could do, was ncrt 
fufficlent to gee thirty Gentlemen , nor two hundred Foot toge- 
ther in all the upper Langncdoc j So that his whole depcndance wa^ 
only -on thofe he brought with him from the Lower La!tgf^doc, and 

Anocher fear alfo perplexed him, left inhisabfence) Cf?.t- 
Hilton. (hould recall his Troops 5 to prevent which? he oppofed a- 
gainft him an Afl'cmbly of five Provinces, vIt^- The Lower Larf' 
g^cdoCy the Seven.; s y yiviirct\y the Upper Langnedoc , and 
Dau.phine > who impo.vered him to dctaine the fupplyes he 
already had > and to raife more in cafe he had occafion (dt 

Things being in this condition} the Duke fends to dlfcover 
what Fordes were paflable and nor guarded , furnifties himfetf 
with good guides ) and formes his defign to relieve Montauhan.^ 
at the faaietime , by the way of yille-nouvdle , by Sai/it An' 4^ 
n'ln. J and of VUle-Binrbon. by C arming. The firft of which is fivt 
Leagues diftant from Mont.mban-i the other ten; fo that he inten- 
ded CO put in his greareft reliefs confifting all of Foot, on that fidei 
And the lefler, cotn^jofed o^' Dragoons, and threefcore Reform.ido*s 
omy, on the other. 

Im the interim of thefe adions , the Conflable Lf^yms feeing 
that his Embaflies fenc to the Duke of Roh.rn by S:iint A'.gel 
and Salndie , could no: move him , nor the perfwafions of the 
Duke of S/il'y , and LefdigiiieYCs thofe of JMomauhin , who flili 
replyed , Thar they would do nothing without the advice ai>d con-' 
fenr of their General , rcfolved at length to give them leave to 
fend their Deputies to him ( who were coniudcd by Vefpl.i.n.': ) 
to try if that mi^ht produce an accommodation , who came jjft 
as the relief was ready to march: And very opportupxely too; 
forthe Duke iinderftandins^ by them, that they wanted nothing 
batm:n, and that if they had but a thoufand , or tkvclve hun- 
dred more, the y were confid ntthcy Ihould be abb to hold out all 
that Winter,hepromifedthem that, within ei^htflayes thcyfhould 
hive the recruit they deiircd, gave them the Wo.d,and Signal, and 
fo they returned. 

The Duke of Koh:in. hid five h'/adred DragQon.^ j whom with 
hopes of piilagins; the Countrey up to the very Gates oi^houlonf , 
he hid crxouraged CO advar.ce ^vward^ J^^ylau; efis y Cue, and 

ti^. CAYmair^'t-' 

Book IL The Memoir es of the Dnhj of Koliin. 6^ 

Camaing; but when chcy were all mec ac their appointed Rcn- 
.fl-zvoiis, +iefcntchem orders , by one of his Gecdemen to 
inarch direAly to Mcntaubari} which orders were not obferted* 
either by reafon of too much confideratlon ? or apprehenficn 
ofthedang^r, though there were lefb on chat, thanonthc othcc 

As for the other relief ? commanded by Be.'^.ufort , one of his 
Colonels, it was better ordered ; He marched from C^jlres In 
the evening , with about a thouland or twelve hundred men,ccmcs 
to /-ow^^c^ about one of the clock in the morn ng, where he flays 
rill the next night, then fordes the Tarn, at Grave , marches all 
night, and the next evening about five of the clock comes to 
S.iiit Anton'^n , without any ill rencentre at all : There he Ibys 
all ch#nexc day> and in the evening fets forward towards Mdi- 

Butthefalfenefs ofthe guides he had taken up at Sa'mt Ante- 
n''n y who betrayed him , forced him to return thither aga."ne : 
Three daycs after they fent him a guide from Montaub^in, v\h« 
fafely conducted him over the River Vcyrcu at a Forde , and 
brought him very well within half a League of the Town*, whence, 
notwithflanding the feveral parties both of Horfe and Foot he 
perpetually met with between that and the Town , and the many 
Redoubtsand trenchesthat cbftrudedhis pafl'agc, he vanqui fn- 
cd all thofc difficulties, and put fcvcn hundred men, and nine 
Colours into Montauban. : But Beaifort himfelf came fn ort <:-F 
ic, beirg taken ip this brave adion : And it is to be obfervcd, 
that this relief which confifled all of Foot, marched every day 
almoft eighteen Leagues in an enemies Countrey? forded thrcugji 
two dangerous Riversj and pafled through the mid'fl of tw o Royal 
Aimies that lay in wait to defeat them. 

1 hz Diikc c^ Rohan took a double courfe to profpcrthe dc- 
fign of this relief; one was by fending Ca!or,gcs , and D.s-lps 
with DeSplan-s to confuk with thofe before Montauban- ^ about 
fome way of accommodation j the other was, by marching at the 
fjmc time that Beaifdn did , with forty Colours cf Foot, and 
thofe few Horfe he had j towards Lam'ag!^^ais : So thai v\hcn ihe 
DAzo^ Angoiilefme was ready to purfuc Beaufort with all hs 
Cavalry* he received intelligence that the Duke of KohuKt with 
thegreateft pare of his forces, was upon his march for Lama- 
^icais y whichputiucha Dilemma on him , that he knew not 
which way to turn ; and in ihc mean time Bcaufo'it paflcs through 
the mid'ft cf his Army , and the Duke ^{Kohan, the day ioi'cw- 
ing,rcturnM to Caches , and fent back his Troops to ihe places 
whence he had draw n them. 

^4 ^^ CHemolres of the D^k£ of Kohtn. Book it 

Cdo%ei and Des-lfles were iii the King's Quarters, when 
thcfc fupplics got in j and thence returned to Cajires wkh Def. 
plans 5 who from the Conftable carried the Duke of Rohan an iri- 
vitation to an interview 5 which he accepted of^ and notwitl*- 
flanding the diflwafions of the people of Cafiresy and almoft crc^ 
jy one that wa» about hifti 5 he went to Villemwr , and had sL 
conference with him at Reviers , about a League from Momdn^ 
ban y where after an exchange of many complements , the Con- 
liable led him afide into an Alley, and there began with hiin la 
Ihis manner; I am much obliged to you that you have repofcd 
foch confidence in me ; it fliall not at all deceive you > you arc 
»o lefs fecure here than in Carres : Being entred iiit» your al- 
ienee, I cannot but be ftudious of your profperity 5 depr^c nid 
not of the opportunity , during the favour I ertjoy , to augment 
f he fplcndour of your h«ufc. You have relieved Mo>itauban. cVen 
before your SoTeraign's face , a glorious and heroick aftion, but 
abufe it not : It is high time for you to mind your own and your 
friends a<ivantage j the King will never confent to a general 
peace; fee therefore that you make conditions for your friendf 
andfervants, andletthofe oiMontauhan know that they have 
but a (hort reprieve from their ruine ; that the Forts and Line* 
drawn about them, have barred up alwayes to their further re- 
lief that, unlefs they now accept of reafonaWc termes , to wit 5^ 
dther a Cittadel, Garifon, or Demolition of all their fortifica- 
tions, you will utterly defert them : Ksio\: Carres y and the reft 
of the places in your divifion > propofewhat you pleafe, and it 
Hsill be granted ; and for your own particular , a blanck is ofF-r- 
edyou, infert your own conditions* In vaine may you hope for 
any alfiftance from Germany ; they have more need to crave,thaif 
lend aide ; or from ; you know the peaceable humour 
of that King; or from within our own Kingdome ; the Qiieenc 
Bilothcr has all her fupport from Spaine , Rome , Savty^y and the 
^ifuites y who are no friends to the HttgueH9tf ; and as for Mon- 
^eifir the Prince , a piece of money fwayeshiitt any way; As-fo)c^ 
Moiijiettr thQCouviio^ So- [fans y I have received Letters from hinr 
andfrom hisMother, whoisrcady tofcad him in to the King: 
As for tlie other Grandees of France , 1 doubt not but ybu receive 
encouragement from them i bat 'tis with intention to purchafc? 
their own ends at your expence. I have, with much difficulty >' 
hitherto hindred the coofifcation of your eftate and Govern- 
ments , I cannot longer oppdfe it ; you muft cither refolVt to-fall' 
u«'der a certain and JCTnominioiis ruine y or to- advance yourhoufc^ 
to a greater heig'it than it ever yet knew : For if you perfift in* 
yoar- obftinacy , the King will rather yield to all thofc of the Re- 
ligion 1 

Book If. The xJ^fcMoires efthe Duf^ sf Rohan, 6$ ' 

liglon be/ides , chat he may have the Tatisfaftloa of making 
an example both of youj: pcrfon ami. family : Biit if you wiU 
^no-.v Credit mc,you ihill Sreak through thcle dangers with honor, 
and thefavourof your King, and obtain whatever you fhall dc(lrc»' 
as to your own fortune, whofe encreafe I To much defire, ds that it 
may be a fupport to mine. 

To which the Duke of KobM anfwercd , 1 fliould be an ene- 
my to myfelf, ifldefirednot my Prince his favour, and your 
fricndfhip j I fhall never refufe either goods or honours from my 
Maflcr, nor from you the Offices of a good Kinfman : I very 
well confidsr th? danger I am in , but 1 befcech you alfo reflc>:i 
upon yours j you are mortally and univcrfally hated , for that you 
alone ingrofs that which is the objeft of every onei defirc : The 
ruineof chofeof the /Religion is net fo near, but that they may 
aff Jrd leafure enough to the Male 'Contents to t::rae their parties, 
and thofe that will not openly declare for us , will yet comp'y in'; 
any thing that may tend to your dsflruilion. The beginnings Qi\ 
the Warrcs againfl: thofe of the Religion , have commonly been 
with great difadvantagcs to them , which yet the re ftlcfs andvo- 
lar'-le humour of the F'f«c^ , the d.fconcehts of thofe that ruled', 
not, andflrangers have many times repaired : If you can ob- 1 
raine a peace for us from the King , before the like mifchlefs hap- 
pen againe , it will be much tor his honour aud advantage j For 
having fubdued the party without the leaft check , without any ^ 
appearance either of divifionswithirt , or relief fiomw'thout, he 
will oblige hii conquered 5 andmanlfeftto the world, that 'lis 
not the Religion he perfecutes, but the Profeii ours of itj for their 
preccnded difobedience , will break the of all other fadion'^, 
iind, without any prejudice received , v^^ill return a feared and 
honoured Conquerour; • This will alfo redouble your credit with 
him , and feat you in a condition above the reach of any attempt 
ivhaifoevcr : But if you drive things on to the extremity , and 
this torrent of profpfirity continue not its courfe , as it is like to 
findeabay tkZ Mo/itaii^ban , every one will rc-ereft hisfpirits, dc- 
prcffid bythebufinefs of Pont de Co, and our later loiTcs here, 
and infinite perplexities will you be involved In : Confider that 
yfju hare already gith'^red all the fruits , that either your pro- 
mifcs, or threats can produce , and that what Is left of us fight 
for a R.liglon we believe to*be the true one. As for my parti 
have already confidered of the lofs of my eftate, and Offices* 
which if you have retarded out of refpeft to our alliance, I am 
obliged to you for it , but am fully r^folved , and prepared 
for all extremities , being folemnly engaged by promife , my 
confcience alio commanding me, notjto hearken to any but a gene- 
,tal Peace. F This 

6^ The Memoires of the Dnks of Rohan. Book II, 

This Confercnce^becaufc thty would not admit of a gene- 
ral Treaty , proving ineffeftual 5 the Duke of 'Rohan returned to 
Caflres^ The difficulties at the Siege 'of Montauban dayly cn- 
creafingj the Conflable liftened to the better diftatei of his fe- 
cond thoughts 3 and renewed the Treaty : But the unftcadinefs of 
his fpirit 5 too fickle toperfed any thing , and the contradiftions 
he met with from thofe that defircda cencinuation of the War » 
intangled him ftill in delayes, till the King was neceffitatcd tb 
taife the Siege of Montauban , on the eighteenth of November , 
One thoufand fix hundred twenty one, where I-^ Fdrce^ and the 
firft Con-ful Dupuy , a man of great autkority and courage order- 
ed all things fo exaAly for the defence of the Town 3 and execu- 
tion of the pubiick refolutions , that they may worthily 
daime a great part in the honour ofpreferving the place. 

The Duke of Rohan in the meanwhile, had fenc his trcopj 
into the County of Foix upcn the follicitation of Leran , who 
with them took in fome Caftles . and afterwards laid Siege to P^a- 
reilles, which was relieved, and he , in feme diforder, retreated 
to Vamkrs : But feeing the King's Army now at liberty , having 
quitted the Siege of Momauban , he took care to provide for thole 
places were mofl in danger ; and remanded his Forces from Foix : 
-Saint Florcnt , one of his Colonels , and a Kinfman of the Con- 
ftables, to make his own conditions, had intended tofeize upon 
Saint E!pMl ', andinpurfuanceofihatdcfign, and ihat he might 
withlels difficulty be received into theToun,>ithhisRcgimenf> 
counterfeited a Letter from the Duke of Kotej But the Con- 
fuls 5 forewarn'd of his purpofes , refus'd to let him, in j fo that 
the flay he made thereabouts , gave the enemy an opportunity to 
prepare an Ambafcade for him between le Mas and Revel y 
where in the night time he was totally defeated > without any refi- 
iftance made of his fide. 

Mirambeau. the eldeft fon of Pardailtan , perceiving that 
Ills father had compounded for Mov.heur ^ and Saint Foy , and 
that he was to deliver them up to the King as he marched by, en- 
ters and feizes upon Menheur ^ the news of vvhich hurried his 
father thither , who treats him very feverely j and thinking he 
had now entirely fptured that place , returns to Saint Foy to make 
fureofthat alfo r But God would not fufFer his treachery to e- 
f cape longer unpunifhed, raifingup Savrgn&c o( N'Jfe ^ who lay 
in wait for? andilew him in an Inn in Genfac -^ whereupon Mi- 
Yambeau. \n Mo'^ihcur ^ ^ndTeybon ?iis brother-in-law in Srin'-Foy 
«ieclapedfor the Party <Sf the Religion : The King , having in* 
telligecce of this alteranon, fends fpeedily to block up Mcvheuri^ 
and marches after iirperfcn with the reft of hi« Army , btfieges 



Bookll. TheCHemoiresofthDHkerfKohSin. 6i 

and takes it upon composition j During this Siege ihc Conftable. 
dyed of fickncfs ; his death wrought a great change in the Court: 
The J^een-Mother, feeing her felf rid ofhcr deadly enemy , be- 
gins to cheer up again j The Prince alfo returns to ihc Coui c, m 
hope now to Paramount if there 5 every one aims at the vacant 
pl^cc , and all remembrance of the defigncs conrrived m ihe Con- 
dairies life time was buried with him. 

Tlie Cardinal de K£t\ , and Schomber^ , ufjrp the mana«^v*- 
mcnt of the State affairs? the Prince cams to wait upon the 
king sitPoictierSy whojoyned with them , and fo potent Was 
their party grown? before they came to Parts, as that the en- 
deavours of tlic Queen-Mother J and all the Ancient Minlftcrsef 
State, were nothing available to incline things to any proj>en- 
firyto peace. The Duke of Lefdig'-.ieres , upon fomc coramoti- 
cns railed in Danph'me b)' Mon-tb)im. , jramedlatcly after the 
Siege of Morktauban^y got leave to go thither? and cakes order 
for their fuppreffion- The Duke of Kohan. alfo fcnt back all the 
Troops he had out of the lower Lmgnedoc , and the Se-venes 5 
whither we muft now refled 3 to fee what this interim produced 
there. * 

C'ltQillon. propofesto the AlTembj of Cac five Provinces, the 
rccaliinp of their Forces , upon pretence to relieve the lower 
LangmioCy which yet was no way invaded ? but they rejected the, 
propofition ; fo that, this invention taking no efted , as to pre^ 
rent the Duke of ifo/;^?* of ncwfuppliesj he caufcs a new levy 
to be made (at which he was not prefenthimfelf) which the 
Affembly gave way to ? upon the engagement of the Captains to 
waitr upon him 5 in cafe the Duke oi Kohm fhouid ccmmand 
them 5 which yet they refufed to do upon his fummons •> faying , 
That they owned no General but Chaftlllon. , but trifled away 
their time inbefieging Alxpn. , a paltry Town of no importanctt 
Jnfliort, Chafiillon in all things, and places , oppofed the au- 
thority of the Aflfembly , who, in requital ( with the afliftancc 
of the people j devefledhimof all his power , forcing him to 
quit Montpeliier , and retire to Aigicemortes , while they detain- 
ed his Son , and Mother-in-law. BerUchercs who was chofeii. 
Lieutenant of the lower L;:nguedoc , adhered to the Airemhly , 
who having tafted the fweetnefs of their authority , would by no 
means hear of a General, but continued their govcnment till 
^ the latter end of the year, that the people began to find it in^up-^ 
t" portable 5 which they perceiving, eleded the Duke o^Kohjin, who 
|il immediately fet forward towards the ProYincc> and came to MoTtt- 
M ftUitr on tiiTV-ytars^dit^ 5 i 5 2 a. 

4i "■ F 2 hi 

^§ The UMemslresoftheVuke of Kohm BookIL 

At his arrival there the Duke found the Provinces of the 
lower LangJiedgc y and the 5cye«£j , engaged in fuch broyles a- 
gainftthe Affemtlyofthe five Provinces > that he was ncceflita- 
ted to fpend the whole month of ^mmy in endeavours to com- 
f'ofe them : The Provinces declared that the Affembly had ex- 
haufted their treafurcs , of which they were refolved they fhould 
render them an account; and that, fince there was a G-sneral cho- 
fen^ they ous;ht no longer to piolcng their Seflion* 

The Affembly on the other fidejmaintaincd, That they ought 
no account to any but to the Affembly general , from whom they 
derived their authority, that they ought to continue in fult^ 
power 3 till a final deteimination of all affairs ; that the Gene- 
ral ought to hare no other Council but themfclves j and that to 
them belonged the fole management of the Finances; that they, 
were Superiour to the particular Provinces, who had nothing to 
do to fuperVife their anions , nor had they power of themfelves 
lofummonany Gonrentions; and petfwaded the Duke to inter- 
<didthem, as themfelvcs > before his arrival, had intended to 
have done: But he, feeing the Province of the Sevenes was al- 
ready convened , and that the lower Languedoc ^as refolved 
upon the like couiTej endeavoured to get the Affemblics allow- 
ance of it, whoinfteadof affenting to it ? becaufe.they forelav^ 
it would much irapa ire the continuation of their Seflion, refolved 
on other waycsto prolong it. And firft ot all they ufed all pofli- 
ble means to poffcfs themfelves of the Caflle of Soww/Vrj- , hack- 
ed by Berticheres, who pretended a right to it, and addreffed 
themfelvcs to Cfe-a/^/Z/t/zj forhisafliftance : But defeated of their 
purpofesby the diligence of the Duke of Ro/7^/2, and the Cafllc 
fecured J they turn their applications to the Duke de Lefdigid- 
€tes, towhorathey defcribed theDuketo be an ambitious per* 
fon , defirous to perpetuate the War , that he might continue 
his power; and declaring alfo, that they had rather fubmit to a 
peiee wi:h ihe King upon any terms, than to his Tyranny; and 
that, if he inrermedled further with them , he (hould be taught to 
know the limits of his power j But he hearken to themj 
andallt'ieir other atcemprs failing of the f.iccefs they aimed at, 
they fend Deputies to the Sevenes ^ and the lower LangutdoCy 
where the Duke was, who to prevent a further rupture ( which 
proved a matter of greit difficulty, fo much were the Provinces 
K3^ Languedoc inccnfed a gainft the Affembly } got them to allow 
of the a^flions of the Aifembly of the five Provinces , to receive 
their Deputies into their protection ; that there fhould be ne 
peace concluded v/ithout provifion for their fecurity , but that 
ihey ilio;i!d foibear t© A^ as an AfT^^mbly 5 till the buflr-cfswere 


Book IL The UMemoirgs of the Duh of Rohan. 6g 

futther dcterminM by the AfTembly general, to whom all par' 
ties were to fend their reafonsj and that two Deputies of the Af- 
fcmblj of the five Provinces^ fliould be of the Duke of Kohan*^ 

It is to be obferved , that after the Duke's arrival at Mo:it^ 
fcUler, the Aflcmbly that fate there ^~;l3efore his face, difpcfed 
abfolutely of the Fimnccs , and of all other affaires , made Laws 9 
gave pafs -ports , and protedions ; and in all that time rekrred no- 
'thing to his Council of War but one quarrel, to be pieced up 
there; And when the Duke propofed to thera a Convention of 
the States of all LangiiedQC to be held at Milland, to confult abouc 
the raifing of money, and to provide for the adminiftration ofju- 
fticcj they ftiffely withflood it, becaufc they feared it was to abro- 
gate their authority. 

When they had ocrsfion to fend to the AfTembly general > 
the Duke moved that they would fend joyntly with him and the 
other Provinces J but they were ftill for feveral Depurations, bcr 
injT refolved to calumniate him, what they could ; which they did 
fufficientlyby their ^v\wo)' Bahat aMinillerj who recounted the 
wonders they did , before the Duke came afnong them > who had 
fince confounded all Dy his ambition; that, hepurfuedhL ovp , 
at the expence of the publick Intc-eft; that having ruined Toixy 
iind ^Ibigcgis y he would do as much co the lower Lmiguedoc , 
where he began to fix himfelf, and play K^r ; thac they were 
better fall into the hands of the King , and entirely fubmittohis 
will, than to be fubjed to this Duke; and that at i.; gth they 
fliauld be faine to recall Chaf'iUon.: Thacthey fhould beware of 
coming under the power of 5e«^/c?;(?> who defired nothing more 
than the difCpation of the AfTembly general 3 and had already 
written to the Duke, that it was corapofed only offevenpr eigiic 
pitiful Rafcals; and for c^nclufion, that if they would but im- 
power them to continue the:: SefTion j they would ^urb the Duke 

After the Conrention of thefe Provincial AfrvmbHes, thi 
Duke of Rohn , conildcring> on one fide? the pr^'pa'atlons made; 
bytheDukcof Montmorency to invade him , the L^vyes of the 
Dukeof Gw/ij inProvence , for the fame purpofe > Chii^iUo'i*'%. 
plots to undermine him, and the Lcvyesof the Duke rf^Z.f/'ii/|;/^?- 
ires to invade V'ivaret\ ; And on the other, the miferable con- 
dition he found che Provinces ? he came to ferve in? by reafof\^ 
ofthcmanynccdlefs znmngs Ch.iftill on. had made there, to the 
great dlfcouragement cf the SouUiery » and ruine of their fi lends, 
Coumrcy, whence the Troops never flirrcd 5 e>diaufl'.ng of their 
peafui cs f and flores of SaIc ) aggnvitcd by tie im^^ofribJ,i- 

F5 i 

7© The ijlfemotres of the 1>ukc of Kohzn. BobklL 

:y of recovering more, by reafon of Ai^ftemortes , which intercc\ 
fici their Commerce> he refolred with all fpced to haflcn his 

Blaccons Lieutenaut o^yivaret^ being in the metn while hard 
' befct by the Duke cf Lefdiguiers y folUcites the Duke of Roha?i 
forafupply of five hundred men 5 and withal j that he would 
makehafleto foUov. them with his whole forces: Thofe of Be- 
' iittfieux and G??;^wf , Jikewife demand Tome relief, for that the 
Duke o^ Mon.tmoYcncy had fuprixcd L««*iJ , 2nd {otce^GreffiJfaCy 
^ both private houfes ? bcficged Fo/^g^rtT, and threatned alio the 
above named places : The Dukcj having no Forces on Foot? and 
tv,o. Armies upon hii hands, excluding the Troops oi Trovertce j 
>oe5to t\\t Stvin-es to try if he could thence pafs five hundred 
cicninto yivanf^i bar atthe ftraights near V'iUcmufvc de Be. gy 
were chcyrepulfed 5 which obliged him to fend to ihc Duke of 
'Lefdiguieves , to fee if he could by any means retard his advance: 
^ut, notvvithflanding his Remonftrances , and the dead of Win- 
ter bcfides, he continues his march with fix thou fa nd Foot, and 
five hundred Horfe ; to make a Bridge oyer the Rhone, between 
'Bjy andVoi'.fin. , befi|ges To:(fitty and batters it, which abides. 
his a {fault 5 BUccois gets into it, and behaves himfelf bravely 
in the ftorme ; at length, the place being ready to be loft, by the 
mediation of him, whom the Duke of JBiohan had fent to the 
Duke de Lefdl^ukres y was yielded to him, upon condition, tha t 
if the peace ( they were now in Treaty on ) were not concluded , 
he fhould again reftore it to thofe of the Religion j that he fhould 
forthwith withdraw his Army, and fhould not make any further at- 
tempts in^iT^ nor Languedoc : And he f9r his part proraifed, 
as foon as pofiible, to fend the Prefidenr D/t Crgs to proceed in the 
Treaty for a Peace, 

The Province o^ Vrjarets AfTerablcd at Vrivas , approved 
of all, and wrote to the Duke of Ro'^^;? , in favour of £/^cfo«j, 
that hc'would confer on him the Government of B.ty , which hq 

The Duke J thus freed of the Army of D.n^/'/j/V, thinks novy 
of Vi^uallifif; C'i£ ( which was well near ftarycdj by reafop of 
a Church well fortified 3 and flrongly garifon'd by the enemy, di- 
^Lint tbout a Musket {hoz from the Town , the whole Countrcy 
round about them being enemies alfo ) and advancing with hi^ 
A riny to oppbfe the progrefs of the Du^e 0^ Montmorency : In orr 
der to which lie came to JiU/i^p U er, w here he prcfently fell fick of/ 
a Feavcr, which lafled him fifteen dayes j In the mean while iho' 
f^reudent D/; C, or, that at the beginning of his Malady came to fee 
hiHijwas cruelly afiaflinated iji tbeTewfljaud ^(Wckres^hyhls or- 

Book II. The LMemolres $ftheDtike of Rohan.' 7? 

Having recovered his health, about thcbeeinning of Afarc^* 
and fpceded his. Levies 3 he took the field y before he was wcH 
able to endure it > Berticberes made a motion to attach the Towc'- 
tharbon?tierey that opening that paffage they might have Salt by 
that way > and confequently money to defray part of the charges 
of the War; Saint Blaftcan^ Governourof ?eccaix, fecondedthc 
Proportion J fo that> that defignc was concluded on > Chafiilloft 
p;-efently had notice of it , and the Duke of Rohjn was informed 
thzthertichcreshtid faithfully promifed him that he would ruinc 
all his troops : Wherefore the Duke refolved to refer this buii-. 
nefTctoa farther debate; at which he urged agi'mik Berticberes 
the difficulty of the fiege ; S^iint hlancart thereupon ftood up, 
and faid , That unleffe the y refolved on it , he would comply withi 
CbafitUon, there otherwife no poflxbility of their fubfiftence; 
fothathewasconftrainedtoyeildtoit; and in the meane while 
he makes an attempt on Beaftcaire , which fuccceding not, by 
reafon of the extream coldnefl'e 5 and tempeftuoufneflc of the 
night, it was executed in, he returned :o the Tower Cbarbonmere^ 
where he found that inil;ea<t of advancing? they were driven off> 
and that they had differed Cba^iUoft to fortifie feveral intrenchr 
nicnts he had made upon a Caufey , which at fir ft might have 
cafily been forced 5 but would now require more than a moneths 
time to take them. Moreover, they had drawn off thofc fouldi- 
^rs the Duke had lod^'d between Aignemortcs and Cbarbonmere^ 
;»U which he well confid?ring, without imparting his refolution to 
Berticberes, fends to block up the Caftlc of Mmtlmr , that hii\- 
drcd the interCQurfe between Mon'pcUier ^ and the Sevcfies , and 
afterwards went ijiperfon to the fiegeof it, with intent to drpw 
off the Duke o^ Momma eneyixomBedarieux, who fpent fo much 
time in taking of Fougercs that he could not come early enough 
before MomUur was taken by aflault. 

Immediately after this adion was over» the Duke dc Lefdigui" 
eresy impowered by the King, invites the Duke of Koban. to a per- 
fonalTrcaty for a Peace? which heaflented to, leaving his Array 
under the command of Berticbcres',^tLavalyh^twecnBarjac, and 
^aiftt Eiprlt vyas their interview* vvhere they agreed on Articles to 
be treated on , and the Duke of Roban, in his ownj and the name 
of the Provinces of his Divifion, appointed Cd/o«g«ci , Des-IJler^ 
Dup^y of Montauban,, Di^ Cro^ of Mompelller, and L^ Boreed 
yivaret\(or their deputies : Both he, and the Duke de Lefd^gui- 
eref joyntly advertife the Dukes of ho'iMo'iti Sully ^ TrimouiUe, and 
SoitbixefLaFo>cez\Co, and the Afleaibly general of thi« Treaty, 
that they might all fend their Deputies to joynwith thofe of the 
Pi:9Vince5i iaforming thei* witn*ili that ^scoticeiniD^Sauvmrei 

F 4 and 

7 2 Tks Ml mo'res of the Dnkc <jf Rohan*. BooW L 

a«d the places cf Foi^ff-v, they could not conclude any thJngjbut 
miift rcmitthem toother things to be teiminated by the Kinghim- 
felf : We muft now leave the Deputies on their journiesj to take a 
View of what parted in the lower Lr.nguedoc, 

The Duke of /v^o^^« returned to his Army, which he found at 
Ca^ilna/i near Montpcllier 5 The Duke of Mon.tmo;mcyy with Cha- 
jfj^y.f, whowas now joyncd with tym with his G^'^j-^i* <7>»/fj-j or 
ho fe men compleatly armed? and thofe of the Duke of Gut fey 
vhchhe had fent for out of Vrovcnce^ hadbe/ieged Co;^>r<7«/er, 
f\^©kaouesd flant from. ^^o/i/^/^f/^i^r^ which the Duke oi Kohan 
Fiad refolved to relieve? but the place being yeilded the next day, 
Ke encamptd at SaUt ^ohn de Vtdas-i and Snlle-n-eufvCj and the 
Duke of MiiiitrfiGycncy tit Layer'Hve, Fabif'gu.cs, and SaujJ'ani a 
fmall river called Moufcnj part:d them, fo that for (ix dayes toge- 
ther, both armi' s played only with their Canon one upon anotherj 
after which the Duke oi Montmarency retires to Vtlk-neufvc a fmalt 
Town ujton ihc Lake. The Duke of Kohrit the fame day drew oif 
tG other quarters alfo , and in his march fummoncd Sauffan in 
^hich was left a Gaft-ifcn? whic!i yeilded the next morn- 

■ Bertichcres, whether it was thr\t he feared the lofle of his goods, 
or that he deiired to ruine the Dukes Ai my, or that really he had 
ieceived fuch inielligr nee? ccmes and tells the Duke, that for cer- 
tain the Duke of Montmorency had pafled the Lake, and was 
marching towards Sainr Gflles, an Abbfy belcrg.rg to BtrtichcrcSy 
and a very convenient pl-ace for a Magazine 5 befecching him to 
allow h'ni fifteen hundred foot, and an hundred horfe to prevent 
him? and ihar according to the intelligence he fhould receive from 
him,thc reft of the forces might be in a i eadinellc tG" follow him ; 
which the Duke granted him j and in the meane while, with two 
thoufand men he had left, goes 10 befiege Saint Georges : But lh6 
Duke of MontfrorencyUi-^nii^ that5"^i« Georges was beficged, and 
r*i2tthe Dukeof /i(o/riz;^'s army was divided, returns to relieve it, 
takes lip his quarter's at Saint ^ohn de Vedas, a league from Sami 
Georges^ and by difchargirg of two piece of Canon , gives theni 
a fignal of the luccouis he had brought, and that very night ef- 
iayed to pur in two hundred me'n> who were briskly repulfed. The 
next day the Duke of Koh^in, leaving three hundred men to conti- 
riue the f?egcy made choice of a very advantageous place to fight 
in, and there fta jed till the day ; and in the interim, fcnt with all 
fpeed wBcrticberes to command him back. That evening came 
Shcquic-ie to him, with a Regiment out of the Sevenes, and the 
next day Malauxc^ with fourfccre horfe from the upper langnedoC^ 
'Slid Bmicberes flayed not long behindc ', fo that ihc Duke beings 

>t '■,•»■ 


Book II. TheMcmoinsoftheDukjof9^oh3Ln. 75 

row three thoufand foor, and three hundred horfe ftrong, in the 
very fight of the Duke of Montmorency, raifes his batteries , and 
takes the place, which was yeilded upon compoiition, the defen- 
dants lives only faved. 

BertichereT was the fccond rime like to have -been the occafion 
of another great fault, by his obftinate affiimingthat the Duke of 
Montmorency was retreated to ViUe-nei/fve^^ind had left five hun- 
dred men at the Bridge of Feruve, which might be eafily cut off: 
The Duke of Koh:in was of a contrary opinion, averring, that if 
he himfelf were gone off, he would not have left thofe foot to the 
flaughteri the other defirous to evidence what he had affirmed, 
leads him towards the Bridge, where they found forae foilorne par- 
ties of Mufquctires in the ditches, which they foone made thera 
quit: But Rtf^'.^rt perceiving that £r/tir//f?f^ had engaged a Regi- 
ment too far, commands all his forces, both horfc and fool, to ad- 
vance? and two field-pieces to be drawn after them; Bertichere^ 
clofcly purfu&8 his defigne> commands BUcquiere's Regiment to 
ftorme the trenches at the Bridge , and ttnother Squadron to fc- 
cond them : But this being but an extempore pr©je»fl, and executed 
without any precedent deliberation,\vas alfo without fuccefle : For 
Blacqu'iere, and his Serjeant Majoi Kandop. being flaine withMuf- 
quer fliot, the whole party retreated in difoider ; and at the fame 
inftantthc Duke of Montmorency drew all his Army into Battalia^ 
firing tv.o field- pieces en our men; Roh^m made him the like re- 
turn from his C\de, and all the remaining part of that day was 
{'ptminCAKcnad s, and light skiitnifties; the river i'rf^/^/ya^ ftill 
iepararin^' the Armies, who in the evening drew off to their quar- 
ters : 1 here wcie ten or twelve flain on either fide ; and the Duke 
of Montmrrency the fecond time retired to l^illi-ncufye; whence, 
leaving his Troops in Garrifon in the adjacent places he went t6 
Vc^enas'^ which the Duke of Ro/'^/Z having notice of, takes with 
himprovifion for in«o dayes , and with two Culverins marfhes 
that night tc Gignac, blocks up the garrifon'd Church adjoyning; 
to it, raifes h:s battery in the open day, and after the firft Volley 
took it upon capitulation, and having demoliflied it, returns to- 
wards MontpiUicr ; taking his way through the Valley of Montfcr- 
rant) where he took and difmantlcd ManelaiSyand. other little pla- 
ces, and fortified Churclics, which yeilded his fouldiers good boo- 
ty, which was the Veafcn that feme of the Troops of the SczencSj 
'findingthemfelves fo near home, forfook him. 

Montpf III er thmfzc^d from the inconvenience of the enemies 

Garrifons, made ^/^^ defirous of the like benefit. Thither the 

Puke cf Koh.m mahches, and upon compofitlon takes Cernicrs , a 

Callle whofe iituation did indifferently fecure it from ainy battery, 

*^" • " . • and 

74 T^ho LMemoires of the Dukj of Rohan. Book 1 1 . 

and SaitU Sfifret by affault : But as he thought to have made * 
farther progreffe, he was prevented by a requeft from the principal 
inhabitants of N'lfmeSi to come to their Town, to fupprefle a Se- 
diti6n lately raifed there j which with all diligence he did, lea- 
ving to B.Tf/cl?^?'^! the charge of hisTrOQps, the greateft part of 
which defertcd their colours, fo that there were not left a thousand 
men together, Vones^ having gotten together near two thou- 
fand men befieges Vru^^UaCy a paltry place, had before beea 
furrendred to BertichereSy who put in to it the Colonel Beauvois^ 
who having handforaly defended it for two dayes, was at length for- 
ced, for want of powder, to give it up, 

C^^xf?ii^o« at the fame time comes before LiTohy I* Abbcy near 
P^^ffiiijir, and' belonging to Saint B Ian cart y which, either by the 
Cowardixe or Treachery of Boufaugmt who commanded it, was 
within the fpace of twice four and twenty hours, furrendred, $o 
that Ko^uftj who had rallyed fomc trpops for that end, had not lea-* 
fare to relieve it, nor means any longer to keep his forces together* 
with which he had marced up and down for three raoneths together 
without any pay, and made many fieges, both by reafon of the rc- 
fradorinefs of his Colonelsjand the approaching harveft,a fcafon, 
in M/hieh the poor of the lower Lari^iiedoc gaine their whole 

To rztmn to Ni Ones, It is tobcobferved that 2/i/o» had been 
proteded and gratified by the Duke o^Rohaft more than any other, 
out of hopes he had to winjiim that way : But he, being of a na- 
ture on which no obligations could prevail, ingrateful, and pre- 
fumptuous, had, notvviihflandingfdeiigned to pofTefTe himfelf of 
Niffnesy to make his own conditions withal ; pretending a moft 
tranfcendent zeal to their caufe j and lofing no opportunity to 
afperfe the Duke with calumnies, openly declaring that he had be- 
trayed P<7'W?;2 to the Duke de Lefdi^meresy znd was the fole caufe 
of the lofle of Fivaref^. He confpired alfg with the Deputies 
«f the AfTembly of the five Provinces, who, inftead of returning 
to their own homes, went from town to town irritating the people 
againft the Duke of Kohan. j and having now made f^ire of Br'ifon^ 
and his afTiftance in Nifmcs were refolvcd upon the firfl: opportuni- 
ty to rcalTemble thereato oppofe the authority of the Dukeof/fc- 
baUy who being informed that they were all met at N'fpnesi with 
intention to beginigain their Affembly, fent one of his Gentk- 
men to forbid them,and to command the Deputies of yivaret^tOi 
return to their Province, fliewing therh witlial the Depofirion of 
Bab:it-i wherein- the Deputies had mofi: bafely fcandali^^ed him, 
which B.i/a« ftoutly oppofed J but found not the people any way 
JAcliqeablc tg be led by his pafTion i Sa chat^tfep Deputies were 
'■ forced- 

Book II. The lM empires *f the Duke of Rohan. 7 5 

forced to be goncj and Br'tfon. to wait upon the Dtikc to e^cufe this 

Whil'ft he was upon his journey, the principal inhabitants of 
J^ifmes, making good ufc of his abfence? took occafion to procure 
a Declaration of the general Council of the Town^ that the Go- 
vernment of B^ifon. was no longer fupportable, that Kihan (hould 
berequefted to approve of this rcfult of their deliberations , a;i(i 
that they might be permitted to live under the folc authority of 
their own Confuls, till a more urgent neceffity fhould require a 
Gevcrnour, and that then they would accept of any one he (hould 
pleafctoplacc-over them; and that he would with all fpeed rc° 
pair to their town to prevent any diforders might furvene : Where- 
upon he went thither, and there apjjfoved of and ratified this aft 
of their Council. At the fame time was there held an Aflembly 
at N^fmcs to take order for the fecuring of their harveft ; to whom 
Brifu:'i addrcfTed his complaints; But the Aflembly waved them, 
and approved of the determination of the Council, and the Dukes 
confirmation of it: BrZ/b^ feeing he could not this way arrive ar 
his aimesj goes to CHo^itpellier^sind in all places endeavours to flir 
up the people againft the Duke of Rohan, attempting alfoby 
means of his Confederates to raife a fedition in Nifmes •, which 
the Duke having notice of, fends the Lieutenant of his Guards 
with a command to arreft him, where ever he fhould findhim> 
who, afrer fomc time fpcnt in the fcarch of him^ at length arrclH 
him in i//^^. 

When Ni/wfj was thus fecured, order was taken for the Ic- 
yying,and paying of a fuflicient number ofSouldicrs to preferve the 
Countreys'about Mctupellier, Nifmes, and Ufe-y^ from the fpoylc, 
and ravage, the Duke of Montmorency had orders from the King 
tomake mthofepaits, and alfo to fend fome fupplies to Mo?i' 

After the holding of this Aflembly, it was thought fit that an- 
other (hould be convened in the 5ez/r;^e J for the fame caufe; and 
forafmuch as the Duke of Montmorency already began to burns, 
and wafte the places neat MuntpcUier, Kohan to prevent farther 
mifchief, left Lii^^ec^ his Quartcrmafler- General with a Brigade 
cf horfe : upon the firll approaches of Montreal Major-General 
to the Duke of Montmorency^ at a contefl about a Farme-houfe, 
the Adjutant feeing his fon too far engaged, goes with fome Muf- 
quetires to difengage him, whereupon Montreal chsLv^cs him with 
aoovc an hundered horfe j but L;2«rfe^ came very opportunely to 
hisrefcue, charged, and wounded Montreal with his own hand, 
made him file, and purfued him fighting up to' his own body> 
^hlcb was in fo cohering a condition ? that had SaiKt Andre the 



7^ The Memolres of the D^l^e of Rohan. Book II.' 

King's Lieutenant of MontpcUerma.dQ ufeof that opportunity to 
' charge them, he had utterly routed the whole party. 

We muft now return to the otherfide of the Loire, and the De- 
puties the Duke of Koha?i had fent to the Court : Thofc that were 
dcfirousof Peace, endeavoured to keep the King at I'atis to ex- 
ped thofe I>eputies, of whofe fpecdy arrival the Duke de Lefdi^ 
guires had given notice | for that the Chancell«ur, and tnePre- 
Hdcnt ftfUfi, who were unfit for travel could not other wife be ^ 
prefent at the Council, nor confequendy be able to withftand the' 
Violent motions of thofe who were inclined to a prolongation of 
thewarre, which they perceiving, omitted no inventions to with- 
draw the King hom Paris, ani on P-ilfn-Smday carried him by 
flealth, out at a back gate of die Loiiv/e, juft as if they were run- 
ning away with him, to keep his Eafiei at Orleans-, whence, with- 
out Haying for the ^een-Motherj he goes down the River as far 
as N^fttes ; the fortunate fucceffe of the Duke of Soabiy obliged . 
him to take this couife ; who with two thoufand men, in the mid- 
deft of all the D jke d' Efperno?t's forces, in X'.iintonge, ^nd.^/tgoid- 
mois, of the Count de '^tchsfouQ^mlts in Vi6lon, and Saim Lu^es 
inthelflinds hid feized and fortified the Iflc of Olevon., taken 
Roy^//, theTo.verof hi'jiintic, Sxiigeon, zvxd feveral other places> 
totally defeated Saim Lv^e's Regiment, and at noonc-day forced 
L^ Cto;«c'jand tfok Les Sables : In £hort> he flruck fo great a ter- 
ror into the Couritrey, that had not the King's arrival prevented 
him, he had abfolutely made himfelf Mifter of the fi,ld : But 
beto-e the arrival of the Duke of RoVz^'s Deputies, the condition 
ot affiirs In ?i6i^!i being much altered by !:he defeat of K«>^, the 
retaking o:^" Knyxn.,^nX the Treaty commenced -by Lt Force , they 
were remitted to theQ^ieen-Mxher, who ftayed ati^.r^fej, and 
froni thence to the Chancellour at Paris, fo that they returned 
without hivmg efF-'fled any thing : The King keeping on his way 
inG/^if>z«?,concludes the Treaty with L^ VoYce,^\io for a Marflial 
n^Trajtce his flaff, and two hundred thoufand crowns gave up Saint 
IPoy, which he hid injariou fly gotten, and detained ^io\\\Terbom 
Parda:llan*s{on in law: And he, and his fons gave up all the Of. 
fices, and Govern nenrs they enjoyed, without the privity of the 
Aflfembly general or the Duke of P^o/jaa. 

While this Treaty was in agitation, Tomdfis, after a hand- 
fome defence, was furrendred to the Duke d' Elbewf -, and 
\igftift made a particular compofition for Clerac, which he yield- 
ed ahb, fo that the Kin^ came to S:imt Antonln without any 
o:heroppofirion: The Inhabitants oi Mon-taubin i mindful of 
the good Qfficcs they had received from thofe of Sdini Ariton'm ,r 
tliough they feared they, ihouid disfmnifh then^felves of Souldi^ 

Book II. The Memoir es of the *Dhke of Rohan. 77 

ers, lent thither Saint Sib-iftlen a Captain in Beaufort^s Regi- 
ment, with what Souldiers they could fpare to command the 
place: But his being mortally wounded, ipanaflault made up- 
on feme out- vorks, which were carried by main force, together 
vith the fpringing of foine Mines, fo terrified the Inhabitants, 
that in greatconfi'fion, andfo fuddcply yielded they the Town> 
ihat two hundred men , which they dciived from Mdntanban^coi\- 
duifted by Salcc:, and KoHJfeliere found the place taken , where 
they were quietly let in by the enemy who ftabbed many of them, 
before tlie reft could perceive that the place was loft. But at length 
difccvcrlng their error, they fared themfeltes the beft they couldj 
Salce and Ko'ijfelkre were taken, and not relcafcd but by the Arti- 
cles of Peace. 

Thofe'of Montanhan fearing that from Sahit Aiito7i:n the 
nextvifit would be to them 5 follicitedthc Duke (^^ V^ohan for a 
Governour, and fome fupplies of men , who fent them Salut An- 
d'i de Montbrioi , who with great courage , and equal fortune 
made way for himfelf and five Hundred Men into the 

The King's approach to the higher Lungnedo c greatly dif- 
hcartnedthe whole party, and give thofe that were falfe among 
them an occanon to renew their intelligences ; Every Town in 
particular, fent the fame harfh mcflage to the Duke , thatunlefs 
heprefently repair thither, the whole Countrey will be given up. 
This caft him into man9 anxious pcrplexitiesj for if he goes not 
whither he is called, the Countrey is loft 5 andif hedoesgo , he 
leaves the \o\stx l.aui;M do 6 to a manifcft hazard , where hisab- 
fence would a\yz ChaHillod aw opportunity to revive his fadions 
and confpiracies : And on the other fide the Duke de Lefdigui- 
na prefles him with reiterated fummons to a fecond interview r 
At length he refolves to relieve thofe that were moft neceffitated, 
cxcufes \\\m^t\i io Lefdiguteres y fends a renfort of Souldiers t« 
Mon'pcUier , to preferve their fields from ravage , by reafon that 
the Duke of MommorcTicy had received a recruit of five Troops 
cf light Horfe , which Zamet brought him from the King's Ar!iry> 
and gives order for the levying of a thoufand men for the higher 
tangu-doc ; v. hither as he was going with his own attendants'"on- 
ly, Chauve , Minifter of the Church of Sommhrs ^ a man of ex- 
emplary piety , and fingular eloquence, comrsto him at Smt 
^oMdc Gardonmnque y and tells him that he knew, and that by 
very good information , that ChafUilon , much difpleafcd with 
himfelf for his former aftions , was fore troubled to fee the im- 
minent ruine of thofe of the Rtligion , whom, but for t\\t a^"- 
Irontshchad receifcd , he hnd luvcr defcrtcd^ asd was confi- 

y2 ThstM'emdiresfif the D^ke of Kohin, Book !!> 

dtnzy that if he were handfomcly dealt with? he would return a-* 
ffainto the party, lo the great advantage of it, both by rcafon 
oftheconfidera^ion of hispcrfon, cipcciiWy in La?igue doc y and 
©fthe confequcnceofthe Town of Aiguemortes ^ which was ia 
his hands. This was a device of ChaftiUojCi confederates, who^ 
jknowing the reputation of this Minifter, had abufed him with 
thcfehepes, that the Dukes refufal to admit of him, might fur- 
nifti them with more fpecious pretences on which to ground their 
detraftions and new calumnies againft him j which the Duke 
very well forefeeing , anfwers. That he was Ibfarre from diver- 
ring his good intentions , or hindring a work of fo general con- 
cernment, as the regaining fuchaperfon to their party , that, 
on the contrary , ia any thing tending to their advantage, he 
would meet him more than half way : A $ for the command con- 
ferred on him, byreafonofthe other's abfenting himfelf from 
the Province , as he had never fued for It , fo neither was he 
fo fond of it , as not to yield it up, whenever the Province that 
gave it hlmi (hould think fit to revoke it j and that he wiflied 
with all his heart, that he would ferioufly and in good earriefl , 
comply with his duty to his own > and the publick Interefts ; that 
for his pare, he was contented with the command affigned him* 
by the general Affcmbly at Rochell , in the upper Gaienne , and 
the upper Lan-gnedoc, whither he wis now going to provide a- 
gainft the dangers the King's approach gave them caufe to feare, 
leaving the way open for Chaft'iUon to return to thofe he had be- 
fore forfaken: However the duty he owed both to his imploy- 
raent, andconfcience, obliged him to fay, that there were yet 
many things in this cafe to be confidered , and that the ProvlBcc 
ought maturely to weigh, and every one in particular ftridly to 
examine the importance and confequences of this affair , and 
principally C&^«^/e himfelf, both by reafonof his profeffion, and 
the charge he had now undertaken: But that the infallible tryal 
ofhis finccrity wouldbe, whether he would eff^ftively deliver up 
into the hands of the Province, the Town of A'lgnemortes ; for 
that if his pretences to ferve the party were real and fincere , he "^ 
would make no difficulty of it, but if feigned and fallacious , he 
would never dif-polfeffe himfelf of it : Chauvc very well 
approved the motion , believing he would acc^t of it > and fo re- 

The Duke forefeeing that in his abfencc this bufincfs would be 
tnoved again , gave an efpecial charge to Dupky ( whom he left 
liis Agent in that Province) to take great heed, that nothing paf»- 
fed there, to the prejudice of the publick or his Intereftj to 
whichcnd he gave him fufficient power , and inftruitions, ten-. 


Book II. The Memelres of the Duke of Rohan.' 7p 

ding chiefly to this, that if this propofition were ftarted in any 
Affcmbly whatfoevcr 3 and that they (hould proceed to Treat on 
it without the precedent condition , to wit 3 that the Garifon ©6" 
AigU'CWertes (hould be firft reftored to the difpofal of the Pro- 
vince, he ftiould oppofe it j and if they Treated on thofe termes, 
he ihould fee that there were no foul play ufed, and that nothing 
Were concluded without a previous performance «f that con- 

Thisdoncj heproceediinhis journey to the higher Langue- 
doc, and arrives there juft upon the taking of Saint ^ntomriiand 
fo opportunely, that he prevented the Rendition of L^mbe^ziA 
^ealmont-i and revives the drooping and almoft decayed fpirits of 
the whole Countrey, in which he loft nething but Carmaing^Sam 
E^ue', and Cucq-y the firft by treachery>the other two by reafon o£" 
their weaknefs were quitted by the inhabitantSjand afterwards fired, 
as the Army marched by. 

The King feeing? that the Countrey refumed their courages, 
advances further, carried on with the hopes the Duke of Mo«f- 
morejicy and Cfc>i^?7/o« gave him , and chiefly of M<7??/^ci/if?-,. fen- 
ding all his Ammunition down the Khone 10 ihzlovj^vLanguedoc^ 
BUccons revolt, who fold f^aye to the King for twenty thoufand 
Crowns , having opened the paffage of that R iver : The Duke of 
Vi.ohan on the other fide gets before them , and enters MompiUi- 
er at ihe fame time the King got into Bc^iiers ; leaving a tlK>u- 
fand Foot with Malau^e to aflift him againft the Duke of y^cH- 
dofme, whom the King had left with an Army in the higher Lan- 
giicdoc, as he had alfo the Marfhal Thcmines with other Troops a- 
howilAontahhan. •• '\ 

About the fame time came a Gentleman to the Dulcc of K.d- 
han , from the Duke of BouiUon , with credential Letters , iai- 
porting alfo hisrefentments ofthemifericsofthofeof the Religi- 
on y that he thought a Peace would have been concluded at Saint 
^ohn.'y and afterwards at Montauban ^ that, fince that heunder- 
ftood that he and the Duke de Lefdiguicyes were in Treaty about 
it , that he advifed him to conclude it upon any terms , provided 
it were general ; for that being not abkto difputc the field with 
the King, for want of forraign affiftance, their deflrudion , 
though it might be retarded, would yet be inevitable , and that 
the longer the peace was deferred, the more difadvantageous 
' would jt be : Ncverthclefs if it was our ruine , that they had in- 
alterably decreed, thathe would take the field with v\ hat forces 
he could make ? to afiift the party by a ccnfiderable divefficn of 
the enemy J that he was in Treaty with Count Hcnsfcld :, and 
sharhcdcfired three things oftlicDuke: Firll, that he would 


So The (JHemoim of the Dnk^ of Rohan. Baok If, 

irfipower him to Treat with Forraigncrs r Secondly, ^hat liCjand 
the Provinces undef h^s comtitandj Ihould oblige themfclves to 
bear an ecjual (hare of the charge of the Levyes : Thirdly, that 
no Peace fltould be concluded without him j all which Propofiti- 
ons were aflented to , and the Gentleman returned well fatisfiedj 
having alfo received a faithful aHurancc? that if the peace were 
not made by the firft of September ^\t fhould nor be concluded with- 
out him, provided that with in the time limited he were certified of 
his acceptance of the conditions. 

In the abfence of the Duke of Koh.i?i from the lower Langut- 
doc , the Council of that Province , compoled at that time of the 
Deputies of the three Towns of Mo^z/^c/Zi^r , Nifmess and Ufe-:^y 
imagining that (ince S-iint Arofti?t was taken , they might be 
the next the King would invade, and that though the fort .ficari- 
onsof Mo^-f/'e/Z/er were already well advanced, yet was it unpro- 
vided of men and provlfions, conceived it neceflary to affembld 
the whole body of the Province , to order all j and Lunel was the 
place defigned for the Aflembly to be kept at j where when alt 
the Deputies with D//:p/^;( were met , and had debated, and refol- 
ved on what concerned the Viduallin^ and fecuringof MofitpcUi. 
tr, and other places in cafe they ihould be befiegcd j the adhe- 
rents of ChapiUoi , of which there were many prefertt , having 
made their parry , thinking to make their advantage' of this op- 
portunity , produced againc the Articles for his rc-cftabli(hment ; 
TheDeputiesofthe three Towns, voluntarily, and of themfclves 
oppofedthis oveiture, for fear of fallmg into the hands, and un- 
der the command of one? they had fo highly offended , by de- 
refllng hiir^of his charge ; Protcfting to the Affembly , that if 
they aflumed any other debate than what concerned the executing 
of the Decrees already pad 5 for the relief of Mo^/^/^f/f^/er, and o- 
ther places, they would utterly dcfert them , and d ,favo\v all their 
fature determinations ; Dupiiy in obedience to the command he 
had received , feconded this opj_>olition , which Bcrtichercs ( Mo- 
derator of the Aflembly , as bein^ the Duke's Lieutenant Gene- 
ral j alfo much countenanced, alledging, that they had no power 
to AfTemble, in the abfence, and without the permlflion of their 
General ; and that though they were now convened , yet was it 
with his goDd leave and ai^probation , and upon the prefcnt exi- 
gency of "affairs , of which they had given himanaccountjand that 
ih'is neceflity being now taken off, they ought to forbear-tUe debate 
«f other particular matters,till his return. 

NeVcrthelcfs the confederates aforefaid ■refolutely perfifted 
iflth.Mr d.-fign , renforcing errry day their follicitations , with 
hooes torrocureatlcnj^tha rcfi:mption of the fufpecded debate , 


Book II. The (Jilcmolreiofthe D/ikf cf Rohin, 8l 

andtocarry itby plurality of voices , or at leaft by this means i» 
tzkc off Lftne! y Almargues, and hUugtiio ^ which adhering; to 
Chafi:Uon , v/ouldraife.hisefteem at Court; oc whidi when the 
Deputies of the three Towns, and Dnpny had norice , they refol* 
ved, thar at the firfl mention of it, they v/oi'dd objcd the intereft 
of the Province of the St-vr^zf J- , v/hichbeingapai^ of the Gene- 
rality of the lower Latigftedoc y itniufl needs be prejudicial to 
the common repofe of both the Provinces, to determine that af- 
fair? without the others intervention or ptivity; .wherefore they 
fent a tru:: account of all that had palled to the Council of thnc 
Province then fitting at Andu-:^ , together with their advice con- 
cerning what they conceived ought to be done by them in the 
behalf of their Province: The fame Deputies alfo, with Dtipuys, 
went to Bcrticheres to make fure of him , who faithfirlly promifea 
to continue immoveable in his oppofition. In the fucceeding Scf* 
fions there were ftlllfome words thrown out by C7?^j'?///y?«'s friends, 
concerning that fubje^ , but they palfcd unregarded. In the 
meanwhile came the Depui;Ies froai the Aflfcmbly of the Pro- 
vince oUYizScvems y who made a large Remonflrance of the 
injuries their Province would receive from the change they would 
introduce in their proceedings, that it was an unheard of proce-t 
dure , and that their Province could never fuffer, that that cf 
'Laiiguedoc y ihouldby it felf prcfumeto abrogate the Decrees of 
the AfTembly of the Circle , or five Provinces , in which the De- 
puties of the AfiTembly of the Sevcna had a joync concurrence of 
Votes with thofe of the \o\stzLan.g:ied§c y and moreover repre- 
fented to the Afiembly their own Interefls , and the inconveni- 
ences would enfue their fubrfiitting themfelves to the power and 
condudof, whom they had fo highly provoked, by the 
fufpicions they had of him ; andintheiaft place protefted. That. 
in cafe the AfTembly fl^ould proceed further? in the abfence of the 
Duke of Kohariy or without his confent and approbation,they would 
abfolutely difclaim them. 

This oppofition of the Deputies of the Council of the Sevcnef, 
feconded by thofe of the three Towns, grounded upon their o'-vn^ 
and the large CommiiTion, and power of Dupny fomething cool- 
ed the heat of thofe follicltours, which yet in a fliort time after 
they refumed again ; and importuned Chauve anew, to profecute 
whit he had begun i which he would by no means undertake, 
without imparting it to J^npuy y who after'he had remcmbredhim, 
upon what terras' he had parted with the Duke of Koha^i at S:itnt 
^ohn de Grrdomrnqae) tells him that hewou'd confider of it, 
and then c^ive him his anfwer •, and in the mean time had a con- 
ference about it with the Deputies of the three To.vnS;who thought 

G ic 

S2 TheMemoiresoftheDp^keofKohzn, Book 11. 

k not unfit that ChaHve^ as of himfelf, and without any particular 
Commlifion) fhould found Chafiillo^'s inclinations , to difcovcr 
whether he would yield to that condition of delivering up Aigue- 
mortes into the hands of the Province, which was then very op. 
portunely met, to receive both it , and him, with all aflurance he 
could defire of an Amnefty , and the continuance of their refpcds 
to him : It being moft apparant, that Chafiillon, who they knew 
defired nothing more than to intrude himfelf among us , only td 
render himfclf more confiderablc , andhis Interefts more favou- 
red at Court, would never disfurnifli himfelf of the only means 
left him , to procure a performance of the promifes made himt 
and that thus they (hould alfo make him defift from his purfuic. 
When they had given C/w«t;e their anfwer in chefe termes? he 
approved of it ; and promifed to comport himfelf according to 
their direftions j and thereupon had a conference with 'BajijiUoit, 
the Minlfter of Aiguemortes , who highly magnified the advanta- 
ges this re-eftablifhment of C,^fl^;iZo» would produce to their par- 
ty in general : To whom Chciuve replyed , That it would be im- 
polfible to efface the impreflions ChaUillon^s procedures had left 
in the whole Province , unlefshe fupplicd them with the means he 
had in his hands 3 by yielding up the Town oi Aiguemortes to their 
difpofal; which if he would do, they would evidence the con- 
tentment they hadjto fee a perfon of his quality return into rhc 
way from which he had digrefTcd, by their promptnefs to fervc and 
honour him, as they had formerly done : This difcourfe pleaf«4 
notBanpUen at all, who told him, that he conceived that Cha.- 
fiiUofi neither would , nor ought to confent to this Propofition; 
that he had good reafon to take heed of falling into thofe fnares 
he knew were fpread for him 3 for that having devefted him of 
all power? they might the more eafily difpofe of him at their 
pleafure , or at leaft pay all his former fervice with the cold re* 
ctompenceof Oblivion, ornegledj and that therefore he con- 
ceived the Treaty abfolutely broken : Upon whichsas Chauve was 
about to leave him, he cold him 5 that he would give ChAUiUm 
an account of all , and him an anfwer the next day at the fame 
place ; which he did, and in effed conformable to his own pre- 
conceptionsjwhich abfolutely cleared the judgement of Chauve, and 
many others airo,when he had given the Aflembly a Summary of 
this conference. -^ 

In the mean while the Deputies of the three Tcwtts Inceflarir- 
\y follicitcd V^puy , to pr^fs the Duke of Kobe's return » repre* 
Tenting to him the condition of the Province, and the danger k 
%vasin of being ruined by the dlvi/ions fprung from this late Pro- 
pciiiionj and the delay his abksic; ©ccaiicncd inthc prcgrefsrf 


Boo^II. ThtCMemalres&ftheDHkefKohin. 85 

?heir affaires : Whereupon D^^k? refolvcd, to make a journj^ 
himfelFto iheDukeof Roha»i But yet he would not leave t^a 
/ifTcmblyj before he had gotten a promifc from Bfrtickerei , thar 
there ftiouldbe'no more mention made of the aforefciid re-cfta- 
bliihrncnc for eight daycs , by which time he fhould rsLuin a-> 
gain from i^ifmes v.hither he pretended h^ ecin^ 5 but in 
the mean time he2;cesby^reat journeys towards the Duke,. wlioni 
he found at Vont 2e Camares y who haying received froai hi:T^ an 
account of all paffages, quitted aH ether things to return uich ail 
pofliblc fpeed to the lower Larjguedocr When he was.coms ta 
Mirveis i he fent a Gentleman ? with command to travel night 
and day to the Aflembly, tolet them know that he was within twq 
days journey of them , and defired them to fufpcnd all further de- 
bates concerning their affairs, till his arrival. 

This unexpeded news furprized the Alfcmbly fo , .that In-? 
ftead of continuing their confultations , they went to meet him as 
farre as Sommieresj where when he had learned of themj^'hat or- 
der they had taken for the raifing of Souldiers , and fupptjing the 
Garifons with neceiTariesjhe ratified what they had done , and f* 
difmiired them. 

Thus ended this tentative ©f Cbai}iUen*s fvknds to report 
him to a repute with the Party : After which Rehr.n went to 
MontpdLieY-i where he turned fifteen or fixteen of his ehiefeft Gea- 
fidents out of the Town, and ordered all th jr.^i ncccfl'ai y(as before 
he had done at Hontauban) for a fiegejboth for ammunitionjvidtii- 
alsjand the fortifications. .. 

It istobe obferved, that in the Duke's abfence , Amcric the 
•ill ft Conful of MontpcUier , and Cari'mcas his Kinfman , took r c- 
cafionupona defeat of two or three companies, n^ar to PooZ/fr, 
which Saint And e had Tent thither , while the enemy was plun- 
dering the Countrey thereabouts 5 to accufe h'.m to the people » 
who had already a jealoufie of him j and Bertichcres, thous; his 
father-in-law, inftead of afliflinghimj helped to thruft him out 
of the Town j not out of any afftdion to the caufe , but of a pe- 
ftllentafnbition raigned among them ; every one labouring to 
laifehisown advantages upon the mines of others, and better 
~ their conditions by delivering Mon^pellier to the King : But the 
feventeen dayes flay the Duke made there? and the difcoyery he 
I made, by a Meflenger of the Prefident Faure , takert neare 
yiifm s , xhatBerticheres Treated with the Kin^, together with 
Tome Colonels , who were ordered for the defence of Men.'pel- 
lier-y and the execution of Biman , who was one of thcm» 
reduced things to abetter porture; But yet thcfe difordcrs re- 
tarded the Jtevycs, fo that of fours thoiifand Soiildien de.'ignri 
- . G 2. ed 

S4 ^'^^^ CMemeWesof the Vt^ke of Roh an Book H 

cd for the dzitacc of the Town y they got in but fifteen 

It is moreover to be noted , that the Dulcc of Rohan feeing 
the great wane of Ammunition in the Province of lower Langne- 
(foc, and of time, and means to foitifie all thcit Garifons, pro- 
pofedthedifnuntling of them, and the reducing of their forces 
X.0 Mo'i pcUier -, Nip/tJS ^ llfi':^ zndSomm'cres-, which the people 
then reje^'^ed 5 but have fince, though too late> repented itj for 
their obftinacy drew upon them the lofs bothof their Eftates and 
Liberties ; for whiles they vainly tr.fl:d away their time and la- 
bour, in fortifying To many places, neither of them was fortified 
or defended as it ought, but both they,and the reliefs fent to them, 
which in the other places would have been of great ufe , were now 
made wholly unferviceable. 

The Kln:^ feeing that the care and diligence of the Duke of 
Roha?t had defeated all the defignes ot'thofe that would have delK 
veredup Mon^pilller to him, ftaid fome time at ^^TJcrs to cx- 
pecl his Ammunitions , and to recruit his Army : And in the 
incan time fent the Mirflial dc ?raflm to befiege Bcd^rieux i 
which he took, and difmantled j and then fent the Duke of -W<)??^r 
mo e-firy to take in Mtnguio , which the inhabitants knew not how - 
to defend 5 nor yet would they quit it j nor fpeyle the wines, as the 
Duke oiRe^^aft had commanded them. 

Tht Prince of Condg about this time came to the K'ng's Ar- 
my, and thence went to bcCiegc Luncl andM^jJiUargucs ^ withiri 
ha'f a League one of another , and fufficiently ftorcd with all 
iieceflaries , there being in Lwtcl two Colonels befidcs the Go- 
vernour , who all joyndy wrote to the Duke of Roha?!. , that if he 
would fend them in but five hundred So.ildicrs, they would g>c 
a handfom- account of the place: The Duke, when he had fet- 
led Ca.lg7i.gcs in Mon^tpdlier , and left Dupity his Agent there , in 
his name to provide all things requifite for the defence of the 
Town, went j.Hirpofely to prepare the defired fupply , and ftct 
them in eight hundred men; but much to their regret ; for the 
n xtday , though they had nocfuflfered any the leafl cx!rtmity , 
and ti lac the breach made was nor conHderablc , they yielded 
Sic.-iirelves with all their Arms, and Bagf^age. Thofc of M^t/JU- 
i I'guci had done the like but a few dayes before : But the Arti- 
cles ciLr,;el were violated even before the Prince of Conde*9 
tace ; for vv hen the Garifon marched out, they were beaten, dif- 
armed, flripc, and a great part of them killed or maimed; and 
*n cni. lamentable pofture went ^hcy to 'Nifmes\\r\d Sommicres, on 
which thfiv brought fo great a terror , that upon the appcarartce 
-$5Uh€ enemy before SommineSy in whkh th:te were fifteen- hun- 

Book rr. Tie C\femolres of the Duke of Rohan. S $ 

dredmen, theydid evenas badasthofeof/./.';z-V; and> uhlchlsa 
nioft fhameful thing to be related, the Captains look two thou* 
fand Crowns, to leave their arms to the enemy. 

TheTownof iV//)«5j alarmed by thefe fad accidents , fcnt 
MefTengers to requcft a vifit from the Duke of , which he 
willingly condefcended to, but firfli got together as many Sou'di- 
crs as' he could at /^/i^/."^^, which he left under the Command of 
Choree his Lieutenant Gcnerjil in the 5rL.'f/;(?i 3 and of the Adju- 
tant General, who when they faw the Duke of Montmorency re- 
turn to the Seveit:5 , drew into a body about a quarter of a League 
>irom A/idHTC J at a Pafs not eafily acceflible, which they fortifi- 
ed ; and had not their care and diligence in furnilbing Sauve and 
Met\ with' two valiant and expert Commanders , and a thou- 
find, or twelve hundred Souldiers , drav>n out of Saint Hyppo- 
lits , and the places adjacent prevented it , thofc two Towns 
had been alfo loft: ; So that the good poflure they were in , toge- 
ther with the Duke of Rohan's ob{lrU(fling o{ Montmo cncy's pro- 
vifions, which came a great way off, forced hlm> after a fuccefTc- 
lefs voyage,*to return again. 

In the mean time the Marfliil TJicmims plundred all the Coun- 
trey about Montaiiban , burnt all their Countrey houfes, and ob- 
ftiufled their Vintage : ButalUhish'.ndred not Saint de 
Montbrnri , their Governour , from drawing cut h!s Canom and 
battering, and taking many Caftlcs, among others, K ??-'>', and 
l.i Biftidr f and floring his Town with Corne and Wine for a 
whole yeare: He had alfo feveral S'^Irmifnes with tiie Gari- 
fon of Mmtech , and others alfo, and fbiU came off with honour 
and advantage. 

The Duke of Vcndofme alfo with fcven thoufand Foot , an<! 
five hundred Horfe, fate down before Lombc^-^ Malauxe comes 
to Kealmnt with intention to relieve it ; but conceiving it not te- 
nable agalnft fuch a force, by reafon of the weaknefs of the 
Town, and that the Caftle which commanded it, was Garlfon'd 
by the enemy; contented himfelf after a long Skirm'fh , with- 
drawing off the Souldiers , as well inhabitants, asftrangers; and 
abandons the town, which was burnt. From l.ombc':^ the Duke 
march cs to befiege B/jffy?i? , a little place , weak of it felf > and 
commanded almoft on every fide : Thither M.ilnur^e fent five 
hundred men under the Command of FaucoTi , one of Sejigny*s 
Captains , who behaved himfelf very gallantly : H- endured the 
Siege a month or more , beat them off in four or five affaults , 
was twice relieved with frefli fupplies of men and powder , by 
MaUut^^ whofe main body lay at Saint Paid and Mhtte ^ a- 
tbouc a League and half from Btitejie's and nrv^r hid more than 

. G 5 tAO 

16 The CMetHolrescfiheT^ukeofKohfin, Book 11. 

rwc choufand Fo^, and wo hundred Volunticrs on Horfc-back j 
ivich whom , and by the means p^ the brave refiftance of the be- 
fieeed 3 he did fo well , that the Duke of Venchfrne , being com- 
tpanded by the King to come^ and joyn his pbrces with the Army 
ihat lay before Morupellier , raifed the iiege after he had fpcnt 
two choufand Canon bullets on themj and loft fifteen hun- 
'ired of his men y ^nd thofe within the town three hun- 
dred. • 

The departure of this A npy, freed the whole Country from 
tnuchharm> a nd f^rcarer fears ; and invites us to return tp the 
io.ver lafi^ncdoc > where the Duke de Lefdlgiueres , havinfe 
exv:i>angcd his ReKgion for the honour to he made Conftable of 
Viunct ^ conceiving hinifelf more capable now, than hcretc^oiea 
io procure a Pes cc , follicltes the Duke of Wohm to another in- 
terview , who fccips; the hopes he had grounded on the Couiit 
Man-ifiUd^ v.l'.owasgonc into Hy/Z^Wi^a had failed him , the 
more willingly complks with his de fires. They met at S^nut P/i^ 
vm 9 where chcy agreed on all things, except the King's entry 
into Mmpduer ; whereupon he obliged the Duke to*a journey to 
jhc Town,- topropofc it to them, with all poffible aflurances, 
:hcy fliou'd dcfirc> to teftifie, that they intended not the leaft in- 
ffingjcmcntof their liberties: l^utthis to be done without any 
vcfiation of Arms j ncr was the Dbke allowed more than t^o da yes 
i^aytlicrc, to pcrfcd this negotiation ; who, confiderine; the 
danger Mon^tpeidier was in, unlcfs fupplied with a new rerifort of 
Sculdiersj for that the works being not finKhed , their defers 
were to be mndc i;p with an addition of mere men , fends exprefs 
Oideis CO his Adjutant General 5"pr/t? 5 to draw twelve hundred 
men, cutpithetvofhoufand hehad with tpuch adoe detained at 
Afidf^r^-' , and by the Valley of Montferrant condud themto Mont- 
^eUler , th? nit!;ht cnfuing the evening that he (hould get in there: 
But when the Captains and Souldieis knew that they were to be 
locked up in ?4onipcU: or ^zhcy all deferred the ^djutant, who came 
liiither acc<?mp;»nicd only with fifteen. 

Thcfe of u'>/5S'0f/^^f/- wpuldbynomeansadralt of the Propo- 
sition concerning; the Kij^g's entry into their Town^ fcaringafup* 
preiiion of their liberties ? by reafon of the Prince of Conde\ ani- 
niofincsa^aiaft them; which the Duke perceiving, encourage? 
them to ftani bravely upon their defence , afluring them that he 
wou!ci provitie fer their relief 3 in which? for his parr, he omitted 
r.cthing that mightfprward it : But as there is a vaft difference* 
bGcweenthcprcmifesj ar-d payment of money, fo inftead of tea 
days , within which time hi thought to have fent them aidj not"- 
■Wi5hilsndirgl}isjoar?icysio iiifm ^^ UfL\^ zji^xhtScasnes, m% 


Book II. The LMemoires ofthe'Duke of Rohani 87 

wkhoitf manlfeil hazard of his pcrfon, could he not, under fi^* 
weeks 5 get four thoufand men together; nor thofe neither vvk'*"' 
out engaging himfclf by promifes to moftof the Captains; that 
they were not to be fent to Montpellkr , but only that the con" 
^deration of their numbers might procure them a more advan* 
tageous Peace : So great was their conftcrnation ; and thofe 
that were defiroLis to get thither, were yet deterred by the ap- 
prehcn/ion of the difficulties 5 which really were very great; 
the King having then an Army confifting of twenty thoufand 
Poot, and three thoufand Horfe ; for the Conftable ? and the 
Duke of Ven-dofme had now joyned their's with the other Forces ; 
be/idesj fo great a way were they to go , and fuch difficult paf- 
fes had they to get through > that it was impoffible to approach 
within three Leagues of the Town 5 without cncountring the 
King's whole Cavalry ; and moreover fo great a fcarcity was 
iherc of Proviifions, that they could not keep the Troops together^ 
more than eight or ten da yes : Thofe o^MontpcUier of the ©ther 
fide , could no longer fubfift for want of men , by reafon of the 
cxceffiveduty they were on 5 and therefore every moment fenc 
they mofl important Letters for relief; To which may be added 
alfo a new 5'ummons fent him by the Conftable , who had before 
left the Court in fome difcontent for that he could not prevaile 
to obtain a Peace ; yet now at his return was he in higher c- 
fleem , both by reafon of the Forces he had brought with him, 
and that the Prince, in his abfence, had nothing advanced the 
Siege : All which the Duke confidcrlnCT, and that he was utterly 
defliture of hopes of any Forraign afliflance , having newly re- 
ceived a Letter from the King of England preffing him to con- 
clude a Peace , and feeing no probability of any good to be done 
at home; every one being weary of the War, and labouring to 
purchafehis own particular fafety , wirh the expence of the pub- 
lick Interefl; that the firft Town (hould fall off, and embrace a 
particular Treaty , would totally fruftrate all endeavours for a ge- 
Jieral Peace ; that the leafl crofs accident (hould happen to Munt- . 
pelliery or the relief intended for it, would be irreparable ; that 
the King could not want men » the Duke of Angmlcfme beir^ 
then at Lions with a recruit of eight, or ten thoufand ; and that, 
Kvith out a miracle , Montpcllter conW not hQ prefervcd; Morc- 
ovcrj feeing that there were about the King two powerful par- 
ties ; the one preffing the conclufion of a Peace, the other , the 
continuation of the War ; and that the former could not fubfift 
without a Peace, no more than the other without a War ; and. 
that the Chief of the latter , to wit, the Prince of Cnnde had 
^fferteddic Court upon the Ccmpofurc of former differences > 

8 8 T^^f McmoWes of the Duks o/Rohapi Book.If. 

he conceived that thofe that promoted the Peace being alwayes 
neare the King 5 woisld rake care to fee it faithfully obferved ; 
This made him rcfolve upon another conference vviih the Con- 
ftabje, at which the Duke of Chevr eufe" \szs prefent; where aU 
was concluded acco. ding to the Declarations and Breviates drawn 
up to that purpofe : Which when the King acquainted the of Conde wit'i , he Icf: the Court ; and the Duke of /?<?- 
te, wich the Deputies of the S'.x'?/?-cj, Nfff^es, zn^Ufe^^ went 
to Mo^'p Uierjwhtrc they all confTimed the Peace ; the fubftance 
of the principal Articles of which was^ as followeth : 

1. A Confirmation of the Ed';(fl of jV<^»frjjand of all Declarations 

and Articles Regiftred in the Parliaments, 
a. A reftoriiig of both theReligions to the placesjwhere they were 

formerly cxercifcd. 

3, Arc-cftablinii-nentof the feats of Juft ice. Offices of the re- 
ceipts 3 and Officers cf the Fraances to .thofe places and 
towns where they vvere before the troubles, except the Cliam- 
ber ofthe pdidofG/*;f»;r, to A'^r^c. 

4. Prohibitions to hold all Aflcmblles concerning civil affiirs 
without leave, bat an allowance of thofe relating to Ecclefia- 

iVical afflux only y as Co'i/ijloi ies f Colle^^ucs 9 National} and. 
Provincial Sy/iods. 

J. ADifchargc of nil Ads of Hoftillty according to the tenor of 
the feventy fix. h j and fevcnty fevemh Articles of the Edids, 
of Nantes. 

6' A particular Abolition for vVhat happened a: Privas before the 

7. Acleare Dlfchargc of all Pcrfons liable to any accounts, 
and Officers 3 according to the feventy eighth , and feventy 
ninth Ai ricks of the fiiid Edicls of ysmtes y as alfo of all 
Judgements, given againft thofe of the Religion 5 fiace 
t?ie Commencement of the prefcnt commotions, according to 
the fifty eighth, fifty ninth, andfixticth Article of the fecond, 

•Edia. "^ ^ ■ ; 

S» A Confirmation of all Ju(igements,giverfb.^ Judges of the Re-; 
ligion, Conflitutedby the Superiours of the Party j both in 
Civil- and Ciiminal matters. 

9. A free Dilchargc of ail perfons of both Parties 5 without ran- 

10. A rcf^oripg of all pcrfons to their Efiates5Liberties5and PrI- ' 
vlledges, Offices, Honours,and Digniricsjnorwithflandliyg any . 

, <fcrnaer GiUsor Confifcatioirs, ■ -^ 

u. And 

Book II. TheAfemoiresefthe DnkjofRoh^n. Sp 

31. And more particularly the King doth Declare, Ordaine y 
and Decree, That for the future there (hall be no Garifaa 
kept , nor Cittadel built in the Town of Montpellier ; but 
thathisMajeflie's pleafureisj that the charge cf the Town 
fliall be in the hands of the Confuls, and that there be no in- 
novations there , except the deaiolifhing of the late fortifi- 
3 Z' That all the fortifications of /vec'?f//^)a nd MofUaiibtmy remain 
intire 5 and the moiety of thofe of the Towns of Nijmes , Ca- 
ftm, tlfc\y and ^iUii^d, 

The end of the Second Book^ 




Jooklll. ■ 







The third Book. 

Containing a Relation of the feoond War/e againfi 
' tho[e of the Reformed Religion in FraHce. 

^He Peace thus concluded 5 the Prince gone from 
the Court, and his Fadion^ by his abfence, and 
the death of the Cardinal de Ret\ quite de- 
cayed, every one began to have fair nopes of 
its continuance-, and that, grown wife by our 
former tiiifcarriagesj we ihould now renounce 
all future thoughts of Civil broyles, and mind 
ihe ProteAIon of the ancient Allyes of the Crown : But the beams 
©f favour now refleding folely on Vnirjeuxy^. man of a hot fpiritj 
and whofe whole ingenuity confifted in tricks and fallacies, he be- 
came more ftudious of his own, than his Mafters geatneJTe ( a 
vice incident to all favourites) being carefull to raife himfelf feme 
props at RjOWf, and very unwilling to gi^c Spam the Icasl difguft; 
f ••( ■• . •■ So 

^z The Memolres of the DnJ^e of JKohxn. Boole IIL' 

So that all Leagues with other forrajgne Princes, were made with 
fuch refped to thofe two powers, as if we flood in fear of their 
-difplealurc : Nay, and to footh the Vopcs Ntincio , who had al- 
fvayesoppofed the Peace, at the very beginning of it> would im- 
^ertike to (hew him, that it was not made to abate the prefccuti- 
on J but to promote the ruinc of thofe of the Rcforrned Religion. 
For immediately afrcr the Kind's entry into MompcUier, the fenfe 
of the general Grant was inverted in moft places of it, notwith- 
llanding the fevcral Remonftrances the puke of Kohan made to 
oppofe it : Nor were the Souldiers drawn away from MompUkr^ 
though promifed to be done immediately after the King*s depar- 
ture; then was it put off, till his return from P/o-yc^^^^s then, till 
he came to Av'rgiton^ and laftly till he (hould be at L'mis-^ whence 
theEHfke of Re'u» having followed him to all thofe places, urg- 
ing their departure very earneftlyi and perhaps too bolclly, telling 
the King they ilioald ciefift frpm farther razing the fortifications^ 
if he revolicd that command, returned with a Letter tol^aleftcey 
commanding him exprefly to do it. Nor did they forbear in their 
march through /->:?«/?/;•«? to feize. upon all the places that were in 
the hands of thofe of the Religion? though they had feived the 
Kings party, the onV recompence they had for fighting againft 
their cojifcienccs, nor were any but thofe only, that were polkfled 
by the Q^iftable, exempt from this violence, which yet he pie- 
ferved with much difficulty, for had not the Marflial Crcqid en- 
gaged to deliver them up after his death, they had then goneche 
fame way with -he reft. At Lioity the Deputies of Kochellc came to 
wait nponthe King, whence they carried back Letters to A, mud 
•Covernour of /o f Lf wVj , cemmanding him? that within eight 
^ayes after the K3t/A''//<?/'i had performed what the Articles had en- 
joyned thcm^ as concerning the demolition -of their fortifications, 
he fliouldcaufe the faidForrto be flighted alfo ; but Aiitaui re- 
ceived another of tf)e fame date, but a cleare contrary 

When the King went from L'o;2f, towards V.vck^ the Duke of 
JJote returned to LxiiguedeCy really and fincerely to execute, what 
ever had been promifed in the name of thofe of the Religion, 
touching that part of their fortifications ihey ought to flight. Go- 
ing to Mofttpellie/ , he found the Confulate of the Merchants 
changed, of which he complains to the Court? but in vaine: He 
delivers the Kings Letter to KtUrue, who promifed to obey it i 
from thence lie goes toNlfmcs and Ufc^twhom he prefently feti 
on work 5 thence to the higher Linpedoc, Mon-tiuban^ JFoir, 
and Ro'icigne^ where at a conference with the Duke of ycntadonYj 
^z ^oum pf C.jr;?*^//i.', the Prefidea: dc Cm.Mde^ and the Count 

Boot III, The Memoir e 5 of the ^hke o/* Rohan. 95 

<i* Aquicn, Commiflioners, as he was for the dcfholilhihg the for^ 
clficarlons) all things were agreed on becweeh them and he for 
his pare inftamly fee about them, deliver Ing up alfo all Forts, and 
Towns that had been taken in the Wjtrre> rtftoring alfo the cx- 
e cife o^ the Komifl) Religion to thofe places, v\here it had been 
'fo:mer!yu fed. 

NotwithHariding- all which VaUncg) \vh05befides the four thou- 
fand men were in Alontpcliier , had four or five Regirrients mjrrc', 
and three or four troops of light horfe, had dcfigned to furprizc, 
v/iih thefe the Scvenes wnder pretence of taking up quarters there, 
.and by means of fome correfpondencics he had gotten amon^ 
them 3 of which when the Duke had notice, from the principal 
Commuhakies of the Severn s , who fent him their complaints of 
this infringement of the Peace , he wrote to them back again 
■ for anfwer, that he knew it was not the Kings plearure,and there- 
fore that they Ihould not receive thcmj o.ndx.oP^alence that ht 
ihould foibear thbfe quarters till his arrival, leaft othcrwifc ic 
fhould prejudice the cftablifhment of the Peace : The Duke 6f 
VmtadoiiY^ the Count dc Carmame^ and the Prefident de Cnminade 
wrote to him to the famecffeftj \\hich he regarded not , but 
proceeded in his ^tcrprifcj the Towns of S^uve^andOange re- 
ceiving his Troopss but all the other places? upon the Duke of Ro- 
h.m'% Letter refufed them : The Duke w hen he had put things in 
■ fuch a forwardnefTe in the higher Lmguedoc^ returns to Moutpel- 
Utr according to the agreement between him 5 and Valence : But 
he was no fooner entred the Town, than made a Prifoncr , and 
kept with a fevere guard upon him : This caufcd a great aftcnilh- 
mcnt in many, who could not imagine that this Ihould be donie 
without order 5 but being known at Court, it was not approved 
of there, for fear left it fhould prove too great an obftrudion to 
thcraifing of the fortifications ; fo that his liberty was prefemly 

Wniles the Duke v/as under this reftraint, Valence^ contrary 
to the Articlesof the Peace, divides the Con^uXdiit o^ Mont pdlhr 
between thofe of the Religion and the Papifts, and to effcdir> 
iifed all manner of violence to the old Confuls, detaining them as 
prifoncrsone v/hole night in his own lodgings. 

The Court gave the Duke of Koh.zn no better fatisfadion con- 
cerning this, than the former breach of the Peacej rcceivngj in- 
ftead of relief, adv'cCithat ro avoid the fufpitions the lower lafk- 
tjiedoc had of him, he fliould remove to the higher , to cxccuti 
the remaining part of his Commiflion: For Tuy^cux brorher-in- 
lawto ?icc y having cafhiered Schomberg, and rcftorcd th? 
.Chanc:llcur his Father^ vas now the only powcifiil man 3 and by 


, ^if The U^emo'ms ^fthe Daks ^/Rohan. Book III. 

drawing falfe gloflfes upon all the aft ions of Vakn-cd improved 
them all to his advantage, and upon all occafions thwarted the af- 
fairs of the Duke of 2?ofe^«5 clouding all his attempts with inju- 
rious and finiftcr interpretations and jealoufies ; And yet upon 
the anfwer the Duke fent that he would not leave i\r///»fj , nor 
the Sevenes till they were rid of thofe Troops that lay upon them, 
he quickly received an order to difmifle them : After which he de- 
parted iGwards the lower LangHcdoc, leaving thofe of Nifma very 
much unf atisfied of himj out of a pcrfwafion that he was of in- 
telligence with the Court, and privie to all the violations of the 
Peace, and that his imprifonment was not real, but a delufory 
trick to palliate his other praftices 5 The ufual reCompencc per- 
fons of quality and .honour derive from ferfices done to the 

When he came to M'Uand he was informed, that the Duke 
d' Efpernoti had written to all the Towns held by thofe <^ the Re- 
ligion in Kouergne^ to fend him Deputies both of the one, and the 
other Religion , and that they fhould not proceed to the Eleftion 
©f their Confuls? fwho are ufually chofen at whitfumide) before 
they had from him known the King's pleafure thercinj this caufed 
a great confufion among them; but by the advice of the Duke 
of -Ke/)^» they proceed, notwithftanding, to their Eleftions , at 
the accuftomed time, according to the Declaration of Peaces which 
imports? that in the Confulary Towns, held by thofe of the Re* 
I igion? nothing fhall be innovated; and then feht their Deputies 
to the Duke d^ EH^ernon to know what his pleafure was ; Avoiding 
by this means? the injury intended to the Peace, and them in this 

This doncj he goes to Ca^resy where he fixes his refidence, and 
thence fends the King a pcrfeft account of the entire execution of 
his Commiifion ; humbly befeeching him, that, according to his 
Royal promife, the difgarrifoningof -Mo/Jf/^c/Zie/j the demolition of 
the Fort Letvki and the re-cftablifhing of the thamber(or Court 
erefted in favour of thofe of the Reformed Religion) at Cafires, 
might be no longer deferred : But inftead of receiving JuflicC*' 
thereupon, contrary to the Aft of Pacification) verified in feveral 
Parliaments, without ajiy reflriftionsj or limitations} the engage- 
ments given underhand and Seale, re-iteratcd by feveral Letters, 
the Anfwer given to the Propofitions of the Deputies general, and 
hIsMajeflies anfwcrs to the Committee of the Parliament of 
ThoHlowK^Cy concerning the Chamber of Cafircs, the Garrifon in 
Mofttp:llicr was conzm'Acd, and a Cittadel alfo was erefted there, 
the Voa Lewis was re fortified, and the Chamber was removed t© . 
^e^ers : But this was not all ; The Temples, or Churches of thofe 


Book in. The Memokfs ^fthe Dftki of Rohan. ^^ i 

<^f ibe Religion were ftill detained from them ; The Parliament 
H Thtnl^H'Ke made an Ordinance for dividing the ConJHlate of 
P^JW/Vrx, between thofc of the Reformed ^ and th«fe of the K#* 
fnijh Religion; vexes asnd torments particukr perfcns, by j^* 
prifoniftg their perfons, and fcqueftring their efftates for thingi 
they had, according to the tenor of the Declaration, been in* 
dempnlfiedfor: In fhortj the prefllires of thofe of the Religion> 
(ince the Peace^were far heavier, than thofe they fufFered in tht 
rime of the war. The Duke of i?o^<T» continues his foUicitatjons 
at Court ; and declared his mind fo freely, that he wa« forbid any 
farther to mention of their affairs, it being the King's pleafur^ 
that they fliould addrefle themfclves to the Deputies general, who 
alfo promifed with all fpced poffible to fend Commiflioners into 
the Provinces to uut the £di(f^ in execution, and redreile all their 
grievances, ^ 

In the mean while the Galleys remained ftill at Bonrdeaux, and 
the Duke of Ghife came up with his Ships to the Ifle of Re^ whicfi 
gave a great alarm to RoeheUe^ and made the Duke QiSOHbi^s-i and 
the Count de Laval^ lo retire alfo to the Town : Biic thi$ feat 
%va$ quickly over 5 the Duke withdrawing thence, and faylir^ 
with his Ships towards MarfeiUesy followed by the Galleys, whoS 
abfence had much prejudiced the trade of Frovencc, imboldning 
the Pyrates fo,that they took and carried away their Merchandi- 
ses even in fight of MarfetUfs. But the King difcovering much 
difpleafurc againft thofe that fled in to RocmCUy the Count de La- 
'^dl, went to make his Apology at Court ; But the Duke of Sou* 
hi^e, conceiving that way not honorable for him ; and that hi« 
abode in Poi^o«, or Britanj/j could not be with any fccuiity, gooi 
Akedl J to Cajlres. 

But let us now look after the Cc«imifiioii<;rs fent into LangMi-^ 
doc to put the Edift in execution ; Yavicr , Couufellor of State, 
and Saim Privaty were fent on this imployment ; biit, to mate 
ihorr, did nothing, cither in the upper, or the lower LanguedoSy 
tending to the cafe of thofe of the Religion ; but rcmov'rgto 
Vam':ers-> fell into a divifion concerning the bufincfle of the Gon- 
fulare there, and each of them fent his opinion, and reafons to 
the Court: And thus paffcd the year one ihoufand fix hundred and 
twenty three. 

In the beginning of the year 1^14. LaVictmiUe , whom the 
Chancellour had advanced to the Super-intendancc cf the Than' 
^f^, not enduring that his Benefador Ihculd be hisCcmpetiteur 
in favour, amor gft other things complain? of the difTeivices he and 
fuffteux had done the State, in prefcriirg the interfftand ad*- 
vantageof Rgmc ^ and Spamy bcfoiC that of Fifftee., and that 


^5 ThexMemoihsof the D/ik^ of Rohin. Boole Il|v 

the acce^ancc of die Articles of Peace touching the affair of the 
Valteline i by the Commander de SiUery Embafladour at Romey 
and brother to the Chancellour, was occafioned by inftruftions, 
which he f unknown to the King ) had received from Fr<?»Cf, to 
thatpurpofe: Whereupon the King; , as eafic to believe the 
ivorft , as hard to believe the beft of any one , rcfolres to dc- 
privff them of their Offices , and gives the Seals to AUigre Coun-^ 
fcllour of State , and Puifimx his Office of Secretary of State , 
was (hired among his other companions ; and l^icHviUe remain- 
ed the only Favourite; who to im^^ov^ their difgrace to his fur- 
ther advantage , caafed all the Embafladours to be changed , 
placingcreaturescf hisown in their rooms; and had like to have 
framed a Criminal Procefs againO: the Chancellour ; who in a lit- 
tle while after dyed of grief and age ; and the Keeper of the Seals 
was promoted to his place. "^ 

Afterthls, the new Favourite, changing the former Max- 
Jmes, that he might the better difcover the male-adminiflrations, 
of thofe whofc difgrace he had procured , caufcd the Treaty of 
tht ydtel'tite to be difowned ; obtaines another more advantage^ 
ous to the State ; fets on foot the Marriigeof Madame the King's 
Sifter 5 with the King of En-g'and ; renews the Leagues for the 
recovery of xhtValteime ^ and refcuing it from the oppreflion o£ 
the Ger manes : To which end Bethime was fcnt Embafladour ex- 
traordinary to Rome; the Marquefs de Cceuvres to the Valte" 
l'me\ Mansfield into Gcrma7%y with confiderable Forces; and 
the Conftable with the Duke of Savoy againfl the Gertoefes. This 
difpofition of affairs gave fair hopes of great matter s> which indeed 
had very profperous beginnings. 

And that there might be a good ftock of money to carry on, 
theWarresj an Inqulfitlon into the Fimnciers was thought very 
expedient. AMbcCnu^eBeaHmarchais Vieicville's Father-in-law 
wasthechiefefl: , andwealthieft among them 5 they refolved to 
difgrate him firft r And in order to it , firft of all they fcattered 
little Pafquils againfthim'; afcerwardis they dealt more boldly > 
•and jilainly with him 5 and every one, prognofflcating > from the 
▼iolcnt profecutlon of his Father-in-law? that himfeif was not 
like to continue long? took liberty to exhibit accufations agalnfl 
him alfo. To that at length the King commanded him to be arre- 
flej J and fent ro Amboife-, where he was kept till he made an e- 
-fcape, without ever knowing the caufe of his Imprifons^aenr, and is 
novv at his own houfc in full liberty, and fccurity. , 

To this Favourite fuccceded the Cardinal Richelieu^ wh» 
owed his firfl: introdudion toScate employments to his predeccf- 
iovLt^^ienvillv, Sec how faithfully ihcfe Favourites fcrve onea^i- 


Book nr. The Oiiemolres of the Dnke of Rohan. 97 

•other : The King recalls Schomberg > and fees ac liberty the Mar- 
shal d' OmMo , who by the inftigacion of Vieuville had been a 
little before committed to the Bafiille. Thefupporc the Cardinal 
had from the Queen-Mother ? made his favour more lafting 
than the others , and encouraged him alfo to greater infolencies ; 
JFor the King having a great avcrfion to the Queen? his Wife> 
andnolefs ajcaloufieofhisbrothe: 3 the Duke oE A/tjou , con- 
ceived that the Qjeen his Mother ? would be of great ufc 
to him, to moderate J and compofe thefe domeftick jars , which 
jnore difturbthe Palaces of great Princes than all their other affairs 

The Cardinal who now grafped the whole power of France, 
conti-nues the Treaty begun with ForraignE dates , and confum- 
mateswhat his PredecefTours had left imperfed. But Amaud^ 
Governour of Fort-Lewis , dying, and Toiras fuccecding him in 
his commands , favoured by the Cardinal, and Schomberg, con- 
ceives greater hopes of ruining Rochclle , than ever Arnaud did ; 
which were fo earneftly embraced , as if they had not at the fame 
time undertaken a War againft the King of Spa'mc ; So that the 
Rochellers, fadly reflefting upon the encreafe of their perfecutl- 
©ns 5 and that the preparations to block them up by Sea were 
near perfeded, and that the Forraign Engagements, nothing 
leflened the contrivances againil their Town , apply themfelves to 
the Dukes of Rohan and Sonbl'^e for their advice, and afliftance; 
ivho were perplexed vyith many doubts about it , by reafon of the 
divifions, and other defedions they had experimented in the for- 
mer Wars, and that they were fearful of difpleafing the Fnglifb 
and Hollariders t becaufc of the League lately made by them 
with the King , conceiving that from them they were to expeft 
cither their prefervation , or their ruine : Neverthelefs the nc- 
ceffities of the Kof^f//aT forced them upon a defign , which the 
DwVtQi So lihl-xe undertook the management of on B/(zz/er , and 
the ihips that were there preparingfor the Siege of Rochelle, ho- 
ping that upon his fuccefs iii the Attempt , the Allies, and Con- 
federates of France, would more eafily incline the King to an Ac- 
commodation with the Rochellers, as well for the difficulties 
would obftrud the j^urfuit of his intentions agalnfl them 3 
by reafon of the i(5lc of the Ships deftined to that pur- 
pofe J as alfo for his defires to continue the grand dcfign of the 

Upon this ground the Duke oiSonbi'Ke abaut the latter end of 
the yeare departs from CiTfJErej to go into Pai^ofi, where very fc* 
crctly he makes ready five fmall Veffelsj with which, notwith- 
ft»n ding the pcrfidioufncfs of ^V^i/^/Z/eijCowhomhc ha4 intruded 

H th& 

98 The Memolrcs of the Dpiks of Kohin. Book III. 

the knowledge of the whole defign 5 and who a little before it 
was ready for execution had diicorered itj he refolved either to 
carry the Fort , orperifliin the attempt. In the beginning of 
the year 1^25, he fets faile from the Ifle of Ki, with three 
hundred Souldiers , and an hundred Mariners , which gave the 
great Ship called the K/>gi» fo brave a charge, that after fome 
refiftancc, he himfelf boorded her the third man, with his fword in 
his hand, took her, and, prefently after, all the reft. 

After this he lands his Men, with a refolucion to attempc 
the Fort, which upon No'uaiiles information , was newly re- 
inforced with fifteen or fixteen piece of Cano^ , andaftrongec 

The Duke of Vendefme who was Governour of the Provinccj 
and had made great preparations to block up the Duke of Stf«6/\e 
in the Port of Blavet , prefently rallies up two ihoufand Foot,ind 
two hundred Gentlemen , to force him in the Port , and with ah 
Iron Chainejand a Cable , as big as a mans thlghjftops the mouth 
of ft 5 which was very narrow and clofe adjoyning to the F®rt ; 
So that Soiibi'^e for three whole weeks was locked up in it , ha- 
ving nothing to guard his fhips , and man the Town of Blavet 
( whofe advenue, which was very ftraight , he had cut off j with- 
al, but the above-faid number of three hundred Souldiers ; and 
was reduced to fuch an extremity , that the day before he got off, 
his great Ship called the J^irgm , endured a battery of fix pieces 
of Canon, and received an hundred and fifty fhot. 

Whiles he lay in this perillous condition , the wind, that had 
been, till then? ftillagamft him , changed, and Soi^ht%e feizing 
the opportunity , fent fome Shalloupes mann'd with ^ood refo- 
lute Souldiers, who, though all the while expofed to the fury of 
Ewo thoufand Mufquet fhot, with Hatchets cut afunder the chain, 
and the Cable, that barred the Port ; By this means he got out 
with fifteen or fixteen fhips , and loft but only two which were 
run aground on the Sands : In this Equipage he recovered the Ifle 
o( Ke-i where having mended his fiijps 5 and gotten together a- 
bout fifteen hundred men , he feizes on the Neighbouring Ifle of 
Oleron^ where he ftaid to compleac his Army. 

The UixkQ o^ Rohan y at the fametimq| had alfo made way 
for fome attempts in Gurhnn-e ^ Languedoc ^ and Vauph'me : But 
the Secretary Mon-tbrim , as he was travelling with fome ever- 
rures from the Duke to his friends , was taken at Vill^'' 
Hciifve neare Avignnyi , and difcovered all , which dafhed the 
gr eateft part of his defigns , ard caufed the three fens ciMontbrnn 



BoolcIII. TheCMemoiresoftheDHkc fKohin. c^q 

Prefcntly was the news rpreadabroad,thac-5o'^t;\«? hisproje(ft 
was difcovercd, and broken 3 and the long time he was (hut ua 
in the Port of B/<zi/f/-5 greatly perplexedxheDakeot Ko'Jan^ \vho 
had no other news of him , than what the common rumour 
breughr , but faw him difovvned'by the Town of Koch:lle , by the 
JDepucies f^eneral alfo 5 and by ski the perlons of quality, that vvsre 
of the UeligioDs at Varisy who more favouring the Court fadion , 
cndeavoLir'd to make all cur Towns difclaim him. 

During this interval nothing was attempted * The two El- 
defl of Montirun's Tonnes ? difcouraged at thefe unhappy begin- 
nings, make their peace? renounced the Duke of Kohan. , and ga 
int© Vauphiney but the youngeft named Saint A^i C the moft rc- 
fclutc of thera, came to Carres , and did vvhat he could > 
rliough in vain , to encouragcj and retain his Brothers in the 
Partr. . 

The Chamber at Bf^/^rj- , andthePrefidial of ATi/yw^i alfo > 
together with all Officers of our Towns , make goodly Ads of dif- 
avov/al , which they fcnc to >he Court : But at length when the 
iie\vs came of Soub't'xe'i, gallant and fortunate Sally out of the 
Pert of Blizvet , and that he was abfolutc Mafter.of the Sea , diey 
began to think otherwife of him ? than as of a Pyrate j and the 
Baron Pi^jols was fcntfiom Varis to the Duke cf Keh/.iM , the Co- 
lonel Revillas from the Duke of Savoy , and after them came 
the Baron of Coz/i^fi- alfo from the Conftable , to mediate an ac- 
commodation 5 to which the Duke was really enclined, and clear- 
ly did what lay in him to promote it , outcf a defire he had to 
fervetheKIng inhis Wars in ^.'^(y: But either the perpetual and 
malicious contrivances at Court, againil thofe of the Reli£!;ion , 
or the bad Inflruments employed in the Treaty , or the indifpofi- 
tion, acthattime, ofthelateKing of England , and late Prince 
of Orange , to aflift us , or all thefe things together,fruftrated the 
negotiation of thcfuccefs it might have otherwiie had , and pre- 
vailed fo with our Towns to make them difclaime the Duke of 
Sohrbi-x^- J that the Duke of Kohan. , who till then would not ftir , 
was now enforcd to take up arms, to fhew, that it was no defed of 
power, (as they imagined j but his zeal to pac:5e and compofc 
things, that had hitherto reflrained him. 

The firft day of May he began with an atcemptupon Lavaur, 
but coming an hour too late, he miif'^d of his aimes there : yet' 
was not this expedition wholly fucceflclefs, for in it he wrought all, 
the Towns of Lmragaaps to declare for him ; and a: his return to 
CafireSi hefoundjthat according to hiS order, "^ the Mar quefs of 
I jW;?/i2.'iC^Mvas turned out ot Re al mont , which ahoat a. month be- 
Ifcrehehaipofleirsdhiaifclfof ; And here it is to Bcobfcrved, 

H a • chat 

100 The LMerfiQirtio^ the Vtike of Koh^n Booklll 

that M:ilau%e was roug,ht after , ^shv isAirjergne^ to be made 
Head of a party againft the Duke of Kohan , for that the Town 
o^RocbcUe was divided , and the Common Council refufed to 
joyn with So:{bi\e ; So that the Deputy of the Town > in all ne- 
gotiations , fpokeonly as from the common people, which party, 
the Magiftrates, and Frincipal Inhabitants, ftill oppofed : So that 
a very hard task had the Dake of Rohan , to reconcile? and unite 
the Town of Rochclky and the other Corporations of the Religioni 
wicK Soiibi'xe. Andforafmuch as it was very recpifite hefliould 
go to bring about x\\z Scv:ncs ^ and the lower hangucdoc ^ where 
the Deputy of Rochell. could not have audience , he convoqued an 
Ailembly of the higher Langii-edoc at Carres , by which being 
chofen for their General , he ra'fed fome Troops , eflablifti^d a 
Committee of the AfTembly to order all affairs in his abfence, and 
then fent Saint ApAtc de Montbrim with a Commififion to be Go- 
vernour of Montaii^ban, which after much rcludancy, at length de- 
clared alfo for the party. 

This done , he goes thence with fix hundred Foot , fifty 
Horfe, and four fcore Harquebufiers , and marches towards iMi/- 
ta/id : When he came to Saint Afrique^ he was met by Coutrcl- 
Us 3 fent from the Town oiRochdk , and Soiibi':;c, to inform him 
of the entire conjunfticnof the whole Town with Souhi7^ , and 
that, according to the Articles of Agreement , they had fent De- 
puties to the Coart, defiringus todothe like 3 and to tliis end 
Lit ¥ aye Saint Orfe had brought the King's pafs-ports for the prin- 
cipal Corporations ; to which his Majefly was at length induced, 
after iie had in vain efTaycd to divide the Dukes of Rohan, and Soh>- 
biT^, and bring them to feveral Treaties. 

When the report of this news was alfo brought to the Coun- 
cil, ^n^ih^LiCouvYclles hadreprefented tothem the great divifl- 
ons of the Rochellers , and the faA ions fprung up amongft them, 
how extrcamly defirous they were of peace , upon what hard con- 
ditions they had joyncd with Sotcbl^ 5 and the ill order they 
took for their Navy , they conceived they had no-.v no time t«L 
th'-owaway upon tedious debates; and that ( though Rohan li- 
ked not of their procedure in Treating with the Court) fincc Ro- 
chcUe had begun , it was expedient , to fhew that the party was 
well united, ?nd ready to follow their example. Le Clerc ,- and 
Noa'iUan, were chofen Deputies {or Montaiiban ^ Vorfon^ and 
Madiane (or Caflrcs y G/icrin for MiUaud, and Forrain , and 
Milletiere, for Rohan ^ uho defirous to excrad what, advantage 
he could out of Siis opportunity , toinCnuacc into the ScvCJi^^ > 
makcsufe of ti.e King's pafTe-ports to induce them to call an AU. 
r£mbly^_a£ /}>7dii\e - vvhieh happily frccecdcd : Ficm J^iilidiid 


Book UL The CMemolres of the Duke of Rohan. loi 

he draws his Forces to Saint ^ehn de Bre'itili, which made a Ron- 
rlfk , as if they intended to (land i: out : but when they Taw him 
in a pofture ready to ftorme their Fort , they inftandy changed 
their note 5 and fubmitted. Hither came to him three Deputies 
from Vigan, todiffwadehim from marching thither , for that 
he would finde the Gates fhut againft him , to whom he gave no 
othcranfvverj but that he would try whether he fhould or not: 
The next day he continueshis way , and two Leagues from Vi- 
Z^^i met another mefTenger tothe famepurpofej who alfo added, 
in cafe he advanced 3 thrcatnings of effufion of blood : But this 
prevailing nothing on him 5 his adverfarics courage failed them > 
and they drew back 5 So that without any difficulty he got to 
Viga?i 5 whofe gates thus opened, cleared all the way as farre as 

Whiles he was on his march, the Prcfidial of t^lfmes , and aU 
fo the Chamber of Jiccyerj', ufed all their skill ( butiono end) 
£0 alienate the affedions of the people of the Seven:s from the 
Duke 5 who having refolved on a journey to Nifmes , was yet 
loth to put it to a hazard , without firft founding the inclinations 
of the Inhabitants j for fear left fo publick an alFront, as a rcfufal 
tohisface,{houldruine his whole affairs. To this end he fcnc 
thither Saint BlancArt , who having conference with feme of his 
friends in the Suburbs , their advice was, that the Duke {liould 
fufpend his coming thither , and that they would fend their Depu- 
ties alfo to the Courtj that the Town of Uf\ fnould do the like , 
with inftrudions conformable to thofe of the Sevems ; which ac- 
cordingly they performed, choollng Caftam for NifineSiani Vigtii' 
er^ Goiidin.,zn^ Beijleau^ for llfe-^. 

The Duke of Rohan fcein^jthat he was excluded out of the 
Towns 0^ Nifmes, llfe\, and ^/f^5 convoques an Aflembly of 
the Scvenes , az-^n-ddxCi the moft numerous he could, where 
yet there were many wanting 3 from many of the Churches, efpe- 
cially of the Co//o^/^^ oi Saint Germaine ^ where the Marquefs ^^i" 
Fortes mainly oppofcd him y and after he was declared General 
of that Countryjhe fent Caillou^ Du Cros, P/i-yredon, and Vagefy^Dc 
puties to the Court. 

While thefe things were In agitation, the MirlhalTfe^»«i«?i" 
brought four thoufand Foot , fix hundred Horfe, and Canon too, 
and with them a great terrour alfo upon the Countries o£ Laicra- 
glials y and Albigegjs ', whereofthe Duke being advcrtiled byre- 
doubled meffages , he fends back the Marquefs of Luftgnan. , with 
all the Forces he had brought with him, and with all diligence 
haftens his levies of 5'ould4ers J to be commaniled by Freron, 

H5 Sai^ki 

70 2 The LMemolres of the ^uke <?/ Rohan. Book IlL 

Saint Blan-cart 5 arxd Valcfcure , in which his endeavours mcc 
Vv'jrhfuch unhappy traverfes, that inflead of fourthoufand menj 
which was the number he aimed at , he could mufler but half the 
r.umber : Whiles thefe men were raifing, he Tent his Scouts to- 
wards Semmicres , rcfolving to attempt it with feven or eight hun- 
dred cosimonSouldlers , upon this fuppofition 5 that Valance 
Vv'ould not run the hazard of drawing our of his Garifon, to re- 
lieve it , that it would be a means to make Ni fines publickly de- 
clare for him ; and that if he could have but twice four and twen- 
ty houres time , the whole Countrey would come in to him y and 
raifc him to a condition able to force theCaftlc : Bur, as it i$a 
d.inu<icrosthing to prefurae onthe defcds of others , inftcad of 
i;:;l\ingcnainins own fire ngth ■) the event clearly delud:d his 
preconceptions; For though he had taken the Town , Ni fines' 
would not ftirre to hs aiTiftance 5 nor could he get relief from the 
-Si'ven.?s ilmt enough ; Valence at the fame time fent twelve hun- , 
dredmen, but of hisGarifonj to relieve the Caftlc 5 who from 
three of the Clock In the afternoon 5 till night, fought with Saint 
Blanc ar t ^ who had lodged himfelf, with three hundred men on- 
ly, in a place of fuch advantage , that he could be no vvay for- 
ced, nor yet could he hinder the entry of the relief into the Ca- 
ftlc , by reafonof the (JXtream largnefs of theadvenue: Which 
the Duke perceiving called off 54i;^* Blancvn'mto the Town; re- 
folvinp;, that night, to draw off with the whole party alfo , w hich 
he did? carrying with him his wounded men ; and among others 
F/r/a^, who was wounded with a Mufquet fhot in the knee, of 
li/hich he afterwards dyed: Saint Blanca,t in this confiIft,whcn the 
relief enrer'd the Caftlejlod three Capraines, andfome other Of- 

After this, the Duke thought on nothing more, than haftnin«y 
his Levies, that hemightbe in a condition to relieve the higher 
L'tiignechc ; and taklnt^ order that his affairs in the Sevenes 
mio;ht not be prejudicccK inhisabfence ; to prevent which, he left 
a Committee of the Aflembly, to direct the management of themj 
in which he engaged all that had any intereft in the places o£ 
greareft conreo,ucnce3and left Chavagnac his Field Marfhal to com-' 
niand all the Souldiery in that Countrey. 

While thcfe things were in agitation in the Sevenes , and 
the lower Langiudoc , the Marfhal I^f^^i^fi- drew near to Caflres 
&o pluuder , and fpoyle the Countrey 3 which put the Council the 
Duke bed lef: there , in fuch a ccnfufion and feare , that they' 
d.-rrt not give order for any thing ar all , but left the whole bur-' 
then i:pcn the Durchefsof Kohan , who contrary to the natural 
andmcis tender difpofitlon of her Sex 3 {hewed fo much care 

■i ■ ■ ag4. 

■ ■■'A 

Booklll. The CMemolres eftheBnke of Rohan^ 105 

and refolution in all things, that , every one deriving courage 
from her example > the Marfhal received feveral loflfesjbelngwor" 
fted in every skirmifh before the Town; where Nongarede zn old 
Gentleman of the Country got much honour. 

In the mean while the Marquefs of Lufignan. marches towards 
Caflres , with thofe Forces the Duke had oiven him to conduft 
thither; which when the Marfhal had intelligence of, he drew 
ofFh is Cavalry , and part of his Infantry , to fight him; whom 
he found lodge4 in Croifette , a Village two Leagues diftant from 
Cafires , where he flormed him , but found him fo well Barrica- 
doM 5 and refolutc apon his defence 3 that after a furious aflaulr, 
he was faine to retire with much lofs, many of his men being flaia 
and wounded ; which when he had done, the Marquefs of Lfcfig^ 
nan retreated as farre as Braffnc , and the next day , taking ano- 
ther way 5 maiched with all his Troops into Calires , at noon day. 
Drums beating, and Colours flying, and without any oppolitioa 
at all . This renfort, with fome skirmifhes that paCfed to the Mar- 
shal's dlfadvantage, made him, feeing he could do no further 
mifchief to the Town , rcfolve to retire to Saint Paul , and U 
Miatte , which were fufficiently manned: Neverthelefs Saint 
Paul made no rcfiftance at all) but was taken in the open day with- 
out any battery raifei, or fiege formed,and the Souldiers all march- 
ed off roZ'^ Mi ^/^^f, which chey yielded alfo upon compofition noc 
to bear arms for fix months. 

This was the only check the M3LY(h3.\ Thsm'?ies y by chance , 
gave us in Lauraguals , and Albigi^ois , where , when he had fi- 
red the aforefaid places 5 he made as if he would befiege Keal- 
mom, Btttunderflanding that the Duke of Kohan was corne hi- 
ther with above two thoufand men , which he brought from the 
Sevenes 3 whofe pafTage at Larfac , \whQrQ he had defigned to 
fight him, fince he could not prevent; he draws offall bis horfe 
and foot , marches up almoft to Carres , firing all as he went , 
pafles by BraJJ'ac , endeavouring to gain a commodious field for 
his Cavalry , between Cmve and l^sMe : But , having 
intelligence of it, makes fuch haftc , that by incelTant marches 
iaight and day , he got to KMZie , before the other could he on his 
way thither ; from whence he fent the Regiment of Valefcure to, 
Cauve, and his own guards, and the Captain Dupuy with his Cara- 
bines ( for that his foot ,was fo tired they could not march ) to, 

The Marlhal having now loft all hopes of preventing the Duke^ 
and taking 2 ajfac , goes forward, burning fome Villages in his 
march, and comes with his whole ftrcngth , both of Horfe , and 
Foot, in fight of K?a»e , where having drawn them up in Battai- 

H 4 lia> 

104 T^^^^ Memoir cs of the Buki <?/Rohan'. Book.lIL 

lia, and feeing that the Suburbs of Viane , called VeirefcgadCy 
which lies at the bottome of the Town ? and is divided from it, by 
the height ofthe hill J was nor at all fortified j falls mto it with 
all his Forces, takes, and fires it, and then retires to his Qijiarters : 
In this aflault there was one Captain flainjanother takcn,and about 
five and twenty,or thirty Souldiets killed and vjoundcd,Sa'mtBlan.m 
cart alfo had a light hurt 5 and'the fouldiers that were in the Sub^ 
urbs drew up to the Town. 

TheDutchefs of R()''?J/i, who by fcveral meflengers had fcnt 
to informe the Duke, ofthe Marfl-iai's defign to flop his paflage > 
braits nothing; on her part , but fends to all the Garifotis , appoin- 
ting them a K.cnde:zivcu'z, ztBrajfaCj which the Duke having no- 
tice of, he departs that evening? and comes to Brajfac -, where 
finding fifteen hundicd Foot , and two hundred Horfe * he re- 
folycs> the next night to fend out to difcover the psllure of the 
Marfhal's Army, which lay at Efperan.ce between Brajfac and 
Viane, and according to the intelligence he (hould receive to fall 
into his Quarters the night following , with all his Troops, Saint 
tlancart by the way of K/^»f? , and he himfelf by the way of 
Brajfac. The difcovery made, andthe Scours returning with in- 
telligence that the Army lay there in great diforder 3 and in a 
place of great difadvantage to the Horfe? the defign to beat it 
up was cencluded on , but the very day preceding the night it was 
to be put in execution , either upon notice given him , or that he 
forcfaw their intentions , or that provifions failed him , he quit- 
ted thofe Quarters, and taking his way towards Krt/'?^, went to 
lodge at Lti Blcheme : The Duke alio rallyes all his Forces? and" 
marches towards Oc'/er/f, and Koqii-e-combe, from whence he fent. 
five or fix hundred men \iiX.oR(nlinon.t y and then divides all his 
Troops about Cafires , to obferve the poftureof the enemy , who 
when ^ey had refrclhcd themfelves for fome dayes about Lau^ 
trcey march towards Lavaurd and there prepare for a march 
into Tqix : The Duke goc:s into Lr.urag/tais , purs fome men in- 
to BriteflCy fends the Rregimentof F/f/o« to Kevcl and Sourire, 
•a-nd that 0^ Mont lk\ and f^alefai e , 10 Renlmont, andasfoonas 
he faw that the enemy fleered his ceurfe towards Foix , he corn- 
minded S.iint Bian-carty who was then at P/t^ylanrcn-s , thither with 
five hundred chofcn men. 

Lufi'gnan , in the mean time? being informed that the Regi- 
ment of Ufcwe had taken up their Quarters in the Suburbs of 
TeiUet , goes inflantly to bent them up j breaks through their 
Barricade's , kills? and w ounds about an hundred , takes one Cap- 
talnc , and forces the refl to flie for flielrer to the Fort 3 but had 
liecomcby nigl.r^ as he 4id by day, not one of them had efca- 
'*"'■ • ^ '■ ■ • ' ' ■ pcd^ 

Book IIL TheMewoiresoftheDnkjofRob^n, 105 

pedj for there was a very great difTentlGn between Grandvai ^ 
who commanded the Fort , and Lffdfre , to whora he would ne- 
ver have opened his Gates ip the night time ; which was the 
reafonthat induced Lujigyian to this attempt , in which J^alef- 
cure, ^nd Montlw^y two Colonels were wounded? but not much: 
After this the Duke of Roha?i. returns to Ca^res^ whither he com- 
mands Liifigmn alfoj rallies what Forces he had, takes with 
him one piece of Canon 3 and Marches towards Rcalmont , both 
to give the enemy a diverfion , apd to enrich his Army with 

The firft place he fell upon was Sicurac , which endured five 
and twenty 5 or thirty Canon fhot , but after he had fired the 
Town through the breach, they were faine to yield. This march 
of his made the whole Countrey look about them j The Duke of 
Ventadaur got together about two hundred Horfe , and two thou- 
fandFootj The Marfhal T^ewmfi- alfo hies thither, with all his 
Horfe, and the Regiment of 'Normandy j but both the one , and 
the others being informed that the place was taken, went back 
again ; and the Duke continues his courfc towards the Mountain 
o^ JlbigcoU undRouergue, leaving his great Canon at Realmonty 
and taking with him only two little field pieces, that carried a Ball 
about the bignefs of an Orange. 

Tho[& o( Foix in the interim? fent him word, that the In- 
habitants of Caimom } Lesbordesy Samarac ^ andCameradeyW^ic 
rcfolved to fire their own Townsj and retire, the former to iV^^- 
%eres y the other to /^'^yV, for that they wanted Souldiers to de- 
fend them J whereupon the Duke commanded thither Boifftere 
Lieutenant Colonel of Treton's Regiment , with five hundred 
men , many of whom, when they heard they were to go to ToiXy 
forfook their colours , fo that he went with two hundred, and forty 
only,who got very well thither. 

And here we may not pafs over in filence a generous aftlon of 
feven Souldiers of Fo'ix , who refolved , in a poor mudd walled 
houfe called Chamtennet near Carlat , to wait for the Marfhal 
Tbemin-es , and his whole Army , whom they there kept at a Bay 
two whole dayes 5 and after they had , in feveral aflaults, killed 
forty of his men , feeing their ammunition was fpent , and thac 
he was drawing down his Canonupon them ; they confulted how 
they might, the night following fave thercfelvcs ; to which end 
one of them goes out to difcoyer how they might avoid the Courts 
of Guard J which when he had done, and as he was returning > 
the Centinel of the Houfe efpying him , and raking him for one 
of the Enemy, fhot at him , and broke one of his Thighs 3 Ne- 
yertbelefs he gave them an account of his difcovery , Siewsthem 


I o^ The lM empires of the Dak^ <?/ Rohan. Book IIL 

the way , and very it^ftantly urged them to make their efcape : 
But his brorherj who was alio the man had wounded him , almoft 
mad with ^rief 3 rcfolves not to leave him , and tells him , that 
fince he had been the unhappy inftrument of his difafter , he 
would be his companion in what fortune foever befell him : The 
good nature of one of their Couzin Germains y moved him alfo 
to a rcfolution of embracing their deftiny 5 fo the other four at 
therequeft of thefe, and under favour of the night, after mutual 
embraces, fave themfelv.s ; whiles thefe three? placing themfelves 
at the door , charge their Mufquets 5 with patience expeft the 
light, and then moft valiantly receive their enemies, of whom 
when they had flain a good numberjthemfelves dyed freemen: The 
name* of thefe poor Souldiers deferve a place in Hiftory,thcir afti- 
on being not inferlour to the moft memorable. Antiquity can 
boaft of. 

But to return to the Duke o( Kohan, who marches along 'the 
frontires of Koiierguey and takes a fmall Fort called Koqi^e Ci'T^ierey 
inwhich heleftaGarrifonj the fame day he goes to another, 
called />^ Bff/?/^f, which he found deferted, as alfo fomc others 
which were pillagedjand burnt: From thence he goes to U Cative^ 
and in his way thence towards -^/iJ^/^j takes and burns fome other 
fmall Forts ; and then makes a defcent into the Valley of Mtf':^^- 
"vcly where he goes on firing more Forts, upas far as Saint Vons: 
And as he would have continued this progrefTe, in revenge of 
thofe places the Marihal of The?nines had fired in his abfence ; 
he received incelligerice from Bretigny, Governour of Foix, and 
fr«m Sa'mt BUftCtia alfo ; that the Marfhal iChemims , and the 
Count de C^r^.ti//, Governour of the Province, had inverted ^q^?7, 
with an Army of feven thoufand foot, fix hundred horfe, and 
nine peece of Canon ; that there were in it feven 
hundred fouldicrs, people of the fame Countreyj which they had 
fent thither, under the command of Captain Carboii^, and Cap- 
tain VaUette^hoih. experienced old fouldiers ; that they could not 
conjefture, what would be the iiTue of the Siege, for that the 
place was but weak, and the alTaults moft furious ; but yet was ic 
ofthat confequencejthat i:it fhould mifcarry with thofe vvhich were 
in itj there would not be men enough left to maintain the lower 
Toix^ both by reafon of the weakneffe of Pamers , which would 
require a very ftrongGarrifon, and alfo of the Intelligences the 
enemy had in it : But if he could fpare them a recruit but of five 
hundred Men , they would engage themfelves to keep 
the lower Feix > and would do their uttermoft to prcferve 


Book III. The CM.emolres of the Dtike of Roban.107 

This Intelligence diverted rhe Duk'^s rcfolutions? who thereup- 
on fent Liipgnaa with a party of Horfe and Foot , to convoy the 
Canon back to C afire s , and thence to Kcalmon.t , while he him- 
felt with the refidue of his Troops, with much difficulty convoys 
fix hundred Souldicrsto Kevd^ where when they had {laid a day 
to receive fome pay 5 he fent them under the command of Valej'^ 
cure into f oiA'jwho condutf^ed them very well thithcrs and then re- 
turns to Caslres. 

The difference between the Baron de Leran , and Eretigny > 
much perplexed the Duke of Kohan ^ for that, being Maftcr o£ 
Carlat fwhichwasbut a League diftanc from J-\Uj it was in 
his pewer either to promote, or impede its relief; Whereupon he 
fent ViUemore and Orofe ^ Captaiss of his guards, to make him 
ienfible of the injury he did himfelf , in obftruding the relief 
of AtjI , by denying his Souldiers admittance into Carlat , com- 
manding them withal , in cafe the Baron would not fubnnit to rea- 
fon 5 publickly to declare to the people of Carlat the caufc of their 
coming 5 which they fohandfomely ordered, that he was com^ 
pelled by the Inhabitants to yield to the Duke's commands , and 
to receive whatever Souldiers fhould at any time be lent ^hither, by 
his order,which proved no fmall advantage to A'^il^^ivi'i indeed was 
the only caufe of itsprefervation. 

While things were thus carried on in To'ix ^ the Duke d* E- 
^ernon. ^ with fifteen hundred Horfe 5 and four thoufand Foot? 
advances towards Montauban. to ravage the Coumrey therea- 
bouts 5 andSo^&i^c, to divert him, makes a defcent into MedoCy 
where he took feme Garifons : But underftanding that VLantz > 
with the Admiral of Zealand , named HMlthi , were coming a- 
gainft him with forty good Ships of War, he re-imbarques,meets, 
iio;hts, and defeats them,finks five of their Shipsjof which the Vice- 
Admital o[ Zealand y/as one,and kills them more than fifteen hun- 
dred men. 

The news of this defeat, made them change their note ac 
Court , arid whereas before they protrafted the Treaty in expe- 
ctation of the iffue of this fight, now, feeing it proved to their 
difadvantage, they conclude ix , and fend Deputies co the Kochcl- 
lers y to receive their acceptance of jc ; JEora'm alfo goes to 
them from the Duke of Kohan , who, confidering the indifpofi- 
tion of the King of £«g/^a<^, and the Prince of Orange , towards 
their party , "advifcd them to accept of that peace their Naval 
Viftory had purchafed them ; to which So^^i^ff adds his perfwafi- 
onsalfo y but the Kochellers very indifcreet in that particular, and 
according to the humour of people as infolent in profperity,as deje- 
fted in adverfityjiefufe co hearken to it,without a prefent demoliti- 
on of the Fort. \ j^ 

Io8 The Memoires of the Dnke of Rohzn. Book IITJ 

In the mean time the King takes great care fpeedily to repair 
his Fleet, and obtains of the Kingof£«^/^;j^ feven great Ships ; 
So that the delayes the Rochellers ufed in concluding the Treaty 
of peace , gave their enemies opportunity to corrupt fome ot the 
Captains of 5'<?«l7?\(? his Fleet, and among others, his Vice- Ad- 
miral Fo\an : At the fame time alfo the Duke of Montmorency 
refolves upon a defcent into the Ifle of Re , and to make an at- 
tempt upon his F leet which lay in the Fofs de I' OyCyZ Road 
joyn'mgto thcTown of Saim Martin aeRSi a rafh and fenfelefs 
enterprize in appearance , which yet treachery made feifiiblej and 
purchafed it afar different Charader. 

Then came Mi //m>e and Madiane to Rschette ^ with the 
Articles of peace agreed on at Vo^tdriblem ; but it was then, 
fcvhen Soiibl:^e , who was in the Ifle of Ke, fent them word thence, 
that the King's Navy were fayling towards him, and that with 
all fpeed they (hould tranfporc themfelves into the Ifland ; At 
firfl, every one laughed at this Meffage , nay , and there were 
^omt'mKochelle offered to lay great wagers, that the Englifh 
.andD/i^tch S'lipswere called o(F again : Soiibi^e reiterates his 
Mcflages , and for the laft time fummons them to his affiflance : 
There were then in K^chclle eight hundred Gentlemen well moun- 
ted, and about eight or nine hundred Souldiers, of So/^&i?/ his, 
Army, with the greateft part of his Officers > and amon^ others 
the Counts ©f LavM, and Loadrierc: Upon this lafl fummons 
they ail make ready to imbirque j but the Maior diverted them , 
perfWadini; them that they were b-cter to exped t.\\z mornino-, 
than run the hazard of the evening Tide ., and fo made them lofe 
all opportunity to tranfport themfelves j For the n:xt morning 
appeared thirteen of the King's great Ships in the Road, whicS 
prevented their pafluige over : SqiMtj feeing himfelf thus aban- 
doned 5 lands all his Foot, which were not above fifteen hun- 
dred Souldiers , leaving only an hundred in his great fhip called 
the Virgin. ; coinminds his Admiral Gaitoi, , and his Vice-Ad- 
miral Fo^an-, not to lUrre out of the Road, where they were fe- 
curc , but there to wait his fuidier Orders 5 And then divides his 
Army into three Squadrons , to fecure thofe three places, which 
he conceivedmofl obnoxious to dinger , and where he thought ic 
moft probable that the enemies fhouid attempt to land : But , 
notwithftandingallhis care, he could not difpatch time enough , 
before Toiras had landed three thoufand Foot, and fifteen hundred 
Horfe; whereupon he refolved to draw all his men into a body, 
and fight him the next day , which accordingly he did : At the 
iirftonfet he routed the Avantguard , and fl^w about three or 
fourcfcoreofthe moil forward of them 5 bat being relieved by 


Book Hi. The Mmoires of the 7>fike <?/ Rohan^ tof 

the main body j Bellesbat who commanded Soubi^e his lefc wino-> 
inftead of feconding him, faced about, and plunged himfelfjand 
the whole party he commanded in the Maifiies : This much en- 
couraged the Enemy, who now opprcfl'ed Soiibi'xc on all fides, 
whofe Major General Verga-Malague, and fome of his Captains 
being flain , the reft fled in fuch confufion , that all the Art and 
Induftry of Soubi^e could not rally them againe 5 who yet that 
day 5 even by the confefTion of his enemies , juftly purchafed the 
reputation of a worthy Commander , and valiant Souldier. The 
remainder of his Troops he drew off to Saint Martin, de 'Re^ 
where he made account to tranfport them againe to his fhips, and 
once more try hisfortunc in a battaile at Sea ; But there he 
found J fo great a terrour had polieflfed Guiton , that contrary to 
his exprefs command , he had turned out the hundred Souldiers 
left in the Virgin 5 and that To'Kan. , with fome Captains , com- 
bined in the fame confpiracy with him , to intimidate the refl y 
had runne aground the bcft fhips , and that the reft 5 feeing 
ihemfelvcs thus betrayed , and abandoned 5 ftiifted every one > 
the beft he could , for himfclf 5 all but the Virgin , in which 
there were only five Men left, but very refolute, who feeing fouf; 
of the King's ftiips making towards them 5 refolved to ftand it cue 
againft all extremities: The enemy came up to, grappled with> 
and boorded them , whereupon the Matter? whofe name was Du- 
rand, leaps into the powder with a lighted match? and blows up all 
the five Ships togetherjin which there perifhed fcven hundred thir- 
ty fix men. 

In this accident there was one thing very remarkable, con- 
cerning one Chaligny 3. Gernkmano^ Fo':6ioiii andhisfon, who 
were two of the five left in the Ship .' The father , before the fi- 
ring of the Magazine , being wounded, and difabled to fave him- 
felf by fwimming , commanded his fon to fliift for himfelf, who, 
with much rcluftancy, at length obeyed him j but the good man> 
being in the proteftion of God , was as well preferred , as 
his Sonne 5 for being, by the force of the Powder, carried ud 
iiito the aire , he chanced to fall into a Shallcup of the eneniies> 
without receiving any further harm at allj and was afterwards ran- 

Soiihi^e finding his affairs in fo broken a condition , leaves his 
Major General Le Fare d* Arclnat , at Saint Martin d' Rf, 
and in a Shalloup getstothe Ifle of Olercn , vvhe,re he provides 
the beft he could fortheprefeivation of it, leaving five hundred 
men in the Fort , which he furniihed with all neceflaries, and 
then, with fe Ten of his fhipi;, which had retired thiiher , fees 
out to fca , and out cf the reliques cf his lace Fleet , gets together 

i lo TheLMemoires o!^the Dake <?/ Rohan. Book III, 
two and twenty Ships, with which he palfes into £»g^*a;z^ to re- 
pair theui: After which, U 'Pare d' Archiat, made an honou- 
rable compofition , which was alfo well obferved , and drew ofF 
all his men from the I fle of Kd to KocheUe 5 But thofc that 
SouhiT^e left in the Ifle of Old on. yielded themfclves bafely, a 
thing not unufual after fuch routs ; for it is not given to all men , 
to have their courages of an equal temper in adver/ity aod pro- 

This fatal accident did not fo much dejcd the fpirirs of the 
Kochellersy as it elevated theirs at Court : Vorvfhen Mi lletiete 
and M^dime , returned thither v/ith the Kochellcrs acceptance oi 
the peace , they would not endure any further mention of it j but 
to break them by a divifion^ continued their old project of gran- 
ting a peace to the higher and lower LMgiiedoc ^excluding Kocbelky 
and Soubi'^^e. 

While thefe things thus pafied in thofe parts, they of ^^1/ 
held out beyond the expedation of ihcir friends,and the hopes of 
their enemies that befiegcd them, who from a battery of Nine 
Guns fent them in three thoufand fliot , and made three indif- 
ferent large breaches ; But the enemy preparing to give them a 
general, and furious ftorme , Bretigny , and Sai?tt Blancart, who 
had {everal times relieved tKcm , reiolved, now at this laft pufh , 
to Rack all their powers for them ; The conduft of this relief was 
undertaken by Svnt Blancart , who got in to them with three 
tundred and fifty men, forcing, inhis pafT^ge, a Court of guard 
which kept a Bridge , with the lofs of one man only : The arri- 
val of this renfort filencedall dlfputes, amongth^ be/iegcd, con- 
cerning the command , which before had occafioned fome divi- 
iions among them 5 but all acknowledging Saint Bla?;t for 
their Supcriour , he fo well ordered all things , that after the ex- 
pence of eighteen hundred Canon Bullets within the (pace ofthree 
dayes,th£Mar£halT^i'»2^'^^<?i"gavc them a fierce alFault with his whole 
Army, commanding alfo five hundred PCeformado's todifmounr> 
and ferve on Foot ( there being many hundreds of people that 
had placed themfelvss on the tops of Mountains to behold this 
fight;) Thrice was he repulf ed with the lofs of above five hun- 
dred men 5 Within the Town the Captain Vallette who comman- 
ded at one of the breaches was there flalne , fome other Officers 
too, tlie bclicged lofi, together with feventy or eighty Soiildiers 
fliine and wounded : But above ail, either friends or enemies. 
Saint BLmcari there Renowned himfelf, both by his prudent care 
and vigilance in repairing the breaches, and his Valour in defen- 
ding them, bein«; alwayes ready in perfon at all p'aces of grea- 
t;;(i: danger s in this adion furpafilng even himfclf: The Mar- 


Book III. The Memokes of the Vnkeef t.o\i^r\. Hi 

ihal now thinks of nothing ? but how to draw oflF his Canon 5 
in which having fpent two whole nights , and many of his 
Souldicrs , which he loft in the Attempt j he drew c^ 
with the Fragments of his ihattercd Army towards Laura- 

This fmall fuccefs , together with the efFed the Duke of Ro^ 
hanh continual follicicatioBS wrought upon the people oi NifmeSy 
inducing them to declare for his party, relevatcd his affairs out 
of the drooping condition they were in : Some of our Deputies 
then attending the Court, were about the fame time fent to the 
Communalties to procure their acceptance of the peace 5 exclu- 
ding ^^^-^^//^ and SoHbi\e , which many ill affeded zealoufly 
promoted 5 efpeciallyat Cafiresy where they had refolved to al' 
fent to it upon thofc terms ; But Rohan arriving there in the 
nick 5 and urging theii' former refolutions to the contrary , made 
them alter their intemions, and then Tummoncd an Aflemblyac 
MiUaiid J where the Towns of N'fmes and Ptfc^^ appeared by their 
Deputies? and all unanimoufly made an Ad of acceptance joyntiy 
with Smhi'T^ and VcQchelleyznd. fent it to the Court. 

The Duke who feverai times had experience of their endea- 
vours to furprize him , under pretence of Treating, Itops not 
there 5 but goes to Nipnes , and Ufe\-, where he was received 
with great acclamations of joy j and having confirmed his Party 
mAleiT^, by fending thither Marmeyrac , a Gentleman of the 
Country? to head them upon occafion , departs one night from 
Nipnes , and comes the next morning , by ten of the Clock , to 
j^letT;^ , where at firft he found the gates fliut againfl: hira , but 
the induftry and diligence of Marmcyrac quickly got them open, 
fo that now there was not anyplace in the lowci Langiie doc y or 
the Sevenes , that had not declared for the Duke of Kohan , who 
convened an AlTembly of the Sevenes at ^let\y both to alTure 
himfelfof theTov^n, andalfoofthe Co/7o^//^ cf Saint Gs'ima'm, 
which the continual foUicitations of the Marquefs de Fortes , 
and his faftion, had ftill kept off from him 5 which obliged the 
Duke, in the interim? before the meeting of the Afl'embly, to 
make a ftep thither , where his prefence was of great ufc, both to 
procure Deputations for the AfTembly, and the conjunftioaot that 
Colioqae with the others. 

At the beginning of the Affembly the Dutchefs of Koha'/i di- 
fpatchcd V'lUette to the Duke her Husband , with jntelligence , 
that, upon the afiurance many Corrmunalties had given cf their 
readinefs to accept of the offered peace, vv'ith the exclufion of Sou- 
bi'^e and Kochelle ^ the Court party ftiffely pejiiflcdin their for- 
ilfitr rtfoUuicns 5 net to admit of any ether? an<i had feat back 


112 The tMemoires of the Duke i?/ Rohin. Book Ilfi 

foiiie of their Deputies to declare their adherence to them j aud 
that therefore it would concern him , to have a vigilant eye up- 
oxi their adions ; This mefl'age had a finifter fence put upon it > 
and the Marquefs of Mofitbrm , who a few dayes before came to 
Wfmes J on purpofe to infinuate himfelf into the affedions of the 
people, found lio better expedient toeffcdit, than vailing his 
intentions with a pretence of much zeal to the Religion , hy for- 
ging fcandalous accufatlons againfi: the Duke of Kohan j which 
v/hcnhe had notice of 5 and chat T)u. Cros was come with the 
final determination oftheCourtj not to grant any peace 5 buc 
with theexclufionof S^/^/^i^^j andRock^^j he teok him with 
him to Ni fines y convoqued a fecond AfTembly azMilUud , and 
caufed Ni fines , and llfi\i in his prefence 5 to nominate their 
Deputies , and refolve in no wife to defert Soubi^e and Kpohelle ; 
from thence he went to Vigan , where he alfo caufed De- 
puties 3 of the like refolution with thofe of Nifmes and Ufeo^^ to be 
chofen for all the Sevenes 5 and with them ail proceed together t» 

While he was thus bufied about thefe affairs 5 he receives 
news of Sokbi^e from the Dutchefs of Kohan, which affured him, 
that, within three months, the King of £«g/^«rf would fend a vc- \ 
ry confiderablc relief to Kochelle , defired him to make it known 
to the party, an^d to order things fo, that they defert him not. 
When he came wMillau-d, he underftood that the higher Lan- 
guedoc had determined to accept of the peace , excluding Soit" 
ti\e and Kocbeile , and that, had not the prefence of Ltifigyian , 
and S^'mt Blancart , as they returned from IPo'ix with the Troops 
oftheS?t'^»^i", very opportunely prevented it, they had fent 
their acceptance to the Courti This intelligence made the Duke 
carry on the Aflembly as far asCa(ircs, where when he had af- 
fembled the Province anew , and received the refolutions of thofc 
of MonUiiban y to the fame effcd with thofe of the Provinces of 
^izlowti Langnedoc y and theS?t'«ifJ, he inforced the former 
to retrad their late :mentions,and to confirm the other Ad of ac- 
ceptance , including Sp/^l'i^e and KochcUe: But to efFed this, 
he was obliged to fome extremities , fecuring the perfons of itWQn. 
or eight of the moft eminent Citizens , whom he difperfcd into 
divers places of Komgae-i and the Mountain of -^/^i^eo/^ 5 pub- 
iitliinga Declaration of what hehaddont, as alfo the reafons j 
iuovjnghlm chereunro , together with the Deciees of the faid b 
iVovinccs , which were approved by all , except the Town oiVity- • 
.'aurensy who refolv^d to ftand upon their Guards, and not to open |i 
their gatCi to any of either fide 5 protefVing notwithftanding thac i 
thcv wouu'i net djf-u nice from the part}' of the Religion, 


Book III. The (Jllemoires of the Duke cf Rohan. 1 1 3 

When their affairs were biought to this pafs, the Deputie§ 
v/ere fenrba.ckto the Court with the final deteimination of the 
Provinces not to abandon Rocbdle : And a few dayes after their 
departure, arrives a Mcffenger from f-^izarct\i u ho informed the 
Duke, that B,-ifo?i had taken VoufMi and fome other places of 
iefs impoitance, and that all Vivarct\ had declared for his party, 
and did befeech himtoadvow the takini^of thofe places, and to 
confer the Government of FgufiTi^ and the whole Province upon 
Erifiifiy which he condefcendcd to. 

Not long afters the Dutchefi of Rohan fends the Vifcount 
KouffiUe to her husbandjwith imelligence that the Earle of 'Hoi- 
hnd) and Sir — Carlcton. extraordinary AmbaQadors from ^ng^ 
ivid , and Arfcis extraordinary Ambaifadour from the States 
of Holland^ were arrived at Court to folkcite the King to fign the 
League, and make us accept the peace, which flis believed was al- 
ready well advanced, and that Ihe de{ired,.if polfibiej to hear 
from him before it were concluded ; to which the Dukc^ replied by 
the fame Mcifenger, that above all things the Deputies fliould en- 
deavour to preferve from demolition, the fortifications of Voiijin ; 
that that being obtained) and the KocbelUrs contented, the Com- 
munalties where he was, would refl very well fatisfied: But be- 
fidjs the aforcfaid Ambafladoursj thofe of Venice and Savoy, in 
iliort, all that were incerefied in the Leagues out of the hopes the 
King would fign it, interpofed their mediation alfo, to haften the 
peace j which the Ambaffadours of Erighn-d by a Deed in wri- 
ting? in the name of the King their Mailer , became luretics for 
the entire obfcrvatlon of j againft which the Deputies of the 
Ccmmunalties having no:hing to objcifl, the peace was accepted 
by them , on the fifth day of February, eight dayes before the re-- 
nun of the Vifcount Koajjille. 

Whil'ft the Duke was buficd in compofing the diforders of the 
higher Lmgiiedac, he was alarmed by reiterated meflages, thac 
Uifmes, unlefs his fudden prefence prevented it, v.ouldbe certain- 
ly loft, by rcafon of the divifions happened fince the arrival of 
theMarquefs of Monthrun.^ and his brothers there ; who with ma - 
nyArtifices,and great diligence, had gained the populacy to them, 
andbyfedicions, and tumults, attempted to ingrols the power of 
the whole Country,which the moft eminent of the Nobility with,- 
ftood, fo that the matter was now conae to a formal quarrel? which, 
butby his prefence, was not appeafable 5 this made him ha^Jen 
his in^ruftions for the higher hangi^edoc, where he leaves the 
T^iT(\\xQ^s o^ L', with four companies of ftrangers, whon^ 
heq-jartered in Cifire^, and then pofts away to N[fm:s 3 where ac ■ 
hijarn?al;,.hejn»tfi:.ft of all with the Baron £>' ^ .'^^/j? whonv- 


^ 1 1 4 The Memoir es of the Dnke of Rohan. Book III. 

^t lower Languedoc had deputed to the Court j and afterwards 
xivich Montm^rtmy the Deputy Generalj who brought with thtm 
(their laie ac^ptation of the peace? and were now come to have it 
ratified 5 Ma'mald the ether Deputy General, D/^ C^??/^^/, and 
Mailleray were fenc to KockcUe, Novillan x.o Mon.ta.uban y an4 
Madiane to the higher Lauguedoc. l^onttnait'in follicifes the 
Duke of Kohan to ratifie it at JSTz/w y, but by no means would he 
confent to any particular ratification ; but furamcned an AfTembly 
to be held at Niffnes, in which the Act of acceptance fhould with 
a gtaeral confent be confirmed on the fifteenth day of March fol- 
lowing ; deferring it to a longer term, that he might in the mean 
time hear from KochiUc^ in which ititerval, iVfo;i.';92^/t/?z goes tcJ 
t'le higher L^/Zgwe^of, to haften the Deputies of that Province to 
appear at the time appointed : But he found' that at Montauhan 
thepeace was already accepted, and that, without expeding the 
Convocations all the higher Lang/iedoc had alfo ratified it, fend- 
ing their Deputies thither for forme only. The day before ihcj 
Seflion of the AfTembly, the Duke was informed of the Ko'MUcrg 
confirmation of it alfo 3 fo that there remaining only the lower 
LaftgnedoCjznd the Sevencs to do the like, the AfTembly drew upa~ 
general Ad of Ratification? which Mmtm.ivt'm and Aubtis v\itH 
- the Deputies of the Duke of Eoh^ii. carried to the Court ; in thi^ 
ad: only the Province of V/varet\ was not compr z;d, for that 
then thcymuft: furrender 'Poiifri. y which our Deputies could not 
prefcrve? becaufc they had no Commifllon to make any demands' 
concerning it before the peace was concluded j which was occafio-' 
ned by the negligence of the Deputy of that Province, that gave 
not notice eg the taking of ?oufin , till mnny dayes after the" de- 
parture of Our Deputies towards the Court. 
■ Thus wao our, peace concluded, where we muft obferve, that 
the King,out of fear of the fupplics the Duke of SoubiTe had pro- 
rured in En-gljndy taking occafion from^ and making very good 
ufe of the difcontents of the Englifh AmbaflTadours , fent Botrii 
Jjito England^ vvho fo well managed all? that during h"s EmbafTy, 
which laftcd but three weeks, he obtained a Kcmoy of newAm- 
bafladours thence to FfUficey ro conclude all things concerning 
the League, upon condition they fhould enforce the Deputies of 
the Religion to ajcept a peace, upon very ambiguous and uncer- 
tain terms, cfpecially for the Town of jKtftfef/if^; who. In r£gar4 
ihc^had no hopes of any coniiderable relief from any other party 
were of necefllty obliged to be fubmiffive to them.TheDeputies al- 
fo of the particular Provinces^ to fhew that ihey of the Religion 
prcferd the advancement of the grand defign of the League be- 
f«rc their own fecurity^ and to remove out of the way the pretence 

Booklir. TheLMemomioftheDtikef^ohm. il^ 

of the Kings Counfel for not fignin? it, while the War continued 
in France, did. the like : But fo refolutewas the demeanour of rhc 
Dutchefs of Ro/:>.7« towards the English A mbafTadours, and the 
Cardinal %ichei:cu, to whom he protefted, that unlefs t!ie Ambaf- 
fadours interpofed in itsnothing (hould be concluded, that^aftcr flic: 
had neatlv broken a particular Treaty of the Kochellcrs, carried 
on by their Deputies, whom the Court-party, and the Duke of 
Trimoiiillc had drawn over to them, flie prevailed fo far upon them 
all, that contrary to their former rcfolutionsjthey interefled them- 
fclvesin it. Thisfheker'd her from the malice of her enemies, 
and the Deputies from any blame that might be imputed to thcni 
from their Communalties, and alfo obliged the King of En-gLrad^ 
feeing that the peace was accepted by his advice? to fee it faithful- 
ly obferved, to which his Ambarfadours more ftridly bound them- 
felvesby a formal Deed, fioned, and fealed with their own Armsj 
fo that the conclufion of our peace was an univerfal joy both to the 
Court, and all Forraign Ambafladours there refiding ; but fifcce:! 
dayes after, when contrary to the folemn proteflarions made to 
them concerning that particular, they faw alfo this Treaty in the 
Valtoline was concluded by the KiDg,&the King oiSpitlnith^y were 
clouded with no lefsdifcontenc ; efpecially the Englifh, when they 
perceived, that betrayed by delufory hopes,they had been made the 
icftruments, to oblige us to accept a peace fo much to ourdifad- 

Thus did the French, in coufening the Engliili , and all the 
Princes interefled in the League, deceive themfelves alfo, having; 
done nothng in this affair, that tended not to the advantage o't 
5/>^i/2, the oppreflion of the Allies of the Clovvd, and the great 
detriment of France itfelf. 

This is an account of the paflagei inthc fecondWar; in the 
prpgrefs of whicli Rohan, and Soubi^e were oppofed by all tlic 
Grandees, cTen of the fame Religion, whom either too much en- 
vy, or too little zeal, had aliened from their party, by all the Offt- 
cersof theCrovvn5andagreat partof the moft eminent of ev.ry 
Town? whom their own covetoufnefs,and the allurements of the 
CQurtshad blinded j as for the Forraign Nations, the Engiij}} and 
BoU^ndeYS contributed their Ships, and Germany it felf flood in 
need of the afliflancc of others ; fo that it is no great wonder if a 
better peace could not be obtained ; but yet was it much more ad - 
yantageous than the former, forafmuch as thofc of theReligioa 
prefervM their Fortificatlons,and got the King oiEtiglaitds cautioa 
for the performance of it; God will afllfl us more powerfu!ly,whcn 
fur entire convcrfion to him makes us more capable of his favour* 

TH En-do^the third Boo^^ ■ 

' X a. The 






The fourth Book. 

Comaimng a Relation of the third Wark agaihfi 
thofe of the Reformed Religion in Fraace. 

Frer the peace was thus accepted by thofe oi;' 
j« the Religion, Br'ifon. only , who had ry^-: 
I taken up Armes till towards the end of th- 
War 3 feeing that a fubmiflion to the Trea-^ 
ty of peace would divefl him of Foufrn , a 
place uponthe Khone ^ which , not Icr^^^; 
I before , he had furprized , refufed to bi 
^J| comprifed in it J encouraged thereunco by 
the Conftable Lefdigiueres^ who after hit*, 
jctuin out of piedmont , being Infome disfavour at Court;, and 
unwilling to return thither > but catching at all employments hac 
might colour his abode in his own Government , made verygord 
life of this occafion , which he fo well improved , t-hic having; 
jun out this affair forfonie months , he at length , i^ocured Bri'- 

si8 The L^emotres of the 'jyukecf Kohzn, BooklY. 

jOfi an ample Pardon ) and forty thoufand Crowns, in lieu of that 
place, which was yielded up by him, and Sfterwardsjby the King's 
command demoliihed. 

This was the laft Aft of the Conftablc's life , which fud- 
denly after the termination of this affaire , crowned with many 
dayes and much honours he yielded up at K^tz/mc^ : He was ai/ 
Xientkman of Datfphine', v/ho by his valour, prudence, and good ^ 
fortune , having pafled through all the leffer charges of the War, . 
had advanced himfelf to the highcfl : i^nd had not fo conftanc 
and uninterrupted a courfe of profperity , effaced, towards his* 
latter end , all fliame in himj fo that, he difhonoured God , by 
his domeflickj and infamous debauches , fullylng his houfe 
With Adulteries , and publique Incefls, he might havs jufrly 
been parallels with the greattft Perfons, AntJijuity can boaft 

From this amicable compofure of our Intefline differences, 
fprung faire hopes of the duration of our peace 5 which in a fhort 
time alfo Withered ; For it was contrary to the intention of thofc 
that aimed to raife their fortunes upon the ruinesof thefe of the 
Religion; Amongft whom the Marquefs ^c Po/fe^ wasthemoft 
-t'ioknc , who favoured by the command he had in the lower L m- 
gM'doc 5 left no way unelfayed to force the people upon fome de- 
fperatc courfe 5 of whom he cxafted contributions as in the time 
of the War, though by the Articles of the Treatyjthcy were en- 
tirely aboliihed : But this being not enough to provoke a people | 
harrafl'ed with fo many and yet fmarting mifchiefs , and cove- I 
tous to enjoy ttie fmall repofe they poflelTed ^ they fly to another 
kivention ', which was to ground a jealoufic upon the Duke of 
Rohan's flay at Nifhies , which many, out of a defire 3 either to 
conferve an old ill paid penfion , or to purchafe a new one , fo- 
mented with frequent calumnies , no week pafling without fome 
new accufations exhibited againfl him , upon which, and the fa- 
cility they propofed to themfelves cf expelling him the 
Town , they refolve to make him the objeft of their malice, fur- 
thering; their deiign by an occafion taken from the annual eledi- 
ons of the Confuls for Ni fines, who are alwayes chofcn at the later 
end ofthe ycaY. 

Whiles they fo induftrioufly labour his ruine here > they arc 
BOthing lefs remifs to procure it in the other Piovinces, and in- 
deed over all France, y flriking at him by the National Synod, ap- 
pointed to be held at Cafircs as a place mofl animated agaicfl the 
Duke, for that during the lafl War, he had ufed forae feverity 
towards feme perfons of quality in that Town, that would have 
Neiaycd bi[R. Jhl^ij: Yi^ikaz Qommiffiovi^xC al^ncl , a per- 


tooklV. The ij^emolres oftheDnke of RohanI up ' 

fon without contradidlon of very great abilities, but with^^ 
-mercenary? and void of (hamc, orconfciencc, with inftrudions 
to difapprovc the Duke of Rohan.*s lace engagement in arnies, t« 
difadvo.v hisforraign Intelligcncesiandjifpofliblcjto get him ex- 
communicated. - , 
The Duke fteing two fuch ftrong batteries raifcd againft him» 
and threatning more danger than the War it felf? prepares to 
tlefendhimfelf againfi: their violence : A nd forafmuch as that of 
the Synod feemed tobe of greateitconfequence^ he endeavoured 
to fecnrehimrelf againfl: it, by procuring, in feveral Provinces of 
Fr.ziice , the election of fuch perfonsfor Deputies , .as were men 
ot an inflexible integrity both to the Party and himfelf too, and 
<ir«i'AS up a Declaration , remonftrating chiefly the juft caufc he 
had to ufc fuch proceedings agalnft thofe he had formerly expel- 
led the Town j for that he knew that to be the: principal crime 
they had to charge him with in the Synod : And forafmuch as the at a publick confukatlon had ordered their gates to be kept 
ihuc agalnfthim, and that he feared the like ufage froratherato 
^ny fliouldcomefrom himj he very privately made choice of an- 
OLherMnlfter, in the room of hisown Chaplalne ? to commu- 
nicate his Declaration to his friends > and to entreat Beanfort the 
Deputy of the Scvenes to deliver his Letter, which he had writ- 
ten to the Synod > with charge, that neither the one ,, nor the o- 
ther fhould difccver themfelves , but when it might be very fea-, 
fonable ; which happened well to him ; for they were prepared to. 
rcfufe admittance to any that fhould coine from him j nay. Mar-' 
mst his Chaplain , though he protefted , that he came only a-- 
bout an affair of particular concernment to himfelf) could not be 
permitted any longer ftay there , than of four and twenty 

On the fifteenth of September , In the year i 6 z 6,- Chauve 
was choCcn Moderator , Bouteron'e AflTiflant, Blon-del Paftor? and 
Petit an Advocate of >'//)^« Scribe. And now Galand beftirres 
himfelf againfl: the Duke of Kofmn , whcfe enemies in C^^/fi- arc 
XiQ lefs diligent in preparing the venome they had to poure out a- 
gainft the Duke in the Synod, animated alfo* thereunto by the 
Commlflioncr Galland : But all their dclTgnes vanifhed into air : 
For the Deputies being before fiifficiently fatisfied with the rea- 
fons moving the Duke to proceed againft them in that manner j> 
made them not dare to prefent any bill againfl him to the Synod ; 
who ncvcrthelefs could not conceale the difpleafure they had con- 
ceived againft.ihofe of Casires ^ . with whom they difclaimcd a- • 
ny future reconciliation 5 fo that they were now become a gene- 
r;il abomination j and the only way toruineany affaire j was ro^. 

1 4 ^ Q^S£ 

ilo The Memolfes of the Vnkc of Rohan'. Book IV. 

offer it to Galdn.d's reccmpnendation ; And thus ended the Syncd, 
v\hcrej by the Kings command, f[hat he might abridge thofe of 
the Religion , of their liberty oi convening any Generall Af- 
fcmbliesj were chofcn the D^^puties General :The fix nomina- 
ted, were the Count <^t? A? 5«':;^f, the Marquefs o( Galerande. :Lt:d 
Beaufort for the Nobility : and for the Commonalty, TexicTy 
V^puy Deputy of Burgogn:,^ and B.i'^n 3 of whom GaUran.dc and 
Ba'^n. were accepted. 

This affair thi^s terminated, we muH; now reflcft upon the Con- 
fulate of :}<ifmcs. The Prefidial, or Soveraign Court of the 
Town 5 according to the humour of many Corp®racJons, not 
brooking the Duke of^o'?^^/2 fo near them, joynedwith a Party 
compofed of many perfcns of Note in the Town , whom the 
Court fadion had invited, "and drawn over to them : But finding 
themfelves yettooweakj by ordinary and Legal wayes, to pro- 
mote to the Confulate Creatures of thcipjown , they refolvc to 
engage the Royal power in it, and to cffe(fi it by wayes unrfual 
and deftruftive to their own Privilcdges , and contrary to the 
Articles of the late Peace. To which'end, they fend privately 
to the Court, v\ here they obtain a Commifllon direfted to the 
Chamber of Edi^fl in Langmdoc^ to go and order the faid E- 
leftioncf theConfuls; and that nothing might be omitted to 
forward their defi^n, the Duke of Montmorency is fent from the . 
Court into his government) who palles by A^i/wfi", where he en- 
courages thofe of his Fadion? which he flrengthens with the 
neighbouring Nobility ; and thofe he could not win to his Party? 
"he forces to abfent themfelves from the Town) till the bufinefs was 
determined : And for as much as the Marquefs of Mof^tbrim to- 
wards the latter end of the former war? had gained fome credit , 
among the P:pulacy, he wasalfo fent for cut of Dauphme -^ f6r 
they hoped not only to make fuch Confuls as (hould be at their 
devotions but upon the Dukes otpofing himfelf againft it, to 
hale him out of tiie Town, dead or alive : Thefe things thus pre- > 
paredj the day of Eledion comes 3 theMar^uefs of MonihrkK 
alfo arrives at the tkne appoirjtcd, To ^0 Men fa c,!)^ Sue, and the 
tw'o'Deans (or Scniour Coimfellors) of the Chamber, who were 
rtominated Commjflioners for this affair ; who declaring their 
charge 10 the Deputies of the Town, receive for anfwer, their 
fixed refolutlons, to maintain the Privilcdges of the Town : The 
Common-Council of wh)ch meet according to their accuftomed 
niannerj in the morning to proceed to the faid Eleftion j whither 
the Crmniiflionerss;oairo 3 but finding the doors of the Town^ 
fioufefiiut, are fain CO return to their lodgings, where they dc« 
(?liire againft the prof ecdings of tire Coiiimon-Cc-uncilj and fend 


Book iV. The MewaJres of the Dnkj of Rohm. jii 

about the Town to aflemble the Inhabitants for a new Elcflion ; 
ronie refufe to ftir, others go , but without any commotion in 
the Town were obliged to retire again. 

Now the new Confuls enter not into their Office, till a monetfei 
after the Elcdicn ; fo that the Court had leafure to fend a Pro- 
hibition to thofe that were ele6:ed, forbidding them to meddle 
with the Office, and enjoyninS; the old ones to continue the ex- 
ercife of it, till it were otherwifc ordered : notwithflanding which> 
when the firfl day of the year was ccme, the Baron d' Aiibais^ 
Gcnoyer, Sag/ncr, and Fel/Jiere^ according to the ufual manner 
took polfeflion of the Confulate j where we fliall leave them in 
rcpofe? to look further back upon the affiirs , and view their 
propenfity t)ncw imbroylmencs. 

When the Peace was concluded in theyear i^i^j it was con- 
ceived? tliat the Cardinal i^ic/^c/if^'s thoughts would be wholly 
bent onforraign af^^airs, of which he gave feme fcmblant evi- 
dence : The Prince oi Viedmo'fUi then at Court? was nominated 
Leiutcnanc-General cf the Kings Armies for forraign Parts j tlien 
hoped the Venetian Ambafladours, they fhould now fee Italy 'iKzzd 
from the Spa?j.''fh opprefllon j the Engl-Jh that they wonid re- 
cover the Valati'iate 'y and preparations were making (but in 
words only) for all thefe d.ilgns; of the reality of which if any 
one feemed to doubt? it was confirmed by a thoufand oaths : But 
when a few dayes after the figning of the Peace Vv'ith thofe of the 
Religion? unknown to all the Confederates, was figned alfo that 
• of trance with Spain. -y then brake forth complaints and difcon- 
tents of the one fide? feconded bycxcufes cf the other, every 
one cafling the blame upon another? efpecially upon Targis Am- 
balTadour in S'/'.'Z/^:? whofe Wife? as if he had exceeded the limits 
of his CommifTion? was made to fue out his Pardcn.'bur thefe 
pretences could not falve the diflempers of the Confederates in- 
tereflcd in the League, which fom^fc cf them afterwards upon oc- 

Thecaufeof this fudden and unexpefted peace? was attributed 
to ad. fire the Cardinal had to live feme time in quiet? that hs 
imj^ht the better fccure his own greatncfs , and that nothing 
might obilruft his purfuit of the defign againfl Rochclle, where he 
intended to do great matters; or elle to fonie Jcaloulic he had 
conceived of a new party, toberaifed in JFr<2?iCf? under the com- 
mand of the Duke A/J-ioh^ to ruin him; but whether it was the cne,on 
the otherjor both together,certain'y the occaficn of thefe cnfuing 
fadions? gave him fair coteursfor any defign. 

The Queen Mother dcfirous to many the Duke o^ JnjoU) would 
tiecds cci^fummaie the Match; defier.evi byH<:n/yihc ereat? be- 


122 The LMsmolres of the Dul^ «/ Rohan. Book IV. 

tvvccn him and the Piincefs of Montpenjlery which he was abfo- 
lurcly averfc from; whether this aveifion proceeded from him- 
felf, or the fu^^g^cftions of others, not defirous this treaty flioulc! 
take efFeft ; which encouraged many to joyn with him. But the 
Prince of C^)/-?^?' , and his Wife, whom this marriage threat- 
fied with a remove fo many decrees from the Crown, as the Duke 
pf^;«/(j/i{ fliould have Sons ; The Count of Soffo'dsiov the fame 
reafon, and out of hopes he had to marry that Princefs himfelF: 
The Duke of Lon-gncy'dle out of Jealoufie of the Duke of Gipfcy 
whofe Sons were all Brothers to the Princefs Mon.tpe?ificr ; The 
Duke oi Vcndofme upon the fame confideration, to which hi§. 
Brother the Grand Prior oi Fran-ce added his difcontcnts againft 
the Cardinal,, who had deluded him with promlfes ofthe Admi- 
ralty of Fr/?«(:r,which afterwards under another title, he refer ved 
to himfelfj many of the chief Nobility out of particular Inte- 
refts; The Queen who feared the others fertility would preju- 
dice her in the King her Husbands and his Subjeds affeftlons ; 
and the King himfelf induced by feveral apprehenfions, oppofcd 
it: See here very confiderable obflacles to be removed. 

Neverthelefs theC^een- Mother, who with good reafon grounded 
on her ownj&the Intereft of theS'tatCjwas very zealous for this mar-=. 
riagejdefpairs notjbut begins her defign with an attempt to gain tl c 
Colonel d' OmartOy who was formerly the Duke of Anjou's Go- 
vernour, and continuing flill his Favourite had a great influence 
on him :To this end, ,fhe gets him made Marihal cf France -y 
but what ever promifcs thefe honours extrafted from him, they 
quickly vaniflied, as foon as he faw the P rincefs of Co^idc^ whofe 
beauty and attraft ions raifedinhim fomuch love and vanity, as 
totally blinded him, fo that being careffed and fued to of all 
hands, he loft himfelf in that Maze of felicity : the better to car- 
ry on his own defigns with her, he pretends to the Queen-Mother 
that his fcrvlces arc wholly bent to efFeft her defires, and pro- 
cure her contentment, when really the charms of that Princefs 
bad drawn him entirely to her devotion ; 'Twas fhc alfo governed 
the Queen } propofing to her the difrefped and contempt the 
Children of the Duke of An oh. would bring upon her; and that 
if he muft needs be married, her Sifter the Infanta of Spain would 
be a more convenient match for him : But all this while this Prin- 
cefs hoped that having clearly gained the Marfhall ^* 0/-?2^»tf to, 
her afliftance, ftic ftiould in the depth of this Labyrinth find out 
away to condud her own Daughter to the Dukes bed. See here] 
three Parties in one, the Queens, and thofe of the two Princes 
of the blood, all which, though for different reafons, and which 
they concealed the one from the oihera confpirc to impede this] 

match : 

Book IV. The CMewolres of the Dnke of Rohan~t 2 ^ 

match ; and fo ftrenuoufly profecuce their defircs, that the Dukc 
of An]Oii abfolutely refufcd her. 

At the fame time there hapned a private quarrel which was fc- 
conded by many other : Chalais Matter of the f^'ardrobCi having ifl 
aDucl flainP»'2fgi&^«/f, younger Brother to LucUe, Nephew to 
the Marfliall Schomberg, and a Favourite of the Duke ei* Elbeufy 
cfiufcdagreatdlvifion in the Court; the Duke of AfijoH , the 
Count of SeiflmSf and the Grrr^iPr/V? undertook the protefti- 
on of Chalais ; the Duke d* Elbeitf, with the whole family of 
Ci^ife ("except the Duke de Chevrrufe) favoured the Houfe of 
Luddc ', this divifion lafted all the Winter ; at length? Chain Is ha- 
ving obtained his Pardon, andfenfible of his obligations to his 
Protedors, gave hlmfelf up wholly to their Interefts, and was 
of great ule to continue the Duke of Anjoft in his obftinacy 
againft the marriage with the Princefs Montpenfer ; The Prin- 
cefs of Conde alfo diffident of the fufficiency of her power with 
the Queen, perfwades her to engage the Dutchefs of Chevreufe 
in her party, for that her own Interefts lying with the other Par- 
ty, fhs feared left otherwife (lie fhould divert her: But her will 
was eafily brought to a compliance with the Queens j the fenfc of 
hei great obligations to her, making her promifeto facrifice all 
her Interefts ro her Commands and fervice. On the other fidejthe 
Queer-Mother paffionately profecutes the accomplilhment of the 
Marriage; efpecially the Cardinal,hoping that to effeft it againft fo 
many and great oppofit ions, would enlarge the Princefs ofMone^ 
penfiers obligations zo himfo, that his power would fufFcr nodi* 
minution, though misfortune fliould alien even the Kings afFefti- 
onsfiomhim; the Princefs of C^^f/, Sifter to the Duke of G«i/^, 
and all their family beftir themfelves mainly to the fame end, 
and by the means of the Duke d' Elbeuf, who was a Friend o£ 
B;Zi''44<ij the Kings Favourite, or ^Ife of fome other perfons who 
engaged themfelves in It, the King was alfo brought about torel- 
li{h the match too, out of an apprehenfion infufed to him, that 
thofe three fadions pretended only a rupture of the marriage, 
whereas, in efFt^d, their defign had no other aim but his ruin, to 
clap him into a Monaftery, and marry the Duke of Anjoi^ to the 
Qieen : This impreftion made him now as zealoufly promote, 
as he had formerly oppofed the marriage ; earneftly importuning. 
his Brother, and fending to the Marftiall d* Omano, who returned 
large proteftations of obedience to his commands, but that as yet 
he could not difcover any difpofition in the Duke for it: Thus 
for fome lime was the Marfhall careiTed and fued to by all 
Iflths meanwhile, the oppofitc Parry ilrengthen iherafelvc$ 


124 ^^^^ Memolres of the Duke o/Rohan. Book I VJ 

^\9kh a fiipply oF all fuch as hated the Cardinal, efpecially the 
Duke of Savoy y vvho; fdefirous to repay him the ill office he had 
lately received by the concluiion of the peace with Spain-t which 
expofcd him to the inconvenience of a war with Gr4Da,^nA the ha- 
tred o'iSpain^) by his Ambalfador die Abbot of Scngl'ia-, propofes to 
tho. Duke a match with the Princefs of Mantm^mndi by the fame in- 
ftiumenc inftigates him to ridhimfelf of the Cardinal? as the only 
obftacle to all his defigns ; but- the Prince of Conde^ and the Prin- 
cefs his Wife, feeing the Kin^ varied in his, had not courage 
enough to perfevere in their rcfolutions for the Party they had uh- 
aertaken, though they were mofl engaged to prevent the marri- 
age ; but indeed fo great a properifity was there in their natures to 
treachery and fallliood, that without any difficulty was this change 
ivroughc in them : the one hoping to gain a piece of Land, called 
Vu/t-ie-Yoy y and was a part of the Crown-land ? to joyn it to 
his Dutchy of Chafieau-^oiix ; and the other ? that 
■ fHe m'ght not totally leave the Court the feat of her pleafures and 
contents i and the better to ad their parts, the Prince comes to 
Valery^ not far from VotmuumhUaii where the King then was, 
whither the Princefs alfo makes fevcral journies j after which 
the Mirquefs of BiCxJ. Brother-in-law to the Cardinal, makes 
three voyages thither alfo, but very privately; to whom, as ''tis 
faid he gave an account of all palTages, adding to, rather then 
curtailing the relation of any particular, according to the cuflom 
of all Informers, that by fuch means hope to irihance the price of 
their difcoveries. 

About this time were intercepted feveral packets going into Spiin. 
and Savr,y^\\i\\\c\), ©ccafioned th? fecuring of the Marihal ^' OmMd^ 
vyho was yet fomewhat more ccremonioufly dealt withall then or- 
dmary,;n regard of his Mafler : The King one afternoon commands 
the Regim'^nt of his guards into the B.iffe Court at Fow/Ztaraeblean, 
under pretence of cxercifing before the Queens i but inftead of 
returning to their quarters, they pofTefTe themfclves of all the 
adventics of the village, which was alfo furrounded by the Caval- 
ry : And the King going very early to bed, not long after rofe 
agiin, fentforihe Queen-Mother? the Cardinal, the Chancel- 
lour, and th'e MirfhilT Schombcg^ with whom he refolved upon 
the Arreft , which was executed by the Captain of the 

Whereupon the King fenr inflantly for the Duke of Aniou, to 
let him know that the reafon of his imprifonment was, becaufc 
he knew that inflead of fervinghim according to his duty, the 
MirrinU infufcd bad Counfels inuo him ; at which the Duke was 
iiighlydifpleafed, and to as little purpofc difcovered hshis dji"-, • 

Book IV. The Memdres of the 1)y.k£ «f Roban. 125 

guft both in words and gcftures, flies in great fury at the Cardi- 
nal, demanding of him, if he had been privy to this de/ign, who 
told him that indeed he was not ignorant of it ; the fame demand 
ipakeshc to the Chancellour,vvho for not daring to advow the 
aftion, loft his feals a few dayes after, and was banifhcd the 

After this Arreft of the MarfhaLwas, a Domeftick 
of the Duke of ^?2/o/^'s fent to the Basilic, as alfo Modem and 
Deagcnt foe their old faults: The Count of Chaflean-Ronx, and 
the Chevalier de ^.rrs were alfo baniflied the Court, fufpeded for 
having fo great a dependance on the Queen and the Count of 
Soijfons. The Marfhalwas fcnt to the Bois de y'lncenneSy and all 
the places under his Command feized on, the moft confiderable 
of which was Von-t Saint Efprit in Langt{.cdoc : The report of 
this, made all the Princes and Great ones then at 'Paris, and in 
no little amazement at this accident^ return to their attendance 
on the Court. 

The Duke of ^?Z/o/^ perfifts ftill in hisdifcontent, and is mere 
averfc then ever from the marriage with the Princcfs of Mont- 
pcnjier y But being yet deftitute of any fafe retreat, he is inforced 
to cover his difplcafure with a difiembled accommodation with the 
Cardinal; and huntii>g often about toimtaineble'au, refolves one 
day to go towards Vltmy, apd dine with him, who then lay there; 
but having notice of the Dukes intentions, and that it was only to 
do him a difcourtefic , departs thence before day, comes to 'V 

tountamebUah juft as the Duke was rifing, and gave him his 

This little difcovcry roufes the Cardinals and makes him very 
foUicitous to provide againft theftorms impending over him: he 
imderftands moreover, that all contrivances againft his life come 
frohi Savoy, that the Abbot of Scaglia is the chief Inftrumenc 
imployed in it ; that the Queen made ufe of the Vutchefs o£ 
Chevreicfe to animate the Duke of An.jon. againft him, that the 
Grand Prior irritated by a private difcontent, is alfo one of the 
moft violent againft him? whereupon he refolves to ruine thofe 
lie could) and to rid himfelf of the reft the beft he could. 

Thiswas the ground of his irreconcilable hatredagairft S^'Z/oj, 

of the ruin of the Grand V.nov, Chal a is ^^ the Dutch, of Chcvrewje, 

To compafshis defign, and prepare his way to the Government 

of Britany^ which he coveted for its good Forts,and the conveni- 

cncies to execute this new office of Superintendent cf the Sea? 

ivhichhehad introduced to fucceed the fupprefled Admiralty of 

France ^ he fuggefts to the King, that the Duke of Venciofme. 

^rew too potem in Eiitanj/p coniiderifig his precenfions to than 

\ '- : Duichy 

jz6 ThttJifemolres of the Duke <?/Rohan. Book IV. 

Dutchy in the right of his Wife, md the alliance he was entring 
into with the Duke of K^t\y who was very powerful in that 
Pfovinccj and Matter of two of the moft conftderable places in it; 
that the Qrand Prior, the moft zealous of all the Duke of An- 
joii's Partifans, was his brother j that it m'lght be one day a 
moft fecurc retreat for the Duke, and of dangerous confequencc 
to all France, confidering its fituarion both fo near to England 
and Spain ; and that it would be expedient to provide timely pre- 
ventions agalnft fuch fatal accidents. This made the King rc- 
folve upon a journey thitherjand to ptepare himfeif for it, the 
vi/hole Court removed back to Paris ; but the better to conceal the 
intended voyage, they pretended only 3 journey to EloJs j Never- 
thelefs the Grand Prior rightly conceiving; that a further progrcfs 
wasdefiened, offers to feekbuchis Brother, and bring him to 
juftifie himfeif againft all accufations whatever ; provided he 
might be fecured by an engagement of their words, not to be inju- 
red in his perfon : this he imparts to the Cardina],who approves cf 
hisdefign, filshim with hopes, but no promifeof fecurity, ad- 
vifing him to procure that of the King, which he does, and fo de- 
parts for Br^^^^y- 

The Duke of Aftjer^ was very unwilling to this Journey,buc 
finding no evafion for it» at length refolves upon it : All the 
Court go , except the Count of SoiffQiis, and the Princcfs of 
Montpenjler, whom the ficknefs of their Mothers ftayed behind. 
The King being at Blois, thither came the Duke of l^mdofnie and 
his Brother: For two dayes together the King niadc them infinite 
carcfles, which the third night he clofes with an Arreft by the 
Captain of his guards, and then fcnt them both Piifoners to the 
^aftledf Amboife. 

After this was done, the Cardinal, who had all this while 
ftayed at one of his houfes near Varlsy comes to Blots, openly 
commjferating the misfortune of the Grand Priori but not his 
Brother, in which the whole Court fympathize, for that the one 
was beloved, but the other hated ; and that which moft moved 
their compaflionj, was, that the Grand Prior had moft innocently ^ 
been the Inftrument of both his own and Brother's difafter. The 
refolution for the voyage into Britany is continued^ and alfo to 
prefsthc Duke of Anjoi^ to the marriage, who ftill oppofedit." 
But fome of his Party, <^earing left at length he might recede from 
bis refolution, advife him to quit the Court : Some counfelling 
him to take the way of Roc^elle, others that of Mef^: Moreover - 
they fend to the Count oi Soijfonshr Balagny and Boyer, two 
trufty perfons, the one to be his condutlor towards RocheU", if 
chey took that waya and the ether to treat with his Uncle the 
• . puke 

Book IV. The Afen:oiresoftheDHkeofV<o\ilX\o 1 27 

Dukcot V'lUdrs Gov tmox o^ Huzrcy that they might fecurc that 

Port to receive the forrai?n fuccoLirs promifed them. But as 'tis 
ufual in all dangerous enterj'rizes, mens hearts failing them, in- 
flead of executing their dcfigns, they raife difficulties to over- 
throw them, To hapned it in this j For inftead of going thcm- 
felves, they fent a Gentleman belonging to C^;.^/^/?, tothcDukt 
of VMetteto know whether }\e wruld receive the difcontents, and 
by that means gave him opportunity to evade a bufinefs, in which, 
had they furprizcd him, he had without refinance been engaged: 
For conceiving by t'ljs meflage :hat they were not well refolvedjhc 
fent them word, that the place belonging to his Father the Duke 
d' EfperrMij he muft jfitft fend to know his pleafure, before he 
could return them afiy other apfwer : This very well plcafed thofc 
that difTwadcd his departure? efpeciaily C/?.i/^/^ who was of a mild 
tcmoer, and naturally averfe from fadion; to which his friends 
had never inclined him, had not his fpirit been too flexible to 
W'ichftand their folicitations; fo that feeing the trouble and dan- 
ger ftiU increafe,he grew very defirous to dif-entangle himfelf of 
the affair, and to that end, intreats the Commandckr de Valence 
to afl'ure the Cardinal, that he would renounce the Duke o£ 

. Arijoiis Incercfls, and become \\.$ fervantj The Cardinal who 
dcfired nothing more, receives and cajoles himfo handfomlj, 
that he engages him by promife, ro difcover all the Dukes defigns 
to him o'Thislafledatew daye.s but ihe inconflancy of his hu- 
inour, which yet was nothing mifcheivous, hurrying him to ano- 
ther change 5 he repents of his promife, will difcover nothinp'^ 
and raccdmodes himfelf with the Duke of Anjou'^ retjucfling the 
CommandeHr to revoke the promife he had given the Cardinal in 
hisbchalf, who excufes himfelf of the employment, foretelling 
him, that it was the next way to a Prifon or worfe ; But Chains 
?io!:withflanding, perfifting in his refolucions, goc fome other to 
carry his intentions to the Cardinal, who nothing relir>ied the 
meffagej which recalled to his mind the bulinefs of P/f^/j, and 
gave hiiTi fome Jealoufies that it was the Dutchefs of Chevieiifs 
that had regained him, and therefore he thoyght it now time to 
difpatch him : Wherefore he caufes him to bearrefted and fent 
Pnfoncr to the Caftle of Nantes; and Commiflloncr^ of thc^ 
Partiamentof Britany were appointed for his trial; at which he 
confeffes, and accufes, what, and Vv'hom they pleafe ; thinking by 
thatmeans fbeing little verfed in criminal proceedings^ tofave 
himfelf, confirms alfo fome flying reports of his engagement to 
Icill the King who was helping him to bed ; but he was condem- 
ned and executed for this only? that beicg a Domeflick of the 
pukcoi Anjoh's^ he had adv J fed bis Mailer to retire from the 

• * '■ Court « 

I'ZS The {Jytemoires of the B:ik£ of Kohzn, Book IV. 

Court : Bit after all thefe ueakncflcs? feeing how incfi^dual 
they had been to fave his life, he dyed with much courage and 
conftancy \ At the /ame time alfo was Hurcillac apprehended, 
and devefted of his Government o^ Sommkres in LanguedoCy 
Troftcortanii S.z!rjcterie were alfo banillied the Court, for prefu- 
ming to dififwade the King from the intended marriage : To which 
the Duke of An-jotc^ during thoTe procedures, was anew urged 5 
and his Favourites being already won? the Duke upon hopes of 
theMarlTial^' 0/■^.^'^t>'^5 and Chalak liberty, at length refolves 
upon it, and falling from one extremity-to another, luddenlyand 
privately marries the Princefs of Mo?VpenJicr, fwho was purpofely 
fent for from raris with a gallant train) loves and carelles her, and 
now cannot live without her. Hereupon his Appanage was af- 
fignedhim, to witj rheDutchyes of Qrleam and Chartrts ^where- 
fore for the future we }l;ail call him the Duke of Qrleaji?) toge- 
ther with the Earldom of V>lois i great in appearance? but feated 
in the heart of I'rance, without any good place within the whole 
circuit of it, and of a very fmall revenue, his chiefeO; afllgnations 
forthem.aintenance of his houfe being out of the Trearury,thac 
fo they might at pleafure be taken from him. 

The marriage thus confummated, they proceed notwithftanding 
to the execution of Ch.-ila-tS) inquiring alfo after informations a- 
gainft the Duke of K(?;2^{)/«?r,efpecially whether he held not Intel- 
Jigence with the Duke of SoubiT^i during the war in the year 
ioZ5'. CcmmiiTicncrs alfo were appointed for the trial of the 
puke, and his Broiher the Grand Prior; but the one objeding 
the Privikdge of hi» PeCiage,and the other of his Crofs cf Malta y 
they were at laft fent totheBoif ^e l^ince?tn-es, without any fur- 
ther proceedings againfl: them ; only the Dukes houfes in By'itany 
were razed, and he v/as deprived of his Government of that Pro- 
vince 5 which was conferred en the Marfhal Thcm'rei-s. Twas 
thought the reafonthat diverted the Cardinal from the defign he 
had upon thi^ Government, was, that havmg placed into Byejl, 
one of the fairefl and fccureft Ports of all Trance^ one SoiirdeaCy 
a creature of his Qwn, out of hopesto fecure it to himfelf; the 
King without his privity, conferred that command upon a Souldicr 
•f mean quality, which vexed him fo, that abandoning all fu- 
ture thoughts of the other? he refolved upon the purchafd^of 
Uaiivre de Grace in yo,m.tndy. 

Upon the Confcffion of Chalak-, Mcflengers were alfc^rent to 
Vergeiyz Houfe of the Prmce of Giiymcnes to confine the D'^^chefs 
of Chcvreufc there? but (he efcaped that confinement bl?Jier de- 
parture before to P^tris, where being informed of vjhat haq palled^ 
ihz r£C<)Yerci, by srcar iournhi tQ L^rmn, 

Book IV. The CMemolres of the Dnke ofKohm. 1 2§ 

The voyage of Britany having thus fucceededj the King returns 
to Var'is, where the Count of So'jfons duift not expeft his arri-, 
Valj but grown wife by rhc misfortune of others, travels into /fit- 
/y, where the Court-hatred purfued and perfecuted him ; For 
Letters were fent to Be:/7/^ac Embafladour extraordinary for the 
King at Kome, that he fliould take care the title of Highnefs was 
not given him 5 to which Beth/me having no other pafTion then 
for his Mailers fcrvice, anfvvers, that he would never be guilty 
of fuch a crime, but that if the Count of Soijfon-s had offended 
the King, he ought topun^fh him in Fran.ce, and not in thac 
which would fo much intreach upon the honour of the Crown ; and 
that he would rath- r quit his employment, then do fuch a dif- 
fervice both to his Mafter and Family. 

When the Court came to V^yis, not a word was fpoken of the 
Dutchefs of Chezfciife her removal ; S.rcd:gny and Bonceil wera 
confined to their own houf.s, one being accufcd for advifing the 
Count ot" So-ffons to leave VvancCy the other for his too great 
propenlTty to the Queens feivice. Attempts were made alfo to 
take the Chevxlicy ri. 5p,:>j-, which having notice of, he prevented 
by his flight into England ; About this time alfo the Marfhal d^ Or^^ 
nam died of the Scone, whofe death occafioncd feveral difcourfcs- 
We will now leave the Duke of Orleans to comfort-himfelf witfi 
the embraces of his new Wife, for the lofies and misfortunes o€ 
his fervants \ and the Cardinal to refrefK himfelf awhile, after 
having diflipaced fo thick, and menacing a cloud, as hovered over 
his head, to come to the affairs of England-, whither the AbboE 
ScigliAy four raoneths before, was gone in qualit\' of AmbafTadour 
cxtraordinary, and carried together with his Maflers, his own par- 
ticular paflions, both being unanimoufly bent to fpare nothing* 
that might purchafe them a found revenge upon the Cardinal ^ 
There he found the Duke of Bncl^ingham of the fame humour, 
whom he encouraged to procure the banifhraent of all the French 
attending on the Queen of great Britany, for thar they cherillied 
their Miflrefs in fome froward humours? which many times occa- 
iioncd differences between the King and her? alledging that Spamy 
' Trance, and S^'z^oy would be fufficient prefidents to warrant the 
aftion; recounts the numerous fadions and difcontentshe had- 
Icftln France, the illufageof thofe of theReligiom in whofe In^_ 
terfefls the King himfelf v/as engaged, as being furety for the ob- 
. fervance of the lafl treaty of peace,and afTures him of his iMafler 
• the Duke • i S^i'oy^i" complyance and fidelity upon all occafionsj 
' Allthefe rrfwafions joyned with the urgent follicltations of the 
Duke of SofibiTe, in the behalf of thofe of the Religion, moved 
the Duke of Bfic\in^ham to perfwade the King his Mafter private- 
It b 

1 go The Memoir es of the Vuke of Rohan, Book 1 V. 

!y to fend a Gentleman to the Duke of Kohan. to inform him of hi* 
deep refentments that thofe of the Religion had by his means 
and intervention been deceived, that he now faw clearly, that in- 
ftcadof reftoring Rochelle to its liberty, preparations were make- 
ingto opprcfsit, andthathedefired toknowalfo what perfecu- 
tions they fufFered in Languedoc 5 that it was expedient they Ihould 
addrefs their complaints to him, that, being Caution for the late 
peace, he might have juft occafion to demand reparation for the 
infraAions of it, which if it was refufed, he protefled that he 
would employ the whole ftrength of all his dominions, and hazard 
alfo his own perfon to obtain an exaft and punftual obfervatlon of 
the Edift for peace : But that finceitwas fitting, for the better 
Juflification of his procedures, to begin with fuch formalities, he 
defires that he would fend him over a Gentleman? by whom he 
might be fully informed and direded how to proceed. 

The Duke who faw no humane means to preferve Roche lie but by 
relief from England^ received thisMeflage with all refpeft and ho- 
nour; and informed the Gentleman, that the Comaiiinaltiesof 
the Religion could not write to the King his Mafter neither in Ge- 
neral, nor in particular without being deteded, which would crufh 
the affair in itsbirthjthat he would undertake that office for them 
allj by fending a Gentleman with a Letter, to implore that aflifl- 
ancc of him, he was obliged to give them ; who moreover fliould 
be fully inftiufted with the particular in obfervarions of the peace> 
and what he thought was the mofl convenient courfeto be taken in 
reference to the war : With this anfwer the Gentleman returned, 
and a few dayes after, according to his promifejthe Duke difpatchc 
ti.^Uncan with orders to goby the way oiRochcUe yZo fee in what 
condition was the Citadel of Saint Martin in the Ifle of Re j 
which he cxadly well performed, aijd after his arrival in Englandy 
obtained a conclufion of a war for our relief. 

In the mean while the Duke of '^uc^iniham caufes all the 
Queens French Servants (except a Chaplain) to be cafhiered, 
which made fo great a noife in France y that the Marfhall Bajfom- 
piere was fenr Embaffadour extraordinary into England to c©m- 
pofe the afl^ir, and returned thence with fatisfadion correfpon- 
dent to his inftrndions and intentions ; But the two Favourites ac- 
cord not at all ; he oi France caufes the Mar ihal, being no crea- 
ture of his to be difownedj and the other procures a dilfolution of 
the treaty. 

' Nof long before, the taking of fome Normande ihips by the 
Mngliflj) gave another occafion of difference ; The Parliament 
of Roiien hereapon not receiving that fpeedy fatisfadion they ex- 
pcded? laid Embargo upon aj Englifh Y eflels in all their Ports, 


B ook I V". The (Jiiemotres dftheBuke /Rohan^ i ^ I 

and the Englijh upon the reciprocal and fruitlcfs complaints of both 
Parties, made Prize of all the Y^rench they met with. 

ThePakeof Miic^inghjim, who in all thefe affairs aded nothing 
out of affedipn to reljglonj or regard to his Mafters honour, but 
only to fatlifie his paflion for fornc foolifli Amours of his In 
f ranee, upon thefe two.occafions grounds a requefl to be fent Em- 
baffadour 'to Vraiice ; Thus from the petty follies of the Court, 
fprings the diflurbance of whole Kingdoms, moft of the mlfchcifs 
rhat infeftthem flowmg from the particular Intercfts of Favourites? 
who tramplljng Juftice under their feet, fubvert all good policy, 
change the good Maximcs of the State, and make their Matters 
but properties to fupport their greatnefs, wealth and revenge. . 

The Duke of Ro^iZ« jealous of this Embaffie, fcnc one of his 
Gentlemen very privately to Varis, to obferve the adions of 
Buc^'mgham^ and to encourage him In his former refolution : Buc 
the King would not admit of his Embaffie, fothat hisdefign of 
Love being fruftrated, he nowfoUovves the didates of his rage* 
and fince he could not fee the objed of his padion, refolves to 
fliew the King his power, preparing all things for the warj in 
-*vhlch, by hisprefeht care and afliduity, he redeems his former 
negligence and remifnefs; and that he might omit nothing thac 
might further his defign, the Lord Ho^it^igiie Is fent into S^voy, 
and thence to the Duke of Ko/^-^;?, where arriving very privately^ 
he delivers his Credentials frcra the King5 and from Biic^mghamy 
in whofe names he aflures him of the great preparations In -E/^g- 
land for our afliftancc, to wit, of thirty thoufand men to be dlf- 
pofcd into three feveral Fleets, the firft defigned for the Ifle of 
R^', the fecond coming up the river of Bourdeaux to land in 
Guk/im:, and the third In iVor/^^.w^^^y, to give the King a found di- 
yerfion there, whirfthe fhould be bufied in CHiame-j that the 
Rivers of Loire, Seine , and the G^romie fliould with g0od Fri- 
gots be kept clofcly blocked j that the Duke of Savoy v^ovAd make 
an invafion either upon Daiiphine or Provence, and moreover pro- 
mifed the Duke of Kohan five hundred auxiliary horfe, and the 
Duke of Chevreufe alfo the like number ; that his defire was, thac 
with thofe thoufand horfejand the foot he fliould levy in Langueduc^ 
he would march to Mo/ttanban, to rally thofe of the Religion in 
Cuieun.0, and joyn with the EngUfh Army, that (hould niake itS 
difccnt by the River of hoitrdeaux :To which he replyed, that 
immediately upon the entry of the English into France, and not i 
before, he would engage himfelf to take arms, and procure the 
lower Langueddc , the Sevenes , Kouergue, and a part of the 
higher Langnedoc to declare, and upon his own fcorc to raife four 
thoufand footj and two hundred horfc to raaich to Montaitbaa y 

K 2. .i^tA 

ip The tJiiemoWesofthe P//^«? of Rohan Book IV. 

and moreover, if he had half the Cavalry promifed him, he would 
undertake to joyn the £-^^/''J?? Aimy in any part of Gukn-ite Yih^i- 

Me?^^^^«^ returned fat jsfied with this anfwer, and the Duke of 
Kohan began his preparations, which yet he could not make wicl* 
that fecrelie, but that the Court had fooa an inckling of them} 
fo that his Mother and Sifter had been made Prifonersjhad they 
notfoughttheir fafety by flying to 2?ock//^, where they did emi- 
nently contribute to the defeating of the King's defigns there; 
and as all contrivances againft him, were clandeftine and under- 
hand, fo, for his part did he cherifh thofe of the Religion in their 
difcontens , efpecially concerning the Conliilaics of Nifmes and 
Alef^^ whofe accomodations he prevented, fo that he prcfcrved 
thofe Corporations in a firmiefolutionto dare all extremities, ra- 
ther then fuffer the leaft diminution of their Priviledgesjand all the 
refl in a condition to adhere to them ; And on the other fide, the 
Courtfadion having interefled the Royal authority in the con- 
cern of thofe Confulates, would not in theleaft degree recede 
from their pufpofcs. 

When things were in this poflurc, about the twentieth oi "J^ly 
comes the Duke of Buc\mgham into t'le Rode of KochcUe, with a 
brave Armado, in \\hich were ten thoufand men, with ftore of 
Canon, and ammunition for war, with all forts of Inflruments 
for Pioneers: which when the Bochcliers faw? inftead of receiving 
him whom they had fo impatiently expc<flcd5 they fhut their 
; gates and havens againft him, to prevent the arrival of anyone 
from hitn, to impart his Commiffion to them ; for the Maior and 
thofe in authority were corrupted by the Court Parry, and the 
poor people had neither ftrength, nor courage to admit him : So 
that Soubi-^ewzs fain to go on fhore in a Shalloup, and landing 
near to one of the Town-Gates with one of the King of E?iglands: 
Secretaries, his Mother wentftraightto another, whither when 
the Duke was alfo come, fhe went forth and drew him in by the 
arm, at which the People much rcjoyced, and in great troops fol- "• 
lowed him to his lodging : When he was thus gotten in, he afTem « 
bled the Counccl of the Town, to whom the Secretary declared 
the fubftance of his Meflage after this manner ; That the Duke of 
Bficl^mgham had fcnt him to let them know, that by tbe command 
of the King his Mafter, he was now come in fight of them with a 
Gallant Army, ready to land where occafionfhould require i that 
that which induced his King to this, was his certain knowledge 
thatthe Councelof France^ (corrupted by the houfe of Jiijiria) 
eonfpired the ruine of all Chnftendom; which manifeftly ap- 
peared in the affaiis of Gnmmj) whkh they have eriCircly mined. 

Book IV. The C^femoires of the Vuh of Rohm. I3.? 

efpeciallyby thacpermiffion was given to Count ^Xmsfidds Army 
to pafs through France, v/hich, as he was ready to march, was rc- 
fufed him , and was the deftrudion of that? and confequcntly 
of the Germun' Armvjln which twelve thoufand EngOflo peiifhed 
^y famine 5 that fince the King his Mailer had by his AmbalTadours 
mediated a compofing of the late War againft thofe of the Reli- 
gion, and engaged himfelf foi: the faithful obfpvation of the Ar- 
ticles of the Treaty, (and that too with the confent of the King 
of Franc?) in which? thofe of the Religion had fubmitted to con- 
ditions too harfh for their prefenc eftate to bear j he had fecn 
their Confederates of Itdly deferted, and the Armies defigned for 
their defence, employed to block up their Garrifons? and to reduce 
this Town to a Confumption by Famine? the continual cries of 
which place, and of the whole body of the Reformed partyjhaving 
by the mediation of the Dukes of Koha/i and Soubi^c^ reached his 
eares, and taking notice of the vaft preparations at Sea? clofely to 
begirt this Town? and that to that end, by an unreprefidented aft 
of injufticej one hundred and twenty Engl'ffh (liips^ with all their 
Merchandize, Mariners, and Artillery} were feized on in time of 
peace; that for thefe, and miny other reafons? compaflionating 
their miferies, and heavy prefiures, his promife alfo to fee the Ar- 
ticles agreed on, performed, obliging him, he now ofter'd them a 
powerful afliftance both by Sea and Land, in cafe they will accept 
of it, and engage in the War with him, protefting not to profecuce 
any particular preten/ion or intereft: whatfoever , fave only what 
was accorded to thofe of the Religion 5 for which he became 
Caution: That in cafe the Town refufe this offer, the Duke 
folemnly protefts before God, and the world , that he holds his 
Mafter fully abfolved of all obligations borhofConfcIence? and 
Honour ; and that for his part,he fhall difpofe himfelf to execute 
the reft of the commands impofed on him by his Mafter? and that 
hedcfires their clear and fpeedy anfwer : This Harangue much 
moved the people, who faw no other re-fourfe,nor hopes of deli- 
verance then from the EnglJjh Arms J yet fo prevalent was the 
i^dion of thofe that endeavoured the deftrudion of that poor,and 
miferable Town, that with much difficulty were they induced to re- 
folve on any thing; at length they fenc their Deputies to the 
.Duke of Bac^ingham, to give the King of England thanks for the 
care he took of them, and withall to let him knowj that having 
heard, and well confidered of his Meffage, repre Tenting his Ma- 
jefties good intentions to all the Reformed in France, of whom 
they were but a part J that being bound by their Oath of Union to 
ad nothing but by a general and unanimous confent, they concei- 
ved their anfwer would be niuch firmer, and more acceptable to the 

K 3 ' Kiugj 

I :?4 The {_MenJoires ofihe T>ptke c/Rohan. Book IV. 

K'ng, if ic w ere accompanied with that of the Duke of Kohan:,7LTi^ 
the reft of the Reformed party,to\vards whom they were now fend- 
ing with all fpeed j b^fceching the Duke of BucJ^inghum favou- 
rably to interpret this Protradioncf the demanded junftion^ and 
be a means that it may not be difpleafing to the King of great 
Britain. In the mean time they would addrefs their prayers, and 
yowes to God for the profperous progrefs of his Aiins to 
a plenary execution of the good, and holy intentions of his 

This anfwer had like to have drawn great prejudice on them 
of all hands ; from the E^^g' jhi to fee their great irrefolutionjand 
that they ihoiild n. ed a fpur, who could find no fafety but in their 
courage, and audacity ; fiomthofeof the Religion, inafmuch as 
they demmded their advice jnot afliftance : Thus in affairs of great 
confcqucnce, Councels accompanied with too much circumfpedi- 
on, are attended on by no lefs dangersi for they difcover fo much 
fear, as raifes the courages of enemies, and deprefl'es thofe of 
friends : The Duke of Sdiihr^. fent the Duke of 'EHcJ{ingham a 
particular account cf this deputation, and anfwer, by S<2i«;f B/.t^- 
carte^ and withall, an abfolute affarancc of the Town of /?o- 

It Is no V to be obfer/ed, that when Soubi'^^e left the Fleer, to 
know the indentions of the Kochcllersj two things were agreed on. 
bet\* ecn him;, and Buckingham : Firfl:,that the firft defcent fhould 
be in the Ille of 01 ron., both for the facility of it? there being not 
above t^^■elve hundred fouldiers to oppofe them, nor any fortrefs 
able to make eight dayes rcfiflancej and alfo for the convenisncies 
of the D'ace, abounding in corn, and wine, commodious for the 
maintenance of their Souldiers and M.iriners, eafie to be kept,and 
that once raken, and the Efigli(h VelfeU guarding the Sea? would 
in fhort time reduce tie Ifle of Re to great extremities 5 whereas 
if they made their firft attempt on the otherjwhich was well fto- 
red with fouldiers, fufificiently fortified to make a g^od oppofition, 
the fuccefs of the attempt would be full of hazard, and the con- 
queft of uncertainty J the other was not to attempt any thing be- 
fore the Duke of Soiihi':^ his return: But when Saint Blanc art 
came there to acquaint the Duke of BacJ^ingham with the ifTue of 
his negotiation in RocbcUe, h.Q^ound the dzCiojy varied, a difcent 
into the Ifle of Fe. determined, and ready to be executed, which 
th Duke of Bac^ingh m alfo, not expeding Soitbio^e his return, 
kaftans; whether it ^' as, that he feared left To.'ivt/, who had al- 
ready three thoufand foot, and two hundred horfe inthelf]and> 
ihoiild grow too ft ong,manyof the Nobility, and great numbers 
of fouldiers flocking thither from all parts 5 or that h© was loth 

Book IV. The t^emolres oftheDuke of Rohan^ 155 

Soub'iTe fliould participate of che honour of thcaftion. Atth'S 
dilcent there was a fmart and gallant combate, the Englljhy like x 
deluge, orer-whelming all that oppofed them, which greatly terri- 
fied the Rommifi^ ', and had he clofcly ptirfucd the vidory, and 
goncdireftly to the Fort, according to the advice of the Duke of 
Sofibi\ey who was by that time gotten thither, he had found it em- 
pty both of provifions and fouldiers ; but the lofs of five dayes idly 
trifled away, gave Toiras leifure to rally his fcattered men? and to 
carry all the provifions, could be found in. the Village,up to the 

This only fault drew after it many mifchiefson the reformed 
party; in this fight was flain Saint Blancart, (^ who came thither 
foon enough to land the fccond man J defervedly lamented by his 
party, being a young man, whofe pietyj courage, and prudence 
emuloiifly ftr.ove to renown him. 

Thisdifccntof the Englifh caufed great commotions at the 
Court, andjhad a fudden taking of the Fort fucceeded it, probably 
a great alteration of affairs haj followed : For the ficknefs, the 
King, about the fame time? was furprifed wich, the general difcon- 
tcnt of the Nobility at the Cardinals favour; the jealoufie of 
ihofe were but lately engaged with the Duke of Orleans ; the abode 
of the Count of Solffons in Piedmonty and the Duke of Savoy's 
known dcfires of revenge, for his defertion by the French, were 
fufficient grounds for more than ordinary jealoufies; and every 
one impatiently expeded to know the fate of the Fort, that they 
might declare their afFedions; which the King well knowing, 
omirted nothing for itsreliefifed the Town of Kochelle with hopes 
of an accommodation, provided tkey joyned not with the Englijh, 
cfTayed to work upon the Duke of Kohan wirh offers of large funis 
of money, and difperfed Meffengers 10 all the Reformed Towns,to , 
renderodiousthedifcentof the Englifh, znd to draw from them 
fuch Declarations as might fecure him againfl the fear of their 
conjunftion with them; and prevailed with Montauban and 
Caftres to fend Deputies to the other Corporations to difTwade 
them from it, and by this Argument, that KocheUe had not joyned 
with them. 

The Duke of Ro^^«*5 who for a long while before had been 
acquainted with the Artifices of the Court, and particularly knew 
iheir Parti fans in every Town, fore- feeing well that he could nos> 
hinder fuch Declarations, adviles them to infert in them the gene- 
ral claufcimder the benefit of theEdifts, and all other conceffi" 
onsjthat fo he might in convenient feafon difengage them agaifl, 
and with hopes of good news from R9c/;f^^,engages them not ta 
(^efert that Town, At length come letters thencej^ but fuch, whofe 

K 4 cm* 

^S^ The AfemoWes of the Dul^ of Kohznl Book IV. 

contents ^nfwered not his defires j ncvenhelefe he is obliged to 
make u[c of them ; but how to extrad any advantage out of 
them, was no fmall difficulty : If he fhould fend them to every 
Town, they might occafion divers refolutions to be taken up by 
them, and poflibly contrary the one to the otherjwhich muft needj 
caufe great divilions j if before he took up Arms, he (houid con- 
vcque an Aflembly, none of the Corporations would dare fend 
rheir Deputies, for fear of rendring themfclves criminal , which 
%vould yet be a greater evil; \^ rclolves therefore to conceal the let- 
ters he had received,&at the fame time to write fevcrally to all the 
principal Communalties of the Sevenes, f and unknown the one 
ro the other , nor mentioning any AfTembiy ) to fend their De- 
puties to him to N'ifmes, to v^hom he, had things ^o impart that 
much concerned them in particular j the fame defire fjnt he to 
yfi^i hoping that when he had drawn the Provinces, of the lower 
Imgiiedoc^ and the Scvcus to any good refolution? the reft of the 
Reformed party, or at leaft the greateft part of them, would eafily . 
follow their example. This invention fucceeded wellj for all 
the Deputies came at the time and place prefixed j but the Com- 
miffionof the Deputies of Vfe'^the'mg not large enough,and fear- 
ing fome treachery from that Town, he car'ried all the Deputies 
thither, and there formed anAflembly, not doubting, by his pre- 
fence, to confirm them to his party 5 this done, he recounts all the 
breaches cf faith during the firft War \ all the infradions of the 
Edict of peace, made b.fore Montpellier, ( which occafiomd the 
lofsof that Town) the continuation of thefiegeof Rochellc, the 
det'-nt:on cf their goods, and the injuft and "cruel execution of 
many innocent perfons, which was the caufe of the fecond ; which 
being compofedbv the intervention of the King of great Biitnh''% 
Amb.;fladours, they to obtain a condifcenfion of tKofe of the Re- 
Jigicn to the Kin gs propofals, with the Kings confent, and in the 
^amc of the King their Mafler, becarne Caution for the perfor- 
mance of theArticles, which being no better obferved than the 
former, the danger of Rochelle daily increafingby ftraitnlng their 
Iports the lofsof their Franchifcs, and liberty of Commerce, by 
iche repairing! inftead of the promifed racing of the Fort Utvis 5 
t>y the fortifying thelflands, and ftoring them with Ammunition a 
and other proviiions ; by the building, coUefting, and arming fo 
many fhips j by maintaining fo many neighbouring Garrifons; by 
fo many attempts upon the Town j by the fubverfion of the pri- 
Viledgescf N'//«^x,flnd ^/^/c^, depriving them of their liberty of 
cl<^<^.rgConfuIs5 by the manifold infringement of theEdi<ftsin 
^11 poinrs, and laces, and towards all perfons j that the confide- 
^ ^ation of ^U thcfe tLs gs ha4 obliged higi i© icmojif!iate ihei^ 

Book IV. The Memoir es of the Dfiks ofRohinl is? 

condition to the King'of great Britain, to implore him, actoriii^ 
to his Royal promifes, to afford us fomc redrefs of our grievances > 
which fo prevailed upon him, that after a fmitlefs tryal of all fair 
ineansj he had at length refolved openly to affift us, and to thac 
end had fcnt the Dakc of Buckingham with a gallant Arniy> whofc 
beginnings were very profperous : But that it was upon condition, 
that the lovfc^: Langi^edoc fhouldjoyn vvithhisforces,and not liftea 
to any but a General Treaty, and with the confcnt of the faid 
King) and of the whole body of the Reformed Party within this 
Kingdom j adding moreovei: that the Town of Kocbelle would noir 
conclude any thing without them : And, with thats fliewed them 
the Letters be had thence, telling them, that, confidering the 
importance of the affair, he had thought it neceffaryto alfemble 
the two Provinces of the Sevenes, and the lower hangnedoc, thac 
there might be a perfed: harmony in their refolutlons, which woul4 
never have been, had he fent thofe Letters to all the Towns fcve- 
rally 5 that, moreover} he could not in time of peace convoque an 
General Affembly, whofe only fummons would then have proved 
its prevention .* but that he was alTured that the relolutions of 
thofe two Provinces would charm all the reft to an imitation : 
wherefore he conjured them to a ferious confideration of the prc- 
mifes 5 alTuring themof hisflrift and perpetual adherence to them. 
Whereupon they decreed that the Duke cf Kohan ihould be 
4e{ired to refume his charge of General of the Reformed Party, 
10 makeleaviesof Souldiers and all other things he fhould con- 
ceive conducible to their goodj that he be defired to form,as foonas 
maybe a General AiTembly, to continue during the war, for the 
dirctflion and management of their affairs, that the oath of Union 
be renewed, with the addition of their Jund ion with the King of 
great Biitains forces, andalfo of all other Princes, Lords and 
Gendemen, that for the maintenance of this caufe have, or for 
the future Ihall raife arms, with a fubjundion of a promife not 
to accept of any particular peace, nor to confent or hearken to 
any treaty, but general, and with the approbation of the whole 
body of the Reformed Party , and of thofe Princes with whom 
they are? or fhall be united. 

This being done, they all depart rand Kohan gives out his 
Conamillions, and, that he might not difguft the People, raifes 
and arms hismen at hisownexpence, appointing a day to make 
fome attempts upon fcveral places: And while he prepares him- 
felf for the field, let us refleft upon the Ifle of R^', where we left 
xheDuke of Biici^inghtim, publifhing a d'eclaration to juftifie his 
Matters proceedings, and advancing to quarter hisarmy in the 
Jown^of Saim Uanh de R^;, whence he began w ftraighten the 


138 Th L^fem&lres of tkeDuJ^ of Kahin. Book IV. 

Citadel, confining of four Baftions not yet perfe<fled 3 and havin? 
no out-works to defend it : This place he rcfolved to reduce, by 
ftarving it^prefuming they had but fmall ftore of provifions in it; 
and that being Mafter of the Sea,he might eafily prevent the entry 
cf any recruits either of men or viftuals ; but being fomethin«y 
toocarekfs in blocking them up, he concents himfelf with flopping 
upthe Haven with boats and beams laid a crofs it, furrounding 
the Fore with his Army, and the Ifland with his Fleet, but 
difdainlng to take a fmall Fort in the Ifland, which held for 
the King, and was featcd on one of the befl: landing places in it : 
whence afterwards iflfued all the mifchiefs that befel him. 

Bcfidcs thofe errors, were committed ^Ifo thefe, vi\, that in- 
iiead of raiflng a work towards the Sea, the only quarter to be 
feared, a very frivolous and ufelefs one was raifcd on the Land, 
and three Batteries, but at a diftance, rather to affright, than 
Iiurt : A Well alfo was not well heeded, about five and c.venty, or 
thirty paces from the Counterfcarp, in which was only thrown a 
dead horfc, and fome flones to cover it; but the befieged know- 
ing, of what dangerous confequence that lofs would be to themj, 
disfumifhingthem of water in the Fort, quickly uncovered it, and 
fcaving well cleared it, fortified ^t with a work, which preferved ic 
them during the whole Siege : The Guards alfo were not well or- 
dered towards the Sea ; nor could the re-iterated advice of the 
Duke of Sofcbi^e ever induce them to divide their Ship»,anti place 
them before the Ports,where they would have much prejudiced the 
Romifh Party. Nay, it was yet worfe; for upon very light pre- 
tences, every da;' came one or other from the Forts to fpeak with 
the Duke of Buci^ingham, and difcover the condition of his Ar- 
iny J and from that time, by the means of the Baron De Sa'm Sii" 
tin and Montant, were fee on foot on divers Treaties, which were 
continued till fuch time, as the Duke of Bt^ci^iftgkim difpatch'd 
one of his Nephews to the Court with the faid SamSmin^ but 
for what reafon, was not known to the Duke of Sonbi's^e, 

Now for the better underflanding of this AflTair, it Is to be 
known that Re is an Iflandslying about a League from /vjcfef/.'?, 
fcven miles in length, and of great fertility, efpecially in wine , 
and fait : There are in itg three principal Bonrgs, or unvvallcd 
Towns, of which Sdnt Martm Be Re is one of the fairefl of 
Traftre, arid feated on the befl Rode of all thatCoafi: There is 
alfo a fair Port, which flretcheth it felf all along the Town? like a 
little Arm of the Sea ; and it was the mouth of that which the 
Duke of Butl^ingham blocked up^ to prevent the introduftion of 
provifiom into the Fort : Between Ri, and Brmage lies another 
lilanda called Ole^im, as big, and populons as th? otherj but much 

Book IV, The CMewolres of the Dtike of Rohan.^ 1 59 

jiiore fruitful ^ in which the King had *garrifon*d a Fore, b uil 
there by the Duke of Souhi':^ in the former War, but of fmall 
confideration ; had Buckingham fclzed upon this Ifland, where 
almofl all the Inhabitants are of the Religion, he had then totally 
defeatedtheFortof Re of all means of relief. 

The King about this time falling fick, was conftralned to fend 
the Duke of Orleans in his place, to command ,( and confirm the 
ArmyjwhichtheDukeof AngQUlefme had about RocheUe, where 
notwithltanding the Roehellers protcilations by which they dif- 
owned any confederacy with the Engl'ifh , yet was their ufage no-t 
thlngbetter>butthey began now to begirt them more clofely by 
Land, to retrench all manner of Provifions : but the main defign 
ofthe^Army chiefly refleded upon the Fort of R^, to recruit that 
with men, and viduals, in which they fparcd no expence, neither 
of men, nor money ^ fo that at feveral times they got in fuffici- 
cnt numbers to keep it till its entire deliverance. 

The RochcUcrSi after they ha4 often^ but in vain, renewed 
their proteflations of fidelity and obedience, feeing that all their 
fubmifTions, neither abated their fufferings, nor the malice of thofe 
who thirfted for their ruine, but only fomented divifions amor^g 
thofe of the Religion, and furniihed the ill-affedcd with fpeciou^ 
pretences to exclaim againft the others; at length remonftrate how 
that they had with-drawn themfclves from the Crown of England, 
to fubjeft themfelves to that of Trance, the great priviledges they 
had acquirM by it, their good fervices everfince, their immove- 
able fidelity, in which they had conftantly perfevered, notwith- 
ftanilng the deftruftion of their Trade, the confuming of their 
Haivefts, the devaftationof their Countrey,the cruelties exercifed 
upon their Citizens j in fhort,all thofe miferies which a licentious- 
Army in many years can inflid upon their greatefl enemies ; and 
after this fad repetition of their fufferingsj openly declare for the 

As for the Duke of Rohan, he alfo publifhes a Declaration* 

containing the infradionsof the two former peaces, the reafons 

he had to refent them, and makes his Addrefles to the King of 

great Byiui?i , who was Caution for the- latter j protefts that he 

has no other aimc, than at the obfervation of the Ed'iiis, whicli 

once granted, he freely offers to expofe himfelf to a voluntary 

exile from the Kingdom, that fo there might be no ground left foe 

future pretences and jealoufies. On the other fide, the King alfo 

ifllies forth new Declarations, in which he promifes an obfervation 

of the Edifts to thofe that ihall pcriift in their obedience, a pardon 

to thofe that had flown from it, if within a ccrtam time they rc- 

lurncd to ir^, denouncing heavy fccurities againft ^hc pcrfons, and 


/40 T^^e Memolrisofthe Bnhe of Rohan. Book IV.' 

eftatcs of fuch as fhall adhere to the Reformed Party 5 the Duke of 
Soiib'tT^ was proclaimed Tray tour 5 and the Parliament of Thon- 
iof^ey though it has no jurifdid ion over the Peers of France, con- 
demned the Duke of Rohm to be torn in pieces with foure horf s , 
proclaimed him ignoble, and fct a price of fifty thoufand Crowns 
upon his head, ennobling thofe that (houldafrafTinate him, which 
encouraged -three or four unhappy Villains to attempt it ; but they 
came fliort of any other recompcnce than a Hakcr, or a Wheel ; 
it being not within the compafs of any humane power, without rn 
cfpecial permiflion of the Divinci either to prolongior fhorten the 
life of any man. 

Thefe light skirmlfhes of the pen thus difpatched, come we 
now to the more fatal ones of the Sword ; of all the defigns con- 
trived, and promifed to the Duke of Rohan to be put in execution 
upon divers places, in feveral Provinces, none took effeAjbut that 
of CorcomCy the management of which, he had committed to the 
Lieutenant of his Guards, together with one named De VIt^^ 
{ who in a fhort time after, gave it back to the enemy again ) The 
chiefeft obftacle of it was the peoples refufai to allow of any fuch 
attempts, before an open Declaration of the War : So that at the 
beginning of thisi there was not any Paltry Village, or Fcrt, that 
Hood not upon his Guard ; a thing not heard of in the former Ci- 
vil Wars, when men were more zealous for their Religion, more 
faithful, fecret, and confident of their Commanders, to whom 
they gave fo great refpe(ft, that their bare Tickets only were fuffi- 
cicnt to engage them in a War, an J to attempt the moft confidera- 
ble places of ^ the Kingd om j whereas now the Irreligion and Dif- 
ioyaltyof thofe of the Religion, is more difficultly oppofed, than 
the malice of their enemies. 

About this time, Mon.tagii2 fent him an Exprefs, importing , 
that the intentions of a Difcen: to be made in 'Guymne, were al- 
tered, and that for this Summer the Duke of Buckingham would 
make no invafion but about the Coaft of Rochelle ; fo that the 
King of great Britain difcharged him of his protiiife to march 
to Montmcbm, leaving him at liberty, to make choice of what 
place he pleafed for this Summers adioni but that the Duke of 
Savoy , with whom he was, wis of opinion, that he might make 
amoreadvancigiousprogrcfs along the Khme, than in any other 
quarters and promifed to give the enemy a good diverfion in his : 
But all thefe dcfigns were projeded with reference to the taking of 
the Fort of K^','^of which there was not the leafl umbrage of a 
doubt. The Duke of Rohm took this Exprefa into confideration, 
and would willingly have made his firft Exploits in thofe quarters, 
had he not been necefTicated to reclaim the Towns of Komgue , 


Book IV. The Memoires of the ^ake o/Rohan.^ 1 4?, 

and the higher Langiiedec^ who in hisabfencehadbcen inveigled 
into refolutions contrary to his? and their determinations alfo fenc 
CO the King j fo that nothing but his prefence was capable to make 
them take Arms i which fixed him in his former purpofes, for 
which he fent Montague hisReafons, afliiringhimhoweverjthar, 
if the Duke of Savoy would inftantly take the Field, he would 
quit all other dcfigns to joyn Forces with him j but that otherwifc 
it would be expedient to remit that Affair till another time : And 
hy leaving the Baron JD' Jubals, ■ toxommand the lower Langiie^ 
doCi and a Council in the Sevenes, to govern their Affairs there ; 
he marched with his whole Force, compofed of four thoufand five 
hundred Foor, and two hundred Horfe, diredly towards Mitlaudi 
and in his March , took Vont D' Arre ^ a private Gentlemans 
houfes and AY':ga6 a Church that was fortifiedj and very much 
incommoded the Bayliwick of Vtgan ; whiles he ftayed at Saint 
^ohn De Brcuil/, Alterac, and Guerin , two of his Partifa/ts in came to meet^ and diflwade him from that attempt, al- 
ledging the difficulties attending it, and that as foon as Montan-' 
hart and Caflrcs had declared, they would do the like. 

The Duke told them they had done very ill to come out o£ 
the Town, which they had left to the difpofal of thofe that were 
difafFedcd to them ; that it would be the rulne of his defigns, and 
a Prcfident for all the Towns of Roiiergue to^fhut their Gates a- 
ga^nfl him , that he could not b:gin with Montaubafty and Cajires^ 
for that Millau-d laydireftly in his way to them; and that he was 
refolved with all his Troops to get in, or ravage their whole Coun- 
trey ', defiring them to go before, and give them notice of it : 
But they found how their abfcnce had encouraged the adverfe par- 
ty, who having fhut the Gates of the Town, and thofe of the 
Bridge over the River Tarn , where they muil of neceffity pafs> 
they could not obtain a re-admittance^ but were enforced to return 
to the Duke with the newess which yet flopped him not, who well 
faw the neceffity of profecuting this defign ; hoping that the fighc 
of hicn would animate the people to an infurreftion; who failed 
not his expeftation : For having with much difficulty and peril, 
by reafon of the depthi and largenefs of the River > pafTed over 
fomeof his Guards, who laying at the Gates of the Bridge on 
both fides, they at length fell downs and gave him free pafTagc 
to the Suburbs, where taking ferae Horfe, and his Trumpets, and 
in that Equipagq marching round the Townjhe fo excited the peo-» 
pkj that under the favour of the night:, without any oppofition , 
they meet 'all with their Armes, and forcing the Confuls to open 
{heGateSiwentthemfclvesto conduct him into the Town. 

This fucccfs made him way into alhheTcwosgf Ro'ilergue^ 


*:;4?<- ♦ 

^t^i TheLMemoires of the Dffke of Kohm. Book IV, 

and of the Mountain of Albigeols, except Brajfac, and Saint Fe- 
iix Tower, where he left fome Regiments with f^i^cquereffe, who 
!iad already blocked up this Tower, and having fprung a Mine , 
took it upon compofition ; whereupon BraJfaC) at the end of four 
and twenty houres yielded alfo : But Saint Germiery v/ho carried 
on his bufinefs at Casircs, behaved himfelf fo ill, that he fuffered 
himfclf, with all his Confidents to be turned out of the Town? 
This Prefidcnt made Rcalmant, Britejle, and the three Towns of 
taiiragicais ^ viz. Viiylaiircns y Revels and Sore-:!:e refufe aifo to 
declare 5 fo that he was fain to come with his Cavalry to Koque- 
CourbCy a little Town, about one League diftant from Casires , 
and two from Kealmortt 3 whence he made feveral Eflayes to re- 
<luce thofe two rcfraftory places ; at Caftres he prevailed nothin* 
at all ; at Kealmont his perfwafions ,met a more civil reception, 
and their Gates, that refuCed the Duke of Mommoyeiicyy admitted 
him J there he placed Mangis Governour, who had been raofi: 
a&ive in doing him this fervice, and very faithful to him in the 
precedent Wars. 

The reduction of this place was fome enlargement to him 5 
thither he fummoned the Colloque of Albigco is, ■^h'lch. he wroughc 
to refolutions conformable to his own 5 but before he could advance 
any farther , VuyUiirenSi or Kcvel mull: of neceffity be fecuredj 
otherwife it were inapofTible he fliould adventure to go either t© 
MontauhaAiOr into Foix^, being to march twelve or fifteen Leagues 
in an enemies Countrey, and that over greatPlains too, having 
the Duke of Montmorency attending on-him, who had drawn to- 
gether the whole ftrength of the Country to fight him, and was al- 
wayes double or treble ftronger in Horie than he 5 it was once in 
his thoughts to crofs the Tam , but the late abundance of rain had 
made it unfordablej fo that having no way but that of Lauras 
^uaisy and an Army before him, he could not put himfelf upon 
the hazard of that paffage without fome place of retreat. Hebe- 
gins therefore with Vuylaurcm, as a place whofe example would 
invite all the reft 5 Terrieux-, and Mau-rls, two, whofe good fer- 
vices in the former Wars, made him repolc a great confidence in , 
promifed, that if he would give them five hundred pifiols to di- 
flribute in the Town, they would procure his admittance j bur, ia- 
ftead of performing what they had engaged themfelVes to do,they 
betray the whole defign to the Duke of Montmorency, to the end 
he might furprizc CajjagMy who with his own, and the Baron d* 
Alet\ his company, and fifty of the Duke of Rohan's Guards, 
were commanded to execute it 3 to whom, when they came to the 
appointed Rendez- vous, the Traytors fent word, that it was not in 
their power to z^c^ what they had undertaken j the others feeing 


Book IV. The Memoires of the 'Dnhe of ^oh^Xi] I45 

ihcrafelves far from any retreat, Caujfe Caucallicr, who had very 
good acquaintance , and Gaillard, a brother , in Revels who 
Y/khDes-IJlcs-Maifo'd^ v/crQCAny'm^on an infallible dclign there, 
and which wanted only two dayes to be put in exetuticn, fearing 
ihe inconveniencics threatned by the great length of iheir retreat, 
made a defperate propofal to anticipate the time, and attempt ic 
prefently? which they all affented to, andfucceeded fo well in, 
that the people of K£vcl feeing Kohans Livery, imagining he 
himfelf was there, and Ga'iUcird'i brother, with fome other of 
the Inhabitants, having feized upon a Tower, favoured their jE/^ 
calade^ in which they met with no other oppofition than feme 
ftones thrown at them ; Thus they became Maftersof theT'own, 
the news of which made the Duke of Kohan refolve, inftantly, 
and without any further delay to advance. 

In order to which he caufed fourty thoufand loaves to be made, 
and \czvingRoqiie-Cowbe came with part of his forces, and lay at 
/irif.itj a houfenot above halfe a League from Cafires^ the next: 
day he marched to 'Sarrc\^ where he appointed his general Ren- 
dez-vous, and quarters that night at S^^ei, where he had intelli- 
gence that the Duke of Montmorency with all hii troops lay be- 
tween him and Ktvel , whereuponjto difencumbcr himfelf of all 
the Carts he had to carry it, he diliributed all th«: bread among 
his fouldiers ; and the next day having marchied about a League, 
he difcovercd the Duke of Montmorency, with three or four hun- 
dred horfe only : whereupon he rallies his mcnj and in good or- 
der marches in fight of him> keeping on his way to Revel , with- 
out any rencontre at all,and quartered about aLeague from Revel , 
where he arrived day early. The Duke of Montmorency 
takes up his quarters at Saint Felix , and other adjacent places, 
vvhence he might get the advantage of the way, wnether life took 
that o£ Montanban, or oiVoix. 

The Duke of Rohan, in the mcane time, intercepts a Letter 
written by the Confuls of Ma^eres, and addreffed to the Prefidenc 
de Sue, importing the inclinations of that Town to joynewith 
the Reformed party, but that the Duke*s prefence was very re- 
quifite to promote the publique Declaration of their intentions ; 
which he cook into his ferious confidcration, and rcfle<5i:irg upon 
this, that he had yet three dayes march before his Army could 
reach Mcntauban , no retreat upon the way, that his journey thi- 
ther was not neccffary, the Englifh being engaged in other parts, 
a«d having good aflurance of the entire affedions cf that Town, 
he thought fit to embrace this offered opportunity of reducing the 
whole Countrey of Foix to his partyj This made him refolve 
upon that courlCi andj that he might get the fiart of the enemy, 


144 TheCMemoiresoftheBuksofKohm, Book IV* 

having caufei his Souldiers to take bread for two da yes, and quit 
part of their baggages he parts from Kezel at midnight} but by 
reafon of the badnelle of the weather that night, and the incom- 
modious advenews of the Village, where his foot lay, it was day 
before his Reare could get out of it j fo that paffing by Men-tcauj^ 
fety vvhere a troop of horfe of the enemies were quartered , no- 
lice of their march to.vards Voix being given, it occafioned a 
flight skirmilh, which yet retarded not the armies march : The 
fame troop followed his Reare at a diftance, till they came neare 
to a litcle Town called Soi^i/Ze, two Leagues trom Revel , where 
rfic Duke of MoJttmorericy was rang'ng his troops in Battalia , as 
X conceiving it the moft proper place to oppofe the Duke of Rohan's 
pafTage, and fight him, by reafon of a fair plain beneath it, very 
advantageous for his Cavalry, in which he was much fuperiour, 
and of a little, but very dangerous brooks all whofe bridges he 
had broken dovvn> fo that he could not paCfe but in fight of him« 
The Duke whofe Army confiftcd of four thoufand foot,& fifteen 
hundred good horfe, made four Battalions of his Infantry, which 
he ranged in formes of Lozenges, leaving great intervals between 
them for his Cavalry who faced the enemies army, and could, as 
they marched, be eafily ordered to charge them either in Front, 
Flanck, or Reare 5 andhis baggage placed he in the niiddeft of 
the four Battalions,re folving in that order either to pafre,or fight 
hinti But enquiring of his guides, if there were no other paffagc 
over the brook bat that which the enemy pofTeffed, they informed 
him, that upon the left hand of him there was a Ford near a little 
Caftle, called de Je^t?z, where the brook being narrow, there 
might eafily be a bridge made for the paflage of the foot : Thither 
then marched he diredly, leaving the Duke of Mommorencfs Ar* 
my on his right hand, and when he had gotten beyond him, very 
opportunely fends to take the Caftle, which two hundred fouldiers 
of CafielnaudiZyy were coming to pofTelVejand would mightily have 
incommoded his paflage^ This done he difencumbers himfelf of 
hisbaggage? which he fent before over the brook to the Caftle, 
and having gained a little hill? between the enemy and the brook> 
halts there, to obferve the countenance of the Duke of Mo^itmo" 
Ycncy, and confidering what he were beft to do ; Once he thought 
not to quit the advantage of that place, fearing to march over the 
brook by day, in view of an army that fought all advantages to 
encounter him , and mght fufFer as many as they pleafed of his 
men to get over, and then charge the reft : On the other fide , 
confidering, that if he flayed there without provifions, in an 
enemies Countrey, an army attending him, and having five long 
Leagues to Mn'^^eresj he feared it would be coo great a burthen for 


Book IV. The CMemolres of the IDuks of Rohan. 14 f 

his fouldicrs to fupporc, fo char, b}' the advice of all his Officers> 
he relolved coexpofe himfelf rather to the hazard of a batteljthan 
the miferies of royle and tamine; and when the bridge was made* 
marched towards it, in the aforefaid ecjuipagc. Ai2\on who had 
the command of a troop of horfcj and was ncarefl the Duke ot 
Mon-inmency's Army? bein^ placed upon a hillock, that gave him 
ihe profped of the whole Countrey tvery wayj let the Army 
advance too far before him, before he began to draw off; fo that 
he was charged by two hundred Horfe? who purfued him home 
10 his Foot m great dlforder, and had like to have Reuted them 
too J but the Duke of '^ona.n*i, Guards, who were very opportune- 
lyonfoot, and ready to relieve hinij gave them a Volley, and ac 
the fame inftant a iharp charge, and repujfe j this beginning 
much animated MumiKortncy's Army, part of his Cavalry, with 
his Foot alfo, advancing with great fhouts to the charge; but 
receiving a fccond repulfo and two of t!ie Duke of Kohanh Kat- 
taillons coming up, with their Pikes charged diredly to them ^ 
the Foot ftayed not to exped them j but flying, cafl away their 
Arms, and quitted the Field ; they were clofcly purfued up to a 
Work) which hindred our difcovery of what was on the otheK 
fide of it, and faved the enemy fiom an entiie defeat ; For the 
Duke of Rtf/u/2 would not fufferhis m n to make any confufci 
purfuit, bccaufe the Duke of Mcntmorency, who had not yec 
come up to the charge, was beyond that Work, with above three 
hundred Ho rfe in Batta'la ; but commanded X-r^/^^^ only to ad- 
vance, to obferve their pofture. 

The Duke of Montmorency, when he had rallied his Men , 
drew them off to SovUle'y and there Ranged them again in Bat- 
talia, but \vithout any ferablance of renewing the Fight : The 
Duke of Kohan, for his part, kept the Field more than a long 
houre, caufed his dead to be buried, and thanks to be given to 
God; and then, without any interruption) palled the Brook? and 
kept on his way ; but ceuld not reach Mcv^res till the next day 
at Noon, afrer he had been forty houres on horfe-back : In this 
Fight he loft Canffe-CaHCallier y one of his Life-guard, one of 
hisPages> two Lieutenants of Foot, five or fixSouldicrs, and 
had thirty or forty wounded. Of the Duke of Modtnio^cncy's 
partyj were I ft many more? yet was it no bloody Incounter; and 
■in is to be believed that this encra^ement of his was rather occafio- 
nalj than before d.^t:rmincd ; for .■ feems he had more reafon to 
charge the Duke of Ko^.'t m his^ pairt^e over the Brock«> than 
in any other part : Pu: 'tis eafier to correft the adions of others, 
when a man is out of damzc of thcblowes, than in theaftioa 
it Ulii which requires a prorrnt and fudden cxccucionj and af- 

L fords 

I4<^ '^he Memoires af theDnke of Rohan, Book 1 V. 

fords not leafure to perpend? aed weigh all events. The Duke of 
Montmorency had, at this Rencontre, but three thoufandFoot, 
but he had fixj or feven hundred Horfe of his own^ belides all 
the Gentry of quality of LangnedoCj KoilcYgm y l'o:x, and fome 
from beyond the Garcme, 

When the Duke of Kohan. came to Mar^crcs^ all his men op- 
prefled with hunger, laflitudcjand wantof f[eep,for refrernment, 
he found the gates fhut againft him? and the Magiftrates utterly 
averfe to receive him; but the common people at length took 
hearts and in fpight of the Confulsjand moft potent Inhabitants, 
let him in; where, after he had taken the befl order he could 
for quartering of his Korfe, he made provifionfor his Foot alfo. 
When the Duke of MomrKQrcncy heard of the indifpofition 
of the people of ^o'lx to joyne with the Duke of Rcban^s 
Forces ; he came and took up his quarters at Saint Gal- 
lelle upon the River Ccrs^ which runs to M-f^rrw^a good league 
diftant from Saverdim, whence he fcnt to inform them^ that he 
was come thither with his Army for their aff.ftance, that they 
fhould be of good courage, and not fuff jr themfclves to be caught 
by the allurements of the Duke of Kohan- '^ who for eight dayes 
together, was opprefied with the exrremity of keeping ail his Ar- 
my upon his own expence,' and yet could he hardly furnifli his 
iFoot with one loaf a day each one ; having no other placf in f oiA? 
be-fides Ma-^eres, and the River R'uge fwollen to a height, that 
making it unfordable, cut eflf all communication with the upper 
Foix : So? that had thefe inconvenlencies lalled but a few dayes 
longer, he had been in danger of periihing by Famine if he 
flayed J or by the Sword, if he returned; having no Ammuni- 
tion to defend himfelf withall : All thefe neceflities prefiing him, 
he founded fo manyFordesjtill at length having found one between 
Saverdim, ahd Famic':^, which the'Duke of Montmorency could 
not fo fuddenly reach, he refolves in this defperate condition, to 
make an attempt on Saverdmy where he knew the people were 
ivell-afFeded to him, and the lower Town being eafie to be for- 
ced , he hoped that when he had taken thaty fear would 
induce the other to an accommodation with him ; which projcft; 
had a wiflied fuccefs ; To this end, he marches by liightfrom 
M^'xeres with?, part of his Troops, and at break of day paf- 
fes the Ford ; but with great difficulty for the Foot? by reafcn 
of the fwiftnefs, and extream coldnefs of the River, which then 
alfo was fwcllcd fo high, that fome of his Souldiers, and many 
of his Arms were lofl in it ; fo that at laft the Horfe were necefli- 
tated to tranfport the remaining Foot behind them ; which doae^ 
fee marches ftraic to Sdverdim j where firft^ by a Trumpet he* 


Book IV. The tjiiemoires of theDuke r^Bshiru 147 

fummoned the Inhabitants to open their Gates; and upon their 
refufai advances, and, after fome Volleys of fmall fhot, which 
neither flew, nor hurt any one, with the afliftance of fomc honeft 
perfoHsof the Town? Ladders were mounted, and the place cn- 
tr^d: The raking of the lover Town, much confounded the ill- 
atfcded J fome flie , others hide themfelves, at length all cry ouc 
for mercy ; and the higher Town alfo was furrendred on the nth. 
of Ntrjcmb,i6z7. . . 

The fame day Faiicon^ by the Duke uf Rohrd^s order> with 
two hundred Men? fecured Montmaiir-, a fmall Town? and Caftle 
lying between Revcly and M.i'7:ercsi but of great confequence 
for the uniting Laiiragu-als, and Foix : This was efFeded by the 
intelligence of LaBarte^ whom the Duke of Montmoi ertcy had 
highly difgufted. 

The Duke vigorou'fly profecutes thefe fortunate fuccefTesjan^ 
upon hopes cf fame Correfpondents in F^wit^,on the 22th. of 
the fame Month he fhewes h mfelf with his Horfe before it, buc 
had no other encertainment than what they fent him from their 
MLifquetS3 whereupon he determined, the night folio ving, to 
clap a Pctarde to the Wall, to which he was induced by fome of 
the Inhabitants, that had given him a meeting near the Town; 
inftead then ot returning to Saverdii-fi^ whither he was going j 
he retires to a Covert, half a league from T-vmc-^^^, forbidding 
his men to make any fires; thither he commands Goicd'm and 
M.ilmoiraCj with their Regiments, whom he had before ordered 
to be in a readinefs ; but thofe that fliould have come out of the 
Town to conduct him to the place, and inform him of the true 
ftateofir, came not to the Rcnde:t-V0us ; neveithelefs Brml ^ 
■;one of the Town? Author of thisenccrprifcj and who knew, well 
enough where the Pctarde was to be fixed , being with him, he 
proceeded in the deiigned attempt, which was executed after this 
■ manner. Caffagne had the command and conduft of th e VUffrds^ 
wh'.ch were carried by Gentlemen of his own, and fome Officers 
of his Horfej who were feconded by Leques with thirty armed, 
Men, and fifty choice Pikes, and Mufquetiers; after whom 
marched Gondin, and, JVi^/woir4c, then the Duke of Ko^<2» him*, 
felf in perfori : In this Equipage they come up to the Wall,where* 
notwithftanding the AUarme, and Volleys of fhot, the firft Pe- 
tarde was fixed, but the Breach being not large enough? a fecond, 
was clapped on, which extended it to a fufficienc widenefs for an 
armed man to pafs , whither the Inhabitants flocking to defend 
the Breach, BiiTler the Engineer, took a fmall Granade , and, 
ihrcw it in through the Hole among, them, where it broke, and 
fpoikd the Thigh ef on« of the Defendaocs; and diflipated the. 

148 The Memolres of the Duhs of Rohan, Book IV. 

reft j whicH'^ave the AiTailants opporrunky to enter the Breach ; 
the firft that entred, was La, Tuir Ceuhoux }, the fecond, was 
the Baron of J^iUcm^dcy and after them, the whole Party. The 
caking of the Town in this manner, fpread fo unlverfal a terrour 
over FoiXy that fome Forts, wellilored with all ncceflaries, gave 
therafclves up for fear. After this the Duke was received inro the 
Mas d' A-^jl, asid CaiUt:, by v^hich means he reduced ail thofe, 
that were of the Religion in the County of ft* A', lo his party j 
and probably had don.: much more, had the ^%'-flj encerprizes 
in the Ifle of Re profpered j whom it will be now expedient to 
look after. 

The negligence of the E-ngliJhy gave oppoitunity to thirteen 
Barks, laden with pro vifions, toccmeup to the Citadel, where 
they arrived the fixth of September, about the Morning, and got 
ctf again the ninth following, carrying with them all the wound- 
ed and unufeful perfons : The eafie paffage of thefe? encouraged 
others t© the like adventure •, but, the Guards bung re-inforced 
by the KochellerSy fome of them were taken, and ieverely dealt 
vvithall 5 and on the laft of SiptcmbeY^ of hfteen or fixteen Baiks 
which came up , feven were taken j and the reft put to ' 
fl-ght. . 

On the twelfth oi September cameficm £;?gL-?7^ a Renforc 
of fifteen or fixteen hundred Souldiers, w ith a fupply of all other 
receifaries j whereupon the Duke refolvd to attempt the Lttlc 
Fort Vc la P/ cc,and turned fome of his Canon that way 5 but this 
deiign wasdafhed upon a fudden, no man knows why. 

On the hxth of O^ioboy the beliegcd, prefled by ftrong ne- 
ceflities, fent out Maniand with ofters to capiculare,:n cafe they 
were not relieved With v.duals the nfxt day : This obiiged us to 
double our Guards, and, as the winde fate, itwaseaiicto con^ 
jcdure that the lelief could not come but from Olormty whereupon 
fome ftiips were couunnaded out to meet them, and prevent rheir 
paifage; but, inftead of thaujthe Captain of the G::ard took 
anotner courfe? and went wtih his flrips to the Foffc de i Oye y 
while three and thirty Barks, fcizing the opportun*ty:pafl':^d\«ith- 
cue interruptions and nine and twenty of ihem cau'.e up under the 
Citadel ; where yet it is to be nored) that tliey could not come 
near the Land, but upon a Flood, which comes but evety 
fifteen daycs, by reafon whereof ihe Engitjb might yet with 
much facility, have deftroyed the relief; whxch though arrived, 
yet could not be unladen ; fo that Propo{\r' ens were made tc the 
Duke? aflaulting theni on bo:^ fides by LanJ.\»K> fire the Barks 
with what was in ihem: which might have been done without any 
prejudice received from the C^ftlcjby reafon of the height of the 


Book IV. The CMemoires of the Btike of ^oh^r\. jAp 

Banks capable to (helrer the Aflfailants : He Teemed co approve 
of thismocion, but rook nocourfeco put it in aft j contenting 
himfelf only with trifling away the time in vain attempts to fire 
them by Sea. 

When the relief was gotten in, Biicl^mgham calls a Council, 
who rcfolve to draw cfF^ fo that on the twelfth of 05fober , they 
bee;an to re-imbarquc their Armes, and other Am munitions th. y 
had upon the Land : After this he fenc for a Gentleman beion- 
gingtothe Duke of Soy/;;;?;; , to whom he declared that tlie 
Council of War , • how well the place was flored with 
all neceiTaries > the year fo far fpenc , his Army much dimni« 
Hied) and all his Piovifions confumed, had conceived it neccf- 
faryto draw off; The Gentleman endeavoured to difT.vadehim 
from that refulution , fhewing him diat the Fleet which the Earl 
of Hollaiid was conducing to them , would fufficiencly repairs 
all thofe neceffities j that the relief the Bcfieged had received 
could not laft long 5 and that If v.gilant guards were kept? th?y 
would be foon reduced to their former extremities ; that his re- 
treat now he had engaged them , would be the lofs and ruine 
of the Kc?c^r//t/5-5 who would caft all their difpleafure and odi- 
UM upon the Duke of Soub^^c , as the Authour of their deftrudi- 
on, and that it would be an irreparable dif-reputation to the King 
hisMari'^rs Armsjto have attempted fuch an enterprife with fo lit- 
tle hono and profit. 

To al! which Arguments he gave no other anfwer , than that 
his Captains would f^ay no longer; but yet, if the Earl o{ Hol- 
land came time enough , with his Fleet, he would endeavour to 
alter their minds ; i^>y which the Gentleman concluding that the 
Duke was fised Inhisrefolutions tobe gone , gave fbeedy notice 
of it to theD-'ke of Sdk^bi'^? , whoever fin:e the middle of Sep- 
tember hadlainfickat Rochellc of a r^rri.-7«* Ague joyned with a 
great vomiting, defiringhim, ifpoflible, to poft thuhers which 
he did, andat his arrival in the Ifle of ^a , ufes all his Art to 
perfwade the Duke of B:!cl^ingh:im and his Oificers into 
a better humour , of which they gave him fomefmall hopes; 
but he , ncverthclcfs, feeing them ftill carrying their things 
Aboard, aiTured himfelf they would not budge from their former 

The King, in the mean time, being recovered of his ficknefs, 
comes in perfon before RochcUe-, where his prefcnce raiftdboth 
the number and fpirits of his Army , and upon intelligence how 
thcDak&o^ Buc^inghxm's was leffened, refolves to make a A\C- 
fent into the Iflc of Re under the proteftion of the little Fort de 
Ia ?ri€ 3 which had ilill held out. Qn the other fide the E^igl'f^J 

L 3 pi.:n 

2p The iyiiemolres6ftheT>Hke of^oh^vi, Bookly, 

men's defe to return) having made them very carelefs of their 
guards, they fufFered fcven oreight pinnacss to fteal up towards 
theForf, and on the fixteench of Ocieher they land four hun- 
dred men j tlie twenty feventh there came up ten more 5 and on 
?he thirtieth five and twenty ; whereupon the Dnke of Bud^iag^ 
ham rallies his Men j and, quitting the gteateft part of the Tren- 
ches, marches by night, with what horfe and foot he had, to 
prevent a dlfcenc already made , comaiandingout a forlorne of 
French, which not being feconded, were enforced to retire. The 
Meichantsof R-ichcUe in the mean time, feeing what preparati- 
ons were made for his return? inftantiy follicitt the Duke to give 
them fifty or fixtytunnesof Corn he had upon the Shore? whjch 
he aff.nced not to,till they had no leafure to carry it off, fo that 
they fell to the enemies fhare : But before hisdeparturcjto flicw 
that he had left nothing unattempted, he lefoived to n^ake one 
cflaymore, which refolucion he grounded upon the report of 
fome fugitives f I om the Fort, who averred that there were but 
eight hundred fouldiersinit , and thofe toofor the greattfl part 
fick i that the Courtain towards the Sea had neither- graffe nor 
Rampart > fo that if he mounted his Ladders on that fide, it might 
be eafily forced. „ Without any further information, or batter-. 
irgthcParapctts,hererolves togive a general ailault? propofcs 
it to the French Officers) defiring them to d.fpofe the Fngl'ijh 
Colonels to it ? and in cafe they fliould ftick at it^ he would then 
make ufc of his power to command them. The attempt thus re- 
folved on, he prepares his men for the florm 5 c?fl'igning the Fn- 
glijh and Ir:Jh their pofl on the land fide , and the French mix- 
td with Engl Jh towards the Sea : Munuel condVided the ten 
firfl Ladders , but could mount but two , though hjs party beha- 
ved thcmfelves with much gallantry and refoluticn 5 ( but to at- 
tempt to force by Ffcalade above fiFtv en hundred Me\i in a Fort 
with four B^f^io^j- , well fur niOied with Artillery, and all other 
neceffaries, was a way eternally to difcourage his Souldiers , ra- 
ther than to lead them on to the purchafe of any honour j but leti- 
ving many dead;) and carrying off more woundedjthey were forced 
to retire, ; 

Thisrepulfe, together with the intelligence of the hourly 
cncrcafe of the forces in the Fort de la Free , haflned the 
Duke of Bvc^mgham^s railing the Siege, and his retreat to the 
hay de /' Oye^ to fhip his men with more leafure and fecurity i 
On the eiiiht of Novmkr early in the morning the Drums beaC 
for their departure at noon , and fcarcely was the Rear Guaid, 
pot out of chc Town ,' but the King's Army appeared much flron-^ 
ger in Horfe? and equal to the others in Foot 5 having this fur- 
i. ■ ' thcr 

Bo oTc I V. The LMemolres &ftheBtike of Rohan ^ i ^ i 

ther advantage , ro purfue a retreating Army , and feizc all oc- 
cafions which either the incommodity of the paffes, or the ufu- 
al diforders that attend fuch rerteats might favour them with- At 
thepafs cie la. Cobarde , they made as though they would have 
charged them, but obferving the good order of che En-gllflj , and 
the advantage they had of the ground 5 after a long halt , both 
Armies marched off, the Efiglijh keeping the plains and che 
King's Forces th^ S;a coaft : Beyond this pafs was a hollow way, 
which .creflii-ig ahe Marfli, extended it fclf as far as the Bridge 
de C Oye : At the entring of this the Squadrons began to be 
fomewhat preffed > andtoftand upon their djfeace ; but the 
Vans and then the Body being got into it, the Rear -guard, 
charged by the Marfhal Schombcrg , was eafily routed; in 
which defeat thQ EfigfJjh loft fcvcn or eight hundred men, but 
the night approaching y favoured their imbarquing of the 
reft. ■ 

In this adion the. Duke of Bacl^mgh.'im committed two great 
crrours; oncwasj The comnittinghis retreat to the charge of 
fo-U-fcoie Horfc, which being forced in upon the Rear of their • 
own Troops 3 broke? and confounded them ; the other wa^. His 
©miflion to iiife a Fort » or fomc other defenceable work at the 
ent'.y of that hollow wavj where he had ftill defigned to make his 
retreat in cafe of neceflity) which would abfoUitcly have fecu- 
rcd it. 

At hisdeparturejhe affures the ^cheilcrs of his fpcedy return 
to their deliverance 5 with a more numerous and better fortified 
Fleet, alledging the inconvenience of the feafon, and defed of 
provifioHS, as the only caufes that obliged him to draw off; and 
pi omifing them a quick aad abundant fupply of all neceflaries 
foralongdefence ; and further defires fome of their Merchants 
to follow him mto EitglMd , that they might teftifie the inte- 
grity of hisaffcdion and diligence, and that they might them- 
felves carry back the effeftsof his promifes. Neverthelefswhen 
he drew near the Coaft of England^ himfelf took a fly -boat, 
fending the 7{oche!lc Merchants to exped him at Briflol , defiring 
the Duke of Soubi':^ to do the fame at Portfmoi^th , where he 
would be as foon as he ; and then fteers his courfe towards Ply- 
mouth , where the Earl o^ Holland's Fleet rode. When he came 
thither, he gave order that the (hips that there lay ready 5 and 
laden with Coin (ox tht RochcUers , ftiould be difcharged , and 
the Pfovifions fold , upon pretence that th?y would be fpoyled j 
which done he gets before to pre poiTefs the fpirit of the King of 
great Brita'm 5 rejedmgthe blame of theerrours committed in 
ehe expedition on chefQ were no way culpable j So that when 

La the 

I «j2 The tMcmoWesofthe P^i^<?^/ Rohan Book IV. 

ticMerchants came to exhiblce their compla'nrs agtinft him, 
they were inform.ed, it was the next way to make their conciiciou 
worfe : And when they importunid him for a quick difpatch of 
the provifions for \\^x Koch Hers , the Duke of Bucl^ingham uftd 
no other cxcufe to anfwer their follicltations , than that they were 
fold J and chat whxh more amazed them, was his carrying a- 
way three hundred Tun of Corn, vhich he might have left 
ihem, till they could have been better ftoi ed. But nocwiihflan- 
ding all tMs:> the Merchansaddreiled themfelvcs to the King of 
E?igla>id himfelf; to whom they reprcfentcd rheir imminent dan« 
ger, and the great preparations making to confummate their 
ruine; imploring h is Majefty to favour them with a good and 
fpecdy recruit of Viduals, thar being the greatcft want that affli- 
d:ed them ; which once fupplied, there was notliing elfe which 
they much feared ; But if their eni:raieshad leafure to block up 
their Port, their dcfirudion was inev tabic : All which the 
King anfwered wzthpromifcsof a powerful and fpecdy relicf,ar<- 
Turing them morcova-, that he would hazard all the Forces of his 
Kingdomjtather than futfer them to ptrifti. 

While they expeft thee ffcd of thefe promlfesj the Eochcl- 
lets difpatcht their Admiral Brcgn.eait with money, andexprefs 
command to buy Coin, to lade both his own, and thofe other 
ihips they had already in £'?-^/"«^ 5 and to return with it with 
all (peed: Da.zid -, who was fent after him, with the like Com^ 
miifion, ftorcs his lliips with provifions, and very happily got 
back with them in o Rochellc: But Br flg?isajiy inftead of execu- 
ting his Commjlllon , goes dircii^Iy from Vlymouh ^ wheie all 
things were icadyforhim? toPurtjmomh , under colour of fur- 
jiifhmg himfelf at a be'tcr rare ; and yet inftead of doine tlintj 
goes to London , where pufc up with vanity derived from the 
promifes of the Duke of Bucf^'in^nm-, he minded nothing but 
an ambitious and covetous purfuic of the honour and profit of the 
Admiralty of the refugiated frf^^/? , which at length he ob- 
tained 5 by the voluntary demiftion of it , which the Duke of ' 
Soub'iT^e made of it, in favour of the KochcUers , and to eafe them 
of the extraordinary expences they were at 3 and yet notwich- 
ftanding, all the inftant, and dayly follicitations made to him 
to thar purpofe , could not induce him to be gone , till 
the difficulties of the paflage grew fo great ? thachewas at laft 
forced to wait the departure of the other Fleet preparing for their 

Th/s was the iiTue of th Is expedition of the Duke of Bucking' 
hrm .. in whicli he wracked both hs own and his Countreys hp,- 
iior; confumed. much o'tihzKochcUcrs proviiipjiSj and ruined the 
part^ ht came t© relieve. The 

Book IV. The Memires of the ^uke of Rohan. 155 

The hopes this Viftory gave the King of carrying the Town, 
maie him more intent upon the Siege : The whole winter he 
fpcnt in invefting it by Land with Foits, Redoubts, and lines of 
Commanication ? and ftraightning it at Sea by a Bar extending 
fi om the point o^CoreiUes to Fort Lewis^ ^in which hefpared nei- 
ther coft nor pains. 

The Bonfires the Romamfts made throughout the whole 
Country of Foix, gave the Duke of Rohan the firft light of thefc 
misfortunes , the certainty of which was afterwards confirmed 
by an exprefs from the Duke of Souh 7^ ^ who encouraged him 
ftill with hopes that, the next Spring they Ihould return 
in a condition to wipe off the ftains this affront hadcaft 
upon them. 

At the fame time the Duke of Kohan received two feveral 
Advertifements from the lower i.'J/^g/^e^oc ; one was 5 that the 
Maiq-.iefs Ae Fortes ^ who had many confederates in the CoUo- 
que of Sam 0::mam, having corrupted the Garifon in the 
Caftle of Florae , and gotten them to declare openly for him ; 
Montr edo-!i y chief of the faid CoUoque, haflr ! thither 5 and cal- 
ling in the v/hcle Province to h^s aide j had oefiegcd the Caftlcs 
and in fight of the Marqucfs ds Fortes , who was come with two 
thoufand men to relieve it , fprung t^vo Mines, ftormedjand for- 
ced it to furrendcr : The other was, that the Prince of Cond4 
was coming down the ^one towards the lower Langnedoc, and 
that Brijon. was in Treaty with him about the Province of yiva- 
Yet\i which he fought by all means to intimidate j urging the 
Duke cf Kohan' i abfence, and at fo great a diflance from them 
as an argument to inforce his defign : This made him confidei* 
that it was beft to preferve what they were already Matters of j 
conceiving that if he wintered in Foix , he fhould bring a famine 
on theCountrcy, which had already had but a bad year 3 and 
was fo little , and fo remote from their other quarters , that if 
the Prince of Coiide on one hand, and the Duke ^* Ejpernon on 
the other, fiiould joyn with the Duke of Montmorency , he {hould 
be blocked up on all fides : That if he went to Montauban ic 
would be to fmall purpofe, (or th^t the Englijh were bow gone, 
and the Winter was come on? and moreover that there was no 
pofiibilityforhimto return thence again i fo that he conceived 
the fecur^ft way was, to return towards the lower Languedoc 
to oppofe the Prince cf Condi there, and fo preferve that Coun- 

But before hi^ departures he convened the CoUoque of Toix , 
Utx\es Beaufort in the Government of it , to the great fatisfafti- 
pj5 s».d joy of the Inhabitants 5 leaving with him his own Regi- 

1 54 '^ke LMemoires of the Dakj ^/ Rohan. Book IV, 

menc ( which confifted yet of eight hundred men ) and his own ' 
Troop of lightHorfe-menj makes 7{^ujfeliere Governourof Sa^ 
verdun ; took order for the fortifying of fome places , of which 
there were three very confiderable 5 to wit M-n^eres , Saverdimy 
and QarUt 'y and as for the M.ts d* A^' , the good fortune they 
had to withftand theformet Siege j gave them courage again to 
fland upon their defence. 

The only perplexity he had was for VAmk^t being a great 
Tovynj not fortifiible , nor well peopled of it felf j nor indeed 
were there enough of the Religion in all Vo'ix to man it as it 
ought „• The right courfe had been to difmantle it; but Mcnjwith 
whom in Warres cf fuch a nature a man muft of ncceflity comply, 
are hardly perfwaded to things of that kinder But although this 
remedy could not be applied , yet he prevailed fo far upon the 
Inhabitants, as to fortifie a quarter of their Town called la. Mar- 
cadal , very conveniently feated, where he defigned a handfom 
fortification ; which done he appoints his General Rendez-vous 
at MaT^res, whence he marches by night , and returning the fame 
way he went,comes to Revel. 

The Duke of Mo«rwo>e«cy having notice of his motion, 

foes to wait for him on the great Road to Mo/itMiban, whence 
c fuddenly retired again to his quarters. The Duke goes from 
Kevel to the higher La/2^W«?t;, where re-aflembling the Co/^o^^? " 
fee informed them of all he had done in Vo'ix 5 encourages them 
to a conftant perfcverance in their fidelity; and eftablidies a 
Council for the diredion of their affaires , untill fuch time, as 
he could fend them a Prefidentfor the Colloque , there being no 
man among them, that the reft would give place to, for that 
the Marquefs of Malain:e who had been formerly their Prefi- 
^ent, and would, without difpute, have again been accepted of, 
was now wholly bent againft their Party j the Court having pre- 
vailed fo farre upon him? as to make him oppofc the Duke of !?<?- 
hm inthat Province ; which that he might the better do, he 
fainesadefire tobereconciled with him, which he fignifies by 
Letter to B-tf/^/o/'f ; and afterwards? at his firft meeting with the 
Duke, difcQveringforaedifpleafure 5 that C afire s wa.s not yet 
joyned with the Party, proteftcd that as foon as that Town? and 
Hontmb^fty fliould do fo, and that a General AflTembly was for- 
med} he would alfo publiquely declare for them. This had a pc- 
ftilent influence on the weaker fort , and gave the dif-affedc4 
among them , an opportunity to work much mifchief among the 
people ; For neither the Declarations of Montaubati and Co.' 
j?>*fi', nor the convening of a general Affcmbly wrought any 
change^at all in him 3 who. continued ftill an enemy to the Re- 
'^ ■ ■ -' • • • ....... formed 

Book IV. The CMerMolres of the Duke of Rohan. 1 5 j 

formed Party/, And dlfpatches alfo ViUemade to Momauhan to 
inform them of the caufe of his return ? to perfwade them ro de- 
clare? and to command the Soiildicry 5 but in fubordinatlon to 
theConfuIs: Butthislaft propofitlon fpoyled all the reftj »» 
mxit being efieewed a Prophet in his ervn Coimtrey^ To that they 
refolved o aflure thcmfelvesof aGovernour before they would en^ 
gage in the War. 

After this the Duke returns x.o\szriiSi\\QScvmes ^ and when 
he came to Vtgan^ received Yery urgent dlfpatches from Vivn- 
ret^i with intelligence xhztBnfon. had quitted all the higher Vi" 
varef^^ upon the approach of the Prince oi Cond^ (^although 
for want of Canon > he was not in a capacity to force the moil 
inconfiderable Fott there ) who had burnt and pillaged that poor 
Countrey ; and that? if they had not fpeedy relief, it was to be 
fjaredthat Privas, and the lower ^iz/ai:^t\ , vv'ould make their 
peace 5 to which Brifon. earneftly incited them j but upon notice 
of the Duke^sreturn 3 andthathe was coming inperfon to their 
relief , they re-affumed their courages , and maugre all Brifon's 
diflvvafions, refolved to ftand upon their guards which obliged 
the Prince to pafs into the lowtr L^ngicc doc ', whither whcE the 
Duke alfo came, he met with fome Souldiers of N^fmes , who 
had feized the Caftlc of J^auvert , which he caufed them to quit, 
upon the advance of the Prince , who feemed to have an intenti- 
on to befiege it ; imwilling to give him any cccajfion to ftop 
there j" knowing that his orders were to pafs into the higher Lan' 
gi^cdgc i and that his ftay would prejudice adefign he had upon 
the Cizaddo^ A'iontpeUiery which Brctigny David , for fix 
months together, had managed with the Baron de Mejlay , 
his Kinfman 5 and imtimate friend ; and eldefl: Captaine 06 
the Regiment of 'Normandy , then in Garifon in Mont- 

Now, forafmmch as upon the arrival of de Foffe, the Regi- 
ments of Normmdy and Picardy wereto be drawn out of the 
' Town 3 and others to be placed there in their rooms ; Mejlay 
who had there nrarricd one of the Religion , feemed much dis- 
contented at this alteration ; and that he had not left his own 
to embrace the Reformed Party : Brctigny ^ on the other fide, 
^ho very well knew his ambition^ cherifhes hith in this humour, 
and at length tells him , that if he could contrive a way to 
make himfelf Mafter of Montpellier, it would be then in his own 
power to make himfelf fatisfaftlon , and that withal he would 
be received into a Party, from which, by that means, he might 
obtaine whatever his own wifhes could fuggeft to his Hopes. 
The other liftcns to biim^ and demands time to consider both of 

i : the 

T^6 The (^iemoires of the Bake of Rohin» Book IV 

ehc thing , and the means to effe.*^ it 3 and both together con- 
trived expedients for mutual Incerviews ? and conveying intcUi- 
l^ence , without fufpitioji, one to the other. Not long after he 
cells him he was now refolvcd to undertake the buCn^-isj Treats 
with him concerning the advantages and conditions he ex.>e<^cd 
firomthe Reformed Party j and Ihews him the way he had to 
make himfelf Matter of the Citadel J to wit, chat being en the 
Guard every fourth day with his own Company? he could, /ith 
much eafe , let in as many as he pleafed into it : That for aflu- 
rance of his fidelity he would give his Wife in hoftage; and when 
the dcfi8;n was to be put in execution he would advance an hundred 
|)aces f.omthe Citadel towards B/Ct.'^Wj'? to yield himfelf up into 
bis hands. 

When all thefe things were communicated to the Duke of y he very well liked of them, for that the two fines of 
Communication , which conjoyned the Town with the Citadel, 
being made, and the Town Wall that fepai atcd rhcm razed, as 
they were now at work upon it, the Town would not be able to 
defend It felf; but withal he declared that he would nt^ver at- 
tempt this defign , till that Wall were down, or, at leaft, great 
breaches were made in it , that fo one and the fame adlion might 
put them in poflefljon both of Town and Citadel. The defign 
thus concluded on, the Duke 3 for fome dayes ? deferrcs his 
march: But feeing they proceeded too flowly in raifirg the 
Walls , he departs, and advancing a little way from Koque- ~ 
0/i!>'^e to pafs into Fo^AT 5 Mejlay fends B/'f?ip;^J' word ? that the 
sifaire was now in a very goodpofturej and that it was necefla- 
ry itfhould be put in execution, before the Garifon in the Ci- 
tadel was changed j Whereupon he is difpatched into the Sf- 
venes y and the lower LangucdoCi with all neceffary inftrudions 
tending to the executing of the defign, and an exprcfs charge 
particLtlarly to impart iz to c don , and to none elfe: But 
all was delayed till the arrival of the Duke of Kohait^ to whom 
they then made new Ptopolitions , that, at the fame time the 
Citadel ftiould be attempted without , he (hould ftorm the Town 
with two thoufand Men , and alfo fcale the Walls of Communi- 
caciortj allcdging, that when they fhould be Mafters of the Ci- 
itadel 5 the time they muft have to pafs three or four thoufand 
Men, through one gate > v*'Ould give the Town too much leafure 
c« arm themfelves. This made him fome/. hat more cold in the 
bufinefs, and gave him great fufpicions of the treachery inten- 
ded J whereupon he continued firm in his former refolution i in 
fomuch as ^ret'^gny complained that he found him fo refradory 
|ft a bufinefs able co revive their drooping Party : But he de- 

Book IV. ThMewoJresoftheDfikeofKchm. i^y 

monftratcd to h im the danger of this laft propofal, and that bcii^ 
once Maft^T of the Citadel, nothing could hinder his taking q£ 
the Tc\vn alio. 

While the Prince of Condi was upon his March towards the 
higher Langudoc, the Duke of Kohan Rallies hia Forces, ap- 
pointing the Rendez-vous to be on the 19th. oi ^muary a little 
above Cl.irct, five leagues fiom Mo'iUptUw ; where about two 
of the clock in the Afternoon, there met fix thoufand lighting 
men : Thence he fent a party ot Horfe to advance before the reft 
of the Army, as far as the Bridge of Salefon, which is about a 
league from Hon-tptllur^ to intercept all fuch as might give any 
notice of his approach: And then commands B.eiigny, chief ci 
the enterprifc) tomach with the Van, coniifting of fifecn hun- 
dred Men, and diviued iniodx Squadrons; the three firft were 
compoled each one of thiity aimed men, called out ^f the Vo- 
luurje.Sj and out of the befl of the Cavalry? with Halberds and 
Pjftoisi and of fourfcore others, half-Fikcs; half Mufquiticrs ; 
every ten arm-dMen had theii Officer, and carried with thera 
Pctaides , and Ladders , to force the Court of Guard in the 
Cicadelj andtwogrea Forks to keep up the Portcullis ; the o- 
thcr three Troops were compofcd of four hundred men, each 
one; and vvereordeiedforaReferveto the other: After thefc, 
marched the Duke with his Men at Armes, followed by all the 
ocher Sq adrons, the bigg tft of which confilled not of above 
four? or five hundred men. When they came to the Britige c£ 
Salefon, they found there theBaxon d^ Mcfay*& Man, who af- 
{ured Bretigny that all went well ; whereupon, leaving all thek 
Baggage on the oiher fide of the Bridge of Sulefo?z, with a hun- 
dred Souldiers ©nly to guard it, they advance as far as the Bridge 
called ^nvenali which is about a Canon fhot from Montpdller z 
Brctigny, by a bold Souldiers gives notice of his arrival to his 
Coufinj who fo well knew how to fool him, that he- returned with. 
as affiirance that all was well, and in a good condition? and that 
there was no difficulty in the matcer : Whereupon he proceeds, 
• not minding at all what had been fo often rtcommendcd to him , 
not to enter the place untill Mifluy was come forth to him? and 
Had put himfilf into his hands j bui his impatient defire to execute 
fo brave a defigu, animates him, without this precaution? to enter 
the Citadel with fix or fevcn and thirty menj thoie within noc 
daring to let any more come in : For as foon? as. they Taw them 
plant their Forks to fiipportthe Poitculljs? they cut a cord , by 
which means the Bridge was drawn up, and a Trau-doo: openedj 
whence moft of thofe that were gort^n in,fell down into a Tr< nch, 
«f\'h?r5 they were all harcjue-bufieredp the MufquuiCis at the lame 


J58 ThcLMemoires of the Bake o/Rohan. Book ly. 
time playing on thofe without j Montredon, who in Bret'fgny'g 
abfence was to comaiand, and had received a chai ge to be at the 
Gate, and fee them all enter in good order, drew off the Troops> 
and gave the Duke notice of their fuccefs, who had drawn uphis 
whole Body inBattaila on the right? and left hand of the great 
Road-way, which he had left open for the retreat of thofe of the 
Van y who when they were all pafled, he returned to the Bridge of 
Salefo't, where making an Halt, he Rallied his Men, and then 
^rew off into the Plains between Mofitpellier, and Lim?l^ quar- 
tering his Men in the befl Villages thereabouts ; not any one ilir- 
ringoutof Mofitpellier topurfuehim, orobferve his March. The 
next day he gave leave to the Troops, that came from the 5"^- 
'DC^es to depart ; and marched with thofe of the lower Laftgue^ 
doCy to ScLint Gillesy where he thought to have mide an attempt 
upon that Garrifrn, but the violence of the cold forced him to 
fend his Men into quarters. 

Thiswasthe iffueof that enterprife, mwihiChBmigny^2.r\i. 
Risbrother were flain, with about twenty others, and fixtecn or 
fevcnteen more were taken prifoners. f^, 

This Winter was the Duke of Rohxri hardly preffed both in 
the upper Langucdoc, and in i^ivnr-2t-\}, in the former of which 
was the Prince of Con.ds i who whirfl he prepared to invade the 
Province by open force , endeavoured alfo by fecret praftices to 
undermine the conftancy of thofe Towns that had declared for 
the Refo. med Party ; fo that the Duke of RofJcins prcfcncc there, 
with his Forces, was abfolutely ncceffary ; And on the other fide 
Vivaref^i fince the Prince his March through it, was in a mifc- 
rable condition J the higher VivarefK^ being loft, with all that 
the Dukt held upon the Rhone: And befides all thi.s, the Dul^e 
of Vemadour in his Seigniories, and ikf^/T^a/'^Yiffj inihofche held 
in right of his Wife, ufed extream cruelties) and violences a- 
gainft thofe of the Religion, feizingon their Eftates, torturing 
their Bodies with Whips, and Baftinadoes , driving them to 
Maffes fo that there came thence, to the Duke, frequent dif- | 
patches? and Deputies, one upon the heels of another, to im- 
plore his prcfcnce, and the afliftancc of his Forces, to reftore 
them to their liberty, which otherwife they fkould be inforced to 
purchafeat any rare j confidering alfo the divifions between all 
the Nobility of that Countrey, and 35/^/o«; affuring him 
alfo that they had taken care for the quartering of his 
Troops, as long as their neceffity {hould require their {lay 

Therejhappened yet another accidenrjwhich much obftruf^- 
cd this Voyage j C9 wita the unexpcfted death of Brifm^ which 

Book IV. The Memoir es of the JDnks, of V<ohtn, i^P 

much enlarged the former dlvifions ; for if theNobillry refufed 
tofubmitto Biifofi, who had been already twice Goveinour of 
the Province? much more would they oppofe his brrthcr Chtv" 
ride Si a young man, of fmall experience? and far ihort of his 
brothers condud to govern the Province: On the other fide the 
-fad ion of Bnfon^ which was the mcfl prevalent in Vrhas^ and 
Viivits the moft confiderable place of all yiv.rrelT^i chofc Chev- 
iilles for their Governour ; for that, being confcious of his 
weaknefs) they thought to rule all more abfolutely, than under 
his brother, and to allow him what part they pleafed, in the ad- 
min iflr at ion of the Affairs; To which mufl be added, that the 
Province of the lower Langnedoc, which was to advance the Lea- 
vy-money, being highly intereflVd in the prefervation of f^iva- 
nt"^ and blocking up the Khone y it being a River that with 
great facility and fpeed could convey all forts of Arras, and Am- 
munition to the enemy, preferred this defign, before that of the 
hightr Langnedoc-y for which place Kohafi had raifed two Re- 
giments, of five hundred Men apiece, which was allthey defired, 
in cafe he could not come himfelf in perfon ; But the untoward 
humour of Vmcon^ to fay no worfc, much retarded this relief j 
for being defigned for that expedition? after he had promifed to 
go, and for that reafon had received more Advance-money than 
was ufually allowed j he endeavoured to corrupt his Captains , 
that fo he might rejeft his merited blame on them ; but being noc 
able to prevail on more ihan one, he was at length conflrained to 
declare openly that he would noc go at all; fo that the Duke 
could fead but eight of thofe Companies with Caumette-Cham-' 
baud, who commanded the other Regiment : But by reafon of 
thefe difficulties, protraftions, and the artifices ufed by Faucoft 
to withdraw both Officer, and Souldier from this Voyage, thofe 
^ eight Companies could never amount to more than eight hundred 
men in the whole- The Duke thereupon caufed Faucoti to be 
fecurcd, and tryed at a Councel of War, where he found more 
favour, thanjuftice. 'Tis ene of the greateft calamities that 
attend the Generals of Parties poor, and compofed of Volunta- 
ries only, that they have no capacity either to reward the Noble, 
or punilh degenerous and unworthy adions. 

But to return to the Voyage of VivaY€t\ : The Duke of Ro-' 
ban raifes four thoufand Foot, and about two hundred Horfer 
Bucbefore he began his March thither, difmantles Saint Gcnieri^f 
and other fmall places upon the River Gardm, within theDio- 
cefsof yfc^^, left the KomaniftSy in his abftnce, fliould poflefs 
themfelvcs of them? and by fmall Garrifons take eft the contri- 
> feujionof all that Country which was full ©f good Towns j and 
» ■ prejudiGG 

i5o The Memolres of the Dfike ofKohzn. Book IV. 

prejudice the paflage from the lower Langiiedoc to the Sevenes z 
Andthen engages the aforefaid Provinces in a refolution not to 
hearken to any particular Treaty, but to communicate all occur- 
rences ro him, as on his iide, he promifed the like, and never to 
confent to any without the privity ©f them> all the other Previn- 
ces, KocbellCy and the King of Efiglnfid, 

When he had taken this courfe, he comes about the begln- 
niag of March, with all his Forces to Alct-\y vvhere he was fol- 
Lciced f evento afcdition j by the Inhabitants, to employ hl$ 
Forces in taking in of Vi7^n9bre, and Monts^tK^o Garrifons that 
incommoded them 5 but having cleared himfelf of this impor- 
tunity, he advanced. Hisfirft work wastofecure the Callle of 
Kou-JJoa, lying between ^^ff^, and S.ti/it Amhro'ix j and after- 
wards, in his March, takes in Thar que, and Saint ^ohn de M^rne 
/d/.r,two places belong ing'^to the Marquefs deVortes, which, yielded 
at fight of his Canon j the latter of thefe hedlfmintled,but not 
the former, being but a fmall Caftle,andthe ufual refidence of 
the faid MarqueU : Havmg cleared his way as far as Ba/ iac jUnd 
being now upon the Confines of y:vJ.ret'^^ he thought it necelfa- 
ry to fecure a Pafs upon the Rivet A d"chz,{oz the advantage both 
of his advance and return. To this end he befieged the Caftle 
o^ Salvos, fituateon that River, which he blocked up with part 
of hisFoces, whiles the other part, under the command oi An. 
bals, paired the River? both for the convenience of quarters, and 
provifions, as alfo that at the fame time he might block up the 
Caftle of Valon alfo : The Siege of Salvos laftcd five dayes , 
for that the Canon, and other neceflarics, to force it fuddenly, 
were not yet come up 5 fo that they contented themfelves with 
breaking lome of their Out-works, and then had recourfc to two 
Mines v.'hich they fprung, and to good cffcd too 3 the bafe Court 
being taken, the (.^arrifon retreated to the Tower, which was 
ftormed on every nde : Thofe within behaved themfelves brave- 
ly, killed and wounded maay of the Aflailancs, and among o- 
thers, the Colonel Gondin. was hurt; but the Canon came upy 
and did fuch execution on them, that they were conftrained to 
yield the next day after the ailault. 

Their example drew the Tower de Moullns, and the Caftle 
of Valon. alfo to a iubm.ftion ; The Duke caufed the two Caftles 
to be razed, preferving only the Tower of Moullns^ which of it 
felf was ftrong, and tenable by a fraall Garrifon. To fecure 
this pafs, and clear all the way of VivaretT^ there remained 
only Villz-nenfve de Bjrg, where the Governour Montreal had 
gotten together twelve hundred men ; but not withftanding that, 
the Duke was refolYcda haditbeenpofllblea to attempt it j tha.t 

Book IV. The CMemoiresoftheBtikeofKohxn. i^t 

fo he might not leave any thorns behinde him: But he wanted 
Ammunition, having fpent his fmall flore at the Siege of Salvos ; 
where the fcarcity of provifions, and the nearnefs of feme of his 
men to their own homes, had much diminilhcd his Forces ; and, 
which was worfe, fo little care had the Province taken in it, thac 
there was nothing for them about J^iUe-nc/tfvCy fo that he was 
fain to leave his Canon at Gorce, and for conreniency of quar- 
ters, to March with all his Troops to PrivaSi the Countrey ha- 
ving not had the leaft thought of any thing, but how to retort 
the blame of their want of Provifions one upon another , fo that 
he had much ado to keep together thofe Souldiers he had left. 
The firft exploit after his arrival in the Province of FivAret-^ 
was the Siege of Choumerarg^ performed by Chevrillcs, and the 
Country Troops, whirft his own refrefhed themfelves ; it bfled 
three dayes, and then their Works being Jill battered? the place 
was yielded on the fecond of ^pYJL 

The Duke of Koh.m's deftgns in J^ivarci'^, were to place a 
Governour,and to compofe all the divifions there ; but principal- 
ly to fecure a good pafs upon the Kf^one, both to draw the Tribute 
of the River to himfelf, and to facilitate the March of thofe For- 
ces which the Duke of Savny had promlfed him : For which end 
fome propofcd to him Sojo/t , others lit Voute , others Bajey^ 
and Vohfvt', the inconvenience of tlve fiifl: wasits fituation,being 
in the higher V'lvaretTj and fo remote from Privas , that it 
Could not be cafily removed from thence ; that of the fecond w as, 
that it was a place belonging to the Duke of Merita do J^r, and being 
of it felf weak, and not capable to be made good, would diain 
Privas of all its Ammunition, andconfequently draw an affront 
Upon that place, which would ruine his reputation, both with the 
ad verfe Party, and his own too: Wherefore he pitches on the 
latter? and begins with Pdnfjiy which when Br!fo?t gave it up, 
was difmantled i but, to prevent our re-pcffeffing of it, theene- 


my had fortified a fmall Tower in the Caftle, and raifed a litth 
Triangular Fort upon the Rivers fide ; he commanded Au-bxis by 
nIght,to poffefs himfelf of that part of the Suburbs which lies to-^ 
wards Lnuport j and L equ-es at the fame time to enter the T-^wn : 
In the mean time he drew his Canon, whereupon- the Fd-t was 
given up; but chiefly for that Lcqucs had already taken the 
Tower, and from the advantages of it, and the Caftle, played fo 
furioufly into the Fort? that none durft flir to ihew himfelf 
in it. 

cy-unlles with the Forces of the Province? at the Tarns 
time bcfieges and takes Sa'mt Auban^ which obftrucled the paf- 
fagc frQiu jfri?^ to Pohfin.^ and MalmQlrac was coramanded 

iSi The Alemoirfs of the Duke ^/Rohan. Book lV» 

to poflefs xhimieif of the Town of Bajssy to fecure it withBar- 
ricadoeSj and fcize on aii the Boaci in the Port, vhich he happi- 
ly cfF.'cled : This done? Aubais received command to attempt the 
two Caflks of Ba^cSy ivhich after tkeir dlfmantling, had been 
ag? in repaired j but upon the approach of the Canon, yielded: 
Which donc) the Duke caking iRto his con/id eration the fituation 
of both places? conceived that of Von fin to be the moft conve- 
nient, both for the facility of be ins; fortified, and the advantage 
it had to command the River ; thither then he commanded to be 
brought all the Boats, and fent Ltqacs with twelve hundred men 
into Dauphinc, which brought fo great aterrour on them? that 
many Towns fent him in voluntary conti ibucions of Corn, Mea!, 
and Bread, which wis a gr-^at relief to his men , whom the 
avarice, and difaffedlon of Vrivas had expofed to great extre- 
mities 5 and, that he might lofc no time, fcts about theFortifi- 
cations,*to which the Countrey ccntribatcd fo little, that he was 
fain to make Colleftions among his own Officers to pay the Soul- 
diers that wrought in them. 

The Duke, during his abode here, follicitcs thofc of the 
Religion in D.uiph'rde to joyn with him y but in vain, the Count 
of Soijfon.s amufing them with hopes that he would fhortly appear 
himfelf in the head of themj whereupon he fent che Count fome 
overtures to joyn with him, with four thousand Foot, and three 
hundred Hcrfe, in any part of Daf^phine^ he ihould pleafe to ap- 
point ; and that if he would bring but as many, he would engage 
h'mfelf in a ihort time to make him Mafler of the greateft part of 
Diiiphiite-^hux. he had no other return than empty words^and com- 
plementary thanks, which made him think that the Count had 
rather make an inglorious peace with thofe he declared to be his 
enemies, than engage in an honourable War againfl; them. 

Whirfl hv flayed at Poufri, he alfo received intelligence 
from the Duke of Soubi^eby Carl'mcaSi that the Fleet defigncd 
to bring the Corn to Rochelle, would be there towards the latter 
end of May j bur. the ether, from which they cxpcded their en- 
tire deliverance, not till after the Harveft. Chevrilles^ who favv 
• the flreights the Duke of's Forces were in; fo: wantof pro- 
•vifions, propofes him to an attempt upon ChdUid^ a fmall 
Tov/n> belonging to the Duke of Ventadour^ and feated upon the 
Confines or i^ellay, It has large Suburbs? and a Caflle, that 
commands them :.All the Inhabitants of this, and the neigh-| 
bouring places, are of the Religion, and till now had been fe- 
verely perfecuted by their Lord, even in times of peace j in order I 
to the efFeding of this defign, he demands of him two Regi- j 
fti^nts^ which were granted him: The Town he took with Pc-i 


BooVIV. The (Ji^emolresoftheDHkefRohxnl \6^ 

tardcs, and wich the two aforeHiid Regiments invefled a Caftle, 
called La Che\e whic'i is about a Canon-llioi: diftant from Chei- 
Urd , and upon the fight ot two Faucons that v/ere drawn up'^tp 
it, was£^lvenup3 with thefe Giinncs he begins to play upon 
the Works of the Caftle of Cheilard-^ but the Pieces being npc 
fufficient for Battery, he was fain to fend to Pavas for Tome 
bigger. . ,^ 

During this Siege, the Duke had intelligence from all parts, 
of the Duke of 3/otfWo/T^c/s arrival in the higher Langnedoc ^ 
who raifcd all the Forces he could to fct upon him in his Marchcs> 
or to cut off his paifage by taking B.trjac : This newes made him 
refolve? no longer to defer his return ; wherefore he writes to 
ChivriUeSy that in cafe the Cafllc of Chcilard was not taken by 
a dayj which he prefixed, he fhould fend back the two Regiments; 
which foquickned his diligence in the enterprife, that the place 
was taken within the time limited him : And the DtiJ^e having gi-^ 
ven order for the razing of ail the places he had taken, ^:ii.CQpt 
Toufi/i'y and left Chevrillcs in a firm poiTcfiion of his Govern^ 
mcnt, fets out from Vrivas upon Eaftcr day, and encamps thac 
night below Mirdhel'y and as he was marching th:ncf. the nexc 
Morningby break of day, Auhais^ that led the Van, informed 
him that the enemy appeared, both Hoife and Foot? about Saint 
Gcr«2^i^z, a large Town, indifferently well fortifi;.^d5 and diftanc 
about a quarter of a league from yUle-tieufve ; whence they al- 
fo drew outfrelTi Souldiers : They were all the forces that Vtn." 
tadour and Montreall could make in that Countrey, which, 
alarmed not the Duke at all, while he was employed about thofe 
fmall Sieges. They made choice of that place? as the moft ad- 
vantageous for them, the paflfage being ftrait, and the Dukes For-^ 
cesof neceflity to pafs within aMufquetfhot of rheTown? the 
paflages co which^were very commodious to lodge Mufquetiers in " 
But the Duke of Montmoren-cy, being half a dayes iMarch fhorc 
of them? they only made a little skirmifl:i, which made the Duke 
of Kohan defirous to purfue them, and force the Towns which 
he might have done, but was happily difTwaded from it, left the 
Duke of Montmorency with hisfrefh Forces fhould furprize him, 
while he was engaged, which would certainly have happened ; • 
for he came to ViUe^neafve about two houres after they had got-- 
ten over the pafs, which was done with very good condud and 
r order ; in this Rencontre there were fome flain, and wounded on 
both fides : After this no enemy appeared ; but the Duke when 
he came to Gorce, took his Canon, which he drew back to. /4«- 
dii-^y where he gave bis Troops fome refrefhoienta which they ve- 
ry DJUch wanted. ? : . , 

1^4 T'^^ LMeweiresof the Dtiks of Rohan Book IV. 

Mean while the Prince of CoifiS and the Duke of Mont mo- 
YcKcy joining their Forces take' the field 5 and march into Foix 
to attempt Vamie\y a great Townj but of no ftrcngth : The ill 
deftiny of Beaufort impelled him to a rcfolurion of defending it i 
to which end he calls in all his own , and moft of the Forces of 
theCouncreyj but, a breach being made, their confufion was 
too great to give them leave to think of any fuither rcfiftance; 
thofe that were falfe among them? ufing all means to augment 
the others fear : Beaufort" feeing this diforder , endeavoured to 

- fave himfelf by flight , together with Anras , but they were both 
taken, ctivrlzd to Thonloiifc , and there put to death : Thetotvn 
was pillaged, and all manner of licentious cruelties imaginable 
from Souldiers under fuch a Commander , were exercifcd in it : 
The taking of this Toun much difmayed the whole Countrcy , 
where no place efcaped the attempts cither of threats, or promi- 
fes; but the courage and fidelity of Ko/z/JeZ/r/f, whom the Duke 
G^ Rohan hadmade Governourof Savcrdun, together with hi« 

. fedulous induftry to encourage others preferved the Province j an<i 
the Prince marched back} with his Army , into the upper ^^n- 
giiedoc : Then was the Duke of Mon-tmoretuy fain to return to 
Vivxret\iio the afTiflance of his Partifans there ; and the Duke of 
Rohan was with no lefs inftances foUicited by the higher Lajtgue- 
doCjta the fame purpofc. 

Tlae Fpncehisfii-ft exploit was the Siege of Realmom , a 
Townwhofe fituationrendred it very confiderable j well ftored 
with S'ouldiers , and all forts of Pfoviiions , and which might 
have held out much longer s and very well expcded the relief 
preparing for it : Butneither did he begin the fiege, till he had 
Treated with Maugis who was Governour of it j who, having 
corrupted the firft Conful , the Colonel Chanmette , and his 
Sergeant Major, and made fomefhew of oppofition for ten or 
twelve dayes, without any breach made , or confulting with his 
Captains, or the people, contrary to the Oaths they were mu- 
tually engaged in , at the enemies fiift coming before it j not fo 
much as to make the leafl mention of furrendring? enters into 
a Capitulation 5 fignesit, and prefents it to the Town ; whore- 
fufmgto approve of it, he lets in the Befiegers at a Pert, which 
was at his own devotion , whiles the rell were every one at their 
refpeftive pods ; fo that great was the confufion there , and 
though by the Capitulation the Defendants ought to have mar- 
ched off with their armcs, yet was that violated , and they dif- 
armed. Sigalon, ai^dHuguet, two o( chaumett's Capialns, wkh 
fume other honefl Inhabitants of the place ^ maintained a Jd/Ji- 
«»^ rcfolwiely declaring to jhe World, thatthcyhad rather dye 

Book IV. The C^(em9lresoftheDukeof'R.o\iVC\] x6^ 

than quit their armes, which they carryed off, and wirh them a$ 
much honour due to their bravery, as the others did infamy, me- 
rited by their bafencfs. Great were the miferies of this poor *■ 
Town , whence Men, and Women ftript , and without any o- 
ther covering than cheir difchevelledhaire , came to Roque^ 
Cuurbe-^ where Sam Germicr , and// Espi^guet , who had the 
condud of the affairs of chofe of the Reformed Party in thofe 
parts, by means of the Correfuondents they had in C^y?r(?5-, made 
ufe of this Barbarifm:to provoke the people to an Infurre(flion > 
which had fo profperous an event , chat notwithftanding^he-. op- 
poficion of the Prefident Momcspicii , of the Advocate Gene- 
ral , the Confuls , and their adherents, the Walls were fcaled , 
and the Town without the etfufion of any blood taken , and the 
Prefident, and the Advocate baniflied thence. Chdvagnac at the 
fame time came very opportunely Inro the Countrey, fent thither 
by the Duke of Rohan to command in . chief there , where 
he was received J and, even in Caftics it felf , with an univcrfal 


For befides thedeliaht all Novekles ufually bring with them, 
the prefenc ftate of affaires required a Governour ; otherwjfe 
the Prince had carried all the Mountain of Albigcois before him; 
whereas now the greatefl mifchief fuifered there was the lofs of 
Came ^ which the Mai quefs o'l Malaii'7^ caufed to be delivered 
up to him , in which place, contrary to his promife , lie left a 
Garifon : After this he made an cfer at Ki.m^ , blocked it up, 
and raifed a bactc-ry againft it ; but feeing that neither his 
threats nor promlf>:s made any impreiTlon on the 'Befieged , and 
that the Governour E/c/o/i^A: , and ■^Jfasy whom the Duke of Ko- 
had hadfenc thither with four hundi'ed men , feeraed to be fuch 
as would give him a fmart oppciition , he raifed his iiege ; and 
thence goes to attempt Caftelnaii and Brajfac , places of no 
flrcngch , but furprlfeable even by unarmed men; Neverthe" 
lefs the former gave him the trouble to draw down his Canon , 
where the obftinacy of fome,occa(ioned the lofs of forty or fi^^y 
good Souldiers 5 who chofe rather to fiibmic to all extremickn 
than to obferve the Orders given them by C/?i^'Jg;2.^^, todravvolT 
as foon as they faw the Enemies Canon, which they might h .v:: 
eafilydone: This done, the Prince, not daring any more to 
look towards Vi^ne , fends Unas to Saint Sever , a place of 
which he himfelf was Lord, to pcrfwade the Inhabitants to fub- 
rait before he drew down his Canon i but feeing how ineffcdual 
all his perf .yafions proved, he flayes therewith them; wheipj 
after they had endured many Volleys of Canon fliot, themfelvcs 
9;>a4s a bteagh in the Wall , and efcaped by night. Thence he 


1 66 The tjllewcfires of the T^uke o/Rehan, Book IV. 

goes to a Conference with the Duke d" Ej^^rnon^it which they rc- 
iolved on the Siege o^Sdim ^1f iqaC' 

But before v/e pafs into t]ic higher Lrngiicdoc 3 it will be ex- 
pedient that, we fpcak a word or t\\ o of Montdiibnn. : Th;s Towns 
though it was then governed by Ccnfiils, and other 'Mag^ftrates 
that were great Enemies to the Reformed Parry , had neverthe- 
kfs great inclinations to joynwich them: This, the Duke of 1?0- 
hati himfelt atfiifthindred, being not willing they fliould de- 
clare before he came to them 5 and when after his reciirn from the 
voyage oftf'</b; ? he dcfired them fo to cioj norhing obftrU(5tcd it, 
but their want of a Governour : Whereupon the beft part of 
the To/, ncafline; their eyes upon S/7?;^t Wchcl , a younger bro- 
ther of La Koch? ChahiU , and of Kin to the Duke q{ Kobam 
who applauded their choice, they received him into their Town 
Sihoiit May , and there, after thar de. B'.rgues , and Saint Foy, 
through many difficulties , nnd great dangers ? had conduced 
thither > from the lower Cuicnne , fourfcore , or an hundred 
riox{z y zn^Vuim a Company of Foot ? and that he had alt 
his necefl'ary Provifions ready •> on the four and twentieth day of 
^I'ltc, they put him in poflefllon of his Command. The firfl; 
thing he did , was to order all things in a Militiary way ; raifing 
a Regiment compofed of Voluntiersjfuch as had Afyledthemfclves 
tliere ; and iniollins alfo in the cflabliflimenCjthofe Horfe that de 
$~rguei had brought thither. 

But belore he Could well? fettle himfelf in his authority he mec 
wltli many rubbs , havixig for enemies, not only thpfe th it were 
of a contrary Party , but, even among his own ? many rivals for 
the place , Vv'ho under-hand did him many ill Offices : Some of 
thefe he furmounted by prudence and diffimulation; and to o- 
thers he was fam to apply open force ? and the extremity of r"gor: 
The moft eminent example of which, was cccafioned by three 
young SouldicrS) Natives of the Town , whofc names were Car^ 
tie , La. To cft-y and Brcte , \^\\o difgufledat a denial of fome 
. Offiresthey fuedfor 5 or elf^ fct on by Tome others, envious of 
his honour , entred into a conf^uracy againfl his perfon , and to 
compafs their deiiffn makea Party in the Town, to which t!iey 
drew in many Gjddy braincs , and among them fome ot quality 3 
as the fonnes of the -idyocate Clerl^ , and the Counfellour de it 
Kofe ^ which gave greater fufpitions that this bufinefs was fo- 
mented by other pcrfons , who, though they appeared not at all ■ 
in it , yet were they the principal Agents, Th e pretence of this 
conjuration was the publique liberty, bv which means, having' 
railed many of the people, they Oiew ijhemfelves in the head 06 
them, with their Swords and Piftols in i;hei»: hands y an<t in that 

Book IV. The tjiiemolres eftheD^ke of Rohan, i6y 

cquipag;c march to che Govcrnours quarters , crying out Uber" 
iy y Liberty \ and that it was high time to rid thcmfelvts of thofe 
that opprefled it : When they came near to his door, they were 
flopped by fbmc of his guard , who To gallantly behaved them- 
felves in the defence of it, that they killed five or fix of the Mu- 
rinlers, and among others Cleri^, and La Roff'e : The tumulc 
fpreading it felf in the Town , the Confuls, with a great num- 
ber of the Inhabiranrs, haftd down to the Governours ; to whom 
when Saint Michel had recounted the Aftion , and juftlfied the 
procedure of his Souldiers , all were well fatisfiedj and the Coh- 
fuls caufing the faid Cartie, La Forefl , and Brete , Authours of 
the fedition to be apprehended , they were tryed , and condem- 
ned by the Council of Warrc , which in favour of their re- 
larlons in the, i;iftead of hanging, caufed them to be (hot to 

Sai?it M'chc!, whom this example of Juflice had now fixed 
in his authority, thinks of enlarging his quarters j and conceiving 
himfelf ftrong enough in Souldiers 3 by reafon of thofe that were 
Hed thither for flieltsr > he undertook to put the Town of C/iafade 
in a poHiure of defence ; and hav"ng put ChastiUm a Gentleman 
o: Angonlmois with eight hundred good men into it , he ufed 
fuch diligence in his fortifications) that in a very fhort fpacc 
theplace was made tenable 5 This the Prince, and the Duke 4* 
Efp/,nrn, had intended to beficge , bur wcredivertddby the Sie^e 
of Crcfeil, which drew away the Prince with his Forces 3 fo that 
the Duke d' EJpsrm'/?. was unwilling • to engage alone in the 
Siege, but endeavoured to contrive fome intelligences? and cor- 
refpondencies within, that might help him to furprize it, in 
which even the MInifter of that Church , whofe name was Le 
Grand y who had deferred it in the very beginning of the trou- 
bles, washisgreat AfTiflant, informing Him cf the coisdition 
of the Town 3 and p^rfwadlng him, as much as in him lay? to at- 
tempt it •, but findinghisdefignnotfeifible that way, he conten- 
ted himfelf only with an aflault , which he caufed to be made on 
the out-works, where he was fo generoufly received) thatjleaving 
many dead upon the place > and fome Garifonsin the adjacent 
Tovvns,he drew away again. 

But return we now to the Duke of Rohan, who, from the be- 
ginning of the Siege of Kealmon.t , was extreamly importuned tg, • 
relieve it, for which he was diligently preparing himfelf^ but after 
it was taken, hewasaseaineftly follicitedto march towards the 
higher LangueddC , fo that there pafTed not a week in which he 
received not two or three difpatches, tothateffcd: On che o** 
|hcr fide he foundhe ihould have much ado to gaixie his Soul- 
- W ^. 4.iers, 

1 di S The Memoir es of the Vh^ «/Rohan^. Book IV, 

ijicrs confent to it j for that their late Tuffcrings in VivavCl\g2iVz 
themj:aurc to fear the) iTiould meet with no better entertain- 
ment in thisVoyap,c ; fo that to allure them to it, he refolves 
onadcfign w^on MWvcis ^ a place upon the Borders of Koucy- 
giie y ftrong, and of great concernment to the Sevtncs 5 where 
he knew all the Coumrcy would come In to him ; alTurmg him- 
feJf withal , that, whatever his fuccefs (hould be in the at-^ 
tempt , having by this means drawn his men half wa)^ > 
he ihould with more facility perfwade them to adventure on the 
refl. • 

Wherefore he fends for k Pefquc , who firft moved this dc- 
iign to him j and pcrfwadcd him , that in taking the Town , he 
(hould alfo furprize the Captain of the Caftlcj and at one ftroke 
carry both: He gave him Orders to take as many Souldiers as 
lie thought hefllioiild have cccafion for 5 but at the time ap- 
pointed tor the execution of it 5 fo violent and tempefluous was 
the weather upon the Mountain de I* Ejpcrftort , the place of 
Kendcz-vous j that many of the Souldiers ( though it was then 
Summer ) died of the cold ; fo that they were faine to put it off 
till another timej which gave the enemy fome jealoufie of their 
intentions , and thofe in the Caflle leafure to furnilli themfelves 
'with many necefl'aries, and efpecially to recruit their garifons 
with Souldiers: Notwith-ftanding all which Le Fefque returnts 
thither agaia within two dayes , and fixing four Petardes to it , 
carried the Town: But, inftead of prefently invefting the Ca- 
ille J and fecuring the Corn for the nourifhmcnt of the Army ^ 
every one fell a pillaging, and in the mean time the Chevalier 
C ham b our ^wkh fifty menjgot into it. 

The Duke of Rohan in the mean time expefting the ifTue of 
this dcf\oncLZ Nifmcs , gave Orders for the raifingof the Mili- 
tia of iho Seven.: s i and principally of the two Regiments of Kic- 
lefcure , and La Koquc ^ and fent away thofe of Lajfayre , and 
Brermux y commanding them b\ feveral wayes to march towards 
Mirveis , and , upon the firfl notice of the taking of the Town, 
to inveft the Caftle ? and draw thither the fmall Canon that 
vmsztVigan : He fent away alfo G(?/f/sii«'s Regiment to B.^ry^r, 
which the Dukeof M{?«.^wo/T»cy hovered aboutj as if he had forac 
defign upon it, with Orders alfojincafenecefiity fo required, to, 
. march into Vivarct^. 

This done, he receives advice of the taking of l^MrvtiSi and 

the dlforders there committed : Whereupon he departs from 

• }>fifm s, and Peering his ccurfe thitherward, fent Leques poft 

before him to compofe and order all things there , When he 

?amc to f^iga?; , he met wicli a difpatch from the higher Languc-. 

Book IV. ThMex^oJresoftheDfikeof'Rohzn: i4^ 
doCy preffing him more inftandy than ever to haften thither, 
otherwife the whole Countrey was in danger to be loft • where- 
upon he fenc away Anbais with the Regiments oiSandics , Four^ 
niqiteti and Bimatti and three Troops of Horfe: When Le- 
ques came to Mhveis j conceiving, that that Caftle was not toi 
be forced by lb mean a Train of Artillery as they had there , he 
commands the Canon to be drawn to mjoUs, to fecure a Caftle 
ftandingupona pafsof great importance , which upon the ap- 
proach of it pr cfentiy yielded. 

After this, comes the Duke hlmfelf to Mirve/s , and being 
of opinion with Leques that there was no taking of the Caftle 
without a bigger piece of battery : Thofc that were at Millaud 
werepropofed, as thencareft and moft eafie to be drawn thi- 
ther : Thither then he goes with a fuilicicnt Convoy for theiii, 
but found it abfolutely impoflible to bring them s wherefore he 
commands Icqiies , by a Letter, to fend with all fpeed to Andw^e 
for the Culvcrin o^ Nifmes j And in the interim determines to 
go himfelf to Samt AfrlqtiC , upon report of the Siege of Vianei 
which the Prince pretended to attempt ; but as he was ready to 
fetout, he received a Letter from Leques , which informed 
him, that upon a bruit fpr gad among the Troops at Uirveis 
that he was going towards C^ftrcs , and that there was a great^ 
rcliei^ preparing for the Caftle, verymany of the Souldiershad 
left their Colours , that the Inhabitants of the Town had fent 
away their goods , and that unlefs his fudden return thither pre- 
vented it, he would finde the Siege totally abandoned : This 
made him face about with all fpeed ^ and findincr that the Let- 
ter he had written to Leques was fallen into the enemies hands, 
he fent another to AnduTe for the great Culverin ; and refol- 
ved now to fee what would be the event of this Siege ; In order 
to which he plants his Canon? and with them barters the Out- 
works that he might the more eafily ( in cafe there ftiould be oc- 
cafion for it ) come to mining ; and as he was giving Orders to 
ftorm the Caftle- works the night following 5 there came Newcs 
that there was a very confidcrablc Body forming for the relief ofc' 
lAi'iveis 5 that all Lar'^ic and Roiiergue flocked in to them - 
that there were twelve hundred diawn out of the Garifon of Mo»r' 
pellier , and that from Be-T^iers and Gignac j were fent many 
Souldiers alfoj and thattheirRendcz-vouswastobe at l^etros, 
two Leagues diftant from Mirveis : In efl^eft the thing was ve- 
ry true, and moreover the Baron P«^o/y , who commanded the 
D\xkQoi Uo?imorencfs Life- Guard, was already come thither 
with three hundred Horfe , to undertake the charge of the 
fcvhole kM which confifted 9/ about two thoufand Foot : This 

I JO The CMemoires of the Duks ^/ Rohan. Book IV« 

nuide the Duke defci- the ftormlngof theCaille, that he might 
piovidc to repel thcfc fuccoiirs i to which end he fpent all that 
sight in cuttine; a.Trench acrofs the hiU,the only way they had 
^to relieve the Caftle, and caufed his Canon to be drawn into a 
Redout J the next rwornin^, the Majors General Leqiies and 
J[j/^^/'^5 vifit all the quarters, caufe the Redout, and Trenches 
»obe well-mtinncd, and Amaiunition tobe delivered out to the 
Souldiers, and alfo give all necelfary inftiuftions to the Colo- 
nels; the Duke of Roh,i?i himfelf ftayes intheParajic place with 
Mantredon, the Voluntiers, two Troops of horfe-mcnj whom he 
fead commanded tc alight, his own Guards, and Li Baiime^ with 
tswo hundred of his own Regiment, that he might be ready upon 
all occasions, to fend relief to thofe that Ihould need it; about 
Noon the Scdutes give notice of the Komxm^s approach, and 
fuddenly every one betakes him to his Poft, when prefently after 
they (hew themfelves upon thetop of ahill,whence they fentdown 
five hundred men in two divifions, which advanced boldly, and 
m good order up to our very Canori) which gave them a very 
fearlh faluce ; befides which? they faw the Trenches well florcd 
with men? and on the right, and left hand, Regiments marching 
up the Hill to environ them ; this put them upon as fudden and 
nimble a retreat ; being followed with Vollies of Mufquet fhot > 
Up to the top of the Hill, where prefently all difappeared, and by 
the diforder was to be fcen among them,might bs rather conjedu- 
red to ffie? tlian to retreat : The next day every one took his own 
wayj and the Duke returned to the intended alTault; battering, 
the night followingj ihcPrdl'fadoes of the Counterfcarfe , all 
which were broken down ; and then drew up to the very GrafFc, 
from whence he bear the Defendants off their Works ; who as he 
was approaching to the WaU> beat a parley jwhich they obtained, 
together with very honourable conditions .This Siege lafted three 
weeks > and when the Caftle was delivered , there marched out 
«nc hundred and thirty Souldiers^ that wanted neither Ammuni- 
pn> nor provifion. 

When the Prince had notice of tht reddition of MhveU y 
:ind that the fifteen Companies drawn out of Hontpellier^ were 
wpontheir March to joyn with him? he refolved with the Duke 
J^ fpermn, upon the Siege of Saint Afrique ; which wheix 
the Duke of Rohan was informed of, he would have gone to 
htillaiid -y but- the next day, after the reddition of Mirvelsy dnd- 
ing that he had no more than eight hundred men leftj the reft 
being gone to refrefn themfelves, he was forced to go to f^igan-i 
after he hid gotten an engtigement from them, that within ten 
days they ftiould be all ready at ftnyR.ende2Vcus he (hould appoint 


Book IV . Th CMemoires of the Duke of Rohan, fji 

them,to go to the relief of 5^i»f Afiique;ht fenc difpatchcs alfo to 
'H'ljmes^ and ?^/c^,from whence he received a very good recruit. 
In this interval, the Duke of Kohan had notice of what 
became of the fecond Fleer, which was difpatched from England^ 
tofupply Rocbelle with provifions, untill the greater, defigned 
for its entire deliverance, made ready. The ftory is 
phis. The Duke of Soubi'^y feconded by the Deputies, and 
Merchants of Rocklle that were then in England , urges the 
King with fuchearneft and afTiduousimportunities^ that he re- 
folved upon the viiflualllng of RochcUe; for which,when all things 
were in a readinefs, the Duke ©f Biicl^ingham offered him the 
commind'of the Fleet; but underftanding that there were 
but five men of War defigned for their Convoy, and perceiving 
by fo flender a provlfion of {hips of war? that he intended to 
draw an affront, together with the whole blame of the RocbcUers 
upon him , he refufes to accept it, but declared wkhall, that,if 
he would go in perfon, he would be ready to accompany him ; 
Upon this his refufah the Duke of Buckingham re-inforces the 
Fleet with five great flilps more, and many other men of War; 
and being railed to the number of feventy in alhon the 17th. day 
of May, he fent them orders to hoife Sail, which they did under 
the commmdof his brother-in-Law, the Earle of Dmbigh; foon 
as the enemy defciyed them, they weigh Anchor, as if they in- 
tended to advance, and fight them , but on the fudden tacked a- 
bout again towards the fame place from whence they came. Brag^ 
neaii took a French Pinnice at Sablcnceau, where the Earle caii 
, Anchor fo near the Shore, that he thence received a Canon- flioc 
into his own fhip, which made him weigh Anchor again, and 
with the whole Nlvy remove to ride at a greater diftance from 
the enemies Canon. Many dayes were fpent in debates, and rc- 
folutions never executed 3 fo that fome Merchants , that were 
there, urged him to attempt either to fight, or pafs by theraj buc 
his Captains fllffely maintained that it could not be done, with- 
. out expofing the Englipj Forces to too great a hazard j only the 
Vice-admiral^ and one Captain Carrey fhewed more forward- 
nefs, and loudly exclaimed againfl the flacknefs of all the reft: 
Whereupon the French that were then in the Fleet, to the num- 
ber of two or three and twenty fhips, and Barques drew up 
together, and feeing the backwardnefs of the others to refolvc 
on any thing, come^in a Body to the Earle of Denbighy and pre- 
fent him a Petition figned by them all, by which they befecched 
him to grant them four Merchant-men fitted for a fight, three fire- 
fhips, and Souldlers to guard thofe fhips that carried the proviii- 
ons;, obliging themrdyes wich that c<juipage w gee into the town, 

« and 

lyz The Memolres of the DhI^ of 'Kohin. Book IV I 

and promifing moreover, both In tkeir own, and the names of 
the Rochellersy that in cafe any of thofe fliips raifcarrled in the 
adventure, they fhould be payed for, according to a juft cftima- 
cion of their value. Buc to all this they received no anfwer, but 
evasions, and denials ; whereupon the French fent Gohert, to 
the King of great Britain, with their complaints, and withall , 
to dilcovcr to him the facility of the palfage, and the ofFsirs they 
had made: M;an while the Captain Vtd^M takes a fmallBoit, 
and in it pafTes the B.iy by night, carrying to the befieged a let- 
ter from Brag'i?aiiy which advifed them not to rely any longer on 
Hopes of relief from the £»^/^/&jwho,at the fame time, without 
any further atcem ic mide,welghed Anchor, fteering their courfe 
home-wards : When they came to the Ifle of ivigbt, they cad 
Anchor there, and thence fenttht:ir Apologies Into England be- 
fore them, grounded upon the impoflribility of the enterprife, and 
thetenourof their Commiflionj whofe moft fubftantial words, 
and which imported a ;permi{Iion to fight, they pretended were 
interlined, although it was with the Kings own hand . 

Thefe excufes were eafily admitted by the Duke, and thofe of 
his Gang, though others deduced from them but fad confequ^n- 
ces for the RocheUors, that poor and mlferable people, that wich 
fuch tranfports of joy beheld the arrival of'the Fleet, with no Icfs 
aftonllTimcnt fa wit lie idle for eight dayes cntire,and ^ben leave 
them in a greater dcjedion than before •, and yet having received 
fo many promifes, and afifurances of relief, could they not give 
credit to their Admirals Letter, but prepare a new dlfpatch to the 
King of England 5 who upon the newes of the Fleets return, af- 
fembles his Council, and refolves to fend back Gobert to the 
Earle of Denbigh with new O ders to return again to the Rode 
of RocheH;, and there to expett a Renfort. About which time 
alfo came Sragi!i.:aii with newes of the Fleets return, and two 
dayes after Ctar^?, who was fent to be of the Earles Councel, 
and Agent for the King in Rocbellc, who when he had given in his 
relation of the affair? had his own houfe for his prifon: But to 
haflrcnaway this new relief for the diftreflfed Rochellersy Orders 
were given to Captain 3i.r«;z?rj,& Captain ?ennington->io expedite 
the building of ten great (hips, of fifteen hundred, or tw« thou- 
fand Tun-burthen) made purpofely to fight near the (bore , not 
drawing more than feven or eight foot-water, and carrying two 
and twenty Guns a piece : The^Duke of B!ic1(ingh am, \\\iq defired 
not that any one fhould pry too narrowly into the projeds he had 
againft RochcUcyicraovcd from the Court a Secretary that was very 
zealous for its deliverance, caufing him to be fent to P(7rf/}»o«f« 
to prepare other Veflfels, ani buy Provifions, and Ammiinition 
thprej where he flayed till the departure of the Fleet. Buc 

Book IV. The Memoir es of the ^nke c/Rohan^ X 75 

But lee us now fee what pafTed at the Siege of Sa\nt Ap-ique^ 
afmallTownj lying between two hills that command it, fo that 
nothing can be done within, that may not from thence be difco- 
vered ^ neither did any till this time, ever think of fortifying it : 
But yet the importance of the place for preferring the Commu- 
nication between the higher, and the lower Languedoc obliged us 
to break the ground, which is there very maniable : But never 
did that Town expecl the honour of an alTauk from the firft Prince 
of the blood: The River Sorgue runs under the walls of it, and 
divides it from that part of the Suburbs, that lies towards ?^^^re, 
which of ncceflity was to be fortified alfo, it being eafiefor the 
enemy to make his approaches that >>/ay, and for that the River 
beating againft the Walls, would not give way to any nearer for- 
tifications on that lide: The whole fortification of this Suburbs 
was compofed of Spurs, and little Flanquers, whofe Trenches 
were four fathom wide, and the Parapet Canon-proof, behind ic 
was nothing but a fmallbaak inftead of a Rampart 5 all that gave 
us hopes to be able to defend it, was, that there was room enough 
for us to imrench our felves behind it j befides, fo ftiangely oddc 
was the fituation of that place, that without a great Army, there 
was no hindering of relief from coming to it, both from Miltaudy 
Sa'iHt Rome, Tarii , and the Bridge of Cauvers, 

Aubais, who was advanced as far as the faid Bridge, that he 
might hare an eye upon J^iane, when he faw the Army bind its 
courfe towards Komrgue , divided his Forces into twoparcs, re- 
fer ving the ftronger to himfelf, and fending the other to Saint 
Afrique, which the Prince came before on the eight and twenti- 
eth day of May j and having viewed it, conceived it intenable , 
and at that inftant condemned it to the fire, and all manner of ex- 
tremities ; nor yet indeed was it to be defended, but by a greac 
number of men : Aubais very handfomly did his devoir,fending 
them from his quarters, as many men, and as much powder as 
they defircd : Lx Baume, whom the Duke of Ka^yan had left with, 
his Regiment at M'lUaudj for the fame purpofc did the like; io 
that in the very height of the Siege, there was no want of any 
thing J but there happening a difference between Vncarejfe, and 
Bim.ra , Saint Eftienne, and Smdrcs were fain to interpofcand 
reccncile them, who afterwards did very good fervice in the 
ftorm^ The approaches, batteries > and breaches , being all 
made within the fpace of eight or ten dayes, the Prince com- 
mands his men to make ready for the alfault, and thofc within al-; 
fo prepare to give him a brave reception ; who, though 
they had very good Works and Trenches, would not yet lofe one 
^nch of ground; There were within the Town, bcfldcs the 


174 ThcL^emolrcs o^the Duke <9/Rohan. Book IV. 

Foot, the Baron d' Alct\;, and S^int Efhemc's Troops of horfe; 
the beft armed among them were placed at the Breaches, and ail 
the other pofts were well manned alfo : The whole Ga.rifon con- 
fided of fifteen hundred fighting men; the ftorm laltcd five 
fcoures, was thrice renewed, and during it, one CUlvcrin dif- 
charged about fixty jfhot upon one of the Breaches; which ca;ri* 
cdoflF fomelegs, and amies; but could not fave the Affaiianrs 
from a rcpulfe, who left four hundred dead upon the place^amon^ 
%vhich were LaPiffe, and La Magda'jnc, two Captains, and 
fourty other Officers, not compriling thdfe that were wounded ; 
of the Defendants there were flain about eight and twenty, and 
xhreefcore hurt. 

The morrow after the aiTault was made, came both from 
Millaicd 5 and the Bridge de Canvers y four hundred men mo.e 
to Saint Afriqiie : The news of this quickly flew to the Duke of 
Rohan, at Mirvels, where he had three thoufand Foot, and 
made what haft he could thither; having given , order that C/u- 
tf.ignac, with the Forces of Alb'igeok^ fhould joyn with Aubaisy 
and fall upon the enemy on one fide, while he did the like on 
the other ; and the befiegcd, at the fame time> were to make a 
fally upon their- Canon : But that which he feared, came, 
to pafs, to wit, the Prince hisraifing the Siege : Then had the 
Duke a fair opportunity to purfuc him, and then thought of no* 
thing that would prevent it: But the affairs of C.^y^^w fummoncd 
him thither, where Saim Germler, induced to it, by thofe that 
were difaffefted to the Reformed party, oppofed Chavagnac m. 
his command: Thofe of Foi.v required his prefencc, to remedy 
the diforders fallen out the):e fince the death of Beaufort ; the 
Town of ViUande would by all -means that he fliould fit down 
before Cre^eil, ai\d fent Deputies purpofely to follicire him to 
to that effcA ; and on the other fide, the Siege of Saint jjfi'ique- 
being now over , no body would ftir a foot further ; all alledg- 
ing the neceflity ot their return) to look after their Harvcfls, ef- 
pecially thofe of l<!ifmes, and Vfc^-i whofe fields were threatned 
to be ravaged ; and bcfides thcfe, there were in the Army many 
Citizens, and Merchants, too delicate, long to endure the hard- 
Ihip of an Army : Vivarei\ alfo cryed out for help, the Duke of 
Montmorency being fallen imo that Province, with a ftiong 
power: Lyonnois alfo with Dauphinc, Vrjarei'-^y and the lower 
Langiiedoc, importuned him to free the Khu-; on which tlie 
Duke had already bcfieged Pfl^j?;-?, and battered Mirakl. 

Amidft thefe urgent follicitations on all hands, the Duke, ic 
being impofTible for him to divide himfelf a.mongft them all, re- 
turns to the lavver LMg'isdoCi fends AnbaU to Capcs^ zo com- 


Book IV. rheMenwlresofthe'DHkeofRohlTL 1 71 

pofe the divifions cherc, and defigns Saint Efiicnn.e witfi his 
Troo[) for Tdix; whiieshewUh the red of his Forces, todivert 
the Duke of Mon.tmorcncy from Vivaret^-i goes tc Ve\enobrey 
which by a longMirch hefufprized? fo disfurnifh.d cf men , 
that having with on: Petard > taken thcTovn, the night fol- 
lowing he ralfed his Battery, and tlie next morning began to play 
upon the Callle, which he took by aflault 3 but gave quarter to 
ah in it. 

This Siege wrought the wiihed cffcd 5 for the Duke 01 
McH'-moren.cjj after he had taken vMirabef, inftcad of continu- 
ing his progrefs in Vivarc.':^ niaiched off to relief Vc's^nohre ^ 
which he thought would have held out much longer ; but finding 
the bufinefs already over, he drew off to Bcaucaire 5 and the 
Duke of RohaHy when he had given order for fighting of ye-^e- 
mbre^ difmilTed his Voluntiers, put his other Regiments into Gar- 
rifons, and goes himfelf to Niff^es^ to put them in a poflurc to 
prevent the fpoil the Duke of Monmormcy had command t© 
make there j but had written to the Court, that he could not un- 
dertake it v\/ith lefs than fix thoufard Foot, and five hundred 
Horfc J for which care was taken, and he fupplied with three Re- 
giments from VakphinCiand fome Horfe drawen out of the Army^ 
the Ma.quefis of Vxelles was then condu<5ting to the relief of Ca- 
\al: Thefe prepaiacions made Niffnes , and yfc\ look about 
them, and promife good quarters to all the Horfc and Fooc 
Ihould come in to rheir affiflanee : The Duke of Kehan writ to 
thofe of the SevcmSito this effcft ; but they came not fo foon as 
they promifed ; nor did thofe of Nlfmes gratifie them as they 
ought ; Neverthelefs he goes to fee what might be done, and pro- 
mifcs to preferve all their Corn, within a League of their Town, 
to witjthat which lies upon the Vifirc (which is the richeft land 
about 'Nlfmes ) a fmall, but dangerous River i all yvhofe pafles 
he fpoyles, and in all places of danger caufed good Redoubts to 
be built j but as for the reft of their Fields, there was no poilibi- 
lity of preferving them : And yet, had the Pcafants obfcrved 
what was commanded them, which was, to leave their Sheaves 
fcattered upon the ground, they had faved a great part of them; 
vhich being made up in ftacks, and the enemy coming to for- 
ragc at the time they ufually thrtfii out their Corn,fwhich is thci c 
done in the Fields) they were all eafily eonfumed. 

The Duke of Montmorency takes up his firft quarters at ^^?V^t 
Ma'igueYiete^zgQo^lQZguzhcvn'NljTncs 'y and the next <iay lea- 
ving it on his left hand, came and lodged at Cbanmette, and 
S^aint Genies ^ three leagues diftanc fiom Wfmcs , and as 
farre from Vf^-^i^ Thence pafles through the Towns upon 
i , tlie 

1 -jS The LMemoires of the D/il^ ^/ Rohan. Book IV 

the Gordon y and fo gets into Vauvage y and took up his laft 
quarters at Bcrms and Vchas. 

In this march, which lafted fix or feven dayes , he burnt 
much Corn 5 and alfo many Villages; which done j he retires 
to Beaucaire ( having not at all cntred into the Territories of 
Nifmes ) and the Troops of Vanphine returned to joyn with the 
Marquefs of llxcllcs, all the Volunciers went home s the forces of 
the lower Lmgnedoc were fent into Garifonsjand theDuke o^Mont- 
fporency himfclf went to he-^^eres and Pc^cnas, 

About this time came a Gentleman from the Kingof £;z?^i^^^^ 
to the Duke , which difpatch was occafioned by an apprchenhon 
given him, that fince the return of the fecond Fleet, there were 
two Deputies with the Duke o^ Rohan,, in order to a Treaty for 
peace 5 to divert which, he was commanded to tell him , that 
though that Fleet after an ineffeftual Voyage were returned, yet 
there was now fo flrong a one prepared > and ready to fet Saile , 
that he was confident it would be the entire deliverance of Ro- 
chelle'y and that though God (liould not favour him in that at- 
tempt, yet would he never forfake the reft of the Reformed 
Party 5 Nay, although there fliould be no more left than the 
irery perfon of the Dake , he afTured him he would hazard all 
ihathe wasMafterof, for the prefervatlon of that alone 5 defi- 
ring further to know of him what hopes he had of afiiftance from 
^taly and Spaine , that in cafe the King fhould prefs him too 
hard , he might be direded by him how to afl'ift him , either by 
adiverfion orotherwife: David, one of the Deputies of Ro- 
chelle was prefent at the delivery of this Meflage : To which the 
Duke repliedi that he was fo far from any thoughts of a Treaty, 
that he had again caufed ahe Oath of Union to be renewed , to 
this cfifed> that none fliould hearken to any peice, but conjoyntly 
with him sand that he had already made known to him,the means 
he had to aflift him- 

This done , the Duke feeing; the Duke of Monmorcncy^s 
Troopslayfcactcrcdanddlfperfed in feveral parts, takes his turn 
alfo, and burnt all chsCorn, and CountreyHoufcs belonging 
to the Inhabitants of Ber.acaire , within Mufquet (hot of their 
very walls : And when he thought to make another inrode into 
the Marijh-Coimtrey for Salt , he met, in a narrow place upon 
the RhoTie , nearer home, two Barques convoyed by a Frigote > 
and laden with four and twenty thoufand French Bufhels, fo that 
commanding fome of his Souldiers to f^im to the other fide for 
a Boat 5 he tranfported many of his Foot, to Camargites , that 
he might on both fides attaque the Frigote j but flie foon for- 
fook her Merchandize^ which was as quickly carried away : Be- 


Book IV. The CMemolres of the Duke of Ko\im. l-jy 

fides this booty , they drove much Cattle from Cum.irgucs , and 
<iid much fpoylc there alfo by fire. When the Duke of Montmo- 
rmcj heard of thefe excurfions 5 hemadehaflc to rally his for- 
ces > appointing them their Rendcz-vous at Lund. The Duice, 
in this expedition J goin^, and returning;} marched above four- 
teen long Leagues 3 without making any long ftay in any place; 
and got home again before any of the enemy could be gotten 
together 5 And happy was it for him 3 for he was but in an ill 
condition to fight J every Souldicr being fo laden with pillage, 
that he could never get any more to march, in order j than three 
hundred fouldiers 5 of U Baiimc\ Reg:ment,which brought up the 

Whenthis expedition was over 5 the Duke was in great per- 
plexities 3 not knowing how to difpofe of his Forces , efpecially 
his Horfe : For he could now raife no more conrributioii foe 
their maintenance 3 by reafon that the Villages were all burnt* 
And the Sevenes was no Countrey for Horfe : If he fhould go 
towards Castres , there was the Prince with his Arsny in the 
higher Lxyiguedoc y who had particular Orders to impede his 
pafl'age i and thfc Duke of Montmorency had alfo a ftrift Com- 
mand , with his Forces to follow him 5 whither ever he ihould 
go : For it was feared left he iliould go to Montaiihan. , and 
raife thofe of the Religion in On^imm in favour of the En-gllfh > 
whofe coming they feared : If he went into Ro'ucrgne to no d- 
ther end but to eat them up , it would not be long ere their cryes 
would be heard j {o chat neceffity now obliged him to undertake 
the fiege of Crefcil. 

But before we go thither, it will not be amlfs to fay fome- 
thingof Aubais his return to Cajlres-y who though he made bun 
a feeming accommodation between Sa'mt Gcrmier and Cbavjig^ 
n.ic , the caufe of the mifundcrftanding ftill remaining 5 and fo- 
menting their conceived rancour one againft the other j fo thac 
the pretended reconciliation lafted not long i neverthelefs his 
being there was to great purpofe to oppofe thofe that came to 
forrage and plunder thofe parrs , where his brother Sa'ra.t E(ii^ 
enne was unhappily flain , by theic own Canon , which being 
not well fpunged > as they were re-charging ir, the Powderi:ook 
fire, and killed him ; He was a Gentleman of great couragCj 
and zeal for his party , and was the next day to have gone into 
I'oiXy where they ftood in great need of him. 

The Marquefs of K^g/jy , who commanded the Prince his 
Arniy> and had much ravaged the Countrey, goes, for his la(t 
exploit, to burn M:i'^imet ^ and to beHege H.iiitpont ^ whither 
^^^^y i ^ gaUant Soulier > with t!i: Inhabitants of WT^^rnet^ 

N were 

1 78 The MemoiYCs of the Dftke of Rohan. Book IV. 

were retired i but having, to no purpofe, lain before it for the 
fpace of twelve dayes ,^ he diew oft to Biugiere, where he 

And here it will be expedient to infert a word or two concer- 
ning C"M«/t7, who from Vicdmonh made the Duke of 
Rohan, fome propofitions of afliflancc from Spainc ; which, if ("e- 
manded, he was confident he might have freely > and in a lar^e 
meafure ; for that having conferred about it with the Span jh Em- 
bafladour in Viedmont , he had given him very good hoj es of 
it; telling hJm moreover, that itwas the Inteieft of 5/>;Z'ȣ', to 
endeavour a prolongation of the Civil Wars wiF/ance y chat they 
might with more cafecompafs their defigns in Italy, that the 
Abbot Scaglla , the Dake of Savoy's Embafladour , was now in 
Spaine , and would contribute hisutmoft power to alTift him in 
it ; having already in En.gland, and clfewhcrc, declared hjmfelf 
a great favourer of the Refoimed Party , out of his implacable 
hatred to thofe that govern now in France. 

The great exigencies the Duke was in for want of money, 
the Countrey being unable, aad the Towns unwilling to furnil^ 
him any more ; neither could he expe<ft any from England j nor 
had he received any thing from the Duke of Savoy , but empty 
promifcs, enforced him to feck out fome way or other to fup- 
plyhis wants; and in efftd he faw none but this; which yet he 
durftnot pitch upon, without the King of E'fig'and's leave, fear- 
ing left it might givehimancff.nce , and confequently an oc- 
cafion to defcrt him: Notwithllandingthls doubt, yet would 
he not rejcft ClaufeCs propofals ; but deferres his difpaich, rill 
he could give notice of it to the King of England, and to his 
Embafladour xhtn'mViedmo'U -, from both whom he received 
very favourable anfwers j and then fent Claufcl into Spa'tnc, In- 
joyning him to declare to the King of Spaine , that if the con- 
tinuance of the War in France might be fcrviceable to his de- 
fignes, upon condition he would afford thofe of the Religion a 
fpeedy and round fupply of money, he would engage himfelf to 
proteftit, as long as it Ibould be agreed upon between them; 
bur that otherwife he fhould be conftrained to make his peace j 
that he ihould have the whole Winter to provide it , and that he 
would expeft his anfwer till the next March : And forafmuch as 
that, immediately after the departure of Clanfcly there came 
news of the lofs of Kochiile ; he fent two MelTengers after him 
10 let him know? that that accident had not any thing ihaken his 
rcfolutions; but that he continued conftant to his former pro- 
pofals. Claufel pafles through fo/:»: ]rno Spaine^ where he was 
Tcry well received^ and h^ard 5 and had very advantageous Pro- 


feoolclV^ TheCMemolnsoftheDtikefKohlVi, 179 

poficions made him alfo ; All which ^ood news he ira|?art$ to 
ttie Duke of Rohan. ; giving him good hopes of a prompc , and 
powerful alTiftance : At len^h having concluded the Treaty , he 
goes into VicdmofU , to facilitate and expedite the execution of 
all things J and as he went, landed a Gentleman belonging to 
theK.ngof Spd'in y who was to have b^aght the Duke a Copy 
of the Agreement ; But he fufFered himfelf to be taken at the 
Gates of Lund ^ when he had but half a League more to go be- 
yond all danger, of which /vo'^T^zadvertifed Claiiftl,\uh'o when he 
came to Vhdmont, g^yt the B'lgl.'jh Emballadour an account of all 
his neo^otiation. 

Return we now to Crefcil , a place about* a Canon mot <II- 
fiant from Miiidud, having a treble inclofure of Walls, one 
whereof environs the Town, and the two others the Caftle, 
which muft be forced one after another » for that there is no co- 
ming at the Caftle, but through the Town ; the farthcft pare of 
itbelng built upona Rock of a vaft height: It is true, the 
Walls that inclofe the Town are not worth an'^ thing , ru- 
inoL^s, and full of breaches , fotUat it were a fhame to lie eighc 
tiayes before it , and not to take ii : But he that has to dealc 
with a people , to whomnedefign feems difficult, and whert 
they come to put it in execution , make no proyifion of necefla- 
ries to efFeft it , will want no incumbrances : Roha?z gives no- 
tice of his intentions to Alteyrac andG/mi-z, that without anjr 
noifej they might put all things in a readinefs to efFv-fl them^ ani 
gave Alteyrac alfo Orders to block up the place , a day before he 
came with his Troops 5 that fo he might furprize it at a greater 
advantage, when meanly furnifhed with Souldiers; which he did, 
but yet all their diligence could not prevent the efitry oi iupplies 
into it. 

When the Troops were all comeup. the Siege was formed , 
andabattery of tvvoGunsraifed, which had not dilcharged fix; 
fliot , before the Carriage of one of ihtmflcv/ all to pieces 5 and 
when that was mended > the like actidenc befell the other; fo 
that the whole tinle, alraoft, wasfpent in repairing the Carri- 
ages of the Guns; and with fuch untoward Timber, thatv/heil 
ail was dune, they did but little better than before; fo that the 
breach bein^ not made large enough in one day , they were fiin 
to remit the profecution of their battery till the morrow > whicK 
gave the befiegcdleafure to repaire , and make it better than 
before: Ncverthelefs urgedby the fliortnefs of his time, the 
Duke commaiidfd an affault to be made , In w hich he was re- 
pulfed. In the mean while the Duke of Mont monncy^v^ho -with 
nis Army j had ftill w;Uced on the motions of -Mm ^ joyneiJ 

Na ivhh 

xBo The Afenmres of the Diikc\ofV<o\MV\\ Book IV". 

with the Prince ; and having diflfwaded him from his intended 
attempt upon Cau-fadc^ and gotten together all the Forces cf that , 
Countrey? came with eight thoufand Foot , and fix hundred 
Horfe CO lie at Sai?it Geo gcs, diftant but a league from Crcfcil ; 
of which, when the Duke of Rohdn had intelligence, that very 
night he drew off his Canon, and the next day, having left CiC- 
fcil again at liberty, drew up his whole Army in Battailla near* 
M'lllmd j where about noon, the Prince appeared with his whole 
Army , which , when MoritmoiC/icy had recruited the Gar- 
rifon with men, and all other necellaries, marched off to their 

This Siege did at lead th's good, that itprefervcd Caiifadc^ 
which was not yet in a condition to withftand lo great a pow- 
er: The night follovving l{ fends his Foot into SamtKome' 
upon T^iV^ y and into Saint Afriqiie j and feeing that both Ar- 
mies were fo near him, he thought with his Cavalry, having 
no baggage to incumber them, he might reach CaUrcs in one 
night: This he propofed to his Officers, who were of opinion, 
that it would be convenient to ftay one day longer, to obfeive the 
countenance of the enemy, which totally fruftrated his intenti- 
ons of pafling that way; for as he was about to attempt it the 
next day, he found that Mommorcncy had prevented him , and 
waited fer him on the way both with Horfe and Foot ; which 
made him inftantlyrefolvc to take with him all his Forces, and 
by great Marches got "into the higher Languedoc, to befiegc 
Aimnrgues^ which he was confident f in cafe he found but the 
ordinary Garrifon in it j a few da yes would make him Mafteref; 
It is a Town of an indifferent bignefs, diftant about four leagues 
from NifineS} and one from Limel^ featcd in the beil part of 
that Countreyj and upon a Flat, no wayes to be c( mmandedjthe 
mold alfobemg foft, and tradable ; and in fliort, accommoda- 
ted with all things ncccllary to make it a very brave place 5 it is 
alio inclofed with fair Free-ftone Walls ? flanked with fmall 
Towers, and a large and deep Trench, full of water, on the 
outfideof which were two or three lulf Moons, little, and ill 
made. To this end he fcnt Anbais to Nijmcs, to get the Ca- 
non in a readinefs, and that he might the better conceal his de- 
fign, divides his Forces, and marches thither two feveral ways> 
he himfelf, with that party w*hich he conduced, came thither 
fii ft, and prefently invells the place ; the next day arrived the 
others alfo, and then he afllgned every one their pofl, and en- 
tirely blocked it up : And without further delay fcnt to Fifmes ^ 
to haften away the Canon, which came alio in good time : The- 
Stiight following, he planes them upon the Battery he h^draifed , 

Book IV. The CMemolres of the Bttke of Rohan. 1 8 1 

and the next day, without the lofs of one man, made a fair 
breach 3 and having made provlfion of ladders, for that the 
Walls, being but low in many places, are eafily fcalablc, and 
the Trench in many parts palTeable, he difpofed his men for a 
general allault ; When the Govcrnour, theMarquefs of Saint 
S/ilpicc, a younger brother of the houfc of J^fi^ faw thefe pre- 
parations? conceiving he had not men enough to defend him- 
ielf againft the florm, he demands a parley , the Duke of Kohan. 
fent him word, that he was much troubled that a young Gentle- 
man of his quality fliould be fo unfortunately engaged in a place 
where fromhis firftElFay he could derive nothing but dlfadvantage 
and difhonour ; Nevert}\elels out of regard to the amity betweea 
their houfes, he offered him as honourable conditions,as he him- 
felt could have defired, which he accepted? and within an hours 
after mirchcd out with his Garrifon- 

The bake of Montmorency, while he was yet at la. Came, 
at the fame inftanr received intelligence, both of the Seige? and 
taking of this place, and upon the re-iteratcd importunities made 
him? prefently repaired thither to fettle the Province, which the 
fo fudden taking of Aim.irgues had much difordered. The Duke 
of Rohan mean while employes that little leafure he had in clea- 
ring the Countrey of thofe Paltry Forts? and Towns, which lay 
about Nifmes, and ^7^-^; as the Caftleof P^auvert, MainnCy 
Sargnac, Sam Bonnets Kefmol'ms^ P^es , and CbaUillon, which 
yeilded upon the approach of his Canon : Ail which he detno- 
Jiflied, except Refmoll'iS) which he was defirous to keep for 
that it might be ufeful to him when he fliould have occalion to 
look towards Vllh-neufve by Avlgnoii'. But thcconfervationef 
Airnargiies, and the Fortifications he had there begun? made him 
relinquifli all other defigns for the prefent, to apply hlmfelf whol- 
ly to thatf 

Whiles he was thus occupied, furvenes the Duke of Mont^ 
morcncy, thrcatning to beficgc Almargnes , and preparing his 
Canon? and all other neceflfaries for it ; which obliged the Duke 
of Kohan to draw towards it, and clap in twelve hundred Foot , 
where he defigned alfo a Counterfcarfe , Curtains, and half 
Moons? to be made for the fccurity of thofe places which were 
weakeft) and moft liable to dinger ; and having, fummoned in 
the Militia of the Sevenes^ he put fix or feven hundred of them 
into the great G^/>«'g«'^>whithei: he caufed ammunition-bread to 
b; fent them daily from ]7i/5wfi-,commanding them to defend it 
agiinft a party> but not to ftay till the enemy drew down their 
Canon. Some weeks paflfed they in this pofture; in the mean 
time the D.uke of Hofi^msimcy defpairing to do any good upon 

^( J Alni{ii%UrCS9 

[i8z The iji'femolres ofthe T>t^k^ of Koh^n] BooklV.. 

AtfnaYgues^ turns his dcfign upon the Forces In Gdf/^v^wf^ ; ap- 
points his Rendez-vous by break of day at the Bridge of L/i«c/ , 
and that morning goes thence to inveft them. The two that com- 
manded there, were Valci^cn'i^ and la Roqite ^ both gallant 
Gentlemen, the former v^iy ftlffcly ^^rfifts in a refolution to fee 
their Canon, thin'xincr by mght, to draw off into Vauvagc, a 
good Coumrey for ihe Foot,and where all the Inhabitants were of 
the Relig'.on ; but this was contrary to the exprefs ord"r of the 
Duke of Kohan\ who undcrCtanding that they were befieged > 
\virh all fpccd rallies his Troops, and comes to relieve them : The 
Dake of Mofitmorcncy on the other fide, drav^s all the Garrifonr 
cut of J thcRc-criment of A'or;«^?zrfy alfo, withfeve- , 
ra\ others, come to joyn': with hi'.^.i. His A'-my with his Canon, 
he r^.ngcd in Battailla, in a place of great advantage : Kohan 
goin '. to vie., him, that he might know whether he fhould ac- 
icmpttAis relief by day, or in the night-timC) findes him to be 
fo; r the li'and Foot, and four hundred good Hoifc; fliong? and 
fo acyan'-agcoufly lodged that there was no coming at him in any 
good crier, nor without pafTing within Piftol-fhot of a dano;crous 
Valley j which made him not difcover hisTroonsi and defer ad- 
vancing with the relief till the night following: He incamps about 
half a league from the place, in a Valley near a Wood, leaving 
a Troop of Horfe to obfei vc the motions of Montmorency, and to 
hinder the difcovery of his own Forces : About the clofe of the 
evening comes a McfTenger from the befiegedj to demand fom^ 
afiiftance, whom he fent back again with another with him, to 
tell them, that when they fhouldh.ear the Alarmc on the other 
fide, they fhould be ready to fally our at fuch a place as they 
fhould direft them ; that they fliould finde five hundred felcfted 
men to receive them within Mufqaet- (hot of Gaingiics ; and that 
he, with the reft of his Army, would be within a quarter of a 
league ready to bring them off; that if they knew any better 
way to fave thcmfelvcs, they fhoulfl acquaint him with it, and 
care fhould be taken of them j but, if they approved of this 
courfc) that they fhould make three fires upon the top of the 
Tower, that it might be accordingly followed. The Mefiengers 
got very well in, and the befieged alfo approve of the defign i" In 
witnefs whereof they give the fignalqf the three Fires? and pre- 
pare thcmfelvcs for the Sally : The Duke of Kohan. fent the five 
hundred men he had promifed within two Mufquet-fhor, caufed 
^he Alarme to be given thrice, and yet no body ftirrcd in Ga- 
largties, but all ftayed till day j which being now pretty well ad- 
yanc.d, he drew off his five hundred men, who by a Volley of 
^ot at iheit departure,^ Itt them know how near they had come 


Book IV. The CMemolres oftheDHkeofRohun^ 1 8^ 

to fetch them off: The Duke underftood afterwards, that fome of 
the Captainsj who had bad legs, or lame courages. Kindred their 
com ng forth ; w hofe feai s flattering them with falfe and deceit- 
ful hopes, made them choofe rather to fubmit to their enemies » 
than run the hazard of marching three or foure hundred paces 
with (even hundred men, with their Swords in their hands,which 
when they had done, they were fure to be received by five hun- 
dred more, and a quarter of a league farther by two thoufand. 
In greaf choler, and with an extream regret did the Duke draw 
off again, the next day, knowing they had yielded themfelves to 
be diipofed of at the difcrerion of their Conquefours, if they 
procured not the furrender of Almagms-y which if they efFefledj 
then were they all to be fet at liberty, and have their baggage re- - 
ilored to them: yalcfanr, nn^ E.iv'ierc^\yQiQ chofen Deputies, 
and fent with this goodly meflage to the Duke of Rohan , who 
made them both prifoners j bat V-ilefciire efcapes, and gets into 
the Seven's, to incite the Communaltles there to an iafurrcdi- 
on> in cafe Almargnes were not given up again j others alfo 
wentthither privately from Hontpcllicr to ths fame end 5 7{ohan 
fearing fome commotions in that Province, goes thither too him- 
f'elf, and takes with him the D:p-ities of Nifmes and ^fc^, af- 
fembles both the Provinces at Andti^Cy where he brought them 
to this refolution? that Aimargiies fhould not be re-delivered > 
and that all thofe prifoners they already had, or for the future 
fhouldtake, ihould be treated with the fame rigour as wasufed 
to thofe of Galarg.-i'^S'y and that he might have his revenge* he 
fas d«vvn before Monts, with but two thoufand men at raofl 5 five 
dayesdid he lie before it, for that the incellant rain that fell, re- 
tarded the arrival of their great Canon from Andf^T^e, for the 
fpace of three whole dayes together : Hut though the bad weather 
mifchieved him on that fide, it abundantly recompenfed that In- 
jury on another, fwelling the two Gardons, fo that four or five 
Regiments, which could they have come the direft way , had 
reached him In onedaycs march, not able to pafs the Rivers any 
other way, than by a Bridge, were fain to nuke four or five 
dayes of it ; and he to prolong the ir journey, caufes all the 
Boats, and Ferry-boats upon the Rivers to be brokeojand a llrong 
Guard to be kept at Sai?tt Nicholas Forte 'y fo that immediatly 
upon the arrival of his Canon, without further fear of any di- 
fturbance, he batters the Caflle^ and reduces the befieged, a 
hundred and fifty in number, to fuch Ul terms, that they yielded 
upon conditioji to undergo the fame punifhment as fhould be in-» 
Aided on thofe were taken at Galargfies, perfwading thcmfelves 
^illjthat Hamibal%:o whom the houfe belonged, and who wa^ 

N 4 Baftard- 

3§4 '^^'^ UUcmoires of the Vukc ofRohm Book IV. 

Baftard-brothcrtothcDukcof Montmorency^ would be able to 
prevail with him to favc his Friends, and Allies: But Mofitmo^ 
rcncy, to make his adion more eminent at Court, having fenc 
uord that he had taken the prime Officers and Souldicis of the 
SevcTics^ the Kins^ commanded that all the Colonels, rtnd other 
Officers fhould be hanged, and the common Souldiifcrs fent to 
the Gallics j which the Prince having notice of, wojdld not give 
him leafure to let the Court know what had happened at Momsy 
fothat he caufed threcfcore and four to be hanged, which indeed 
tvere not all Officers 5 but many that were well clad, fliled them- 
ftlvcs fo, out of hopes to finde better ufage ; fee how many times 
men gull themfelves: The Duke of Kohan alfo, for his part, 
caufed the like number to be hanged, not fparing any for tlicir 
cji'.ality, except fome few, which he referved, to fetch off fomc 
others, whicli EunmbAl had gotten to himfelf, who were after- 
wards exchanged. 

In the mean time Montduhan. gees on luckily with the War, 
5n which that Town, without the afliflance of any other,alwayes 
behaved it felf befl of any of the Reformed Party. Saint Mi~ 
ch:ly before he engaged in any other emerprife, looks after the 
prefeivation of Caujade , upon fome jealoufies he had of the 
Governour Chaflillon; for that in all Military anions he difco- 
vered too much cffeminacyjand too much difregard of things re- 
lating to the fecurity of the Town; but principally for that he 
held too frequent correfpcndcncies withthofe of the adverfe par- 
ty, under pretence of procuripg the enlargement of his brother* 
who had been a prifoner ever fince the laft peace : Neither was 
he without fome fufpitions cf the others alme to out him of his 
Government, which made him begin to think upon fome way to 
prefcive himfclf in it, to which end he Courts the affedions of 
the Souldicrs, and people of the Town; but before he had well 
made his Game, he mofl imprudently declared publickly? that 
he would no longer own any fubordination to Saint Michel , who 
to prevent, and crufA this mifchicf in its birth, exhibited the 
Articles he had to charge Ch.irtiUoyi withall to the Council ; 
whereupon it was oidered that he ftiould be fecured, and tried by 
a Council of War; which was neatly carried by Saint Michel, 
who very privately, and infenfibly having gotten many Souldiers 
into Caufade; and coming thither himfclf unthought on» with- 
out any the leafl commotion? feizcs upon ChaHiilon ,- and car- 
ries him to Montauhan^ where he \^ as for a time kept prifoner , 
and txamined ; Butwhcthcr it was, that the proofs againft him 
v/cre no; clear enough, or that rhey feared left the punifliing oF 
him would be a difcouragemcnc to other flrangcrs 5 he was fet at 



Book IV. The Memolres of the 1>tike o/Rohan; 1%^ 

liberty again; ZT^dTontbeten- was made Goyemour of Cau^ 
fade in his place; who continued in that command uncillthc 

Sai'/it Michel having tkus fecurcd this Town, thinks upon 
taking in of many fmall Forts, and Caftles? which were a great 
difturbance to Mon-tanban. ; having now a fit opportunity offer'd 
him by the plague, that had driven away moft of the Garrifons 
the Duke d' Elp.rnon. had left about him; in purfuancc of which 
he drawes his Canon mto the Field, and begins with the Caftle 
de LiMotte d' Ardae, and having battered, and taken it by af- 
fault, fired it on the fccoad of September : When he came back 
to Mofitauban, he had intelligence of a great body drawing up> 
compofed of the Countrey Forces, and fome other Regiments 
alfo, fent for purpofcly to oppofe his defigns : On the ^th. of 
the fameMoneth he lays an Ambufcade for them among the 
Vineyards of Dicii-Vantoh-, about two leagues diflantfrom Mon^ 
taubariy and with his Horfe goes to draw them into it, and meets 
them in the plain of Caftalans, and Saint poiqiiicr , where the 
enemy, without expefting till the refl of their men were come 
up, or indeed flaying one for the other, purfue him in diforder 
up to the very Ambufcadcs where being once engaged, he char- 
ges them on every fide, and leaves fome four or five hundred of 
them dead upon the place, befides a great number of wounded ? 
lofing not above three or four of his OAn : Thence he marches 
up to the very Towns of Cajlalans, and Saint Forquier , and o- 
ther Villages, and Farms, which he fired, and then returns to 
Montaubm. The next dav he beiieges the Caflle of t^ille-Dicii^ 
which having endured the battery a whole day, yielded the next ; 
thofe within it had their lives given them, but they remained pri- 
ibnersof War, and the place was burnt. On the 8ch. of 06lo~ 
ber he went, from Montauban to befiege E[callc\^ about two 
leagues froni Mentaiiban j but thofe of that Garrifon ftayed no 
more for him, then did thofe of Blavety both which retreated to 
Salvagnac ; thefe two Forts he alfo burnt : And becaufe Moidi- 
ere Governour cf ViUerauryha-dnow his Regiment on foot,he was 
very dcfirous to invite him into an Ambufh alfo, which he endea- 
Touredtodoj by firing the Mills of ViUemur ^ which were ia 
iight of the Town, whence yet none would flir cut; in his re- 
turn thence he came before the Caflle of Pof^lauren^ which he 

The Garrifon o^ Salvagnac being thus re-inforced witfi 
thofe of EfccUie'^y and Blavet, began now to grow infolent, and 
^vould no longer fland to the Agreement made with thofe of 
MontaHban^ to fuffer them freely to pafs, andrepafs^ whereupon 


t^6 The LMemoiref of the Duks^ff Rohiti. Book IV. 

Pie laid an Ambuih for them alfo j to allure them to which, he 
fenc out fixty Horfe^ and fifty Foot, when prefently came forth 
an hundred, or fix fcore Souldiers> to gain the Ford upon the 
River Tefim, where they met with fuch entertainment, as very 
few of them ever went back again. 

About the beginning of No'i^ember fallled out fixty feven 
Souldiers from the Garrifon of Lou-be jaCy to lay an Ambufh near 
Monta4iba?Ly upon the greac Road to Negrepeliffe ; which Sam 
Mich' I having notice of , drew out fome Horfe, andlayed a 
Counter- Ambufcade in the way by which tl>ey were to retreat ; 
and charging them in an open field, flsw about threefcore and 
four of thtra J and after this, took the Caftle oi Bonrquet by 
Petard. Many other little adions palled there at MQiztanban, in 
Ivhich Sdfi: Michel alwayes came off witK honour. 

It is now time to retuin to the lower Langnedoc , whither 
prefently after the taking of Monts , came the newes of the 
Reddition of Rochelle , after the long fufferings of that poor 
people , had given fuch large tellimonies of their invinc.blc 

The Rochellers upon the retreat of the fecond Fleet, fent 
four feveral Meflengers to England^ with inftrudions all to the 
fame efi\:d ^ vi-\.To reprefent unto the King» the dv-plorablc con- 
dition they would fuddenly be reduced co, ani nvinding him of 
feis prcrmlfes, to befeech his Majefty with all fpeei to fend them 
fome relief, afluring him withali, that how many, and heavy 
fbever their prefTureswere, they would not fabmit to them, but 
wait his anfwer : Ul Groffetiere, who was one of the four,arrivcd 
there on the ijth- of ^nfie, and was fint back again with many 
fair promifes on the 30th. but in his return was taken, carried to 
the King, kept a prifoner till the Town was taken, and was then 
put to death. The loth. of J'^/y following came the fecond,and 
on the 14th. arrived the third j butthelaft, who came about 
by Holland^ was fome-what longer on his way. 

Before the arrival of U Crojfetiere, had the King of great 
'Britain difpatch't U Lcinde with two other Souldiers, to give 
the KocheUers notice of the great fupplies he was preparing for 
ihemj and after him was alfo fent Champfleuf-y with the likeaf- 
furances, who got into Rochelle, but one day before the Fleet 
fhewed It felf In the Rode : The fhips preparing for this expedi- 
tion being not yet finlfhedj^the Engineers pitched upon a new in- 
vention, to wit, the Ic-tting out of three fhips lined, and the 
decks covered with brick, and laden with ftones of an immenfe 
bign?fs, and fluffed with barrels of powder, to make thefe Mines 
play cffedually upon the Barricade the French had nude In the 


Book IV. The tMemlres of the T>ptke of Rohan^ 1 ^j 

Port: 'Q\xx.\\\QK\v\f^ o^ England very much unfatisficd with 
the ilow progrefs of the Fleet, wejit himfelf in perfon on the laft 
of ^iit^ to haften it? in which journey the Duke, of Soubt%e wai- 
ted on him. 

The Duke of Bucl^r/igham flaying behind, fets bis wits on 
work to find out fome means to obdruft the fending away of the 
fupplies, and to this end, endeavours by the means of the Ven?" 
tiad Refidems in England^ and Trance, to have fomc over- 
tures for a peace made : But feeing that took not, he refolvesup- 
on a journey to Von [month ; but before his departure , fends for 
VmctHt, a Minlfter of the Church of Rochelle, and makes hirai 
write a perfwafive letter to the Kcchellcrs, to difpofe themfelves 
to accept of thepeace the Duke of Bffcl^ingham was now procu- 
ring for them ; which the Embaffadour of Savoy having an 
inkling of, he plainly demonftrates to Vinccm, that it v^as only 
an invention to retard the departure of the Fleetjand fo defeated 
that projed. 

At lengths on the 24th. of AiiguU, comes the Duke 06 
Bncl(in.ghAm w V»it [mouth , and on the 2,^th. arrived there fifty 
ihipSj Ibmemenof War, and others laden with provifion, and 
ammunition : But on the fecond of September, the Duke of Sou- 
bi':{e going to vifit the Duke of Buc^inghamt as he had newly di- 
ned, he told him that juft then he had received intelligence o£ 
the re-viftualling of RochcUe, and that he was now g®ingwith 
the newes to the King; and as he was lifting up the Hangings to 
go forth of the Room> he was ftabbed with a Knifcinto the great 
Artery of the heart, by an Officer, whofe name was Fc/fo»,of 
which he fell, and dyed immediatly : Nor were the Duke of Sou- 
bi"^, and his followers free from danger, it being muttered in 
the Chamber, that it was a French-man had done this aft ; buc 
felton, who might have eafily efcaped, if he had lifted? haring 
not been obfcrved by any one, voluntarily difcovers hirafelf to be 
the Authour of this Homicide j faying, that it was better that 
iwfo men {hould perifh, than a whole Kingdom, The next day 
the King makes the Earle of Lmd[ey Admiral, Morton. Vice-ad- 
miral, and MoJttjoy Reare-admiral; the other commands were 
not changed, but the fame Captains that were in the former ex- 
pedition, wentalfo inthis> with a greater force , but the fame 
refolutions. After the death oi BucJ^'mghaWy it appeared that 
not half of the Ammunition and Provlfions for tne Fleet were 
yet (hipped; and that (hould the profecution of their bufinefsan- 
Iwer the flowncfs of the beginnings, there would be yet three 
moneths work more to do; but by the care, and prefencc of the 
Kingjmore was UQW di(patch*tin tenortweke dayes;Chaninmany 
, ^ weeks 

iSS The LMemoi/gs of the Duk^ of Rohm. Book IV 

veeks before ; To that all things '^being now ready? they fetfaitc 
«n the eighteenth of S cptember : That which made the Duke of 
Soiibiic conceive better hopes of this than the'former Flcetsj was 
the care and diligence ufcd by the King, and the cominand he 
, gave his Admiral, in his prefencejnot to do any thing without his 
advice ; commitcing ihe charge of this eKpedition conjoyntly to 
ihcm both. 

On the nine afnd twentieth oi September cimt the Fleet in- 
fo the Rode of Kec/j:?//^ ? and after a calm, which continued all 
Simdiy and Mnd^ty following, at night the Wind arofe j and 
fate faire for a fight > fo that about two houres before day y up- 
on the Admiral's firing ofa Gun J they all fct fayle , and at iix 
of the clock in the morning began a fight, which lafted about 
three houres > in which, on both fides, were difcharged three or 
four thoufand piece of Canon , and that was all : The next day 
about the fame houre was the fight renewed, but more tempe- 
rately 5 and at a greater diftance , fo that boththofe fights were 
concluded without any great lofs to cither fide : On the third of 
OHohrer com.sup cothemF/V^w/ff a Captain that had formerly 
ferved under the Duke of SoH^bi'^e , and coming, as he faid/rom 
Trem'jlade , (hews a Letter from the Captain Treflcboisy de firing 
him to knoivof them whether they would hearken to a Treaty 
of peace or no ; to which was anfwcred, that he fliould fliew his 
pafs-port , or elfe thac Treflzbgis fhould come up in his S'ialIou;> 
baweenthe two Fleets, and there let them know what he had 
to fay ; which, on the fcventh of the fame monetii,he did, with 
one whofe name was de I* I(le , both who were remitted to 
Mo'itagu.; tnd Fora'm , who, finding tlut they had no particu- 
lar Commifiion , but came only to kno,v whether the Trtm't 
would Treat apart, excluding the English , anfwered them , thac 
that could not be , and fo both retired to their own Parties : Ne- 
verthelefs upon occafion of this inter vie .v the Admiral fent 
Mattagne witha D.itcK Gentlemin whof,- name was l^mfuaaf^ 
|e^ , under colour of deaaindingof fom- ivlirin^rs, thit were 
pi ifoncfx in the F'^iJC^ Fleet i but his going thitlier again the 
two daycs following , pretending they hid promifed to flicw him 
theBarricadoinths Port, andconfefiing, at his return, that he 
had not feenit, becaufe the Tide did not ferve, bredfom^ jea- 
ioufi^c&jthat he went thither upon fome other defign ; And when* 
upon a report that there had Articles mutually palled between 
them , the Duke o^Soabii; complain :d that they had entred up- 
on a Treaty, unknown to him, and without the Privity of thofc 
that were principally concernsd In it J ic was flitly denied : But 
when the continual goings co and tro of Montague j had confi:-. 


Bcok IV. The Mtmolres of the Bukt oj'Kohzr\, 3S9 

l:ned their fufplclons of a Treaty ? it was put off with this excufc, 
that they treated of things not relating to theirs^nGr the Intei eft's 
of V-fanu : And not long after^ the Admiral fent Montcpit into 
Lngliindy with a pafs which the Cardinal of hichdhu. gave 


On Sunday the one and twentieth of thisincncth there hapned 
a remarkable pafl'age j on^Vo^anne^ a Captain that had foimer- 
ly feived under the Duke of SoHbi\e , a Villain ccVeied with 
Crimes, and that had now redeemed hislife , by the engage- 
ments he h ad paflfed to the Cardinal, to kill, or bum Soubl-^ 
in his fliip , fcts failc out cf the River cfBcnrdcanXi in a gccd 
fhtp cf two hundred Tun burthen , and filled with Ccmbuftjble 
matter; and, thebetter to palliate hisdejfignj paflesasan ene- 
my 3 making pri2e of feveral Trench he met withal , ard fo gets 
up to the T.y;gl'fjh Fleet 'y Whcnhe vas ccme in among ihtm 3 
he tells tbem that he v\as ccme to feive the Party cf the Religi- 
on as he had foimerly done , arddefires to be ccr.di,de<l to the 
Duke of 5o?.'^/\e who knew him very well : With him was a 
Gentleman of Aujou ^ who, as he was going to ^oc/'t/Zf, had 
been caft upon the Coaflof Spcine y thtie taken, and ihcxicc 
fent to the Cardinal , vvhc firdirg him 10 be a bold and adven- 
turous perfon , prcmiftd h.'m not only his taidcn, but iriinitere- 
compences in cafe he vould accompany toj^rine in this enter- 
prize : The dtfire he had to favchimfelf together with the per- 
fvvafionsof his brother, who was a feivant 10 the Cardinal^ 
made him prcmifc whatever ihcy required of him: But when 
they came to the fleet, he unfolded the vhole plot to Soiibt':^^ 
v\hereupon T^janne w as taken Prifcnerj his fhipard Prizes fei- 
zed on : Andto prove that this Gentlewian laid rothirg but 
iruth,he cftered to getihicugh into 'RochUe wuh the Cardinal's 
pafs 3 and to return thence with a true account cf the condition 
'cf the place: His effer u as accepted of , and dotble Letters 
were given him ? feme of vhich he fhewed to the Cardinal, im- 
porting a retjue ft to peimithimto make this Voyage , and a pro- 
luife at his return to give him a perfcd relation of his difcovery. 
Thus he got in , and returned with other private Letters? which 
truly rcprefenied the ftateof KochiUe , which v\asfofad 5 that in 
cafe they were not relieved within two day es, there would be 
none left alive ir it, and that they were row ypcn the point of 

On Monday the iw o ard tw cntleth , about k n aclcck in the 
morning the fleets made as though they wculd engage , but the 
Captains failingof their prcmiled duty , the whole time was 
/jfCfttin Cmonndes ^ without any prejudice to cither party ^ ^rd 


J 90 Tht<J\{tmolres of the Duke <?/Rohan. Book lY, 
all the fire-fliips were fo ill-managed , that they were vainly j 
and to no purpofe confumed : And in the mean time, in fight of 
that Puifiant Fleet , fo well ftored with all neceflaries, while 
the time flipt away 5 the paflage unattempted 5 nor the Duke of 
Son,hi\e his offers, to lead the way with the French , dcfirinj^ the 
Admiral but to follow him only , accepted , nor thofe oF the 
Count ^e Lnvnl , while the others were engaged in the fight, 
to conduA the three fhips lined with brick , and in which were 
the Artificial Mines, up to the Barrlcado j the famine finlllied 
its work in Roche lie -^ there being hardly a man left thit could 
fupport himfelf without a ftaffj all chat were left alive were fo 
few, and fo debilitated, that they had not ftrength to handle 
their Armcs; fo that on the fame day the Admiral of EfigUnd 
had refolved with his C-^uncil , once mo re to attempt the relie- 
ving of it , the Kochellcrs capitulated , and yielded on the z^th, 
day o( OSlobsr', andon the lor/n of Nr^'^.'^^f/ following , the 
whole Fleet left the Rode 5 and returned towards England: The 
mifcarriagesof this ailion being imjjuted to the rcfradorinefs 
and difobedience of fome part'cular Captains; fome of them 
were confined to their own houfes, and a Cemmiflion was iffucd 
out for their Trial : But in a fiiort time aftetjali th.s vaaillied,and 
ihey received their pay as the reft did. 

The Duke of i?<7^^«'s Mother? nor his Sifter, would not fuf- 
fer any particular mention to be made of them in the Capitula- 
tion ; left the occafion of the furrendcr lliould be imputed to 
their perfwafions , or the refped borne to them ; not doubting 
however? but that they lliould equally enjoy the benefit of the 
Treaty with the reft: But, the interpretation of Articles being 
commonly made by the Conquerours, inarasthe Judgement of 
the King's Council , that they were notcomprifed in thera,fince 
they were not mentioned in them : An unprefidentable feveri' 
ty, that a perfon of her quality, offevcnty years old, coming 
outofabefiegcdTown J where (he and her daughter had llveci 
three moneths together upon Horfc-flefti, and four or five oun- 
ces of bread aday , fhould be detained Prifoners , prohibited 
theexercifc of their Religion? and fo ftri«fHy guarded, that 
they had but one fervant allowed to attend on them: But all 
this rigour abated not their wonted courage and z,cale to the wel- 
fare of their party ; For the Dutchefs fent to her fon the Duke 
of Rohan a Caution , not to give any credit to her Letters ; for 
that in this reftraint fhe might be compelled to write things con- 
trary to her inclinations, and that the conlideration of her mi- 
ferable condition ftiouldnot impellhlmto anything that mighc^^ 
prejudice the Party, whatever niifchief befell her : A truly-y 


Book IV. The Memoires of the Dnke of Rohan, tgi 

Chriftian refolucion j and nothing varying from the whole 
courfeof her life, which though It had been a continued tex- 
ture of affliftions; yer, by theafliftanceofGod, with fuch for- 
titude ccmported ihe her felf in them all , that (lie has juflly 
merited the applaufc and bcnedivlion of all gcod people j ana 
will yield pofterity amoft illuftrious example of an unparallcla- 
ble vertuej and admirable piety. Thus this poor Town y once 
the Cabinet and delight of Hiniy the Fourth, is now become 
the Subjeft of the wrath and Triiirtph of his Son Leivis the 
Thirteenth : It was allaulted by the Trench , abandoned by the 
Efiglijh 5 and buried in a grievous and mercilefs Famine s but in 
the conclufion, has^ by its conftancy, gained a more glorious Re- 
nown infucceeding ages, than thofe,whofe uninterrupted profpc- 
rity niak^s thetn.the envy of the prefent. 

This newes caufed a wonderful and general dejcftion a- 
mong the whole Party , every one cafting about, how to make 
his own peace •, and many made publick addreiTes to that end , 
allcdgirg 3 that flnce Rochelle was now loft , for whofe prefcrva- 
tiononly they had taken up Armes , it was neceflary that they 
alfo fhould make their own compofitlons , before a greater ex- 
tremity befell them ; On the other fide the Komanijis, by means 
of th. Confederates they had in the Townes of the Religion, 
infufed fuggeflions into them, perfwnding them to a fpeedy 
compliance , and that their early fubmiflion , would procure 
them a better reception j offering withal, large recompencesto 
thofe that could induce their Corporations to fend their Depu- 
ties to the King , who at the fame time alfo, publilKed a Decla- 
ration, wherein he prcmifcd to receive again into his favour and 
proteftioHj any particular pcrfons, orTewns that fhould petition 
him to that cffeft. 

The people wearied and ruLied with the Warre, and whofe 
fplrits naturally ftoop to advcrfity 5 the Merchants difcontented 
at their lofs of Trading ; the Citizens grieved to fee their hou- 
fesburntj and their lands lie idle immanu red, anduntilkd, all 
cncline to a peace upon any terms whatfotver : But of all others 
the djftemperof Caftres was thegreate#, by reafon of the divi- 
^oTishtiYiztnChavagnac and Sai/it Germer , who fupported by 
the Confuls, and others, who ftayed in the Town purpofely to 
-mifchicvethe whole party , who played their game fo well with 
the Council of AlbigeoiSy that they procured Deputies to be fenc 
to the Duke of 7{ohan ^ to defire his prefencc, without which 
their ills were irremcdible, and to fummcn him , upon hispro- 
mifes, to convene a General Affembly, which might , togcthei: 
tvith hitn> take care of thcpublique affairs 3 giving the Deputies 


1^2 The Afemqlres of the DhI^ of %o\\m. Book IV.' 

charge to return wich his arifwer as foon as polTible , that accor- 
dingly they might rcfolve on what they had to do. 

This rerolution 3 as alfo the cicftion of the Deputies, was 
made contrary to the ;i^\\cz o^Chavapiac ^ one of them being a 
Kinfman of Sahit Ccr?/j''ns, yet was he fain to fubmit to it for 
the prefenr. Theproj^d of thismeflage was grounded upon the 
impojffibility they conceived of the Duke's being able to come to 
them y and upon a belief? that were the way open) yet would he 
never curb hisownpower by a General Afl'embly ; io that upoii 
his refufal they promifed themfelves ^ fair and plaufible pre- 
tence 5 to make their own particular peace , or at leaft ) that 
making the AfTcmbly their own ? they fhould compel him to af- 
lent to what they lifted : Which the Duke of Rohan. {ovdcdi\gi 
and having alfoj before the arrival of the Deputies, refleded 
on a General AfTembly, as the only expedient, to prefcrvc an en- 
tire unity among them, he condefcended to all their defii.esj 
and that he might lofenotime, took the Deputies with him to 
Hfifmes, where they made choice of Deputies for the lower L^?2- 
p{-edgc ; thence went they to the , where they did the 
like? leaving the time and place for the Convention ro his de- 
termination : He fcnc them alfo Orders into Vivarct\ to elctl: 
their Deputies too j and then, having taken Order for the gal- 
lant fortifications he had begun at Aimargues ^ and all Gari- 
fons ncceflary to be kept in the two Provinces, during his ab- 
fence , he takes all his Horfe , and five hundred Foot, and with 
tnem comes to Castres ahoatth-Q beginning o^ December y where 
ht found Rouffeliere y, whom the Inhabitants of %xverdun had 
driven out of their Town , by means of L.i VUnte , his Lieu- 
tenant there , who fufFering hjmfelf to be feduced by their tem- 
ptations, had drawn the Garifon out of the higher Town , and 
given it up into their handi : This was alfo much promoted by 
the mif-intelligence happened between Ma^ar'tbd ( whom the 
Duke ofRoha/i, upon the death of Sain!: Eflic^fie, had made 
Governour of Foix ) and la Rouffeliere ^ upon this occafion, 
for that Ma'^aribal his facility made him too much yield to the 
follicitations of fome of tile Inhabitants of Ma\crcs ( whofe vil- 
lainy was not then known to him, as he confcffed afterwards, 
and that he took them forpcrfons well-aftc<fted to the Party} 
to uphold the Enemies of /rt Ronjfellcre both in Savcrd/my and 
Carlaty which made him requite his courtefie, by fhewing fa- 
vour alfo to all againft whom M.i\mbal had any Picquc j and 
to fuch a height grew their animofities one againft another, that 
M.i^iribat obfrruded, as much as he could , the payment of 
thsGirlfonof SA-jSid'My and gave free pafTige to chq Souldi- 

Book IV. The CMemolres oftheBnke of Rohan^ r a "i 

crs that ran from U Kouffellere -, which much elevated the /pi- 
i rics of his enemies , who cherifhed M.v::a,ibal vvichhop^s , thac 

in cafe they could rid themfelvcs of the other, they would re? 

ceive him into his place 5 but when? upon the expiil/ion of thQ 

other, he had a minde to go thither to reap the fruits of theic 
prpmifes , they reduced his train to a lefs number at the fiLfti 
jindlhut their Gates upon hiai the fecond time 5 but protcilecl 
notwithftanding to coiftinu:: fiim to the Party j which neverthe- 
h(sy when they had fufficiendy fecured the pja'ce ,, they utterly 
abandoned it,andprefcncly made addrelfjs by their Deputies , ta 
the King. It was then , buc too late ) that Ma'^x,ibdl^ clearly 
perceived the'wicked intentions of Ui Kouf'ierc's enemies, 
ivhofe Treachery he could not now fufficlently aggra^ 

The firft thina;theDakeof Ko??.?;^ did? when he came to Ca-^ 
ft^es 5 was to aflemble the two Culloqucs of Albig?ois and Lai^^ 
iagmis y to acquaint them with the refolutions of the lowec 
La/i-giicdoc 5 and the Sevmes , and to incite thctfi , by the others 
example, to choofe Deputies alfo for the General AfTcmblyi 
the like was alfo done by MoiUaiirbdii , Toix ^y and Ko'uergfi- • 
After this he endeavoured to compofe the. difference, betue.ri 
Chavagnac and Sain-t Germier., which was now grown into, fa 
formal a quarrel , that mutual challenges had paffed between 
them : But though Saint G rmier refufcd not to fubmit to a 
reconciliation , yet would he not condifcend to own Chavagriac^ 
as his Superiour in the Town of Cafircs : But on the contrary he 
profelfed publiquely , and in private, and even in the Council- 
Houfe, that he would opuofe him in all things , and in all pla- 
ces. This made the D-ike of Ko^^'W thmk of removing him in- 
to the lovver Languedoc I to v^/hich end he offered him a Troop 
of Horfe, and an honourable allowance to- himfelf and his re- 
tinue; but his Partifans, feeing that this tended to the diffipati-' 
on of their faftion, dilTwaded him from ic, promifing him with-" 
all J that if he could find out any way to evade 
that employment , they would make him Mafler of tKein 
Town. ^ .. 

The Duke alfo, finding the great fcarcity of Corn was in 
Caftres , to fupply that want , gets them to refolve to borrow 
ten thoufand Crowns to buy fome ; and offered them, during his 
abode there 5 fufficient Convoyes to condud it fafe thither ; 
Butfeeingthat could not be effcded , he feeks out fome other 
way to fupply the neceffities of the Town: And underffandmg 
that ;here was a great quantity ztSai?it: Amant ^ which lies in 
the Valley of Md'^mu j he daps a Petarde to the Town > an4 

Q. fey 

X 94 '^^^ {JiiemQires of the Vuke of Rohan Book IV. 

by that means enters it , and bcfiegeschc Caftle 5 whidi being 
hardly prefT^d? yielded alfo , and at three or four Convoyes,was 
thcLreaieft part of the Corn carried to CaUres : This exploit 
yvas pertormcdby Chavagnaci He fentalfo for more provifions 
to foinc of the Reli^iom "^hat living as Neuters 3 hoped by that 
tiieans tolecure thcmfclvcsagaiflift all pauies. 

He caufed Do?iarct the hrft Conful of Realmou > who was a 
^reat inftram.ncot the raking of the Town 5 to be tried, andex* 
Ccuted j but vv lib much difficulty, for that having married the 
J'rcfident Mdr/tefp'ieii\ Neece ( fuch perfons feldom wanting In- 
teiceflfours they were loth to pronounce a fcntence of 
De-ach againft him : After this,the Winter came on fo furioufly, 
that he could not proceed in his intended Dcfigne uponB/.?/^- 

Whi'csheftayed at CaUres ^ he alfo defeated two feveral ne- 
gotiations for particular Peaces: The firft was carried on by 
Vejan a native of Montauban , who having formerly bought 
the Office of Provofl: of the Town J which the Corporation op- 
pofed as a thing long before abolifhed , after a long fuit , and 2 
great expence of money he was faine to accept of what he had 
disburfed : This man being at the Courtj had frefli hopes given 
him of this Office , in cafe he could effeft any thing in this ne- 
gotiation : To this Lure he ftoops, and having his CommifHon 
difpatched, comes away with two Letters from G.7/^»^ 5 one for 
Montauha/i^ and another for C<7iTf/fj. At the firfl place he was 
refufed, andreferreatothe Duke of Kohan-^ and as for the fe- 
cond, he durfl not go direftly thither? but approaches as near 
it J as Bouquiere , which is about a League ffom it, and thence 
Writes to D/ipuy, to iet him know that he was very deiirous to 
fpeakwith him about a bufinefs of great importance j but he 
fenr him word again 5 That he could not do it, unlefshe would 
fJrft acquaint him with the nature of it : Whereupon he eflayes 
a fccond time to prevail with him 5 but in vain ; fo that not da- 
ring to come imo Cafires, he was fain to return again without 
any further fatisfaiflion : Thus his Voyage bringing no advan- 
tage to the Court, was norhing beneficial to himielf neither j 
lyho reaped no fruits at all of thofe many fair hopes were given 

The other was managed by the Bifhop of ^ who was 
fomcwhac more zeatous in it , as fhall be feen in another place ; 
but for the prefeht he difcovered himfelf thus fiTr ? and to the 
V>u\ico^ Kohiin too; th^tbeinga fervant to the Cardinal, fie 
ffiad received a Comraiffion to Treat with particcilar perfonsj arid 
Corporations^ either fcvcrallyj orcoii/unftively, and cfpeciaily 

Book IV. The CMemoires of the Duke of Viohin. 1^5 

with him; that if he would hearken tq him, he would procure 
him conditions, in which he ihould find what fatisfadion he 
could defircs but if he would hear of none but a general Trea"- 
ry , he muft not cxped fo good ; and fo openly did he difcover 
his purpofes, thutSalnt Michel Govanour<i( Montauba?i,(Qazr 
ingleft he lliould engage in a Treaty without his Privity, fentit 
Tcrvant of his own towards the Duke of Koban , to obferve whftC 
was done, that the intelligence hefhould receive of the tranC-? 
fidions there, might dired him how to fleer his courfe ; who 3 
when he favv that the Duke would notliflen to a Man not. im- 
powered by any Commiflion , nor admit of any clandeftine oc 
particular Treaty, difcovered himfeit , and told him, that he was 
ient to inform him from the Governour , that the Bifhop . had 
made fome overtures to him concerning a particular Treaty for 
Montauban. , but that he had rcjeded his Propofitions 5 ne« 
verthelefs if he "fiad any inclinations to a general Treaty?, ha 
was very well acquainted with him>and could do him much fervicc 
in it. . 

On the other fide, the Bifhop nothing fatisfied with Koharth 
anfwer; and rightly conjeduringj that his prefcnce would be 
injurious to his dcfign j refolves to have patience, untill his re- 
turn into the lower Langmdoc j that in his abfence he 
might the more effedually prevail upon the fever al Corpora- 

There remained nothing more now, than by a Providenc 
fore-fight, to prevent all inconveniencics? might intervene ac 
Cafiresy during his abfence : To this end he fettles in the Con- 
fulate perfons of great integrity , and no lefs fidelity to him/elf, 
banilhing from the Town three of the old Confuls, and foma 
others alfo, of whom he had great jcaloufic ; and placed there 
four Companies of Foot, for whofc fubfiftence he alfo proVi«» 
dcd : The bufinefs ,of Snint Gcrmier was the only thing he" 
could nor handfomely cleare , becaufc he had abfentcd himfejf 
from the Town > which obliged the Duke of Rohan to make aa, 
' Orderj prohibiting C/?.!^;^^^^^, and the Confuls^ to give hinl^ 
or any of his brothers, any admittance into it ; and, in cafe he 
came not in to them within the fpace of eight dayes » to Pcov 
claim him a deferter of his Party : He fent alfo a Company of 
Toot'mto Roqice-conrbe^ and another mio y^tarie -y forbidding 
them alfo to receive Saint Germie-^ and his orothers 5 and leaves 
three hundred Men, which he brought out of the lower Langue-^ 
dQCi/iTiSalm Amxnty where? for their maintenance* he allotted 
t^emchsirproporUonsoucof aparcof the Com was found 

iKerc. ' o . ' - '• 

O X When 

Ig6 The LMemoires ofihe T^uhe ^/Rohan. Book IV. 

When he had done this, he went wich the Deputies of the 

Genial AircmblytOAa.ds ^^if'/icsy where he faw the ftorm was 

like to fail, and where his prcfrnce would be moft ncccffary •, and 

conceiving; it alio i very convenient place for the General AfVern- 

.bly^madc no long delays after his arrival thcre^before he foim- 

cd It. 

The fiill and moft important affair that fell under their con- 
fide' itlon- wnstharor C.i[hc5: Saint Gcrmici; after the depar- 
.lure o" the Duke of i^^^-^^^ thence- animated by the Fugitives 
of Cd(i,'S^ and importuned by thofe of his Fa<ftion5 that were 
IcftintliC, • "lom ti'b Mother, and his Wife, whofc Sex 
priv;l:dc;cd iheii ftay there chcrifhed in their dlfcontCntSarefoIves ' 
to return thither agjain, and ind.^ed he himfclf was the fourfh 
man that came to the Gate,and meeting with no oppofition there, 
he goes up di' rftly to his quafiers, where thirty or forty perfons 
flocking to him, perfwade him to go out into the Market-place , 
alluring himjihat all the people v. ould joyn with him, Cbavag- 
naCy who was then at Chtirch, liavjng notice of his arrival , 
raifes hiS Garrifon, commands his own Troop to make ready, and 
refolves to charge hiP-i, uherevcr he fliould meet himj but his 
Lieutenant, /* Espiiguet, being very opportunely mounted with 
abouttwcnty of hismcn togoout uponaparty, hearing the A- 
larme, goes dircftly to the place where Saint Gcrmicr was , and 
without taking any other fiotice of him, charged him bravely j 
in which adion he received five wounds, and loft one of his 
men ; but he flew and wounded many of the others alio, whom 
he fo fcattered, and difperfed, that they had no more mind to 
rally again. Upon this rum^^ur, the Coniuls and Confiftory in- 
terpofe in thebufincfs, and inftead of detaining him prifonerjtoo 
charitably mediate for his quiet departure again : This is that 
which ufually ruines all publick aftairs, the indulgence llicwcn to 
offenders, under the goodly pretence of piety and ckfnency, 
;which in other mens matters every one cries out for> 
when astheir.own particular intcrcfts will not endure to hear theai 

This mild comportment of theirs towards Saint Gcrmicr y 
inftead of pacifying^, renders him more haughty than bcfore,puf- 
fins; him up with a vain opinion, that this courtefic was an effe(5t 
of their fear; fo that encouraged by his followers, and by the 
affiftance of many Thieves, and Villains, that had ftieltered 
ihemlelves in Tyoqiie-Coiribe^ begets into it, drives out the Gar-, 
rifon, and makes lilmfelf Mafter of the place j the Affembly 
G^;n!;ral fore-feeing the evil corfequences this Would pro- 
duce? feat a Deputy to Ca^cSj with order to communicate his' 


Book IV. The LZiemolres QftheDnke ^/Rohan^ Tp7 

Commiflion to Chavagnac^ and thf^ Council of theProvIncc^ 
and to endeavour to compofe tli^s difference, by fubmitting it to 
the determ'nition of Arbitrators; to the end they might not 
provoke S^iirf: Germhr to ^Ive away the Town; which being now 
in hi* pofl'cfljon, he laughed at all mentions of an Accommoda- 
tion ; fo that the Deputy at his return ireporced to the Aifembly,. 
that all he had been able to do, was to confirm Roqtie-Coarbe in 
their rcfolutions for the Reformed party, which '-they had anew 
engaged themfelves by Oath, never to relinquifh 5 but that for 
the prefent it was impoffible to difpofTefs S.iim Germi:r of it; • 
bur yet that there was great probability that a little patience >. 
togetherwith his imprudence, would give them v.'hat they aimed 
at; and in effed, afe-.vdayesafcer, when he urged the Inhabi- 
tants to declare for the King? who knew well they mufi men fub- 
mittoa 7{^>mifl) (larrifon," they turned many of hisFaftion out' 
of the Town, which fo terrified him, that thinking himfclf no 
longer fccure there, he leaves the place alfo,and go:s with thciit- 
to Cam J a houfe not far from it; which when Chavagn.u hade 
intelligence of, he befieges? and takeshim, and one of his bro- 
thers, with fifteen, orfixteen others, half i??o^^7zJ/?j-, and half 
of the Reform* d Religions whom he fent to the Duke of 'R.'}h.ra ; 
And yzx. after fuch aftions as thcfc, found he many Aav^ocarcs > 
who deemed it too great a fevdrity to detain him prifoner, r II the 
peace, and fe:med alfo much difcontented that his whole equi- 
page was not reftored him, and a Troop of Horfe given him, that 
he might ferve the party as formerly, and this was the conclu/icn 
of this affair. 

And now the Blfliop of Mmde renewes the puvfuit of his 
^efign, with an E'Xay upon Mont:^uban-, to which end he fcnt 
thither Vicrcsy a Gentleman of •l^''>a , who feigned himfel€ 
to be of the Religion, and wrote to the Town to this effeAa than 
being now going with the Kings Pafs-port to wait uprn the D>ikc 
<)f Rohan., with fome proposals tending to the general advartipe 
cf them all, he would not proceed in his journey before he had 
acquainted them with them, which if they pleafed to receive froni 
hjs Relation 3 he was confident they would approve of 

It was Hot thought fit to admit him into the Town,for fear of 
the danger might enfue; but yet the natural curiofity of the 
Vrmcht at fuch a time, when every one breathed nothing bur de^ 
fires of a peace ; made them very foUicItous to know what he 
had to fay : Wherefore they fent four Commlffioners to receive 
hisraelfage, whom he told, that being of the Religion himfelf, 
he could not but be very zealous for the general welfare of thciv 


1^8 The Mf moires of the P;/ib!^/Rohan'. Book IV. 

*ny, and that the B.fliop of M'nde having full power to treat » 
•c was going from him, to the Duke of Kohan, and the general 
jAflembJy, with fome propolitions to that purpofc ; which , that 
they might be the better refl'cntcd, and that their Town might aU 
fo have their part of the thanks, and benefit thence accruing, he 
advifcd them to fend th;chu lome Deputies alfo, oflicring the 
Kings Pafsfor their fafiicondud s ^^'hen this was reported to the 
Common- Council of the Town, they approved ot the advice y 
and prefvntly made choice of Come Deputies, of which they alfo 
advertifcd the Aflferably. 

^ The Duke" of Rohan, had great jcaloulies of this Vieresy 
fvhomhehadalongtimeknownfor a notable cheat j ncverthe- 
lefs, with great impatience was this Addrefscxpcdcd 5 the report 
of which being generally divulged, fufpended'all other thoughts, 
every one hoping to derive fom. advantage from it 5 three weeks 
paflTed without any further mention of itjat length came a difpatch 
the Bifliop, that he could not obtain the Pafs- ports promifcd by 
V'leres j but that if they pleafed to lend their Deputies to 
perfwade the General AfTcmbly to accept of fuch a peace, as the 
King (hould vouchfafe ■ to accord them, and in cafe they refufed 
to comply, that they thcmfelves wercrefolvcd tofubmit to his 
pleafure, he vvo'.iid engage himfclf for the fafc conduft of theif 
Deputies; This dlfcovcred the whole fallacy to the Town, and 
made them rcfolve anew to remit all propofirions for peace to the 
General Airerably, which ihey exadly obfervjd in that, made 
themby theMarfhal de /;z Ffl?Tc, to this cfFcd, that tlie Kjig was 
refolvcd not to iflue out any Declaration for a general peace ; 
jieverthclefsjif they would Treat every one particularly, the King 
admitting of all fuch Treaties, and r;tuii. g a peace to noTovvif, 
it would at lall infnfibly prove a general one. 

■ When this bufincfs of Mgntaiib^An. wascver,came averyur- 
'^cnt difpatch from VivarctTj^ grounded upon this occafion, that 
the Army which lay before Kochclle -, afcer the raking of the' 
Town, went under the command of To >^ into rfuvirgnc , to 
refrelli themfclves, and that they were now upon a March to-' 
Ivards the upper f'^z/^^'fi'c;^, togo thcnceio P^aUnce in Dauph'mej 
there to wait the arrival of the K:ng;this their fo near approachj 
gave the whole Coutitrey a hot Alarmc ; cfpecially Sojofi'^^ 
^6/hich ChezuHles about fix Moneths before had feizcd , and for- 
tified J fo that with great inftancy they demanded a fuppjy both 
of men and amm' nition. The lovver Langnedoc furnifhed' 
ihem w ith fifteen hundred men, the command of which was given 
jby the Duke of Kohan to Saint An'l\c de Morubifnt as his field' 
•i; ../..,- . . :' ■ Waiihalji 

Book IV. The CMemolres of the Duke of Rohan. i9 9 

Mirflialj with whom were alfo fent the Horfe belonging to Caf- 
fu^fte, who about three msneths beforejwas taken prifoner 5 to 
whom in this place I muft give his merited honourj publifhing to 
the World with what generofity he with-ftood both the Menaces? 
and Flatteries of the Court j forj he being the firft Coflful of 
Niffncx, and of great authority, and reputation there 5 they ho- 
ped by his means to raife a powerful fadion there, and wholly 
take off that Town from their adherence to the Reformed 

Bur to return to thofe of Vivaret^;, all whofe fears the King's 
Army having tranfported with them over the Rhone into Dauphiney 
they counrerm^nd the Troops were coming to their aflTiftance , 
which turned lo their great prejudice ; for that being now a bur- 
then to the Duke o'i Kohan.^ who knew not yet well how to dif- 
pofe of them, he was feign to feek out fome employment for 
them, between Vha.ret'::^ and the Sevenes-, and to this end he 
fent Sd?i.t Andre orders to make an attempt upon Saint ^ohn de 
f^alle-F', ancifqm j and for the ipore convenient profecuting of a 
defign upon f^illeforte or ?ojlcsyto fecure Genovillac^^nd Chanu 
bcrigmd j he begins with Saint ^ohriy which he takes, as alfo 
the Fort of Chimberigand, and feme other places, which were 
like to incommode him, and then takes up his quarters at Gcno'^ 
ziillac 5 whence he marches with intention to block up F;//f- 
fgrt ; but finding the Maiquefs de Fortes upon the way with a 
greater power than his, ready to difpute the palTages with him ; 
he forces him fiom them, ani fo advances to V'llle-fon, thinking 
to have lodged his men in the Suburbs 5 but being not able to ef- 
feft it, he retires to GmovilUCj and Sain-t Germain^^nd thence 
informs the Duke of Rohan, that his men would leave all their 
Colours, unleis they were dra-wn off thence; whereupon he gives 
orders for their quartering at Saint Amhro'ix, Bxrjacy ^tz/o«, and 
la. Gorce-y that they might be in a readinels to march to Frivasy 
upon any occafion Ihould fummon them thither. 

In the mean time came to bira new alTurances from England, 
that he (hould never be deferted, nor any peace made, without 
comprifing the .vhole body of thofc of the Religion in France 
in general, and his Faroily m vaij^Icular j encouraging him alfo 
to a conftancy in his refoiution, and not to be difmayed at the 
lofs of RachcUc: Prince Thor:\s alfo of Savoy fent a Gentle- 
man to him, to let him knovv, that if he continued in his former 
humour, and would advance towards him, he would give the 
King a handfume diverlion in Dau-phinSy and meet bim upon the 
RhQfie with ten thoufand Fooc> and a thoufand Horfe 5 to whom 
he replie^i ^Jixt he was n?.v in a better humour tha,n ever, and 
' ^' ■■ - ■■'■ 0.4 rcaiy 

2.00 ThMemo'resof the VpiJ^ of Rohzn. BooklV. 
yeady to march upon the fi ft funimons h^ ihould receive from 

' 'T le in the mean time go:s x:owiivdsD.mph'me,hut becaufe 
the plague was at Lyo^s Lodges at V"icn<ii ^ and a})pO)nts the 
Rendcz-vous to be at Grcmblc, where preparation was alfo made 
of all things necelTdry tor the relief and viftuaUing of Ca'^al-^ the 
jjealouficsthefc preparatives railed in the Duke of Savoy ^ made 
him look about him in fevcral quarters , there being an Army in 
Province ready to fall upon A'-Cf ; another in BuJJhi to keep 5^- 
I'oy in awe, and the King h'mfclf marching \\ith the third to 
the ftreights of Safa, which isthe K.y of P/e^^^o^/' ; fo that the 
Duke was fain to divide his Forces, that he might be ready to de- 
fend himfeif in any parr where the ftorm fliould fall, and to call 
in the Span'' fit Forces to affiil him in the defence of- 

The prefent ftatc of affiirs, gav^ great probabilities that the 
King would now have employments enough to divert him a 'ong 
timefrom looking after thofe of the Religion ; and upon occafi- 
cn of fome repoitsdifperfedamung the people of N\(m -f, that if 
they had any inclinations to fue for a peace, all necelTary Pafs- j 
portsfor their fafecondu6t fliouldbe given them; the Aflem.bly 
took care to enquire after the Authours, and tiutli of thefe Ru- 
itiours ; but findlne; them to be all firt ions, and the inventions 
of fome Counfelloursof the Prciidialof Nfmcs, or of fome of 
the Inhabitants that had been expulfed the Town ; or of foirre of 
'Aigii'CmorteSy fome of them fet on by the Duke of Moritmore^icy , 
Othersby the Maiquefsof ^uremrs, out of an intention to ruine 
them, by fo\« ing div'fions among th mj rather than to procure 
them any good ■■, the >\lK;mbly m.ulf a Dccreejthat all pcrfons that 
had any propofa'sor ovjrtures to make for a peace, fliould fi.ft 
ferJng them to th Affemblyjthat the) might be examined bythcmj 
and improved to their advantage ; expr^flely prohibiting alfo all 
perfonsfrom fuchclandcftincj andmalicious buzzing of reports 
among the peopL', to take ch .m otf from proceedingin the Forti- 
fications they '.vcre then upon. 

And next they fell upon theconfideration of a courfe to procure 
afiim andlafting peace; whereupon they laid down this for an in- 
fallible ground, that it could not be fuch, unlefs it Were made 
conjoyntly with the King of £/^^/^;?^ j neither cculd he him-i 
felf procure any upon (o good terms, without a previous dlfcent 
into FrarLcei whither he was nowmvited by fo many confiderable , 
chncriicncies to favour him in the enterprife j the King being now 
At the other end of his Kingdom v/ich his bcft Forcesjprofecuting 
a dc/ignawas to be executed without it^ whtre he iliould have to 

■ •. ' oppoic 

Book IV. The Menioires of the Dnke of Kohzn. loY 

oppofehlm, the Forces of cheEmpcrourj the King of SpaifZy^nd 
the Duke of Savoy. To this cffeft a letter was written to him in 
the name of the Aflembly, and the Duke of Roban, befeeching 
him to embrace this offered opporrunity, and confirming the pro- 
tcftations formerly made by thofe of the Religion in France, noc 
to engacre inanyTreatyi butconjoyntly wirh him : And for as 
mu:hascheir want of money was great, and that without fomc 
Forrain afllftance, it was impoflible to keep their men togethcr> 
or advance their Fortifications, the Duke of Roh,rn was follici- 
ted to write to Chttfel, that they could no longer fubfift withouf 
afupplyof mon§y> and that he fhould let the ^^^^-z^^iizr^i know, 
that the peace of France could be no longer prevented, without a 
fudden recruit. It was alfo refolved, that they fliould endeavour 
to procure fome private Pafs- ports, that they might with more 
fecurity fend into England ; up'on afTurance to be given to dif- 
pofe all things to a peace : Die Cres ot Montpdlier , who , with 
the confent of the Marqucfs de Foffe, came to give the Duke of 
Kohm a vifit, returned from him with the fame promife, which 
was alfo confirmed by the whole Afl'embly. 

Thus were they careful not to omit any thing that tended er- 

ther to their own defence, or the procuring of a peace, even at 

fuch a time, when they had fairer hopes of goo^) fuccefs in their 

aft airs than evcrj but Godj, who had otherwife determined of 

them, blafted all their projeds : For the King, who left not 

Vans-, to goto the relief of Ca':{aly till he had privately gotten an 

afTurance out of England, which freed him from the fear of any 

invafion thence? whil'ft he was engaged in that expedition, and 

made him confident of a peace with that Nation5 excluding the 

Reformed Party, would not admit of anyaddreffes from them, 

fearing left they might prevail fo far upon him, as to induce him 

to alter his determinations concerning them : To which may be 

added, that furprizing his enemies by a nimble march, in the 

dead of Winter, he eafily gained the ftraits of Siefa, and imme- 

diatly after the Town alfo ; which brought fo great & ter j our on 

them all, that VonGan^^ales raifed his fiege from before Ca\al^ 

the Duke of Savoy alfo, to pvtwcnt thz \q(s o( Fkdmont , folli- 

cited for a peace, by which he was obliged to re-vi<5tual Cu'^al. 

The King, that he might himfelf witnefs the performance of all 

Conventions, remained about a moneth longer in that Coun* 

trey; And then leaving Tciras with four thoufand Fcct,and five 

hundred Horfe in Montfirrat , and the Marfha' Creqid with 

the like number at Suja^ bent all his thoughts, and the rcfl of 

his Forces upon the War in J-ang-ieetCy in order to which he 

commanded the Marfhal Schomberg to advance before to Faience^ 

k ■ • ■ tc 

W2 ThMemolrifof the Dfiil^e of ^ohni. Book IV.' 

to receive the Forces that were coming out o^BicJJia^ and the 
parts about •Ly')«x> to caufe the Train, and all other neceflarie? 
to be made ready, and to conclude a Treaty already begun with 
Chevfilles concerning Vivuret\: To the Duke of ^ 
he fent Orders to befiege Sojon-y to the Duke of Guifcy that he 
fhould deliver up his Army to the Marlhal d* EflreCy who had a 
Comniiflion to march with it into the lower LjinguedoCyto ravage 
the Countrey about Nifmes ; not long after the King comes in 
perfonto V-Ucnce with afew Horfeonly, and a few dayes after, 
the Cardinal arrives alfo with the reft of the Army , out of 
which were dravn fifteen hundred Horfe, and fent under the 
command of the Duke of Trimoiiillc, to joyn with theMirlhal d* 

In the interim of thefe preparations the £?t-glijb Imbafia- 
«ioiir than refiding at ThuriHi gave the Duke of Rohan, notice of 
the peace concluded there 5 but that it was not like to be of any 
long continuance ; that the Army was now marching towards 
him, but in fo tattered a condition> that if he could but ftand 
the firft (hock, he would foon find fuch diverfions made,as would 
be much to his advantage. Claiifd encouraged him yet much 
more with promifes of a fudden Supply both of Arms and Money, 
2^ifm2s-, and Almxygims wc^ntbucflowly onln their Fortificati- 
ons^ Vfi\ a little better i but yet no Town would give quarter 
to any Souldiers, till they were upon the point of bsins; beiiegcd; 
which drove the Duke of Rohm to his ufual way of off .ring to 
each particular Town to pull out for them, the Thorn,that pricked 
them : And firft he addreffjs himfelf to S.iuv?y with over-tures 
of an attempt upon CorjoMe, whither he goes j but findes it a 
matter of greater difficulty, rhan his information had given him 
caufe to apprehend ; for havint^ bartered their Works, the Walls 
were not to be fcaled, but with Ladders of a very great length 5 , 
fothat thofehc hid brought with him proving too Ihort, he 
was neceflitated to make all new again; which gave the Mar- 
fhal d* ESfree, .( urged by the Marquefs de foffc ) leafure to 
march to the relief of ic with C\yi thouland Foot, and four hun- 
dred Horfe 5 whereupon the Duke drew off again to Smvc; and 
the next day being defirousco view the Marfhil's Array as ic 
marched, and who then took up their quarters at Sommierts ^ it 
was demonftrated to him, that he could not get back again to 
SamGilles, but he mufl: pafs the l^islre neart® Aim.rrg/ees ; or- 
the GardoHy if he intended to go for yivaret':-^ as it was repor- 
ted he did, at both which places he might with eafe be difcove- 
rcd, and with advantage fought with : The Duke,that he might 
not lofe this opportunityj writes to r/e-^ for fome more Forces, 


Jook IV. TheMemtnsoftheDftkeofKoliinl '20} 

aind fends Anbais to Ni fines for the (ame purpofeiI.e/"^«fX gocita 
■Aitdii'^e for others > accompanied by Goudin , and M Baume^ 
he fent alfoto Saint Hippdyte^ and the neighbouring Garrifons 
for more ALixiliarles, appointing his general Rendcz-vous to be 
at Vauvage\ and he himfelf fcts put by break of day with t<ro 
thoufand Foor> and fourfcore Horfe, to fecurc Canijfon^ a large > 
but unfenced Town, whence he might be fure to take his advan- 
tage which way foever the Marftial fhould take 3 but whether it 
was that he had the fame defign upon Camffon 5 or that he had 
intelligence of the Dukes marching thither with fo faiall a Forces 
he found him alfoupon his march from Sommieres towftrds Caiiif^ 
fon.y reverthelefs the Duke having the advantage of thewa]r> 
goeson direftly totheTown? and there began to fecure the a- 
venewcs of it with his Van, that the reft, ( confidering he was 
purfued by an Army twice ftronger than his ownj might in gooi 
order pofTcfs themfelves of the Town; but the extream heat of 
the day? and fame of the good Wincj wherewith that place a- 
bounded, had already drawn thither the greatcft part of his Of- 
ficers, fo that it was impoffible for him to govern them ; when on 
^ fudden he heard many Mufquets in hisKear, which was then 
skirmiflilnf with five hundred Mufquetiers, which the Mar^al 
had fent before to try if they could break it; whil'ft he^ with 
the reft of his Army flayed upon a little H'!l which gave him a 
view of all the Countrey, and what was done even in Caniffon 
it felfj whence perceiving the great and general confufion there, 
he gave Orders for a general aflault ; Tht Duke of Rohan com- 
manded Montredon to rally his men, together with Carlincas, 
JInfignof his Guards; ^-hries he himfelf draws out a hundred 
of his own Guard, whom he led up to the Caftle of Caniffon , 
which being feated on a lirtle Hill> commands the Town, and 
circumjacent quarters, fo that ir isnoteafily affaultable on any 
iJde, enjoyning them ftriftly to look well to the defence of that 
place. This done, he goes round the Town, which he begins to 
i'ortifiewith ftr ong Barricadoes ; juft as he had finiftied his cir- 
cuit, he meets with Leques-, Coudin^ and la Baume , and tells 
them that of neceflity they muft refolve to defend the out-places, 
lintill the Barricadoes were finiftied : Ltques undertook the af- 
fair, goes to the head of his men, and feeing that the Souldi- 
ers that were in the Caftle, had quitted it, haftes thither with o- 
thers,whom he placed in their rooms ; andfo eagerly difputcd he 
his poft without the Townjthat wh .n he would have retreated thi- 
ther, he found the enemy had intercepted his paflage, fo that he 
was fain to take the Fiele : La Baume was alio ferved in the like 
|ind€j as for Goiidin^ the Duke would net fuifer him ^ byrea- 

204 ThcC^emolres of the D;ike ^/Rohan. _ Book I Y. 

Ton of his \ioiind, to fhiic hlmfclf up in the Town; but when 
he had taken the bcfl: courfc he could to prcfcrve his Foot , he 
drew off withhisHorfeto 'N'lfmcs tohaftcn away the relief he 
had before fent thither to prepare. 

in the mean while Montredsn, the Major General, /^ Boif.. 
pere, a,nd ^/^\o»j after they had from poft to poft, difputed the 
out-quarter$, retreated into Cam'Jfoff-y where they had no fooner 
taken their fcvoral pofts to defend, but they received a general 
and furious aflault ; but necefllty animating the Defendants , 
flicy bravely repulfed the AlFailants ; and whiles they looked on, 
p€rfe<^ed their Barricadoes ; then got the enemy into fome hou- 
fes, which they began to break through, thinking by that way to 
openthemfelves a paflage into the Townjbut they were foon fired 
• from that attempt j this ftorm lafted from Noon till Night ; the 
Officers within behaved themfelves with much gallantry, both in 
rallying, and encouraging their men i but Montredo}t,U EoiffierCy 
and AU%pn.y who commanded in chief, got moft honour in this 
aftionj both panics had their inconvenrencies ; thofc within 
V anted ammunition, thofe without provifions ; fo that, that very 
night -^he Marfhal d* Efiree, offered the befieged a Parley, which 
they reje(5tcd, telling him withali, that they ftiould foon fee the 
Duke cf Rohan there with frefli Forces, to make them remove 
farther off, and indeed that night had he fent two thouland men 
of Nifmc^i under the command of Aubais^ togetasneir Cmif- 
fon aspoQ'ible, and to let the bdkged know, that he was now 
come fo far to their affiftance ; but he returned again, without 
giving them any notice of his arrival, either by MeflTenger, or o- 
ther hgnal made, as he was exprefly commanded ; none daring to 
adventure on the employment ; and indeed, fo ftraitly \ ere they 
inverted, that it was impoilibic for any one to get in to them ^ 
this much troubled the Duke, who having refrefhed his Troops , 
refolved to go thither in perfom and either fave his men, or lofe 
himfe-lf : To which end he fent Lcqi/es Orders to have the Gar-. 
rKon oi A'mnrgue^ inareadinefstojoyn with him; but whirft 
he was preparing for their relief, came newes to him of the capi- 
tulation, which was made upon thefetermes. That thebeficgeJ 
ihould with all fecurity march off to the Sevenes ; that the Mar- 
Hial d' EHre'Cy (hould not enter the Town of Caniffo:i with his 
Army ; but that the faid Army fliould be drawn up in Battailla,at 
a great diftance from the way they were to pafs; that the wound- 
ed of both fides, which could not be carried off, {hould with all 
fafety remain in the Town; and that for the performance ofthefe 
Articles, Hoftages fliould l?e mutually given a all which vvaspui)-, 
ftually obferveaon both paris.3 of the party of thofe of the Re- 
. , Ugion 

Book IV. The (JMenwlres of the Duke of Rohanl 56^ 
llgion were (lalrl about fifty or fixty, and above double the num-»' 
bcr wounded: oii\\t Komamfs were there four hundred flairiiaikl 
eight hundred woundgd. 

This was the ifliie of this aft Ion> in which the Duke of KO' 
han. was very like to have received a check, would have proved 
fatal both to hittifelf 5 and his Party too : But now imagi,ning 
thai it was not without caufe that the Marflial fo earneftly pur- 
fued this deiign 5 but that his Forces were intended for the 
Counrrty about h'ifmrs ) he conceived he would again pals 
the Vifb-e v\^iki Aimargues ^ that he might the fooner" recover 
his quarters at Saint GiUes , which made him de/irous yet once 
more to fee him ; for which purpofe he took two thoufand of the 
Foot of Nifmc.^ , and his Horfe , with whom he came to Aimar^ 
guesj the next day he drew them up in a place between Almar- 
gue^ and the Pafs , with intcnrjon to charge him when he (hould 
behalf overs which the Marfhal having notice of , he changed 
both his defign 3 and road, and lengthning his way a dayes 
journey, pafled the River at i^'g//e/»oy^^yj and the Duke retur- 
ned to Nifmcs : And feeing the preparations were making on 
all hands for the invafionof the lower Languedoc y and the 52- 
vcnes , he got the Towns of the lower Languedoc to receive their 
Garifonsj alTignes the Regiments of Gm^/«, Fourniquet , and 
Bon.2l, to N'lfmes ; thofe of l.i Baime and Faulgcres for Hfe-s^ j 
and that of Sandres (or Aim^irgiies -, After this, and the taking 
of the Fort of Sojon by the Duke of Mmtmorency y which coS 
him biit three dayes time , though ChevriHes had promifed to 
hold it out three weeks, the having learnt the 
particularsof the Treaty for Vivaret\y made by C/^ex-ri //ex with 
• the Keeper of the fcals for twenty thoufand Crowns ; he thcijghc 
it now high time to look aVtcr the fecuring of it s and fent Saint 
Andre de Monthrun with five hundred Foot , and fome oi Caf* 
fagni's Horfe , to Privas , whither he got ve:y happ,ly , having 
defeated Montreal and/' Ejlrangc , who waited for him at fome 
untoward palT^s in his way , with a fane greater ftrength than 
his- At his arrival there, he found the C' nfuls with the Com- 
mon Council aflfembledatthe Town Houfej whoiold him thac 
indeed chey had formerly wilhed for his company, but that ac 
prefent, they having no need of any Souldiers , it would be buc 
aburtfiento themj and yet, that they might with the bettcc 
grace refufe to admit his pat-ty into their Town , promifed to 
quarter them in the Villages that lay thereabouts 5 which Saind 
Andre perceiving, wasthe riiorerefolute to quarter in the Town; 
Chevrilbs who was then az Cheyla y was fent for in all hafle , 
■ and coming thither the oext day with thofe of his Fadion, he 

jo^ The LM^moirei of the Dftki of Koh^n. Book IV 

prefemly affembles theCouncilof the Province, and of the 
Xowo too 1 to perfwade chcm to rcqueft Saint Andre to return 
again > and that in cafe their intreatics were inefFeftual , to in- 
<iuce him to it by the ill ufage of his Men : which Saint Andri 
having notice of , he goes in to the Aifcmbly , and there de- 
clares that he wasfcnt thither p by the command of the Duke of 
t^ohan, who only had power to recall him againe, and that 
ivhatcver their determinations fliould be, he would not fline 
)» foot thence without his Order: When Chcvrilles faw him- 
felf thus fallen from his hopes , he tells Sjint Andrg'^ that in 
cafe the Town fliould be befieged, he would do them better 
fcrvicc without than within the place y that he would raife fif- 
ceen hundred men, and would put as many of them into it, as be 
fhould think neceflary,and with the reft would forrage arid cut off 
the provifions from the King's Army. 

His propofition was well approved of , and on the morrow 
he departs : And not Idng after were there three Barques laden 
with Salt taken upon the Kw;25 : Saint ^/i^re hafts thither, but 
came not time enough, for that fome Frigotshad already forced 
thofc that had taken them to quit their Prize .* Neverthele is in 
this excurfion he learnt that the King was come to Valence but 
with a fmall guard , believing, upon the information heliadre- 
Ceivc4 concerning that particular from the Keeper of the Seals > 
that the Treaty of ^i^'^r^^^ was abfolutely concluded 3 but thac 
finding that the coming of Saint Andrd thither had altered the 
whole face of things there > he was now preparing for the Siege 
0^'Privas , which was to be blocked up within four or five dayes* 
Large offers was he tempted with, even to the value of an hun- 
<dred thoufand Crowns > but his generous refufal of them fliewe4 
him to be a perfon full of honour and fidelity: Ac his return 
to Frivoi he makes them all refolve to abide a fiege , , engaging 
them alfo by an Oath, that the firft man> that ftiould but menti- 
on a Capitulation 3 fhould be put to death • Then he affignes 
to every one their refpedive pofts ; and Orders the repairing of 
the out-works , to which* before his coming» nothing at all had 
been done ; nor yet could he begin them > but the very day be- 
fore the Town was invefted , and yet fuch diligence ufed he iii 
it, thatfonac of them were made very defeiifiblej and held ouc 

The fiege was fcarce begun » when the Catdinal Came up 

with the reft of the Array thac ilayed behind at Sf^fn : He pref- 

fes Chevrilles to the performance of his engagement ; who that he 

might not wholly lofe the recompence of hisTrcafonjdcflrcsto have 

» p V t in the honor of the Siegcjoffcring to bring in wich him , i f^ 


Book IV. The Memoir es of the 1>uke of Rofaaal 2o J 

hundred men J his offer was accepted, and he comes in^ but all 
alone : The next day came a Trumpet from the King ( accom- 
panie(^. with Argcncotcrt ) to fummonthe place : ChevriUesy who 
tailed not to be at the place 3 whither the Trumpet was to comcj 
fcnt one of his Captains to know what he had to fay , which 
when S^tmt Andre was informed of , he hafted thither with all 
diligence, and fent him back again without any anfwer at allt 
Whereupon Chevrillcs feeing him refolved not to give theia 
time to deliberate 3 whether they (hould hearken to a Capitula-. 
tion, or no » leaves them again the fecond time , carrying witb 
h im as many men as he could , and was alwayes the occafion thac 
the Souldiersof Boiittieres went not thither to their afliftanccj 
amufing them ftill with promifes to conduft them thither time 
en®ugh, by this meancs ruining the endeavours of thofc whom 
Splint ^»^/e had fcDt thither purpofcly to invite them to Acic, 

.. He was no fooner gone, but Bmnel of AndnT^ , who com- 
manded five Companies of the Jf'Z^fWfr, confederating with the 
other Poltrons and Traitours , frames a confpiracy to kill Samt 
Andre in cafe he fhould rcfufe to furrender the place ; and fe- 
condcd by fome of his Faftion, threatens to give him up , if he 
denied to comply with them : Whereupon it was thoughc 
fie by the Council ,that he (hould have a conference with Gordcr^ 
which he had > but they could not agree upon the con- 

After that the Cardinal was come up to them, they more 
clofely blocked up the place on every fide, made their approa-- 
ches and batteries , and then e;ave it an aflault, from whkJi 
they were bravely beaten off with the lofs of many of their 
men > yet did this ftorm fo terrific the befieged , that they in* 
ftantly urge Same Andre' to give Cordes another meeting : Buc 
in his room was fubftituted , and fent P'cnnes a Captain in the 
Ke^imcnt of the Guards, wh® offered him very honourable terras 
forhirnfelf, and the Souldicrs , but nothing at all for the Inha- 
bitants i all which he refufed, protefting that he would never 
defertthcm: When Sam Andre ^ at his return, gave the peo- 
ple of the Town an account of the interview , it flruck fo great a 
tcrrour into them , together with thofe Qi Vtviim\, that they 
all quit the Town , and tiie to Bomleres , leaving Sam Aftdt'i 
with five hundred men only to defend a place, which was not to 
be maintained under twothoufand. In this extremity he con- 
ceives it bis beft courfc to draw off to the Fort of Toulon 3 where 
he might Treat with more fecurity j it being impoflTible to force 
him there in any ihorctime> ©rvY«houc thcbfsofa great num- 

5o8 The LMemoires of the DukeofRohm. Book IV, 

ber of Men : About break of day Dcffiat, Gordes , and Venues , 
dcfire a conference with himj which he condifccndcd to; at 
which they make him no larger offers than of his own life only > 
in cafe he would abandon his Souldiers? which he gcneroufly re- 
)z^zdi3 and returned to embrace the fame fortune with them: 
When they faw this ma,de not any impreflion on him , they fum- 
. moned him once more tofpndfomeof his Officers to them with 
his final refolution : Bruml of Dauphlnc offering himfelf for 
this employment 3 was accepted of; three journeys made he to 
them , in which time being corrupted by the enemy 3 he returns 
from the laft with an affurance of all their lives; but adding 
withall, that they would not give any thing under their hands, 
VLVnWl Saint Andre, withfomeof his Captains had caft them- 
felvcsattKe King's feet to implore his pardon; and moreover 
that the Count of So'Jfon^i who was to prefenthim to his Maje- 
fty, had given him a flri(ft charge to tell him, that he fhonid 
hafle to him with all fpeed , that he mufl not now lofe any time ; 
and that he did with much impatience wait for him : Where- 
upon he affembles hi^ Captains , who all ear^eftly importune 
..him to go; which when he fcrupled at, they break out into o- 
pcn reproaches againft him , charging him with having enfna- 
red them in a danger from which he would not endeavour to free 
them : Forced by their inveftives, he goes out with five Ca- 
ptains 5 Sam Preuil and FonriUe condud him into Sajnt Si- 
mon's Chamber , where, the Cardinal coming to him, told 
,him, that fince he was come forth, without any parole given 
him J he was nowaPrifoner: Then was he forced to write to 
thofe in the Fort , to advife them to yield at diferetlon, and that 
they fhould receive the fame ufage he di^l ; who, refuting to cre- 
dit thofe Letters ? or Brunei, who wasfent with them , defire to 
fee Saint Andre , who was conduced up to the F©rt with a 
ftrong guard : As foon as they faw him, they imagined them- 
felvesfureof their lives, and thereupon refolvcd to give up the 
Fort : Thofe that firfl entrcd it , fired fome barrels of powder j 
purpofely to colour the cruelty they were commanded to execute 
ypon thofe that v/cre in it : S^nnt Andre and his Captains were 
kept Prifoncrs : Thus were moft that were in the Fort betrayed 
to their deftrudion ; fome of the Prifoners being hanged, and o- 
thcrs fent to the Gallies. 

I have related the particulars of this affair, to let the world 

fee how that the pcrfidie of ChcvrilUs , the two Brunels , and of 

. the moft confiderablc pcrfons in Vrivas occafioncdthc miferablc 

dcftruftion of their Town 5 and a great part of the Inhabitants, 

ruined the relief of Lan^ndoc 3 and fruftrated thofe of the Rs- 


JBook IV. The UMemotres ofileDnke ':;/Rohan.^ ioj 

Ji2;ionof anopportunicy CO obtain a very advantageous Peace ■>* 
vxhichi, fince rhe publication of that with Eagivid (^ which wa^ 
made dunni.T this Sle^. ) they had entred on a Treaty upon with 
the Marq'.iefs de Fcjj^e, who was to that end impowered by the 
King's CommifTion : But the taking of this place, as little 
dreamt of by the Koma/iiji^ , as thofe of the Religion ( conflder- 
ing their brave refiflancc at the beginning of the Siege) quite 
ruined that affair: For E>/^ C.o^ had procured conference be- 
tween /^/^^^-z/^j 'Diipuy, and Luca:j. , Deputies of the AflembJy 
general, with the faid Marquefs^ and although at their firft in- 
teiviewjhe refufcd to proceed , unlefs they would recede from 
their demands , concerning the demolition of the fortifications 5 With more advantage might they have Treated, while the 
King was further off, and Vr'ivas held out , than when he 
Ihould come into ^tSevcyics -, and there difcover the Fadions^ 
\veakneffcs,barener5,andTreacherics,thac were too frequent among 
ihofe of the Religion. 

The lofs cf P/^i^-'7^5 from whence was cxpe<5led a longer op- 
portion, flirptlz.ed the whole Party with terrour and amazement^ 
and put the Dukeof K<?';a« in mind, that It was now high timd 
to go to the Scvcncs , to take Order for the fecurity of that Pro- 
vince 5 and to oppofe the firft attempts that fhould be made up* 
on it : This Voyage was hitherto retarded by his fear to leave 
Isifmes ( which many endeavoured to feduce from its fidelity^ 
till he had fupplied it with Souldiers , which , untill compelled 
b y necc{licy,they would not receive ; and wichall by reafon that 
having; refolved loX^QiytLtques thereto command in chiefs in 
cafe it ihould be befieged , he durfl not difcover his intentions 
in that particular too (00a , becaufe he knew that Aubais aimed 
at the fame command 5 and that he endeavoured by fecrct pra- 
dices to render Lcqiies odious to the people , and make himfelf 
to be dcfiredby them ; In the like perplexity was he for Ufe-^y 
v/hcrz G on dra ambitioned the Government 3 but was abfolutcly 
refuf^A by the Inhabitants: Nevcrthelefs, at length he fets ouc 
from N'ijmes , goes to llfe\, and thence takes Fanlgiere's Regi- 
ment with him to Alct\ , and thence put it into Saint Amhroix y 
in hopes that the oppofition that place would make, would give 
him more leafure to provide for the , where he thought 
to hive found a good fum of money ready raifed, ouc of fome 
Farms he had engaged for his Leavies ; but the apprchenfion of 
the King's coming into thofe parts ? made moft of the Farmers 
refufc to dlsburfc any : Upon their default he propofed another 
expedient, that the Bayliffs fhould advance the money for the 
tf aviesjand thac> {or their rq-ia^urf^iiiem both of the Principal 

2 1 o The MemoWes of the Dnks of Rohan'. Book IV. 

and Inteieft , fliould be aiTicrncd them not only the aforefaid 
Farms, bur alfoan impoficlonthcn newly laid upon the Coun- 
trey ; but all thcle inventions, being not of torcc to cxtrad any 
money out of their purfcsjthe Duke was fain to addrcfs himfclf to 
the CommLinalties. 

In the mean time the Marflial d' Efrrec , and the Duke of 
TrimoiiiUe began to ravage the Countrcy about K^Jmcs , where 
there pafl'ed many handfome skirmilTies •, in which, thofe of the 
Town f who killed and wounded twelve or fifteen hundred of 
the enemy J had alwayes the better, except one day, when 
feme of the Inhabitants? too inconiiderately advancing? were 
furprized bythcHorfe , whodtal-fo roughly with them, that, 
befidcs thofe which were wounded , there remained forty dead 
upon the place ? and had not Lcqucs come in with frcfli Troops, 
there had been much more mifchicf done: For his own part 
he was forced from his Ho rfc 5 which was killed under him 5 
but the Forragers came not wiihin Canon-fliot of the 

The King on his fide lofes no time 3 but after the taking of 
T'livas y fendspart of his Army towards Goireand Biirjac, which 
were given up into his hands : Bcairjoir and Saint Vlorcnt make 
their peace, and then turn Brokers for the places belonging to 
the Reformed Party : The former of them comes to Saint A^^ 
hioix, to perfwade the Inhabitants, to imitate the example 06 
Sarjac 5 which the chiefeft of them were fo ready to confent un- 
to, that, had not the Souldiers interpofed , the thing had been 
then done : Neverthelefs they continue their correfpondencics, 
fo that upon the King's approach 3 though he had no Canon 
with him, nor could have any come up to him within eight or 
ten dayes > fear united the two Fadions in the Town , who be- 
fore were at mortal odds, and both together force the Souldieiy 
to a compliance with them , fo that the Capitulation was agreed • 
on, upon condition that the Souldiers (hould no more bearc 
armes for the Reformed party: At which Article, when one of 
the Captains fcrupled, the Duke of Montmorency told him, that 
iione ever treated with the K'ncT upon any other termes? but thax 
itwasbur a formality only, and obliged no man farther than he 
pkafed himfeU': And then flitters one , and another, with 
promifes of great rewards , if they would rcpaire to /ikt\, and; 
ferve the Kino; there, by joyning with the Count cj Alci^, who- 
had promifed to give him up the Town : Thither then marched' 
all the Souldiers from SaUt Ambroix ^ where they cxcufe them- •■ 
fclyes by revolving all the blame upon the Inhabitants, whoi"^ 
coiDpciled them to yield the place > promiiing wichall 3 that not- ^ 


Book IV. The CMemolres of the Bah of Rohan^ 21^ 

withftanding the Treaty, they would ferve theRcfoimed party^ 
vv'hercver they fliould be commanded. The Duke of Ktihan was 
then at Alet^-, but had no Forces ready for feivJcc) but the Re- 
gimencof Foulgieresy and five cr fix new raifed Companies ; the 
King being then within three Leagues of him with all his Army, 
the people of Met\ very wavering, and uncertain whether tl\cy 
ivouldfland upon their defence or no J and the Baron of Aln^-i 
who had promifed to deliver up the Town, that he migh: the bet- 
ter eft'^d it, would'by all means be Governour of it ; but the 
Duke was d.firous to place /iubais in that command} for that be- 
ing Picld-Maillialj everyone would have fubmitrcd to him, and 
pr.omifed to leave with him all the befl men he had j but he excu- 
fed himfelf J for that bcin? refufed, the Government of Nifmeyy 
he had taken up a refoluticn, nei^er to flay within any befieged 
place.Thcn offers he it toAffa^^io whofc age and experience :very 
one would have born an honourable refpeftjbut he alfoabfolutely 
refulcd it : Wriereupon he fpeaks to Eoiljlcre c©ncerning it , 
whofe mod-flyj no_ fuffering him to think himfelf fufficicnt for 
it, made him refufc io t'jccpt or the charge, as Commander iri 
chief J but oiFcred to ftay there as fubordmate to /dubaisy or an^ 
other the Duke fhould think Hcting ; fo that in this exrremiry he 
was fain to leave rhere one I/iirtzbcl^ an eld Gentleman of yiva^ 
ref^, of a weak light, and as feeble Ijnbs ; And when the King 
came to take up his quarters witliin a League of Alct\^ the Duke 
of Rohan, took the Baron d' Alet'^:^ with hims and went thence 
that very morning before theT^wnwas invefled ; piomifingibe- 
fore his departure, to fend them what fupplies of Souldiers h6 
could poflible i of whicli he took fo great care, that at feveral 
times he fent them in above fifteen hundred 3 befides the Garri- 
fon was there before, which at lengdi he raifed to five and twenty 
hundred in the whole. 

When the King fawhimfelf fruftrated of his hopes of gaiii* 
ing the place without forcei he fent for his Canon, and, ('thac 
hem'ghtlofe no time j began his approaches; part of theTowri 
of Alet\ isfeated onaPlain, and the other fo near the Hills ,' 
that they command above half of it ; the River Gardo'd runs fa 
near the Walls, that it is rather prejudicial, than ufeful to the 
'Fortifications; for that being but a fmall Torrent, fordable iri 
mofl places, and running fo near the Town, it leaves no fpace 
tor any Flanker to be made; nor could it be fortified within the 
walles by reafon of the houfes which made a part of them ; fo 
that there was no way to fecurc that part of it, butbyraifing 
Works on the other fide of the River, and Forts upon the little 
Hillsi which eommand all a good diftance from them? and muf^ 

Pa be 

7 12 '^^^^ Memoives of the Duhc ^/Rohan. Book 1 V. 

be joyned by aLinc of Communication to two great flonc -bridges, 
which crofs the Rtver. In fhort, it was a work of vaft labciit 
and expcnce, nor could the Town be kept, but by a ^leat number 
of men, which was the reafon it was never till then fortified j 
But the pcoph now feeing that A/tdu^c was fortifying, would 
needs imitate their example ; a malady v/liich raigned in moft of 
the Communaltici,of the Scvtcy^ and this difcovercd its in- 
feiflionj when the Duke wns abfent, and upon his Voyage into 
Foix ; who though he well l-new there were already more fortifi- 
cations begun, then they had Souldiers to man, yet would he 
not crofs them in their humour, for fear of vexing and difcoura- 
gingthem; there was yet this further mifchicf in it, that befidcs 
that, they took things beyond their pa/, er to accomplifli ; when 
once the firfl heat was over, they would not employ what they 
had as they ought, nor would they work, but when compelled by 
their fear^ ; to which I muit yctadde this, that when they were' 
moft intent upon the raifingof thefe fortifications, It was impof- 
fible toperfwadethem toftore ihemfelvcs vvirh other liecellluies 
requifite to the defence of their Town J for in fuch defigns onr 
expence draws on another, and if cne of thefe four things be 
wanting, to Vvit, Good n'ey{s, Ain'mnnitioii y ViCiimls ^ and 
Souldiers^ all other provilions are but vain and fruitlefs. 

This being the condition of this Town, they were very much 
furprizedjhavingncgleded to raife a third Fort,which omifliony 
theDuke willing to redeem, in great haft makes up one of Barrel?,- 
which flew in pieces at the fiift on-fet, and on this fide only did 
the enemy raife their Battery, between the Bridge, and the Duke 
d' Engniilefm'Js Garden; th'sfirft aflault fo terrified the Inhabi- 
tants, that they thought of nothing now, but how to make a 
handfome compofition, to which they were incited, by the Ca- 
ptains that came from Snirf Anibro-r^ and thofe of the Baron d* 
Alcf^ hisFaftion) whofc follicitations wrought fuch dangerous 
cffeds, that they made Holes in rheir Walls to let the Beiicfiers 
in ; which being difcovercd, the breaches were repaired, but the 
cfFenders not punifhed ; fo that the mifchief was only delayed ,• 
not remed ied ; and the dififfji'tcd made more induftrious to con- 
ceal their Treacheries : Two or three of the aforefaid Captains 
u'l'on their own requeft were feiTtto the Duke of Rohan , to in- 
form him how weak the place was, both in men and refolutions- 
toftandicour, that the numbers- ot the Garrifon there before^ 
and of the recruits fcnt thither fincc, hourely decreafed, by their 
continual fllgfitfiom it; whercunto he replied, that what they 
had faid, could not be; that he very well knew what Souldiers He 
i^feadleft thcrCi and whom he had placed over thcm,that he would 
?. daily 

Book IV. The C^iemolres oftheDnhe of Rohanr 2 1 :? 

daily flrengrhen them with convenient fupplies, both of menjanJ 
Am nunitions; and therefore perrwatied them to return again 
to them fpeedily, ro animate them by their prefence ; which they 
plainly refufed, alledginff once for all, that it was the next way 
to be hanj^cd, confideriiLg their engagements to the Duke oi 
Mmtmo'-eiicy^ they march.:'! out of 5'.?i«'^w&/'<7.':tr: whereup- 
on the D-ikc being informed thai they had had fecret conference 
with the B.iron d' Al:i\-, and that they had agreed together 
tliat his Cornet MeCngins Ihould be fent in to Alet\.y he com- 
-manded they fhould be all apprehend ':d,and fent Blacquure thi- 
ther with a recruit of five hund'-cd men, and .(h oxprefs com- 
mand to kill the fi.-ft man that ihould but mentK n a furrcnder > 
but the malady was then pifl cure, the Townfmen having hid a- 
way the ammunition, and defcrced the moft neceiTary Work of 
tcrraffing that part of the Wall which wasoppofite againftthe 
enemies flatter y, fo thac all hecoulddo,was to protedt the capi- 
tulation two or three dayes longer, andby that means lave five - 
and twenty hundred men, whidi had they been loft, as were 
thofe of Privasy it would have deterred all others fiom any fu- 
tiii-Q engagement J that which was moft fatal in this reddition, 
was the Article femblable to that of S.iim Arfibrolx ^ 
VA/hlch difabled them fiOm evermore bearing Arms againft the 


As foon as the newes of this was brought to the Duke of Rohm^ 
immcdiatly he fent away Falqiiieres the Lieutenant of his Guards 
to S.UiVi',\vh:re the furrender of Alct^ had ftruck a general ter- 
rour into the Inhabitants i the moft confiderable of which, out 
of hopes of obtaining good conditions for themfelves, by the fa- 
vour of their Lord, the Count d' v^/c/^c^, denied to let him in- 
to their Town ^ but Falqiiie/CT, being of the place, and having 
much acquaintance in it, by the means of fome Ladders he had 
procured, got in j but found the people fo refolutely fixed upon 
an accommodation, that having feized upon the Caftie, aada 
Tower which commanded the Town, and ferved it inftend of a 
Citadel, told him openly? that they were now refolved to f^ek 
t)ut fome way topreferve what they had leftjand not expofe them- 
felves to an utter ruine. 

In the interim the Count of Alet\^ invited by thofe that 
had privately Treated with him,ad,vanccs with three or four hun- 
dred Horfe, within half a Le^ueof the Town, where when he 
: underftood that the arrival of Falquidcs w ith his Souldiers, had 
prevented his entry into the Town, he fent a Trumpet to them, 
with offers of fair propofitlonsj Falqukres could not bv any 
ii^sans dlffivadcj nor hinder them frou^ fendijig back a McfTcnger 

2^4 '^^^ LMemeWcsofthe P//i^?i/Rohan Book IV. 

acrain to aflure him, that though they could not give him admit- 
tance at prefent, ycc were they Klafters of all rhe Fortsjand thaq 
if the Duke of Kohm did not fuddenly conclude a general 
peace, as he had pioinifcd them, t'ley ^vould, by his afTikance j 
make their own^in particular, not doubting but their example 
would allure thc'greateft part of the Sevencs to an imitation of 
them : To which the Cotmc replied, that it was in vain to expeft 
a General Peace; and that the Diike deluded them with that Airy 
fancy; but vvhirfl he made his own, and that then he would 
leave them in the Lurch ; that if they could be a means to draw 
cfF any other the party, it would be much to 
the advantage of their cwn conditions, and that they fhould 
have but a GarrUbnof thirty Souldiers only in their Caftk; com- 
pnanded by hlmklfi they altlued him of their zealous endeavours 
to effect what they had promifed, and that within two dayes 
they would fend him a further anlwerby a Mefl'cnger of pur- 
pofe : Fiilqiii eyes tUsit hadfeenall thcfc Envoys, and heard the 
free, and loud dlfcourfes of the people to him, fcnt the Duke of 
Koh.m word, that unlefs he recruited him inflanrly with four 
hundred men at leaft , he Ihould be turned out of the 

The importance of this unexDefled ncwes perplexed him fo, 
that he took alide three or four of h'.s Officers, !n whofe fidelity 
he ie,^ofcd moft confidence, ro imnart it to them, and receive 
their advice thereupon^fome of them ar fiift fight conceived that 
the buiinef*; v/asdefperatc, and irremedible , induced ro this 
opinion by their exnericncc in the precedent Wars, of the difaf- 
ftdion of that Town to the Rt formed party; and (hatbefns 
now Maftcrs of the Caftle, they might at their rleafure jet in 
(he Enemy; that it would be a thing of great d fficulty to fend 
them any Soiild'ers; for that the people of Andw:^, that very 
moment expeiled a ficge, and had not fufficient for their own 
defence , would be v^ry unwilling ro part wich four hundred 
men ; that If the Duke of Kohan fhould go in perfon thither* 
whichv'-asthe bed expedient for it, they would prefentlyraife, 
and difFufe a report, that he had abandoned all; fo that it was 
to be feared, leaft his endeavours to {Tcferve S.-r/^rCjfhould prove - 
anoccafionof tht-lofs of Afi-dii'Ke -y fo that their advice was to 
fend Falquieyes and his party orders to defend themfelves the 
bcfl they could ; and to promife them a good afiTiftancc, in cafe 
the K'rg fliould drav/ towards them ; but that for prefervation of 
their ftorcs, he would nor charge rhem with any more Forces,un- 
til! ncccflicyfliould draw tliat burden upon them; others were of 
oj-inionjihat the place was of fuch confeqiience^ that the lofs of 

. ' . ■ it 

Book IV. The (J[{cmoJres of the D^ke of Rohan. 21^ 

ic would draw afccr it all the Scvencs^xx^ to Vigari, and cut off 
all communication between AadiiT^, and the lower Lan^cdoci 
fo that the Duke oi Ro'iiVti would be totally blocked up there> 
without any poflibility of breaking through a^ain j that the lofs 
of it J as was that of Vrlvas, and Saint A'fib't oix , would be 
wholly laid to his charge 5 and that it mio^ht be juftly feared^left 
the people of A'^-du\Cj who were known to have inclinations fe- 
ditioiis; enoughj andhaddoreof maKgnant fpirits among themj 
iliould enter into confpiiacies alfo againft him j in fhort? that 
this extremity gave them a capacity to betray him, and therefore 
It were better to attempt to fend foiu: hundred men to Samd to 
preferve both himfelf, and the Town too. 

ThisCounfel was accepted of, and thereupon he drew out 
all the Garrifon of AiidH\Cj and out of it chofe four hundred 
men, to fend to the relief of Sai-rje 5 but none would undertake 
thecondudof them, but the Adjutant- General Kandonynoi-hc 
neither} but upon condition that f to fecute his own honour } 
the D/.'ke would allo,\ him the liberty to retreat with them aga,n> 
in cafe he faw the King'; Army advance towards him ; engaging 
himfelf neverthelefsnotto makeufeof it, unlefs enforced to ic 
by fome extremity 5 thus was he fain to expofe his own^to fave the 
honour of another. 

Amid'flthefe perplexities, which were nofmallones, the 
Couit-f"a<5lion in the S^v:jics ufed many fubtile inventions to 
induce the Communalties there to a particular Treaty, 
the Duke of Kohan j the mofl: dangerous of which, were ; firft, 
to hinder the march of the relief froLU Andifze to Sauvc^ttni- 
fying them with continual Alarms^ that a part of the King'i' Ar- 
my was to crols the Countrey, which they would overwhelme with 
blood and fire , fo that no: a Souldier could be rerfwaded to flir 
from his houfe ; the next was.without his pcrmiflnn to convoque 
an Aflembly, to which were fummoncdonly thofe they were fure- 
would confent to a Deputation to the Court in the name of many 
of the Communalties for a particular peace ; andthelaftwas to 
afperfe his honour, by fcandalous infinuations, that Frhas, and 
Sa'mt Ambroix were given up by his efpecial order; that BIac* 
^wcre wasfentto /^/ac^ for the like purpofe ; and that having 
made his own conditions, he would expofe the fople to a necef- 
,fity of accepting fuch as the King ihould impofe upon them ; and 
in effed thefe, and the like defamatory rumours ipread abroad , 
by petty, but very faftious perfons, that hoped by fuch means to 
raife themfelves a fortune, raifed a general murmur againfl him; 
for the people, ( efpecially thofe of Languedoc ) are naturally 
i«ron.e co bcliQVe the vvorftj of the beft, and the beft^of the worfi: 

P 4 foi^ 

il6 Th {Jiicmoires of the T>Mke <?/Rohan. Book IV. 

fort of men; readily coinplying with fiich clamorous perfons, as 
coHtlcmn the ad ions of other men, when as themfclves do no- 
th'.ne; at all jbur vail their hypocrifie with an indifcrect zeal, tend- 
ing only to fcdkion, and the iubvcrfion of their Religion, and 


The Duke was at the fame time follicited by often repeated 
MefTaf^es from the Provinces of the higher Umgit-cdoCy Foix^Msn- 
tan-bafiy and Ko'ilcrgiiCy both for m:n, and money. Md'^^aribal 
Jends him word, that unlefs he were recruited with a hundred 
pood men, and ray for them, it would be impoflible for him to 
prefci ve M-f-^fiCs ; and that without fuch a fupply, or a peace, he 
fliould within one moneth be forced to quit the Countrey : Sain-t: 
/Aichil, andthe Tounof iViV^fj/zt'it;?, tell him, that the Prince, 
and the Duke d' E'^fcrnon, were drawing down to Ravage the 
Counti ey abo nt them, which tliey woul i inevitably ruine, unlefs 
he fentthem fome afllilance to prevent it ', but that with athcu- 
fand men at moft) and money to pay ihem, v.hich they earneftly 
impocti ned him for, they made no doubt bravely to rcpulfe them. 
ClhiViign<c, and the Town of Cjflyes remonfliratc to him, that a 
Famine wouU inevitably furprize them, unlefs, they quickly ga- 
thered in their Harveft, whicii they were incapable to fecure , 
vv'ithout a Renfort of a thou fand Foot, and a hundred Horfc, 
paved for two or three moneths J and money alfo to mufter and 
difchaiCTe the Forces of the Countrey 5 that the Duke of l^oita- 
dofii'f who with his Army lay round aboutthem, had made tlieni 
offers of verv' advantageous conditions? in cafe ihey would incline 
to a particular peace, which they hitherto had refufed,out of 
hopes of a fudden, and effedualalfi fiance, the want of which 
would necefifitate them to fubmit to fuch a Treaty. MiUaiid'''a\[o 
prefcntshim with the fame doleful Note; and Altcrac^ Gover- 
nour of the Town? plainly tells him, that without a frefh fup- 
ply of Souldiers, he could no longer undcrtake^he charge of it; 
^nd all the reft of Vabres accord in the fame demands, either of 
mentor a Peace. 

The Duke of 'Kohan. oppreftwith the hourcly increafe of 
fuch caUmities, faw no other expedient for their remedy, but a 
General Peace, v.hich alfo was attended with many difficulties j 
for he conceived that the King, feeing to what a low cbbe the at- 
fairsof the Reformed Party were funk, wou'd not abate one jot 
of the Article touching the Fortifications ; and on the other fide 
he very well knew, that though the people had no refoUitions to 
i^and upon, nor inclinations to prepare for a defence ; yet would 
they nt-vcr digefl the demolition of their Works : If he fliould 
jc(b;vs tc Hand it out; and ftiuggle with the the threatned extre-. 
: ''" niiticsj 

^ok IV. The (J^/[emmres of the B^ke of Rohan^ 217 

Kilties, then heconfidered, that if he quitted Andu-^ ^ all the 
SeiKMS would be loft7 and confequently all the Garrifons, up to 
the very Gates of M-ontaub.m, miift fubmit j if he flayed there, 
he fhould draw a fiegc upon a place no waycs capable to fuftain it; 
but if the King, waving that, fliould draw towards Sairue, the 
whole CoLintrey would come in, and every Communalty having 
made its peace, Andu^e would be left all forlorn, and disfur- 
nifhtd of Souldiers to maintain it: Bur the urgency of their af- 
fairs obliging him fuddcnly to fix upon fome courfe that had leaft 
of danger in itjhe pitched upon a General Peace j whichjthough 
accompanied with never fo many diradvantagcs5V\ould be yet bet- 
ter than an abfolute diiTipaticn of the Eaids, which would be 
the undoubted conieqisence of the particular compoiitions of the 
fcveral Communalties ; in ojder to which, hefummoned an Af- 
fembly of all the Communakies of the Seyeties to be held ac 
A'<^dii%e^ to diilolve that w hick was already convened without his 
permifiion; andat the fame time fent Montredon. to thofe thac 
fate at Ui Sulky to demand a particular Peace 5 to let them know, 
that a Provincial Aflembly, in order to a General Treaty, was 
convoquedat A'tdu-^e , and that, if they, notwithftanding his 
orders to the contrary, obftinately continued their Seflicn,he had 
a command from the Duke to afl'cmble the people of la Salle, to 
make their rtfrad£)rin£fs to them, and to require their af- 
fiftancefor the apprehending of their perfons, and carrying them 
away Prifoners ; his peifwafionsjvvith the annexed Menacesjmadc 
them at length diflblve ; for Fear is oftentimes very perfwafive. 

After this the Duke fent for Caudiac, a Counfellor in the 
Chamber of Languedoc, who had already made feveral journies 
to the Court, in order to a Peace, and was now but newly re- 
turned thence ; where he found that their only aimeiand chiefeft: 
hopes now, were, a totaldifilpationof the party by particular 
Treaties ; him he deiires once again to return thither, and to tell 
the Cardinal de Richelieu, from him, that he was a faithful Sub- 
jed of the Kings, that he defired nothing inore, than the Tran- 
quillity of the State5and the Repofe of his own party ; and with- 
all, that both he, and thegreateft part of them, would expofe 
themfelves and fortunes to all extremities, rather than fubmit to 
any Peace, but fuch as fliould be General, and Conformable to. 
the former Edifls ri pacification 5 ihat it was a thing of dange- 
rous confequence to force an armed Party, how fmall foever/rcm 
all hopes of fafetyj but what rhey ground upon their defpair of 
any ; and that if the King would Youchfafe to admit of a Gcne- 
xal Treaty, and allow the General AfTcmbly but four dayes time 
only to remove ficm j^ifm^s co Anduze^ an4 Pafs ports for the 

• ~ ■ '" fafe 

ji8 The C^iemoiresoftheDfike of Rohm, Book IV 

Oifc conduft of their Deputies to comej and Treat with h's Com- 
roilTioners -, and that in the mean time all Afts of Hoflility might 
be furp>endcd,he was confident they fhould conclude a peace ; Cait- 
diac cheerfully embraced the employment 5 and obtains the al- 
lowance of the four dayes, together with the defired Pafs-ports , 
which he himfclf was commanded to carry back to the Aflem- 

In the mean time every one is very follicitous to draw his own 
particular advantage oiit of this fmall interval : The Kings party 
continue their pradiccs in the Province 5 but with greateft ardour 
profe cute they the dtC\gno£ Sauve, whither? when S^«^o« came 
with the four hundred, Souldiers, the difaffefted , to exafpcrate 
the others? opprefs them with quartering 5 and that they might 
difguft the people with an apprehenfion of the Duke's under- 
valuing of them, quarrel at the perfon of K/7«rfy» , as a man of 
too mean quality to command them; and when, according to 
his Orders he would have mingled his Souldiers with the Inhabi- 
tants, to ftrengchen their Guarders in all quarters , they would 
by nomeans fuffci; it in thcCaftle , but loudly objcded their 
priviledgcs againft rfiat procedure , as an infringement: of them ; 
a prevalent motive to work the populace to any thing; fo that 
upon this ill ufage of theirs, Rmdorii unadvifedly told them, that 
in cafe they refufed him the abfolutc command of their Town, he 
had Orders from the Duke o^Roha-i to quit it upon the approach 
of the King's Army : This inconsiderate exprefllon, fo indifcreet- 
ly let fall by him, and as nimbly taken up by the difafFefted of 
the Town,had like co have ruihcd all ; for they publifhed ftrange 
Coments on it to the people , crying out, that the Duke had fenc 
them men to abandon thcm,vvhen they fhould moft ftand in need 
of their afliftance, and that defired only to pofTefs themfelvcs of 
their fl:renii,th, at their coft, co purchafe thcmfelves better con- 
ditions; fo that upon occafion of thefc jealoufies they called a 
Council, at which they refolvedjto die all,rather than admit any 
llranger into their Caftlc. 

In the mid*ft of their deliberations came letters from the Duke 
Q^Kohxn to convoque the Provincial AfTembly at Andii'^c, to con- 
fultuponfome Articles for a general peace; which mollified them 
fo,thac they nominated Deputies to fend thither: But when the 
Council wasdiffolvedjthe difaffeAed exclaim againft this as a trick 
of th& Duke oi 7{ohan to defeat their particular Treaty , and to 
furprize? and detain their principal Citizens at Andu'^e, until they 
delivered up their fortreHes into his hands .* whereupon they 
thought fit to fend away the next day ,\ but one Deputy only to 
founa the forde, and give them notice how things were carried. 

Book IV. The Memoires of the "Duke ^^ Rohan. 2ty 

^hac accordingly thy might be direfted in their compoitmemsjand 
at the fame time fent they another privately to the CouRt d' A^ 
/ff:^) to let him know, that the hopes they had newly received 
of a General Pcactjmadc them yet defer the performance of what 
they promifed j but yet that they fufpefted it for an invention on-* 
ly to interrupt the progrefTe of the Treaty they were already uponj 
wherefore they befeeched him to clear them in that particularjas 
much as pofllbly he could, and to belie vc/that in cafe it were not 
real, that Sa.uvc {hould be at his difpofal, of which he might af- 
furehisMij^fty ? and that they had received Letters from the 
Communalties of Gan-ge^ Summne^ and V^igan^ impowring them 
to treat for them alfo ; and that thoue,h Kmdon were in the town, 
yet could they a'^ pleafure let him into the Caftle, of which they 
were ftill rhc Mall .\'-s. 

The King conceiving;, upon this newes^ that with much facili- 
ty he might now polfeflehimfelf of the Se'z^c;?^^, in all hafte fenc 
C^.Wiircwordjthat he (hould come back again to him, and let a- 
lone the general AfTcmbly where it was: This MelTenger found 
C/z/^i^^rc, and ill the AlTemblyon their way towards An.dii'^ -^ fa 
that much amiied, they returned the fame way they came , and 
Caiidio-c. as little fatjsfied, goes to A!et\. In the meane time Ran- 
doriy a.r)d Fa!>ji^> ere s acquaint the Duke of Koh.i?i with the final rc- 
folutions of the people of Sai^vc, and the frequent Envoy espaf- 
ling between them, and the Count d' Alet\^ and that unlefle fea- 
fonable preventions were applyed, the place would be certainly 
loft; whereupon he put his power upon the rack for a new fup- 
plyof fouldiers for them j and that he might the more effedu- 
ally proceed inthe a plication of his remedies, he fent to have 
the wound well fearched by his Chaplain 2? <?^i.7/j who had been 
formerly Minifter of that Church , and of great authority a- 
rftong them : As foon as he came thither, and had gotten the 
Common-Council of the Town together, he prefented them a 
true ftate of their affaires , (hewing how near they were obtain-* 
ing of a general peace , if they prefervcd the union of the Party> 
which particular compofitions '/vould divide andruine; after all 
which their condition would be nothing more exempt from fears 
or hazard ; that to introduce into their Caftle, a Garifon of a 
contrary Religion 5 was not the way to prefervc inviolate thofe 
libertiestheyle^edfb jealous of j that it was ill done to call 
thofe Grangers, who were their kinred and neighbours , and had 
forfaken their own Houfes, Wives, and Children, to come to 
their relief ; thattorefufe the Generals Orders , and to fuch 
perfons, half the Guard of their Caftle, when as they allow 

shem that of their WaUsj andGate?^ was a diffidence ill grcun- 


•z^o TheC^iemoiresoftheDHkeof^o\iin, Book I V. 

ded, and probably of dangerous confcquence to the Party, con- 
sidering the prcfcnt condition of things ; chat he very well knew 
it was publiquely reported ? that the Duke of Roharx's forces had 
no't acquitted thcmfclves of their devoir in the Towns lately ta- 
Ifcn j but that he was as certain that the contrary of it only was 
true ; that at Privas the Inhabitants defertcd the relief was fent 
to them; that at S.iifit Ambro'ix Qiv\^ Alct\y they compelled the 
Garifons to capitulate ; and that all the misfortunes that befell 
ihofc places J flowed from thofe who either corrupted by the e- 
nemy, orpcrfwadedby their ownfeares , quickly difFufed the 
contagion o've r all the reft ; that they would do well to beware of 
fuch plagues > and for the future to yield a greater obrcrvancc to 
rhe General's Orders. 

But all thefeRemonftrances were not fufficicnt to open the 
Caftle Gates to give admittance to the ftrangers , which when 
RoJ}\l perceived , he made a Propofitionj that the people fhould 
nominate a certain number of them J the third of which fliould 
be drawn out by lot to be there upon duty every one in his turn > 
four and twenty hoiires together. The Comiiaon Tort approved 
of this wiyi but the Confuls > who.diflik^d it , left the Council 
in diftafte 3 faying? that fince they could be no longer trufted , 
they would difcharge themrelvcsof their Offices : Buuhey were 
called bick again ; and before the difmiflion of the Council? was 
the Guard eftabliflied. After this Roffcl \\CizsPii.yredo'd , one of 
the mofl eminent of the Town, both for Eftate, Wifdomej and 
Courage, and his particular friend, and one that had difcove- 
red a great afFcftion to the Duke of Rohhi , whom he preflcs fo 
far, that he at length gotfrc-nhim a confcflion of the whole 
negotiation, between the Town, and the Count ^* Alct\'y and 
u^on RoJJ'eU alTuringhim, that if they feparated not themfelves 
from the Partyja General Peace would be Toon concluded; in 
which fhou Id be comprifed thebufincfs ofReprifals ( in which 
he was interefled to the value of twenty thoufand Crowns) Puy- 
ncdon alfo promifcci him, that, whatever were the fucccfs of the 
Deputy fent to the Count of Alci'^-, he would order things fojthat 
there fhould be yet nothing altered for foure and twenty 

When he had difpatchcd with thefe, he found that Kandon y 
ijothing pleafed with the Agreement, threatned to be gone j buc 
when he told him, that he could not be yet befieged for four 
dayes , that if he would have patience but for two of them only, 
he Ihould be furniflied with all things he could de/ire , he was 
then better fatibfied ; and Roffci departed from Saiive ; and meet- 
it^ 01^ the way with the Deputy that had been with tkc Cof^m of 

Book iV. The Memoires of the 'Dnke of Kohsin. 22I 

Aiet\'i he imparted'co him the great hopes conceived of a Gerte- 
ral Peace, to which he gave noochcr reply than only yGod grant 
it'y buc tui ning hiS difcouiTe to the Captain? that convoyed Rof- 
fel, hetoldhiin, that the Duke of Ko/;j« had too long abufcd 
them by his policies, and that he endeavoured yet to amufc 
them with ho^;>es of a General Peace , but only to fruftrare thelf 
Comni'.inaity of tive advantageous conditions they might receive 
from a particular Treaty ; bu t that they were now refolv'd to give 
no further credit to him , knowing that all his talks of a General 
Peace was nothing but meer del uiion, whereupon the Captain 
took him priConerjand carried him with him to Andu'^^e, 

When ^ojfcl came back to the Duke of Kohan^ he gave the 
Duke an account of his negotiation , telling him^, that all his en- 
deavours had no other cfF^d than only fomewhat to afTwage'the 
tumour 5 unnill he in perfon ftiould provide a better remedy for it; 
whereupon he immediately departed thence » and went towards 
Saiivc: His arrival there much daunted the difaffeded party; 
but they were naw fo farre advanced5that they knew not weihhow 
to recede from their engagements: The fecond Conful fled to 
the Caftle ; the Duke fent to command him thence , which fum- 
hions he durft not difobey : When he was come thence, and the 
reft of the Council were aflembled ? the Duke acouaintcd then: 
with the four dayes liberty he had obtained 5 for the adjourning 
of the general AH'cmbly to Andk-:!;e -, thar he hoped to procurd 
them fuch a peace , as fhould redound to their generid welfare » 
provided? that? renouncing all diffidence and jealoufies one of an- 
other, they preferved an entire unity among themfelvcs ; th«c 
he had borne armes thefe eight years paft ;, upon no other defign> 
biit the defence of tl^ir Religion and Liberties j for which he 
had as cleare a zeal ? as any of them ; but chat now he was to 
know of them? whether they would own him for their General or 
no, and as fuch would obey him ; whereupon the people crying 
ouv^at they would fubmit to him , he refumed his difcourfeitel- 
' ling them that he would then go to the Caflle , and place there 
fuch of the Inhabitants a5> he fhould think fit: The Confuls ac 
^rftrefufed to follow him, pretending, thatfince they were not 
confided in? they would quit their Offices) neverthelefs whenP 
they faw him go up to the Caftle, and that all the people flocked 
after, they flayed not long behind him, who, when he had tur- 
ned cut , the Guard was then in it, made choice of fuch a num.- 
her ofthe Townfmen, as he thought fufficient to keep it, obli- 
ging them by Oath to maintain it under the authority of theii* 
Confuls, and for the general good of the whole party, againfl: all 
pcrfons whatfocver i which gave great fatisfadion to the people ; 


ia'a The MenjoWes of the Bukj <j/Rc)han. Book IV. 

and when he had left in their Town a thoufand men, drawn from 
S^'mt H'qfpolyte,V:ga)iy and other places,he returned the fame dty 

to Andil':^. 

The news of this came to Alcf:^ as foon as Caudi,ic^ and fo net- 
Jcd the King's Council, that they exclaimed aeainft the Duke of 
'Rohan for breach of promifcj faying, that the Kin J had not ftlr- 
rzdizom Alet^j, but that the Duke had been at Sauve, where he 
had fecmcd, and furniilied the Cafl:le,ani the Tow rs, with foul- 
dicrs i nevei thelefs they gave him Orders to rcttrn with all fpecd 
CO the Affcmbly, but told him withall, that the King would not hz 
obliged to any further flay az Alctr^-^, Cdudiac, who clearly fa \v 
chat all this choler flowed only from the defeat of their dcfign 
upon SJuve, replied, that the Duke had not bound himfelf by a- 
jiy engagement not to ftir from An.dii'^e , but not to make any at- 
tempt upon the Towns of the adverfe Party ; and that to provide 
for his ownj could not be interpreted any breach of promifc : Af- 
ter this he went to the AlTembly, whom he found much perpleKed 
about the Article concerning the demolition ;of their fortificati- 
ons ; for that , befides the Deputies formerly fent by them to the 
Affembly, the Towns of Nipnes and Ufc\\\CLd fent others purpofe- 
ly to oppofe that Articlejandjif it were poflfiblej to draw in thofe of 
the Scvcncs to fortific them in that oppoficion. 

Whereupon it was thought fit, before they proceeded to any 
conclufionjthat they fhould have the opinion of the Provincial Af- 
fembly of the Scvc'fiesy that accordingly they might order their re- 
foIutions3 But that Aflembly would determine norhlng in itjwith- 
outthe advice of the Common-Council of the Town of A-adii\e y 
which they looked upon as a place the moft concerned in the 
fubfiftance of the new- raifcd buildings , and fortifications, and 
moft refolute to defend theiTi : The Council reported their opi* 
nionto the Provincial, and the Provincial to the general Affem- 
bly ; the fum of which, was, that confidering theabfolute neceffi- 
ty that lay upon them, they fl\ould choofe CommilTioners to Ticit 
abouta peacCjand that the management of the Article concerning 
ihefortificationsjfhould be referred to their difcretions. 

The AfTembly general, unwilling to undergo the whole burthen 
of the Treaty, aflfociate wicli them the new extraordinary Depu- 
ties of N/^^wej- and ///cq;^, and a like number of the Piovincial Af- 
feaiblyofthe Seveiies^ who altogether rcfolved to fend their De- 
puties to the King to demand a pcace,and to moderate that Article 
the befl they could. 

The Deputies halle away to the Court, where after fevcral 
conferences had, they agreed on many things, but at the propo- 
fal of the aforefaid Article, the King's Coramiffioncrs would noc 


Book IV.' TheA<femoiresoftheDHl^eof'Rohznl 22^ 

endure the mention of any mitigation of it j but thereupon feat 
back the CommifTioners, who reported all to the AflembJy, to 
whom they plainly difcovercd that it was In vain to hope for any 
qualiFiCationof that Article, which Teemed to be thrown in as 2 
ftumbline; block among them ; whereupon the Town of AnduT^e, 
and the Province of the Sezencsy being again confulccdjthey de- 
monllraicd the inevitable ruine of their Province, Unlefs a fudden 
conclufion of a General Peace prevented itj for that othervvife 
every one was fully refolved to compound for himfclf apart ; and 
that the lofs of their Province would certainly draw after it thac. 
of the lower Languedoc , that the fire was n®w at their doors, 
and that they had rather fubmit to that Article, than fail ot a 

Whereupon after a full debate of the bufinefs. It was at length 
concluded that they fhould admit of that Article j and thereupon 
th.c Deputies were returned fully impowred to Treat, and conclude 
a peace : Which doncjthe Duke cf Rohan defired the Aflembly 
to give their Deputies an exprefs charge^thac when they had per- 
fevled their Negotiation for the Publickjthey {hould then mind his 
particular concernments alfo, which they did. 

Thus was the Peace concluded at AleL'^^the Zyth. day oifune, 
in the year, 1^29. The fubftance of the principal Articles of 
which, was as foUoweth. 
I. That aGeneralT'.vrdonbeiJJ'uedout. 
2,. That the Ldi6i ef Nantes, and aU other Edi Si f^ Article f and 

Declarations rcgfflred inthe rarliamem-Rolls be putin force^ 
5 . 7hat their Temples ^ and Places of Burial be rcjiored to thofe o{ 

the Religion. 
A That all Contrihiitions impofed^ dimng the prefenty or precedent 

BroyleSi be taJ^CTt off, 
#. That they be alfo acquitted ef all Arrears of Impoptions, and 

Taxes laid by any Governoiirs upon thofe of the Religiony to ex' 

cmpt the Romanics. 
^. That they be rcjiored to nil their Coeds moveable^ and immove-^^ 
able 5 notwithfiaiiding any Gifts, or Confifcatious. 

7, That every one be permitted to re-poffefsy and re-edific his otvu. 


8. Thdt all judgements, both ciiil and Criminal^ given by thofe of 
the Rcligiony be confirmed, 

q. That the ancient Orders ufed before the iVars be obfervedy both 

concerning the CdnfUates^ and other Political Aficmblies of the 

particular Tevfn'^. 

Xo. That they be alfo difcharged of aV. AcCounts^fo that the Chant' 

her of Accounts may not demand any review of them. 

V " ii. That: 


224 Thei^emolrcs o!^ the Duke <?/ Rohan. Book IV. 

II. Thxt all Courts of 'fiisiicc^ Offices ef Receipt, dttd others, be. 
reflorcdagjii. to thofe places, whence they were tran.sfmedy 
ditringthc ixtcJJ'ars. 
iz. That the Ch.wibcr of Languedoc be re-eftcihlifhcd at Caftres? 
13 . That the AlJ^cmbly ofEflaies hi Foix be co?rjcn.:d at the ufuxl 

j/^.TIhtt the IfiJjabitMtiofPamiczbe rcfinrcd again to thcirEjiate^, 
I J. And that all Fortifications be dcmolifhed. 

The Deputies Excraordlna 17 of Nifmes proccfted agalnfi: this 
PeacejDeclaring^that if they fhould accept of ic,their Ad would 
be difcvned, and thcmfelves killed, wlicn they came home ; and 
at their return, threw the blame of the whole bufinefs upon the 
pretended perfidy of the Dcikc of Rohan, andthofeof ^reateflf 
truft about him, by whom they f^id they had been all fold ; and 
having aflembled the chief Officers, both Military and Civile 
caufe them to oblige themfelves by Oath to ft and it out to the 
laft, and then fent to the Sevmcs for (bme frefli Troops; when 
they had by this means elrawn the Kings Army before the Town * 
the fame pcrfons, who were the Authors of this mutiny, to pur- 
thafe themfelves a reputation at the erpcnce of their Fello'.v-Citi- " 
itens, got themfelves iitipowred as Commifli oners to Treat for 
their Town, which derived no other advantage from it, than the 
fpoilingof their Fields and Vinevards; and that which accrued 
to the Deputies themfelves for difpofing the Town^ to fupplicate 
the King to honour them with his prefcncc. 

The Town of ^^/'f ^, without any hefitatioh at all, accepted the 
I'eaceatfirft; fodidall i^o^^/^//^", the higher Languedoc, and 
foix ; nor was any place fufpcfted to rcfufe it, but Mnntaaban. ; 
vvhere the Prince of Conde would not ceafe his plundering? untill. 
the King hadfenthim afccond Oidcr to that purpofe 3 and the 
Town it felfj as the Cardinal marched that way, .declared their 
acceptance of the General Peace. 

This is an account of what palTcd in this laft War?in which the 
afllftance the Town of RochcUe had from ^'^^A^^^jferved only to 
<?onfume their provifions, and draw a Famine on the City; and 
the vain, and illufoiy hopes with which Spaid, and Savoy, abu- 
ied the lower Languedoc, had Ukc to have proved the ruine oi ^ 
fhe whole Party. 

God , of his infinite mercy compafTionating his poor 
Churches, hath yet inteimitced their fufterings, that by a ferious 
repentance of our faults, and a finccre amendment of our lives," 
He mieht at len^nh attrad as many bcncdidions, as our fins have 
pulled down calaaiicics on them. , 

I'hc (.nl oft'^c fo.rahSovl^r* 
T 1 N I S. 



Of the moft 


Contained in this 

A. ^nicies fgned hy Bouil-^ 

l6n , Lefdiguieres, Ro- 

AN A(?embly permitted- han, Sully, Soubize, la 
at ChaLieirauc. pag. Force , and Du pleffl?. 

3 P3g.i8 

'Adjourned to Saumure. 6 ^n Ajfembly of five Pro-^ 

Du pleiTiS chofen Trefdertt^ vwces convenes at Ro- 

which vexed Bouillon, chelle , offofU by the 

7 Ol'ldrjhal Bouillon, ip' 

The Ajfembly fend their e/f nicies accorded t) the 

Defuties to the Coftrt, ^ffembly^t^ochtVlQ^ 

lo bytheirCManfiss, id 
Their SHccefs. ibid, AnciQ^the J\^ arfhal q* An- 

j2. <^r«x 

The Table. 

ere, foivesy and fom ms Chaftlllon, te are dlf- 
divifions among the No- appointed by Rohan > 
hility, pag. 2 1 Tphomthfy caltimmcUta 

AnAjfcmblj to Leidiguicres. ibid. &: 69 
he f:eld at Jergeau, re- S.^inc Antonin re-inforced 
moved to Grenoble. 26 by their Neighbours of 

t/id]oi4r^is to Niimes. ^i Momaubanj^wr t^^ki^ by 

Removes to llochelle. 3:? the King, 77 

.Sends Deputies to conclude Saint And re deMontbrun 
a Peace, 54 makes his way bravely to 

Ancre, his mine contrived Moncauban. 77 

l?y the (JHarjhal Bouil- An Affembly cf.lledat Lu- 
lon. 38 ntlby the comfdofLzn-' 

Firfwades the Qtteen tofe^ guedoc. ^o 

cure the Prince^ ar.d o- D.'jjfoivcd by Rohan, . 85 
thers of the Nobility, ';p Articles of i he Peace be- 

jHis heufe p'Uaa-.d^^.n^ra" foe Montpellier. 88 
z^ed by i he people. 40 Z/' lolated after the Renditt^ 

The manner of his death, on of the Town, 92,p5>' 

His hadjvflith others^ ar- A2II hefteg^d, io6^ 

f-efied ^:t the fame time, ih. Bravely defended, lio 

An Ajjembh'^feneralcal- An Affembly called at 
led at Rothelle, tie NnrnQS to rarifie the Ali 
King com^*ands them to of Acceptance of the 
diffo/ve ; mofi cf them Peace, 1 1 -^- 

^re inclined to obey^ but The Dnk^ of" Anjou averfe 
by the contrlvar.ccs of la ' to the OH^sriage with 
Force, and Favas are the Trlncefs of Monr-> 
diffvoaded. 56 paniier. 1 12 

The ^femblyin Lan^^ue- 7 he Duke of Anjou m,:r* 
doc averfe to the ELtti^ . ries the Trinccfs Mont- ^ 
onof aGemril, 6-j penfkr. iz% 

ijreat comlalnts of the S^'nc Afrique bfieoed by 
Provinces again ft the thn Prince of Conre^. 

^ffembfy^ pag 68 ' ^ x7? 

jTt^ej apply thimfelvcs to // 

The Table: 

Js stormed^ and the Trlnce F ather-W'L^w\the Bdk^ 
repttlfed, pag. 174 0/ Sully. pag.8 

Aimargues ^^/.f^^^^yRo- B^rticheras forges his Re' 
nan, 180 floration to his ^^overn" 

Is yielded upon compfi.on, mentSyis f^ivoured l?y the 

lb' I jD/% «»/ Sully ; bm to 

Saint Andre de Montbrun, arrive at his aims^ com- 
fent t.fecHre Privas his . flies with th CMar^d 
enter tammcnt by the Bouilloviyandobiains a 
Con/u/s, 20^ re-admijjion to Aigue- 

// made aPrlfoner, 208 mortes. 9&10 

Sain: Ambroix, r/?^(7i^m- BouiJIon juggles with the 
fon there forced by the uijfembl:, io 

Inhabitants, give ^^ the Bullion [ent io the Af* 
place. 210 femblj, II.-, 

Aletz befieged'. 2ii Bouillon applies hlmfelfta 

Treachery of fome of the the D;% ^/ Rohan, i^ 
Officers, • 212 Bouillon contrives to optt 

the Dfike of Rohan of 
B. his Government of Sainc 

John d' Angelis. 14 

B6uilloh ^w^/V/W// ^(7^^/« Bouillon labours to fru" 
the admimftrationofthe /Irate the negotiation of 
publick^ Affairs, 2 the deputies, 17 

*Defgns the mine of the SolllcltestheKlr^gof^ug^. 
Dnks ^f" Sully. 3 land hlsfuccifs, 17, 6c 

^recffres an Affembly to be 1 8 

held at Chaftelraur. ibid. Berticheres denledentry In^ 

iVhichhe afterwards catifed to Aiguemorccs , and 
to be adjourned to Sau- Tvhy. i^ 

mure. 6 Bouillon ralfes r.ew broyles^ 

Bouillon t'akfs a journey to Sec. _ 2$ 

S^dm^andforivhatrea^ Bouillon and yi^mt^urge 
Jons. S)&<^ the Prince to make a 

^Attempts to yvithdranf the Teace. 3f 

Duke pf^o^in from his Bearne, fieiv troubles ral- 

Q2 fed 

V The Table,' 

fed thereby , du Vaire. ofConiz. 155 

The lernois being de- Buckingham kjll^d at 

'Vcjled of their privlledges^ Portfmouth. 18-7 

CAfioned the firfl warre 

figai/jft t he Pr»tefi^»ts . 5 ^ , C » 

Blac?cons wade Cover- TheTrmceofQonAtuf" 

rtcur of Bay ^» 70 on the infhigatiod of Boxxil'^ 

^rnonjajfiyT^iththeDe- \o\\ leaves the Cotirt^ with 

futies of the Ajfembly of others of the Nobility ^ 2i 

fve TrtfVnces to calamm- H rites to he Qjee^y And 

Ate the D/^^** c/ Rohan. 74 foil cites the Varhament of 

Bouillons overtures to Paris, and the Ncbllityto 

the Duke of Hohzh, 79,80 joynrvithhim ibid. 

Botru fent Embafiadopir Coficludes a feace u^on 

ifitoEvighndyOitaws aren- conditlcm. 1^ 

vdy of new Embajfadoars J^epres a meeting with 

then'e, 1 14 the Dnke of Khxny which 

Brifon refufes to be com-* was afented to, 2^ ^24. 

frifed in the peace 117 Writes to theKtng^Qtieen 

CivesUpVouCm to L^^' Parliaments &c. ig 

dlguieres. 118 Upon fnmmons to wait 

Buckingham arrives upon the King into Guien- 

ifoith a great FUet in the ne, changes his pretences. 

^<7^^f<7^RochelIe5 and is 29 

ref fifed admittance into the SoUicits the jiffemhly at 

fdrr, 132 GTQnohlQ to joy n with him 

Saint Blancarle flam in who fcnt Deputies to the 

the I fie of Kqq, i^f; King atJours. 29 

Bragneau W by theKa- S:gnes the Peace, 5 j 

chel ers to bny provifionsy The Princes his return to 

f^rnifheshir/felfbm neg- Cohrt oppofed by Bovillon^ 

leBs his cpp. rt unity to re- and others ; he privately 

turn t^ them • 152 makes his peace with thi 

'Bn^on endeavours to be* Qu^en, ^j{ 

tray Vivaxetz to the Prince ._^ Js arefled by the Queens 


The Tabic. 

cnirr] 39 han. T02,iq:j 

Chinon feUe^t on hj the Chaligny mlr^cnl a fly 

Marjhal ^ouvrQ, 41 prefe-ved 109 

The Prince of Conde The Prtr.cefje of Coiide 

fttes to huynt^ for his /ti^er- amhitlous to marry ^-r 

tj^, 45 dangi ter to the Duke of 

Chaftillon proposes the Anjou. I2^ 

rec ^Uln go j his forces with Chalais kills dc Luadc 
the T)iike of Rohjn , the in at du /, the conj^q^i t^ce 
^jf mbly oppofe hir^t, 6^ of it. ibi^. 

Du Cros, afajji?i^tid in Emh^i^cs 'he tnterefis of 

Monrpdlier. 70 the1>4keof Anjo'.u ibid. 

Chiftillon r^i^^i LaToui', The ChahcJl'-ny's (eab 

L'Abbti 74 tal^^from him^for fiOi da*- 

Chauve a ^^inificr nngtoowa his CoHnel f,r 
creats with Rohan ato^t the cor^m'tmeH of the 
Chaftillon, r/jf ^«%/ ^«- Marfh^fil (J O^nono. 12^ 
fwertohim. ']'^>79 Chains leaves cte Dit^ 

Chaftillons refluhJifh- of Anjou, and h comes (% 
ment moved in the Affem^ fervant to the Cardwdl, 
bly at Lunell, op^ fd gen - '127 

rally y and' p-.rt chLitIj by iPle deserts hm i^gnn^ 
Dupuy. 80 andisftnt Pnfan rto Na >• ^ 

A»d by theT)epHties of ces. 127 

the Sevenes. 81 T tried^ ( a^demned, and 

Chauve/o^c/Vtfx Dupuy €xerHt?d. 1.8 

mncerning Chatiillo- . 81 The 'Z)hcI e^se 0^ Chov- . 

And treaty with Bindl-^ reufe fll s ihto Lorrair % 
Ion. 82 126 

The Cof7fiila'e of Mam- Chevrillis chfn Govn^' 
pellier contrary to the Ar* nam in Br'fons vlace, i ^9 
tides divtdt^d bet^en the Chwtmm^uotal^enby 
trot c flints \and Paplfisy by Chev ri 1 1 s . l ^ i 

Valence. 5;^ Claulel nro-of.s to Ro- 

Caftres bravely prefer- han relle fr m Spaine: tl-^e 
ved i f the Dtfchep of Ro- ejftU of it^ 178,17? 

han, Q^i Ca* 


The Table. 

C^niffonh'^ve/jdefoi" Efpernon ravages the 

dcd. 203 Co:4ntrey '^ahoHt Montau- 

Teildedtfponcontf option, ban 107 

204 Emhapadors mediate a . 
ChtvnWts treachery con- peace between the King and 
cernirig Privas. 206,207 his S-^b jells, 115 

The Englifli Embaf^a- 

D, dors ^re caution for the ob- 
Dapuy r/?<^rf ^^ by the fcrvationofth^ Pca:e, 115 

Duke of Rohan, to f e that Forraign Cmbafjahurs 
nothing wtrs concluded Jigne the League at Paris. 
c oncer Kirg Chdnillon , Ur:- 1 1 5 

leffe he rvotild confent to jire difcontented at the 
give up Ki^^uz-ix^.oits, 79 Tcace afterwards fgncd 
. which he duly obferved, 80 with Soain. ibido 

Divifons among the Enguih Secretary his 
Troteftant party cccajion Speech to f /?f Rochwilers. 
the lojje of many towns, 84 ^ 3 -> 1 5 5 

Divifwns in Rochelle. with their Reply, ibid. 

ICO The Englill:! difcent into 
Deputies (jenerat ^ viz. the IJleofKtz^the ijfue of 
G^rerande^;^^Bazin,f/j(7- it, 1 34,&c. 

fen by the command of the The Englilii draw off 
King. 102 fr'^m the I file of^z. 1 49 

Tha Earle cf Denbigh Are defeated in their at- 
fent with a Fleet to the re- tempt upon the Fort, 1^0 
//r/ '/Rochelle 171 And in their retreat to 

Divijions in Caftry be- their fioips, \^\ 

tween Chavagnac and St. F. 

Germie-. 177,191,192 Ranee, the ftate of^ 
Theiffusofthem, 1^6 France after the death of 

Henry the Great, p. i 

E. • Laperte/rz/^;?/^ to the 
"E^pQrnon wrought to at- ^//^<7f Rohan, commit" 

tenipt the O^ieens dellvc- ted to the Ballille, for en* 
Tahce^whichhs efelts.^iy deavouritig to fo've' the 

48 ^ Q^ en 

The Table. 
Slusen. 47 K. 

La Force left hy Rohan in The King of Eng'and fer^ 
Cuienne. 58 /w^^^a Bouilbn ^W Ro- 

La I^OiCejieUs up Sr. Foy . han fo a reconcUiuion. i S 

76 The King and ^^een meet 

Ff^rce jfiggles reih the ^ToufS. 49 

Forraign Emb^^ffadours The King levies an Army 

155 againft the Queen ^m/Lrch* 

Fargis Emhaffadofir in es into Norma ndy,r/?f«re 
tpi'm, hars the if lame of to Angers, and defeat i 
the peAce made with the Queens Forces at 
Spain. 121 PontdcCc. 52.53 

Florae corrupted hy de For- The King be[teges MonheuC 
tes , is tak^n bj Monctc- and takes it upon compoftti' 
don. 153 o«, 67 

Faucon corrupts his ovpnof- The King carried from Pa- 

ficers, ijp mtoO:'Qins^ and thence 

G. to Nances , by thofe who 

The Dfik^of Quik /cl/ici' defired a contintiance of 
ted to new engagements the rear. 76 

by the Marfhd Bouii- The Kin^ dfcends into the 
\oi^ bat in vain. 40 /otv^t Languedoc. 7^ 

Clgmc viitf4alUd by Bcrz'u The King forwayds the 
che cs. 70 m^^riage of the Dnk^ tf 

Galand an enemy to t' € Anjou. 125 

Dtiks <>/Rohan, 1 1 9 The King of Engia nd fends 

H, a Gentleman to the Duke 

Hauvre de Grace in Nor- cf Rohan, kis Mejfagey 
nundy bought by the theDiikisreflj. 1^0 
Cardinal dc Richeliea. The King of England 

128 goes in perfon to Portf- 
/. mo^^hto (xfeditethe re' 

^^. John d* kr[gd^, attempt' lief fsr Rochelle. 1 87 
edjfftit in vain^ reinforced The French Kings expedi^ 
by Rohan. 57 tiijn to Sufa. 20a 

^^ Jq'in de B;Cuill taki^ by The peace being ?nade, fends 

, Rohan. iqi Q^^ hiA 

i; Tfie Table. 

his ferces into Langue- D;ikf^ ^ ^Kd Pecres <?/ 

doc. 201 France, /;?grc/<r «// 6?^- 

l^ongncvilkpoffrffeshimfilf ces, 52 

'' of the Town and (^afile of Lu^l^CS fends tofomdthe in- 

Peronne. 38, 39 cU'^ationscfthe Duke of 

luyncs the Ki^gs favon- Roaan,rfWSaub'ze. 57 

rue. 38,41.42 hiynt$ invites the Duke of 

Msingott and BouiW nfent Rohan to an interview^^ 

to treat with the Dnke of vphich he agents to, 64 

Longuevillc. 39 They meet. ibid. /iW 65 

Luynes makes Deagent and But to no purpofe. 66 

Modene his chief (^oun- Luyncs ^r the Jiege of Mon- 

cellors^andimpo'esaCon- htur diet h of (icknefs. 6j 

fejforonthe King, ^4 Lcfdiguieres enters Viva- 

Ccnfnes Mangot to his retz. 79 

houfe : fends the B'lfhop 'jBeJieges and hatters VouCm, 

of Lucon to Avignon, W Blaccons gets in^^' defends 

B^vbln to the *Ba'fti/le. ib. it hravely : by the Duke 

Cai/s aney^ffemhij ofHo- cf Rohan's me dim ion is 

tabks, at Rouen , and yielded upon conditiotis 70 

^efis himfelj tn the Go - Lefdiguiercs imites Rohaii 

vernment of Norman- to n per fonal Treaty, Jl 

dy. 45 Langaedoc much dijheart- 

Jl^farries the daughter of the ned at the Kings ap^ 

Dukscf^onibizonjbid. preaches^ foUicites the 

Lucon hy his brother in lavf Duke to come to them \ 

folitcites his return from the like foUicitations re- 

AwgnoD^ whit her he was ceives he almofl from all 

hanifhed , prormfmg to places, 77 

incline the ,QueeA tofuch Leldiguicres m.^JeConflMe 

a peace as the King Jhould of France, invites Rohan 

defire, \ 49 to an intervietp^whifb he 

Luynes feek, to ruine the ajfentsto, ^6 

jf)«l^fo/ Rohan. '51 Languedoc jealous of the 

Relea(es the Prince. ibid. i-7)^i^ffo/ Rohan. 94 

Vyt\t% and his brothers ma^e Lc diguires his death, and 


The Table: 

charaBer. 1 18 Uonl^gxxt fent to the Duke 

I^ufignan beats uf Lcfcures o/Rohan. 131 

quarters in Trillct. 1 1 o HonUgxxt fends an exprefs 
lynfcy made Admiral of /o Rohan. 104 

the Fleet defigned for the The Magijlrates of Mj^ 
relief of Rochcl Ic. 187 zcres refufing to admit the 
'Arrives in the Rode of Ro- Dnke of Rohan into their 

Chelle. 188 town^ he u let in by the 

M. foptiUcj, 146 

MonCauban declares for the Malauzc, formerly a friend, 

"Duke o/Rohan. 3 t mw oppofes the D»l^e. 1 54 

Montigny made Marfhall Montpellier attempted^ bnt 

ofY'f&n(^t^ and G over nour the deftgn is betrayed. 

of Berry is fent to his I56,&c. 

Command, 41 Montmorcncy, and the 

^onlz\}\t2ir[ fortified hyKO' Prince of Conde joyne 

han. 59 their Forces ^tak^e'OzmU 

Befeged by the King, 61 cr^. 164 

*BrAvely relieved, bj Beau- Maugis GovernofirofKcal' 

fort. ^2,53 mont betrayes it to the 

The fiege raifed by the PrtncefffCondQ. 164 

Kirjg. 66 St. Michel made Governonr 

Montmorency takes feve- o/Moncauban. 166 

ral f laces in Langue- Snpprejfes a dangerous mu^ 

doc. 70 tiny there, ibid. 

Montlaur taken by the lA^rvks befieged ^ the diffi^ 

Duke o/Rohan. 71 culties the Duke meets 
y[oni2X\\yssideJires a Govern mth there. 169 

nour , St. Andre de St. Michel jealous c/'tlha- 

Montbrun is fent, ^c. 77 ftillon Govsrnour ofCd^n* 
lAidSiUze fetches off the Gar-, hd^yfurpri zes him iff his 

n/o»/ro»? Rcalmont. 85 Garrifon. 184 

Montpellier^^/f^tf^^j' r^^ y^/^^/ fever al Garrifons 

King. 26 4^(5/;/f Montauban. 185 

Marmeyrac fecures Aletz Maxaribal upon mijinfor^ 

fir the Duke of Rohan. 1 1 1 ntation cfpofet Rouffilierc 

' ^ ^ - "^ h. 

The Table: 
iff hit Command^ in Sa- plcffij,f(? Bouillon to he 
ycrdune. 102 treated on in the Ajfem^ 

N. ^// 4^ Chaftclrauc. 4 

'A feMtionraifed InNlfrnQS^ Da PlelfiS leaves the Af-- 
hy Brif^n. 74 femhly of the five ^ro^ 

Nifmes declares againfi the vinces of Rochelle, and 
Governtment of Brifon , draws with him the Prc- 
and de fires to live under vince cf Anjou, 19 

the Cotftmand of their The Parliament of Paris by 
ownConJtils^ nntill they Declaration invite the 
had more occafton for a Prince, and Peers to pyn 
Qovernstir. 7^ rvith them ^ and frejent 

iJ^S^SLts^and Bezicres endea- very hold Remonftrances 
vour to alienate the a^e^ to the King kimfelf 26, 
Itions of the Sevcnes fror» 27 

Kohm^hutinvain. I or PardaiIIan*5 treachery pre- 
Nifme> declares for the vented by his tvpo fins, 66 
^fike o/Rohin. Ill He is afterwards fi^in in an 
New divifif.ns there occafi' Inne. ibid. 

oned by Montbrun , and Puzieus the Kings favou- 
his brothers, II3 rite ^ his character. pi 

t^iimes protefis againfl- the Viiz'euKoppofesKohan. 94 
peace concluded at Aktz, l?ozicu%difgrafed, g6 

O. 224 Le Pare d' Archiat mak^es 

Gi'itontaksnby theTytike (f honourable conditions for 
Soubize. 76.98 his men in the /(le of Re, 

OXeron poorly yielded. I \o I JO 

Ornano conrted by the Pounn/^i^f;;^/ Brifon.113 
Sijieen^ and thofe that The Marquees dc Porteg 
cppofed her , abofit the feeks by oppreffing them^ta 
marriage with the Prin" excite the people to new. 
c^jo/ Montpenficr, 122 commotions. 118 

Ottim(i fecHred. 1 24 ?3itakrs takenby the Dfik^ 

Ornano dies^ of the flone. o/Rohan. 147, 148; 
P. The Proteflants barbaroufly 

Profofitions fient from pU ufed by the Df*kf 0/ Ven- 

• tadour^* 

' The Table. 

tidouXjaj^d others^ 1$^ 
Poufin taketi by the Duke ^ 

of Rohan. i^i 

lieu to hi Soubize , u ^^^ >^, • ;^ ^^^^ ^ 

Privas ^.y/.^.^. 206, -207 ^^^^^^ ,^ ^^^ ^;^ . 5^^ 

^ ^.^jfj-^/ peAce concltided j^hn d' Angelis, fend, 

. at Alczc. 223 ,i,i,h,^ Hauhe Fontain. 

yohcm i'mmcdlatlyhefol- 

lews, pag. 14 

^ Returns ftom St. John Xf? 


^, ^ , , /. Fontain /j/rf Deputy y in 

The Qiieen changes the Of^ 5,^ j^tin. 15 

fffr/(j/6r4:f, ^«^r^./fT Returns thence a^ain to St. 
fever al ^r^nies. 41 j ^j^^^ i^^j ^^ 

2 ^j ihieens Gmrds taken j, undermined at Court by 
from hen 42 Bouillon , and propofals 

She is removed to Blois , ^^^, ^f ^,/7,^/' i^;^^ 
VPherefhe u clofelygmr- 16 

j'^' 44 The If He of that Affair. 

The ^neen meets the King ,^ ^^^ 

at Tours, has Anjou, Rohan Courted by the 
mth the ( aftles of An- Frincetojojm with him- 
giers Pont dc Ce, and fendsU^uXiQ Fontain to 
Chmon given to her, 49 obferve his aBlons , and 
The£lueen defeated at Pont writes to the Queen. 2 1 
^^^^' S3 Rohan attherequeftofthe 

The Queen Mother very Nobility^ and Governors 
defirous to ccnfummate of the %jligion ^ eng^^ 
the marriage betmen the ges to oppofe the MarPja- 
Duke d* Anjou and the ges with Spain. 50 

Frincefs Montpenfier, is Isfollicited by the Queen to 
cppofed by mny y and joyn with her, 51 

"^^y^ ?.?? E'^g^ges the ^ffembljy 


The Table. 

4Hi. Body of the Trst- Rohan fills ftcl^ at Monr- 

ft ants with him, ibid. pefrcrr. 70 

Tak^ Le^lour, andforc s Rohan and Lefji^uier>;s 

iheCifUe, ibid. aiverttf- th' Aff mhly 

Rohin obtains rhe Go- General of tae Treaty a^ 

vernment of Poi6lou. gresd on bctiveen them. 

t/^pplles hlmp/f to th Roh\r\ r'tu'<s to h'^ Arw/ 
Q^een, jbid. ^^\^\\'^cii^Z^hls ad:\ons 

RohiO gets have to vlfit there, 72, 7 J 

the Qjecn^cwdretlres IK" Rohan h^ftegs^ and take's 
to picdmoiit. 4:} i)C. Gjorges In fight of 

Rohan fe^ to reconcile the Di*^ of Mo.iCTio- 
hu'ini^s to the ^^eenyhis rency. ibid, 

rtafons to move Irjlm to it Rohan forbids the A(i m^ 

^^ bly of the fivs Province f 

Perfivades the Qneen to to meet at Nilnie^, and 

\m^ke her Pc^ce ii^^th the defeacs th" P^rj^ofes ofBd^ 

Kmp^ivhhhjhe did.^g, Ton. 74 

Kohm In oppoft ion to Lu- Rohan prevents tSe dejign 

ines, adheres to the of fom; df contents at 

Qj en^ptrfivades her to Moncpellier. 8^ 

rem ve to Bourdeaux, ReA o^s whl h move I the 

Tvhlch fhe refafed. 5 1 J^f^ks ^f Rohan to con^ 

Retz, the £)% of Rv:[2, iM^ a Peice at Monc- 

revo-ts from the Qi4et:n, p2llier„ 87 

53 RochelL f nds Deputies to 

KohzOy advert Izi^ed th^ King. pj 

^ lojfes he had received y Rohan performs the A " 

marctiys Into the lower tides of his pa-^t, 92,9} 

Lan^uedoc. ^9 Is made a Trlfoner by Va* 

Cardinal dc Rerz , and Jence, enlarged by the 

Schomberg, nfurp the King. ibid. 

management of the Stute Vdc\\\\t\x the Kings Favo'4» 

Affair s» ' 6j rite^ gS. Continues the 

Rohan chofen General, ib. Treaties begun with lor* 

The Table. 

TA ign State f] p7 advantage hlmfelf hy the 

Rochullers afply the^K- Letttrs from Rocb^ilJe. 

Jeivst'Kohmafjd Sou- i^5>i3<5) i^7 

bize. ^^. IJleof V^i defcrthed.i^'i^ 

Rohan c^Jls an ^jf^mbly x ^^ 

of thff Seven^s ^t An- Rohan fublifloss his D cU-- 

dLZ«. ir^i. Fails of his rations, ibid. 

Levies, 1O2 Rohan fentenced hy the 

Rohan marches totvaras Parliament of IhoXoixi^. 

Rcalnaonc. 105 140 

The ^Dutchfs of Rohan Gets into )si\\\h\xd,\ ^1,0 h^ 
af faints a %jind z^vohs taints a v.Bory over 
f.t Brafiac. Ic4 Mon:morency. 145 

Rochelkrs ind'fcrea y re- Re rs-infor. ed by . he King 
ftife the Peace offered of ¥:3.ncQ. ^49,' So 
the?^, 107 Rohan difmantJey vr^l 

Tl e Dut chefs d?/Roha n .h^r jmall Gamfons, 1 5 g,and 
dcmeanonr fiwar is^ich" engages the peon U ^ot to 
X\t\x^and.he'ETi^[\\k\Em' lijitn to any particular 
haff.hitrs, 115 Treaties . i6q. and then 

X)ejignes agatnfl Rohan , f^ocecds with his Army, 
which hefitiflrates, 118, ibid# 

119,120 Rohan* jT care to preferve the 
VdchliQU promotes the mar- Countrey about Nifnes. 
riage with Madam de 175. Ravages fill the 
Montpenfier. 123 Comtrey up to the Wall 

Richlieu under jlands the of Bcaucaire. J'j6,meets^ 
contrivances of the T>tih,e f.nd takes a good booty of 
of Savoy, and 01 hers a- Salr. ibid, 

gainfl him, 125 Rohan befieges Cref'eil. 

'Endeavours to out Ven- 179 

^O^vat of his Government Storms it y and isrepulfed, 
0/ Bricany. 1 2^,1:6 ibid, 

V>.dti^Vk S Mother and St fler Rifes at the approach of 
fiie fromVmsto Ro- Montmorency. 180 
chz\U,i^2.hispolicyt9 Rohan pnts a pary i u 




GallargueS. iSl- '^'ho So\x\>\i^ makes his Leites 

are taks^ > ^'''^' P^^ ^^ '^ Poictou a»d Xain- 

dearh. 183. H^ in re- tonge. 31 

ve'fjge jits d&)vrt hsfore Sully perfwades the c^/- 

Moncs, takes it ^ ayjd [emhly to aFeace, 34 

' hangs moft of the Prifo- Sully tifon the mntinj a- 

ners, ibid. 6^ 1 84 g^'^^ft the Mjirfhal d* 

Hochelle take^yi^o. The KnatylahoHrs acomp* 

infiHcr.ce it had on the [tire, 40 

'^ Reformed Party, 191 Sivoyj the D^k^ of S^vo fs 

Rohan takes St. Amanr. fuccefs in Akxandria^. 

tg^. Defeats trvo Nego- 43 > 44 

tiations for a particular Saumurc taken from du 

Teace, 194,195. Con- Pleffis. 57 

^^;?fj <« General A ffsm- Soubizt his attempt on Bh-- 

f /y /szf Nifmes. I96 V^Zywithhisfi^ccefsinit. 

Rohan // follictted on all 97^9^ 

hands for recrmts, 216, Soubize dif owned hy feve-^ 

Refolves upon H General ral Towns, ibid 

^eace, iij Seven Sonldiers of Toh y 

S their generous AEiion, 

Sully, ^^^ D^i^tf <?/ Sully 5 105 

his rulne endeavoured hy Sou\)izt defeats Manti, and 

fome of the Grandees ^4nd the Admiral of Holland. 

jphy^ together with the I O 7. The effeti of the 

means they ufed to dc- vi5iory gained by Sou- 

f rive him of his Offices, bize. ibid, 

2 Soubize, ^y/^^fo^; of the 

Sully urging the Affembly Rochelbrs , and Trea- 

tointerefs themfclves in chery of fome of his Of^ 

hi's canfey is oppofed by fleers^ worsted in the Ifle 

Bouillon. 8 of Re. 108, 109 

The Affembly declare for Soubize fails for En^lmd,. 

him, 9 109,110 

States General convene at The Duke of Szyoy feekj the 

Patis. 25 r.'Y/W r/ Richelieu, ^W ^7 

tde Tabic; 

what means I 124 V 

Tl:e Count ^j/Soiflbns fiies Vendofme , the Dul^ of 
into Italy. 1 29 Vendofme's efcapes into 

Scaglia Stfil^^jfadour from Britany. 2a 

the Dy.l^e of Savoy into VtMoivCiOt^eJerted by the 
England, endeavours tie Frmce, 24 

r/^i>;f <?/RicheJ'eu. 1 29 Is forced to fUhmit to the 

Sjubize hythe hdp cf his Ajfemhlyof the Efi^esof 
Jldjthcrgets in^o^ochzi- Bricany. I5 

le, together with the En- Vieuville the K'ln^s f >r- 
glilh Secretarj^hu Speech V0Hritc,^6, difgracedy4nd 
tothcKochdkis.i^i^i^^ fent to' Axhois. ihi 

^ouh'izt proclaimed Tray- Viganf^^f^/^ Rohan.ioi 
tour, 140 Valence brave' y oppofed 

S2.vtid\m taken ^^Hohan. ^/5. Blancarr.- 102 

145,147 Ytnioimty and hts brother 

The Count ^f Soiffons hiK- fent Vr if oners to Amboifc 
dirsthe onjUnBion of the 126 

Trotefian^s in Dauphine Valertc refufes to receive- 
rcith the Dtiks^ 1 6z the Dpike 0/ Anjou's par* 

Sauverr^^^/ with the Count ty until his fathers plea* 
e'fA\^Z.2i^^2i^.Muti' furervere kjte^r^ff. 127 
r^ies againjl Randon. 2 1 S Vendofme and his brother 
Rohan^e^x thither in per- fent to the Bois deVincen- 
fon, 221, nes. 128 

T ' Vendofme ^^/-f^ <?f his go* 

Toiras mnde governour of vernn em cf Bricahy./^/W, 

Fo:t-Lewi'S. P-97. Vicerobre taken by the 

^httnints brings an ^r'yy DukeofK^hat). I75 

nnto Lauraguais and Alb - Y'lti^sfent by the Bifhop of 

geois. 1 01 Mande, to deiude l/ion- 

JhiV[)ir[Qs falling f^ponLu" tauban. Ip7 

fignin'j cjuarters , ts W 

bravely repnlfed, j o ? The grounds of the fecofid 

HhQ^nincs made G over rour ffarre^ 9^9 93^9$ 

^/Brkany. 128 


Faults cfcapcd in the Printing. 
In the Memoires, 

PAgc 3. 1. 39. r. Amelioration 6fj &c. p. i^. 1. 41. for deter- 
minace> r. terminate. p.xi.l.iS- for notjaddcjr. adde Hid, 
for retaining, r. retiring, p. 17. 1. 9 forvcndibleji.venal p. 28. 
1. 40. r. praftices. p. 41- 1-^j and 7. r. drawn the Duke of Gidfe 
and his brothers to her party. i^'^iA.'^iAoz Lueon, x, Lucon, p. 
45.1.25'. r. firft fight. x>.^6. 1.41* r. in regard of j&c. p. 
fiiit with. p. 49. 1.8. r.with Bcthun. p. 52. I.34. r.whofe marriage, 
p.71. 1.5. r.attaque. p. 7^. 1. 19. r. I'uidtou. 87.I.20.^or- 
tunate. p.95. I31. r.raxing. p.ii4.!.4. r.torubmittothem.p.nj^^ 
1. 4. r. fhe. p. 125. 1. 10. r.toogreat. p. I27. 1.42. for whojr. 
Ivhilft. p. 1 3 9. 1. 1 . r.built. p. 1 3 9. l.ult. for fecurities, r.feveritics. 
p.ij^. 1. 13. r.razing. p. 15 7. 1.15-. for called, r. culled, p.i^i.l. 
2J. for removed, r. relieved. p,i9i.l.4 2.r.Irremediable. p. 212. 
1.1}. r.undertook. p.2i3.1.i6.r.protrad the Cap — p.xi4.1,32. 
for had, r. having, ibid. 1. 26, r* Irremiable. 

Ifi tie Politicks Dffcoffrfes, 




Of the DUKE of 


Made at feveral times upon 
feveral Occafions- 

Written originally in FRENCH; 

and now render'd into SNg LI SH. 


By 6. B: Efq; 

i N V }9, 

Primed hy 7 homos RatcUffe, fotG. Bedell and 

r. Collins^ at the middle Temple Gate in 
Fleet firm. 1660. 


of the HEADS of each 



'Port thf deMh of Henry the CreMl Page c 


'jit the AJfemtlj »/SaumurcL /. 6 

III. , 


Vfon the St4tc ef France , dnrh^ the ferfecutl' 
9m At St. John. P« ^ ^ 


Vfon the Voyage «•/ the King In July,i6i^. p, 2| 

Vfon the GQvemmcnt of the Queen^Motheri MAde 
uithe j^earyi6lj* f. 2$ 


Afr^e Dlfcofi'^fe ufs^i the pre fern times y l6lj,p, ^6 


Z^poa the occafion df the Divift$ns in Holland) made 
in the yeavj i6l8. p. 37 


[RenfoHs of the Peace made before Montpellier , i» 
the year y 1612. f. 40 

\ IX. 

The I) tike of Kchm*s Apology concerning the late 
Tronhles inYlZXiQ.^ about Religion. p. 47 


Monjieur the Prince his Letter to the Dtskj of Ro- 
han, p. 5<5 


The Dt*ke of Rohan's Anfwer to the Prince, p . 5 S 


The Duke <?/ Rohan's Manlfefto^ coneernifig the late 
Occurrences in the Qonntry of the Grifoas , and the 
Valteline. p. 60 


A Letter to Monjietfr the Prince of Gonde. p. $ 3 



rolitiaue D iscourses 



^lade at feveral Times iipbri feveral 


D ^ s c o u R s Ei i; 
%^pon the Death of Henry the Great. 

F I had ever caufe to' mix my own', with 
the general groanes of France , it was 
at the deplniable Fate of Hetiry the Great, 
full of fad and dlfmal Confequcncei 
to us, but happy, as to his own par- 
ticular ; For thouCTJi he lived inviron'tf 
with difficulties , yet did he fo furmount 
them all , that in the mid' ft of all, he ftill 
remained a Conqueror , alwayes in joyed himfelf, and ac 
kt^ch beheld the iuin« ;of his enemies j foine affefted by his,: 

3 oth^> 

% The 7)'jh of Rohatf^ Difcourfe 

others by thcii- on hinds, and ihc reft ciying oit for help. 
Thus did their to:al deftrudion give h*Jn the opportunity 
to vccoUeft the ihactcci pieces of this bro'-cen State, and by 
his W^Xianw and \?io vcfi, to cement and render it more ft;ong 
and glonous than ever. After his coning to the Crown, he 
fpent eight years in reducing it to his o^^edience , which , 
thoia;h full of thorny Traverfes, may not imk^roptily be 
caWtd the ha^pieji cf his lifey evay addic.on to his repuution, 
proving a firm Bulwark to his State. The true hauplnefs 
of a mignanimous Prince confifts not in the lon^i; ^off;fTion 
of a great Empire , which many times fenres only to plunge 
him in Luxiry j but, from a low and dcfpcrate coiidltlon to 
lalfe an 1 eftaolilh his own Throne , enlarge his Territories , 
and fatisfie the nobler Appetite of his Soul and Courage, 
rather thaa the fenfaal fugecftions of his body. Our fleeps 
arc many times more un:a(ie in o^r beds, than in the field ; 
jlpris any repofe fo fwect, as that which is the purchafe of 
danger. This v\as the felicity d our late King of immortal 
nieiK)ry5 who by his inielat'3;rble cares and indufby, fnatch- 
cd pea e, even oit of the midft of perils , and to compkat 
his happincfs , lived twelve yv:ars in a glorious poifcflion of 
it , ftjl augmenting , ftrengthning and em'>ellilliing hii E- 
i^ate , fo that he became no lefs the dread , then wonder of his 
Neio;hbours , an i Arbitrator of all ChrilUndomc : But in the 
height of all this greatnefs, withoJt any apprehcnfion either 
of fear or grief, yielded to a fate , common to many g'cat 
perfons : But, O Death I more vsort^y a Tyrant, then fo 
fvveet a Prince .* Unhappy Death ! though not in rcf efl df 
him, yet of his People, whom he hath left to the tuition 
of an Infant , of nine years old j f irround:d with porenc 
Adverfarles abroad, f II of bo'-itcfgrn with'.n , and diftraifted 
by the feveral Interefts of the Princes and Religion. Let us 
juftly then bewail the greatefl the world ever knew , 
who was good to all, injurious to no mm ; whof: death hath 
bereaved fraace of Him , who her ternbl. to her neigh- 
bours , prefc.ved her in Peace, and Unity within her felf, 
and enriched her with all forts of good. But from this hap- 
py condition are we fallen under the Relgi\ of an infant, 
and expofed to the Conduct of a Princefs, little veifed ia 
AfFilrcs , and oppdcd by the Grandees of the King.lome , 
ambitious to advance themfelves , during the weaknefs of 
her Government , in which, private dcfignes fupprefs the Good 
and Interefts. The Treafares are r>rofufed , the Ar- 
fcnah cmbezilied , and all ac die difpoilcion of Farourltes. 


upon the Death of Henry the (jteat^ ^ 

The fiomparlfon of the prefenc , with our former condition > 
will Afficientiy difcover the juft caufe we have to de^Jore 
bur Prince ; To infenlible arc we of ojr good , that we ne- 
ver apprehend it, but by its want and abfence. Vrx/ict , in His 
lifetime flourilLed with fuch piorpcrity, as twelve hundred yeaiS 
before could never parallel. His death hath fatally enhaunf- 
ed the price of our Repofe : Whil'ft he lived , the only 
awe of Him refVrained the mifchievous , whom now His 
death hath encouraged in their wickednefs , leaving them ac 
liberty to puifue with a full career their pernicious Machina- 
tions. The ftill frefh memory of his Name, retains theni 
yet in fome refpeft , but every fuccecding day that carries 
us to a further diftance from Him , are fo many advances 
in the way to dlfobedience and rebellion* Thofe who have * 
feen the Reign of chx)k'i the ninth , with that deluge 
Ot evils that aftenvards overwhelmed all Fi'A'/tce ^ will make 
an eafie conjedurc of her prefent danger, Charles the nintht 
came to the Crown when he was two year$ older than our 
prefenc King , governed by the Queen his mother , a wife 
and politique Prlncefs , and yet what fad effefts attended hisf 
llcign ? The fame Faftions , the fame Interefts , and Pre- 
tences are yet in being , though not in the fame vigour r 
For our King Hmry weakened them , yet have they now op- 
portunity to recruite again. The power of our enemies abroad 
is nothing lefTened , nor their Will to hurt us any thin^ 
abated. Moreover , the dtfeds in the management of prece- 
dent Aftions, are fo many inftrudions, and profitable pre* 
cepts for this prefent age , to dired them in the Govern- 
ment of theirs : Then vvere we Novices in the Art of fowin^ 
the feeds of difcord , in which every one is become a Mafter. 
The ambitious humours of men are rather encrcafed, than 
diminifhcd, Thefe condderations are enough to make us 
fenfibleof the danger of the Stare, and ot our own lofs.- 
'Tis neither hope* of my own panicular advancement, nor 
fear of the ruine of the Reformed Party, that moves my 
tears : I too well knew how jealous the King was of per- 
f«ns of my Quality and Reli ^ion , and am very fenfiblc y 
that we were never more confiderable, than at prefent ; For 
that we have now no Princes of the blood amongft us, isan- 
addition to our ftrength ; for when we had them, they were 
not ours , but we were their fupport , and did theii' bufinef?: 
at our cofts. Prance was then divided by the houfes t£ 
Bourbon and Lc/4W, but the pretence was taken from the 
difference of ^^.digion'i but now fincc both the ©ne, and the 

4 The Vuke of Rohan'^ Dif course 

Other profefs the Kowi/Z? Faith j the former colour is gone, 
b\it the Divifion of the Fopi^o party leaves us at libeity ta 
adhere to which party we pleafe ; I deplore in the lofs of 
6ur invincible King , that of Tiance in general : 1 bewail 
his Perfon , and regret the glorious opportunity we have 
loft •, and from the bottom of my heart , grieve at the manner 
of his end; Our own experience will foon inform us, how juft 
a Subjeft he is for our Tears : The people raurmurc already ,. 
and feem to prophefie their future calamities : The Townes 
are guarded, as if they expefted a Siege : The Nobility 
fcek their fafety amongft the moft eminent of their own 
Order j whofe factions give them large apprehenfions of 
danger, but not the Icaft appearance of any fecurity. In fhort , 
he can be no true Vrcnch man , whom the lofs of this good 
Genius of V'fmce doth not even kill with Grief: Together 
with his perfoa , I deplore his Courtefie and Affability, his 
fvveet and obliging Converfation : The Honour he did me , 
the admittance he vouchfafed mef even to his moft private 
receft'es, oblige mc not only to lament him, but even not 
to love my felf in thofe places , where the fight of my 
good prince formerly afforded me fuch infinite happinefs : 
I regret the moft noble and heroick enterprize was ever yet 
heard of. It is not credible that the Equipage of thirty 
ihoufand foot , fix thoufand horfe , a Train of Artillery of 
fixty Gunnes , and Ammunition for fixry thoufand fhoc , 
with all other furniture compleac, befides the Army then in 
Vaiiphhte y and the Recniites fent to the Frontier Townes,. 
fhould be defigned for the fiege of JnUiers , which was fince 
attempted with eight thoufand foot , and a thoufand horle : 
An opportunitjf 1 fhail never meet again , at leaft under the 
condud of fo great a Captain , and with fo ardent a de- 
fire to fei-ve and learn the ufc of Armes under his diredlon : 
An Army , fuch as no preceding King of France could ever 
raife ; which yet , had there been occafion , he could have 
kept on foot ten years , without the leaft opprefTion or injury 
to his People. Have I not then juft caufe to lament the 
lofs of the only oppoctunity I ever had, to fhcw my Zeal, 
Courage and Fidelity to my King ? Serioufly , each thought 
of it breaks my heart : One Pufh of Pike given in his 
prefence, had been a greater fatlsfaftlon to me, than to 
ivln a Battle now* Much more fhould I value the leaft praife 
from him, in that Art, of which he was the greateft Ma- 
fter of his time , then the Elogie of all other Captalnes 
now alive. I grieve at the manner of his deplorable death : 


upon the Death of Henry the Great2 5 

A Prince compofed of Sweetnefs and Clemency , which never 
did condemn an Innocent to death ; whofe very vidories 
were unbloody , contenting himfelf only to reclaim his enc- 
jnies to their obedience , whom he hath afterwards cheriflied as 
his Friends , and laden them with his favours. A Prince 
flow to anger , and moft p one to pardon , without gall or 
any revengefull thought, beloved axid feared, ^nd yet" in the 
mid'ft of his chief City ^ which he had made the Miracle of 
the world 5 attended by two hundred Gentlemen , in his 
Coach full of Princes and Lords, he received a fatal 
ftab with a knife , by a man , not animated by any defire 
of Revenge for any difguft received, nor excited by any 
of his Ne'ghbours , fearful! or emulqus of his generous 
Defignes , but infljgated only by the Writings and 
Sermons of the Jefukcs ^ who after ail this, blufli not to 
call themfelyes Vrench men , and can behold this difmall 
fpedacle without infliding on themfelves the punifhment 
due to that execrable I^ftrine , taught by them , which 
promifes Paradife to the Aff:ifsiJixtes of Kings ; Who , that 
ever lived under this moft >4uguft Prjnce, as I have done, 
can take pleafure in thefe preCent times ? I will now there- 
fore divide my life into two parts, and call that part of- 
k I have already paft, Hcip^y , fince it was imploycd in 
the fervice of Hmry the Great ; and that which 1 have 
yet to come u'/fortmatc , and fpend it in Lamentations, 
Teares , Sighs and Complaints : ^nd out of the honour 
which I owe his Memoiy 5 I will devote the B.emainder 
of my dayes ( the Kingdome of God being preferved in» 
tire ) to the fervice of France , becaufe it was his King, 
dome 5 to the King , becaufe he is his Sonne , and to the 
Queen , becaufe Ihe was oi\ce bi3 4ear Companion a;;^ 

B| PlSCOllRS? 

the Duke of RohanV Vlfcourfi 

Discourse II* 
/t the Aff^mhly at Saumurc. 


2dj hOids And Gentlemen y 

Lthqugh this be not the firft /^flemblyj that hath been 
^ .^ held upon the fame occafion , yet may it prove the 
fource from whence will flow much good or eviJl to the 
Reformed Churches in this King^m. We are now happened 
on a CxrtefouY^ where many wayes meet ; but there is 
only one that leads to oui' fafety. The life of Bemy the 
Great was our prefervation ; which wc muft no,v exped from 
pur own vertue. God hath taken him from us , that wc 
might no longer place our confidence in him , whom he had 
given to us and all Chriflendome , for theirs and owrs Re- 
pofe ; He hath deprived us of hm , as unworthy the con- 
tinuance of that Mercy; or clfe to become himfelf our 
Raifer and Defence, even when all humane helps faile us ; 
provided that qur intentions be good and holy. We muft 
therefore come to this ^flembly with a moft ardent zeal to 
prcferve the Peace of this Eftaie , and efpecially of the 
Church, and lay afide all ^nimofiries, Paflion and particu». 
iar Intercfts ; that with more Freedome and alacrity , we 
may fet about his work , and confequently cxpe(ft a blelling 
on our aftions. What greater glory can we be ambitious o( , than 
every man in his place , to be an inftrument to fupport 3, 
confirm and augment his declining , weak , and almoft de- 
solated Church? to which every one ought to contribute his 
afiiftance , according to the Talent God hath lent him. We 
have only the ufe , not property of anything in this world, 
v/hcrc weare only Ssrangcrs and Paflengers , and not to fix our 
abode: This mortal is not to be prolonged but in order to an 
fternal life: Ltt us therefore be as carefull in the fervice <^ 
pur God, as the wicked are in that of the Devil. Let us 
jnitatc them, not in their wickednefs, bur in parfa.'iig with 

at the (^ffemhly at S^VLvrntol 7 

ah equal zeal the Kmg ome oi:' Chail , as t'ley do that of 
Sathan. Let there be only tli^s ditfcrence Utn becwecn us > 
that we endeavour oxy prcfcrvacion by j ift and la fall 
wayes, whJc the others ufe ail manner of faude and trea- 
chery to undermine and rulne us. It behoves us to txwarc 
of them, it being of great conccrnmetit to us. 

Wc muft therefore fix upon three particulars, as the moft 
elTential , and on which all our other concernments depend. 
The firftis Unity among our f^lrcs. The fccond. Our Ad- 
miflion to all manner of Offices. The third and laft, to 
provide for places of fccurity. Both Reafon and Exam- 
ples have ever taught us, that Conco.d is the Cement and 
Stay ot all States and Sock-tics, as I ifcord is the diffipa- 
tion and ovcrt'irow. Let us be therefoc more ejcift in ths 
praAIce of this Maxime than formerly, ic bcjig the v:ry 
foundation di our whole Structure. And therefore have I 
begun with this iropofit.on , as being of the g eareft Imix>r- 
portance , and moll difficuL Execution , though x depend en- 
tirely upon our o. n Wills. What Encouragement w.ll it be 
to jour Enemies ; to ufufe us that, which is in t^cir power, 
ivhcn our on Divifions mikc fo palpable a dXcoveiy of 
our v^'caknefs > What advantage fhall we give them to break 
is upon us , when our own Difientions open them the 
Gates i And yet this hath been our conilant practice hi- 
therto. Is it not ftrange,that Reafon , the only diilinftlon 
between usani beafts, and which alone gives us light to 
^iifcem between good and evil, ihould fo mifl^ad us to the 
preferring the riches of the world , befoic the advanci ;g 
of the Kingdomc of Goi : the revenging of our o 'n, before 
his i^arrel .* the vanity of being init uments of mXc'^'cf to 
our ncareft Relations , b Jore our o.' n falvation ? In flio r , 
ihac Avarice, Revenge and Ambition fliouM ufarp the pof- 
fcflion of our fouls, and exclude thofe vcitues \sh.Si pro)cr 
feat tSey are. Let us make oir humble applications to GtI, 
that he would pleafe to rcdrcfs thtfc our tailjigs, and co 
♦ffift us with his Grace , that our words and [romif s, 
which have been hitherto fraudulent and trachcrous, miy for the 
future, P ovc infiHiMc plec^ges of our Fidelity. Let the 
care then of this Aff .nbly extend to all perfons ; Let -t re- 
ceive t*ie addrefTes of ail particulars, and in<juirc alfo into 
the condition of thofc whofe snodefly will not give them 
leave to be importunate. Let it impartially do Tuiiice ac- 
cordinsr to the merits of their caufes^, that fo t'ley may hive 
na caufe to feek their Protcdion elfewhere, li^ this re ^9 

B 4 . %\^ 


^ The 7) tike of RohanV Difcourfe 

the {Irength of our bonds , for if we arc remifs in this point i* 
all will abandon us , and ribinit tSemfelvcs to new ProtedorSo 
Let us alfo make an order obliging all the Provinces of 
this Kingdoms to fjbmit and adhere to the rcfolufioas of 
the Aflcinbly : And to this end we mift eftablih a Council^ 
;ii which all may bear a pait e By this means (hall we de- 
feat the hopes of f.ich jis i^cte^**! to the Prgtedion of the 
Churches who thruft themTelvcs in amongft us^ only to 
jpurchafe their own ends at par coft. And let us hold for 
an undoubted Majiime, that , No^e pretendi to fiicb a Foiver, 
biit mcerly to all Parties. We can acknowledge no 
ctfher Protedor then our King , fince he is our Soveraign , 
?nd we his SubjedSj who never yet held any correfppndenc? 
.with the enemies of the State , bat, notwlrhftanding all 
Mafl'acres and tormenting flames, have faithfully feived our 
Prince when he hath cpmiiianded us , and therefore with good 
ieafon may we demand , and infill: upon an admiflion to all 
Oifices and Dignities under him.* It were a moll high cru- 
elty , that we who are members of the §tate , French-mc^ 
lK)"n, fho'ild be excluded from that which eveij ftrangers 
jenjoy , and that by the foUicitation gf thofe who teach, that, 
A martd man du , when fx pleafs , abfQlve Siibjcf^s \fwm 
thtlf o.ith of AllcgiMce 9 and condemn our Religion for 
shat ; on the concrgry, it injoynes Obedience to our Princes , 
though Infidels. It is not to be doubted , but that when 
fich Perfons have the Kings ear , we fhall nriect many difficulties 
in this Affair ; But our Refolution and Unity muft fur- 
mount them ; for unlefs we obtain it , we cannot live with 
honour. But fuch is our bafenefs , thatinflead of afl'ifting^ 
We bend all our ftudics to fappiant one another, and are 
more envious at the advancement of our brethren than our ene- 
mies. Hence comes it , that we are fo ill treated as we 
are : Let us ail' therefore fee where we have failed in this 
particular , and refolve upon fuch a Jconftancy as may pur- 
chafe us the fatisfadion we juftly aim at , elfe fliall we oi^r 
felves give others caufc to believe us guilty of Treafon : 
To us will be imputed all the Murthers t'le Jepwcs have 
ro-nmltted on our Kings, if in their fteed w? hear the pu- 
nifh'.Ttent due to them. But thef? confiderations will be of 
no 'validity, unlefs we look better after our cautionary Towns 
zh^.n heretofore : By a fair and gentle complyance to rc- 
cialin our enemies fron their malicious defigncs , is a good 
V ly V hut to deprive them of all ms^ns , ^o erfeft them , 
is'-afurer: Bo:h th: 0:1;; and the oclier is fcifiblc , provid^il 

at the JJJemhly at Saumure/ ^ 

Wt conjoyne them ; for unlefs we compafs the latter, the formed 
will be of fmall toice. Ou\ amity will be more fought af- 
ter j wh^n freed from the fear of our enemies, we fliali b? 
in a capacity to relieve our friends i To this end wc muft 
refolutcly infill: upon the Article concerning our places of 
Security , whofe continuation is of greater concernment to us 
now then ever : If the late King conceived it juft , how 
much more profitable is it now for the State during the 
Minority and Nonage of this , to relirain the extravagant 
liberty our enemies might take , even in contempt of the 
Royal Authority it felf to rekindle that fire , and open a- 
gain that iflue of blood, which our great Hunry by his in- 
defatigable pains , and with the lofs of his own , hath hap* 
piJy quenched and flopped. The Minority of Chiirles the 
ninth, ought to be an example co warn all good people, to 
Jabour to avoid the like mifchiefs j but the fame example 
alfo animates all BoiitefcUs and Difturbers of the State to 
make ufe of their tiinc , and the prefent opportunity , to ejjc- 
cutc their malicious intentions againft it : We have an Intcreft 
in it, as being a part of it, if not the greateft , yet at leaft 
the beft , and for whofe fake, God in Mercy preferves the rcfl- 

And now in order to thofe places of fecurity, we muft 
firfl endeavour the regaining thofe -we h^ve loft, or others 
in their room ; that fo we may cut off our enemies hopes of 
diminiiliing their number for the future : Next we muft ob- 
tain a confirmation of them for a certain number of years, untiU 
all caufesof jcaloufies be removed,and to retnedy all abufes com- 
mitted in the government of them.But how fhall we refolve on 
thefe things , or with what face can we demand that, whicb 
depends upon the Wills of others, when our own avarice 
tempts us to convert the Money defTgned for the prcfeivation 
of the publique to our own private ufe , when the garrifons 
from whence we exped our fafety , are miraculoufly. traniubftan- 
tiated into Lands and Moveables ? Cenainly this is a mcift deplo- 
raWe condition ,and fo ortu is our Lethargic , that the examples 
and inconveniences of fuch mifcarriages can not yet awaken us. 
We are juft like little Children , who think themfelves fafc 
when they have fliut their eyes , and are never fenfible of their 
Errours , till made fo by the punifhment. In fuch a cafe 
Repentance avails neither the Publique, nor particular Intercfts, 

1 know thcfe things ^ though Juft will meet with much op- 

rofition : ' They will check our Prefumption for asking more 

then we enjoyed In the late Kings Reign , and tell us , 

''that for the prefervation of the Peace, in the Infancy of 


1 6 The DuUe of RohanV Dtfcourfe 

'his, MC ought to content oar lUves uithtiic like ufagc .* To 
which we may,that it is the change of the Govern- 
ment that creates in us tlitfe jealoufits : What prlviledges 
in many places, have been granted to the Ckrgy lo our pre- 
judice ^ What f^ais have teriiikd us, fince the tatal parricide 
of our Henry the Great ? the Intercfts of State are varyed by 
feveral En-crgencies , nor can there be any certain Niaxime 
prefcribcd them ; That which is nccclVary for one King , is 
prejudicial to another. If a King ot yimce (hould no.v bc« 
coooe al^erfecutor of our Religion , he would loofc the Pro- 
ledion of it in all Chriftentlome , another of his 
Neighlxwv Princes with that Title, and ga.nlng no credit at 
all by it among thofe of the Church of Rune , vo^ild ut- 
terly ruine his own Kingdome : which cannot happen to a 
King of Sp^iift upon the like occafion , for that he cannot 
lofe t'^e iReputati<Mi he hath no: > nor can it bring any 
further troubles upon his States , fince in this quarrel , he 
liath already loft all the Low count- es , and hath no more 
Subjeds of our Religion ; 1 fay moreover, that the fituation 
of France, in the mid'ft c^many other Kingdomes, and the 
fi:ee excrcife «f our Religion in it , purchafe to our Kings 
that Reputation and Pov^er, thty have among all other Po- 
tentates of ^li'Ope, which they will ftili continue, vhile they 
indulge us with the liberty of Subjcds. Wherefore if the 
King be wtllco nfclled, he will accord us the things before 
mentioned ; if ill , it is better to know it timely, then to ex- 
ftd the extremirity. Let our only aim be the glo.y of God, 
and the ftcurity of thofe Churches, which he hath fo mi- 
raculoufly planted and prefer ve.i in this Kingcome .♦ Let us 
cordially fick the good one of another, but y lav fill means; 
Let u* rflig'c'fly rcfolve to ask noihlnp} but whjit is abfo« 
luteJy nccclfa.y for us , and be rcfolvcd in the purfuit of 
our demands ; and t^cn let us be aflfured , that he, that out 
of the afhes of fo many Martyrs hath raifed fo many of his 
Eleftin Frf.rtfy to glo fie him, will picfeivc and encrcafe 
their nun^ber dally. Honour and glo y be given to the Fa* 
^cr, the Son, and the Holy Ghoft, j^men* 


during the perjecutlont at S^- John.' ^^ 

Discourse IIL 

Vpon the State of France clnring the 
Ferfecntions at S^' John; 

* 'Tpis with inexpreffible grief that I begin this Dlfcourfe , 
i with the misfortunes the deplorable death of Hmj 
the Great hath brought upon all Chriftendome j and princi-!- 
pally upon Vi'Mce i A Prince born in a forlorn and perfe- 
cuted Party , ^ whom yet God raifed to be their Preferver , 
fupportcd and maintained him againft all the powers of Chri- 
flendome, and conduced Him ^ as it were , by the hand , to the 
Government of the Fre'dch Monarchy. His Adions were fo 
many Miracles , and wort!iy Precedents for fuccecding Ages. 
The Confpiracies and Troubles he broke and went thorow 
when he was King o£ Navarre, gave him a perfed know- 
ledge of fome perfons whom he had never difcovered as King 
of Frame, His paft-neceflities had taught him a generous 
toleration even of the hardefl toyl and poverty, and to bear 
the difcontents both of great and fmalij and infhorr, tofuf- 
fer all the calamities incident to the chief of a Party in jt 
State, where the conveniencies of a whole Klngdome were em- 
ployed to his Deflrudion : Having vanquiflied all thefe dif- 
ficulties , and conquered by his Wit and Courage that, which 
his Birth-right had given him a jufter Title to , he became 
at length a Peaceful! King of the moft puiffant and glorious 
Kingdome of all Chriftcndome , which yet, by reafon of its 
long and languiflilng maladies, but for his pcrfbn, had been 
inconfiderablc ; incapable to affifl: their Neighbours , nay to 
fubfift without them 5 but in twelve years after he came to 
the Crown , becomes more rich , the Townes better built , 
and the whole was ralfe4 to a more fleurilhing condition 
than ever 5 he himfelf more abfolutc, his Treafures and 
Arfenals better flored , his Frontiers better fortified, his tiuc 
and foli'd Allyes more ftrcngthned, and his enemies more 
' w^akncd 

^H The Duke of RohanV Difcourfe 

'•weakened, then any Prince could eithei: hope or wifh; In . 
ihort, he was the Arbitrator of all Chridendomc , giafped the 
whole power of Peace and Warre in his hands ; and even all 
the Affairs of Europe had their entire depcndance upon him. 
In this profpcrous condition did oar great Henry leave us: 
We were the terrour of our enemies, and the AfyUmoi our 
friends; Our France, with its Chief, was then looked on as 
tthe mofl confiderable part of the world: But let us now re- 
fleft on our change , and confidcr whence it proceeds. It 
is true, God raifes up and removes good Princes, according 
as his good pleafure is, cither to favour, or to chaflife the 
people of the earth , efpecially when by extraordinary wayes, 
he cither fends or recalls them, which is apparent in the 
life and death of Hewy the Great : For if his adions when 
living, were fo highly conducing to our repofe ; wh^lt fears, 
with our juft plaints may we not conceive from his violent 
death > A death not according to the courfe of nature , nor 
by accident , but upon a diahSlical delil>eration confirmed by 
the Sermons and Writings of the Jefuitesy by a moft im'^ 
pious Aft perpetrated in the height of all his Conquefts , and 
Magnificence; in the mid' ft of his great Town of Faris , en- 
compafled with his Nobility and People. Let us not therefore 
after our fins, impute our change from good to bad to any 
thing, but the death of our good King, whofe Reputation did for 
fome time preferve the Affairs of L'^rBpe in a pretty good eftate ; 
but the farther we remove from his Reign , the greater change 
fhall we difcover in them. Europe hath now another face ; 
which before was ballanced by the two Powers of France and 
Spnin: The firfl having without contradiftion all the Prote- 
ilants under its Proteftion, or leagued with it, fharing with 
the other, thofe of the Rmlfb Faith. Powers which cannot 
fuffer the one the other, and whom the ftrifteft bonds of 
Marriages cannot unite , by reafon of their mutual Jealoufies: 
and Fears , of the increafe or diminution of either ; More- 
over the equality of thefe, is the fafety cf the reft , which 
are much concerned in it, and which otherwife would be 
cafily the prey of the fuperiour of the two : But now we 
may perceive an alteration of that Method: The late Ally- 
ance between France and Spain makes all their Confederates 
Jook about them , efpecially thofc of France , who fee clearly, 
that (he hath been only courted but tocher own, and confe- 
qucntly their ruinet A cunning Policy was It indeed of Spain, 
to peifwade the Queen , that thefe Alliances would fortifie 
and cunfirm hei" Authority , fq that none of the Princ(3S of 


during the Perfecutions atS^- John, 13 

the blood, nor any other (hould at any time dare to enter in- 
to any conceft with her, Thefe indeed were veiy plauiiblc rc«- 
fonij but of ro depth , nor foUdity : For againft whom {hould 
fhs fortific her felf , but Sp^TJ } and with whom, but thofc of a 
joint intereft with her } and yet we praftife the clean contrary, 
take counfel of our irreconcileable enemies, and enter into Ally- 
ances with them , to ruinc our friends , or at Icaft to lofe 
them to our (elves , while willing to fave themfelves , they feck 
their proteftion elle where ; Thefe are the ctfeds of the Spmjb 
Council , or rather the operations of their deublc Piftols upon 
the Council of Trance : Thefe are the fruits we are to expect 
from this Allyance with Sp^ii^, who joyningwith the Pope, can 
have no ochcr aim then the deftruftion of the AlJyes of 
Fraiue , and the better part of the Nation it felf. 

But let us noN confider,who have been till now the Corre- 

{pondents of thofe two great paits of Europe , their power, and 

who is moft likely to lofe by the exchange of their Vartifans,- 

'France hath England, the Venetiam^ ihc States of the Loiv- 

Countries, Savoy, the Proteflant Princes of Germany , the Duke 

of Lorrain , the Cantons of Smt\ers , and the greatefl part 

of the Imperial ToAnes -, all equally interefTed for fear o£ 

the houfe of A^flria , which is that of Spain , but for diffc* 

rent Rcafons. England is yet mindfuU cf the pretenfions 

of Spain; witnefs the great Armado in the year ij88. and 

that defign of abolifhing the Reformed Religion reflects 

principally upon that Kingdome* Venice is jealous of her 

Neighbour ikf7.t/z , and of the increafe of the King ol Spain s 

Power in Italy ; for that undoubtedly his defign is to render 

himfelf the abfolute Monarch of it all.The Lotv Countries have but 

newly Ihook off the yoak of his Tyranny ; they hate and feat 

Him ; and will rather hazard all than fubmit again to it. 

There*s none that is not fenfible of the fweetnefsof liberty, 

and what then will not a people do to continue themfelves In the 

pofleCTion of that , hath been their own dear purchafc. The 

proteflant Princes of Germany have they not jufl caufe to fear, 

and even abhor rhe houfe Au^ftria , and by all means tc op- 

pofc the farther progrefs of their ambition, fincc it hath robbed 

them of the Empire, which they haveaJmoft entailed on their 

Familie ? the broad way to flaveiy into which they are now 

declining, and nothing but an extream diligence can prevent their 

fall. The Cantons of the Swit'K^rs , who for the greatcft part 

have flipt their necks alfo out of the Aujhian yoak , arc 

not they concerned to prevent his new couqueft of them > 

cipecially thofe of our Religion , againft whom he 

caji neither want Pretences nor Miftances from Rome, 


14 The Duke of Rohan V Difcourfe 

The Dukes of Siivoy and Lomn are feated fo near to F't\mce»' 
that thouoh they have for a lone time paft embraced the 
SpU/UJh Party , yet now they fcem to incline to France ; 
The former by reafon of his prctcnlions to the Duchy of 
MilLine, proaiifed to his Lady in Partagc; And the fecond 
for the facility for a King of France to mine him at his 
pleafure : Tliere remain only the Imperial Townes of Germa- 
yty, whofe Intcrcfl is the fame with the other Protellanc 
Princes , I omit Denmark ? Stveden, Volom j and the other 
inorc remote States , toV that their Interefts are not conjoynt 
with ours. 

The Sf^m^ Party coniifls of the Emperour, the Arch Duke 
•Albert 3 who are of the fame houfe : of the Gcvman Princes of 
the Konii^ Belief, and the Imperial Townes of the fame profef- 
iLn, by reafon of their mif-intelligence with the Proteftants .• 
of all the Princes ci Italy, whom fur rather than Jove aflbciates- 
with them : of the Vep'i\h Cantons of the Smt^ers invited by 
their Fenpofts to a conjundion with them -, and of the Au- 
thority of the Pope, who while with a refalute conftancy main- 
taining our AllyanceSjWe Ihew our invincible power, keeps him- 
felf as HcHter^ thouo,h his inclinations be wholly Spm^,- 
for there are two things that exafperarc him againft us^- 
the lofs of his Authority, and his revenew in thofe places which 
we polVefs ; which Jealoufie the King of S^am foments , 
that fo feeding him with the fancy of a fpiritual Monarchy 
over all Chriftendome himfelf , under pretence of extirpating 
Herefies, might gain the temporal. Thus all their defignes 
concenter, to work our d^ftrudion . 

But let us now examine thtfc two great powers, and fee 
whether of them is the more conddcrablc : France is a large 
and potent Kingdom , abounding in all necelTaries; rich in 
Nobility, good Souldiers, and good Mariners , furni{hed with 
good Ports, aptly feated to receive the Supplies of their above 
named friends. England, Scotland and ireLud make up a pow- • 
crfuU State *, being Nations naturally valiant, both by Sea and 
Land, full of Souldiers and good Ships, and able to raife 
and entertain a gallant Army. The flate of yenice exceeds 
in ftrength all the other ftates of Italy ; hath vaft Treafure , 
and may juftly allume the Title of Mafter of the Sea , 
there being no other power in Italy , nay not all the reft 
together that can equal it for the number of good Gallyes , 
and other Veflcls. Tlie Lotv CouriYies Is a State, whofe 
ftrength I infinitely eftecm and admire ; fourty years have 
^hey maintained War againli the King of Sj^ain^ fiom which 


dmng the ^erfect^tion at S-- John i j 

ihty arc txit nc»viy freed ; they have ttie flo.ver d good Offi- 
cers and Souidicrs, v. hofc cn:crtainmtnc chey continue, even in 
tini s of Peace, they arc v^ell llor\i v\ich money , and keep an 
Airay on fooc , con.illiag of fifteen thoifand foot, and three 
thoufand ho fc, and a tra:n leady to march upon all occafions. 
As fox tiie Swa , they arc withoat contradidion the abfolute 
Mafteis of it, lothat they can, v>hcn they ^leafc, aid their 
fr.endb , and oji\rud the rehtf of their enemies j witnefs the 
Army of the Prince of Pav/wj a^^amlt the Eiglfh, which 
they flopped in tSeJ: h.iv.ns, and other Marltai.e places of the 
Arcii Duke, v\ dunno that War , were cycinually blocked 
up Dv Sea. As for the Proteilant Princes oft?. /7«4/yf, and the 
Imperial To • ns, evciy one knovveshov iz their force exceeds 
that of the t\omamits : And for the yi?'.'/'^?rv, money commands 
them at any time. Theic remans only the Dukes of Savoy 
and Lo am j they arc Prince^, Specially the former , able to 
la.fe condderable numoers ; As for the^r convenience to aflilt 
on the oc'ier, a map of £«tfOfv\Jl plainly dJlover, chat no 
other power can obllrud it. 

And now let us reflcd on the other power; andfirft, Spm 
IS a great K.ngdome , not well peopled, nor ovci fertile, featcdl 
in a corner of the v.orld, and fitter to maintain, than inlar^ 
its confines *, inv.roned with the Sea and the Pfcrteati hills ^ 
which of it felf alone is not com-iarablc to; but ic 
hath large Teixiiories both in the £.?fi and . c/i /»i«f, whence 
it derives great Trcafures, which puffs.- it up with ambition ci£ 
the Monarchy ot Chriftendome. Mo raver in ffj/j/ it hath 
theKingdomes of l^apks and Sitfi/v, with the Duchy of Miliary 
and eigSt or nine Previnces in tLvidiD ; for though the 
infunta have them now in VurU^i' , yet hath it the fole and 
abfolute authority and difpofit!on of them. S;r.oafly the Do- 
minions <»f Smn arc of a vaft extent, and wete they all 
contiguous, would far rranfcend the Power of Tr^.c i But ic 
is nccclTitatcd to fpcnd all the Revencw< of Y^?^/??, SciU and 
MiUm in Garrifons and Armycs to preferve them , and to 
impioy all the profit of the i»V»ev fo'- the confe- vati^n of 
J^Unders, by reafon <^ the continual exoenccs it is imrloycd to- 
there 5 both for the tranfpoiting and paying ofthcf;; Armyes.- 
Befides, the King of Spain wants men, and hath need of 
Spafiiardsln more places then he can furnllli with them , and 
is enforced to ufc great ferity to make them march. In 
fhort , his Dominions bring him in more Anxieties than 

The Emperour^ wht precedes him 'm Honour , but comes 

2 6 Th Duke of Rohan V Dlfcourfc 

ili-ort of his power,hach a great rnemy to ftnigole vvich , w^. t\t 
Tni\, \vhom he cannot withiland without afllftance , and 
therefore is he very incapable to relieve others, ^hz Arch" 
Dul^e is comprehended under the power of Sfaiffi and nei- ' 
cher dares, nor can attempt any thing wichout its confenc 
and fupplics. The German^. Princes and the Imperial Towns 
which own the Romilh Church, are very inconfiderable , 
being far interiour to the others in flrengtK. Nor arc the 
Princes of Italy of any confidciation , except the great Duke 
<)f Tufcany , v\ho indeed wants neither men nor money: As 
*orthe Swit-^rs, money draws them to any party; nor is the 
ipmhrd confederated , but with the Romifh C^rUons, whereas 
the Allyance of the Trcich with them is General. There 
remains now only the Power of the Fope , which heretofore,- 
in times of Ignorance and fupcrftition , was very great, his- 
excommunications raiting whole Armies , and transferring 
Crowns from one head to another, at liis pleafure ; but they 
arc now growen ridiculous , and hurt only thofe that arc 
afraid of them; his flrenoth confifls only in Fulminatlons, 
/\s for the wayes Spain hath to convey relief to its fcve- 
ral members , they are very long , and full of difficulties and 
dangers : For iirft , Trance fcparates Spain and Flanders ; and 
Vrovince can at any time obftrud the paflage from thence 
into Italy ; Burgundy, BrcJJJa, Lorain, and the Venetian Seignciiry 
divides the refl of Italy from Germany ^"^d zht Lotv Countries v 
In a Vvord , the Dominions of Spain are ©f a vaft and won- 
dcifuU extent , and in outward appearance invincible : but they 
Jye fo fcattered and with fuch difficulty and inconvenience 
can they joyn , that it takes off much of their flrength i- 
whcreas on the contrary thofe of Vrafice , are compaded,unit« 
cd, and ready upon all occafions either for defence of them- 
felves, or invafron of their enemies. 

Thcfe are the tw« principal Potentates of Europe^ to wit , 
Fiance 3ind Spain , and it is of no fmall importance to them, 
both to prefcrVe their repuration with their Vartifans , which iv 
cf no great difficulty to the King of S^airt ; for that all 
his Subjeds and Allyes are of his ow n Religion , or his own 
Family , or obliged by interefl to exterminate the Pi otcftants. 
So that none of them can entertain a Jealoufie tha.t he fhould 
change his Intelligences : Btit *tis not fo with the King of 
lErmce , for he himfelf profeflcs,.<he Komi^ Religion ," and 
bath many Subjeds of the Reformed, and many confede- 
rates that arc V^pifts, though the ftrength of his Party .con- 
(Ift« in the -Proceflanw ; fo that if he order not well his 

. * Affairs 

durmgthe Perfecution at S- John. 17 

Affairs with them 5 but encrlng inco an aflochtion with Sbn'riy 
p^rfecuccs his Proeeftanc Subjcds , he will utcerJy lofe them 
all. But perhaps they prefume upon a confidence, that iWz 
Refomied party cannot joyn wit'i the King of Spam : But rather 
then they will fiibmit to their ruine, they may unite and choofe 
the King of Englmd for their Piotedour, wiiich would be the ab- 
folute deftruftion oi France: i\nd can we then befo far infatuated, 
as to otter up our fcives a facrifice to the inratiai:)le and endleis am- 
bition of the Pypc', and tlie Kjng of ^pmi ? is it not evident , that 
this muft needs draw a civJll War on Frnnce, which is more to 
be feared than the fulml nations of the P'lV: , who fince he cannot 
ruine F'lWace by forraign Armes,endeavo'Ji?to do it by her own. 

Certainly it is the Judgement of God, punilliing us for our /ins, 
that we cannot fecjapprenend, nor'feekto avoid thofe evils, which 
even our own Coinfeis,refolutions & remedies prefcribed for their 
reduefs have difcovered to us for torty years together, and which 
have reduced our poor France to extremities, from which nothing 
hiJt a miracle can raife her. The fame parties are ftill in bcin^ : 
The firtl, the Qiieen-'Mo'her^who feeks to eftablifli her authority 
in the fame manner, as did her Predcceflburiand to that cnd,dif- 
graces and fupprefies the Princes ot the blood 5 ufing the power 
and alTiftance of the- houfe of G/ry", to which is joyned that 
of Monfieur d* Efpernon'-, ftrengthens her felf , not with the 
real friends of the Crown , but with fuchj as aim and endea- 
vour to weaken it by divifions, as the King of Spain , and the 
Pop.'. This is a (Irong and confiderable Party 5 but compo- 
fed of pcrfons that deiire rather the dcftruftion, than pre- 
fervation of the State: That which is their greateft Prop is j 
that they abule the royal Authority , authenticating all th-'ir 
dfpatches and aftions with the name of L'n'ii the thirteenth , 
although to his prejudice and detriment : The fecond, is com- 
pofed of the Prlnccs^ of the blood 5 who arc fcnfible of the 
ruine of their Houfe , but arc not in a capacity to prevent 
or remedy it ^ having by their revolt from their Religion , 
lofl thofe who were their Father's greateft fappoit , fo that they 
hare Juftice , but no force on their fide. The third party, is 
that of the Religion , bound by their confcience to ^con- 
federacy with all theProteftantsof Chriftendcme : a party able 
of it felf to maintain Trance, as it hath formerly done: ha- 
ving prcferved the Princes cf that houf, nouriflied and bred 
up Henry the Great , the Reflorer of this State , whofe ene- 
mies knowing that the ftrength ..of this Party confiils in Irs 
Union, Difciplinc and Places of fecurlty , have fet all their 
fubtletics on work to fabvert thofe foundations j which evidently 

C 3ppeaK4 

J 8 The T>uU of Rohan'^ Vif course 

appeared in the Aflembly at Saumure , where money, Fenficns 
and Menaces were all employed to corrupt Veifons capable to 
raife a Schifm amongft them , and in that divifion to ruine 
them ; As alfo l">y the Pafs-port given to the Deputies of the 
particular Ailemblles, by the Declaration which they cauled 
to be verified in the Parliaments , in which they exprefly for- 
bid the Difcipline ever eftabhiht among us , and without: 
which we cannot provide for our necelTities ; by the indu- 
ftry they ufe to get into their hands our caut'.onary Tovvnes ; 
working on the eafinefs of fome of our Governours , and fur- 
nilhing other confidents of their own with means to purchafe 
the Governments from honefl men ; endeavouring, to the vio- 
lation of the Priviledges of particular Cor^i'orations , to make 
their own creatures Majors, and labouring by all means to 
liipplant and ejeft out their commands fuch as oppofe their 
defignes, well knowing,that our places of fecurity once fail- 
ing us, we can no longer fubfill ; and in all thcfe defignes 
fo pernicious and deftrudive to the State, is the K^'ig's A\\- 
ihority made ufe of. Thus have you had a view of the D- 
vcral Parties in Trance , what are their defignes , and by whom 
maintained. The one covers all their mifchicvous machina- 
tions with the Royal Authorities ; The other exclaims againft 
the evil Government, but it is not heard : The third com- 
plaines of their opprefifion , but are not cafcd : and even un- 
till this prefent time fuch etfedual operation hath their money 
had upon the degenerous and perfidious fouls of the two latter 
parties , that they have been the fcorn and derifion of 
the former ; and the Counfels of mean inconfiderable Fel- 
lows , Pcnfioners of Rome and Sp.m ^ preferred before thofe 
of the Princes of the blood ^ and the other Grandees of the 
Realm : But if the aforefaid Princes , and thofe of the Re- 
ligion would but refleft upon their mifcarriages , and endea- 
vour to correft them , and unite their jufl plaints and inre- 
refts, and like good Chriftians, never be induced by any 
promife to forfake the one the other , to the prejudice of 
either, they would undoubtedly raife both themfelves and the 
Stac^rom this abjed and ruinous condition , and would one 
day receive both the thanks and profit of it : But if fear or 
avarice , or both together , fliall impede the union of thefe 
two parties , or keep them from embracing fuch generous and 
neccflary refolutlons, this will be the ifl'ue of it," and God 
grant it prove no Prophefie ; Tranci^ will be the Theatre on 
which will be executed all th; defignes both of Kome and 
So.«>Jj upon ail g^ood B'sncb-mcn and Chiiftians, And when 
5r '■■ '} • ■■'■>, 'li i ' -V -li^ the 

dtiringthe Perfecution at S^' JohoJ Ip 

the Evil fliall trarfcend all humane Rcmcdj^thofe who have yet 
lett fome fpaiks of love to God and their Countrey , wilj* 
have no othei confolation than to bewail their paft errors , 
and to fubmit to chat yoak which their own imprudence hath 
drawn , and a Forraigner {hall impofe upon them. For we 
may ncc imagine , that that party, which by the affiftance of 
the ?ope^ Fulminations , and the Forces of the King of Spa'm^ 
fliall fabdue the other two , fliall enjoy its Conqueft : Thofe 
Princes take not fo much paines tor our good. Their con" 
fpiracies agalnll Vfunct are fo far horn being exdnd, that 
they are now renewed with gi eater vigour and hopes of eve- 
ry thing fucceeding according to their willi : The refloring 
of the Jefiiius , the death of Henry the Great , the Regen- 
• cy of the Kingdome fecled in the houfe of Medicis , the State 
governed by the ancient Pcnfioners o( Rome , all other Officers 
being removed , and the fupport of it founded on the houfe 
cf Lorainc , the Princes 3f the blood deprived of the Autho- 
rity due unto them , and a divifion made among the Pro- 
teftants j all which evils being in fo {hort time fallen up- 
on this State , encourages their hopes of ctFeding their 
long fince projected de/ignes. But if the Princes of the 
blood, during the minority or "Lewis the thirteenth, retain any 
Reliques of Generofity , or thofe of the reformed Religion 
any fparks of Piety, they will yet oppofe the ruinc of the 
State threatned by theirs : For France cannot long fub/jft, if -» 
the Royal Family be oppreft, and the Proteftants perfecu- 
ted ; whofc fubfiftence alfo depends upon the prefervation of 
the Crov\n , whofe deftrudion can neither be eflfcfted , but 
that the Kingdome will be reduced to fa weak a condition y 
that it will remain a prey to the firft Lifurper , or be brought 
to an intire defolation : Let thefe confiderations then teach 
us Wifdome, before an abfolute impofllbility to redrefs our 
evils , leave us no confolation but defpair : for not having 
timely forcfcen and prevented them. 

And now5you Princes, know, that Llfurpers never willingly ice 
goe what they poflefi-, that your greateft crime, is the right 
you have to the Government of France , and that nothing 
but the fear of you can rcftore you to what their contempt 
hath deprived you of: And you, who profefs the Reformed 
Religion, recall to your remembrmce, by what means your 
Fore-Fathers planted the Gofpel of Chrift in this Kingdome, 
and the provifions they made both for yonr fecurity and di- 
fcipline : Shall we be guilty of fo much bafenefs, as to pre- 
fer f he empty proniifes of Ibme penfion, which (hall no longer 

C 3^, i?p 

20 The Duke of RohanV Vlf course 

be continued, then while yon betray your own Countrcyj 
or of fome fmall Eftates, which after the ruine of your friends, 
you fliall not enjoy, but by the faciificcs oi your own con- 
fciences and Religion , before our own and our Childrens 
liberty , and the profpcrity of the Church of God > if then 
the P Lances be dcfirous to maintain the Crown in their own 
Family, and the Pro:eftants in the State , they muft enter 
into a iirm Union to maintain and fupport the one the o- 
ther. Let us imploy all our powers to reftore them to their 
loft Authority j let them make ufe of theirs , to confirm our 
Rights, Difciplines and Correfpondencies : and let us all 
joyn , to re-cftablifh the ancient Allyancy of the Crown. 
I fee how they calumniate thcfe of the Religion, pretending that 
their aim is in imitation of the Srvit':^ers , and thcfe of the 
jjorv-Countiies -, by a particular Difciplinc to difunite them- 
felves from the State. But neither their difpcrfcd , and re- 
mote habitations in this Realm , fjor the great number (^ 
Kobility amongft them, nor the fence of the honour of theit 
Nation , nor yet their own profit, will fuffer any of them to ad-. 
njlt of luch a thought. 

.God in his Mercy look in pity upon this declining State \ 
and I heartily befeech him , that if his pleafure be to reflore , 
and preferve it, that the body of the Reformed Religion 
may be its chiet Support j but if in Judgement , he re- 
folve upon the ruine of itj that he would yet vouchfafe to 
replant his Churches ^ by the fame means he iiift pUnted 
tligm here. A^^t. 


upo^ the rojage of the King 


D I S C O U R S E I V. 

^pvn the Voyage of the King ^ 
tn July I 6 I $m 

I Conceive my fcJf obliged, both by my Allegiance , and the 
feivicesl havevo.vedto the Queen, freely to offer myad-^^ 
Vice concerning the prelcnt , many, and important Affairs of 
the State, which ought to be the more coniidered, for that it 
proceedes neither from hatred , nbr defire of revenge againft 
any j nor fear of being rejeded , nor hope of being advan« 
ced to a fhare in the adminiftration of them; Paffions which many 
times blind the greateft pcifons ; The freenefs of my humour, 
and the Integrity of my affcdlon drew me to this Difcourfe ; 
which will clearly difcover both my Opinion and Refolution. 
I confefs , that as to the Affairs now in Agitation , I can- 
not clearly ftej that the former adions of the Prince of Condz 
can bring his Fidelity or good Condud into queftion. Ne- 
verthelefs I will take all things at the worft , as if all the 
expedients heretofore made ufe of were defedive , it being a 
known Truth, Ih^t the mifcarfiages tve (mail foYyferve to cor-^' 
reUaidqineki^fHiS^ whereas Profpcrlty lnUs us into a carelefs Se^ 

Llntill th« Affembllng of the States General , all the Sub- 
jefts and Officers of the Kingdome kept themfelves withirt 
the limits (if their Duty, rcflefting at the fame timejboth on the 
favours and damages they might receive *, and choofing rather to' 
content themfelves with their prefent condition y than out of 
hopes of a reformation to cxpofe aill to a hazaid. But at the A{rcm< 
blyof the faid States, the difagrecmentof the orders upon the propo- 
ficion of the third Eftate , made by the Parliament of ?a:(^ ; 
theinftant urging of the Council of T'^^ by the two firft 
Orders, and the malice the Clergy have difcovercd againft 
thofe of our Religion , rcfufing to approve of ocnr Edids of 
Pacification, endeavouring to oblige the King by Oath to 
xuine us , have opened a large gap for thofe who attempt to 
diminish the Qiiecju-W-inUrge their own Authority. 

a z The "Duke of Rohan'^ Difcourfe 

Next came the Revocation of the Volcttc , which made 
the Officers , when it was not fcafonable, be changed ; whofe 
re-eil:abliihm:nt will not reconcile them : for though it be that 
>\'hich troubles them , yet will they conceal the ground of their 
d.fcontents , cloaking their particalar intcrerts with the pre- 
text of the puHllque goni. But there is yet more, the De- 
puties of the faid Eftates, s^oing thither for the mod part , 
not to purfue the general Welfare of the Kingdome, but to 
do their own private Affairs , having wholly complyed with 
the pleafure of the Queen, conceive her obliged to return 
them large Rewards : fo that thofe which received not that 
Reccm pence , they fuppofed they had fo well deferved , re- 
turn to their refpedivc Provinces, exclaiming againft the 
Government of the State: fo that this, being added to the number 
already ingaged againft her , will be far the ftrongeft. All 
thcfe things having been with great care and fubtilty ag- 
gravated by the Prince and his Pdrtifa?is , have gained a great 
reputation to their defign , even among forraign Princes , 
and the beft Allyes of the Crown of F/'arice , whom they 
petfvvade, that there is a Confederacy between the Queen 
the Pope, and the King of Span , to extirpate all of oji- 
Religion out of all Chriftendoroe ; which all good French- 
men are obliged to oppofe : for that it would prove a great 
weaknefs to France , and all leagued with it againft the 
greatnefsof Slhtin. 

This is the true ftite ofoir Affairs, in which, either the 
Prince muft give bacV, or the Q^ieen yield a little, or elfe 
ail muft break out into an open diviiion. 

If the confideration of his' private interefts inclines the Prince 
to a comnlyance, it will be the abfolute eftablifliment of the Au- 
thority of the Queen, wherefore I cannot conceive he will yec 
liftcn to any fuch motion. 

But let us now fee , whether will be of greateft advantage 
to tlie Qiieen , that (he perifti in her Rcfolutions , though 
all fall into a confufion , or that flie yield a little to the 
neceflities of the times , and afterwards refume her former 
power agalne , and what inconveniences will attend both 
the one and the other refolution . If fhe f^bmit and retard the 
marriage, or change any Officers of the State , or the Exche- 
quer,It is probable that the Prince will reap all the thanks and 
profit of itjtSat it will be the enlargement of his,and the deftrufti- 
on of the Queens power , and by confequence the contempt of 
the one , will [■»€ the only cflfed of the .glory of the other. 
Ifthey proceed in the marriage , and concinua things in their 


upon the Vojage $f the King.' 2 5 

^refsnc condition , then may they fear the troubles which the 
Prince, the Tarliament , and people of Paris may raife in 
their abfcnce, not only in that ToAn , but all over Trance -y 
1 he diftrufls and jealoufies of theforraign Princes , ailyed with 
this j whofs own Interefcs render them very fufpitious 
of tliis leag le betA'een France and Spm. The War with S.:- 
z'oy , and our derelidion of that Prince would be looked on , 
as an argument, that the end of our amity with Spain, was their 
prejudice and dammage ; and the apprehenfions of thofe of 
our Religion J that the whole fcorm will fall onus: Where -=> 
tore I conceive they cannot without the extream hazard of the- 
Quecn's authority, begin the voyage before they have provided 
Remedies for all thefe inconveniencies. 

if they conclude upon the voyage , then my advice is, 
that in any cafe they refolv. upon four things. The firft is, 
that they have a power in Paris, either in the hands of one per- 
fon qualified for that charge, and to be aflilled with a Council ,, 
or elfe in the hands of the Parliament, to maintain a con- 
ftant correfpondence with the Queen j and to prevent all in-» 
furreftions of the people. The fecond is , to make a peace 
with Savoy, or at leaflnot to dlfcover our weaknefs and dif- 
afFeftion , in exprefly forbidding the finding any Relief to 
that Duke) it being not in our power to prevent it. The tkird is,' 
by cntring into an Allyance with England , to fatisfie all other 
our Confederates, who are fo jealous of this League with 
Sp-vn. Thefouithis, by a good and favourable ufage of our 
Aflembly, publickly to teftilic to the Protcftants, that they are 
alfo ftudious of their prefervation. 

This is my firfl advice ; but I conceive there is another 
more profitable, and more fecure, if well examined, and free 
from all fear of creating new divifions ; which is this , That 
the Queen let the Prince know, that having coniidered the Re- 
monftances of the Parliament , (he will make all poflible pro<. 
vilions for their fatisfadion : before fhe begin her progrefs in« 
to Gmnri", and that to the end, {he dcfires his Afliftance, in 
reforming and redreffing the' grievances of the State : If 
he come not , it will be the Queen's Advantage ; who muft 
not fail alfo to treat with the Parliament about the fame thing ; 
For what good foever fliall accrue thence , will no more be 
attributed to the Prince, fince he contributed nothing to it. 
But in this Unity , the Parliament muft upon any terms be 
fatisfied, efpecially concernirg the admlniftration of the F/-« 
nvnccs , and this muft alfo be readily , and without any re=i 
luftaiKy granted ; For when a man condefcends to things 

C 4 againft 

2:4 The T>uke of Rohan'i Difcourfe 

agiinll his Will he muft non difcover his averfion, but ra- 
ther pi-etend a ready inclination to ir. If this be minaged 
as it o-iglu, and by peifonsthat only refpcft the Qiicen's au- 
thority, within fix moneths it will be more abfolute than ever , 
andtheFrince his conQiiracy utc.rly broken ^ Believe it., there 
is lltength eno.igh in France to fapporc the Queen , witli-i 
oat borro.ving aid from any plice : I will ufe but one ex- 
aiir-'lc to contiriTi it , \*. hlch is, the War of the Conamon^ 
weal again It King Lcivls the eleventh , who dcftroyed that 
< Leai;ue by no other means, but dividing it ; thougli at 
trdc it feeuied to threaten the dedrudloa of his Authority. 
if yoj cannot find means out of their particular Interefts to 
difunite the Princes, you muft try another way ; If the Par- 
Iranicncbc clofe fifted, as they now feem to o,uard their purfe, 
they mart be attempted- in their weaker quarters , which they 
do not at all fufped :. you nuift blow them up with the va- 
nity ot afiiftlng the Queen , and reuniting the divided 
State. In the mean time the King growes on , and his ai!-r 
thorlty increafes with his age , which \sill augment the power 
of the Queen , and dlmlnllh t'lac of the Princes of the Hood. 
Bur (\v: muil be very cautious , that the apparent diminution 
of foLiie particulars bring not a hazard on that Authority 
which maintains them, whlc'i once imputed, would be the ru* 
ine of them all. 

As for my part, 1 am rcfolved faithfully to ferve the 
Qiicen again it Mo'ifr:U' the Prince, to imploy all mypo-Aer 
to advance tlie Grandeur of this Kingdome ; and in as much 
as lies in n^.e, to incline all thofe of the Reformed Reliction 
to the fame refclutioBs : But if out cf any animofitic they 
have againfl the Prottftants, or by the procuremtrnt of evil! 
Counfcl , they ufe diem as at Saumurc : I will then declare , 
that I will never ^.iiVcnt nor difunite from the publique refoluti- 
ons of <jur Aficmbly. 


upon the Government of the Queen-Mother. 1 5 

Discourse V, 

^pon the Go'vernment of the Quccn- 


Made in the year i6iy. 

T Hat Rhetorick which touches not the Intcreft s ofthofcwc 
\\ ould perfwade , hath fcldome any operation upon them; 
Nor had the letter which Monfieur dc yendofrriyde Mayerme and de 
Bouillon writ unto the King againft the Marfhall d' Ancre , 
nor the Declaration publilhed in hisMajefties Name in an-» 
fwer to it 5 a neat and well compofed piece , hitherto any 
cfFcdual influence upon any, either to incline them to embrace 
the difcontented Princes Party , or to gain theii" intire 
approbation of tie prefcnt Government : For the prodigious 
favour of the Marfhall d^ A'Ure , was both fufpedted and ab- 
horred : and they who were filent at it , were either in ef- 
fcd 5 or by forae hopes linked to his fortune : And truly , 
there was never yet any Precedent of a man honoured with 
the Dignity of Marfhall of Trance :, that ever ferved in an 
Army j nor of a man , that all at once was intrufted with 
the tuition of Seals and Purfe of the King j that is to fay, 
that grafped his whole Authority : Nor is it lefs ftrange , 
that thofe whom the late King imployed to difchargc thofc 
offices, fhould be now difcarded. Though the Chanccllour 
hath been faulty iince, yet the Integrity of Monfieur the 
Prefident Du Vaii , and his abilities are unblemifhable , and 
yet could not thofe parts which advanced him, fecurc him 
From difgracc. To- maintain alio that the Edicfls of Pacifica- 
tion, and all Promifes made to particular Gommunaltics 
have been hitherto inviolably obferved , would be but a vain 
Difcourfc to thofe that know the contrary : that is, almoft to 
all. This little draught of a complaint, contains in it the 
fumme of the moft importance charges againft die Marfhall ^^ 
Ancrey and the prefcn: Government, 

Where • 

2 ^ The Duke of RohanV Difcourfe 

whereupon fome fay , ic were to b: defired^ nor tfiac the" 
Marfhall d' Ano'c lliould be ruined 3 for his birth is equal 
to any that in our memory hath been created , not only 
MarlViall , but Duke and Fcer of ¥)\uce j and hath raifed a 
Family in this Kingdome ; and his Wit and Education , and 
many other qualities , make him thought vn orthy of this favour, 
and to be naturalized to perpetuate his Family amongft us ; 
which would be a great honour to our Nation : But it is to 
be defired, fay they , that tliis greatnefs give no juft caufe 
ot fufpition to thole who arc jealous of the Royal Authori-» 
ty 5 and the French Monarchy 5 and that until! the 
perted Majority of our King , the power fliould nai 
be ingrolVed by a Single Perfon , who may more eafily 
abufe it than many , who preferving the State fiom 
the unjufl ufurpation of either , will aflift one the other 
in managing and referving it for him alone , to whom, 
the Rule of it rightly belongs , untill he himfelf be able to 
undertake the adminiftration of it. For no man can tell , unciil 
he hath proved it,how far the Itch of Soveraignty may carry* , ncr 
can this Tryal be made by any perfon whatfoever, without main- 
feft danger both to the King and Kingdome. It is alfo to be 
defircd , that the ancient Pilots of the State , refume the 
helm again J that the Edids of pacification be faithfully obfer- 
ved ; and that thofe abufes, which have a long time raigned 
amongft ur, be reformed ; whofe viiible increafe threatens much 
mifchief to this Monarchy. But whether we look upon their 
Intentions or manner of their procedures , we l"hall deceive 
our felves , if we think thofc expedients, which the difcontent-. 
ed Princes have formerly, and now flill do ufc, are capable to 
cffcd this Reformation : Their two Treaties of St. Mendioiild 
and Lgndu/j. will clearly convince all thofc who fl\all cxa^ 
mine the particular paflages of them, that their greatefl 
aim hath been their own private Interefts, and that they had a 
"greater defire to ingage many perfons to promote their own 
advancement , and favour their own particular defignes, than 
to reform the State, as they pretended , or better the condition 
of thofe, whom their folicitations had drawn to aconjundion 
with them : For though they prom'.fed us a general reftau- 
ration of all things by the convention of the States Gene- 
ral , they cannot deny , but that they openly made their 
Parties in the Provinces, to procure the Eleftion of fuch 
as they fuppofed to be of their own faction : Thus did they 
violate the liberty they promlfcd toreftore, and give a Pre- 
cedent to the Queen -Mothers Difciplcs to do the like. And 


upon the Government of the Queen^Mother. 2 7 

though (ince that , to make their own caufe appear more 
plauEale to the people , they have publickly accufed many , 
and principally the MarelTiall d* Ancre j yet didfome o£ 
them, and efpecially of the Reformed Religion, maintain a 
flrid intelligence with the faid Marftiall d' Ancre in the 
hotteft of the War. Thus at St. Mcnehould and LoJidim 
did they conclude upon conditions, regarding only their owa 
concernments ; never moving any thing that really conduced 
to the advancement of the publiquc good. Nor hath the 
defeds of their duty to the State been greater, than their 
Injuries to thofe of the Religion j whom yet Monfieur the 
Pnnce was pleafed in his Letter to the Queen to mention 
as perfons concerned. ^nd though that at the Treaty of 
St, hieruhoiild the Dukes of SMaym and Bouillon, nomi- 
nated by the Prince , to treat with her Ma jellies CommifTi-. 
oners were eameftly follicited by Monfieur de Rohan, who 
fent a Secretary of his own in poll: to them , to defire them 
to make it appear , that they had fummoned them in good 
carnefw , and with intention to procure their Welfare j yec 
was the Treaty concluded without any benefit to them , or in-i 
deed witliout any mention made of them. They figned al- 
fo that at Londun , refufing to expeft the refolution of the 
general Aflembly then held at KocM ; though they had en- 
tred into a folemn engagement , not to do it without the 
mutual confcnt and Approbation of all parties. But this was 
not all: for they obliged themielves by a formal promlfe un- 
der their hands , by violence to force the Deputies of that 
Aflembly , if they did not dilTolve themfelves within a very 
fhorc time wliich they prelcribed them j which Promife Mon-. 
feurde Tri meiliUe znd de Boiiillon. figned as well as the reft; 
which Mon(jeur de Vleffis-^ellay , Monfieur dc Trimouill* s De- 
puty, confefl'ed to the Duke of RohM in the faid Aflembly 
at KocheU ; to whom alfo, together with Monfieur de Sully , 
he prefented it to be figned by them , which they both ab-» 
folutely refufed to do. And when at feveral times many 
Romanics Kave reproached the Prince for coming fo cafily to 
an accord ; his anfwer ftill was , that the fear of advancing 
the Reformed Party forced him to it. Nor did Mon(iem de 
yevers cxcufe his refufal to joyne with him in the late commo 
lions , but by this , that thofe of the Religion were of the 
Party: And Monfieur de Mayne hath alwayes protefted, nay 
at the time of their affociation , that he would never procure 
any good to them j and yet when they conceive they may be 
ufefuU to them , as at prcfent , they want neither promifes , 
rowes,nor proteftitions co engage, Thefe 

l8 The Duke of Rohan's Difcourfe 

Thcfc; are fonic Aiguments that the principal end of chef^ 
Princes is not the general good otF?"(2Jre, much Icfsof the Re- 
formed party , and God grant that \vc have not now a juft 
cauie to fear, as hitherto ( if ihey arrive at their purpole ) 
an abfolute tranflaticn of the F'l'cnch Diadem : The mildeft 
.cenfurcs that fliall view their adions , cannot but fay , thac 
the remedies they prepare, are woifer than the difeafc , I 
\\iJl not fay the Plague and poifon ot the State. Forfince 
they pretend n"thing but the reftoring of the King's Autho- 
rity , and the Welfare of the people ; is there any thing thac 
lb much prejudice cither the one or t'lc other , as the Ar- 
mies which have alwayes appeared as foon as their letters 
and declarations ? Can any thing fo eafily raze out of 
Subjcds hearts, the Reverence due to their Princes, as the 
accufloming them to bear Anns againll: them > For although 
thefe Gentlemen will not ccnfefsthat they raife Armes againft 
the King ; yet wh^n mention is made of the King*s Party , 
they underftand it of tlic advcife party to them , for fo is the 
Kings Army called ; which 1 do not alledge as the formal 
Teafon of the Juftice or Injuftice of either caufe ; but only 
TO fliew 5 that unlcfs a great extremity exad it , fuch things 
ought not to be permitted to the people, which may many 
vaics impair their reverence of the Royal Majcfly , that Re- 
verence,! fsyjwhich is the only Bafis, and moft firm founda- 
tion of it. And as for the people which condemn the pre- 
fent Government , whofe errors cannot bring on them in twenty 
years , fo many and heavy inconvcniencies , as a Civil 
"War will in ten dayes, (ince it is yet difputable in whofc 
hands the State is left liable to clanger, cither in the Queen- 
Mothers, or the Princes ; what reafon is there to expofe 
it to an apparent ruine for a thing , which may be probably 
'argued, both by the one fide and the other. 

Certainly, if their power v/ere fo great, and the confent of 
the people in favour of them fo unanimous, that the execution 
would prefently follow the pretention of their defignes, we 
fliouid be conftrained to endure it : But they arc only capable to 
provoke and ftir the humours, nottoexpell them; to make a 
wound , and not to heal it ; to open a way for a forraign 
Invafion , never caring how to redeem the Nation again ; 
thus do they draw upon themfelves the malediftions andcurfcs 
of the people , for the evils they have caufcd them, and have 
not the leaft power to do them any good. To this purpofe 
remarkable is the decree of the Council extortsd from them, 
ihclaftyearby Mor^jim she Prince > vyho was then ptefident 

u^on the Government of the ^een* Mother. 2 p 

of it 5 which by all thofe that paid Contribution in the time ' 
o? the late troubles, were injoynedto pay it over once more ; 
not without the great amaxement of ihofe that aflifted at 
the fame Council , though they had no cdier Intcrefl in the 
bufinefs than what Equity , and a natural Commiferation of 
their Fellow Subjeds gave them ; But if thefe Princes were 
in pofleflion of the Government , the fame complaints might 
be exhibited againft thofe, that would difpolllfs them of it, and 
perfwade them to patience , until the King iLould have a per- 
fe<fl knowledge of his own aflfairs, whofe management he would 
be obliged to look after, as his chiefeft Exercife. And good 
leafoR alfo ihould we have to complain , if we were compelled 
to bear Arms : but the choice is now left us , either to do it , 
or fo ftay at home j though CommlfTions are daily refufed , 
and that thefe Lords proclaim all enemies that come not in to 

That which is before faid may give the Vrcnch caufe td 
fear the Contagion of fuch Reformers , and to remember, that 
there was never yet any War ralfed in FrMce , under pre- 
tence of the pul^lick good, whofe principal aim was not the 
particular Intereft of thofe that begun it. But efpecially ought 
the Proteflants ro be carefuU to flick to their priviledges given 
them by the Edids made in favour of them ; to have a 
ivatchfull eye uron their cautionary places , and to unite 
themfelves more flridly than ever under the name and au- 
thority of the Kingi to whom in this poflure , they may be 
one day capable to render very confiderable fcr vices, and pof- 
fibiy to prcferve his Crown : But if they adhere again to thofe, 
who have formerly deceived them, and who de (ire their Afliflancc 
for no other end , than to promote their own affairs , they will 
abfolutely lofe and ruine themfelves: In the mean time, let 
us leave the even^to God , and inceflantly implor^ him f<*: 
the prefervation, profperity and long life of the King , the good 
of the State, and the finu eftablifhment of the Crown. Amen, 


30 The Duke of Rohan'f Difcourfe 

Discourse VI. 

Made in the year i6ij* 

A free Difcourfe upon the prefcnt 


I very well know, tliat the general humour of Mankind in- 
clines them to defire what they have not , and to dif- 
cfteem and flight what they poU'efs. In the time of Hefi;y 
the Great , every one complained of an avaritious and op- 
preflive Government , but none doth ftir againftit: fince his 
death we have feen thofe grievances redrcfled by liberality ; Buc 
forafmuch as the number of thofe who receive no profit by it, 
far exceeds the other , and that Envy is a vice very com- 
mon and predominant : The former Reign hath been again 
wilhed for ; The large gifts and penfions conferred on the 
great Ones, encouraging them rather to aanfgrefs, than 
contain themfelves within the limits oF their Duty. And 
now we murmure , that the only means left to reflrain every 
one, are imploycd to that end. 

Revolving thefe fo different things in my mind , I have re- 
flefted on the changes which have happened , and con- 
fidcred the former mifcarriages , their caufes , and the wayes 
.to redrefs, and prevent them for the future. The courage of 
Henry the Great , his Authority , his fupprefling the Grandees 
of the Kingdome, his aboimding Treafures , and well ftored 
Arfenals , rendred him fo redoubtable , that none durft think 
of difturbing his Rcpofc. His fuddain death fubjeded us to , 
a King of nine years old ; and although the Regency without 
any oppofition fell inio the hands of the Qucep-Mother , 
yet was it not witliout a great difgufi: to the Princes of tlie 
blood who pretended to it. The Councils then moft preva-s 
lent , V. crc by the power of others of the Nobility , to with- 
' \ ftand 

u^on the present Times. 5 1 

Aand that Authoricy , which themfelves ambitloned in the 
Court i and to maintain thefe two powers in fo equal a bal- 
lance, that in the mid'll ot both, the royal Authority ( pof-i 
fdild by the Queen ) might freely cxcicife its fundions, to 
abafe the dlfcontents of either , by a profufion of the Trea- 
fures, Arfenals, Offices and Governments. As for the firft , 
I muft needs approve it to be as good,as 1 muft confefs the lat- 
ter to be bad : For though our Malady by thofe means" be 
fupprefl'ed for ten years ; yet will it prove in the end almoft 
incurable. It is a moil certain truth , that in all Kingdomes 
die Power of the King eclipfes that ot the Nobility , and 
that the increafc of theirs , doth dlminifh the fplendor of 
his. It is a ballancc that can never continue in fo 
equal a poife , but that one fide m.ufl fway the other. It is 
therefore but an ill way to pieierve the Royal Authority , to 
put into the hands of thofe that endeavour to deflroy it , the 
only means to reftrain their ambition. How much moreca- 
fie was it to have kept the Princes infubjedion in that weak 
and ncceflltous way, 1 dare fay, beggerly condition in which 
the late King left them , than now , when we have pait-^ 
ed with all our forces to ftrengthen them with them ? It may 
be well faid, that a Kingdomc is better fecurcd by Love 
than Tyranny j but then this love muft not proceed from im-> 
becility and want of Power , which only breeds contempt ; 
but muft be teftifiecT by a conftant purfuite of Juftice, and 
earneft endeavours to preferve the i>eople from opprefllon r 
It Is a didate of nature , that we avoid all inconveniences, 
and apply our felves to thofe that ;are follicitous for our 
good. I muft include my felf in the fame accufations > if I 
fhould extend this charge againft all the Nobility, who are 
fo much more the fitteft Inftruments to be imploycd by the 
King , as th^y have the greateft means to do him fervice. 
I know that thofe, who are of a well tempered fpirit, look up« 
on their own as the greatnefs of their King. And more hap- 
py, and fecuie are the Nobility, under a great and potent 
Prince , than under thofe petty Soveraigns, who dare not ftir 
for fear of offending cither V'/ance or Spain^ But I fpeakof 
fuch as would inforcc their Majefties to gratifie them, though 
they have no merit to juftifie theit pretences; and who al« 
wayes imploy their goods , gotten by unjuft wayes , only to 
augment their own greatrtefs. Certainly the more you give 
to fuch perfons , the more do yeu arm them againft your 
fdf. It were much better to refolve to diftinguiftj between Re« 
ward and Funifhmcnc 5 the good ajjd the bad 3 to the end , 
• • ^ " thac 

3 2 The Duke of RohanV Difcourfe 

that the one may be encouraged , the other terrilicd , than 
ftill to pcrfift in the pradice of the Contiary , rewarding the 
bad, and difcounrcnancing the good ; For Impunity opens a door 
to all liccncioulnes and ingratitude, and negled oi good fcrvices, 
to defpair and rage. 

The opinion 1 have of this Counfel , makes me fufpeft that 
the Authors of it , pve it only to make themfelves the longer 
looked on, as neccflary to the fervice of the Kingdome ; and 
that their own private Intereft , a powcrfull Orator, diflwaded 
them from giving fuch Counfels as really conduced to the 
prefervation of the Royal Authority , in that Iplendor they found 
it in. 

And now I am entring on a way which gives me fair 
hopes of an happy accommodation of the Affairs of this State ; 
iihich niuft be purfued with as much vigour and courage , as 
the difficulty, and confequently the honour of the Enter- 
prize require. So firm a refolution muft we take, as neither 
their exclamations, nor any other Attifice they (hall ufe to 
daunt us, may not divert us from our purpofcs, what ever 
accidents happen ; which poffibly may be fuch , as that to 
remedy them, we may be forced fometimcs to defer , but mufl 
never give off our defign.Forpeifeverancc joyned with the royal 
Autl^ority, will eafily fubvcrt all • their policy es , efpeclally at 
fuch a time, wherein that vertue is not to be found in many. 
I co^fcfs, that fuch a Refolution is not to l>c undertaken , but 
upon good grounds ; wherefore we will particularly examine 
the State of our France , and diligently confider all things 
in it : 

And firft-, I cbfave, that there are two Religions prc^efl'ed in 
this Kingdome ; the one much fuperlour in jftrength, and which 
gives the Law to the other, and would gladly be alone ; The 
other alwayes jealous of an Aflault , whole ruine will ne-" 
vcrthelefs draw after it that of the State alfo : Henry the 
Greatjwho was of that opinion , gave an equal influence of 
his favour to them both , and would not prejudice his own 
greatncfs to gratifie the humour of either. 

The ftrcngth of a Kingdome depends up«^ the King, and his 
Allyes, not of blood, but imereft. France and Spain are the 
two great Powers of Europe y and the hinges oh which all 
the other move , who dill oppofe one another , left either 
(hould gain the abfolutc Superiority. The Intereft of the 
Proteftants , is to uphold tlie greatncfs of France -, and fo is it 
alfo of many other States which profefs the Rom'fh Faith : It 
is a Maximc cf State , which the King of Fiance ought to ob- 

ferve ; 

upn the frefent Times, 35 

obfeive 5 not to p.rfccuce his Subjcds of the Religion, that 
all Proceftants niiv noi: chrovv themrdves upon the Froccdion 
pt' En^lvid : yet mull no: the favour he fliews them be fuch^ 
as may lalfc a jeaioafie in his o.her Subjcds the Catholiques, 
which arc the main body of liis State j but he mufl oblioe 
them by iiis Jii{l:ice5picferv:ng inviolate their Edicts, and by Ms 
confiJ'cncc in imploying them in his fcrvice. None but the 
Enemies of his Crown candifailow of flich a Procedure, 

Troin the llcliglons , 1 pafs to the dXcontencs , who are 
fd!l very numerous, for that the mind of man is unliable, 
I'Vefumptuo'-is and envious, and is many times ^ more troubled 
at the vvcalt'i and honour which another poflciles , than that: 
he enjoyesitftoL hiaifelf. But it is accoriiing to the ilrcnc^th 
or vveaknefs of the State ,' that chty difcover thtmfelves more 
or lefs. . Thofe who now declare againll the Royal Autho- 
rity , wherher of the one , or the other Religion , cxclaime 
againft the Government , becaufe it is nor" in their own 
hands j accufmg their Majefties, if not of Treacheiy, yet of 
Folly ) and futfering themfeives to be led by the fancies of 
other men, they fall upon theftoife, nor daring to touch the 
arm tlwt threw it, and cover as much as they can the per- 
nicious defign they Itave, to ufurp the Royal Authority, 
and nivike themfeives Matters even ^ of thei^ Majeflies them- 
feives. Thofe alfo that fcrvc the King,. for the moii: part, 
toUo/V their own, nothlspleafure. Every one will command 
an Army and a Province : and if his , or one of 
the Huiie rank v.ith himfelf have any Command given him, 
and he not j he prefently is difcontented , and dares think 
even of trampling upon the throa: of his Mafter : Certainly 
if they had all their dcfires , we ihould fee Monfters inflead 
of Armies, more Commanders than Souldlers. I confefsfucli 
diforders are not tolerable j and that fuch perfons are al- 
mofl: as enemies of the King, as thofe that are convicted 
of Treafon. Others make their coniciences plead for them, 
and remonftratejthat it were better for the good of allChri- 
flendome to farisfie the Catholiques , by making War upon 
the R^eformeA Party : Counfel tending to the Eternizing of a 
Civil War in Frartce , andthelofsof its molt faithfuil and 
powerfuU Allfes. 

Thofe of the Religion , that engage in thefe broils, alledge, 
that thty will not ftop at the ruine of the Princes they now. 
decry ; but that if we flop not their progrefs , we fhall have 
our fhare of the perfecution : - The King's Council proceeds 
froip l^omi; znd Spain p one of whith inceflantly ffcks our par- 

D ticular 

3 4 ^^ "^^^^ ^f Rohan'/ Difcourfe 

tic.ilii: d^ftrutflion -, the other , that of France in general ; 
which is clearly difcernablc by the inobfervances . of our 
Edicts : and tlicigh tliey move ditferent wayes , and for * 
diff-rent Intercfts, yet all the dilcontents of either Religion , 
iinanimoufly accord in their defiies of a change of the prefen: 

And now to come to the Remedies , which by reafon of 
the dlveility of humo'.irs, cannot eafily be particularized j 
we mull: knovv that there are two forts of Difcontencs ; the 
o^'en 5 and the concealed j the former cannot be reduced to 
their obedience by any other means then force : The other are a 
fort of people that declare for no Party , but would render 
themfclves confiderahle by a third : Thefe may much im- 
commode the Kings Affaires, by fuch Diverlions as they 
can make both with the men , and money they can raife ; 
t<> thcfe neverthelefs muH: be applycd gentle LenitivcSj and no: 
thofe ha r flier Corrofives of force. 

All expedients neceflary for the good of this State , may 
be reduced to bur heads. %. The firll , and main particular 
is, to force the Princes, now in Armesagainft him, to an 
obedience to the King ; to this the way is open ; and the 
beft policy is , to ufe r.o other , but only to be very care- 
full t0 keep good Armies on fo )t , to make a good choice 
cf thofc that are imployed in them , and to make good pro- 
vilions for the Payment and Suflcnance of the Souldiers. 
The fecond conhils in genera], in the Execution of our 
Edifts , and in particular , in bcln^ careful! to free us 
from thofe inconveniencies and jcalouiies that have been, 
and ft ill are given us. Which may be done by a juft 
payment of our Garrifons and Minlflers , and by a fincerc 
effeding of that , which in woids they confefs , is neceflary 
for us : and by fending Commiflioners into the Provinces , and 
keeping a confliant Corrcfpcndencc with the Principal of them , 
which may produce more good than is imagined. The third 
is, a wary arid politique comportment towards all thofe, that 
declarino; for no parry , can yet raife great commotions in 
tht Provinces, as tie Dukes d' E^pC'mi , de Sully, d' 
Lcfdigit'era , can by means as different , as their ends. A fe- 
veral Rc'.iii:dy mufl: be prepared for each of thefe, who 
mufl: be alfo made fen(i!)le of their dif-union, every one la- 
bouring to make conditions with the Court apart. Monficiir 
d" Efpcmm cannot away with the prcfcnt Government , 
becai'.fe he is excluded fioin the helm : He aimes at the 
Government of Gii)cme , and to be made Co/^Jteftahle of 

upon the frefent Times. 3 5 

TYdnce 5 which fincc he cannot o'uaine by fair , he would 
by foul means. He profdres much zeal to the Kind's fei-- 
Vjcc , concrouJIes the Catholiqucs , pretends to be an ene- 
my to the Fi'mce , the Duke of Boui^oa , and ail other the 
d.lcontents : and yet doth he dcfire the Government of the 
the King ; will live amongil: the Proteftanrs , and will de- 
liver the Prince , and ti.e reft. 1 kiyc it to all to jud£»e , 
whether either the one, or the other , can fix any co"nfi« 
dcncc on a man fo mutable. If Guycnnc be given him , it 
is the way for him to make himfeif Conncftabie : after 
which he will become a. Tyrant over the King and King;- 
dome 5 as he is already over thofe that live under his 
Government'. Se'e what his dealings are : at the fame time, 
that he vowes all Loyalty to the , he promifcs his 
uttermofi: fervice to Madame the Princefs , for the delive- 
rance of H'^nficur the Princejand maintains a court fpondencc with 
all the ether Princes in Armes : As for Monfimr de 
Sully J he is wholly- inclined to the good of the State; He 
is weary of the hard mcafurc he receives , defirous to have 
his fcivices better regarded, and vexed at the negleft ©f 
them : but will never be drawn to oppcfe the Authority of 
the King , untill he be forced by the greateft extremities. A^ for 
Mm^kiiY t'he Marlliai Lefaigiicrcs , he hath great commands ia 
his Government , is wife , and one that would be confidered 
as a pcrfon of Po.vcr and Authority : but is not at all unrea- 
fonable in any thing. The firfl of thefe is the hardeft to be 
contented ; for that. Humility fwels his Pride \ Gentlenefs 
makes him more Violent , and Toleration emboldens him : yet 
rauft be amufed with fair words , untill the taking of Soijjom > 
for the iflue of that {lege , will make all the pretended .third 
party change their note.The fecond, by an indifferent and mode- 
rate ufagc , may not be only rcftraincd , but employed where he 
is, to retain by his power the Proteflants within their due 
limits ; And the laft may alfo by the fame means be infal- 
libly kept within his : His age , his Antipathy againft the 
Dukes of Bouillo/i, and d' EfPernon ^ and the ill ufage he 
hath had from the Prince his party, are prevalent motives 
to keep him to his Devoir. If thefe wayes {hould fail, the 
King hath yet Peace , and War in his own hand , which ha 
may make with either of them , when he pleafej, and feverally 
too For all the Princes now in Arms againft him, would 
joync with him to fupprefs Monfieiir d' Efpernony or any 
other, that ftiould be fo Fool-hardy as to oppofe him. All of 
them, as many as they are, muft needs fight with great 

D -s difad- 

3 6 Tfje "Duke of Rohan'^ Difcourfe 

difadvintagc , having no Chief that they wiJI ovn ; b;ing 
in a conc.nual diffidence one of anorher , purfuing the ad- 
vancemmt of their fevcral paiciciilar Intcrs^lb , and the de- 
ilruft'on of the Kings , who can at plealure difunite them , 
by tcndring conditions to cither of them, when he fliali f:e 
his tinK. ThL:re remains no v the lad expcdien:, and that 
is J to foincni: their mu:ual Tealouiics , and render them oii- 
oas both to their own and forraign Nations j which muft be 
done by a particular Demonftration of their dciign , ever 
fince the deatli of the late King , to embroil the whole Na- 
tion for their omu. private proiit j by difcovering alfo their 
Confederacycs 5 Treafons, and their fallacious i^rctenfions , 
how they have cheated thofe of the Religion ; how one 
parry complycd . to make its Peace at the others cofti hov 
that in all their Treaties they have not difcovered the lead 
thought of the publick Welfare - What flibmiflions thty have 
all made, to him againft whom they juft before Co loudly 
exclaimed ; What fidelity they have fworn him; how faith- 
full they ' have been to him , that the world may know what 
fpirit leads them j and that Hatred and Ambition , and not 
the Love of their Counrrcy, or the King's fervice hath a]- 
wayes abfolutely governed them : if the firft expedient be 
well followed , and the other three not neglected , 1 ihall 
fee the King moft abfolute , the Civil Wars all ended , and 
a fair way opcaed to the Glory , and Grandeur of the King 
and Kinsdomc. 



upon the Divijions of Holland . 3 7 

D I S C O U R. S E V II. 

^pon the Occapon of the Dwiporis of 
Holland. 16x8. 

STates and Common-wealths are not formed in an Inftant , 
and the which they make to redrcfs theii- prefenc 
inconveniences, arc ordinarily better than thofe which re- 
gard the future: which is a gicac caufc of their mukiplicit)' 
and clunge of Lawes horn time to time , for that they arc 
obliged to apply convenient Remedies to furvening evils , 
before they grow incurable ; i fpeake this principally in relation 
to the State of the Low^Comtrks , who in a fourty years War , 
which they fuftained againft the power of S^m , are (b 
augmented, ftrengthncd and eftablifhed by that glorious toil , 
and become fo ablblute Mafters of all Militaiy Arts, thac 
they inforced the King to a Peace. But thousih during the 
War, they knew how to eftablilli all neceflary Lawes in 
order to the profecution cf it ; yet have they fhewed them- 
felves ln!t Novices in their Conduct fince the Peace , or to 
fpeake more properly, they mufl confefs that the Govemmenc 
of their State hath need of fome new Expedients to prevent 
thofe mXchiefs which threaten it no a-. 

The King of Spdm tindinc^ by the experience of that long 
traft of years , that he could not ruine them by open force, 
refolved to work their deftrudion by intefcinc Divifions. 
To which end the calm ot Peace and Idlenefs, which .many 
times lulls f.ich perfons, as think no harm themfelvcs, into 
a fecurity, have given him occalion to rowfe thofe unquiet 
fpirits , whom either Difconrenc," Envy or Ambition, will 
rot futf^r to reft fatlsfied with their condition. Other Di- 
vlfions than thofe of Religion , would have been (ufpefted j 
and for as much as that is the nioft advantafrcois proceed- 
ing from a Subjed which hath the abfolute Dominion over 
others , he defioned to undermine them that way : which 
may be juftified by the Writings and Counfels glveii thefe ten 
years paft, and upon the fame point which arc ftiil conti oif ated ,• 

58 The Vuke of Kohm* $ Dif course 

In which he hath fofiiccestuUy laboured, that v.'c^iee that fair 
State, which the torceof Anns could not move, is now finking 
^o ruine , unkfs fome fpecdy fapporc prevent it ; which 1 
conceive yet fcifeable , it" they firmly adhere to , and purllic 
their refolutions. Ail the Aircmblics which .they have 
had till now , whether particular or general, have been ro little 
purpofe 3 for as much as the conilitution oi the Government 
of that State is fiich , that the particular Provinces will not 
fijbmit td the determinacious of the States General j nor yet 
the particular Townes to thofc of their own Province -, tor 
that they pretend , that their Rcpubiicli is compofed of as 
many Soveraigntics , as To.vnes ; and that they have till this 
prefent time fubfifted fo > for that till this prefent they nc-. 
ver met with any confiderable accident to diflurb that or- 
der i but were flill kept united by the necefifity of their own 
prefervation. But no.v the malady is fach , that they will 
never find any remedy for it in this order , which real'y 
was utterly unknown to former ages. Is itpofTible that the 
pbftinacy of fome members, Oiould deftroy die whole bo- 
dy 5 or that the body fhould be fo weak , as to be unable to 
govern them > To fpeak freely , it feems to me a great 
Arsjument of Self- Love and Prefumpcion , to put fo high a 
value on our opinions , as to facrifice the publick Peace, and 
hazard the ruine of the State we live. in , to purchafe them 
a reputation. 

To rcdrefs this , I conceive tliey muft take tiiis courfe, 
towjt, to endeavour to compofe the dlvifions in Holland con- 
cerning Religion , by an Aireml)ly of Holland only , if it may 
be done J that fo as near as pofllble they may obferve their 
ancient Order ; and alfo to ufe the fame procedure in the 
other Provinces, and to pacifie them by the fame Expe- 

But if this fail , they mufl of necefifity have rccourfe to a 
Naticnal Synod , which though fome particular Townes refufc 
J.0 fend in their Deputies , they mufl proceed in , and fub- 
rait the Refolutions of it to the Council of the Statts Gene- 
ral ; which in (o important an Affair , mufl defire their 
Neighbours, and good Allyes to alfift them , by their Embafla-? 
dours, with their good advice j by this means will they be 
engaged alfo to confirm and maintain their decrees , which 
they mud communicate to them, as alfo to all their Townes 
and Souldicrs 5 and I am confident , this courfc will reclaim 
moft of thofe that have hitherto difiented, efpccially if they 
obferve moderation in the decrees they make. 


upontheDivifiGnsofHoWmd, 59 

Next I conceive that the Stares ought to endeavour to 
reduce to their obedience, thofe that perfift in their obftinacy j 
and,'! God give them ^race to compafs that defign, they will 
extract much good out of thefe evils. 

As for the. S}'«o:/, it will be neceflary , that they eftablifli' a 
Difcipiine for the Church , that for the future every parti- 
cular perfon, may not at pleafare fiy from it ; which nuift be 
alfo fo limited and reftrained , that it may not in any wife 
incroach upon the authoiity of the States j which may be 
eafily efFeded , by forbidding all Syyiods and Ecclefiaftique 
Jd'rmbi'es :, not to intermeddle with any thing, but what con- 
cerns Religion only ; and that no fuch A^,cmblics be held , 
unkfs Tome fecular Magiftratcs be alfo afliflant there , and 
privy to their confukations. 

Thev would do well alfo to ordain , that for the future no 
Minifter fiiould be admktcd to any cure, that maintained any 
Doctrines condemned by the Synod: and ,thai: for the prc-s 
fcnt , thofe that preach , {hould be enjoyned , not to touch 
in their Sermons, upon any points in Controverfic. But 
above all , muft they endeavour to bring them all to the 
fame Communion: for as concerning that particular, which 
is the foundation of our Salvation, and of infinite Eificacy 
to unite us j there is not any diverfity of opinions , as I ca« 


40 The Duke of Rohaii'^ Dlf course 

D I S C O U Pv S E V 1 1 1. 

Reafous of the Peace %nade before Mont- 
^Q\Y\Qttn the year 1622^ 


THE juft regret I have to lee iny good intentions daily 
alpeiled and calumniated, obli^2,csme5 both for my o/vn 
honour, and to undeceive the credulous, to detcnd the mod 
uft of my adions, and mofc prontable to thofc of my Rc- 
Igion, to wit, the procuring of the general Peace of this King- 
come ; In which T hope clearly to demonfti ate the neceflity of 
concluding it, and that in it I have uiedall the precautions 
could he defiredto obtain it from our yido.ious and puifiant. 
King. But before I enter upon this Difcourfe , 1 mull: obfcrve 
that my grearcft Cenfures were fuch, as with folded Amies 
were only Spedators of the War, and who under favour of a 
Declaration, continued in a peaceable Enjoyment of their E- 
{lates 5 vv'hile \vc hazarded our lives to fecure their rcpcfe ; and 
that among thofe, the mofl: violent of my Detradors , are 
fuch 5 as being themfdves corrupted by the Co.n-n , upon falfc 
ihopes diverted the good affcdigns of iuch as were inclined 
to aflift us , continually poftipg up and down to deprive us 
o' the Succours we expected.' Envy is a vlcebafe in it felfj 
and yet too well known amongfl men. But leaving the only 
caufc of the War, which their unbridled ambition raifed , 
and which their revolts could nor appcafe , they now cad the 
blame on thofe who admitted nothing to prevent it , whom 
no hopes ot l-'roH: drew into that Engagement, fince they 
jofl: 3 11 they had ^ nor yet any thirit of glory , fincc they 
cad themfeivcs upon a Parry- that bought and fold j biic 
only among other godly men , to find a harpv death dying 
lor Chrid, or 'an unexpeded deliverance, which they cojid 
nor hope but from the hand cf God alone, 
' It will be impertinent for- me to nam.e him that fo unfea*' 
|bnably convened the General Aflembly, and when convened, 
*"• ■ ' * .incoLi- 

upn the Peace made before Montpelller. 41 

jncoiiraged them to continue their ScfTion , and then betrayed 
them j andwhoj afcer he had made \\\s own peace ^\ith the 
Couit^ animated the Town of Kot';c/:'e agiinii the Allemblv : 
For it is well known who was then the Deputy Ge- 

It Is alfo necdlefs to fay, that the Inrerells of Monfieur de 
Li Foce, and the foUicitations of MO'iJieuy de C.istHlo:z y were 
veiy prevalent to make the faid AU'embly renounce all thoughts 
of diflolving. For their Agents and r.iriipM have fumd-. 
cntly difcovgrcd that they alone impeded their diflolut.on : 
And yet the former perfevered not to the end ; but lliufflcd up 
a Peace by himfelf, and the other during the WarjCovertly did ufc 
what mifchief he could ; and openly , when the other way fuc- 
ceeded not : and yet had we all folemnly fwoin by oar De- 
puties , not to hearken to any particular Treaty ,. nor to 
make any peace , without the confine of the i^eneral AU'em- 

Though by their Conduifl:, both of them have arrived at the 
honour to be made Marlhals of F/'^.7ce , and tiiat by mine : 
I have lofl: my Governments , yet fl^all 1 not envy their good 
Fortune ; but conf^^fs they are more prudent than I am, 
I^-^y purp<ife in this is not to accufe any one 5 but only by 
the force of Truth to rcpell thofe faults they impute to me , 
and evidently to difcover the necefTity of making that peace r 
having not omitted any thing from the beginning to the end 
of the War , that might conduce to the advantage of that 
Party , which I defired to fapport. For our War being no- 
thing but a juft defence of the liberty of our confcicnces, 
and tiie fecurity of our perfons unde r the favour of our Edicls of 
Pacification 5 granted us by our Kings, we were obliged to 
embrace all occaiions might induce the King to grant us a 

The firit Ovcrture'was at the Siege before Montrdil\r,i, where 
the EngliiTi Embafl'adour extraordinaiy came thither for that 
purpofe 5 fent his Secretary feveral times to mc , to follicle 
me to it 5 v/hom 1 prcfcntly remitted to the Ailembiy Ge- 
neral ; at length he pj-eflcd ir,e fo with the apprchen/ion of 
the lofs ot MoritaubM , that I confented to an interview with 
the Comcflable de D^yncs -, which took no cffed , for that the 
hopes he had given him of taking MontMb.m , made him 
refol'.itc 5 not to include in the Peace , neither MontmbM nor 
Eochelle , unkfs they woidd fubmitto have a Citadel built in 
their Tovvncs, 

' Having 

^2 The Duke of Rohan V Dlfcourfe 

Having thus broken with him upon the firft point, which 
concerned a general Peace ^ and the difficulties of takin^ 
Mo/i'diikin cncreafing by rcafon of the relief I had put into 
it 5 the ConncjlMe invites me to a fecond conference , which 
I refufcd 5but he ftill urged the renewing of the Treaty j where- 
upon I demanded permiifien to ftnd to the Ajfembly General 
for their confenc , to treat, and conclude a Peace ; which I 
obtained , but the CoMe[tiible dyed prefently upon it y and 
thofe that were engaged in the Affairs , joyned with MO'i-" 
fieui the prince, who was now come to the King, and fo 
changed the whole defign of the Peace, that infttad of ap- 
proving the power , the Ailembly had given m^ to treat of it, 
and which I had defired of them , they impute it as a 
Crime to me, as if 1 aimed to make my felt chief ot the 

This opportunity thus fruflrated, and feeing I had now 
the power cf the General Afj^/ihly in my own hands , I be- 
gan another Treaty , but with greater confidence of fuccefs 
then before , with Monfizur de Lefdigikiercs , now Co^meJUble 
of T'i'mccy and commifTionatcd by the King to treat witli me ; wc 
met; and agreed upon mofl: of the particulars in debate , but re- 
mitted the entire condufion of it to the King , to whom I, 
and all the Provinces under my Command, fent our Depu- 
ties : And at the fame time did the Cdnnefhble and I fend 
Deputies alfo to the Duke of Bouillon, Sully, and Tnmo'uille^ 
and to the Marfhall dc U Force , as alfo to the Gmeral Af^ 
fcmbly , and to my Brother, that they might alfo fend their 
Deputies to th? King , from whom they were to expcd the 
final conclufion of the Treaty ; informing them withal, that 
cur Deputies had no other Commiflion , but to condilt with 
them about thnfe Expedients which they fhould think neceffary 
for the publick Gojd , ^ and the fatisfadion of each parti- 

MonficuY the Prince, who unwillingly faw the progrtfs of 
this Affair, haflcns the departure of the King, that by the 
abfence of the Chancellonr , and the Prefident fan-'n , who 
remained fl:ill at Far is ; he might the more eafily break the 
Treaty j and leads him towards Toi^lou, where the Exploits 
of my Brother had given them a found Alarm ; But our 
Deputies could not come near the King , till after the Rout 
ar Kicq;,, the Treafon of the Baron de St. Sur'm at Royen , 
and the overture of the particular Treaty with Monftcicr de 
la Force, which abfolutely defeated the General, and made 
the King refolvc to difmifs our D?pu^ies , without ever ad- 


upn the Peace made before Montpellier. 45 

mitting them to his prcfcnce , and to puifue his defignes in 
Longiicdcc J whither the hopes he had given him by MOiijicHi de 
ChAJhllon inyltcd him. 

After fo many Difafters that crofl'cd our intentions , the 
King marches into Gmenm ^ and there concludes the Treaty 
\\ith Monficu.)- de la Force, and others of that Counrrcy; 
and having no fears in any other part of his v.holc King- 
dome, but in LcLngiiidoc , he draws thither all his Forces. 
In the mean time I omit no Care, Diligence nor Induflry*, 
to raife the dej.;cled hearts, and to compofe the dif-united 
IMembers of our party there. For the approach of fuch a 
Tempeft {licok the conftancy of the moH hardy 3 And as the 
greatnefs of the danger diverfly affefted the Ipirits of them 
all 3 and their zeal to the publick yielded to their own par- 
ticular appiehenrions 5 fo Vvere the fadions in oiir Commu- 
nalcics renewed again ; and where I was abfent , there were 
the faired oifers made : In the mean^uhile 1 polled from 
one Province tD another , accprding as their necefTities re- 
quired : noi did 1 negleft the overtures made of forraign af- 
liftance : For I gave my fervants power to engage all my 
Eflate , to bear my pioportion of the charges of the Lcvye 
and Condud of fuch fupplies ; and obliged the Provinces 
under my Command to do the like. I furnifhed Mont^cllleY 
with a pretty good quantity of Wheat, notvvithftanding the ra- 
vage that MOfifieur de Mo:itmorency had made there : And , 
without vanity may I fiy it, had it not been for me, there 
had been neither Mills to grind it ^ nor Powder, nor Match , 
nor any other necefl'aries for a fiege ; And had they hearken- 
ed to me, Lund, Maugh; Mxi'feilhxigHes, and Hym.fg^ei had 
been difmantled fix moneths before me ; and MonlpeHier , 
I^ifmcs, Ufe\^ 2nd Sommkrcsiox: the convenience of the S^w^i-^, 
been well fortified. And wc fhould then have had men e- 
nough to make a brave refiflancc : But the Imprudence of the 
people, and the particular Intcrefts of Governours of thofe 
places made tliem deaf to my advice , which they have fincejbuc 
too late repented. 

It cannot be imputed to me , that the eight Regiments 
defigned for Mintvdlta , could not get in as well as that of 
St. Cofme, and fomc others j for all the Colonells received 
their Commiflions , and Pay at the fame time : Nor wps- it 
my fault 5 if, that after the failing of thefe Colonels, twelve 
hundred men of the Severn s got not in neither, fince their 
Commander in Chief had received my Orders for it , and 
jifter the Souidjers refufcdro follow him 5 went in with fifteen 


44 ^y^*^ ^^^^ of Rohan'y Difcourfe 

xntn only , without any hazard or ciifficulty. 

And now was Mo^itlfdlkr hciicged, where I conceive I did 
as much as lay in the po/.er of man to do, for the forti- 
tying and ftoinig it with So:ila'ier4|^_and all manner of pio- 
vifions in tive weeks ftay , that^pilnade there ; And hefides 
did 1 imploy all my endeavours and interelts to raife four 
thcwfand Men more to rccruite them , before that the Con- 
ncjtabls and the Duke of Vaidojm were joyned with the 
King's Army ; but in vain , for it was impoffible for mc to 
«iraw any together , but upon conditions made by the great- 
cfi: part of them , nor to lliut them up in Montoclher. 

1 have by experience found , tn?.t t'lere is a great difference 
between popular rcfolutions, and the execution of thtni. For 
'isifmes y which had by letters aflured Morztpdl/er , that they 
would fupply them with a thoufand armed men from their 
own To.\n , would allow me but fourcy two ; Hut i.t Is not 
Eno-Jgh to ralfe Troupes , but there mufl be care alfo taken 
for their fubfiftence. From the Scvcnes I could not ^et any 
Corn , it being no Countrey for it , and had not then e- 
nough for themfelves. As for Nifmes > which was our only 
Granary , tliey grumbled at the propofirlons I made for any , 
and wou'd afford me no more than for eight dayes onJy^ 
within which time they Injoyned me alfo to fend in the relief 
to Mo/itt)':llicr X and yet had I els[ht Lca^Tues to march with it. 
and with tv\o hundred hoife mig-it any Copvoy, 1 could fend, 
have been eafily cut olf. xMl the Cornmon^t'es ucre temp- 
ted to particular Treaties ; that of the SevcncS importuned 
me to make a Peacc^ and plainly told me , that they would 
• rot fufter themfelves to be ruined : All our people were 
-weary of the War, and unable to continue it : Tiiere was 
HOC Forrnge enough left to keep the Cavalry for fix dayes, 
which con lifted but of two hundred Volunteers ^ which I 
mufl either difmifs , or fend them into the higher LangucdoCy 
and confcquently iofe them : The hopes of the arrival 'of 
MMsfdd were gone with him into HolLtridy which was a g^reat 
prejudice to us : For the Army deligncd for his Convoy , 
v as now ui;on their march towards the King , and were al- 
ready come as far as Ton, The King of En^Und inflantly 
ii?f;ed me by I^ecters ( in any cafe) to make a Peace, and 
^ to fabaiit to , and wholly rclye upon the promifes of my own 
Scveralgn ; preriing mc moreover to confider the Affairs of 
his Son in Law , and afliarlng mc, that he could not roil'ibly 
irive us ary afTiflance ; ^"o which I add, that without a' 
Miracle , J^.ar^'pcllicr couii not have been . relieved with any 


i^pon the peace Tnade he fore Montpellier. 45 

Troops able to prefeivc it j for that it was fo full of Tray- 
touis within 5 that being obliged to drav^ off to a greater d;-. 
ibnce from them, I had two thoufand horfcinthe rcarofnic 
ior three leagues together. 

And now let all unprejudicated peifons judge of the neceC- 
iitics tliat oblige me to make a general Peace , and whether 
it was pofiible tor me to infift too much upon niceties, with- 
out an abfolute rulne of it. tor 1 mud upon a certain day 
hazard the fupplies , v/hich was the fame thing as to expofe 
tliem to flaughter; or I mufl fee the disbanding of my Troops , 
the demolition oi half our Fortifications , and the King's 
Entry only into Mo/UpcWer , without which conditions I 
could not pofTibly obtain a general Peace: But all the pre- 
cautions that a weak and vanquifhed party could require ©f 
a fliong and triumphant enemy , or a Suhjcd could demand 
of a King, 1 have procured • and fach , as if thofe oi t^orit- \*i' •»*^ 
/> //i^'/' would have unanimoufly accepted, they had been now in ^ •, 

Liberty: For befides the Patent they had from the Kin^in W5i, ** 
terms clear and free from rJl ambiguity , Monfiiur de Chey-* ^ « 

re^fe y and Monfieur the, I^^larfhall de Crfqiil were delivered up , , , ''^•V^ 
to be kept hoftages , and to be committed to fome place <JE '•' * *^ > 
Safety, while the King flayed a^ Montfdlkr \ whereupon. 
fome of the Town told me, that they would not receive 
them : for that his Majefly could at plcafure felze upon their '»-»'> i * 
Inhabitants , to releafe them > and that they conceived their 
prcf^nce would be more advantageous to them than their ^ • a 
abfence. ^ 

As to the fccond particular, I anfwcr, that It is a moftBl*^ 
flrange thing , that my open and prtfeiled enemies {hoi|j|||^«i^-* j^ 
omit this occafion of calumniating me , and that thofe thac % % ^ ^ 
are of the fame Religion with me , {hould endeavour to fnakc ^ '^ wJF 
the world believe that , which the actions of our enemies fo*' 
clearly refute : for the crafts and violences pra<fticed by Hq^i- i^, Cs. *** 
(nu( de ydlence in Montpdlier for the fpacc of a whole ^' 

year, to force them to renounce that Patent^ and confentto 
the raifrng of a Citadel , had been needlefs , if there hadS^*^ 
been any particular agreement derogatory to that Patent,madc 
with mc before. . ^ 

There remains now the third, as abfurd as the other ; to" 
which I anfwcr ^ that the Souldiers being at my difpofing , who, ^a ^ f. 
conllituted fuch Officers over them , "as I pleafed, my Au-* 
thority in Montpellier had been much greater^had I abandoned the^^*^ ijf 1 
publick Intereft, topurchafc my felt more advantageous ccn-#fc^\ ^^ 
ditions than I have done ; The moft fcverc of my Ccn- "^ 

furcrs. hi ' "t 


4^ The Buke of Rohan'5 Difcourfe 

Hirers and Detraftors muft conftfs that the Pcac- was neccf\ 
laiy aftd good, had it been obfciYcdj and that it was not 
in my power to change any thing in the Edid, nor can 
they 'y.\bly impute it to me, that it is not fo well obferved now , 
as in the late King's time. 

But they further acciife me for negleding to take fuch fecu-* 
rities as were requifite for us j and that I refufed to retain 
MOfitpcliier , only to necefTicatc them to accept of the Peace 
1, had made ; that the Patent given under the King's hand 
\s'as but adelufion, and that I had before made other Arti- 
cles with the King , by which the garrifon was to be perpe- 
tually continued there , that I had caufed Lmsl, JlVjtp' , 
M'^Jilleii'>'gi*^^ 3nd S^mrdcics to fiand out only to amufc , 
and loofe the Souldcrs , purpofely to disfurnilli MontpeUkr of 
them i which things if they v\erc truCjthey might juftly condemn 
me tor the moll treacherous and indifcreet pcifon amongft 
us 5 that being not the way to obtain conditions tolerable 
for the publick, or any particular Intercft. But befidcs what I 
have already faid, I will yet (bew , that their accufations have 
not the lead: appearance of Truth ; for if the infufficicncy 
of the fecurity accepted by mc , be objcded as my only 
Crime, lanfwer; that to theiaft, I withftood the two par- 
ticulars that concerned it moft , to wit, the demolition of our 
£w fortifications , and the Kings Entry into our Townes • 
But feeing, that the retarding of the Peace , caufed a daily 
decay of our Affairs , I was forced, to do what lay in me, to pre- 
vent their utter ruine. 

I fliall not wafte any more time in refuting this Reproach ; 

bat wy care to fecurc my orvn particubr mere [I mdde mc 

negligent of th public^ •, for that the whole courfe of my 

life , and even this laft adion of the Peace , doth fufficl- 

cntly ev idcnce the cop.traiy ; having yet no Indemnity as 

jif M to my Governments -, for which 1 have not fliewn my felf 

more foUicitous , than for our publick Concernments. But it 

4» «£ A ^ is no wonder to me,that thofe , who durfl not adventure any 

^ *5^ thing for the defence of our Religion, fhould maketlieir own 

the Rule to judge of the difpofitions of others by. My afti- 

)ns {ince the condufion of Peace, muft needs appear to 

jT^hofe who will vouchfafe them an impartial confideration, as 

rfo many Arguments of my Sinccrit)' : i have fpared no pa n 

rb procure the Confirmation and Eflabliihment of our Arti- 

'clcs. 1 have fuffered imprifonment , and have boldly r;pre- 

Tentcd to the King , ho.v highly he doth prejudice both His 

honour and his fcrviee, in futfering thefc Jnfwflions of 


upon the Troubles in France. 47 

the Peace : But neither the perfecutlons of our A<^veifarlcs , 
nor the Calumnies 'of our own party Ihail ever divert me from 
the firm refoktion God hath given me , to devote my felf 
entirely to the promoting of his fervice. 

And now I fummon all my critical Obfervators and De- 
tradors , to ihcvv me a better way than I have taken j and 
promife them , that 1 v/ill fscond them, better than they have 
afTiP.ed me 5 and that , laying afidc all remembrance of for- 
mer Aftions, 1 will with a free and checrfu 11 heart embrace 
the caufe of God , and repute it my greateft glory to fuffer 
for his Names fake. 

Discourse IX. 

Jn Apologie of the DhJ^ of Rohan 
concerning the late Tronbles in 

' npls an Ingratefull Impioyment to fervc the publick, 
i efpcciaily a party weak of it felf , and compofed only of 
Voluntaries : for if any one fails of his propofed ends , they 
all exclaim againft thofe that had the Conduft of them. This X 
have very lately experienced; being condemned Ly the peo- 
ple , for that their grievances have not met with fuch re- 
drcdes as they expefted , and that by the inflig ation of falfc 
Brethren , who to purchafe themfelves an efleem with the 
adveife party, are emuloufly induftrious to brand me with their 
own juft Charader, as alfo by our pretended Pacifiques, 
who in a zealous tone , deploring 'cur miferies , and caft the 
blame on fuch , as according tp their report , by their par* 
ticipation have ruined our Affairs. I willin2;ly excufe the 
ignorant people, who fenfible only of their Afflidions, judge 
of things rather by ths event than reafon , and lay hold on 


48 The Duke of RohanV Difcourfe 

thac lyes next before them, like bruit heads , tint only bite the 
Ihatt, never reflecUng on t!ic arm that daited it; But I can- 
rot pardon men ot leafon , and peifons veifed in t!ie aftali s 
cf the world, vAio conciniially fee that the bcfl: contrived 
defignes are not infallibly fuccesfull , and that the h')p:krs 
do, not alwayes mlfcariy ; Rttch.ltj alone, to my great grief , 
farriiilicth us with a notable example to this purpofe. Its 
firft Siege was prcfently afier the Mallacre , and difliparion 
cf the whole party , being then weak in fortifications, reduced 
to tlie lail gafp , and abandoned by all : which obliged 
MQ.ifii'Ht dc 1.1 None , a man eminent in Piety , Prudence and 
Valour to perfwade them by a timely rubmiiTion to prevent an 
utter defolation ; yet was it delivered from that immin:nt. 
dellrudion , by means of the Poliih Emballadours, who came 
to demand him for t'lcir King, v/ho had then brought it to fuch 
extremity. At the fccond liejJe it was in a very confideiablc 
condition, very v/ell fordfied, and llrengthened with Confederates 
both within , and without the Kingdome , and at fuch a 
time as favoured them with great hopes of better diverfions , 
and yet did we then fee it Ibil : which fhould teach us not 
to judge rainly of any enterprifes, either by their good or 
bad fuccefs , much lels to condemn them , unlefs we hare 
good reafons to juftlfie the Cenfuie j ocherwife lliall wc fliew 
our fclves more envious of anothers glory, than zealous for 
the puhlick good. Yet could I have born thofe detradions, 
had they only reflected upon my Imprduence and Incapacity : 
and lliould have only reproached the Authors of them , for 
no: taking my place, and endeavouring by their own adions 
to corred the errours of mine. But 1 cannot pafs over in 
filencc their other accufation , that to grarific my am- 
bition ,1 had expofed the Vrotcstafit churches in Trance lo m- 
jne , and that, to fill up the meafurc of my iniquities , I had 
delivered them up into the hands of their enemies , to fa- 
tisfie my avarice : thefe are the objeftions I intend to an* 
fwer , that the world may judge who 'hath been more carefuil 
of them , thofe who by an open abandoning , or fecrec op- 
pugning them , have prefervcd , and augmented their E- 
ftates by the acquificion of fair Ol^ices ; or thofe , who to 
fupport them , have refolutely beheld and fuflained the con- 
fiscation of their gooas , the demolition of their houfes , the 
Jofs of their Governments , the indignation of their King, the 
djfperfion of their nearcft kindred , and banilliment from their 
native Countrcy. 
Toundaa^nd ihi^ affair aiighc , we mult kjiovv, that the 


upon the Troubles in France; 4^ 

foiircc of. all our evils, was the Afcmbly GentuiU at Roch.Ue, con- 
vened by the Sieuy dc FavM , then our DepHty Gcn'.idL His pre- 
tence was the redrefling of the affairs of Be^/v; , which then lay 
defperate and pail all hopes of Remedy : But the true occafiyn 
of ic, was the deniaU he had of the Government of UBau;- , 
thinking by this means tomake himfelf conliderablcand fought 
after, lor his oah i->enclTt ; But, as it is eafier to put a man upon a 
precipice, then to withdraw him s fo, with much lefl'e difficulty 
might this A :li'-fnb'y be formed then ddVolvcd j I forefaw the incon- 
veniencies of it, and endeavoured to prevent their meeting, and 
to dillolve them wlien ali'tmbled, for which I was afperfed , as 
corrupted by the Court. iUit ic is well known to everyone , who 
was the occafion of iheir continuance. Had ambition only then." 
governed m^, and animated me to make my fclf Chief of a Party 
then .very con fidcrable, andat fuch a time, when 1 had not yec 
experienced the perplexities that attended the attempt ; 1 fhould 
nor have loi.1 fo fair an opportunity to flicw my coiurage amongfl: 
thofe Zealots, whofe flafliy zeal expired asfoonas they had ar- 
rived at their ends. 

Thus am i clearly innocent of the greateft fault committed in 
the management ot our affairs : This obifinacy of the Aff^mbly 
drew tl'.e K^^g upon us, every one fubmits, and givts him up our 
Cautionary places ; and all from SdnmuT to Mo''itaiiban, yield 
without any oppofition, except St. John d' /^ zgt/y, which my Bro- 
ther defended as well as he could. To defcribe the various events 
of that Warre is not proper for this place. But at length a peace 
wasmadc hdo:o Miintpc'Mer, in which there were comprized no 
other Generals of any VroiiincA befides my Brother,3nd my felf ; 
ail the reft having before made their compoficlons apart wi4:h 
large rewards added to their Indempnities : Yet was I then, as^ 
now calumniated, as the only betrayer of the Pairy. But time, 
and the continued violences i have faffered fince the conclulion 
of the peace , have pretty well iilenced thofe more injurious ru-r 

Come we now to the fecond Warre '. The ground of which 
was a totall infradion of all the Articles of the Peace ; cfpcci- 
ally the notdifgarrifonningot MontOellier, and Fort Lewis , and 
detaining the debts owing to particular perfons, which made thent 
alldefpairof their condition.' As for me, my own private af- 
. fairs obliged me to endeavour a continuance of the peace j For,, 
being by the favour of Hon fieiiy the ChMCfUour de S^d'-ry , zni 
Monftem- dc Viafieax eafed of my opprefTions , I had gotten 
fomc affignations to recompence the lofle of my Governments r 
Bucthat, which was the moft urgent motive to this Warre 5- 

B wcrrc 

5 o The Duke of Rohan'5 Difcourfe 

were the publique preparations made at LLivet, for the blocking 
lip of Kschydcj which muic irb addrefies to m: -y My lUothet alfa 
camehUnfwlf to imnirt to me the drfign he had , to diverc the 
flormc that thrcacned it. I approved his refolution, which lie 
prepares to execute w:th the hazard of his Life and Po.tiincs , 
iiron this condition , tluc in cafe lie profpered, 1 ihoiild allill ; if 
he failed, I flio-ild dfoAnlilm. I kno.v noc many of o:ir Ccn- 
fiirers woild liave riinne die Jikc adventure. The trcacheiyof 
, fome of the Religion encrc.:led the peril oF t!ic enrerprize ; 
and was the reafon tint it was but half ctfeclcd : Neverthe- 
lefle, he fcized on ail the Sliippes, and made hiir.fwlf Mafbr of ^ 
the Sea, together with thelflesot Ke and OUo% ovenvhelm-* 
ing all that oppofed hirti, until! the F''f«'/j Fleet \\as re-inforced 
by the co.ij.mction' of the Ei^l ^ and HollMd.r with them : 
\Vhereiiix)n we demanded a peace, which ue obtained j and, 
tho-igh it were norfo advancageo'-is as we co.iid dcfirc, yet was 
it bjcter than the former ; foiafm^ich as all oir 1 ortifirations 
were to remain entire ^ and that the Kwg of Ei^l.nd, by the 
King's confjnt , became Caution tor the obfervance of it : who 
was alfo piomXed tliac Fort-L^ivis {hoiild within a little time 
be razed. 

Let us novreftecl upon the tliird Warre, and confidcr who 
were the Authcis ot it. The revolts and treacheries 1 had ex- 
perienced in the tvo former, made me unwilling enough to 
runne my f>;lf inro a ne .v engagement j and, none indeed, that 
had not pjoved it, could well judge of the heavinelfe of fuch a 
burthen. Not, but that i favv that the loflcof Koch^lkwoAld nc- 
ceifarily folio ,v the continuation of the peace, without fonie eX' 
traordinary afTiftance ; Nev-errielcile,conceiving the evil irrcmc- 
dible by us , I addrelled my fupplicaiionstoGod, for its deli- 
verance ; conceiving it a fufficient fatisfadion to my Confci- 
ence, that 1 had fomething advanced the condition of our 
Churches by the precedent peace , and cafl the care of 
the execution of it upon the Oioulders of a Potent Kjng , 
who could not with fafcty be difobliged , and who only was 
able to undertake the prefervatian of Koibtlle, 

Whiles I was in this rcfolution, came a Gentleman to me 
from the l{jng of great BrUahi ; to let me know , that, being 
fi-irety for our peace, he was equally fenfible of our futferings, 
to which he would apply all convenient Remedies ; that the 
preparations made againfl it, aiVured him of o a* enemies inten^ 
tlons to ruin Kochelh , not.\i:h(landing their engagement to the 
contrary; Wherefore, he rcfolved to afTift them to the utter- 
Bioft, and that he was now making piovi/ion for that pur- 


upon the Trouiles in France, 5 i 

pofe : That, in the nu-an whije he wo'jli follicke our "^711^ by 
fus Eaibailidoais, to pertcaii hii promiies in our behalf j and 
that, though he had l.tde hofes to pievail^ yet he conceived him- 
felt bouna to try all gentle wayes, bcfoie e I'.fcd any extiemi- 
tles : which it fiewcie forced unco , he v.ould hazard all hiS 
Kingiomes, and his pcrfon too , info jaft a Wane, cd 
which he found iUmielf obiigeU both ly Conicjence , and Ho- 
nour : provided, t' lat for our }\arts , vve fhould take Amies vvitii 
him, and prom Je, as he did, no: to llllen to any Treaty, but 
joynt'y with him *, That he wouJd entertain his Armits, both at 
Land and Sea, at his own Charge?, untlll the end of the Warrc ; 
That he had no oilier aims , than the obfervatlon of the peace, 
for which he was engaged j conjuring me not to abandon my 
Party, vJien fo ji:fl:, neccH'aiy, and apparent opportunity for ii.s 
Keftauratlcn, was offered. Protefling withall , that if he would 
not hearken to this otFer , that he fliould hold himfclf difcharged 
ot his engagement, both before God and Man. And forconclu- 
fion, d^rfired me v\ Ith all fpeed, to difparch a Gentleman to him, . 
with an acco.mtof mine, and the refolutions of all our Pre- 

And here 1 demand of my Dctradors what was to be done in 
this cafe. If I {liould abfolutdy refufe this offer, and that the 
l^ini of E'lr^.a^J after the taking of KochcUe, fliould dtdare, that , 
it was my t auk alone that it vas n'-'t relieved , in what predica- 
ment h d 1 then been ^ Had I not been in execration with all 
tliofe of my Religion ? ^What caufe had 1 then given them to 
condemn me ? And here I challenge every particular perfon 
of my Accufers to make my cafe his own, and to confider, whe- .• 
ther I could in confclence be deaf to fuch Proportions. On 
the other fide, I confidered to what a heavy burthen , I now a 
third time fubmltted my tlioulders ^ calling tomlnde the incon- 
flancyof our people, the Infidelities of the better fort of them; 
the poverty of the Villagers, the avarice of the Citizens, and 
above all, the irreligion of them all. , 

All which, were luiHclent to Ihake a more refolute fpirit than 
mini. Nevertheleile, hoping that God, who Viad been ever my 
defence, would not now foifake me , I was blind to all other 
Interefts, then that of his Church ; and extolling his Piety, and 
generous Refolut.on, anfwered the King's Pvopofalb, with a pro- ; 
mlfe, to take amies, as foon as his Army fliould make their defcent 
into the Ifle of jRc, and not before j for that our people would 
need fuch a Spurr to quicken them ; and that, according to his 
defires, I would within a few daycs fend a Gentleman to him , . 
with moft hunibie thanks for this oft ^red afliftancej and to fatlsGe . 

• E a hira 

5 2 The Duke of RohanV Difcourfe 

him in all points he dclircd to be informed. The , now dead 
Sxir cU Sdiit Bl uicx,-l 5 was he whom 1 employed : After which, 
cime my Lord Maitdgac with Credentials, to confirm all that is 
above related. 

Tae Englilh Army landed in the Iflmd, and a little after I 
appealed in amies : It was no: my tank that that Army too!^ not 
ilKCit.iddl of Ke ', nort'utthe fecond vidualled not RochcUe -y 
nor that the third did not refcue it from rain. For as for me, I 
hid continually two or three Armies upon me, which I ftill held 
in play, and which was all the dlveriion could be expected from 
rac y and God Co ftrengdiened mc, that notwithftanding our 
wants and weaknefle, they got no advantap,e on mc. 

But there is yet another afperfion layed upon me , for that, 
feeing Ko^'/ii^/^' was loft, and the i\.'«2; engaged in the Relief of 
Cd'^il, 1 let flip that opportunity, to defire a peace ; To which 
I anfwer, Thattherc was thena Ge^SMi/Zy^/pw/^^y on foot, with 
uh3ra I had a joynt adminiftratlon of aftairs j fo, that if there 
were any fault committed,it ought not to be imputed to me alone: 
But we held ihisAUxime:Notto treat with Any b'M fnch as were ahli 
to ma^e good our couUfions : For our former experience had taught 
us, that, fach C^'^'iofitiei' had ruined our aftairs j For while we fed 
our felves with hopes of peace , our enemies were not lb aftivc to 
pieparethemfel/es for warre, but the fpirits of our Party cooled 
as faft ; (o that fuch Treaties, were but inventions to betray us 
into a deadly fecurlty. Nor did fuch propofitions ever pro- 
ceed f lom any but our enemies ; to which we anfAered , that we 
were alwayes ready to ask it with all fubmiffion and honour due 
to our lijng 'j tliat we only defired leave to fend to the Isj'iig of 
Great Bikm , withojt whom wc could conclude nothing. And 
as for my part, I pafcfs, tliat Ihad rather have endured all ex- 
tremities, than violated fo many religious Oathes 1 hid taken, 
not to enter upon any Treaty without him. To which I add, 
that tfie hopes we had ©f confiderable and fpeedy fupplies from 
forra'gn Princes J the reiterated afTirancesof the l^^g of £;?- 
fl.i/i(i\ that he would never conclude a Peace, in which we were 
not included ;'and t'lc great diverfions the Kjng then had,wcrc, 
mcthlnks, fufficient reafons, to withhold us from fo unreafonable 
pre fling for it. 

There remains nothing more to be fpokcn , but concerning 
the Peace it felf •, in which we muft refled upon the King's, and 
ouro.vnconditlon, and how things were then carried ^ that wc 
may the hetcer judge, wh:ther any thing could be better doner 
Oar Impieties obftruded our deliverance , which God only 
Ciewcdus^ as he did the land of C0Mn to the Children of If" 

upon the Trouhles in France. 5 ? 

rxil , who dyed in the Dcferc. Buc if we reform our ^dy[z%^ iic 
will 5 as he did for them, ref^rvc it for our poflerity. 

He futfered the jf\,w^ to conquer, as foan as he came and favv : 
For to force the narro.v paiViges of the Mountains , to take 
the Tovvne of Siija , and reviftual Co.%cil , and make a peace 
witli the Ki.^2 of S^.vne , and the D/^/^j of Scivoy , w ere hue 
one and the fame ad ion : This expedition over, and the 
peace with E'lgl.vid made, he turned his whole power again It 
us. Tfic Country about ^o-itankvi was ravilhed by Monficur . 
x\\z?irticey and the D/4'- ^' Efjj.yi-oir, tliat about Cj/?i'ji- by Mon^ 
fi Hi' the Dh^^ de ycntadowy that about M'Uaitd by Mo/ifteiiY 
de NoiivH^i; that about Nifm:s by Moifieuv the M-vefcki II d' 
Jistrk 5 And the l\jrig in perfon came alfo with his vidorious Ar- 
my, which he re-inforced with tliat of t!ie V:tk.^ d^e MontmC' 

Thus were we at the fame time , environed with fix Annies, 
confiding of more than fifty thoufand Men, with a train of fifty 
piece of Canon, with Ammunition for fifty thoufand fliot, and 
' other provifion fufficienc tor the nouriiliment of the Souldiery. 
'Twas then that the Partifa/is the Kjng had in our Townes , began 
to flic'.v themfelves, making overtures of particular Treaties to 
defeat a gcjneral Peace. Every one of tliofe wafted Communal- 
ties, except Nifmcs and Mo/itnubM, required my prefcnce with 
an Army ; or threatned me with a particular accommodation. 
By thetreadiery of the Sieur de Chevrilles , was the Siem SU 
Andre de Monthni'/te, with eight hundred Men o( Langi^cdoc, tcg^* 
ther with the Town of Pyivas loft. The Siear de Eeiuvo'ir, ha- 
ving made his own compofition, turned Broker for St. Amh''o':fc • 
and all the Souldiers I had put in there , went thence Oratours to 
pcrfwade others to the like cowardize and bafenefs. In all Lar,- 
gucd'ic^zndtbcSevmcs could I not find a man would undeitake 
the Command of Alc\j to endure a Siege there ; nor yet in Ai^ 
ditT^, unleft'v I ftiut my felf up with thera. Divers Commu- 
nalties had formed their Aflcmblies before my face,and in fpighc 
of me, to make their own Peace apart ; To dillblve which, I was 
enforced to call a pyovinckl Ajjembly, and promTe tliem, that, if 
that proved inc-ft'edual to procure a general Peace , they fliou'd 
then be at liberty to make their ovn conditions. All the moft 
eminent of our Party, a few only excepted, upon every {lig'ic 
occafion pick quarrels either among themfelves, or with me ; and 
mmyof them treated by themfelves ; for, none thought of fa- 
ving any thing but his own goo:ls from this m'.ferahle wrack. 
In fhort , there was none that had any confideration of the 
Publique Intcreft'. I fliould have been then glad to have fccn, 

E 3 any 

54 T'be Duke of Rohan' j Difcourfe 

any of ihck S^iUrCrit'Cl^s, ivho living at their eafe, and out ci 
ah dan^eij fo freely beftow their Ctnfuics wron othcis ; 1 bi- 
lieve ttiac in rucii an extremity, they \AOuld have tUc no kfs per- 
plexities thm 1 then lulfered. 

But this is. not all j 1 faw that a general Peace was inevita- 
bly n.ceH'ary, but to.;na it obilruded by many and great dim-. 
cuities. Th^King'b Council! veiy well knew oiir condition, 
and were cxtreamly deiirous to proceed in their delign j encou- 
rasj,ed thereunto by our talfe Brethren, v\ho daily made them 
pe\v Propofals, tending to our deftrudion : ana, had not I 
prevented the execution of th,Town of Sxuvt^s rcfolution , we 
had never obtain.'d a general Peace. On the other fide , 
though not one Communally, would put themfclves in a po- 
{lure of defence, it being impofTihle to incline them to disburfe 
one henicYj towards tiie railing of any Souldiers , or drawing 
tiny to thofc: places wliere v e feared a liege 5 Yet, by the in- 
ftigation ot fomc inconiiderable, but feditious perfons, bribed to 
difturbeand cmbiovleus, did they murmurc , when there was 
-any fpeech cf throwing oft but one ftone from their Foitih- 

To remove thefe difficulties, I let the Court know, that I was 
rcfolved with the moll: of our Party, to dye b;avcly, rather than 
fail of a general Peace. That it wasdangeruus to leave an arm- 
ed people no oiher hope of fifety than in death ;, that 1 would 
never treat alone j but, that if they would gran;: mc rtfpite but 
Cor four dayeswith a celVation for than time, and fafe conduct to 
bring i]\zGcncrallA\\.mhlyiyom':slfmr, ,10 ArJn:^, I durftpro- 
mife my feif a happy conclufion : which was at length, but not 
without much heiication : accorded me When the G:ncYdl Af- 
ftmlly were there arrived , they would not charge themfclves 
alone with the whole burthen of the Treaty , efi->ecially at fuch 
a time, when it was impoflible to obtain a Peace any way cor« 
refpondcnt to their defires , and whence the reproaches they 
were to fear, fo farre exceeded any thanks they could hope for , 
But ccfues the afl'iftance of the Vrovincial^ Afjifnbly of the SC" 
vcfics, and alfo of that of tlie Town of A/idn^c, as being mod 
fhrearji-^d with a Siege , and moft concerned in the fubiiftence 
of the Fortifications. All conclude that a general Peace was 
nccellaiy, and that they ought not to infifton any thing, but 
t^c qualification of the Article concerning the Fortificat ons. 
'But the Gcnc',\il Aff.mbly notfatisficd with this, aflbciated to 
dK-nifc'ves twelve otlier Deputies extraordinary : fix from '^ifmcs^ 
ami (ix from ^/l\, fent purpofely to endeavour the prefervatlon 
'■of the Foititicaticns and a^ many more alfo from the A^'embly 
' 'of 

uj^on the Tradles in France. 5 5 

C'f xx.nS^y^n^s : So that the AHl-mbJy con{itled then of five an./ * 
ioiricy, or fitty pcrfoni : who uiian.moiily fcnt their Deputies to 
the Court ; where t'lcy had auuiencc, were received to treat, 
and many Articles were agreed on ; bur, as concerning that ot 
the Fortiticari'-ns, no mention of any modification could be fuf* 
fered j fo that our Deputies returned without concluding any 
tiling, and made their report to the Affambly-y who thereupon 
fent to thofc of the Scveri:s for thsir advice. The of A/i- 
da^. fiill: vote a peace, with the loll.: oF tlieir Fo^cihcations , 
T\zyiiz\\^?vovincids, and lad of all t'le A'cmbl^ Oedcr.dl do the 
like aJfo, and returned their Deputies to conclude it}, diargin^ 
them moreover to infill uponfomc fatisfiA.on to be made to me, 
in iicuof the lofljs I had fullamcd. Thus did wc obtain age- 
neralPcice; and for my particular, they pro^-ured me a pro?* 
mifeof an hundred thoufand Cro*ns; out of w'lich / affign- 
ed more thni touifcorc thoulanJ Crowns , to fuchas had either 
ferved tile Party, ordisb-U'ed any fum;n2s to vardsthc payment 
of the Soildicry; fo, that there remains no: co my portion 
twenty tnoufand Crowns to repair my rainatei Houfes. 

And now i iliall fubmit it to the judgement of all Prudent, 
and Equitable perfons , whether was the occafion of the firll 
War ? W^hether the fecond - ere prejudicial to thofs of our Re-" 
li^ion ? Whether / procured the third > Whet'ier that Leins; (c- 
licited by the Kzig of EngiDil^ to fach an engagement , i ought 
to have ref ufed it } Whether that being obli2;ed not to hearken to 
any Treaty but conjoyntJy with him, 1 ought to draw upon my 
felf the guile of perjury ? Andy whether after the peace was made 
between En.gLind and FrMC, when / was bclet of all hands, I 
fliould rather fuffci the Extindions of our Edids, tlian preferve 
them by a General Peace ; with the lode of our Fortifi- 
cations, wiiich we were no waves able todefend. 

Thefeare the Crim:^ layd to my charg? by our 'P.u'ifqu s, and 
for wliich I have been condemned of t!iourands to be torn with 
wild-Hoifes, ( wliich I eftecm a glory to me , fince they before 
alfo prefamed to icnccnce Hoiry the Great , and Harquebufierd 
him in Effigie), I fliall wilTi t!iat thofe that fliall fuccecd me 
have noldlizealifi'lelity and patience, than I have had ^ that 
they may meet witli a Pto ilc more conllint, leile various , and 
more zealous than I have done • and that G:>d would Crown 
their c ndeavours with more proffe)erous Events ; thic at length, 
reflroring the Dcfolate Churches of Fratcc, they miy happily ac- 
c/3:nplifh what I have attempted. A^cn. 

E4 PlS^ 

5.6 The DukeofV^ohm's Difcourfe 

Discourse X. 

Monjiepir the Prince his Letter to Mon 
Jienr the Dukg cf Rohan. 

MonfieiiY 5 

THe cxurcfs plcafurcof the K'^^y to indulge tliofe cf the 
pretended reformed Religion, with a full liberty of Con- 
fcience, hath made me hitherto allow l/t to nil, refiding in our 
Garhfons, Country, and Catholique Townes , that have con- 
tained ihemfelves within the limits of their obedience due to 
his Majefly. juftice hath had its free couife ; Your Seimcns 
arc continued in ail places, two or three only excepted, where 
they were ufed, not as exercifts of Religion, but as Trumpets 
tp Rebellion. The Officers that marched out of the Townes 
in Rebellion againft him, flill keep their Offices : In a word, 
thpfe of the pretended Reformed R eligiort, that violate not their 
Loyalty, arc treated equally with .the Catholiques that have 
been flill faithful! to the K-'^^g- The difcrcecer fort of your 
Kcligion, have cuifed your Rebellion , and at length found 
that the J\idg huh done, nor you, nor them any harm, but 
yvhat you have drawn upon your felves, the Maledidion of God^^ 
and your Soveralgns juft indignation againflyou. By the Let- 
ter you wrote to the Sieuy Edmond, 1 have learned the refolu- 
tlonof ihz A ff'.mhlyzx.A'ulH':^. Whether will the rage for your- 
dlfcovered juglings , and your foolilK animofitics agalnft the 
Catholiques hurry you ? Thofe that were taken at GMarguei 
were hanged by your own Decree j Since that you preferred A)'" 
w.t'/g//a before their lives: Their deftrudion is juftTyabic, by 
all the Rules of War, even between two Soveraigns : But in this 
c;ifv5 between a fcrvant and his Mafter, between a fubje<5t, as you 
arc, and his King, and Soveraign • the threats you heath both 
againft the Prifoncrs, which arc of a diflPt rent Nature from 
purs, and the Catholicpes rcmainipg in thej^^wnes now in 


upon the Letter of Monfieur the Prince^ 57 

Rebellion, will fall upon your Celvcs : You blow againft the 
wind J you and your followers , will foon, or late , rcceire an 
exemplary punifhment for ic. For my pare , 1 freely declare 
I fliali not fail to difpofc of the Prifoners taken at Gallaygiies 
according, as with good reafon, I intended 3 and, (befides 5^-. 
vigmc, and thirty others with him in T/w</j.'//l',), all the Prifo- 
ners of Tn^uet, and MontpcUier, and all others that are already 
or for the future fiiall be taken, (haU undergo the fame pains' 
you infljd on thofe you now detain 3 and all the Huguenots in 
the Kingdom , the Minifters and Officers not excepted ^ fhall 
be payed in the fameCoyn, the CathoJiques under your power 
arc i And of this be moft confident, ^nd now that Kochclk is ac 
the laft ^afp ; and that the Engii(h, difcovering your fallacies 
have deferred you, let it fufficeyou, to have added to your for' 
mer Rebellions, three moft notorious Crimes : The firft is 
the calling in of Forraigners into the Realm, and boaftin<7 of 
it publiquely in your writings. The fccond is , the creatine 
Officers of T"-ftice. The third is. Your coynlngof mony with 
the Royal fiamps ; proper only to the Kjng himfelf. God reward 
you according to your deeds, and give you grace to repent. 
For my part, 1 could wifli with all my heaiT, that the Kino's 
fervice would give mc leave to be 

ftom Bcx^ie res y Your afeSionate 

T<lovemk 4, f^rvant Htmy di^ 

1628. Bourbon. 



8 The Duke of Rohan'5 Difcourfe 

Discourse XI. 

Monpenr the Duks ^f R^^ha/s anfwer 
to Monjieur th^ Prince. 

My LOid) 

As your quality of Prince oF the Blood gives yoi a Privl- 
kdge to write what you pleafc to me j fo doth it debar 
me of the liberty to anfwer you with tliat freedom I fhould 
otherwifc ufe. It lliall therefore fuiTice me, that 1 jalliifie niy 
^elf againft your principal Accufations. I confefj^ that i once 
unhandfomly took up Armes, it being no: for any ntcrefts of our 
Religion, but of your perfon only, who piopiifcd iii a repa-» 
ration for the violations of our Edids 3 yet did norhing at all 
in it, but Ihuffled up a Peace , before we could hear from the 
General Alfmbly, Since that time , every one knows , I never 
had any recourfe to Arjjics, but when .obliged by pure neceHlry, 
to defend our Eflates, our Lives, and the Liberty of our Confci- 
cnces. If the Englifh came to our affiftance , they had much 
more rcafon for it than the GrrmMCs vou drew into France ; for 
that, by the King's con cnt, they were botli Mediatours, and Cau- 
tion for the obfcivr.nce of our Peace ; If we have coyned mc- 
ney, it was with the King's ftamp, as it hath been ufual in all 
au- civil Warrcs. I undcrftand my fclf too well, to pretend to be 
aSoveiaign; nor had I ever my Nativity calculated, to know if 
Ifhouldevcr arrive at that height ; I confcfi"- , I am held-in 
execration amors; thofc who feek the ruine of tlie Church of 
Gfl:/} and glory in it ; As for your thrcatnings , they move me 
not ; I am refolved for all events. I feek myreiofe in Hea- 
ven- and Godwin vouchfafe me the Grace to enjoy the quiet 
of my Confcicnce upon Earth. You put to dcatli the prifoners 
taken at GrdlrugiiLs • I followed your example, doing the like to 
thof^ J took at Moits^ I conceive this praftice, will be morepre^ 
judicial to ycur$5 than our men • for as mud^ is being uncer- 

ftpon the tArJvper of Monfieur the Pnnce. 5P 

tain of their Salvaiion, death muA needs be more terrible to 
them Yo.i taught mc to begin an exercife cofitraiy to my own 
difpofition. And yet, I flioald con ctive my fe.t too cruel to m;^ 
Souldieis, not to immolace forae vidimes to them. As for the 
mallacres you thi eaten thofe of the Religion with, who, under 
the ProteLt;on of the publique Faith, are now among you ; Ic 
is a fair encouragement to make them truft their enemies, and a 
jufl vindicat.on V our law full defence : 1 hope alfo that the- 
Kjni will one day know I have done him no dlHervice, and will 
forget his difplcarare. You tell rae, Ga^ will curfe me : I con- 
felle 1 am a great (inner, for which I do ferioufly repent me : but, 
fincc the ancient Prophefies are fulfilled , and that I give no 
credit to thofe of our times, I do not fear that fire from Hea- 
ven fliall confume me. In a word, I do net think you bcftow 
thtfe imprecations on me in good earnefVj but only to purchafc • 
you a great efteem among the Papifts j For, as 'tis reported , you. 
have done w'cll enough in this War , which gives me an alfu- 
rance ihac you will let us alone in the poor Scvmts , fince there 
arc more knockes than Pidols to be received. There remaines 
nothing for conclunon, but to pray God that he deal not with yoil 
after your works ; but,that bringing you yet back again to the true 
Religion, he wil give you conftancyto perfevere in it to the 
end .• that imitating the examples of your Father and Grandfa- 
ther j you may prove at length the Defender of our Church ; 
thenfhall I iubfcribe that to yourperfon ^ which I now do to 
your quality 5 that I am 

My Lord, 

AU%'blovemh.6. Your fcrvant 
1628. Henry de Rohan^ 


^o The Duke of RohanV Difcourfe 


It he DhJ^ of Kohan* s Mamfejio upon the 

late Occurrences in the Country of the 

Grifons, and the Valtelinc. 

THc true Caufes of the Infurredious of the Grlfo^s , would 
be better concealed than publiflied ; and it fnuch troubles 
me, that I am obliged to difcover them : But the Calumnies , 
which people unpuniiTicd, Are daily fufFered to print againft me, 
and the care taken to defciy me both within, and without the 
Kino'dom, conftrnln me, for the vindication of my honour ( which 
I cfteem dearer than my life ) to fpeak the truth, as mt:ch, at- 
leafl:, as convenience wjII give way to : For, there are fomc things 
which 1 cannot refolve to touch, but imperfedly 3 though I have 
jufl: reafon to prefent chem in their true Shapes. Tiic 
J^/zz^atthe Treaty of HkrafiO, obtained a demolition of the 
Forts built by the lmt>eiidi!ts in tlie Country of the G'/'ifons, who 
were alfo to be ic-ftabliflied in the Valtctne, as they were before 
the beginning of the RebelLon. I was tlicn at ^'f »icr,where when 
- /thought of nothing, but fpending the reft of my dayrs in quiet : 
I was" commanded by the lO/?^ into the Country of the Gri- 
fons, to put that defign in execution : / prcfently obeyed , and 
tranfporced my felf into thofe parts ; where I found, that by the 
Kin <7's Order there was a Levy made of tHree thoufand M;n : 
and that they had begun the Fortifications of the Bridge over the 
Jih'?te -y whlc!i I continued with as much care, and dlKgence, as 
the money allotted for it would g;ive way. When I had thus fpent 
a whole year, I was commanded to reduce the Trsops to a thou- 
fand Mf n, and to return again to Vcd'iCi 5 whl-Ji I did to the great 
dl{ratitfa(^ion of theGr/o/T, who were much difcontented to fee 
thcmfelves fruftrated of their hopes of being rcftored to the VU- 
ttl'ncy and in arreares 2;i-Qat fummcs of money for four moneths 
cay. Not long after I received a new Command to^ return to 


on the OccuHncts in the Comtry of the Grifons • 6 1 

*he Grifons, to obfervc the Adicns of the Duke of fcria, that hs 
Jeizcd not on it, as he marched witli his Army into GLrmmy. Af- 
ter that Army had palFcd the Vdtd'inc, 1 had fix fcveral Orders 
to enter it, which were a^ many times revoked : at length, I 
receiycd other Orders to go to ?aiis, where 1 was commanded to go 
to AlfdCi'yUnd thence to the Gijfons,io execute the defignupon the 
Valtcime, in A py. I, m the year 1635. ^ happily pafled through 
SwitT^Ykn^l, and feized on the ycdtttine , which i defended in 
four let Battels, in which the Emperour , and the King of 
S^.v.ns Armies, fent thitherto .rive me thence, were defeated. I 
iifed all neceflary means to ftcure all the Valtdi/ie^ and the Coun- 
ty of Borm and chiazenncs : all which was approved by his 
Majefly. Then was I inflantly urged by the Grifons for their 
re-llabLfl^ment in the Valtclinc^ according to the many Royal 
promTcs made them both by word of mouth, and in writing, 
F»ut having no order to do it 3 and being no longer able to delay 
tliem with excufes,! fent intelligence of all to the Courtjpropofing 
alfo an Accomodation, which, though fullofdiffkulty, I doubted 
not to clfcd J 1 had Orders to attempt it j* which I did , and fo 
purfued it ; that at length I procured a Treaty^ with the Ratifica- 
tion ot the Gnjons^ and the Confent of the VaUelines ; by which 
I obtained all that was dcfired, and indeed more than was hoped 
for, Butinftcadof his Majefties Confirmation, were fent mc 
Modifications, and exceptions which ruined all. 

While the Grifons expcdcd the eftcft of the Treaty, divers ac- 
cidents happened in the Countiy : to wit, want of money to pay 
xhtGrifoii Troops: the Peftilence, which deflroyed the trench 
Army • and a violent ficknelle which fur prized me. All which 
encouraged thofe that were defirous of InnovatioBs , and alie- 
nated from us the Grifon Colonels and Captains, who were be- 
fore well affeded to Vrmce j who firft preTented me with a Petiti- 
on ) next fent mc a Declaration by their Deputies; and at laft 
refolved to quit their Ports, and the fervice^ unleflc they received 
fome pay. 

In the mean while, the jmperid Partifam, loll: no opportunity 
to revive thofe Confpiracies , which the Vidorious progrcfs of 
the King*s Army in the Faltdine, had well near fupprefled ; and 
fo farre did they proceed, that there was nofmall probability 
that we fhould then fee that infurredion which enfued after-, 
wards. I then kept my bed, having fcarce recovered my fpecch, 
and confequently was in no fit condition to remedy fuch difVcm- 
prs : All that J could do, was to defire Monfieur Lafnieriht Em- 
bafladour, to take a journey to Coirf, which he did, but found 
the Party is Tuchjipofture, that he could by 09 meanM break 

62 The Duke 0/ Rohan's Difcourfe 

off the correfpondcncy between th. Colonsl's and Capta'ns, with 
the chief of the League, who promifj.i them to l<favc their 
poflsj and retire to the middle of theii Country, and there con- 
tinue in a body. As foon as i oad notice of thiS difoider, 1 com- 
manded a SccLvi to be prepared, in vvliicn i was carried to Co'irc j 
Avhere 1 caufed a Gcncrrd Connci co be held, for the reducing of 
thefe people, i was then of opinion lo conceal the Modihcat'on 
fent me from the CoLirt, which Mmjieur Lafmer's Judgement 
would not give him leave to viflent to i fo, that the proportion of 
the Modification was fent to the Commons, which fo ex.ifperated 
them, that they held another Council at itlaiis, where they pri- 
vately refolved upon the Deputation to impriuhls to treat with 
the imperial sis, and Spari'.frds. 

Notwithftanding all this, I came to a Comroficion with the 
Grifo/i Colonels and Captains, concerning their pay ; upon which 
Condition, and after the payment of the firft fumme agreed upon 
between us, they were to return to the feiTice. But all the Re=:' 
monftrances I could make during thefe ftirres, were not prevalent 
enough to procure the fecond payment for thofc Colonels and 
Captains, nor any pay for the SivUT^rs , nor money to furniOi 
the French Souidiers with bread : fo that 1 was left aJonc , to 
ftruggle all at once with the difcontents of the three Nations. 
In the mean time tiieir Deputies concluded their Treaty at Im- 
pruchts, and obtained of the King of Spin , the payment of 
their Troops from the firfl of November, 163 6 the re-ffabliih- 
ment of the Jurifdi5tion of the Vdtdine, exercifed by the Gyi[hiSy ' 
without any diftiiiftion or P^eligion ; and other Articles farre 
more advantageous, than thofewehad accorded them. As foon 
as I had difcovered tins agreement, I gave notice of it to the 
Court, by an qxprcfs of the 27th. af T>ecemh:r in the fame year, 
in thefe very terms : That the King muft refolve to accept of ho- 
nourable Conditions to leave the Gnfom , and withdraw his 
Troops, or to give Order for their fpeedy fatisfadions , it bein^ 
paft the power of any PromJfes , or Treaties , longer to prevent 
the eruption of their difcontents, into an open flame ; And, at 
the bottom of my Letter, I conjured 3ifl«//t'«j'Eoam//c}* earncftly 
to prefs the confideration of it there , where it was of greatcfl 
concernment. But all this produced no cffed. In the mean 
while the Deputies returned from Impmchts-y Whereupon, 1 
wrote again more earneftly than ever ; ftill hoping , If I could 
yet obtain any neceffary fupplycs of money, to efted two things 
infallibly J One was to reclaim a good part of thofe who had 
deferted us ; being well affured, that dcfpair, and the ruin of 
ihcii" domeftique affaii's were the only motives that engaged 

upon theOccur^nces in Grifons md Valteline 6i 

them in the contrary Pa ity : The other, which 1 had alfocom- 
pallki, had 1 been ailiflcd with money, was, to have retarded the 
liiins, : For, in fuch matters, he tiiat oains time winncs all, and 
delay is the greateft enemy to all Confpiracies. This was the 
oniv're?.ron that hindered my departure towards the Valielme y 
For having determined to flop me, the fame day that I fliould 
be inareadineile to gofionU&irt' ; it had been a great impm* 
dence in me to occafion the eruption ot ahufoefle which time 
alone could prevent ; but thele confiderations were of no vali- 
dity. For, fo fane vcre they ticm furniiliing mc with the nccef- 1 demanded, that to compleat our mifchiefs, my Meflen- 
»er returned without an anfvcr 3 fo that being now void of all 
hopes, I hadnootherconfoht.on to alleviate thefe extream per- 
vicx'.ties : but to proteil: befoi e God and Men, againft thofe that 
iiad occafioned the ruin oi the aftairs of that Country ; which 
1 did by an exprcfs, addiefled to Mmfimr tie Kou-rs. Whereup- 
on, feeing that 1 was no,v deftitute of all hopes of afllftance, 
and that my Letters were not vouchfafed an anfwer ; there was 
' nothing more Ictt forme to do, than with impatience to cxped 
the approach of tiie tempeft , which 1 had long before fore** 

At length came the ftorm, of which I was as certain fotir 
moneths before, as the very day it fell. I confefle indeed , that 
to avoid the fight of fo unpleafing a Speftacle , I had defired 
leave to go to Vaiicij to take order for my aftairs there ^ which 
was granted mc upon condition, that 1 ihould be rcfronfible for 
all accidents in the Country of the Grfms^ during my abfence, 
but not one \^ord of anfwer was returned , concerning the means 
I demanded to prevent tiie evils . forefaw. The whole Counny 
then bemg in one day rifen in Armes againft me j all that I 
could do was to retire to the fort upon the Khine^ and there to 
Rendezvous the Colonel Schmh's Regiment of Smt'^ys , con- 
fifting of Sr^omen, with the loo Fm^cb which were there be-» 
tore, be forced to draw oft" the Guards from the Bridge over 
the Rhine , and from Steich y for that I had not men enough to 
Iteep thofe poftes too. 

There was I befieged by fii Gr'ifr/i Regiments, which, with 
the Spanifh money they had compleated , out of the Commu- 
nalties of the Grifen League, eut of the Neighbour Communal- 
ties of CorCy out of that of Tam^ of the Valley of PenauSy and 
the Troops of Galas^ who were now drawn down to the Grifojt 
Frontiercs, I heard not any thing from the Army In the J^alte- 
liney nor could 1 fend to them at all, being inclofcd in a Fort, 
where there was but oae.MilJ, which cculd fcarce grind Com 


^4 Tl&f T)uke of Rohan's Difcourfe 

enough for two hundred Men, and generally fo ill provided of 
all necefl'aries, that ic is a lliame to Tpeak it : For it was im- 
polVihle, notvvithftanding all the raoft inftant foUicitacions mads 
to that end, ever to obtain any fetied ftorcs for the labliftance of 
the faid Fort. . 

Bcfides thefe exigencies, all communication with the ViiltC' 
line was cut ofF , nor could I long continue my correfpon- 
dcncics in Swit::crU/id ; For the Gnfons kept the Bridge over 
the Khi/ie, whicli was fordeable but fifteen dayes : In which 
time 1 took the opportunity lo fend Monprnr de Mchjud Em- 
bafladour to Swiiq^yUnd, a true ftate of my condition , that 
he might give both* the Kjng and Mo/ijki^r de Th^ulleyie, Em« 
bafladour of Venice^ an account of it. 1 writ alfo to the Cm- 
toi of Zurich, to try, if I could thence in fomc fliort time ob- 
tain a tho'^fand or twelve hundred Switx^rs , with which I 
would have attempted to keep the Field : But Zurich concei- 
ving the propoiitlon too full of hazard to be undertaken by 
them alone , there being an Ajfembly GenirM ready to fit at 
Balden y thought it lutficicnt to advercifc their Neighbours of 
thefe late accidents. And that Cantoyiywkh thji o( Claris j fent 
Deputies to mediate an accommodation between the Grifofis ^ 
and me ; to which end a Conference was held ; The Grifons 
demand the V^altdlm^ lb often promlfed them, and a Million 
of Livers due for their Colonels and Captains for their Ar- 
rears : And moi-eover declare, that, having called in the King's 
Forces only to defend them againft their Neighbours, they had 
no more need of their afllftance, fince they were novv come to an 
agreement with them ; and that, in a word, they defi red with- 
out any further delay, they might be put in poflcffion of that, 
which did of right belong unto them ; that, fince the Ki'^g had 
fome reafons which impeded their re-flablitlimcnt in that man- 
ner as they defired , they had now found means to effed: it ano- 
ther way, with which they were very well contented, and faiisfi- 
cd 5 and, that if all thefe confiderations were laied afidc , yet 
was there one more equivalent to them all j to wit , that they 
defired not that the King's Forces fhould make any longer- 
abode in their Country, and that it was a thing never before 
heard of, forcibly to impofe relief on thofe that defired not , 
nor had any need of their afTifkncc ; That Soveraigns glvs 
Lawes in their own Territories , and do not receive them 
from any other j That, asthey (hould ever acknowledge them - 
felves infinitely obliged to his Majefly for the afliflancc he had 
vcuchfafed them, fo diditfecm hard to them, that- he fhould 
continue his Armies ia their Country againft their will ? To 


on theOcxunnces in the Country of the Grifons.^d 

vvhich 1 replyed, that the K% would eafiiy concicTc end to zny 
rcafoiubk proPoiitions, if t cy were demanded as chcyoucrhf 
and that, it 'they would give mc time to fend to the Couit I 
uould ailiuc them, they Ihould receive .all pofTible fatisfa-* 

The Deputies of Zwin])^ and C/jm omitted noti-iing'to .incline 
tliem to more friendly terms, at leail^ till the Seilion <^' tlie Af-i 
f.mbly at hadtn • hut whether, that they feared the di^bandin^ of 
their neVv raifed Soukiiers, or whether it was by reafon of their 
nearncis to the ]mi>mdi\{s ^ and S[)anilh Forces, who .delired 
norhing more, than to Qt footing in their Ctiuntry,thcy w ouM 
not llilen to. any Compoluion, unlelVc I vvouid tngas^ give' 
them up tiie Ton upon the Kh^ne ', which the Smt-^crs Dtputics? 
alfo tearing the kindling of a fire fo near their own Houfes ,- 
pcrfwaded nietoiefign. 

This was my Condition, and that which is mcfl confiderable 
is, that the SwU-itrs were Malkrs ct the Fort , who cryed' alfo, 
that they never underftood that tht King's Forces came into the 
Grifons Countiy for any other end, than to aid them,as Allyes 
<)f the Grown 3 that his Majiilly was too juft to havj: any 
. other thoughts • that if it-lliould appea^- to them that he intcitded 
any thing, fo contrary to the right of Nations , as to continue ' 
liis Troops-in a Confederates Countiy, by force, they lliould 
then confider what they had to do : That (incc the Gnfons . 
tieclared, that they had no-more need d t'le King's Succours, they 
could no longer remain there, without contrading on the Freich 
Nation the eternal blcmllh of an unjuft ufurpation : And as for 
tlieir particular , they could do no lefs than withdraw their 
Souldiers, that they might not draw upon themfelves the 
guUt of being acceflbries to a thing of fo ill refentment. 

I had no time gVen me to deliberate hereupon 3 for, when. 
I thought to have kept it twelve or fifteen da)'es , which was 
all I could do ; 1 was ^Perpetually urged to be gone : Wherefore, 
I took this tollowing courfe • to wit, to leave the Fort in the 
Swh%crs hands ( who were indeed Mafters of it before ) and ac- 
cept of a certain term to witlidraw the Trench Troops from the 
Valtclific, by which I got time alfo to inform his Majefty o£ 
it, which I could not any other way obtain of*the Griions^ 
This was all could be done in fuch an exigent as I was in , all 
orher coutfes being abfolutely deftradive j For , befides thac 
the Fort wa:s not in my power, the Svpit^en being abfolutc Maw^ 
fters of it : it was, as 1 have before related, utterly unprovided 
of ncceflariesj nor could be relieved but by the way oc Swltxcy-t 
liind, oi- the Army in the f^^f ^iw. As ioi $yvlt':^'dMd^ it was 

F impolfibis 

66 The Duke o/Rohan's Vifcourfe' 

impoffiHc to be done tliat way : Firft, by rcafon of the avcr/i-. 
on the CMom had declared to the defign ; and next, for that it 
could not be cft'wded, without forcing the Grifons, who kept the 
Bridge over the Rlrnc. As for the Vdteline , it is moft certain, 
that no relief could come thence , it being a thing 1 could aot 
order, for that it was not in my power , for as much as all com- 
munication with that Aimy was cnclrtly cut otF. But, that this 
might have been done, it had been requifite that the Vdteline 
Army ihould have been then commanded by a Man able of him- 
fclf to attempt fuch a thing, without cxpefting Orders from one, 
who, as is well known, was not in a capacity to fend them : For 
the Foits in the VdteUnc^ and County of Chiavenncs, being fur- 
nillied for two moneehs, he might have marched to my afTiftance 
with eight thoufand Foot, and (even hundred Horfe, which had 
been fufficient to reduce the Gr'ifom^ and to hinder the Entry of 
the Gcrm.tnci into that Country. This was the only errour com- 
mitted in this Affair j As for my partioalar, 1 value not the vul- 
gars d:;rcant on my aftions j having as much fatisfadion within 
nay felf, as a pundual and exad obedience to all the Commands 
impofed on me, can give ; having not drawn oft' my Troops, nor 
delivered up the Vdkline to the Gnfoni , untill I had received his 
Majefties Commiflion for it : It is true , that before I had it, 
I began to treat, but upon fach terms, that 1 had time enough 
to kno.v the King's pleafure,before 1 came to any conclufion. 

If fince that time any other expedients to repair that Affair, 
were thought on, they came fo late, that MaJtjieHr d* Efiampei^ 
and HonfttUY de GmbviaU , who were then prefent, found it ira- 
pofTihle to put them in execution : which I could more clearly dc- 
monftrace; did not my duty oblige me to conceal things of that 
nature, which even good manners will never give mc Icayc to 


A tetter to Monfeur the Prince o/Condc. 67 


J Letter to Monfienr the Piincc of 


I Had never taken the liberty to anfwer thofc unhandforae 
Chaiaders, you would have fixed upon me in the Ajfmbly of 
Guienne, in Novcmbr,' laft, could I imagine you lud no other 
deiign, than to exempt your felf imm the dillionoux , the 
King's Armes, and the Reputation of the French Nation, re- 
ceived under your Command before Fo4tarabie ; and fhould 
gladly have preferred the refpeft due to your quality before my 
own Juftification ; had you not alfo engaged that which I owe, 
my blood, and to afperfe me , evidenced how willingly you could 
defccnd from your Quality of Prince of the Blood, to play the 
fcuivyOratour, as if you better knew how to ufe your Tongue, 
and Pen, than your Sword. The greatcft Crime I am charged 
ivithin your Writing, was, that I refufed to obey yoJ, which 
you yet pretend, not confidcring, thatfuch a contempt of yoiir 
Command , would more refled upon your felf than me> if that 
fair opportunity of taking F0?UArabie had been loft upon that 
cccafion, fince you had then the power in your hand to punih 
Hie for my difobeiience. Pardon me, Shy if 1 tell you , that yo i 
palliate with my pretended obftinacy , the favour you were 
willing to gratifie the Arch-Biiliop of BoUydeinx with, to my pre- 
judice, and, that they were your own inventions which made 
you change, and re chans^e the Councils after the twofirft af- 
faults 1 had given, and at length lofe your oppoitunicy , to 
which you impute the affront, as is well known ro the whole 
Army, to deprive me of the fruit of my labour?, and fnacch the 
Ldtvrdl out of my hands .* But, ho.v can that conduce to th; 
defeat receiyecfthreedaycs after, or with what colour can that 
|?e laid to my charge 5 finceyou prefently took mz from mv Poft, 

F 7, faying. 

^8 A Letter to Monfieur the Prince fl/Cond6. 

bavins, It vvouIq be better mar.agei by -another, and tlut one 
Kmrc's fmiLt alli'-ilc would make you Mailti of the place. 1 
rapDofe, iivtKls y 0.1 condemn your felt, unlels you plenlc to 
fay^ alio cKi: i lycd ton^j,ue and hands : io, ciiac the one 
CO J Id not comipa^id, what the others were unable to execute ; 
and that yoirwefe much better fcek foiiie inore fpeclous pretext 
to opprcfs me, tlian to produce i-ich accufations agahift me, as 
on.y betray yoliro'.vn ^uilt. It \^ere another matter, it yet 
imputing; the mlfcarnag^es to me , you think it fulVicienc 
for' my convicllon, to fay, that 1 Taw the dTorder , and ftlrred 
not to avdyou \ to this I can jutlly reply, that, it there were any 
thini!,of fo tune, or honour tobefaved after the wrack , it was 
1 that prefcivedir, and was alfo the occalion, that the bl'.\)d of 
the whole Army was not {hamefully fpilc, and that the lofs was 
not greater than the dlllionour : Yoa never did me the honour 
to impart anv of yourrcfolutlonsto my knowledge j hor could T 
have ever thought, that, lo hinder the Enemies foicing your 
Trenches, you would have removed to draw your Army into Bar- 
tailla two leagues thence, or you had need of the Body I 
commanded j (ince you never gave me notice of it i It is true, 
I heard of the diiturbancc, and difordcr in your Camp by the 
jSrft that fled,- who came to my Quarters, and in an inftant had 
all my men in a leadinefs, expecting fome generous Com- 
minds fiom you ; In which ex^>e<5tation , 1 conceived you had 
rallysd again j and impatiently attended fome intelligence from 
vou • thcfirft and mod certain ncwcs 1 could hear, was that of 
your imbarqulng \ which, I mufi contcfs furprlzed me with 
amazement, and that beins; not able to ima:^ine how ^that ilio ild 
be , I fought in yoiu" Wit, and Cpuragc for thofc Reafons 
which I could nor find in your misfortune j for that 1 could 
not fuppofe you were circumvented for want of providence; that 
if you were forced to give way to the grert:r power of yourE- 
n:.m"c55 I did conceive, that retreating to my Trooj)s, which I 
till then believed you had kept as a Referve, we mloht rally 
the reft by your Prefence, and turn again upon your Enemies, 
who iiad gotten fo cheap a Vidoiy ; on which I my felf had ad'» 
ventured, liad I not by experience known, how great an infl'j- \ 
ence thc^^exgmple of the Gi/^tr*:// hath, either to raife prdcjed 
the fplrlts of ehc whole Body, and that your fo fiidden im- 
barqulng had dirticartned all our Souldicrs ; Neverthek ff:, 
all the reft of thai day, and the night following, did I keep all 
that were under my Comm>and in Armes : conjeduring that 
^•0.1 would take up fome noble Refolution in this Difafter , 
jlftd ^pply fuch %. remedy to .t , ^s^ opuldnoc be expeded from 

7 • ' ' " ' ■ • • . • ■ . g^^ 

''J Letter to Monfieurthe Prince o/Conde. $<^ 

ariy but yourfelf : I drew not off at all untill I faw my felf 
abfolutely fmftrated of my hopes, and then retreated in fuch or- 
der, as thaj: the Enemy dki\\t. not make any attempt upon me ; 
And^ 'tis in this particular alone, that I can acknowledge any 
jufc caufe you have to complain of mc, fince I ufurped the 
hono-ir which was due to you • My refped fliall incline me to 
futfer all elfe your paflion fliall [peak againfl me •, and, I am 
very Torry , that for yoar entire fatisfadion you ilionld be 
enforced co fay, tiiat I have been much fufpeded in many other 
rencontres, but that I have no: alwayes behaved my felf fo ill : 
1 would not, it fhould be known what 1 contributed to yout 
paftage into S^.vn, which progrefs you extoll fo high , to make 
the rulnesof it fall more impetuoj fly upon me; and could wifli 
you had been more refcrved in that acculation , for that the 
multitude you bring to convince me in that particular, makes 
the WQrJd - impute the whole guilt to you : It had be^n enough 
that you had Jufl:itied your felf in a publlque Affimbl^, and 
after your faflilon, given the K'ng an account of my Comporr- 
mencs, without publilhing and crying in the fl:reets of Poi'is , 
your triumph over mc at ToHtjyab':e. It would have been looked on, 
as a Procedure much more bcfeeming your Qiiality, had you left 
the thing wholly to his Majefl:ies confideratien , who alone 
was concerned to abfolvc, or punlfli me, if I had offended, and 
no: made your [dt a Sollicitowr, Judge, Party, and Suborner of 
Witnefl'es, agalnO an Innocent and abfent per]fon,whom your Ty- 
ranny only forced to leave the Kingdom. 

But what have my Father and my Brothers done to be in- 
volved with me in your Invcftlves, unlcfs perhaps you defire to 
condemn them for fear they fliould Jufliitie me, or that you 
think your fjf not fufficiently cleared, umlefs you raze, and 
pluck up the very Fo.mdjtions of our Houfe : Pardon me. Sit, 
if I tell you that the honour my Father hath had, to be ralfed, 
efl;ecmed, and careiTcd by Kings themfclves : the Service he hath 
done the State, and his Ag?, might have made you fpare him 
for your own fake; flnce you hate him only for mine ; and'thar, 
as during his whole life he hrath profefled himfelf to be, a Juft, 
and Generous Pcrfon, who never betrayed his Friends , nor 
knew how to flatter his Enemies : he hathflrill fo demeaned 
himfelf, that he hath never direftly flighted or offended the 
Parliaments, as you inflnuate: nor yet been guilty of fo much 
folly and want of reafon, as to fl:and in need of fo poor fup- 
ports, as flattery to uphold his Quality, 

Nor are my Brothers any more guilty of my Crimes than my 
Father j nor can 1 imagine why you (hculd feek to make them 

f 3 fl3ar<; 

ye >f Letter td Monpeur the Prince o/Conde. 

tmvt in my difgracc, unlcfs you bare ihcm fomc fecrct grudgo 
•vhichyou will not difcovcr 5 But after all thcfe things, s'tr^ I am 
forry you ftiould allcadge paft-aftions, as rcafonsto pcrfwadc 
the people dE the verity of ydir prcfcnt Objcftionj a^ainft mc; 
and that you (hould upbraid me with the Battel rt EfpclletCy 
iinlefs for fear they (hould reproach y«u that of ^ole -, and, 
that you charge my Father with fcditions, which are Crimes, as 
you lay, lead pardonable in all States, left they {hould call to 
Wind the troubles raifed by you in the King's Minority 5 dui ing 
•vhich time, wc may fafely fay , that you taught the Nobility 
ration, ^ the yet bleeding people Rebellion ; which you never 
gave oflP, untill the Bois de V'vucenntSy took away both your Rcpu- 
ttcion, and the ufe of it. 

I know not, 5i>-, with what Eye you will regard this my jufl 
Defence; but I truftin your goodnefs , that when you come to 
your felf again, you will not ukc it amifs, that a worm of 
the Earth fiould turn againft him that gocstocmfh him: and 
fcopc, that tJiofc, who have ftirred you up to perfecute me , will 
one day more juftlybear the penalty of your Indignation thaft 
■ly felf. 

Henry dc Kohanl 

r I ms. 

M/Hh S 1 J936 




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